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Full text of "A dictionary of the Scottish language : in which the words are explained in their different senses, authorized by the names of the writers by whom they are used, or the titles of the works in which they occur, and derived from their originals"

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F.R.S.E. F.S.A. &c. 









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Printed by William Tait, 107, Prince'* Street 



A complete Abridgment of the learned Dr. Jamieson's Etymo- 
logical Dictionary of the Scottish Language, with the Supplement to 
that elaborate and erudite work, has long been considered a deside- 
ratum in the literature of this country, as the expense of the 
Dictionary and Supplement, in four large quarto volumes, has hitherto 
rendered this valuable work almost a sealed book to the bulk of the 
community. To supply this want, as far as it can be supplied by 
an abridgment, has been the anxious aim of the Editor; and the 
plan which he has followed, is exactly that adopted by Dr. Jamieson 
himself, in the limited Abridgment of the original Dictionary, which 
he published many years ago, and long before he brought out the 
Supplement to this great national work. In the Preface to his 
abridgment, Dr. Jamieson states that, — 

" He has followed the same plan with that of the abridgment of 
Dr. Johnson's English Dictionary ; in giving all the terms contained 
in the larger work, in their various significations, the names of the 
writers by whom they are used, or the titles of the works in which 
they occur, and their derivations. In one instance only has he 
deviated from the plan of the great English Lexicographer, in placing 
the etymons after the definitions. This mode is undoubtedly the 
most simple ; as a reader, when looking into a Dictionary for the 
origin of a word with which he is familiar, or for the signification of 
one with which he is unacquainted, must be supposed to turn his eye 
first to the definition, that he may know whether this is the word 
that he looks for, or whether, in the passage in which it has occurred, 
it can bear the sense there given, before he thinks of examining its 


origin, or can form any judgment as to the propriety of the etymon 
that may be offered." 

In the Abridgment now laid before the public, every word contained 
in the Quarto Dictionary and Supplement is carefully incorporated ; 
and the various meanings attached to each, along with the etymons, 
are given at much greater length than is usual in works of the kind. 
The charm of Dr. Jamieson's great work is the mass of antiquarian 
and traditionary lore which his Dictionary and Supplement contain. 
In an Abridgment of four quarto volumes, comparatively little of 
this can be embodied in a single octavo volume. As far, however, 
as his limited space would allow, the Editor has endeavoured to embody 
the proverbial sayings, and give a brief description of the old usages 
and manners of Scotland. 

Edinburgh, Feb. 20, 1846. 














Compl. S. 











Ed. Edit. 








Gl. Gloss. 












L. Lat. 




Anglia Borealis, North of Eng- 


Moeso-Gothic, as preserved in 


" Ulphilas' Version of the 






Alemannic language. 


Manuscript, or corrected from 

Ancient, or Anciently. 


County or Dialect of Angus. 



Armorican, or language of Bre- 






Anglo-Saxon language. 

part. pr. 

Participle present. 

Belgic language. 

part. pa. 

Participle past. 

Cambro-BritanniCj or Welsh 


Persian language. 






Precopensian dialect of the 

Used occasionally for Chaucer. 







Preterite, or past tense. 

Complaynt of Scotland. 


Pronoun; also, Pronounce, Pro- 



Contracted, or Contraction. 



Cornish, or language of Corn- 






Corrupted, or Corruption. 

q. v. 

Quod vide. 


R. Glouc. 

Chronicle of Robert of Glou- 

Danish language. 


Derivative, or Derivation. 


Ruddiman's Glossary to Dou- 


glas's Virgil. 

English language. 


After Islandic quotations, de- 

Erratum, or Errata. 

notes Saga. 



Scottish, Scotland. It also de- 

Explain, Explained. 

notes that a word is still used 

Figurative, Figuratively. 

in Scotland. 

Finnish, language of Finland. 


The asterisk signifies that the 

French language. 

word to which it is prefixed, 

Frankish, Theotisc, or Tud- 

besides the common signifi- 

esque language. 

cation in English, is used 

Frisian dialect of the Belgic. 

in a different sense in Scot- 

Gaelic of the Highlands of 




Scotia Australis, South of Scot- 

German language. 




Scotia Borealis, North of 


Scotland ; also, Northern 

Greek language. 


Hebrew language. 


Scotia Occidentalis, West of 

Spanish language. 


In the same place. 



Having the same signification. 

Syn. Synon 

. Synonyme, Synonymous. 



Sueo-Gothic, or ancient lan- 

Irish language. 

guage of Sweden. 

Islandic (or Icelandic) lan- 


Swedish language, (modern.) 




Italian language. 



Sometimes for Junius. 


Vide, See also, or Volume. 

Latin language. 

v. a. 

Verb active. 


v. n. 

Verb neuter. 

Barbarous Latin. 

r. impers. 

Verb impersonal. 

Metaphor, Metaphorical, Me- 





Sometimes for Wachter. 



It is difficult to give general rules for the 
pronunciation of words in a language in 
which there are so many anomalies as the 
Scottish ; but some examples may be given 
of the sound of the vowels or diphthongs, 
and the guttural oh and gh. 

A, in man, &c. has nearly the same 
sound in S. as in E. Vulgar English writers, 
who use mon for man, hond for hand, &c. 
believing that this is pure Scottish, show 
that they have studied the works of Ram- 
say and Burns to little purpose. The 
rhymes to such words occurring in Scottish 
poems, will at once point out the true pro- 
nunciation ; as, for example, 

" Then gently scan your brother man,'''' &c. 

Address to the Unco Guid. 

" Untie these bands from off my hands,''' 1 &c. 

Macphersoii's Farewell. 

E long, or the ordinary sound of it in ee, 
ea, is in the south of Scotland changed into 
the diphthong ei or ey ; hence beis for bees, 
tei or tey for tea, sey for sea, &c. The pro- 
nouns he and me, pronounced very broadly 
hei and mei, the voice rising on the last 
vowel, most forcibly strike the ear of a 

Eu is frequently pronounced as English 
u in tube; as in neuk, beuk, leuk, &c. See 
also oo in Dictionary. 

in come and coming, is pronounced in S. 
as in E. In Cumberland, and elsewhere in 
the north of England, the vulgar say coam- 
ing : but this pronunciation obtains nowhere 
in Scotland. 

Oo is often sounded like the French u in 
une ; as in hoolie, hood, hoody, &c. 

Ou has frequently the sound of oo in E. 
good; as in douk, doukar, dour, dounwith, 
fouth, &c. 

Ou has also the same sound as in E. 

round; as in doup, douss, gouk, goul, four- 
some, &o. 

Ow has frequently the sound of oo, in E. 
aood; as in doic, (a dove,) doicncome,dowkar, 

U in many words has the peculiar sound 
of the French u in une ; as in hule, spune, 
schitle, &.c. 

Y vowel, used by our ancient writers 
indiscriminately with i, being in fact only 
double i, and printed ij in other Northern 

! languages, is to be sought for, not as it 

i stands in the English alphabet, but in the 

same place with the letter i, throughout the 

work; as, ydant, diligent; ydilteth, idleness; 


Y consonant, corresponds to A.S. G be- 
fore a vowel ; and from the resemblance in 
form of A.S. G ( 5 ) to the Roman z, the 
latter was very improperly used for it in 
many of the early printed books, as well as 
in MSS. and when z without the tail came 
to be used, it was still retained in a number 
of printed books and MSS. Hence we often 
meet with Gaberlunzie, instead of Gaber- 
lunyie, Tuilzie, for Tuilyie, Zeir, for Yeir, &c. 

Ck and gh have often the guttural sound; 
as in loch, lochan, hough, Broughton, &c. 
These sounds, like the French sound of u 
in une, are, however, impracticable to 
Englishmen, unless their organs have been 
early trained to gutturals. Hence we gene- 
rally find them pronouncing loch lock, 
haugh haw, Broughton Brouton, &c. 

Words not found in SH, to be sought for 
under SCH. 

Words not found in WH, to be sought 
for under QUH, expressing the sound of the 
old Gothic guttural. 

Words improperly printed in our old 
books with Z, to be looked for under Y 


The brief Memoir which, through the kindness of the surviving members of 
Dr. Jamieson's family, is now prefixed to this Abridgment of his greatest 
work, possesses at least the essential quality of being perfectly authentic. It is 
in every particular compiled from a rather bulky manuscript autobiography, 
which was written during the later years of Dr. Jamieson's life, in compliance 
with repeated solicitations that he would throw together some memoranda of the 
leading occurrences of his public and literary career. 

John Jamieson was born in the city of Glasgow on the 3d March, 1759. His 
father, Mr. John Jameson, was the pastor of one of the two Seceder congrega- 
tions which were all then established in that town. His mother's name was 
Cleland. She was the daughter of Mr. Cleland of Edinburgh, a man who seems 
to have enjoyed the friendship of the more distinguished of the clergymen of the 
city, and who had married Rachel, the daughter of the Rev. Robert Bruce of 
Garlet, son of the second brother of Bruce of Kennet. This reverend person, the 
great-grandfather of Dr. Jamieson, suffered persecution as a Presbyterian minis- 
ter, during the troubles of Scotland. Dr. Jamieson's paternal grandfather was 
Mr. William Jameson, the farmer of Hill House, near Linlithgow, in West 
Lothian ; a person of respectable connexions, being related to several of the 
smaller landed proprietors of the county, and to some of the wealthy merchants 
of the then flourishing commercial town of Borrowstounness. 

The future lexicographer received his first lessons at a school kept by his father's 
precentor, a person quite incompetent for the task of tuition. After a course 
of very imperfect elementary instruction, according to a practice then general, 
and not yet quite obsolete in Scotland, of leaving the English language to shift, 
in a great measure, for itself, he was sent, in his seventh year, to the first class 
of the Latin grammar school of Glasgow, then taught by Mr. William Bald. 
Bald was a teacher of a stamp not unfrequently met with in those times. He 
was an admirable boon companion, and possessed of great humour, though more 
than suspected of undue partiality for the sons of men of rank, or those of 
wealthy citizens who occasionally gave him a good dinner, and made liberal 
" Candlemas Offerings." This partiality having been very unfairly manifested to 
the prejudice of the just claims of the Seceder minister's son to the highest 
prize in the class, as afterwards admitted by Mr. Bald himself, the pupil was 
withdrawn at the end of the first year. He was then placed under a private 
teacher named Selkirk, who is described as a worthy man, and with whom, 
in two years, and by the unremitting care of his father at home, he made such 
progress, that he was deemed fit to enter the first " Humanity," or Latin class, 
in the University of Glasgow, when only nine years old. Dr. Jamieson, in 
commenting upon his very early appearance at college, gently expresses his 
regret that his excellent father should have so hurried on his education, and 
justly remarks, that however vividly impressions may seem to be received by a 
young mind, they are often so superficial as to be altogether effaced by others 
which succeed them. The professor of Humanity was the Rev. George 
Muirhead, of whom his pupil entertained the most affectionate recollection, and 
an " indelible veneration." 

During his second year at the Latin class, young Jamieson also attended 
the first Greek class, which was then taught by Dr. James Moor, the well- 
known author of the Greek Grammar which bears his name. 



So early in life as this period, the future antiquary was beginning to show a 
taste for old coins, and other curious objects, on which he expended his pocket- 
money. A vein for poetry at the same time displayed itself. Both predilec- 
tions were congenial to those of Professor Moor, with whom Jamieson became 
so far a favourite, that he kindly explained the coins the boy brought to him, 
and would show him his own valuable collection, acquired while he had travelled 
with the unfortunate Earl of Kilmarnock, In short, under Moor, his pupil 
seems to have made progress in every thing save his proper business, the Greek 

During his attendance on the prelections of Professor Muirhead, however, the 
mind of the young student received that bias which influenced the literary pur- 
suits of his after life. " The Professor," he says, in the autobiography above 
referred to, " not satisfied with an explanation of the words of any classical pas- 
sage, was most anxious to call the attention of his pupils to the peculiar force of 
the terms that occurred in it ; particularly pointing out the shades of significa- 
tion by which those terms, viewed as synonymous, differed from each other. 
This mode of illustration, which, at that time, I suspect, was by no means com- 
mon, had a powerful influence in attracting my attention to the classical books, 
and even to the formation of language in general, and to it I most probably may 
ascribe that partiality for philological and etymological research in which I 
have ever since had so much pleasure." 

The precarious state of his father's health made the studies of an only sur- 
viving son, already destined to the ministry, be pushed forward with anxious 
rapidity. The friendly Professor Muirhead disapproved and remonstrated ; but 
there was too good reason for the precipitance, for Jamieson's father afterwards 
informed him, that he was much afraid that, having been long a prisoner from 
complicated disease, he would be early taken away ; and, as he had nothing to 
leave his son, he was most desirous to forward his classical and professional 
education. He was accordingly next season sent to the Logic class, though, as 
he remarks, "a boy of eleven years of age was quite unfit for studying the 
abstractions of logic and metaphysics." This year, also, he considers " entirely 
lost," and that " it might be blotted out of the calendar of his life." A second 
year spent in philosophical studies was employed to little more purpose ; and 
though he now studied under the eminent philosopher, Dr. Reid, he had become, 
during his father's continued illness, too much, he says, his own master to make 
any great progress " either in the Intellectual or Moral Powers." He, however, 
took some pleasure in the study of Mathematics ; but over Algebra, on which he 
consumed the midnight oil, the student of eleven, very naturally, often fell asleep. 
His classical and philosophical studies were certainly begun in very good time ; 
but it is yet more surprising to find the Associate Presbytery of Glasgow 
admitting him as a student of theology at the age of fourteen ! 

The Professor of Theology among the Seceders at that period was the Rev. 
William Moncrieff of Alloa, the son of one of the four ministers who original^ 
seceded from the Church of Scotland, from their hostility to Patronage, and 
who, subsequently, founded the Secession Church. Though not, according to 
his distinguished pupil, a man of extensive erudition, or of great depth of under- 
standing, Professor Moncrieff was possessed of qualities even more essential to 
the fulfilment of his important office of training young men in those days to the 
Secession ministry ; and from the suavity of his disposition, and the kindness 
of his manners, he was very popular among his students. After attending 
Professor Moncrieff for one season at Alloa, young Jamieson attended Professor 
Anderson (afterwards the founder of the Andersonian Institution) in Glasgow, 
for Natural Philosophy, for which science he does not seem to have had any 
taste. While at the Glasgow University, he became a member of the different 
Literary Societies formed by the students for mutual improvement. These were 


then the Eclectic, the Dialectic, and the Academic; and he was successively a 
member of each of them. 

The Doctor relates many beautiful instances of the mutual respect and cordial 
regard which then subsisted among the different denominations of the clergy of 
Glasgow, and which was peculiarly manifested towards his father during his 
severe and protracted illness. Comparing modern times with those better days, 
he prophetically remarks : — 

" If matters go on, as they have done, in our highly favoured country, for 
some time past, there is reason to fear that as little genuine love will be found 
as there was among the Pharisees, who, from sheer influence of party, in a cer- 
tain sense still ' loved one another,' while they looked on all who differed from 
them in no other light than they did on Sadducees. May the God of all Grace 
give a merciful check to this spirit, which is not from Him !" 

Dr. Jamieson was himself, throughout the whole course of his life, distin- 
guished by a liberal and truly Catholic spirit. His friends and intimate asso- 
ciates were found among Christians of all denominations, though he conscien- 
tiously held by his own opinions. If he ever lacked charity, it appears to have 
been towards the Unitarians, a fact perhaps to be accounted for by his early 
controversies with Macgill and Dr. Priestley. Episcopalians and Roman 
Catholics were among his personal friends, even when his position as the young 
minister of a very rigid congregation of Seceders, in a country town, made the 
association dangerous to him, as being liable to misconstruction by his zealous 

After he had attained the dignity of a student in Theology, instead of conde- 
scending to resume the red gown of the Glasgow student, Jamieson repaired to 
Edinburgh to prosecute his studies, and lived, while there, in the house of his 
maternal grandfather, Mr. Cleland. He attended the prelections of the eminent 
Dugald Stewart, then but a young man himself. 

During the young student's residence in Edinburgh, he made many valuable 
and desirable acquaintances, and accmired some useful friends. Of this number 
was the venerable Dr. John Erskine, who continued the friend of Jamieson for 
the remainder of his honoured life. Dr. Erskine commanded his veneration and 
love, but he also felt great respect for the Evangelical Doctor's Moderate colleague, 
the celebrated Principal Robertson, the Historian. Robertson was long the 
leader of the Moderate party in the Kirk Courts ; and young Jamieson, though 
a conscientious Seceder, and one in a manner dedicated from his birth to the 
service of the Secession Church, on witnessing the masterly manner in which 
the Principal conducted business in the Church Courts, felt, in his own words, 
" That if he were to acknowledge any ecclesiastical leader, or call any man a 
master in divine matters, he would prefer the Principal in this character to any 
man he had ever seen ; for he conducted business with so much dignity and 
suavity of manner, that those who followed seemed to be led by a silken cord. 
He might cajole, but he never cudgelled his troops." 

After attending the Theological class for six sessions, the candidate for the 
ministry was, at the age of twenty, appointed by the Synod to be taken on trials 
for license ; and in July 1779, he was licensed by the Presbytery of Glasgow. 

Dr. Jamieson's first appearance as a preacher was at Colmonell, in Carrick in 
Ayrshire, then a very dreary and poor district. From the first he seems to have 
been popular, and the small isolated congregation of Colmonell wished to obtain the 
young preacher as their pastor ; but to this he gave no encouragement, deeming 
it his duty to leave such matters to the regular authorities. His next appoint- 
ment was to the Isle of Bute, and Cowal, in Argyleshire. The picture which 
he gives of characters and of manners, long since passed away, and their contrast 
with present times, is not a little striking. The venerable Doctor, in old age, 
relates, " I found my situation on this beautiful island very comfortable. The 


place of preaching was iu Rothesay. I lodged at a farm-house in the parish of 

Kingarth ; and I never met with more kindness from any man than from 

S the minister of the parish." This was not at all in accordance with the 

Doctor's subsequent experiences of the Established ministers in other parishes, 
and particularly when he came to be settled in Forfar. 

Mr. Jamieson passed over to Cowal in the depth of a severe winter, and was 
lodged in a wretched, smoky hovel, without even glass to the aperture through 
which light was received, and in which he had to eat, sleep, and study. These 
were not the palmy days of the Secession Church. 

In the beginning of 1780, Mr. Jamieson was appointed by the Associate Synoil, 
(the Supreme Court of the Secession,) to itinerate in Perthshire and the neigh- 
bouring county of Angus. After preaching for several Sabbaths in Dundee, in 
which there was then a vacancy, he made so favourable an impression, that the 
Congregation agreed to give him a call to be their pastor. But Forfar, his next 
preaching station, was to be his resting-place, and it proved for many years an 
ungenial and dreary sojourn. To Forfar he was at that time, of course, a total 
stranger ; and in old age he touchingly relates : — " Though I were to live much 
longer than I have done since that time, I shall never forget the feeling I had in 
crossing the rising ground, where I first had a view of this place. I had never 
seen any part of the country before. The day was cold, the aspect of the 
country dreary and bleak, and it was partly covered with snow. It seemed to 
abound with mosses, which gave a desolate appearance to the whole valley under 
my eye. I paused for a moment, and a pang struck through my heart, while 
the mortifying query occurred — ' What if this gloomy place should be the bounds 
of my habitation V And it was the will of the Almighty that it should be so." 

The congregation of Forfar was at that time but newly formed, and had never 
yet had any regular minister, being, by orders of the Presbytery, supplied, as it 
is termed, from Sabbath to Sabbath by young probationers and others. 

Three calls were at the same time subscribed for the popular young preacher : 
from Forfar, from Dundee, and from Perth, where he was wanted as a second 
or collegiate minister. The congregation of Dundee was large and comparatively 
wealthy, but the call was not unanimous, and Forfar proved his ultimate destina- 
tion. It is not easy to conceive a position more trying, in every respect, than 
that of the young minister at his outset in Forfar ; and a man of less energy, 
although of equal talents, would probably have altogether sunk under the oppo- 
sition and persecution which he encountered. There was, however, one bright 
side : he had been affectionately, nay, anxiously wished for by the whole of his 
congregation. He knew that he was in the path of duty ; and, piously resign- 
ing " his lot into the hands of the All- Wise Disposer of events," with the assur- 
ance which followed him through life, " that his gracious Master would provide 
for him in the way that was best," he looked forward to the future with firmness. 

By degrees Mr. Jamieson became better known and better appreciated. He 
acknowledges with marked gratitude the obligations he owed, in many respects, 
to Mr. Dempster of Dunnichen, a gentleman of high character and considerable 
influence in the county, which he represented for some time in Parliament. 
This benevolent man was his first, and proved through life his fastest friend. Until 
his acquaintance with Mr. Dempster, Avhich was brought about by an accidental 
call, Mr. Jamieson's only social enjoyment was in visiting at intervals several 
respectable families in Perth, and its neighbourhood, or the hospitable manse of 
Longforgan in the Carse of Gowrie, then a residence combining every charm. 
But the friendship and influence of Mr. Dempster soon procured similar enjoy- 
ments for him nearer home. At Dunnichen he was at all times a welcome 
guest, and there he became acquainted, through the cordial introduction of Mr. 
Dempster, with all the landed aristocracy of the county. This enlargement of 
Mr. Jamieson's circle of social intercourse was further aided and confirmed by 


his marriage vvitli the daughter of an old and respectable proprietor in the county, 
Miss Charlotte Watson, youngest daughter of Robert Watson, Esq. of Shielhill, 
in Angus, and of Easter Rhynd in Perthshire. 

With Mr. Jamieson's very limited income of £50 per annum, it must have 
appeared almost madness to think of marriage, even allowing for the greater 
value of money at that time ; but the bachelor state is deemed incompatible with 
the ministry in Scotland ; and, besides, prudential considerations will not always 
prevent a young man from falling in love. The union, however, which lasted 
for more than half a century, proved in all respects a most auspicious one. Mr. 
and Mrs. Jamieson had, no doubt, for a long period, much to contend with, from 
limited means and a very numerous family, but the energy and untiring 
industry of Mr. Jamieson made up for all other deficiencies. 

Mr. Jamieson's confidence in Providence, and in his own energies, soon began 
to reap its reward. To loneliness at home, and indifference, if not neglect, abroad, 
there now succeeded strong domestic attractions, and the esteem and regard of 
many respectable neighbours. 

Shortly after his marriage, Mr. Jamieson began to work seriously for the 
press, and continued, for upwards of forty years, a constant and even voluminous 
writer on diversified subjects. While yet a mere stripling, he had composed some 
pieces of poetry for " Ruddiman's Weekly Magazine," which we notice only 
because they were his first attempts as an author. We next find him commu- 
nicating, — in a series of papers to the Literary and Antiquarian Society of Perth, 
of which he was a member, — the fruits of his researches concerning the antiquities 
of Forfarshire. These papers led Mr. Dempster to recommend his writing a 
history of the county, and the suggestion gave impulse and direction to his local 
inquiries, although it was never fully complied with. But the publication 
which seems first to have obtained for him some literary reputation, and the 
character of an orthodox and evangelical minister, was his reply, under the title 
of " Socinianism Unmasked," to Dr. Macgill of Ayr, whose alleged heresy had 
lately been widely bruited. 

This work paved the way for his favourable reception in London, which he 
visited for the first time in 1788-9. He carried to London with him a collection 
of sermons, afterwards published under the title of " Sermons on the Heart," 
which became very popular. With the exception of this work, his other 
writings do not seem to have yielded him much profit, although they added to 
his reputation. Letters of introduction from Dr. Erskine and others procured for 
him an extensive acquaintance, particularly in the religious circles and among the 
evangelical ministers of the metropolis. He mentions the pious and benevolent 
Mr. John Thornton, the eccentric Ryland the Baptist minister, John Newton, 
Venn, and Cecil, as of the number of his new friends. He also found antiquarian 
and literary associates, while his poem on the " Sorrows of Slavery," written 
with some care, and intended to aid the cause of abolition, then of absorbing 
interest, brought him under the notice of the abolitionists, and led to an 
acquaintance with Wilberforce and Granville Sharpe. 

The consideration he enjoyed in these metropolitan circles, and particularly 
amongst his religious friends, must have been augmented by his " Reply to 
Priestley," for which he received the diploma of Doctor of Divinity from the 
College of New Jersey, the first honour of the kind that had ever been conferred 
upon a Seceder. 

Dr. Jamieson repeated his visits to London at different times, officiating there 
for his friend Dr. Jerment, when that gentleman went to Scotland. On these 
occasions, he extended the circle of his general acquaintance, and appears also 
to have discovered several distant relations, mixing in good society. He speaks 
amusingly enough of his meeting with a distant female cousin, Lady Strange, 
the widow of the celebrated engraver, a very lively and clever woman, who, to 


her last day, took pride in her broad Scotch, and retained all the warmth 
of early national feeling. When the Doctor, till then a stranger to her, made 
his formal obeisance, " the good old lady," he says, " ran up to me with all 
the vivacity of fifteen, and, taking me in her arms, gave me a hearty embrace." 
She was one of those whose heads and hearts are continually occupied with 
plans for serving their friends ; and her influence, of which she had a good deal, 
was ever zealously exerted to promote Dr. Jamieson's interests. One of her 
schemes was, that he should leave the Secession and look for promotion in the 
Church of England ; but such an idea, it may well be believed, could not for a 
moment be entertained by the conscientious Scottish Dissenter, who had, for a 
dozen years, been maintaining a family on a stipend of £50 a-year. 

During this period, Mr. Jamieson's greatest enjoyment, beyond his own fire- 
side, was found in the society and steady friendship of Mr. Dempster. " Many 
a happy day," he writes, " have I spent under the roof of this benevolent man. 
We walked together ; we rode together ; we fished together ; we took an occa- 
sional ride to examine the remains of antiquity in the adjacent district ; and if 
the weather was bad, we found intellectual employment in the library, often in 
tracing the origin of our vernacular words in the continental languages." 

The Doctor had not yet projected his great work, — the Dictionary ; the first 
idea of which arose accidentally from the conversation of one of the many dis- 
tinguished persons whom he met at Mr. Dempster's residence : Dunnichen being 
long the frequent rendezvous of not merely the most eminent men of Scotland, 
but of such learned foreigners as from time to time visited the country. This 
was the learned Grim Thorkelin, Professor of Antiquities in Copenhagen. Up 
to this period, Dr. Jamieson had held the common opinion, that the Scottish is 
not a language, and nothing more than a corrupt dialect of the English, or at least 
of the Anglo-Saxon. It was the learned Danish Professor that first undeceived 
him, though full conviction came tardily, and proved, to his satisfaction, that there 
are many words in our national tongue which had never passed through the 
channel of the Anglo-Saxon, nor been spoken in England. Before leaving 
Dunnichen, Thorkelin requested the Doctor to note down for him all the singular 
words used in that part of the country, no matter how vulgar he might himself 
consider them, and to give the received meaning of each. Jamieson laughed at 
the request, saying, " What would you do, sir, with our vulgar words ? they 
are merely corruptions of English." Thorkelin, who spoke English fluently, 
replied with considerable warmth, " If that fantast, Johnson, had said so, I 
would have forgiven him, because of his ignorance or prejudice ; but I cannot 
make the same excuse for you, when you speak in this contemptuous manner of 
the language of your country, which is, in fact, more ancient than the English. 
I have now spent four months in Angus and Sutherland, and I have met with 
between three and four hundred words purely Gothic, that were never used in 
Anglo-Saxon. You will admit that I am pretty well acquainted with Gothic. 
I am a Goth ; a native of Iceland ; the inhabitants of which are an unmixed 
race, who speak the same language which their ancestors brought from Norway 
a thousand years ago. All or most of these words which I have noted down, 
are familiar to me in my native island. If you do not find out the sense of some 
of the terms which strike you as singular, send them to me, and I am pretty 
certain I shall be able to explain them to you." Jamieson, to oblige the learned 
stranger, forthwith purchased a two-penny paper book, and began to write down 
all the remarkable or uncouth words of the district. From such small begin- 
nings, made more than twenty years before any part of the work was published, 
arose the four large quarto volumes of his Dictionary and Supplement, the 
complete revolution in his opinion as to the origin of the Scottish language, 
and that theory of its origin which he has maintained in the learned Disserta- 
tions which accompany his Dictionary. 


It would not be easy, we apprehend, to explain the difficulties, discouragements* 
and privations under which that great undertaking was prosecuted through a long 
series of years. The author had now a large family to maintain and to educate ; 
and he was even embarrassed with debts inevitably incurred, while the prospect 
of remuneration for his labours was distant and uncertain. How he and Mrs. 
Jamieson struggled through their accumulating difficulties, might probably have 
puzzled themselves, on looking back, to explain ; but he was strong in faith, and 
also strenuous in endeavour. 

On the death of Mr. Adam Gib, Dr. Jamieson received a call from the Anti- 
burgher congregation of Nicolson Street, Edinburgh, to be their minister ; but the 
Synod opposed both the wishes of the congregation, and Dr. Jamieson's interests 
and obvious advantage, and that, too, at a period when his removal to the capital 
would have been of the greatest advantage to his literary projects, and to the 
professional education of his elder sons. He very naturally felt with acuteness 
this frustration of his reasonable hopes, but he quietly submitted. A few years 
more elapsed, when Mr. Banks, the successor of Mr. Gib, having gone to America, 
the Doctor was again unanimously called, and the Synod now thought fit to 
authorize his translation. The change from Forfar to Edinburgh was, in every 
point of view, an auspicious event. His stipend was probably at once quadrupled : 
he was restored to early connexions and literary society, and obtained every facility 
for prosecuting his philological and etymological researches. Shortly after this 
time he learnt that the Rev. Mr. Boucher, Vicar of Epsom, was engaged in a 
work of a somewhat similar character to the Dictionary ; and mutual friends 
advised that the one should buy the other off, and obtain the accumulated materials, 
for the use of his own work . Any reward for his labours, however inadequate, was 
then an important consideration with Dr. Jamieson, and he appears, at one time, to 
have thought of giving up his treasures for £250 ; but the dislike which he had felt, 
from the beginning, at either compromise or co-operation, was afterwards fortified 
by suspicions that Mr. Boucher's view of the Scottish language would degrade it 
to the level of the English provincial dialects ; and the conscientious conduct of the 
friend of the Vicar, the late Bishop Gleig of Stirling, who was too well aware of 
the real value of Dr. Jamieson's manuscripts to sanction such a sacrifice, ulti- 
mately and happily put a stop to the negotiation. The subsequent death of 
Mr. Boucher, before the publication of his work, left the field clear for our 
National Lexicographer. It is not merely as patriotic natives of Scotland that 
we rejoice in this circumstance, but as the friends of sound literature ; and as 
prizing yet more highly than the learning displayed, that fund of innocent and 
delightful entertainment and instruction, spread before us in the pages of the 
Scottish Dictionary, and those imperishable records of our history, our literature, 
and our usages, which may enable all future generations of our countrymen, 
and their offsets in every distant land, to think and feel as ancient Scots ; and 
which will keep open for them the literary treasures of their fathers, the pages 
of their Burns and Scott ; and of those other national works which, but for this 
master-key, must have very soon become sealed books. 

The people of Scotland certainly never took so great an interest in any work that 
had then appeared in their own country as in Jamieson's Dictionary. It was every 
one's concern ; and after the first two volumes had been published, and had set 
many thousand minds at work to add to, or endeavour to render more perfect 
this national monument, the learned author, from the palace and the castle to 
the farm-house and the cottage, found devoted, and often able auxiliaries, in 
completing his great undertaking. Those who could not furnish him with 
words, yet circulated his prospectuses, and procured subscribers to the work. 
Through the interest and exertions of Lord Glenbervie, the duty on the paper 
for printing the Dictionary was remitted, in virtue of a provision entitling the 
publishers of works on Northern Literature to a drawback on the paper used. 


Among his friends of a later period, none were more zealous than the late 
Duchess of Sutherland, through whose interest or recommendation he was after- 
wards chosen one of the ten Associates of the Royal Literary Society, instituted 
by George the Fourth, and of which each Associate was entitled to a pension of 
one hundred guineas. 

Dr. Jamieson's severest affliction had been seeing the greater part of his nume- 
rous family descend to the grave before him ; some in infancy and childhood, 
but others in the prime of life and of usefulness. Of seven sons who reached 
manhood, only one survived him. Three died in India ; of whom two had 
arrived at distinction in the medical service. His second son, Mr. Robert 
Jameson, an eminent member of the Scottish bar, long in lucrative practice, and 
entitled to look forward to the highest honours of his profession, was cut off a 
few years before his venerable parent. But his last, and the heaviest blow of 
all, was the loss of Mrs. Jamieson, a lady equally remarkable for the good qua- 
lities of her head and of her heart, who had shared his lot for fifty-five years. 
His surviving family consists of Mr. Farquhar Jameson, now a banker in Paris ; 
Mrs. Mackenzie, the wife of Captain Mackenzie of the 21st regiment ; and several 

In the latter years of his life, Dr. Jamieson was liable to bilious atttacks, for 
which he was recommended to try the waters of different noted Spas in Scotland. 
From such stations as Pitcaithley, the Moffat Wells, or Innerleithen, he was in 
the habit of making rounds of visits to those families of the neighbouring nobility 
and gentry who had been among his earlier friends. The banks of the Tweed, 
between Peebles and Berwick, had become to him a more favourite and familiar 
haunt than even the banks of his native Clyde ; and many of the happiest days 
of his later summers were spent amidst the lovely scenes of " Tweedside," and 
among the friends and relatives whom he had in that classic district. He had 
always been fond of angling, and, in the Tweed and its tributary streams, he 
socially pursued the " gentle craft" almost to the close of life. Of the houses 
which he had long been in the habit of visiting on Tweedside, none seems to 
have left a more indelible impression on his memory than Ashestiel, the happy 
intermediate residence of Sir Walter Scott, whom Dr. Jamieson had first visited 
in his little cottage at Lasswade, and, for the last of many times, in the lordly 
halls of Abbotsford, a very short while before Scott went abroad never again 
to return — himself. 

Besides his Dictionary, and the different works which he edited, Dr. Jamieson 
was the author of numerous volumes, tracts, and pamphlets ; he received literary 
honours both in his own country and from America, and was a Member or 
Associate of learned societies in different parts of the world. 

One of the most important public affairs in which Dr. Jamieson was ever 
engaged, was bringing about the union of the two branches of the Secession Church, 
the Burghers and Antiburghers. Those only who understand the history of these 
great divisions of the Seceders, and their mutual jealousies and dissensions, can 
appreciate the difficulty and the value of the service of again uniting them, and 
the delicacy, sagacity, and tact which this object required. 

Notwithstanding his bilious and nervous complaints, Doctor Jamieson, consi- 
dering his laborious and often harassing duties, enjoyed, up to a great age, a 
tolerable measure of health. His " Recollections," to which he appears to have 
added from time to time, as memory restored the more interesting events and 
reminiscences of his earlier years, seem to have terminated abruptly in 1830. 
He died in his house in George's Square, Edinburgh, on the 12th July 1838, 
universally regretted, esteemed, and beloved, not more for his learning, piety, 
and social qualities, than as one of the few remaining links which connect 
Scottish literature and social life with the Past. 




The letter A has, in the Scottish language, 
four different sounds : 

1. A broad, as in E. all, wall. U is often 
added, as in raid, cold, written also cauld; 
and sometimes w; both as marks of the 
prolongation of the sound. 

2. A short, in lak, mak, tak, S., as in last, 
past, E. 

3. A open, in dad, daddle, a father, and 
some other words, S., as in E. read pret., 
ready adj. 

4. A slender or close, in lane, alane, alone, 
mane, moan, S., like face, place, E. The 
monosyllables have generally, although 
not always, a final e quiescent. 

A is used in many words instead of o in E.; 
as ane, bane, lang, sang, stane, for one, 
bone, long, song, stone. For the Scots pre- 
serve nearly the same orthography with 
the Anglo-Saxons, which the English . 
have abandoned. Thus the words last- ' 
mentioned were written in A.S. an, ban, 
lang, sang, stan. In some of the northern 
counties, as in Angus and Mearns, the 
sound of ee or el prevails, instead of ai, 
in various words of this formation. Ane, 
bane, stane, &c, are pronounced ein, bein, 
stein, after the manner of the Germans, 
who use each of these terms in the same 

When this letter is written with an apostro- ' 
phe, as a', it is meant to intimate that the 
double I is cut off, according to the pro- 
nunciation of Scotland. But this is merely ; 
of modern use. 

A is sometimes prefixed to words, both in S. j 
and O.E., where it makes no alteration 
of the sense ; as abade, delay, which has 
precisely the same meaning with bade. 
This seems to have been borrowed from i 


the A.S., in which language abidan and 
bidan are perfectly synonymous, both 
simply signifying to remain, to tarry. 

A, in composition, sometimes signifies on ; 
as agrufe, on the grufe or belly, S. ; Isl. a 
grufu, cernue, prone. Johnson thinks that 
a, in the composition of such E. words as 
aside, afoot, asleep, is sometimes contract- 
ed from at. But these terms are unques- 
tionably equivalent to on side, on foot, on 
sleep; on being used, in the room of a, by 
ancient writers. 

A is used, by our oldest writers, in the 
sense of one. The signification is more 
forcible than that of the indefinite article 
in English; for it denotes, not merely an 
individual, where there may be many, or 
one in particular, but one exclusively ot 
others, in the same sense in which ae is 
vulgarly used, q. v. 

A is often vulgarly used for hae, i. e. have; 
as, A done, have done. 

Ae, adj. One, S. Although ae and ane both 
signify one, they differ considerably in 
their application. Ae denotes an object 
viewed singly, and as alone ; as, " Ae 
swallow disna mak a simmer." Ane 
marks a distinction often where there is 
a number ; as, " I saw three men on the 
road; ane o' them turned awa' to the right 

AAIRVHOUS, s. The place of meeting 
appointed by the Foud-Generall, or Chief- 
Governor. Shetl. Apparently from arf, 
orf, an arrow, prefixed to house; as an 
arrow marked with certain signs was used 
by the ancients for assembling the multi- 
tude. V. Croishtarich and Eyre Croce. 
It appears that the arrow, having been 
originally used to assemble the people for 




war, had, at least in name, been retained 
in calling the people to the place appointed 
for judicial decisions. Thus aairrhous 
denotes the house appointed for judg- 

AAR, s. The Alder, a tree, S.O. V. Arn. 

AARON'S-BEARD, s. The dwarf-shrub 
called St. John's Wort, Hypericum per- 
foratum, Linn. Roxb. This plant was 
formerly believed by the superstitious in 
Sweden, as well as in Scotland, to be a 
charm against the dire effects of witch- 
craft and enchantment. By putting it 
into ropy milk, suspected to be bewitched, 
and milking afresh upon it, they also 
fancied the milk would be cured. 

ABACK, adr. 1. Away; aloof; at a dis- 
tance, S. 2. Behind, in relation to place, 
S. Barns. 3. Back ; used in relation to 
time past. Angus. Ross's Helenore. 

ABAD, Abade, Abaid, s. Delay; abiding; 
tarrying; the same with Bad, Bade. A.S. 
abid-an, manere, to tarry, to stay. Wal- 
lace. Doug. Virg. 

To AB AY, Abaw, v. a. To astonish. Aba yd, 
part. pa. astonished ; abawed, Chaucer. 
Fr. esbah-ir, to astonish. K. Hart. 

ABAID, part. pa. Waited; expected. A.S. 
abad, expectatus, hoped. JJovglas. 

To ABAYS, v. a. To abash; to'confound. 
Abaysyd, part. pa. Wyntown. Fr. abass- 
ir, id. 

ABAITMENT, s. Diversion ; sport. Dou- 
glas. Arm. ebat-a, ludere, ebat, ludus ; 
O.Fr. ebaud-ir, recreare, ebattement, re- 

ABAK, adv. Back; behind. Chaucer, id. 
Douglas. Isl. aabak, retrorsum. A.S. on 
baec, id. 

To ABANDON, r. a. 1. To bring under 
absolute subjection. Barbour. 2. To let 
loose; to give permission to act at plea- 
sure. Wallace. 3. To destroy, to cut 
off. Wallace. 4. Effectually to prevent ; 
nearly in sense to deter. Bellend. Cron. 
— Fr. abandonn-er, id. 

ABANDONLY, Abandounly, adr. At ran- 
dom, without regard to danger. Wallace. 

ABANDOUN. In abandoun, at abandoun, 
at random. Barbour. Chaucer uses ban- 
don as denoting free will, pleasure. — Fr. 
en abandon, a I'dbandon, id. from a ban 
and dormer, to give up to interdiction. 

ABARRAND, part. pr. Departing from 
the right way, wandering. E. Aberring. 
Bellend. Cron. 

ABASIT, part. pa. Confounded ; abashed. 
Douglas. V. Abays. 

ABATE, s. Accident ; something that sur- 
prises one, as being unexpected ; event, 
adventure. King's Quair. — Fr. abatt-re, 
to daunt, to overthrow; or abet-ir, hebe- 
tem, stupidum, reddere. 

To ABAW. V. Abay. 

ABBACY, Abbasy, s. An abbey. L.B. 
abatia, id. Acts Ja. III. 

ABBEY-LAIRD, s. A ludicrous and cant 
term for a bankrupt ; for one at least who, 
from inability to pay his creditors, finds 
it necessary to take the benefit of the girth 
of the confines of Holyrood House for pro- 
tection from them. Loth. Cock-Laird, 
Herd's Coll. 

ABBEIT, s. Dress; apparel. O.E. abite. 
Bannatyne Poems. Arm. abyt, abyta, 
Lat. habit-us, Fr. habit, id. 

ABBIS, s. pi. Surplices; white linen vest- 
ments worn by priests. Coll. In rentories. 
L.B. alba, id. from Lat. albus, white. 

ABBOT, s. Probably for dress. Habit, 
Pitscottie's Cron, 

ABBOT OF UNREASON, a sort of his- 
trionic character, anciently exhibited in 
Scotland, but afterwards forbidden by Act 
of Parliament. Acts Mary. This was 
one of the Christmas sports ; and, as 
the ancient Saturnalia levelled all dis- 
tinction of ranks, the design of this 
amusement was to ridicule the solemnity 
of the proceedings of an Abbot, or other 
dignified clergyman. It is the same with 
the Abbot of Misrule, and distinguished 
in name only from the Boy-Bishop, char- 
acters formerly well known both in Eng- 
land and in France. The principal per- 
sonage was denominated the Abbot of 
Unreason, because his actings were in- 
consistent with reason, and merely meant 
to excite mirth. For a more particular 
account of this, see The Abbot. 

ABC. An alphabetical arrangement of 
duties payable to Government on goods 
imported or exported. Acts Ja. VI. 

ABE, s. Diminutive of Ebenezer ; pro- 
nounced q. Ebi. Roxb. 

ABEE. To let abee, to let alone ; to bear 
with; not to meddle with, S. To let be, 
E. Ritson. 

Let-abee, s. Forbearance, or conniv- 
ance. Let-abee for let-abee ; mutual for- 
bearance, S. Let-a-be for let-a-be. The 

Let abee. Far less—" He couldna sit, let 
abee stand." 

ABEECH, Abiegh, adr. Aloof, " at a shy 
distance;" chiefly used in the west of S. 
Stand abeigh, keep aloof. Burns. — Fr. 
aboy, O.Fr. abai, abay, abbais; E. at bay, 
O.E. abay. 

ABEFOIR, adr. Formerly ; before. Pit- 

ABEIS, Abies, prep. In comparison with; 
as, " This is black abeis that ; — London is 
a big town abies Edinburgh." Fife. Beis 
in Loth. Perhaps a corr. of Albeit. V. 
Beis, prep. 

ABERAND, part. pr. Going astray. Lat. 
aberrans, E. aberriiu/. Be/lenden, 

To ABHOR, r. a, To fill with horror. 

To ABY /r. a. To suffer for. O.E. abeye, 
able. A.S. byg-an, to buy. Henrysone. 


ABIDDIN, part. pa. Waited for. Nicol 
Bur Hi-. 

ABIL, adj. Able. Wuntown. — Lat. habil-is, 
Fr. habile, C.B. abl, Teut. a&eZ, id. 

ABIL, <T(/r. Perhaps. V. Able. 

ABILYEMENTIS, Abeilyementis, s. pi. 
1. Dress. Rabelais. 2. Accoutrement; 
apparatus, of what kind soever. Acts 
Ja. III. 

ABYLL,a$. Liable; apt. V. Abil. B. II „d. 

ABITIS, s. 'pi. Obits ; service for the dead. 
Bannatyne Poems. — Lat. obit-us, death; 
also, office for the dead. 

ABLACH, Ablack, s. 1. "A dwarf; an 
expression of contempt," Gl. Shirr. S.B. 
Gael, abhach, id. 2. The remains of any 
animal that has become the prey of a 
dog, fox, polecat, &c. 3. A particle; a 
fragment ; used in a general sense. Isl. 
aflag, anything superfluous; Dan. aflagt, 

ABLE, adj. 1. Proper; fit. 2. Liable; 
in danger of. Acts Ja. VI. 

ABLE, Abil, Ablis, Ablins, adv. Perhaps; 
peradventure, S. Yeable-sea, id. Mont- 
gomery. — A.S. abed, Isl. and Su.G. afi, 
strength, properly that of the body ; afl-as, 
to be able. 

ABLEEZE, adv. In a blaze. Bride of 

ABLINS, adv. V. Able. 

A-BOIL, adv. To come a-boil, to begin to 
boil, S. 

ABOOT, adv. To boot ; the odds paid in 
a bargain or exchange. Roxb. 

ABORDAGE, s. Apparently, the act of 
boarding a ship. Sea Laicis, Balfour's 

ABOUT-SPEICH,s. Circumlocution. Dou- 
glas Virg. 

ABOWYNE, Abone, Abow, prep. 1. 
Above, as signifying higher in place ; 
over ; aboon, S. — Gl. Yorks. Westmorel. 
Wallace. 2. Over — " Tullus rang thirty- 
two yeris, in great glore, abone the Ro- 
manis." Bellenden. 3. Superior to, S. 
Barbour. — A.S. abufan, id. The radical 
term is evidently ufan, supra. 

ABRAIDIT, part. adj. A term applied by 
carpenters to the surface of a ragstone, 
used for sharpening their tools, when it 
has become too smooth for the purpose. 
Roxb. — O.Fr. abradant, wearing away ; 
Lat. abradere, to scrape or shave off. 

To ABREDE, r. a. To publish; to spread 
abroad. Gl. Sibb.—A.S. abraed-an, pro- 

To ABREDE, r. n. To start; to fly to a 
side. Chauc. abraide, id. Henrysone. 

ABREED, adr. In breadth, "S. Gl. 

ABREID, Abrade, Abread, adv. 1. 
Abroad; at large, S. Buret. 2. Asunder. 
Roxb. — A.S. abred-an, extendere, or Isl. 
a bra ut, forth, in via. 

ABSOLVITOR, Absolvitour, Absolvitur, 

\ ACH 

s. A forensic term, used in two differ- 
ent ways : — 1. Absohitur ab instantia, 
"One is said to be absolved from the 
instance, when there is some defect or 
informality in the proceedings ; for there- 
by that instance is ended until new 
citation." — Spottisicoode's Law Diet. MS. 
— 2. Absohitur from the claim. " When 
a person is freed by sentence of a judge 
from any debt or demand, he is said to 
have obtained absohitur from the pursu- 
er's claim." — Ibid. 

Evidently from the use of the 3d pers. 
sing, of the Latin verb — Absohitur. 
ABSTACLE, s. Obstacle. Pitscottie's 

ABSTINENCE, s. A truce; cessation of 
arms. Spotswood's Hist. — Fr. id. L.B. 
ABSTRAKLOUS, adj. Cross-tempered. 
Ayrs. Perhaps a misnomer of obstreperous, 
AB-THANE, Abthane, s. V. Thane. 
ABVF IN, prep. Above. A.S. abufan,id. V. 

ABULYEIT, Abulyied, Abilyeit, part, 
pa. 1. Drest; apparelled. Douglas. 2. 
Equipped for the field of battle. Acts 
Ja. II.— Fr. habill-er, to clothe. 
ABULIEMENT,*. Dress; habit. Bellen- 
den. Fr. habiliment. 
To ABUSE, t. a. To disuse ; to give up 
the practice of anything. Acts Ja. II. 
V. Vyssis. L.B. abuti, non uti. 
ABUSIOUN, Abusion, s. 1. Abuse. Acts 
Ja. IV. 2. Deceit ; imposition practised 
on another. Pitscottie. — Fr. abusion. 
AC,Ec,conj. But;and. Barbour. — A.S.aec, 
eac ; Moes.G. auk; Alem. auh ; Su.G. och, 
ock ; Belg. ook ; Lat. ac, etiam. 
ACCEDENS, s. A term used in reference 

to rent in money. Aberd. Beg. 
ACCEDENT, s. An accession, or casualty. 

Spalding. V. Accedens. 
To ACCLAME, r. a. To lay claim to ; to 
demand as one's right. Acts Mary. L.B. 
ACCOMIE, Accumie, s. A species of mixed 

metal, S. V. Alcomye. 
To ACCORD. Used impersonally ; as ac- 
cords, or as accords of law, i. e. as is 
agreeable or conformable to law. It has 
greater latitude of signification than the 
phrase, as effeiris, which denotes anything 
proportional, convenient, or becoming, as 
well as conformity. Laics of S. 
ACCOUNT, s. To lay one's account with ; 
to assure one's self of ; to make up 
one's mind to anything, S. Walker's 
ACCUMIE PEN, ?. A metallic pencil for 

writing on tablets. V. Accomie. 
ACE, s. 1. The smallest division of any- 
thing. 2. A single particle ; a unit. 
Orkn. G. Andr. 
ACE, s. Ashes. V. As, Ass. 
ACHERSPIRE, s. The germination of 



malt at that end of the grain from which 
the stalk grows, S. V. the b. 

To ACHERSPYRE, r. n. To shoot ; to 
sprout; to germinate. E. acrospire. Chal- 
merlan Air. — A.S. aechir, an ear of corn, 
aecer, Su.G. aakar, corn, and spin/, the 
projection of anything that is long and 
slender. Gr. «*?»?, summus, and <rTue*, 

ACHIL, adj. Noble. V. Athil. 

To ACK, v. a. To enact. V. Act, v. 

ACKADENT, s. A spirituous liquor re- 
sembling rum. Ayrs. Apparently the 
corr. of some foreign designation begin- 
ning with Aqua. 

ACKER-DALE, adj. Divided into single 
acres or small portions. — A.S. aecer, an 
acre, and dael-an, to divide. 

ACLITE, Acklyte, adc. Awry ; to one 
side. Roxb. Synon. Agee, S. 

ACORNIE, s. Apparently a drinking ves- 
sel, with ears or handles, like a quaich. 
Fr. acorn'e, horned ; having horns. 

ACQUAINT, Acquent, part. adj. Ac- 
quainted. Psalms, Metrical Version ; 
Heart Mid. -Loth. 

ACQUART, Aikwert, adj. 1. Averted; 
turned from. 2. Cross; perverse, S. Dou- 
glas. — A.S. ac werd, aversus, perversus. E. 

ACQUATE, pret. tense. Acquitted. Acts 
Cha, I. 

To ACQUE1S, r. a. To acquire. Burel.— 
Fr. acquis, acquise, part. pa. ; Lat. acqui- 
situs, acquired. 

To ACQUIET, v. a. 1. To quiet ; to bring 
to a state of tranquillity. 2. To secure. 
Act. Dom. Cone. L.B. acquietare, to ren- 
der quiet or secure. 

To ACQUITE, c. a. Perhaps to revenge ; 
but doubtful. Bellenden. 

ACRE, s. An old sort of duel fought by 
single combatants, English and Scotch, 
between the frontiers of their kingdom, 
with sword and lance. — Coicel'sLaw Diet. 

ACRE-BRAID, s. The breadth of an acre. 
Pickews Poems. 

ACRER, s. A very small proprietor; a 
portioner or feuar, S.A. 

To ACRES, Acresce, r. n. 1. To increase; 
to gather strength. Burel. 2. Used 
as a law term in S. to denote that one 
species of right, or claim, flows from, 
and naturally falls to be added to, its 
principal. — Fr. accroistre, Lat. accrescere, 

To ACT, Ack, r. a. To require by judicial 
authority ; nearly the same with E. en- 
act, with this difference, that there is a 
transition from the deed to the person 
whom it regards. Acts Cha. I. 

ACTENTICKLY, adc. Authentically. Act. 
Dom. Cone. 

ACTION SERMON, s. The sermon that 
immediately precedes the celebration of 
the ordinance of the Lord's Supper in S. 

ACTIOUN, s. Affairs ; business ; interest. 

ACTON, s. A leathern jacket, strongly 
stuffed, anciently worn under a coat of 
mail. Stat. Bob. I. — O.Fr. auquelon, 
haucton, L.B. aketon, acton, id. 

ACTUAL, adj. An actual minister, or an 
actual man, a phrase still used by the 
vulgar to denote one who is in full orders 
as a minister of the gospel, S. Wvdrovc. 
— L.B. actus, officium, ministerium. 

ADAM'S WINE. A cant phrase for water 
as a beverage, our first father being sup- 
posed to have known nothing more power- 
ful^. Sir Andrew Wylie. 

ADDER-BEAD, Adder-Stane, s. The 
stone supposed to be formed by adders, S. 
Nithsdale. V. Bead. 

ADDETT1T, jxirt. pa. Indebted. Dong/as. 
— Fr. endebte, id. 

ADDLE, adj. Foul. An addle dub ; a 
filthy pool. Clydes. V. Adill. 

To ADDLE, r. n. To moisten the roots of 
plants with the urine of cattle. Renfrews. 
— Su.G. adl-a, mejere. 

ADE, Adie, s. Abbreviation of Adam ; 
pronounced Yedie, south of S. 

ADEW, used as an adj. Gone ; departed ; 
fled. Douglas. — From Fr. adieu, used in 
an oblique sense. 

ADEW, part. pa. Done. Wallace. — A.S. 
adoa, facere, adon, tollere. 

ADHANTARE, s. One who haunts a 
place. Aberd. Beg. 

ADHEILL, s. The district in S. now called 
Athol. Barbour. — Gael. Blair-adh-oll, 
Blair- Atholl, expl. " the great pleasant 

ADIENCE, s. To gie adience, to make 
room. To give a wall adience, not to 
confine it in its extent. Fife. It is synon. 
with S. scouth. 

ADILL, Addle, s. 1. Foul and putrid 
water. Douglas. 2. The urine of black 
cattle. Renfrews. — A.S. adl, filthy gore, 
Teut. adel, filth, mire, Su.G. adla, me- 

ADIORNALE, Adjournal, Acte of. The 
designation given to the record of a sen- 
tence passed in a criminal cause ; and 
kept in what are called the Books of Ad- 
journal. Acts Man/. 

To ADIORNIS, c. a. *To cite; to summon. 
Fr. adjourn-er. 

ADIST, prep. On this side, S. It is op- 
posed to ayont, i. e. on the other side. 
Kelly. — Perhaps from Germ, diss, hoc, E. 
this. ' 

ADMINACLE, s. Perhaps, pendicle of 
land. Acts Ch. I. 

ADMINICLE,*. Collateral proof. Ersk, Inst. 

ADMINICULATE, part. pa. Supported; 
set forth. Crookshank's Hist. Lat. ad- 
minicul-ari, to prop, to support. 

To ADNULL, r. a. To abrogate ; to annul. 
Lat. ad null -a re, from ad and nu/lus. 


ADOIS, Adoes, Addois, s. pi. 1 . Business ; 
affairs. Acts Ja. VI. 2. It is also used 
as denoting difficulties, like E. ado; as 
" I had ray ain adoes," i. e. difficulties. 

To ADORN E, v. a. To worship; to adore. 
Abp. Hamiltoun. 

ADOW. Naething adorn, worth little or 
nothing. Roxb. From the r. Dow, to be 
able. — A.S. dm/an, prodesse, valere. 

ADRAD, part. 'adj. Afraid. Upp. Clydes. 
Gl. Sibb. — A.S. adraed-an, timere. 

ADRED, adv. Downright. Douglas.— Ft. 
adroit, or droit, right, straight, Lat. direct- 
us. Rudd. 

ADREICH, adv. Behind ; at a distance. 
To follow adreich, to follow at a consider- 
able distance, S.B. Adrigh, O.E.— From 
the adj. Dreich, q. v. Beltenden. 

ADREID, con j. Lest. Palice Hon. — Imper. 
of A.S. adraed-an, timere. 

ADRESLY, adv. With good address. Wyn- 

To ADTEMPT against, r. n. To disobey. 
Aberd. Reg. V. Attemptat. 

To ADVERT, v. a. To avert; to turn aside. 

ADVERTENCE, Aduertance, s. 1. Reti- 
nue. 2. Adherents ; advisers ; abettors. 
Chron. Ja. II. — Fr. advert-ir, to give ad- 

To ADVISE, r. a. To Advise a Cause or 
Process, to deliberate so as to give judg- 
ment on it, S. Acts Ja. VI. — L.B. advis- 
are, consulere. 

To ADVOCATE, v. n. To plead, e. a. To 
advocate a cause. Lat. advocare. Ruth. 

ADVOUTRIE, Advoutry, s. Adultery. 
Anderson's Coll. — O.Fr. adroutire. 

To ADURNE, v. a. To adore ; the same 
with Adorne. Keith's Hist. 

AD WANG, adj. Tiresome. V. Dwang. 

AE, «rfr. Always ; E. aye. Z.Boyd. — Isl. 
ae, semper, Moes.G. aim, aeternum. 

AE, adj. 1. One. 2. Used with superlatives 
in an intensive sense ; as, " The ae best 
fellow e'er was born." Burns. V. let- 
ter A. 

AE, adj. Only ; as, " Whilk brak the heart 
of my ae sister." — Jacobite Relics. 

AE-BEAST-TREE, s. A swingle-tree, or 
bar, by which only one horse draws in 
ploughing. Orkn. 

AE-FUR, a. Having all the soil turned 
over by the plough in one direction. 
Clydes. Selkirks. 

AE-FUR-LAND, Af-fur-brae, g. Ground 
which, from its steepness, can be ploughed 
only in one direction, or with one furrow, 
the plough returning without entering 
the soil. Selkirks. Clydes. 

AE-HAUN'T, adj. Single-handed; having 
one hand. 

AE-POINTIT-GAIRSS, s. Sedge-grass, 
a species of carex ; single-pointed grass. 

AER, s. Oar. V. Air. Stat. Gild. 


To AFAYND, r.a. To attempt; to endea- 
vour; to try. Wallace. — A.S. afand-ian 

AFALD, Afauld, Aefauld, Aufauld, Ef- 
fauld, adj. 1. Honest ; upright ; with- 
out duplicity, S. 2. Used to denote the 
unity of the divine essence in a trinity of 
persons. Barbour. — Moes.G. ainfalth, Isl. 
eivfauld, A.S, anfeald, simplex. Imme- 
diately from S., a or ae, one, and fald, 

AFALDLY, adv. Honestly ; uprightly. 

AFAST, adj. Perhaps, fixed, or riveted 
with awe. 

AFF, adv. Off, S. Ross.— Moes.G., Isl., 
Su.G., Dan., Belg., af, Gr. «■->>, <*?'. Aleni. 
and Lat. ab. 

AFF, prep. From, off ; as denoting lineage. 
Rob Roy. 

AFF at the knot, lunatic, deranged, S.B. 
Gl. Sheriffs. 

AFF and on. 1 . Applied to those who lodge 
on the same floor, S. 2. Without any 
permanent change, used in relation to the 
sick, S. 3. Unsteady ; vacillating, as re- 
garding conduct. 

AFF and on about. Pretty much about. 

AFF or on, determined one way or another, 
as in regard to a commercial transac- 
tion, S. 

AFF ANE'S FIT. Weakly ; unfit for any 
work, as, "He's fa'ing aff his feet." 

AFFCAST, s. A castaway. Bruce.— From 
af, off, and cast. 

AFFCOME, s. 1. The termination of any 
business ; the reception one meets with ; 
as, " I had an ill afi'come ;" I came off 
with an ill grace, I was not well received. 

2. It is also sometimes used in the sense 
of escape ; as, " A gude affcome, q. coming 
off." 3. An evasive excuse, hedging ; as, 
"A puir affcome," S. Su.G. Afkomst, 
reditus ; from af, of, and komm-a, to 

AFFECTIOUN, s. Relationship ; consan- 
guinity, or affinity. Acts Ja. VI. 

AFFECTUOUS, adj. Affectionate. V. Ef- 
fectuous. Abp. Hamiltoun. 

AFFEIRING, adv. In relation or propor- 
tion. Ettr. For. V. Afferis, Effeirs, v. 

AFFER, Afeir, Effeir, Effere, s. 1. Con- 
dition ; state. Barbour. 2. Warlike pre- 
paration ; equipment for war. Wallace. 

3. Appearance ; show. Barbour. 4. De- 
meanour ; deportment. Maitland P. V. 
Fair, Fere. 

AFFERD, part. pa. Afraid, O.E. offered, 
vulgar E. afeard. Douglas. — A.S. afaered, 

AFFERIS, Effeirs, v. iwpers. 1. Be- 
comes; belongs to; is proper or expedient ; 
frequently used in our laws. Barbour. 
2. It sometimes signifies what is propor- 
tional to, S. Act. Cone— O.Fr. affcr-ir, 
appartenir, Lat. affero. 


AFF-FA'INS, *. Scraps ; castings ; what 
has fallen off. Sw. affalla, to fall off. 

AFFGATE, s. A mode of disposing of, an 
outlet ; applied to merchandise ; an aff- 
gate for goods. Loth. ; perhaps rather off- 
get, q. to get off. 

AFF-HAND, adj. Plain ; honest ; blunt ; 
given to free speaking, S. affin-hand. 

AFF-HAND, adc. Without premedita- 
tion ; forthwith ; without delay, S. Ram- 

AFFLUFE, Aff loof, adc. 1. Without 
book; offhand. To repeat afflufe, to de- 
liver merely from memory, without hav- 
ing a book or notes, S. 2. Extempore, 
without premeditation, S. Ramsay. 3. 
Forthwith ; out of hand. From S. aff, off, 
and lufe, the palm of the hand. 

AFFORDELL, adj. Alive ; yet remaining. 
V. Fordel. 

AFFPUT, s. Delay, or pretence for delay- 
ing, S. 

AFFPUTTING, adj. Delaying ; trifling ; 
dilatory, putting iff, S. 

AFFRAY, s. Fear; terror; Chaucer, id. 
— Fr. affre, effroi, terreur. Barbour. 

AFFROITLIE, adv. Affrightedly. — Fr. 
effroy-er, to frighten. Douglas. 

AFFRONT, s. Disgrace ; shame, S. Ar- 
buthnot on Coins. 

To AFFRONT, v. a. To disgrace; to put 
to shame, S. 

AFFRONTED, part. adj. Having done 
anything that exposes one to shame, S. 

AFFRONTLESS, adj. Not susceptible of 
disgrace or shame. Aberd. 

AFFSET, s. 1. Dismission ; the act of put- 
ting away, S. 2. An excuse ; a pretence, 
S. Ross. — Moes.G. afsat-jan, amovere. 

AFFSIDE, s. The farther' side of any ob- 
ject, S. Su.G. a/sides, seorsum. 

AFFT AK, s. A piece of waggishness, tend- 
ing to expose one to ridicule. Fife. 

AFFTAKIN, s. The habit or act of taking 
off, or exposing others to ridicule. Fife. 

AFLAUGHT, adv. Lying flat. Roxb. V. 

AFLOCHT, Aflought, part. pa. Agi- 
tated; in a flutter, S. V. Flocht. Bel- 

AFORE-FIT, A'Fore-fit, adv. Indis- 
criminately ; all without exception. Upp. 
Clydes. ; q. all before the foot. 

AFORGAYNjjM-ep. Opposite to ; the same 
with Foregainst, q. v. Barbour. — A.S. 
onforan, ante, coram, and gean, contra ; 
on being changed into a in S. and E., as 
onweg into away. Foran ongean, ex ad- 

AFORNENS, prep. Opposite to. V. Fore- 
anent. Wyntoicn. 

AFRIST, ado. In a state of delay ; on 
credit. V. Frist, v. 

AFTEN, adv. Often, S. Ramsay. A.S. 
arft, iterum. 


AFTER ANE, adv. Alike ; in the same 

manner; in one form, S. i. e. after one. 
AFTERCAST, s. Consequence ; effect ; 

what may ensue ; as, " He durstna do't 

for fear o' the aftercast." Roxb. 
AFTER-CLAP, s. Evil consequence, S. 

Gl. Sibb. 
AFTERCOME, *. Consequence ; what 

comes after. South of S. 
AFTERCUMMER, s. A successor. Lett. 

Ja. V. 
AFTERGAIT, adj. 1. Proper ; fitting. 2. 

Tolerable ; moderate. Roxb. 
To AFTERGANG, v. n. To follow. Ross. 

A.S. aeftergan, subsequi. 
AFTERHEND, ado. Afterwards. V. Ef- 


AFTERINGS, Aft'rins, s. pi. 1. The 
last milk drawn from a cow, S. Lan- 
cash. 2. The remainder, in a more gener- 
al sense; as," The aft'rins o' a feast." East 
of Fife. 3. Consequences. Ayrs. R. 

AFTERSUPPER, s. The interval between 
supper and bedtime. Lanarks. V. Fore- 

AFTERWALD, s. That division of a farm 
called Outfield. Caithn. 

AFWARD, adr. Off; away from. Renfr. 
A. Wilson. 

AGAIN, adv. At another time ; used in- 
definitely. Reg. Dalton. 

To AGAIN-CALL, v. a. 1 . To revoke ; to 
recall. 2. To oppose, to gainsay ; so as 
to put iii a legal bar in court to the exe- 
cution of a sentence. Syn. False, v. Pari. 
Ja. III. 

AGAINCALLING, s. Recall ; revocation. 
Barry's Orkn. 

AGAYNE, Agane, prep. Against, S. 
Waverley, Wyntown. — AS. gean, agen, 
ongean, Su.G. gen, igen, Isl. gegn, gen, 

AGAIN-GEVIN, s. Restoration. 

AGAIRY. To Go Agairy. To leave one's 
service before the term-day. Orkn. 

AGAIT, adv. Astir; on the way or road. 
V. Gait. Wallace. — A in the sense of 
on, and gait, a way. 

AG AIT WARD, Agaitwaird, adv. 1. On 
the road, used in a literal sense. 2. In 
a direction towards ; referring to the 

To AGANE-SAY, v. a. To recall. "Revoke 
and agane-say." Aberd. Reg. 

A'-GATES, adv. Everywhere; all ways. 
Antiquary. V. Algait. 

AGATIS, adv. In one way, uniformly, 
Barbour. — A one, and gatis the plur. or 
genit. of A.S. gat, a way. 

AGEE, A-Jee, adv. 1. To one side, S. To 
look agye, to look aside, Gl. Yorks. Ram- 
say. 2. A-jar, a little open, S. Burns. 
3. Deranged in mind ; as, " His brain was 
a wee agee." From a, on, and jce, to move, 
to turn. 


To AGENT, v. a. To manage, whether in 

a court of law, or by interest, S. Baillie. 
To AGGREGE, Aggreadge, v. a. To ag- 
gravate ; to increase ; to enhance. Acts 

of Assembly . Fr. aqqreger, id. 
To AGGRISE, r. a. To affright ; to fill with 

horror. Agryse, Chaucer, to shudder, to 

make to shudder. Douglas. A.S. agrys- 

an, horrere. V. Gryis. 
AGIE, s. Abbreviation of the name Agnes, 

AGLEE, Agley, A-gly, adv. Off the 

right line ; obliquely ; wrong, S. Burns. 

V. Gley. 
AGNAT, Agnate, Agnet, s. The nearest 

paternal relation. Chalmers's Life of 

Mary. Lat. agnati. 
AGREATION, s. Agreement, Fr. Acts 

Cha. I. 
AGREE ANCE, s. Agreement. Spalding. 
AGRUFE, adv. In a flat or grovelling 

position, S. V. Grufe. 
AGWET, s. The name anciently given to 

the hill on which the castle of Edinburgh 

stands. Hardyng. — Corr. from C.B. Ag- 

ned, Castel mynyd Agned ; perhaps, q. 

"the castle of the rifted mount," agen, 

signifying a cliff, ageniad, id. agenedig, 

AHECHIE, inter]. An exclamation uttered 

in ludicrous contempt. Loth. V. Hech, 

AHIN, adv. Behind. Aberd. 
AHIND, Ahint, prep, and adv. 1. Be- 
hind, in respect of place, S. Buchan 

Poems. 2. Late, after, as to time, S. 3. 

Applied to what remains, or is left, S. 

Ross. A.S. hindan, post, aet hindan, a 

tergo, on-hinder, retrorsum. 
To Come in Ahint one. To take advantage 

of one, S. Bob Roy. 
To Get on Ahint one. To get the advantage 

of one in a bargain, to take him in, S. 
AHOMEL, adv. Turned upside down; ap- 
plied to a vessel whose bottom is upward. 

Roxb. From a for on, and Quhemle, q. v. 
AY, adv. Still ; to this time ; as, " He's 

ay living," he is still alive, S. 
AICH, s. Echo, S.B. 
To AICH, v. n. To echo. Clydes. 
AICHER, (gutt.) s. A head of oats or barley. 

Orkn. V. Echer. 
AYCHT, s. An oath. Aberd. Reg. V. 

AICHUS, Haichus, (gutt.) s. A heavy fall 

causing strong respiration ; apparently 

from Hech. Mearns. 
AIDLE-HOLE, s. A hole into which the 

urine of cattle is allowed to run from 

their stables or byres. Ayrs. V. Adill, 

AID-MAJOR, s. Apparently equivalent to 

English Adjutant. 
AYEN, s. A term applied to a beast of the 

herd, of one year old ; also to a child. 

Buchan. Pron. as E. aye. 


AYER, s. An itinerant court. Act. Audit. 

AIERIS, s. pi. Heirs; successors in inhe- 
ritance, Act. Bom. Cone. 

AIFER, s. An old term in Ettr. For. for 
the exhalations which arise from the 
ground in a warm, sunny day. Isl. aefr, 
hot, fierce, kindling. 

AIGARS. s. Grain dried very much in a 
pot, for being ground in a quern or hand- 
mill, S.B. — Moes.G. akran, Su.G. aker, 
Isl. akur, corn ; A.S. aecer, an ear of corn. 

AIGAR-MEAL, s. Meal made of grain 
dried in this manner, S. 

AIGAR-BROSE, s. A sort of pottage made 
of this meal, S. 

To AIGH, v. a. To owe; to be indebted. 
Aighand, owing, S.B. — Su.G. aeg-a, Isl. 
eig-a, debere ; Moes.G. aig-an, A.S. ag-an, 
habere, possidere. 

AIGHINS, s. pi. What is owing to one, 
especially used as denoting demerit. When 
one threatens to correct a child who is in 
fault, it is a common expression," I'llgie 
you your aighins," S.B. — Moes. G. aigins, 

To AIGHT, Eght, v. a. 1. To owe ; to be 
indebted. 2. To own ; to be the owner of. 
Aberd. Synon. A ucht. V. Aigh. 

AIGLET, s. 1. A tagged point. Gl. Sibb. 
2. A jewel in one's cap. Gl. Sibb. Fr. 
esguilette, id. q. aculeata. 

AIGRE, adj. Sour. 

AIK, Ayk, s. The oak, S. Plur. akis, oaks. 
Douglas. — A.S. ac, aec, Alem., Germ. 
eiche, Su.G. ek, Isl. eik, quercus. 

AIKEN, Aikin, adj. Of or belonging to 
oak ; oaken. Acts Mary. 

AIKER, s. The motion, break, or move- 
ment, made in the water by a fish when 
swimming rapidly. Roxb. Synon. Swaic, 
Isl. iack-a, continue' agitare. 

AIKERIT, part. adj. Eared ; iceil aikert, 
having full ears ; applied to grain, Tweedd. 
Pron. yaikert. V. Aigars. 

AIKIE-GUINEAS, s. A name given by 
children to small flat shells, bleached by 
the sea. Mearns. 

AlKIT, pret. Owed. Aberd. Req. 

AIKRAW, s. Pitted warty lichen, L. 
scrobiculatus. Linn. South of S. V. 
Staneraw. Lii/htfoot. 

AIKSNAG, s. The broken bough of an 
oak. V. Snag. 

AYLE, s. LA projection from the body of 
a church, one of the wings of the tran- 
sept, S. 2. An enclosed and covered bu- 
rial place, adjoining to a church, though 
not forming part of it, S. Spalding. — 
Moes.G. and A.S. alh, templum. 

AILICKEY, s. The bridegroom's man ; he 
who attends on the bridegroom, or is em- 
ployed as his messenger at a wedding, 
Ang. — Su.G. e, marriage, and lackey, Fr. 
lacquay, a runner. 

AILIN, *-. Sickness ; ailment, S. 



AILSIE, s. Abbrev. of the female name 
Alison; as, Ailsie Gourlay. Bride Lam. 

AIN, adj. Own, S. V. Awin. 

AINCE,Aixst, adr. Once. V. Anis. 

AINCIN, adv. 1. Once. 2. Fairly; as, 
" He'll ride very weel, gin be were 
aincin to the road," i. e. fairly set a- 
going. Ettr. For. 

AYND, Ex\D, s. The breath ; also written 
end; A.Bor. Yane, id. Barbour. Isl. 
Su.G. ande, A.S. ond, halitus, spiritus. 

To AYND, Ainde, Eand, t. n. 1 . To draw 
in and throw out the air by the lungs. 2. 
To expire, without including the idea of 
inspiration ; to breathe upon. Abp. Ham- 
iltoun. 3. To blow upon, as denoting the 
action of the air. Bel/enden. — Isl. and-a, 
Su.G. and-as, respirare. 

AYNDING, s. The act of breathing. Doug. 

A YNDING-STEDE,^. A breathing-place. 

AYNDLESSE, adj. Breathless, out of 
breath. Barbour. 

AINLIE, adj. Familiar; not estranged. 
Selkirks. Syn. Innerly. 

AINS, adv. Once. V. Axis. 

AINSELL, s. Own self; used as a s., S. 

AY QUHAIR, adr. Wheresoever. Acts 
Ja. I. A.S. ahicar, ubicunque. 

AIR, s. Expl. " hair, used for a thing of 
no value." Bannatyne Poems. — Isl. aar, 
the smallest thing imaginable. 

To AIR. To taste ; to take a small quan- 
tity. Orkn. 

AIR, s. A sand-bank. Orkn. Shetl. 

AIR, Ayr, Ar, Are, adr. 1. Before ; 
formerly. Wallace. 2. Early. Fell air, 
very early in the morning. Airer, corn- 
par. ; airest, superl. Wyntown. Are 
morrow, early in the morning. Dour/las. 
— Moes.G. air, A.S. aer, Alem. er, Belg. 
eer, ante, prius ; also tempus matuti- 

AIR, adj. Early, S. Journ. Lond. 

AIR, Aire, Ayr, Ayre, Ar,s. An oar; still 
used, S.B. Wallace. — A.S. Alem. are, 
Isl. aar, Dan. aere, Su.G. ara. 

AIR, Aire, Ayr, s. An heir. Barbour. — 
Moes.G. arbi, Su.G. arf, Lat. haeres, id. 

AIR, Ayre, Ayr, s. An itinerant court 
of justice; E. Eyre. Lat. iter, O.Fr. eire. 

AIRC1I, Airgh, (gutt.) adv. Scarcely ; 
scantly; as, "That meat's airch dune." 
Loth. — A.S. earh, earhlice, remisse. 

AIRCH, Arch, «. An aim. Aberd. Roxb. 

To AIRCH, (pron. Airtsh) r. n. To take 
aim ; to throw or let fly any missile wea- 
pon with design to hit a particular ob- 
ject. Roxb. Aberdeens. It is not con- 
fined to shooting with a bow, though, per- 
haps derived from Archer, E. a bowman, 
a marksman. 
ARCHER, g. A marksman. Aberd. 

AIREL, s. An old name for a flute, or a 
reed pipe, or other wind instrument. 

AIRGH, adj. Hollow ; and used when 


anything is wanting to make up the level 
Ettr. For. — A.S. earh, earhlice, remisse 
V. Ergh, Argh, v. 

To AIRGH, v. n. To hesitate ; to be reluc- 
tant, S. Wint. Er. Tales. 

AIR-YESTERDAY, s. The day before 
yesterday. Banffs. V. Here-yesterday. 

AIR-YESTREEN, s. The night before 
last. Gallowav. V. as above. 

AIRISH, adj. Chilly, S. 

AIRN, s. Iron, S. Aims, pi. fetters— Isl. 
kirn, Su.G. iern. V. Irne. 

To AIRN, v. a. To smooth ; to dress with 
an iron. Airn'd, ironed. 

AIRNESS, s. The state of being early, S. 

AIRNS, s. pi. Fetters, S. V. Irne. 

AYRSCH1P, s. Inheritance, S. Acts Ja. 
III. Sw. arfskap, id. 

AIRT, Art, Arth, Airth, s. 1. Quarter 
of the heaven ; point of the compass, S. 
Douglas. 2. A particular quarter of the 
earth. Wallace. 3. On every art, on 
every hand, on all sides. Douglas. — Gael. 
aird, a cardinal point; Germ. ort,vart; 
Belg. oorde, a place or quarter; Isl. vart, 
Moes.G. wairths, versus, towards. 

To AIRT, Art, Ert, v. a. 1. To direct; 
to mark out a certain course; used with 
respect to the wind, as blowing from a 
particular quarter, S. Law Case. 2. To 
give direction or instruction, in order to 
find out a certain person or place, or any 
other object, S. Sir J. Sinclair. 

To AIRT on, v. a. To urge forward, 
pointing out the proper course. David- 

To AIRT out. To discover after diligent 
search; as, " I airtit him out." 

AIRT and PART. V. Art. 

AYSYAMENT, s. V. Aisment. 

AISLAIR, adj. Polished; applied to free- 
stone finely wrought. Abp. Hamiltoun. 

AISLAR-BANK, s. Rocky bank, like 
ashlar work. Roxb. 

AISMENT, Aysyamext, s. Used in the 
same sense with E. easement, as denoting 
assistance, accommodation.— Fr. aiseme nt, 
commodum. Stat. Robert I. 

AIT, s. A custom ; a habit ; especially a 
bad one. Mearns.- — Isl. aede, aedi, id. 

AIT, Oat, or Oaten; for it may be viewed 
either as a s. in a state of construction, or 
as an adj. V. Aits. Douglas. 

AITEN, s. A partridge. Perhaps ait-hen., 
the fowl that feeds among the oats. 

AITEN, adj. Oaten, S. Ritson. 

AIT-FARLE, s. A cake of oat-bread. V. 

AITH, or AIFTLAND, s. That kind of 
land called infield, which is made to carry 
oats a second time after barley, and has 
received no dung. Ang. — Perhaps from 
A.S. aej't, iterum. 
AITH, Aythe, j. An oath. V. Athe. 
AITH-HENNES, s. pi. Apparently, heath- 
liens, as being bred on the heath. Skene. 


AITLIFFCRAP, s. In the old husbandry, 
the crop after bear or barley. Ayrs. V. 

AITS, s. 2^- Oats, S. Wild aits, bearded 
oat-grass, S. Avena fatua, Linn. — A.S. 
ata, ate, avena. 

AITSEED, s. 1. Oat-sowing. 2. Season 
of oat-sowing. Acts Ja. VI. V. Bear- 

AIVER, s. A he-goat, after he has been 
gelded. Till then he is denominated a 

AIVERIE, adj. Very hungry. Roxb. 
nearly obsolete. V. Yevery. 

AIXMAN, s. A hewer of wood. Sutherl. 
One who carries a battle-axe. Pitscottie. 

AIX-TRE, s. An axletree, S. V. Ax-tree. 

AIZLE, g. A hot ember. V. Eizel. 

AKYN, adj. Oaken. Douglas. 

ALAGUST, 8. Suspicion. V. Allagust. 

ALAIGH, adv. Below, in respect of situa- 
tion, as compared with another place. 
Selkirks. From on and laigh, low. 

ALAIS, s. pi. Alleys. Wallace. 

ALAK, Wallace. V. Lak. 

ALAKANEE, interj. Alas. Ayrs. Picken. 

ALAMONTI, Allamotti, s. The storm 
finch, a fowl. Procellaria pelagica, Linn. 
Orkn. The same with the Assilag of St. 
Hilda. Allamotti is the proper pronun- 
ciation. Neill, — Ital. ala, a wing, and 
nioto, motion. 

ALANE, Allane, adj. Alone, S. Wyn- 
town. — Alem. alain, Germ, allein, alone ; 
from all, omnis, and ain, ein, unus. 

ALANERLIE,adi\ V. Allanerly. 

ALANG, Alangs, prep. Along. Su.G. 
laangs, id. 

ALAREIT. V. Lareit. 

ALARS. Alars get, apparently, the gate 
overspread with alder. Palice Hon. 
— A.S. air, Alem. ellra, the alder ; 
Su.G. alar, of or belonging to the alder- 

ALASTER, Alister, s. Abbreviation of 
the name Alexander. Spalding, Jacobite 

ALAYOLEE,adc. At random. V.Alla- 


ALA WE, adv. Downward; below. V. Law, 

ALBLASTRIE, s. Apparently, the exer- 
cise of the cross-bow. V. Awblaster. 

ALBUIST,co?y. Though; albeit. Ang. Ross. 

ALCOMYE, s. Latten, a kind of mixed 
metal still used for spoons. Hence, Ac- 
comie s/mnes, spoons made of alchymy, 
S.B. V. Lattoun. Douglas. — From Fr. 
alquemie, or O.E. alchymy. 

ALD, Alde, Auld, adj. 1. Old, S. Yorks. 
O.E. aid, id. Wyntown. 2. What is deem- 
ed unreasonable ; as, " Here's an avid 
wark about naething." — A.S. eald, Alem. 
alt, vetus ; derived from A.S. eald-ian, 
to remain, to stay, to last, Alem. alten, to 


" Auld to do ;" a great fuss or pother. 

Auld sairs. The renewing of old party 
quarrels is called " the ripping up o' 
auld sairs," i. e. old sores. 

ALDAY, adv. In continuation. Teut. 
alle-dage, quotidie. 

ALDERMAN, s. Old term for a mayor in 
S. burghs. Pinkerton. 

ALEDE, s. A rule. Ich alede, each rule. 
Sir Tristrem. — A.S. alaed-an, to lead. 

To ALEGE, r. a. To absolve from alle- 
giance. — Fr.alleg-er, id. Wyntown. 

ALENTH, adv. On length ; far length. 

1. To come alenth, to arrive at maturity. 

2. To gaefar alenth, to go great lengths. 

3. To be far alenth, to be far advanced, 
to make great progress, S.B. 

ALERON. Meaning doubtful. 

ALEUIN, adj. Eleven. Complaynt S. 

ALGAIT, Algate, Algatis, adv. 1. Every 
way. 2. At all events ; by all means. 
Douglas. — O.E. all gate, R. Brunne ; all 
gates, Chaucer. From all, and gait, or 
gatis, i. e. all ways. 

ALHALE, Alhalely, adv. Wholly ; en- 
tirely. Douglas. From all, and hale, hail, 

ALYA, Allia, Allya, Allay, s. 1. Alli- 
ance. Wallace. 2. Anally. Acts J a. VI. 
3. Sometimes used as a plural noun, sig- 
nifying allies. Bellenden.—Fr. cdlie, with 
a Saxon termination. 

ALI A Y, Allya, s. Alliance. Acts Ja. I V. 

ALYAND, part. pr._ Keeping close toge- 


r allace. — Fr. alU-er, to join, to 

To ALYCHT, v. a, To enlighten. Douglas. 
— A.S. alyht-an, illuminare ; alyht-nysse. 

ALIE, s. Abbrev. of a man's name ; also 
of Alison; at times Elie. 

To ALIE, v. a. To cherish; to nurse; to 
pettle. Shetl.— Isl. cd-a, alere. 

ALIEN ARE, s. A stranger. Douglas. — Lat. 

ALIMENT, s. The fund for maintenance 
which the law allows to certain persons, 
S. Ersk. Inst. 

To ALIMENT, v. a. To give a legal sup- 
port to another. Bell's Law Diet. 

ALISON, s. A shoemaker's awl. Shetl. 
V. Elsyn. 

AL1ST. To come alist. To recover from 
faintness or decay, applied both to ani- 
mals and vegetables ; to recover from a 
swoon, S.B. Ross. — Isl. lios, light ; aliost, 
the dawn of day ; at koma iliosi, to make 

ALYTE, adv. A little. V. Lite. Lynd- 

ALL, interj. Ah ; alas. Poems Sixteenth 

ALL, at all, adv. On the whole. Dour/las. 

ALLAGRUGOUS, adj. Grim, ghastly, S.B. 
Journ. Lond. — Perhaps from all, Moes.G. 
alia, and gruous, ghastly, q.v. 



ALLAGUST,s. 1. Suspicion. Journ.Lond. 

2. Disgust. Gl. Shirr.— Ft. a le goust, 
has a taste or smack. 
To ALL AYA, v. a. To ally. Complaynt S. 

— Fr. alli-er, id. 
ALLAKEY, s. An attending servant; a 

lackey. Acts Ja. VI. 
ALLANERLY, Alanerlie, adj. Sole; 

only. Bellenden. 
ALLANERLIE, Alanerly, Allenarly, 
adv. Only ; solely, S. — From all, and 
anerly, only. Ret]. Maj. Pitscottie. 
ALL A'NYS, adv.' Together ; in a state of 
union. Wallace. — From all, A.S. eall, 
and anes, the genit. of an, unus, q. all of 
ALLAR, Aller, s. The alder, a tree, S. 

ALLARIS, Alleris. Common ; universal, 
an old genitive used adjectively. — O.E. 
alre,id. Wyntown— A.S. allera, genit. 
pi. of all, omnis. Belg. aller, id. V. 
ALLA-VOLIE, Alle-Volie, adv. At 

random, S.— Fr. a la volee. Philotus. 
ALLA-VOLIE, Alle-Volie, adj. Gid- 
dy ; volatile ; " An alle-volie chield," a 
volatile fellow, S. 
To ALLEGE, v. n. To advise ; to counsel. 
Bellenden. — L.B. cdleg-are, mandatis in- 
To ALLEGE, v. a. To confirm.— L.B. alleg- 
are, ligare. 
ALLEGIANCE, Allegeance, s. Allega- 
tion. Act. Audit. 
ALLEIN, adj. Alone, S.B. Germ. id. 

V. Alane. 
To ALLEMAND, v. a. To conduct in a 
formal and courtly style. Ayrs. Ann. of 
the Par. 
ALLE-MEN, adj. Common ; universal. 
Popul. Ball.— Su.G. all-maen, communis, 
Teut. alle-man, omnis homo, al-ghemeyn, 
ALLER, adv. Wholly; entirely; altogether. 
Aller-hale, a pleonasm. Barbour. — O.E. 
alder, id. often prefixed to a superlative. 
V. Allaris. 
ALLERIS, s. pi. The same with Allaris. 

ALLERISH, adj. Chilly ; rather cold ; as 
" an allerish morning," a snell morning. 
Teviotd. V. Elrische, sense 6. 
ALLEVIN, part. pa. Allowed ; admitted. 
Bannatyne Poems.— A.S. alef-an, conce- 
dere, permittere— Su.G. lofw-a, Moes.G. 
laub-jan, id. 
ALLIA. V. Alya. 

ALLYNS, adv. 1. Altogether ; thoroughly. 
Gawan and Gol. 2. More willingly ; 
rather. Selkirks. — Su.G. alleingis, al- 
laengis, A.S. allinga, eallenga, omnino, 
ALLISTER, adj. Sane ; in one's right 
mind, Teviotd. Perhaps allied to Alist, 
q. v. 


ALLKYN, Alkin, adj. All kind of, Aw 
kin kind, S.B. Douglas.— A.S. eall-cyn, 
omnigenus. V. Kin. 
To ALLOCATE, v. a, To apportion the 
sums due by each landholder in an aug- 
mentation of a minister's stipend, S. 
Synon. to Local. Ersk. Inst. 
ALLOVER, prep. Over and above. Cul- 

loden Papers. 
ALL OUT, adv. In a great degree ; be- 
yond comparison. Barbour. 
To ALLOW, v. a. 1. To approve of, gener- 
ally with the prep, of subjoined. Bollock. 
2. To praise, to commend. Douglas. — 
Fr. allou-er, to approve, Su.G. lofw-a, 
ALLOWANCE, s. Approbation. Bollock. 
ALLOWSS, v. a. To loose ; to release from. 

Aberd. Reg. — A.S. alys-an, liberare. 
ALLPUISTJ Apiest, Apiece, conj. Al- 
though, S.B. abies. Loth. Journ. Lond. 
Perhaps corr. from albeit. 
ALLRYN, adj. Constantly, progressive, 
applied to time. Barbour. — A.S. all, 
omnis, and rinn-an, currere, to flow, 
to run. 
ALLSTRYNE, Allstrene, adj. An- 
cient. Maitland Poems. — A.S. aid, old, 
and strynd, generation, or stryn-an, to 
ALLTHOCHTE, conj. Although. Dou- 
glas.— A.S. cdl, all, and thohte, part. pa. q. 
"everything thought of, or taken into 
consideration." V. Thocht. 
ALLUTERLIE, Alutterly, adv. Wholly; 
entirely. Douglas. — A.S. all, omnis, and 
uter, utter, exterior, from ut, extra. 
ALL-WEILDAND, adj. All-governing. 
Wcdlace. — A.S. all, ail, and weald-an, to 
govern ; Franc, cdluualt, Isl. all-valdur, 
ALMAIN, s. The German language. O.Fr. 

Aleman, Alleman, id. Cotgr. 
ALMANIE WHISTLE, a flageolet of a 
very small size, used by children. Aberd. 
Thus denominated, because whistles of 
this kind were originally imported from 
Almanie,i. e. Germany. 
ALMARK, s. A beast accustomed to break 
fences. Shetl. Perhaps one that overleaps 
all marks or boundaries. 
ALMASER, Almoseir, s. An almoner, 
or dispenser of alms. Dunbar. — From 
Almous, alms. 
ALMERIE, Almorie, s. Anciently a 
place where ahns were deposited or dis- 
tributed ; in latter times used to denote 
a press or cupboard, where utensils for 
housekeeping are laid up ; the same with 
E. ambry. Dunbar. — O.E. almery, a 
place to put meat in ; O.Fr. almoire, 
aumaire ; A.S. almerige, repositorium, 
ALMONS, Almonis, s. Alms. Balfour's 

Pract. — O.Fr. aulmosne, id. 
ALMOUS, Almows, Aumis, s. Alms, S. 

ALiM 1 

Almesse, O.Ij. Wyntown. So late as the 
reign of James IV. licenses were granted 
by the several universities to some poor 
students to go through the country beg- 
ging, in the same manner as the poor 
scholars belonging to the Church of Rome 
do to this day in Ireland. Among those 
designated " ydill and Strang beggaris," 
are reckoned — " all vagaboundis scollaris 
of the vniuersiteis of Sanctandrois, Glas- 
gow, and Abirdene, not Ueendt be the 
rector and dene of facultie of the vniuer- 
sitie to ask almous." Acts Ja. VI. 1574, 
Ed. 1814, p. 87. — A.S. almes, almesse; 
Sw. almosa ; Gr. iXei^tMrvvoc. 

ALMOUSSER,*. Almoner. Acts Ja. VI. 

ALMOWR, s. Almoner. Mem. of Dr. 

ALOFT, adv. Equivalent to up, as refer- 
ring to a state of warfare. Ghithry's 

A LOUS, v. a. To release. Aberd, Be;). 
V. Allows. 

ALOW, prep, and adr. Below. Ettr. 

A-LOW, adr. On fire ; in a blazing state, 
S. The Pirate. 

To Gang A-low, to take fire ; or to be set 
on fire, S. Tennant's Card. Beaton. 

ALOWER, Alowir, adv. All over. Coll. 

ALPE, .<. An elephant. Alpes bon, ivory. 
Gl. Complaynt S. — A.S. elp, Lat. elej h-as; 
Heb. a/aph, bos. 

ALQUHARE, All Quhare, adv. Every- 
where. Douglas. — From all, and quhare, 

ALRY, adj. For its different senses, V. 

ALRYNE, 8. Apparently a watch-tower, 
or the highest part of a castle. Maitland 
Poems. — Su.G. hall-a, defendere, Kattare, 
praesidium, hallarena, watchmen. 

ALS, conj. As ; generally employed in the 
first part of a comparison ; " A Is fers as a 
lyoun," i. e. " As fierce as a lion." Wal- 
lace. — From A.S. ealles, omnino ; or eaU 
swa, ita, tam. 

ALS, Alse, adv. Also; in the same manner. 
V. Sua, Alsua. Barbour. — A.S. eall swa, 

ALSAME, Alsamen, adv. Altogether. 
Douglas. — From A.S. eall) all, and same, 
together. Alem. alsamen, simul. 

ALSHINDER, s. Alexanders, a plant, S. 
Smyrnium olusatrum, Linn. 

ALSMEKLE, adv. As much. Acts Ja. I. 
— From als, and mekle, much, great. 

ALSONE, adv. As soon, with as subjoined. 
Barbour. — Properly als, as,and sone, soon, 
A.S. eall swa sona. 

ALSSAFER, adv. In as far. Aberd. Beg. 

ALSUA, adv. Also. Barbour. — A.S. alswa, 
id. V. Als, adv. 

ALSWYTH, adv. Forthwith. Barbour.— 
From all, and swith, quickly, q. v. 


ALUNT, adv. A-blaze; in a blazing state. 

To set Aluxt. 1. To put in a blaze. 2. 
Metaph. to kindle; to make to blaze, S. 

ALUTTERLY, adv. V. Alluterlie. 

ALWAIES, Alwayis, conj. Although ; 
notwithstanding; however. Bellenden, 

AMAILLE, s. Enamel. King's Quair. — 
O.E. ammel, id. Fr. Belg. email, Dan. 
arnel; Teut. mad-en pingere, A.S. mael, 

AMA1ST, adv. Almost, S. ameast, West- 
morel. Boss. — A.S. ealmaest, Belg. al- 
meest, id. 

AMALYEIT, part. pa. Enamelled. 

AMANG, Amangis, prep. 1. Among ; 
among, S. Westmorel. Wyntown. '2. 
At intervals, occasionally. Barbour. — 
A.S. meng-an, Su.G. maeng-a, Isl. meng-a, 
to mix, to blend. 

AMANG HANDS, adv. In the meantime. 
S.O. The Entail. 

AMANISS, prep. Among, for amangis. 
Act. Audit. 

AMBASSATE, Ambassiat, s. 1. An em- 
bassy, as denoting the persons sent consi- 
dered collectively. Douglas. 2. Also used 
for a single person. — Fr. ambassade, id. 

AMBAXAT, a. Embassy. Act. Dom, Cone. 
V. Ambassate. 

AMBRY, Amry, s. A press in which the 
provision for the daily use of a family in 
the country is locked up, S. Spalding. 
V. Almerie. 

AMBUTIOUN, s. Ambition. Bellenden. 

To AMEISE, Amese, Ameyss, v. a. To 
mitigate ; to appease. Barbour. — Franc, 
m zz-an, Germ, mass-en, moderari, miti- 
gare; C.B. masw, soft. 

AMEITTIS,s./^. Amelt denotes the amice, 
the first or undermost part of a priest's 
habit, over which he wears the alb. — Fr. 
amict, L.B. amict-us, amice. 

AMEL, s. Enamel. Hogg. V. Amaille. 

AMENE, adj. ' Pleasant. Douglas.— Lat. 
amoen-us, id. 

AMERAND, adj. Green ; verdant ; pro- 
bably written ameraud. Douglas. — 
From the colour of the emerald, Fr. eme- 

To AMERCI AT, v. a. To fine ; to amerce. 
Acts Cha. I. — Lat. part, amerciat-us. 

AMERIS, Aumers, s. pi. Embers ; aumers, 
S.B. Douglas. — A.S. aemyria, Belg. 
ameren, Isl. ebnyrla, favilla, a hot ember, 
white ashes. 

AMYDWART, prep. In or toward the 
midst of. Douglas. 

AMYRALE, Amyrall, s. An admiral. 
Wyntown. — Fr. amiral; Arab, amir, a 
lord, ameer al omrah, prince of the princes. 

To AMIT, r. a. To admit. Wallace. 

AMITAN, s. A fool, or mad person, male 
or female; one yielding to excess of anger. 
Dumfr. — C.B. ameth denotes a failure. 

AMITE, s. An ornament which Roman 




Catholic canons or priests wear on their 
arms when they say mass. Hay's Scotia 
Sacra. — O.E. amess, amice, amid, id. V. 
AMMELYT, part. pa. Enamelled. Dou- 
glas.— Fr. emaill-er, L.B. amayl-are, id. 
To AMMONYSS, v. a. To admonish ; to 
counsel ; to exhort. V. Monesting. Bar- 
AMOREIDIS, s. pi. Emeralds. Coll. In- 

AMORETTIS, s. pi. Love-knots ; garlands. 
King's Quair.—Fr.amourettes,love-tricks. 
dalliances. Cotgr. 
To AMOVE, Aiiow, r. a. To move with 
anger, to vex, to excite. Wyntown. — Fr. 
emouv-oir, id. 
AMOUR, s. Love. Douglas.— Ft. id. Lat. 

AMPLEFEYST, g. LA sulky humour ; 
a term applied both to man and beast. 
2. A fit of spleen. 3. Unnecessary talk, 
perhaps showing a discontented disposi- 
tion. It is sometimes pronounced Wim- 
plefeyst. Roxb. Loth. If wimplefeyst is 
the original form, it might be trace'd to 
Isl. wambilt, abdomen, and fys, flatus, 
peditus, from fys-a, pedere. 
AMPLIACIOUN, s. Enlargement. . Bel- 

fenden. — Fr. ampliation, id. 
AMPTMAN, s. The governor of a fort. 
Monro's Exped.—D&n. ambt-mand, senes- 
chal, castellan, constable, keeper of a 
castle. From Dan. ambd, an office. 
AMRY,s. A sort of cupboard. V. Aumrie. 
AMSCHACH, g. A misfortune, S.B. Ross. 
Ir. and Gael, anshogh, adversity, misery. 
AMSHACK,s. Noose; fastening;" probably 
the same with Ham-shackel, q. v. Gl. 
To AMUFF, r. a. To move ; to excite. 

Acts Ja. I. V. Amove. 
AN, And, conj. 1. If, S. "If, and An, 
spoils monyagude charter," S. Prov. Bar- 
bour. 2. Sometimes used as equivalent 
to E. although. W. Guthrie.— Su.G. aen, 
si, et; Isl. end, id. 
To AN, v. a. 1. To appropriate, to allot as 
one's own. Sir Tristrem. 2. To owe, to 
be indebted to. lb.— Su.G. egn-a, propri- 
um facere,from e</e»,proprius; A.S. agni- 
an, possidere, from agen, proprius. 
ANA, Anay, s. A river-island ; a holm. 

Roxb. Of doubtful origin. 
To ANALIE, v. a. To dispone ; to alienate ; 
a juridical term. Beg. Ma/. By trans- 
position from Lat. alien-are! 
ANALIER, g. One who alienates property, 
by transporting it to another country. 
Lat. alien-ator. Stat. Bob. I. 
To ANAME, v. a. To call over names, to 

muster. Wyntown. 
ANARLIE, adv. Only ; the same with 

Anerly,q. v. Acts Ja. V. 
To ANARME, Annarme, ». a. To arm. 
Acts Ja. I. 

ANCHOR-STOCK, s. A loaf made of rye ; 
the same with Anker-stock. Blackw. 

ANCIETY, Ancietie, s. Antiquity. Acts 
Cha. II. V. Auncietie. 

ANCLETH, Hancleth, s. The ancle. Gl. 

AND, conj. If. V.An. 

AND A', An a', adv. In S. this signifies, 
not everything, but, "in addition to what 
has been already mentioned ;" also ; be- 
sides ; as, 

" A villain cam' when I was sleeping, 
Sta' my ewie, horn and a'." 

Skinner's Ewie ivi' the Crooked Horn. 

ANDERMESS, s. V. Andyr's day. 
ANDYR'S-DAY, Androis Mess, Ander- 
mess, s. The day dedicated to St. An- 
drew, the Patron Saint of Scotland ; 
the 30th November. Jamieson's Pop. 
ANDLET, g. A very small ring ; a mail. — 

Fr. annelet. 
ANDLOCIS. Perhaps necklaces, bracelets, 

or ornaments generally. 
ANDREW, (The St.) A designation occa- 
sionally given to the Scottish gold coin, 
more properly called the Lyon. " The 
St. Andrew of Robert II. weighs gener- 
ally 38 gr., that of Robert III. 60 gr., 
and the St. Andrew or Lion of James II. 
48 gr. This continued the only device 
till James III. introduced the Unicorn 
holding the shield." Cardonnel's Num- 

ANDRIMESS-EWIN, s. The vigil of St. 
Andrew ; the evening before St. Andrew's 
Day. Chart, Aberbroth. 

ANE, ad/. One, S. Barbour.— Moes.G. ain; 
A.S. an,ane ; anc. Su.G. an ; mod. Su.G. 
en ; Isl. Germ, ein ; Belg. een, id. 

ANE, article, signifying one, but with less 
emphasis. Barbour. 

To ANE, v. n. To agree; to accord. Pret. 
anyd. Wyntown. — Germ, ein-en, concor- 
dare, convenire; Su.G. en-a, firmiter ali- 
quid proponere; Isl. eining, unio; Su.G. 
enig ; Germ, einig, concors. 

ANEAB1L, s. A single woman ; properly 
one who is used as a concubine. Beg. 
Maj. — O.Fr. anable, habile, capable, con- 
venable,from L.B. inhoMl-is,Yalde habilis. 
Gl, Roquefort. 

ANEDING, g. Breathing. V. Aynd, v. 

ANEFALD, adj. Honest; acting a faithful 
part; the same with Afald. Douglas. 

ANEIST, Aniest, Anist, prep, and adr. 
Next to. Ayrs. Roxb. Herd's Coll. V. 

ANELYD, part. pa. Aspired ; literally, 
panted for. Wyntown. — Fr. anhel-er, to 
aspire after; Lat. anhel-are, L.B. anel-are. 

ANELIE, adj. Sole; only. Acts Ja. V. 

ANELIE, adr. Only ; solely. R.Bruce. 



ANE MAE. One more. V. At axe mae 

ANENS, Anenst, Anent, Anentis, prep. 
1. Over against ; opposite to, S. Bar- 
bour. 2. Concerning, about, in relation 
to ; still used by old people, S. Acts j 
Ja. I. 3. Opposed to, as denoting a trial 
of vigour in bodily motion. 4. In a state 
of opposition to, in reasoning. Aberd. — 
Gr. avou-n, oppositum ; A.S. ongean, ex ad- 
verso. V. Fore-anent. 

To ANERD, Annere. V. Anherd. 

ANERY. A term occurring in a rhyme of 
children, used for deciding the right of 
beginning a game. Anery,twaery,tickery, 
seven, — Aliby, crackiby, &c. Blacku: 
Mag. — Teut. rije, rule, order, series. 
Anery, perhaps een-rije, one or first in 
order ; twa-rije, second in order, &c. 

ANERD ANCE* s. Retainers ; adherents. 
Act. Lorn. Cone. V. Anherdande. 

ANERLY, ANYRLY, adv. Only; alone; 
singly. Hence allanerly. Barbour. — A.S. 
anre, tantum ; Germ, einer, solus, from 
an and ein, unus. 

ANERLY, Anerlie, adj. Single ; soli- 
tary ; only. G. Buchanan. 

ANES, adv. Once. V. Anis, Anys. 

ANES ERRAND. Entirely on purpose ; 
with a sole design in regard to the object 
mentioned ; as, to gae, to come, to send 
anes errand, S. Equivalent to for the 
nonce. V. Ends Errand. 

ANETH, prep. Beneath, S. Burd. Min- 
strelsy. — A.S. on, in, and neothan, deorsum ; 
Isl. nedau, Belg. neden, Su.G. ned, id. 

ANEUCH, adr. (gutt.) Enough, S. Dunbar. 
— A.S. genog, genoh, satis, deduced by H. 
Tooke from genog-a M,multiplicare ;perhaps 
rather from' Moes.G. janoh, multi, many. 

ANEW, plur. of Aneuch, s. Enow. Wal- 
lace. V. Eneuch. 

ANEW, Anyau, adv. and prep. Below ; 
beneath. Aberd. From A.S. on, and 
neoth. V. Aneth. 

ANEWIS,s./>/. " Budding flowers," Tytler. 
King's Quair.- — Perhaps rings, from Fr. 
anneau, annulus. 

ANGELL-HEDE, s. The hooked or bar- 
bed head of an arrow. Wallace. — A.S., 
Dan., Germ, angel, a hook, an angle ; Teut. 
anghel, a sting, O.Teut. anghel-en, to sting. 

To ANGER, v. n. To become angry, S. 

To ANGER, v. a. To vex ; to grieve ; al- 
though not implying the idea of heat of 
temper or wrath. Lights and Shadows. — 
Isl. angra, dolore afficere. V. Angir. 

ANGERSUM,atf/. Provoking; vexatious, S. 

ANGIR, s. Grief; vexation. Wyntown. — 
Gr. a-yyys, grief; Isl. angr, dolor, moeror; 
Su.G., Isl. angra, dolore afficere, deduced 
by Ihre from aung-a, premere, arctare. 

ANGLE-BERRY,'. o. A fleshy excrescence, 
resembling a large strawberry, often grow- 
ing on the feet of sheep or cattle, S. 


ANGUS-BORE, s. A circular hole in a 
panel. V. Auwis-Bore. 

ANGUS DAYIS. Meaning doubtful. In- 

To ANHERD, Anerd, Annere, Enherd, 
v. n. To consent ; to adhere. Wyn- 
town. — A. S. anhraed, anraed, signifies 
coustans, concors, unanimis ; apparently 
from an, one, and raed, counsel. But I find 
O.Fr. enherdance rendered by Roquefort, 
adherence, attachment. Lat. inhaerere, 
to cleave, or stick fast in, or to, is therefore 
the more probable origin. 

ANHERDANDE, Anherden,s. A retainer; 
an adherent. Act. Audit. 

KKYT>,2>ret. Agreed. V. Ane, r. 

ANIE, 8. A little one. Kinross. Dimin. 
of S. ane, one. 

ANIEST, adr. or prep. On this side of. 
Ayrs. ; q. " on the nearest side." This is 
opposed to Adist, adiest, on that side. 
A.S. on neawiste, in viciuia, prope ad ; or 
on and neahst, proximus, from neah, near, 
E. nigh. 

AN YING, s. Perhaps the right of making 
hay on commons ; from Su.G. ann, foeni- 
secium, haymaking time. V. Roich. 

AN1MOSITIE,s. Firmness of mind; hardi- 
hood. Pitscottie. — Fr. animosite, firmness, 
courage, resolution. Cotgr. 

ANYNG, s. Agreement ; concord. Wyn- 

ANIS, Anys, Anes, A ins, adv. Once ; 
pron. as ainze, or yince, S. eenze, S.B. 
Douglas. The genit. of A.S. an, unus, 
one, anes, unius, also rendered semel, q. 
actio unius temporis. 

ANIS, Annis, s. pi. 1. Asses. Chron. 
S.P. 2. Metaphor, used for foolish fel- 
lows. Bannatyne P. — Fr. asne, Lat. asi- 
nus; Su.G. asna, Isl. esne, an ass. 

ANYS, the genit. of Ane, one. V. Anis. 

ANKERLY, «^r. Unwillingly. Selkirks. 
— Teut. engher, exactio,,&c. 

ANKER-SAIDELL, Hankersaidle, s. A 
hermit ; an anchorite. PhUotus. — A.S. 
ancer-setle, an anchorite's cell or seat, 
a hermitage ; from ancer, a hermit, Lat. 
anachoreta, Gr. ava^ai^Tvj?. 

ANKERSTOCK, s. A large loaf, of an ob- 
long form. The name is extended to a 
wheaten loaf, but properly belongs to one 
made of rye, S. Gl. Sibb. Q. an ancho- 
rite's stock, or supply ; or from some fan- 
cied resemblance to the stock of an anchor. 

ANLAS, s. Properly "a kind of knife or 
dagger usually worn at the girdle," as 
the term occurs in Chaucer ; but used to 
denote a pike fixed in the cheveron of a 
horse. Sir Gawan. — Franc, anelaz, ana- 
leze, adlaterale telum, from lez, latus, the 
side ; C.B. anglas, a dagger ; L.B. anela- 
cius, id. 

ANMAILLE, s. Enamel. V. Amaille. 

ANN, Annet, 8. A half-year's salary le- 
gally due to the heirs of a minister, in 



addition to what was due expressly, ac- 
cording to the period of his incumbency, 
S. Acts Cha. II. — Fr. annate, L.B. an- 

To ANNECT, r. a. To annex ; part. pa. 
annext, Lat. anmecto. Acts J a. VI. 

ANNEILL, s. Probably the old name for 

ANNERD AILL, s. The district now deno- 
minated Annandale. 

phrase, occurring in old deeds, as denoting 
everything in any way connected with 
possession of the right or property re- 
ferred to. Law Lat. annexis et con- 

ANNEXUM, 8. An appendage ; synon. with 
S. Pendicle. Lat. annex-us, appended, 

ANNIVERSARY, s. A distribution an- 
nually made to the clergy of any religious 
foundation, in times of Popery. L.B. an- 
niversarium. V. Daill-silver. 

ANNUALL, Annuell, Gkound-Annuall, 
s. The quit-rent or feu-duty that is 
payable to a superior every year, for 
possession or for the privilege of build- 
ing on a certain piece of ground, S. — Lat. 
annualis ; Fr. annuel yearly. 

ANNUELLAR, s. The superior who re- 
ceives the annuall or feu-duty for ground 
let out for building. V. Top Annuell. 

ANONDER, Anoner, prep. Under, S.B. 
Fife. Anunder, S.A. Teut. onder, id. A.S. 
m-undor edoras, in under, the roofs. 

To ANORNE, <t>. a. To adorn. Douglas. 
— L.B. inorn-are, Tertullian. 

ANSARS, 3. pi. " David Deans believed 
this,and many suchghostly encounters and 
victories, on the faith of the Ansars, or 
auxiliaries of the banished prophets." 
Heart Mid-Lothian.— O.Fr. anseor, juge, 
arbitre. Roquefort. 

ANSE, Anze, Ense, conj. Else, otherwise. 
Ang. — Allied perhaps to Su.G. annars, 

ANSENYE, s. A sign ; also a company of 
soldiers. V. Enseinyie. 

ANSTERCOIP, s. Meaning doubtful. V. 

ANSWIR, (Ansur) of, r. n. To pay, on a 
claim being made, or in correspondence 
with one's demands. Aberd. Reg. 

ANTEPEND, Antipend, s. A veil or 
screen for covering the front of an altar 
in some Popish churches, which is hung 
up on festival days. L.B. Antipend-ium, 

To ANTER, v. n. 1. To adventure, S.B. 
Ross. 2. To chance ; to happen, S.B. 
Journ. Lond. 3. In the form of a parti- 
ciple, or adjective, as signifying occa- 
sional, single, rare. An antrin ane, one 
of a kind met with singly and occasionally, 
or seldom, S. Ferguson. To be viewed 
as the same with Aunter, q.v. Perhaps 


rather allied to Isl. Su.G. andra, vagari, 
whence Dan. randre, Ital. andare, id. 

ANTERCAST, s. A misfortune; a mis- 
chance, S.B. Ross. Anter, or aunter, ad- 
venture, and cast, a chance, q. something 
accidental, a throw at random. 

ANTETEWME, s. " Antetune, antiphone, 
response." L. Hailes. Bannatyne P. 

ANTICAIL, .«. An antique ; a remnant of 
antiquity. Sir A. Balfour's Letters. — Ital. 
anticaglia, " all manner of antiquities, or 
old monuments." Altieri. 

ANTYCESSOR, Antecessowr, Anteces- 
tre, s. An ancestor; a predecessor ; Lat. 
antecessor. Wallace. 

ANTICK, s. A foolish, ridiculous frolic, 
S. In E. the person who acts as a buf- 

ANTRIN, adj. Occasional ; single ; rare. 
Perhaps from Isl. Su.G. andra, vagari, to 
stray, to wander. 

ANUNDER, prep. Under. V. Anonder. 

APAYN, part. pa. Provided ; furnished. 
Barbour. — Fr. appan-e, having received 
a portion, appan-er to give a portion ; 
L.B. apan-are, id. from pain ; Lat. pan-is, 
as originally denoting the supply of 
bread and other necessaries of life. 

APAYN, adv. 1. Reluctantly; unwilling- 
ly ; sometimes written distinctly, a payn. 
Barbour. 2. Hardly; scarcely. Wallace. 
3. It seems improperly used for in case. 
Wallace. 4. Under pain ; at the risk of. 
In editions, on payn. Wallace. — Fr. 
a peine, " scarcely ; hardly ; not without 
much ado." Cotqr. 

APARASTEVR, adj. Applicable; congru- 
ous to. — Allied, perhaps, to O.Fr. appa- 
roistre, to appear ; apareissant, appa- 

APARTE, s. One part. Act. Audit. 

To APEN, v. a. To open. To ken a' thing 
that apens and steeks, to be acquainted with 
everything, S. 

To APERDONE, r. a. To pardon. V. 

A PER SE, " An extraordinary or incom- 
parable person ; like the letter A by it- 
self, which has the first place in the al- 
phabet of almost all languages ;" Rudd. 
Chaucer, id. Douglas. 

APERSMAR, Apersmart, Apirsmart, 
adj. Crabbed; ill-humoured. Snell, cah- 
chie, S. synon. Douglas. — A.S. afor, afre, 
bitter, sharp ; Isl. apur, asper, (as apur- 
hylde, acre frigus) ; and A.S. smeorte, 
Su.G. smarta, pain. Haldorson remarks, 
that the Isl. term is also applied to one 
of austere manners. 

APERT, adj. Brisk; bold; free. Barbour. 
— Fr. appert, expert, prompt ; Lat. ap- 
parat-us, prepared. 

APERT, Appert, adj. Open ; avowed ; 
manifest. Pinkerton's Hist. Scot. — Lat. 
appert-us, open ; Fr. impers. v. 77 appert. 
it is apparent ; it is manifest. 




APERT. In apert, adr. Evidently; openly. 
Barbour. — Fr. apert, appert, open, evi- 
dent ; from appar-oir, Lat. appar-ere, to 

A PERTHE, Aperte, arZr. Openly; avow- 
edly. Act. Dom. Cone. — Lat. apertt, 

APERTLY, adr. Briskly ; readily. Bar- 
bour. V. Apert, ad}. 

APIEST, Apiece, con}. Although. V. 

APILL RENYEIS, s. pi. A string, or 
necklace of beads ; q. a rein or bridle of 
beads, formed like apples, Dunbar. 

APLACE, adr. Present, as opposed to 
being absent ; in this place. Clydes. 

APL1GHT, adv. Completely; O.E. apliht, 
Sir Tristrem. — A.S. on, aadpliht, pericu- 
lum, /i/ili/-'iu, periculo objicere se. 

APON, Apoun, prep. Upon, S. Barbour. 
— A.S. ufa, Su.G. uppa, insuper, and on. 

APORT, Aporte, s. Deportment ; car- 
riage. Wyntoicn. — Fr. apport, from ap- 
port-er, to carry ; Lat. ad, and port-are. 

To APPAIR, v. a. To injure; to impair, 
O.E. apeir. Detect. Q. Mary. — Fr. em- 
pir-er, id. V. Pare, v. 

To APPARDONE, Aperdone, v. a. To 
forgive; to pardon. Nicol Burne. 

APPARELLE, Apparyle, Apparaill, s. 
Equipage ; furniture for warfare ; prepara- 
tions for a siege, whether for attack or de- 
fence ; ammunition. Barbour. — Fr. appa- 
reil, provision, furniture, preparations for 

To APPELL, v. a. To challenge. Pit- 
scottie. — Fr.appel-er,to accuse,to impeach. 

To APPELL, v. n. To cease to rain. Ayrs. 
V. Uppil. 

APPEN FURTH. The free air ; q. an 
open exposure. Clydes. 

APPERANDE, Appearand, adj. Appa- 
rent. Aperand. Aberd. Reg. 

APPERANDE, s. Heir-apparent. ActsJa, 

APPERANLIE, adr. Apparently. Beas. 
between Crosraquell and J. Knox. 

APPILCARlE,'s. Meaning not known. 

APP1LLIS, s. pi. Rendered " apples " in 
Gl. to Poems 16th Century; "Jerusalem 
as appillis lay in heip"; but doubtful. 
Perhaps from Fr. appiler, to heap or pile 
together. Cotqr. 

APP1N, adj. Open,S. ComplayntS. Dan. 
aaben, apertus ; Isl. opna, foramen. 
Wachter derives Germ, offen, apertus, 
from auf, up. 

To APPIN,r.«. Toopen,S.O. Ol.8urv.Ayrs. 

To APPLEIS, Appless, v. a. To satisfy; 
to content ; to please. Wallace. Appar- 
ently from an obsolete Fr. v. of the form 
of applaire. 

APPLERINGIE, s. Southernwood, S. Gait. 
Artemisia abrotonum, Linn. — Fr. apile, 
strong, and auroune, southernwood, from 
Lat. abrotonum, id. 

APPLY, s. Plight; condition. Sir Egeir. 
— Fr. pit, state, habit. V. Ply. 

APPLIABLE, adj. Pliant in temper. 
Colkelbie Soic. 

APPONIT. Error for opponit; opposed. 
A", it It's Hist. 

To APPORT, r. a. To bring; to conduce. 
— Fr. apport-er, id. P. Bruce. 

APPOSIT, part. pa. Disposed ; willing. 
Aberd. Peg. — Lat. apposit-us, apt, fit. 

To APPREUE, Apprieve, t. a. To ap- 
prove. Douglas. — Fr. approuver, Lat. 

To APPRISE, v. a. To approve ; used as 
signifying a preference. Bellenden. — 
O.Fr. apret'ur, aprisier, evaluer,estimer ; 
Lat. appretiare. 

APPRISING, s. Esteem; value. Bellenden. 

APPRIS1T, part. pa. Valued ; prized. 
/>> llenden. 

APPROCHEAND, part. pa. Proximate ; 
in the vicinitv. BelUnden. 

To APPROPRE, Appropir, v. a. To ap- 
propriate. Act. Audit. Aberd. Peg. — 
Fr. approprier, id. 

APPUY, s. Support; a buttress; a rest. 
Keith's Hist. — Fr. id. 

APPUNCTUAMENT, s. A convention, or 
agreement, with specification of certain 
terms. Acts J a. V. 

To APPURCHASE, r. a. To obtain ; to 
procure. Pitscottie. 

To APUNCT, Appunct, v. v. To settle. 
Act. Dom. Cone. 

AR,ARE,a^r. Formerly ;also,early. V. Air. 

To AR, Are, Ere, v. a. To plough; to 
till, S.;to ear, E. Douglas. — Moes.G. av- 
ian, Su.G. aer-ia, Isl. er-ia, A.S. er-ian. 
Alem. err-en, Germ, er-en, Gr. ae-nv, Lat. 
ar-are. Ihre views Heb. yix ar-etz, 
earth, as the fountain. 

ARAGE, Arrage, Aryage, Auarage, 
Average, s. Servitude due by tenants, 
in men and horses, to their landlords. 
This custom is not entirely abolished 
in some parts of Scotland. " Arage and 
carriage " is a phrase still commonly 
used in leases. Skene. — L.B. averag-ium, 
from ater-ia, a beast for work; and this 
perhaps from Fr. ourre, work. 

ARAYNE, part. pa. Arrayed. Douglas. — 
O.Fr. arraye, id. 

To ARAS, Arrace, v. a. 1. To snatch or 
pluck away by force. Wyntoicn. 2. To 
raise up. Douglas. This sense is so dif- 
ferent from the former, that it might ra- 
ther seem to be put for arraise, q. to raise 
up. — Fr. arrach-er, to tear ; to pull by vio- 
lence ; to pull up by the roots, from Lat. 

ARBY, s. The sea-gilliflower, or sea-pink. 
Orkn. Neill. 

ARBY-ROOT, s. The root of the sea-pink, 
or Statice armeria. Orkn. Neill's Tour. 

ARBROATH PIPPIN, s. The name of 
an apple, S. V. Oslin Pippin. 




ARCH, Argh, Airgh, Ergh, (gutt.) adj. 

1. Averse ; reluctant ; often including 
the idea of timidity as the cause of reluc- 
tance^. Douglas. 2. Apprehensive; filled j 
with anxietyj S. Chaucer, erke, weary, 
indolent. Popul. Ball. — A.S. earg, desi- 
diosus,iners,slothful,sluggish ;ear/i, fugax, 
"timorous, and ready to run away for 
fear." Somn. Isl. arg-ur, reformidans; 
arg-r, piger, deses; Su.G. arg, ignavus. 
Among the Goths argur, L.B. arga, de- 
noted a poltroon, a coward. 

To ARCH, Argh, t. n. To hesitate; to be 
reluctant. V. Ergh, r. 

ARCHIE, s. Abbrev. of Archibald, S. 

ARCHIEDENE, s. Archdeacon. Acts 
Ja. VI. — Lat. archidiacon-us. 

ARCHIL AGH, Archilogh, Archilowe, s. 
The return which one who has been 
treated in an inn or tavern, sometimes 
reckons himself bound in honour to make 
to the company. When he calls for his 
bottle, he is said to give them his archi- 
iagh. Loth. South of S. Rob Boy. V. 
Lawin, Lauch. 

ARCHNES, Arghness, s. 1. Reluctance; 
backwardness. Wodroic. 2. Obliquely 
used for niggardliness, q. reluctance to 
part with anything. Legend Bp. St. An- 

ARCHPREISTRIE, Archiprestrie, s. 1. 
A dignity in collegiate churches during 
the time of Popery, next in rank to the 
dean, and superior to all the canons. 

2. Used as synon. with vicarage. Acts 
Cha. I. and Ja. VI. — Fr. arche-prestre, 
a head-priest. 

ARE, s. An heir. Act. Bom. Cone. V. Air. 

To AREIK, Arreik, v. a. To reach ; to 
extend. Douglas. — A.S. arecc-an, assequi, 
to get, to attain. 

AREIR,a(7c Back. To rin areir, to decline ; 
synon. with, to miscarry. Lyndsay. — Fr. 
arriere, backward ; Lat. a retro. 

AREIRD, adj. Confused ; disordered ; 
backward. V. Arier. 

To AREIST, Arreist, r. a. To stop ; to 
stay. Doug/as. — Fr. arest-er, id. 

AREIST, s. "Delay. But arreist; without 
delay. Douglas. 

ARE MORROW, adv. Early in the morn- 
ing. V. Air, adv. 

To AREND, r. n. To rear ; applied to a 
•horse when he throws back his forepart, 
and stands on his hind legs. Fife. — O.Fr. 
arriens, backward. 

ARENT, .«. Contraction for Annual rent. 
Acts Cha. I. 

ARER, s. An heir ; Areris, heirs. Act. 

ARESOUND,jm)-^. Perhaps, called in ques- 
tion ; Fr.aresoner, interroger,questionner, 
demander ; ratiocinari ; Gl. Roquefort. 
Areson is used by R. Brunne in the sense 
of persuade, or reason with. Sir Tristrem. 

AKETTYT, jxirt. pa. Accused,broughtinto 

judgment. Barbour. — L.B. rect-are, ret- 
are, arett-are, accusare, in jus vocare, Du 
ARGENT CONTENT. Ready money. Fr. 

argent comptant, id. Bellendt n. 
To ARGH, t.n. To hesitate. V. Arch and 

Ergh, r. 
ARGIE, s. Assertion in a dispute, the spe- 
cific plea which one uses in disputation, 
S.B. — Su.G. ierga, semper eadem obgan- 
nire. Isl. iarq-r, keen contention. 
To ARGIE-BARGIE, o. n. To contend. 
To ARGLE-BARGLE, Acrgle-Bargin, 
v. n. To contend, to bandy backwards 
and forwards, S. Argle-bargin, Loth. 
Eaggle-bargin, synon. Ramsay. — Isl. arg, 
enraged, jarg-a, to contend. 
ARG0L-BARG0L0US,«r7/. Quarrelsome ; 
contentious about trifles. Gait's Provost. 
To ARGONE, Argowxe, Argwe, Ar- 
gew, r. a. 1. To argue, to contend by 
argument. Bannatyne Poems. 2. To cen- 
sure, to reprehend, to chide with. WaU<ice. 
— Fr. arqu-er, Lat. argu-ere. 
ARGOSEEN, s. The lamprey, according to 
old people. Ayrs. ; q. having the een or 
eves of A rqus. 
ARGUESYN, s. The lieutenant of a gal- 
ley ; he who has the government and 
keeping of the slaves committed to 
him. Knox. — Fr. argousin, satelles remi- 
gibus regendis et custodiendis praeposi- 
tus, Diet. Trev. 
ARGUMENT, s. The subject of a version ; 
a piece of English dictated to boys at 
school for translation into Latin. Aberd. 
To ARGUMENT, r. a. To prove; to show. 
Crosragnel. — Lat. arqument-ari, to reason. 
ARIT, fret, of Ar. Tilled ; eared. V. Ar, 

Are, r. 
ARK, Meal-ark, s. A large chest ; espe- 
cially one used for holding corn or meal, 
S. Bannatyne Poems. A.S. arce, erce, a 
chest, a coffer ; Alem. area ; Su.G. ark; 
Lat. area : Gael. arc. Hence, 
Eel-Ark, s. That kind of a box which is 
placed in lakes, ponds, &c, for catching 
and retaining eels ; a term common in old 
ARK of a Mill. The place in which the 

centre-wheel runs, S. 
ARK-BEIN, the bone called the os Pubis, 

To ARLE, r. a. 1. To give an earnest of auy 
kind, S. 2. To give a piece of money for 
confirming a bargain, S. 3. To put a 
piece of money into the hand of a seller, 
at entering upon a bargain, as a security 
that he shall not sell to another while he 
retains this money, S. Skene. — L.B. arrh- 
are, arrhis sponsam dare, Fr. arrh-er, 
arr-er, to give an earnest. 
ARLES, Erlis, Arlis, Arlis-Penme, 
Ai rle-Penny, s. 1. An earnest of what- 
ever kind, a pledge of full possession, S. 
A.Bor. Wyntoicn. 2. A piece of money 


given for confirming a bargain, S. A.Bor. 
Acts Ja. IV. 'S. A piece of money put 
into the hands of a seller when one be- 
gins to cheapen any commodity ; as a 
pledge that the seller shall not strike a 
bargain, or even enter into terms with 
another while he retains the arles, S. In 
Scotland a servant who has been hired, 
and who has received arles, is supposed 
to have a right to break the engagement, 
if the earnest has been returned within 
twenty-four hours. This, however, may 
have no other sanction than that of cus- 
tom. — Lat. arrhabo, arrha, Gael, iarliis, id. 

ARLY, adc. Early. Barbour. — A.S. arlice, 

ARLICH, Arlitch, adj. Sore; fretted; 
painful, S.B. V. Arr. — Su.G. an/, iratus, 
arg-a, laedere, Dan. arrig, troublesome ; 
as we say, " an angry sore " ; or from Su.G. 
aerr, cicatrix, whence aerrig, vulneratus. 

ARMYN, Armyng, s. Armour ; arms. 

ARMING, s. Ermine. L.B. armin-ea, id. 
Coll. Inventories, A. 1561, p. 128. 

ARMLESS, adj. Unarmed ; without war- 
like weapons. Spalding's Troubles. 

ARMONY, s. Harmony. Douglas. 

ARMOSIE, adj. Of or belonging to Ormus. 
Inventories. V. Ormaise. 

ARN, s. The alder, a tree, S. Pronounced 
in some counties, q. arin. — C.B. uern, 
Arm. tern, guern, Gael, /earn, alnus. 

ARN, v. subst. Are, the third pers. plural ; 
Chaucer, am. Sir Gawan. — A.S. aron, 

ARNOT, s. Leg [lea] Arnot. A stone lying 
in the field, Aberd. ; q. earth-knot. 

ARNOT, s. The shrimp, a fish, Aberd. 

ARNS, s. pi. The beards of corn, S.B. 
synon. awns, Franc, am, spica. 

ARNUT, Lousy Arnot, s. Tall oat-grass 
or pignut ; Bunium bulbocastanum, or 
flexuosum, Linn. S. Yurnut, A.Bor. 
Lightfoot. — Corr. from earth-nut, Teut. 
aerdnoot, id. 

AROYNT thee. O.E. Shaksj)ere. V. Runt, v. 

ARON, s. The plant Wakerobin, or Cuc- 
koo's-pint. Arum maculatum, Linn., Te- 
viotd. ; Sw. arons-oert, id. 

ARORYS, Errors. Aberd. Beg. 

AROUME, adv. At a distance, so as to 
make way. A.S. rume, late', or rather 
rum, locus ; on rum. 

ARR, s. A scar, S. A.Bor. Pock-arrs, the 
marks left by the small-pox, S. Lancash. 
— Su.G. aerr, Isl. aer, cicatrix, a scar. 

To ARRACE. V. Aras. 

ARRAYED, part. adj. A term applied to 
a mare when in season, Fife. 

ARRAN-AKE, s. The speckled diver, Mer- 
gus stellatus, Brunnich. P. Luss, Dum- 
bartons. Statist. Ace, xvii. 251. 

ARRANGE, s. Arrangement. Acts Mary. 

ARRAS, Arress, s. The angular or sharp 
edge of a stone, log, or beam, Loth. 



ARRED, part. adj. Scarred ; having the 
marks of a wound or sore. Hence, Pock- 
arred, marked by the small-pox, S. — Dan. 
arred, cicatrized ; Isl. aerra, cicatrices 

ARREIR, adc. Backward. To ryn ar- 
reir, rapidly to take a retrograde course. 
Lyndsay. Chaucer, arere, id. — Fr. ar- 
riere; Lat. a retro. 

ARRONDELL, s. The swallow, a bird. 
Bur el. — Fr. arondelle, hiroudelle, from 
Lat. hirundo, id. 

ARROW, adj. Averse ; reluctant, Aberd.; 
the same with Arch, Argh, Sec. 

* ARSE, s. The bottom or hinder part of any- 
thing ; as, a sack-arse, the bottom of a sack. 

ARSE-BURD of a cart. The board which 
shuts in a cart behind. 

ARSECOCKLE, *•. A hot pimple on the 
face or any part of the body, S.B. The 
term seems originally to have been con- 
fined to pimples on the hips ; synon. 
with Teut. aers-bleyne, tuberculus in ano. 

ARSEENE, s. The quail. Houlate— A.S. 
aerschen, coturnix ; also, erschenn, from 
ersc and henn, q. gallina vivarii. 

ARSELINS, adv. Backwards ; adj. back- 
ward, Clydes. S.B. Boss. — Belg. acrsel-en, 
to go backwards ; aerseling, receding ; 
aerselincks, backwards. 

ARSELINS COUP, s. The act of falling 
backwards on the hams, Roxb. 

ARSE-VERSE, s. A sort of spell used to 
prevent the house from fire, or as an an- 
tidote to Arson, from which the term is 
supposed to be derived, Teviotd. Pro- 
bably borrowed from England. 

ARSOUN, s. Buttocks. Barbour. 

ART, Ard. This termination of many 
words, denoting a particular habit or 
affection, is analogous to Isl. and Germ. 
art, Belg. aart, nature, disposition ; as, E. 
drunkard, bastard; Fr. babillard, a stut- 
terer ; S. bombard, bumbart, a drone ; 
stunkart, of a stubborn disposition; hast- 
ard, hasty, passionate. 

ART and PART. Accessory to, or abet- 
ting, a forensic phrase, S. used in a bad 
sense. Art denotes the instigation or ad- 
vice. Part, the share that one has in the 
commission of a crime. Erskine. — The 
terms are frequently used in the way of 
discrimination, " Art or part." Wyn- 
town. Borrowed from the Lat. phrase, 
Artem et partem habuit. 

ART and JURE. Literature, philosophy, 
and jurisprudence. Acts Ja. IV. 

ARTAILYE, Artailue, Artallie, s. Ar- 
tillery ; applied to offensive weapons of 
what kind soever, before the introduction 
of fire-arms. Wallace. V. Artillied. 

ARTATION, s. Excitement ; instigation. 
Bellenden. — L.B. artatio, from arto for 
arcto, are, to constrain. 

ARTHURY'SHUFE,the name given to the 
constellation Arcturus. Douglas. V.Hoif. 




ARTY, Airtie, «<//. Artful; dexterous; in- 
genious, Aberd. Loth. — Teut. aerdigh, 
ingeniosus, solers, argutus; Dan. artig, 
id. ; Isl. artug-r, artificiosus. 

ARTILLIED, part. pa. Provided with 
artillery. PitscuUie. Fr. artUl-er, to 
furnish with ordnance. 

ARTOW. Art thou I used interrogatively, 
S. the verb and pronoun being often, in 
colloquial language, conjoined in Scottish, 
as in Germ, and Isl. Isl. ertu, id. King's 
Quair. Ertow, id. Ytcaine and Gawin. 

ARVAL, Arvil Supper, s. An entertain- 
ment after a funeral ; or rather when the 
heirs of the deceased enter on possession. 
Arri/f, a funeral. Arrill-Supper, a feast 
made at funerals, North. Grose. A r nil- 
bread, the loaves sometimes distributed 
among the poor. The term has evidently 
originated from the circumstance of this 
entertainment being given by one who 
entered on the possession of an inheri- 
tance ; from arf, hereditaa, and oel, con- 
vivium, primarily the designation of the 
beverage which we call ah . 

AS, con/. Than, S.; syn. with nor. Kelly. 

AS, Ass, A.8SE, A1.-1:, t. Ashes ; plur. assis, 
S. ass and aiss; A. I tor. ass, Cumberl. esse, 
ill. Dunbar. — Mocs.G. asja, Alem, asea, 
Germ, and Belg. asehe, Su.G. and Isl. 
</.-•/<<, cinis. 

ASCENSE, s. Ascent. Poems 16th Cent. 
Lat. ascens-io. 

ASCHET, s. A large flat plate on which 
meat is brought to the table, S. — Fr. as- 
si tte, " a trencher-plate." Cotgr. 

To ASCRIVE, Ascriue, Ascryve, r. a. 
1. To ascribe. Bollock. 2. To reckon; to 
account. Acts Ja. VI. — Fr. adscrire, to 
enroll, register, account, &c. Cotgr. 

ASEE, s. The angle contained between the 
beam and the handle on the hinder Bide 
of a plough, Orkn. Synon. Nick. 

ASHIEPATTLE, s. A neglected child, 
Shetl. Perhaps from Isl. aska, ashes, and 
patti, a little child ; a child allowed to lie 
among the ashes. 

ASHYPET, adj. Employed in the lowest 
kitchen-work, Ayrs. V. Assipet. 

ASH-KEYS, Ashen-Key, s. The seed-ves- 
sels of the ash, S. Tales of my Landlord. 

ASHLAR, adj. Hewn and polished ; ap- 
plied to stones. Spalding. — Fr. aisseUe, 
a shingle, q. smoothed like a shingle. 

ASIDE, s. One side. Ich aside, every side. 
Sir Tristn m. 

ASIDE, prep. Beside ; at the side of an- 
other. TannahilVs Poems. It seems formed 
q. on side, like E. away. 

ASIL, Asil-Tooth, s. The name given to 
the grinders, or dentes molares; the teeth 
at the extremity of the jaw, Roxb. 

ASYNIS, s. pi. Asses, Bellenden.—Tr. 
asne, Lat. asin-us. 

ASK, Awsk, s. An eft ; a newt ; a kind of 
li^rd, S; oefcr, A.Bor, Wyid'^ni,— 

Germ. e'ulechs,eidex; Franc, edchsa; A.S. 
athexe ; Belg. egdisse, haagdisse, id. 
Wachter deduces the Germ, word from 
e H> e 9t ovum, and tyg-en, gignere, q. 
" produced from an egg." 

ASK, s. The stake to which a cow is tied, 
by a rope or chain, in the byre, Caithn. — 
Isl. as; Su.G. a«s, a pole, staff, or beam. 

* To ASK, r. a. To proclaim two persons in 
the parish church, in order to marriage ; to 
publish the bans, Aberd. Loth. Syn. Cm. 

ASKLENT, Asclent, Asklint, adv. Ob- 
liquely ; asquint ; on one side, S. Aslant, 
E. Burns, H. Bruce. — Swed. slant, ob- 
liquus, from slind, latus. 

ASKOY, adr. Asquint ; obliquely, Kirk- 
cudbright. — E. Askew, Su.G. skef, id. from 
ska, sko, disjunctive particle. 

ASLEY. Horses in asley, are horses be- 
longing to different persons, lent from one 
to another, till each person's land is 
ploughed, Orkn. 

ASP AIT, adr. In flood, Clydes. Mar- 
maiden of Clyde. 

To ASP ARE, r. a. To aspire. Aberd. Beg. 

ASPECT, s. The serpent called the asp, 
or aspik. Burel. — Fr. aspic. 

ASPERANS, adj. Lofty ; elevated ; pomp- 
ous, applied to diction. Wallace. — Fr. 
axpvrant, Lat. aspirans, aspiring. 

ASl'KRT, adj. Harsh; cruel. Ring** 
Quair. — Fr. aspre, Lat. asper, id. 

ASPYNE, s. From the connexion, appa- 
rently meant to denote a boat. Barbour. 
— Swed. esping, a long boat, Teut. fces- 
pingh , espinck, cymba, a small boat. 

&.SFQSlT > Disposed. Aberd, Beg. 

ASPRE, adj. Sharp. V. Aspert. Wallace. 

ASPRESPER, s. Perhaps q. " sharp 
spear ;" like aspre bow, also used by 
Blind Harry. Wallace. — Fr. asper, dur, 
rude, baton noueux. Gl. Roquefort. 

ASI'RIANCE,s. V. Asi-kkans. 

To ASS, 9. a. To ask. Heurysone. — Germ. 
eisch-en, Fran, eiscon, id. 

ASS, s. Ashes. V. As. 

ASSAYIS, s. Assize ; convention. 11'.'//'- 

To ASSAILYIE, r. a. To attack ; to as- 
sail. Wallace. — Fr. assaill-ir; L.B. ad- 
?<i/-'/r< . assal-ire, invadere, aggredi. 

ASSAL-TEETH, s. pi. The grinders. V. 

ASSASSINAT, s. An assassin ; an impro- 
per use of the Fr. word denoting the act 
of murder. Law's Memorialh. 

ASSEDAT, pret . Gave in lease. Aberd. 7? < g. 

ASSEDATION, s. 1. A lease ; a term sti'll 
commonly used in our legal deeds, S. 
Balfour. 2. The act of letting in lease. 
— L.B. assedatio. Chalmerlan. Air. 

To ASSEGE, v. a. To besiege. Wyntown. 
— Fr. assieg-er, L.B. assidiare, obsjdere ; 
from Lat. ad. and sedeo. 

ASSEGE, s. Siege. Wynt&m. 

'To ASSEMBLE, 9, n. 'To join in b 




Wyntown. — Fr. assembl-er, from Su.G. 
saml-a, Germ, saml-en, Belg. zamel-en, 
congregare ; from Su.G. and Germ, sam, a 
prefix denoting association and conjunction 

ASSEMBLE, s. Engagement; battle. Wyn- 

ASSENYHE, s. The word of war. Corr. 
from Ensenyie, q. v. Barbour. 

ASSHOLE, s. 1. The place for receiving 
the ashes under the grate. 2. A round 
excavation in the ground, out of doors, 
into which the ashes are carried from the 
hearth, Mearns. S. Lancash. esshole, as- 
liole, id. Tim Bobbin. V. As. 

ASSIE, adj. Abounding with ashes, Loth. 
V. As, Ass. 

ASSIEPET, *. A dirty little creature; 
syn. with Skodgie, Roxb., q. one that 
is constantly soiled with ashes, or ass; 
like a pet that lies about the fireside. V. 
Ashypet, and Ashiepattle. 

To ASSIG, r. n. Probably an error for 
Assign. If not perhapsfrom O.Fr. atteg- 
ier, i'aire asseoir, poser, placer. 

ASSILAG, s. The stormy petrel, a bird ; 
Procellaria pelagica, Linn. Martin. Per- 
haps from Gael, easoal, Ir. eashal, a storm. 

ASSILTRIE, s. An axle-tree. Douglas. 
— Fr. asseul, Ital. assile, axis. 

To ASSING, r. a. To assign. Aberd. Reg. 

To ASSYTH, Assyith, Syjth, Sitiii:. p. a. 
To make a compensation to another ; to 
satisfy, O.E. asseeth,asseth, id. ActsJa. 1. 
— Lat. ad, and A.S. slthe, vice. Skinner. 
Rather from Su.G. and I si. saett-a, conci- 
liare ; reconciliare. Ir. and Gael, sioth- 
am, to make atonement. 

ASSYTH, Assythment, Syth, Sithbment, 
.". Compensation ; satisfaction ; atone- 
ment for an offence. Assythment is still 
used as a forensic term, S. O.E. aseeth, 
Wiclif. Wyntoicn. This word is still in 
use in our courts of law, as denoting sa- 
tisfaction for an injury done to any party. 
Su.G. saett, reconciliation, or the fine paid 
in order to procure it. 

To ASSOILYIE, r. a. 1. To acquit; to 
free from a charge or prosecution ; a fo- 
rensic term much used in our courts, S. 
Reg. Mnj. 2. To absolve from an eccle- 
siastical censure ; as from excommunica- 
tion. Bellenden. O.E. assoil, asoilen, and 
asoul, denote the absolution by a priest. 
P. Ploughman. 3. To pronounce absolu- 
tion from sin, in consequence of confession. 
Abp. Hamiltoun. 4. To absolve from 
guilt one departed, by saying masses for 
the soul ; according "to the faith of the 
Romish church. Barbour. 5. Used im- 
properly, in relation to the response of 
an oracle ; apparently in the sense of re- 
solving what is doubtful. Douglas. 6. Also 
used improperly, as signifying to unriddle. 
Z. Boya, — O.Fr. asso He, absoille, decharge', 
{ibsous, despens^, Gl, Roquefort, Corr. 
from Lat. QotQh 

To ASSONYIE, Essonyie, v. a. 1. To of- 
fer an excuse for absence from a court of 
law. Stat. K. Will. 2. Actually to ex- 
cuse ; the excuse offered being sustained. 
Quon. Attach. 3. To decline the combat; 
to shrink from an adversary. Wallace. 
— O.E. asoyned, excused. R. Glouc. Es- 
soin e, a legal excuse. Chaucer. V. Es- 
soxyie, s. — Fr. essoyner, exon-ier, to ex- 
cuse from appearing in court, or going to 
the wars. Su.G. son-a, Germ, sun-en, to 
reconcile, to explain; Moes.G. sunj-an, 
to justify. 

ASSOPAT, part. )><(. At an end; put to 
rest ; laid aside. Acts Cha. I. — Fr. assop- 
ir, to lay asleep, to quiet. Cotgr. 

ASSURANCE, s. 1 . To take assurance of an 
enemy ; to submit ; to do homage, under 
the condition of protection. Complaynt 
S. 2. This word, of old, was the same 
with Laicborrou-s now. Spottiswoode. — Fr. 
dormer assurement, fidem dare; L.B. as- 
secur-are, from Lat. ad and secur-us. 

AST, pret. r. Asked. Poems I6tk Century. 

To ASTABIL, r. a. To calm ; to compose ; 
to assuage. Douglas. — O.Fr. establir, to 
establish, to settle. 

ASTALIT, part. pa. Decked, or set out. 
(rawon and Got. — Fr. estail-er, to display; 
to show. 

To ASTART, Asteut, r. n. 1. To start; 
to fly hastily. 2. To start aside from ; to 
avoid. King's Quair. — Tent, stcrt-ot, to 
fly ; Germ, starz-en, to start up. 

ASTEER, adc. 1. In confusion ; in a bust- 
ling state, S. q. on stir. Riison. 2. Used 
as equivalent to abroad, out of doors ; as, 
" Ye 're air asteer the day," You are early 
abroad to-day, S. 

To ASTEIR, r. a. To rouse ; to excite ; to 
stir. Poems N'.*/. , nth Cent. — A.S.astyr-iau, 

ASTENT,s. Valuation. Act. Audit. Here 
we see the first stage from Extent to Stent. 
V. Stent, e. 1 . 

ASTERNE, adj. Austere ; severe ; having 
a harsh look, Roxb. Dou<). Virg. 

ASTIT, Astet, Astid, adv. ' 1. Rather; as 
astit better, rather better; astit teas, rather 
was; " I would astit riu the kintry," I 
would rather banish myself, Lanarks. 
Ayrs. Dumfr. 2. Astid, as well as, 

ASTRE, s. A star, Fr. Chron. S. Poet. 

ASTREES, .-. The beam of a plough, Orkn. 
Perhaps from Isl. as, and tre, lignum. 

* To'ASTRICT, r. a. To bind legally; a law 

term. ActsJa. VI. 
ASTRIKKIT, part. pa. Bound ; engaged. 

Bellenden. — Lat. astrict-us, id. 
ASWAIP, adv. Aslant, Ettr. For. Of the 

same kindred with A.S. swap-an, svceop- 

an, verrere ; Su.G. sicep-a, vagari, 
A-SWIM, adv. Afloat. Spalding, 
AT, conj. ' That; O.E. id, Gowef. Barbour, 




Dan. and Swed. at, quod ; Su.G. att, a 
conjunction corresponding to Lat. ut. 

AT, pron. That; which; what; that which. 

* AT, prep. In full possession of, especially 
in reference to the mind, S. V. Himsell. 

ATALL,atfi\ " Altogether," Rudd. Per- 
haps ; at best ; at any rate. Douglas. 

AT ANE MAE WI 'T. At the last push ; 
q. about to make one attempt more as the 
last, Ettr. For. Perils of Man. 

ATANIS, Attanis, Atanys, Atonis, adv. 
At once; S. at ainze. V. Anis, Anys. 
Gawan and Gol. 

AT A' WILL. A vulgar phrase signifying, 
to the utmost that one can wish. 

AT E'EN. In the evening. Saturday at 
e'en; Saturday evening. Guy ManneHng. 

ATCHESON, Atchison, s. A billon coin, 
or rather copper washed with silver, struck 
in the reign of James VI., of the value of 
eight pennies Scots, or two-thirds of an 
English penny. Rudd. From the name 
of the then assay-master of the mint. 

ATHARIST, Houlate, lii. 10. V. Citha- 


ATHE, Ami, Aythe, s. An oath ; plur. 
otitis. Barbour. — Moes.G. aith, A.S. ath, 
Precop. eth, Isl. aed, Su.G. ed, Dan. and 
Belg. ecd, Aleni. and Germ, eid, id. 

ATHER,com/. Either. B.Bruce. V.Athir. 

ATHER, s. An adder, Clydes. 

ATHER-BILL, 5. The dragon-fly, Clydes. 

ATHER-, or Natter-cap, s. The dragon- 
fly, Fife. 

A' THE TEER, A' that e'er. Scarcely ; 
with difficulty ; corr. of all that ecer. 

ATHIL, Athill, Hathill, adj. Noble ; 
illustrious. Houlate. — A.S. aethel, nobilis; 
whence Aetheling, Atheling, a youth of the 
blood-royal ; Su.G. add, id. ; adling, ju- 
venis nobilis; deduced from ancient Gothic 
aett, kindred. C.B. eddyl is also equiva- 
lent to Lat. gens, cognatio. 

ATHIL, Hathel, s. A prince ; a noble- 
man ; an illustrious personage ; plur. 
athilles, (erroneously achilles,) hatheUs. 
V. the adj. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. 

ATHIR, Athyr, Ather, j?ron. 1. Either; 
whichsoever. Wyntown. 2. Used in the 
sense of other. 3. Mutual ; reciprocal. 
Bellenden. — A.S. aegther, uterque. V. 

ATHOL BROSE, s. Honey mixed with 
whisky. It is used sometimes in the 
Highlands as a luxury, and sometimes as 
a specific for a cold, S. Meal is occasion- 
ally substituted for honey. Heart Mid- 

ATHORT, prep. 1. Through. 2. Across, S.; 
athwart, E. Baillie. V. Thortour. 

ATHORT, adv. Abroad ; far and wide. 

ATHOUT, prep, and ad r. Without, Fife. 
V. Bethout. 

ATHRAW, a(£r. Awry, Ayrs. Dumfr. The 

SillerGun. From a, or rather A.S. on, and 
ihrawan, torquere. 
ATICAST, s. A silly, helpless, odd sort of 

person, Shetl. — Isl. atkast, insultatio. 
ATIR, Eatir, s. Gore ; blood mixed with 
matter coming from a wound. Douglas. 
— A.S. ater, aetter, aettor; Alem. eitir, 
Isl. and Germ, eiter, Su.G. etter, venenum; 
from Alem. eit-en, to burn. 

ATO, adr. In twain. Sir Tristrem. A.S. 
on twa, in duo. 

ATOMIE, s. A skeleton, S. ; evidently 
corr. from anatomy. 

ATOUR, s. Warlike' preparation. Barbour. 
Fr. atour, attire. 

ATOUR, Attoure,;^. 1. Over,S. Wcd- 
lace. 2. Across, S. Wallace. 3. Beyond, 
as to time; exceeding. Quon. Attach. 
4. Exceeding in number. Wyntown. 5. 
In spite of; as, " I'll do this attour ye " — 
in spite of you. — Fr. a tour, en tour, au 
tour, circum ; or Su.G. at, denoting mo- 
tion towards a place, and oefwer, over. 

ATOUR, Attour, adv. 1. Moreover, By 
and attour, id. Laws, S. Pitscottie. 2. 
Out from, or at an indefinite distance 
from the person speaking, or the object 
spoken of. Douglas. To stand attour, 
to keep off; to go attour, to remove to 
some distance, S. 

By and Attour, prep. Besides ; over and 
above, S. Spa/dim/. 

ATRY, Attrie, adj. 1. Purulent; con- 
taining matter ; applied to a sore that 
is cankered, S. B. Bruce. 2. Stern ; 
grim, S.B. ; attern, fierce, cruel, snarling, 
Glouc. V.Atir, Eatir. Boss. 3. Peevish; 
fretful ; an atrie wambliu, a fretful, mis- 
grown child. — Belg. etter ig, full of matter; 
eiter-en, to suppurate. 

ATRYS, s. pi. Perhaps from Fr. atour, a 
French hood. Watson's Coll. 

ATRYST, s. Appointment; assignation. 
Dunbar. V. Tryst. 

ATTAMIE,s. A skeleton, S. Abbreviated 
from Fr. anatomic 

To ATTEICHE, r. a. To attach. L.L. 
passim. Acts J a. VI. 

ATTEILLE, Atteal, Attile, s. Appa- 
rently the wigeon ; being distinguished 
from the teed. Acts Ja. VI. Isl. t'mlld-r, 
turdus marinus. 

ATTELED, part. pa. Aimed. Sir Gawan 
and Sir Gal. V. Ettle. 

ATTEMPTAT, s. A wicked or injurious 
enterprise. Bellenden. — L.B. aUemptat-io, 
nefaria molitio, scelus; Gall, attentat; Du 

ATTEMPTING, s. Perpetration, commis- 
sion, with of subjoined ; used in a bad 
sense ; synon. with Attemptat. ActsJa. 

To ATTENE, 1: n. To be related to. Acts 
Ja. VI. V. Affectioun. Fr. s'attenir a, 
to be joined in consanguinity with. 


ATTENTLIE, adv. Attentively. Keith's 

ATTENTIK, adj. Authentic. Aberd. Reg. 

ATTER-C AP, Attir-cop, s. 1 . A spider, S. 
Attercop, attercob, id. A.Bor. Montgomery. 
2. An ill-natured person ; one of a viru- 
lent or malignant disposition, S. — A.S. at- 
tcr-coppe, atter-coppa, aranea, from otter, 
venenum, and coppe, calix, q. " a cup full 
of venom"; like Isl. eitrorm, a serpent, i. e. 
" a poisonous worm.'' 

ATTIR, s. Proud flesh, or purulent matter 
about a sore, Aberd.; the same with Atir, 
q. v. Douglas. 

ATTIVILTS, s. Arable ground lying one 
year lea, Shetl. V. Avil and Awat. 

ATTOUR, prep. V. Atour. 

ATWA, adv. In two, Clydes. 

ATWEEL, At well, adv. Truly ; assur- 
edly ; from / wat weel ; that is, I wot 
well. Boss. It is sometimes abbrev. to 

ATWEEN, prep. Between, S. V.Atweesii. 

ATWEESH, prep. 1. Betwixt; between. 
2. Denoting the possession of any quality, 
or relation to any particular state ; in a 
middling way, Aberd. Atween is used in 
the same sense. Atween the twa, id., as, 
" How are ye the day 2" — " Only atween 
the twa" that is, only so so, in respect of 
health, S. These are often conjoined ; as, 
Ativeesh and atieeen, so so, Aberd. Franc. 
tuise, entuischan ; Belg. tuschen, between. 
Home Tooke says, that E. betwixt, is 
the imperative be, and the Gothic (*. e. 
Moes.G.) twos, or two. Divers. ofPurley. 

AU, inter], 1. Used like E. ha, as expressive 
of surprise, S. Dan. au, oh, expressive of 
pain. 2. As augmenting the force of an 
affirmation or negation ; as, Au aye, O 
yes ; Au na, no, Aberd. In counties 
towards the south, or on is used instead 
of au. 

AVA', adv. 1. Of all; as denoting arrange- 
ment or place, in connexion with first or 
last,?,. 2. At all, S. Ross. Com from o/ 
or of, and all. 

AVAIL, Avale, s. 1. Worth ; value. Acts 
Ja. VI. 2. Means ; property. Stewart's 
Abridgm. S. Acts. 

AVAILL,s. Abasement; humiliation. Dun- 
bar. — Fr. aval-er, avall-er, to fall down ; 
aval, en descendant, au bas, en bas ; ad 
Tall-em. Gl. Roquefort. 

AVAILLOUR,s. Value. Fr. valeur. V. 

AVAL, 8. The same with Avil, Dumfr. 

To AUALE, v. n. To descend. V. Availl. 

To AUALK, v. n. To watch. Nicol Burne. 
— A.S. awaecc-an, vigilare. 

AVALOUR, s. Avail. Acts Mary. 

To AVANCE, r. a. To advance. Keith App. 
— Fr. aranc-er, id. 

AVANCEMENT, s. Advancement, Fr. 
Acts Ja. VI. 



AVAND, part. pr. Owing ; v being used 
for w, and vice versa. Act. Dom. Cone. 

AUANT, Awant, .«. Boast; vaunt; Chaucer, 
id. Douglas. 

A VANTAGE, s. V. Evantage. 

AVANTCURRIER, s. One of the forerun- 
ners of an army, the same, perhaps, that 
are now called picquet-guards. Godscroft. 
— Fr. avautcoureur, from avant, before, 
and courir, to run. 

AUCHAN, Achan, s. A species of pear 
of an excellent kind, and which keeps 
well ; of Scottish origin. Neill. 

AUCHINDORAS, s. A large thorn-tree at 
the end of a house, Fife. 

AUCHLET, from audit eight, and lot part, 
as fir-( fie ird, fourth)-/of is the fourth part 
of a boil. At two pecks to the stone, the 
Auchlet is merely the half of the firlot, 
or the audit lot or portion of a boll. Suppt. 

AUCHLIT, s. Two stones weight, or a 
peck measure, being half of the Kirk- 
cudbright bushel, Galloway. l>ict. 

AUCHT, Awcht, (gutt.) pret. of Aw. 1. 
Possessed. Auht, id. R. Brunne. Wyn- 
town. 2. Owed ; was indebted, id. R. 
Brunne. Wyntown. 

AUCHT, (gutt.) v. imp. Ought ; should. 
Douglas. Auchten occurs in the same 
sense. Douglas. — A.S. aht-on, the third 
pers. plur. pret. of A.S. ag-an, possi- 

AUCHT, .<;. Possession; property; what is 
exclusively one's own. In aw my audit, in 
my possession ; viewed at its utmost ex- 
tent, S. Bannatyne Poems. — A.S. edit, 
Moes.G. aigin, aihn, peculiaris ac propria 
possessio. V. Best Aucht. 

Bad Aught, s. A bad property ; applied 
to an obstinate, ill-conditioned child, S. 

Bonny Aught, s. A phrase applied to one 
contemptuously, S.B. Ross. 

To AUCHT, v. a. 1. To own ; to be the 
owner of, Aberd. 2. To owe ; to be in- 
debted to ; used in a literal sense. This 
verb is evidently used in two different 
senses. V. Aigh and Aight. 

AUCHT, part. pa. Owed. 

AUCHT, (gutt.) ad j. Eight, S.; auhte, O.E. 
id. R. Brunne. Wyntown.— Moes.G. aht- 
au, A.S. eaht-a, Germ, dht, Belg. adit, Isl. 
and Su.G. att-a, Gael, ocht, Lat. oct-o. 

AUCHTAND, Auchten, adj. The eighth. 
Isl. aatunde, octavus. Douqlas. 

AUCHTIGEN, Auchtikin, s. The eight 
part of a barrel, or a half firkin, Aberd. 
From audit, eight, and ken or kin, the 
Teut. termination used in the names of 

AUCTARY, s. Increase ; augmentation. 
Craufurd's Un iv. Edin. — Lat. auctari-um, 
advantage ; overplus. 

AUCTENTY, adj. Authentic. ActsJa. V. 

AUDIE, s. A careless or stupid fellow. Gl. 
Surv. Nairn. Probably allied to Isl. and, 
Su.G. od, off?, Teut. ond, facilis, inanis; q. 



a man of an easy disposition, who may be 
turned any way. 
To AVEY, v. n. Perhaps to see to ; to at- 
tend to ; to advocate. Act. Dom. Cone. 
AVENAND, adj. Elegant in person and 
manners. Gaican and Gol. — Fr. adcenant, 
avenant, handsome ; also, courteous. 
AVENTURE, g. 1. Chance ; accident. 2. 
Mischance. V. Aunter. In arenture, 
adv. Lest ; perchance. Bellenden. — Fr. 
a Vaventure, d'arenture, perchance. 
AVER, Avir, Aiver, s. 1. A horse used for 
labour; a cart-horse, S. Bellenden.^ 2. An 
old horse ; one that is worn out with la- 
bour, S. Dunbar. This, although now the 
common signification, is evidently im- 
proper, from the epithet auld being fre- 
quently conjoined. 3. A gelded goat, S. 
Stat. Ace. V. Hebrux..— L.B. aferi,affri, 
jumenta vel cavalli colonici ; areria, are- 
rii, equi, boves, jumenta. Du Cange. V. 
AVERENE. Meaning doubtful. Expl. 
Perhaps money payable for the entry of 
oats ; from aver, oats. 
AVERIE, s. Live stock, as including 
horses, cattle, &c. V. Aver, etymon, sense 
AVERIL, g. Apparently a diminutive from 

aver, a beast for labour. Dunbar. 
AVERILE, Avyryle, s. April. Wyntou-n. 
AVERIN, Averen, Aiverin, g. Cloudberry 
or knoutberry, S. Rubus chamaemorus, 
Linn.; eaten as a dessert in the north of 
S. Boss. — Perhaps from Germ, aver, wild, 
and en, a term now applied in Su.G. to 
the berry of the juniper ; Gael. oieWrac, 
AVERTIT, part. pa. Overturned. Bel- 
lenden— Fr. ecert-ir, Lat. evert-ere, to 
AUFALD, adj. Honest. V. Afald. 
AUGHIMUTY, Auchimuty, adj. Mean ; 
paltry; as, an auchimuty body, Loth. Per- 
haps from icac, waac, wacc, weak, and 
mod, mind, ?. e. weak-minded. 
AUGHT, s. Of aught, of consequence ; of 
importance, Ayrs. Galfs Ann. of the 
AV GUT, part. pa. Owed. Act. Dom. Cone. 
AUGHTAND, part. pr. Owing. Acts 

Ch a. I. 
AVIL, s. The second crop after lea or grass, 

Galloway. V. Aw at. 
AVILLOUS, adj. Contemptible ; debased. 
Chron. Scot. P. — Fr. arili, ie,m contemp- 
tionem adductus. Diet. Tree. 
AUISE, s. Advice; counsel. Avis, Chau- 
cer; arys, R. Brunne; Fr. aris. Douglas. 
AVYSE, Awise, s. Manner; fashion. Dou- 
glas. — A.S. msa, wise, Alem. mils, iiuisa, 
Belg. wijse, modes, manner; with the com- 
mon A.S. prefix a. 
To AVISE, v. n. To deliberate ; to advise. 
Keith's Hist. — Fr. aris-er, to consider, to 
advise of. 


AUISION,s. Vision; Chaucer, id. Douglas. 
— Fr. aeision, vision, fantaisie. Gl. Roque- 
AUISMENT, 8. Advice ; counsel. Pari. 

Ja. I. — Fr. arisement, id. 
AUKWART, Awkwart, prep. Athwart ; 

across. Wallace. 
AULD,?. Age. Abp.Hamiltoun. — A.S.aeld, 

senectus, Moes.G. aids, aetas. V. Eild. 
AULD, adj. Old. V. Ald. 
AULD-AUNTIE, g. The aunt of one's fa- 
ther or mother, Clydes. V. Auld-father. 
AULD-FATHER, a. A grandfather; a term 
used by some in the west of S. — A.S. eold- 
faeder, Belg. oud-radcr, avus ; Dan. olde- 
vader, a great-grandfather. 
AULDFARREN, Auld-farrand, adj. Sa- 
gacious, S. ; audfarand, id. A.Bor. Ram- 
say. — Moes.G. aid, old, and Swed. far-a, 
Germ, far-en, experiri ; Svrei.faren, Isl. 
farinn, peritus ; Belg. aerraaren, skilful. 
AULD-HEADIT, adj. Shrewd ; saga- 
cious, Clydes. Syn. Lanq-headit. 
AULD LANGSYNE. A' very expressive 
phrase, referring to days that are long 
past, S. V. under Syne. 
AULD-MOU'D, adj. Sagacious in dis- 
course ; sometimes implying the idea of 
craft, S.B. Ross. — From auld, old, and 
mou' or mow, the mouth. 
AULD SOOCH. V. under Souch, s. 
AULD THIEF, g. One of the designations 

given to the devil. Perils of Man. 
AULD THREEP, s. A superstition, Dumf. 

V. Threpe. 
AULD-UNCLE, g. The uncle of one's 

father or mother, Clydes. 
AULD-WARLD, adj. Antique ; antiquated, 
S. Ferguson. — From auld, old, and world, 
AULD YEAR. To "wauke the auld year 
' into the neu-J is a popular and expressive 
phrase for watching until twelve o'clock 
announces the new year, when people are 
ready at their neighbours' houses, with 
het pints and buttered cakes, eagerly wait- 
ing to be first-foot, as it is termed, and to 
regale the family yet in bed. Much care 
is taken, that the persons who enter, be 
what are called sonsiefolh; for on the ad- 
mission of the first-foot depends the pros- 
perity or trouble of the year." CromeFs 
Nithsdale Song. V. Het-pint. 
AULIN. Scouii-aidin, Dirty Aulin, the 
arctic gull, Orkn. Loth. Pennant. V. 
Scouti- Aulin, and Skaitbird. 
AULNAGER, .«. Apparently a legal mea- 
surer of cloth. Acts Ja. VI. — From Fr. 
aulnage, measuring with an ell, aulne, 
L.B. atna, an ell. 
AULTRAGES, Aulterages, The emo- 
luments arising from the offerings made 
at an altar, or from the rents appointed 
for the support of it. Spotswood. — L.B. 
(dtarag-ium, cdterag-inm, obventio altaris. 
Du Came. 

A'UM 2 

AUMERIL, s. 1. One who has little un- 
derstanding or method in his conduct. 
2. Often applied to a mongrel dog ; per- 
haps from his having no steady power of 
instinct, Selkirks. 

AUMERS, s. pi. Embers. V. Ajieris. 

AUMOUS, Aumis, s. An alms, S. V. 

AUMRIE, Awmrie, ft i A large press or 
cupboard, where food and utensils for 
housekeeping are laid up. Heart Mid- 
Loth. — Fr. "aumoire, a cupboard, ambrie, 
almstub." Cotgr. ; aumonerie, the place in 
monasteries in which alms were deposited. 
In O.E. ambry denoted " the place where 
the arms, plate, vessels, and everything 
belonging to housekeeping were kept." 
V. Almerie. 

Muckle Aumrie, s. A figurative expres- 
sion applied to a big, stupid, or senseless 
person, Mearns. The idea seems borrowed 
from an empty press. 

To AUNTER, Awntyr, t. a. To hazard ; 
to put into the power of accident. Bar- 
bour. — Fr. aventur-er, risquer, mettre au 
hazard. Diet. Tree. Aunter is used by 
Chaucer and Gower in a neuter sense. V. 
Anter, r. 

AUNTER, s. Adventure ; O.E. antre, R. 
Brunne. Sir Gairan and Sir Gal. — Fr. 
arenture, auenture, abbreviated. 

AUNTERENS, adv. Perchance ; perad- 
venture, Berwicks. 

AUNTEROUS,arf/\ Adventurous. Gl.Sibb. 
— O.Fr. arentureux, hasarde; L.H.adrei)- 
tor-ius. Gl. Roquefort. 

To AVOYD of. To remove from. Lett. 
Q. Mary, Keith's Hist. — Fr. ruider, to 
void, to evacuate. 

To AVOKE, r. a. To call away ; to keep 
off. Lat. aroc-are. BaiUie. 

AVOUTERIE, Advouterie, t. Adultery. 
Gl. Sibb. — O.Fr. aroutrie, Ital. arolteria, 
Lat. adulter-ium, Teut. vouter-en, forni- 
care, camerare. 

AVOW, Avowe, s. 1. A vow; used in the 
same sense by Chaucer. Douglas. 2. Dis- 
covery, declaration ; in modern language, 
avowal. Minstrelsy Bord. — Fr. acou-er, 
to confess. 

To AVOW, r. a. To devote by a vow. Bel- 

To AVOW, r. n. To vow. Bellenden. 

AUREATE, Awreate, adj. Golden. Dou- 
glas. L.B. cmreat-us. 

AUSKERRIE, s. A scoop, Shetl. Sw. oes- 
kar, E. scoop. From Su.G. oes-a, Dan. oes- 
er, Isl. aus-a, to draw, and Su.G. kar, a 
vessel ; literally, aus-kerric is a drawing 

AUSTERN, Asterne, Astren, adj. 1. 
Having an austere look. 2. Having a 
frightful or ghastly appearance ; like a 
dying person, Roxb. Selkirks. 

AUST IE, adj. Austere; harsh. Henrysone. 
— A.S. ostige, knotty, from osf, Teut. oest, a 


knot, properly in wood. Lord Hailes and 
others have viewed this word as merely a 
corr. of austere. 

AUSTROUS, adj. Frightful; ghastly, 
Upper Clydes. Edin.Mag., May 1820. 

AUTENTYFE, adj. Authentic. ColkelUe 

* AUTHOR, s. 1. Ancestor; predecessor; 
frequently used in this sense in our old 
Acts. 2. One who legally transfers pro- 
perty to another; a forensic term, S. Ersk. 
Inst. 3. An informer, Aberd. ; synon. 
with Lat. auctor, a reporter or teller. 

AUWIS-BORE, s. The circular vacuity 
left in a piece of wood, from a knot com- 
ing out of it, S.B. Probably the same as 
Elf-bore, q~. v. 

AUX-BIT, fc A nick in the form of the let- 
ter V, cut out of the hinder part of a 
sheep's ear, Ayrs. Back-bit, synon., Clydes. 
Perhaps from Moes.G. ansa, the ear, aud 
Isl. bit, bite or cut. 

AW, sometimes to be viewed as the third 
pers. sing, of the t. ; signifying owed, 
ought. WcUlaee. 

To AW, Awe, r. a. To owe, S. Wallace. 
— Isl. aa, atte, debeo, debuit ; A.S. ag, 
alite; Su.G. a; Moes.G. aih, habeo, im- 
perf. aiht-a. V. Aigh, Avcht. 

AW, used for All, S. Bannatyne P. Wyth 
me, withal. Douglas. 

AWA, adv. 1. Away; the general pro- 
nunciation in S. 2. In a swoon. 3. In 
speaking of a deceased relation. There 
is a peculiar and lovely delicacy in 
this national idiom. When one cannot 
avoid a reference to the departed, in- 
stead of mentioning the name, or specify- 
ing the particular tie, as if it were meant 
to prevent any unnecessary excitement of 
feeling, either in the speaker or in the 
hearer, or as if naming the person were a 
kind of profanation of the hallowed silence 
of the tomb, or as if the most distant 
allusion were more than enough, — it is 
usual to speak of them that's awa ; the 
plural being most commonly used, as if 
the beloved object were removed to a 
still more respectful distance, than by a 
more familiar use of the singular. 

AWA' P THE HEAD. Deranged ; be- 
side one's self, Roxb. Syn. By Hmsell, 
by hersell. 

To AWAIL, Awal, v. a. 1. To let fall. 
Barbour. 2. To descend ; used in a neuter 
sense. Wallace. 3. To fall backward, 
or tumble down hill, Roxb. Clydes. Gl. 
Sibb. — Fr. aral-er, to go, or fall, down ; 
also, to let fall; Teut. af-rall-en, decidere; 
>if- rat, casus ; Su.G. afal, ctfal, lapsus. 

AWAIL, Awaill, s. Advantage ; superi- 
ority. Wcdlace. 

To AWAILL, Awailye, t. v. To avail. 

AWAL, Awald, s. A term applied to a 
field lying the second year without being 




ploughed ; lea of the second year, that 
has not been sowed with artificial grasses, 

AWALD, adj. Belonging to the second 
crop after lea, S. 

AWALD-CRAP, s. The second crop after 
lea, Ayrs. Aewall, Clydes.; ami, Gallo- 
way; aicat, more commonly award, An- 
gus. V. Award-Crap. 

AWAL-INFIELD, g. The second crop 
after bear. Surr. Banff's. 

AWAL-LAND, s. Ground under a second 
crop, Banffs. 

A WALL AITS. The second crop of oats 
after grass, Mearns. V. Awat. 

AWALD or A WALT SHEEP. One that 
has fallen on its back, and cannot recover 
itself. If not raised, it sickens, swells, 
and dies, Roxb. Gl. Sibb. V. Awail. 

AWALD, Awalt, part. adj. In a supine 
state ; lying on the back, S. 

To Fa' Awalt. To fall, without the power 
of getting up again ; originally applied to 
a sheep, hence to a person intoxicated ; 
hence the phrase, to roll awald, S.A. 

To Die Awald. To die in a supine state. 

To AWANCE, r. a. To advance. Wallace. 
— Fr. avanc-er, id. 

To AWANT, v. a. To boast. Douglas. 

AWARD-CRAP, s. A crop of corn after 
several others in succession ; hence called 
award, or awkward crops. Agr. Sure. 

AWART, adv. A sheep is said to lie aivart, 
when it has fallen on its back in such a 
situation that it cannot rise again, Roxb. 
Synon. Await, q. v. 

A-WASTLE, prep. To the westward of; 
figuratively, distant from, Ettr. For. 

AWAT, s. Ground ploughed after the first 
crop from lea. The crop produced is 
called the awat-crap; also pronounced 
award. Ang. aril; Galloway, aewall ; 
Clydes. id. — A.S. afed, pastus, af-at, de- 
pastus ; or, Su.G. awat, a/at, deficiens ; 
or perhaps from af-val, diminution, as the 
same with Awalt, q. v. 

AWA WARD, s. The vanguard. Barbour. 
Fr. avant-garde. 

AWAY. This word seems to have been 
used occasionally as a verb. Barbour. — 
A.S. aweg, away, may be viewed as the 
imperat. of aicaeg-an, to take away, or, 
awegg-an, to depart. 

A WAYDRAWING, g. The act of drawing 
off, or turning aside ; applied to a stream 
of water. Act. Bom. Cone. 

AWAYMENTIS, s. pi. Consultations, Gl. 
Perhaps preparations, or preliminaries. 
Wyntown. — Perhaps from O.Fr. aroy-er, 
to put in train; aroyment, enquete', ou- 
verture; de via. Gl. Roquefort. 

AWAY-PUTTING, g. The complete re- 
moval of anything, of that especially 
which is offensive or noxious. Acts Ja. VI. 

AWAY-TAKEN, part. pa. Carried off; 
removed. Acts Cha. II. 

AWAY-TAKAR, g. The person who re- 
moves or carries away. Acts Mary. 

AWAY-TAKING, s. Removal ; act of 
carrying off. Balfour's Pract. 

To AWBAND, b. a. To bind with an Awe- 
band, Lanarks. 

AWB YRCHO WNE, Awbercheoun, s. The 
habergeon, or breastplate. Wyntown. — 
Franc, halsberge, Isl. halsbeorg, collare 
chalybeum; from hols, the neck, and berga, 
to defend; Fr. haubergeon; L.B. halber- 

AWBLASTER, s. 1. A crossbow-man; al- 
blastere, and arb!ast,O.E. Barbour. 2. The 
crossbow itself; Fr. arbaleste. Wallace. 
— Fr. arbelestier, L.B. arcubalista, arba- 

AW-BUND, Aw-bun', adj. Not at liberty 
to act as one would wish ; restricted by a 
superior, Roxb. V. Aweband. Or it may 
be compounded of awe and bund, E. 

To AWCHT, Aucht, Aught, v. a. To owe. 
Peblis to the Play. V. Aw. 

AWCY, .«. Perhaps pain ; torment. Sir 
Gaican and Sir Gal. A.S. ace, aece, 

AWEBAND, Awband, s. 1. A band for 
tying black cattle to the stake ; consist- 
ing of a rope on one side, and a piece of 
wood, shaped like a hame-blade, or the 
half of a horse's collar, on the other. It 
keeps in order the more unruly animals, 
and prevents them from throwing their 
heads from one side of the stake to the 
other ; Loth. Lanarks. 2. A check, a re- 
straint. Bellenden. 3. Used in a moral 
sense, to denote what inspires respect 
and reverence ; what curbs and checks, 
or prevents a man from doing things in 
which he might otherwise indulge him- 
self, S. — Perhaps from Dan. aag, a yoke, 
and band ; q. the band by which the yoke 
is fastened. 

AWEDE, adj. In a state approaching to 
insanity. Sir Tristrem. — A.S. awed-an, 
awocd-an, insanire. 

AWEEL, adv. Well. Guy Mannering. 

To AWENT, r. a. To cool or refresh by 
exposing to the air. Barbour. — A.S. 
awynd-wian, ventilare, from wind, ven- 

AWERTY, Auerty, adj. Cautious ; expe- 
rienced; a uerty. R. Brunne. Barbour. — 
Fr. avert i, warned, advertised. 

AWFALL,«(7/. Honest; upright. V.Afald. 

AWFULL, Awfu', adj. Implying the idea 
of what is very great ; excessive ; used 
generally in a bad sense, S. 

A'WHERE,ar?r. Everywhere, S.A'wheres, 
Ettr. For. Syn. A/quhare. 

A WIN, Awy.v, Awne, adj. Own ; proper, 
S. awne; Gl. Yorks., id. This is the com- 
mon pron. of the south of S. ; in other 


parts, ain. Wallace. — Moes.G. aigin, 
aihn, proprius, A.S. agen, Germ, eh/hen, 
Belg. eyghen, Su.G. egen, id., from their 
respective verbs denoting right or pro- 

AWINGIS,s.^. Arrears ; debts. " Dettis, 
aicingis, comptes." Aberd. Reg. 

A WISE, s. Manner ; fashion. * V. Avyse. 

AWISE, Awysee, adj. Prudent ; conside- 
rate; cautious. Barbour. — Fr. acise, pru- 
dens, cautus, consideratus ; deduced in 
Diet. Trev. from Goth, wis- an, A.S. vis-an, 
with ad. prefixed, L.B. avisare. 

AWISELY, adv. Prudently; circumspect- 
ly. Barbour. 

AWISS,s. Potashes. Aberd. Beg. 

AWITTINS. Used in conjunction with me, 
him, her, &c, as denoting what is without 
the privacy of the person referred to ; 
unwitting, Dumfr. The pronoun may either 
be viewed as in the dative, as, unwitting 
to me, or in the ablative absolute, as, me 

AWKIR, 8. To ding to aickir, to dash to 
pieces, Aberd. Perhaps from E. ochre. 

AWM, s. Alum, S. 

To AWM, v. a. To dress skins with alum, S. 

AWM'T LEATHER. White leather. 

AWMON,Hewmon,s. A helmet. Gl.Sibb. 

AWMOUS, s. A cap or cowl ; a covering 
for the head ; printed amotions. Houlate 
MS. — L.B. almuc-ia, O.Fr. aumusse, from 
Germ, mutze, S. mutch, q. v. If it should 
be read awmons, it may refer to a helmet. 
V. Aumon. 

AWMOUS, s. Alms, S. The Antiquary. 
V. Almous. 

AWMOUS-DISH, s. The wooden dish in 
which mendicants receive their alms, when 
given in meat. Burns. 

AWNER, Awnar, s. An owner; a proprie- 
tor. Hamilton n's Cat. ColkelbieSow. — A.S. 
agn-ian, aegn-ian, ahn-ian, possidere. 

AWNS, The beards of corn, S. Aries, 
Prov.E. Bar awns, the beards of barley. 
Ang. Perths. — Moes.G. ahana, Su.G. agn, 
Gr. ax**, «-x» v » chaff; Alem. agena, id. ; 
also, a shoot or stalk. 

AWNED, Awnit, adj. Having beards ; 
applied to grain, S. 

AWNY,arf/. Bearded, S. Pichn's Poems. 

AWNIE, adj. Bearded, S. Burns. V. 

AWO'NT, part. adj. Accustomed to. Aberd. 
Beg. — A.S. awun-ian, accustomed to. 

AWORTH, adv. "Worthily." Tytler. 

25 BAA 

King's Quair. — A.S. awyrth-ian, glorifi- 

AWOUNDERIT, part. pa. Surprised ; 
struck with wonder. Douglas. 

AWOVIT, fret. Avowed. Acts Ja. VI. 

To AWOW, v. n. To vow. Pitscottie. 

A WOW, inter/. Equivalent to Alas, S.B. ; 
also to Ewhow. Bock and Wee Pickle 

AWP, Whaup, s. The curlew, a bird, S. 
67. Sibb. V. Quhaip. 

AWRANGOUS, adj. Felonious; « An>- 
rangous away taking." Aberd. Beg. 

AWRO, Probably a wro, a corner. Gl. 
Complaynt S. — Su.G. wra, pron. wro, an- 

AWS, Awes of a mill-wheel, s. The buckets 
or projections on the rims which receive 
the shock of the water as it falls, S. 
Statist. Ace. 

AWS of a Windmill. The sails or shafts 
on which the wind acts, Aberd. 

AWSK, s. The newt or eft. V. Ask. 

AWSOME, Awesome, adj. 1. Appalling; 
awful ; causing terror. Butherford. The 
Antiquary. 2. Exciting terror ; as sup- 
posed to possess preternatural power. 
3. Expressive of terror. Guy Manner- 
■in i/. 

AWSTRENE, adj. Stern ; austere. Hen- 
rysone. V. Asterne. — Lat. auster-us, or 
A.S. styrii. 

AWTAYNE, adj. Haughty. Wyntown.— 
O.Fr. hautain, grand, sublime, eleve. Gl. 
Roquefort. From Lat. a/t-us. 

AWTE, s. 1. The direction in which a stone, 
a piece of wood, &c. splits ; the grain, 
Aberd. 2. Used, but perhaps improperly, 
for a flaw in a stone. Gl. Surv. Nairn and 

AWTER, s. An altar. Chaucer, id. O.Fr. 
autiere, Lat. altare. Barbour. 

To AX, r. a. To ask, S. Asched, axede, 
asked. R. Glouc. Buddiman. — A.S. ahs- 
ian, ax-ian, interrogare. 

AXIS, Acksys, s. pi. Aches; pains. Axes, 
id., Orkn. King's Quair. — A.S. aece, do- 
lor ; egesa, horror; Moes.G. agis, terror. 
Hence, E. ague. 

AX-TREE, s.' An axle-tree, S— A.S. ear, 
ex; Alem. ahsa; Germ, achse, axis ; per- 
haps from Isl. ak-a, to drive a chariot or 
dray. G. Andr. 

AYONT, prep. Beyond, S. Boss.— A.S. 
geond, ultra, with a prefixed ; or on, as 
afield, originally on field. 


To BAA, r. n. 1. To cry as a calf, Ettr. For. 

Hogg. 2. To bleat as a sheep, Ayrs. Gait. 
BAA, s. The cry of a calf ; the bleat of a 

sheep. V. Bae. 

BAA, s. A rock in the sea seen at low 
water. Edmons. Zetl. Norw. boe, " a bot- 
tom, or bank in the sea, on which the 
waves break." Hallaqer. 




BAACH,«r//. Ungrateful to the taste. V. 

BAB, s. 1. A nosegay, or bunch of flowers, 
Pickets Poems. 2. A tassel, or a knot of 
ribbons, or the loose ends of such a knot, 
Fife; whence the compounds Lny-bab and 
Wooer-bab, q. t. 3. Applied to a cockade, 
S. " A cockit hat with a bab of blue rib- 
bands at it." Old Mortality. 

To BAB, v. n. 1. To play backwards and 
forwards loosely, S.; synon. with E. Bob. 
2. To dance, Fife. Hence Bab at the 
boicster, or Bab ici' the bowster, a very old 
Scottish dance, formerly the last dance 
at weddings and merrymakings. 

To BAB, p. a. To close ; to shut, Ayrs. 

To BABBIS, r. a. 1. To scoff ; to gibe. 2. 
To browbeat, Ayrs. From the same origin 
with Bob, a taunt, q. v. 

BABY, s. Abbrev. of the name Barbara, S. 

BABIE, Bawbie, Bawbee, s. A copper 
coin equal to a halfpenny English, S. 
Knox. The following curious tradition, 
with regard to the origin of this term, is 
still current in Fife : — " When one of the 
infant kings of Scotland, of great expec- 
tation, was shown to the public, for the 
preservation of order the price of admis- 
sion was in proportion to the rank of the 
visitant. The eyes of the superior classes 
being feasted, their retainers and the mo- 
bility were admitted at the rate of six 
pennies each. Hence this piece of money 
being the price of seeing the royal Babic, 
it received the name of Babie" — Fr. bas- 
piece, base or billon money. 

BABIE-PICKLE, s. The small grain (the 
Babie) which lies in the bosom of a 
larger one, at the top of a stalk of oats, S. 
V. Pickle. 

BABTYM, s. Baptism. " Baptym and 
mareage." Aberd. Bey. Corr. from Fr. 

BACCALAWREATT, s. The degree of 
Bachelor in a university, or Master of 
Arts. Arts. Oi. I. 

BACHELAR,?. A bachelor in Arts. Crauf. 
Hist. Unw. Edin. 

BACHILLE, s. A pendicle, or spot of 
arable ground, Fife. Lamont's Diary. 
— O.Fr. baclde denoted as much ground 
as twenty oxen could labour in one hour. 

BACHLANE, part. pr. Shambling. V. 

To BACHLE, v. a. To distort ; to vilify. 
V. Bauchle, r. a. 

To BACHLE, v. n. To shamble, &c. V. 
Bauchle, r. n. 

BACHLEIT, part. pa. A particular mode 
of exposing to sale. — Perhaps from Fr. 
baecol-er, " to lift or heave often up and 
downe." Cotgr. 

BACHRAM,?. A bach-am o' dirt, an ad- 
hesive spot of filth ; what has dropped 

from a cow on a hard spot of ground, 
Dunrfr. Gael, buachar, cow-dung. V. 

BACK, s. An instrument for toasting bread 
above the fire, made of pot-metal, S. — 
Germ, backen, to bake. Yorks. back-stane, 
" a stone or iron to bake cakes on." 

BACK, s. A large vat used by brewers and 
others for cooling liquors, S. — Teut. back, 
Belg. bak, a trough. 

BACK, Backing, 8. A body of followers, 
or supporters, S. BaiUie. From A.S. bac, 
baec, Su.G. bak, tergum. 

A Strong Back, 8. A large body of fol- 

A Thin Back, s. A small party of fol- 
lowers. Gathry's Mem. 

BACK, .«. The hinder part of the body ; 
the outer part of the hand or body, or of 
anything ; the rear. 

* BACK, 8. 1. The back of my hand toyon, 
I will have nothing to do with you ; ad- 
dressed to one whose conduct or opinions 
we dislike. 2. The back is said to be it/>, 
or set tip, as expressive of anger, as, " His 
back was up in a moment." 

BACK, adv. Behind ; toward things past ; 
whence one came ; backwards. 

BACK AT THE WA\ Unfortunate; in 
trouble. One's back is said to be at the 
«•«' when one is in an unfortunate state 
in whatever respect. 

To BACK (a letter.) To write the direc- 
tion on a letter ; frequently applied to 
the mere manual performance, as, " A n 
Ul-backit letter," one with the direction ill 
written, S. 

BACK, .«. Applied to one who has changed 
his mode of living ; as, " He 's the back of 
an auld farmer," he was once a farmer. 

BACK, 8. A wooden trough for carrying 
fuel or ashes, Roxb. The same with 
Backet, q. v. Rob Roy. 

BACK and FORE. Backwards and for- 
wards, S. 

BACKBAND, Bakband, s. A bond or ob- 
ligation, in which one person engages that 
another shall receive no injury at law in 
consequence of a disposition, or any simi- 
lar deed, which the latter has made in 
favour of the former ; a bond which vir- 
tually nullifies a former one that has been 
entered into to serve a special purpose, S. 
Acts Cha. I. 

BACK-BIRN, s. A back-burthen ; a load 
on the back. Ross. 

BACK-BIT, g. A nick on the back part of 
a sheep's ear; the same with Aux-Bit, q. v. 

BACK-BREAD, s. A kneading-trough, S. 
Belg. bak, id. 

BACK-CAST, s. 1. A relapse into trouble ; 
or something that retards the patient's 
recovery. 2. A misfortune ; something 
which, as it were, throtcs one back from a 
state of prosperity into adversity, S. Tales 
of My Landlord. 



BACK-CAST, adj. Retrospective. Tama- 

BACKCAW, s. The same as backcast, S. 
Only the Latter is formed by means of 
the v. cast, the other by that of caw, q. v. 

BACKCHALES, s. pi. Meaning doubtful. 
Perhaps the same as Back-fear, q. v. 

BACK-COME, Back-coming, s. Return. 

To BACK-COME, r.n. Toreturn. Spalding. 

BACK-DOOR-TROT, ?. The diarrhcea. 
Fn-gae-by, synon. 

BACKDRAUGHT, s. 1. The act of inspi- 
ration in breathing. 2. The convulsive 
inspiration of a child in the hooping- 
cough, during a fit of the disease, S. 

BACK-DRAWER, s. An apostate ; one 
who recedes from his former profession or 
course. M l Ward's Contendings. 

BACKE, s. The bat. V. Bak, Ba'ckie-bird. 

BACK-END 0' HAIRST, s. The latter 
part of harvest, S. 

BACKEND 0' THE YEAR. The latter 
part of the year, S. Trials ofM. Lyndsay. 

BACK-END, s. An ellipsis of the preceding 
phrase. V. Fore-end. 

BACKET, 8. 1. A square, wooden trough, 
used for carrying coals, or ashes, S. ; called 
also Coal-backet, Aiss-backet, S. 2. A 
trough for carrying lime and mortar to 
masons, Fife, Loth. 3. A small wooden 
trough, of an oblong form, with a sloping 
lid, (resembling the roof of a house,) fas- 
tened by leathern bands, kept at the side 
of the fire to keep the salt dry. It is 
generally called the Saut-baeket. Dimin. 
from Teut. back, linter ; Belg. bak, a 
trough. — Fr. bacquet, a small and shallow 

B ACKET-ST ANE, s. A stone at the kitchen 
fire-side for the Sant-backet. Duff's Poems. 

BACKFA', s. The side-sluice or outlet of 
a mill-lead, or mill-dam, near the breast 
of the water-wheel, and through which 
the water runs when the mill is set, or 
when the water is turned off the wheel, 

BACK-FEAR, s. An object of terror from 
behind. Pitscottie. V. Backchales. 

BACK-FRIEND, 8. 1. One who supports 
another ; an abettor. Bruce's Lectures. 
In E. the sense is directly opposite. John- 
son defines it " an enemy in secret." 2. 
Metaph. a place of strength behind an 
army. Monro's Exped. 

BACK-FU', «. As much as can be carried 
on the back, S. 

BACKGAIN, 8. A decline ; a consump- 
tion, S. 

BACKGAIN, Back-Ga'en, adj. From the 
adv. back, and r. gae, to go. 1. Receding ; 
a backga'in tide, a tide in the state of ebb- 
ing. 2. Declining in health; as, a back- 
ga'in bairn, a child in a decaying state. 
3. Declining in worldly circumstances ; 
as, a backga'in family, a family not thriv- 


ing in temporal concerns, but going to de- 
cay, S. 

BACKGANE, part. a. Ill-grown ; as, a 
backgane geit, an ill-grown child, S. 

BACKGATE, .«. 1. An entry to a house, 
court, or area, from behind. 2. A road 
or way that leads behind. 3. Used in re- 
gard to conduct ; " Ye talc aye backgates," 
you never act openly, but still use cir- 
cuitous or shuffling modes, S. 4. It also 
signifies a course directly immoral, S. 

BACK-HALF, s. The worst half of any- 
thing. To be icorn to the back-half, to 
be nearly worn out, Lanarks. 

To BACK-HAP, r. n. To draw back from 
an agreement ; to resile, Aberd. 

BACKINGS, s. pi. Refuse of wool or flax, 
or what is left after dressing it, used for 
coarser stuffs, S. Statist. Ace. — Swed. 
bakla fin, to dress flax. 

BACKIN'-TURF, s. A turf laid on a low 
cottage-fire at bed-time, as a back, to keep 
it alive till morning ; or one placed against 
the hud, in putting on a new turf-fire, 
to support the side turfs, Teviotd. 

BACK- JAR, «. 1. A sly, ill-natured objec- 
tion or opposition. 2. An artful evasion, 

BACKLINS, adv. Backwards ; as, To gae 
back/it/s; to go with the face turned op- 
posite to the course one takes, S. V. the 
termination Lingis. 

BACK-LOOK, s. 1. Retrospective view; 
used literally. 2. A review ; denoting the 
act of the mind. Walker's Peden. 

BACKMAN, Bakman, s. A follower in 
war; sometimes equivalent to E. hench- 
man, S.A. Hogg. 

BACK-OWRE, adv. Behind ; a consider- 
able way back, S. 

BACK-RAPE, s. The band that goes over 
the back of a horse in the plough, to sup- 
port the thcets or traces, Clydes. 

BACK-RENT, s. A mode of appointing the 
rent of a farm, by which the tenant was 
always three terms in arrears, Berw. 

BACKS, ?. pi. The outer boards of a tree 
when sawed, S.B. 

BACK-SEY, 8. The sirloin of beef. V. Sey. 

BACK-SET, s. 1. A check ; anything that 
prevents growth or vegetation, S. 2. 
Whatsoever causes a relapse, or throws 
one back in any course, S. Wodrou: — 
E. back and set. 

BACKSET, 8. A sub-lease, restoring the 
possession, on certain conditions, to some 
of those who were primarily interested in 
it. Spalding. 

BACKSET, part pa. Wearied ; fatigued. 

BACKSIDE, s. 1. The area, plot, and 
garden behind the house. 2. Backsides, 
in Mearns, denotes all the ground be- 
tween a town on the sea-coast and the 
sea. 3. The more private entrances into 
a town by the back of it, Ayrs. 


BACKSPANG, s. A trick, or legal quirk, 
by which one takes the advantage of an- 
other, after everything seemed to have 
been settled in a bargain, S. — Back and 
spang, to spring. 

BACKSPARE, s. Backspace of breeches ; 
the cleft, S. V. Spare. 

BACK-SPAULD, s. The hinder part of the 
shoulder. The Pirate. 

To BACK-SPE1R, r. a. 1. To trace are- 
port as far back as possible, S. 2. To cross- 
question, S. Back and speir, to examine. 

BACK-SPEIRER, Back-Spearer, s. A 
cross-examinator, S. Cfeland. 

BACKSPRENT, s. 1. The back-bone, S. 
from back, and S. sprent, a spring ; in al- 
lusion to the elastic power of the spine. 
2. The spring of a reel for winding yarn 
to reckon how much is reeled. 3. The 
spring or catch which falls down and 
enters the lock of a chest. 4 . The spring 
in the back of a clasp-knife, S. 

BACKTACK, Backtake, s. A deed by 
which a wadsetter, instead of himself pos- 
sessing the lands which he has in wadset, 
gives a lease of them to the reverser, to 
continue in force till they are redeemed, 
on condition of the payment of the in- 
terest of the wadset sum as rent. LL. S. 
Acts Cha. I. 

BACK-TREAD, s. Retrogression. 

BACK-TREES, s. The joists in a cot- 
house, &c, Roxb. 

BACK-WATER, s. The water in a mill- 
race which is gorged up by ice, or from 
the swelling of the river below, and can- 
not get off. When it can easily get away 
it is called Tail water. 

BACKWIDDIE, Backwoodie, s. The band 
or chain over the cart-saddle which sup- 
ports the shafts of the cart, S.B.; q. the 
withy that crosses the back. Synou. Rig- 

BAD BREAD. To be in bad bread. To be 
in a state of poverty or danger. 

BADDERLOCK, Badderlocks,s. A spe- 
cies of eatable fucus, S. Lightfoot. 

BADDOCK, s. Apparently the coal-fish, or 
Gadus carbonarius, Aberd. The fry of 
the coal-fish. Statist. Ace. 

BADDORDS, Low raillery ; vulgarly 
bathers. Boss. Corr. of bad words. 

BADE, pret. of Bide, q. v. 

BADE, Baid, s. 1. Delay, tarrying. But 
bade, without delay. Wallace. 2. Place 
of residence, abode. Sibbald. 

BADGE, s. A large, ill-shaped burden, 
Selkirks. — Isl. bagge, baggi, onus, sar- 

To BADGER, v. a. To beat; as, " Bad,,, r 
the loon," beat the rascal, Fife. 

BADGER-REESHIL, s. A severe blow. 
V. Reissil, and Beat the Badger. 

BADGIE, s. Cognizance; armorial bearing. 
V. Bavgie. 


BADLYNG, s. A low scoundrel. Scot. 
Poems Reprinted. — Franc, baudeling, a 

BAD-MONEY, Bald-Money, s. The plant 
Gentian, Roxb. 

BADNYSTIE, s. Silly stuff. Douglas.— Fr. 
badinage, id. 

BADOCH, s. A marine bird of -a black 
colour. Sibbald. 

BADRANS, Bathrons, s. A designation 
for a cat, S. Henrysone. Burns. 

BAE, s. The sound emitted in bleating ; 
a bleat, S. Ramsay. Baa,E. — Fr. bee, id. 

To BAE, r. n. To bleat ; to cry as a sheep, 
S. Tarry Woo. Both these words are 
formed, apparently, from the sound. 

BAFF,Beff, s. 1. A blow ; a stroke. 2. 
A jog with the elbow, S.B. Jamieson's 
Popular Ballads. — Fr. bnffe, a stroke ; 
Su.G. baefw-a, Isl. bif-a. to move or shake; 
hi fa ii, concussion. 

To BAFF, x. a. To beat, S. V. Beff. 

BAFF, s. A shot, S.B. 67. Antiquary. 

BAFFLE, s. LA trifle ; a thing of no 
value, Orkn. Sutherl. 2. Used in Angus 
to denote what is either nonsensical or in- 
credible ; as, '•' That's mere baffle." Per- 
haps dimin. from Teut. beffe, nugae, bef- 
fe», nugari. 

BAFFLE, s. A portfolio, Mearns. Synon. 

BAG, pret. of r. Built; from To Big, bigg, 
to build, S. Jacobite Relics. 

To BAG, r. a. To cram the belly ; to dis- 
tend it by much eating. Hence, A.Bor. 
bagging-time, baiting-time. Grose. 

BAG, s. A quiver. Christ's Kirk. — Dan. 
balg, a sheath, a scabbard. 

BAG, s. 1. To gire or gie one the bag, i. e. 
to give one the slip; to deceive one whose 
hopes have been raised, Loth. 2. To jilt 
in love, Lanarks. 

BAG, Baggage, s. Terms of disrespect or 
reprehension applied to a child. — Teut. 
balgh, puer, said in contempt ; E. baggage, 
a worthless woman. 

BAG and BAGGAGE. One's whole move- 
able property in the place from which the 
removal is made, as well as the imple- 
ments used for containing the property, 
and for conveying it away. Perhaps bor- 
rowed from the custom of soldiers carry- 
ing their whole stock of goods in their 

BAGATY, Baggety, s. The female of the 
lump, or sea-owl, a fish, S. Sibbald. 

BAGENIN, s. The name given to that in- 
delicate toying which is common between 
young people of different sexes on the 
harvest-field, Fife.— Probably of Fr. ori- 
gin; as allied to bagenaud-er, to trifle, to 
toy, to dally with. 

BAGGlE, Baggit, s. A large minnow; 
sometimes a bag-mennon; apparently from 
its rotundity, &.c. South of S. 

BAGGIE, s. The belly, S.O. From its 




being bagged or crammed with food. 67. 
Burns. Teut. balgh, id. 

BAGGIER, s. A casket. Fr. baguier, a 
small coffer for containing jewels, &c. 

BAGGIT, adj. 1. Having a big belly ; gen- 
erally applied to a beast. 2. Pregnant. 
Bell end en. 

BAGGIT, s. 1. A contemptuous term for a 
child. 2. An insignificant little person. 
Synon. Shurf. 3. Applied to a feeble 
sheep, Roxb. 

BAGGIT, Bagit Horss, s. A stallion. 

To BAGHASH, r. a. To abuse with the 
tongue ; to give opprobrious language to 
one, Perths. Fife. Perhaps such an abuse 
of one's good name as might be compared 
to the hashing or mincing of meat to be 
put into the bag in which a haggis is made. 

BAGLIN, s. A puny child with a large 
belly ; a misgrown child ; synon. Wam- 
jlin ; Caithn. Apparently a dimin. from 
n. •». to Bag, to swell out. 

BAG-RAPE, s. A rope of straw or heath, 
double the size of the cross-ropes used in 
fastening the thatch of a roof. This is 
klnched to the cross-ropes, then tied to 
what is called the pan-rape, and fastened 
with wooden pins to the easing or top of 
the wall on the outer side ; Ang. — Isl. 
bagge, fascis I 

BAGREL, s. 1. A child, Dumfr. 2. A 
minnow, Ettr. For. 3. A small person 
with a big belly ; probably as resembling 
the shape of a minnow, Roxb. 4. Ap- 
plied generally to all animals that have 
big bellies, and are otherwise ill-grown. 
V. Baggit. — Su.G. bagge, puer. 

BAGREL, adj. Expressing the ideas of 
diminutiveness and of corpulency con- 
joined ; as, " He 's a bagrel body," that is, 
one who, although puny, is very plump, 
Mearns. — Goth, bagge, sarcina ; bagur, 
gibbosus, protuberant, bunching out. 

BAGRIE, s. Trash. Herd's Coll. 

BAGS, s. pi. The entrails, Ettr. For. Pro- 
bably from the use to which some of them 
are applied in Scottish cookery ; as the 
haggis-bag, &c. 

BAGWAME, s. A silly fellow who can 
only cram his belly, Ettr. For. 

BAY, s. The sound caused by the notes of 
birds. Douglas. 

BAICH, Baichie, s. A child, Perths. The 
term rather betokens contempt. Pol wart. 
— C.B. bachgen, Teut. bagh, puer. 

To BAICHIE, <o. n. To cough, S.B. 

BAYCHT, adj. Both. Aberd. Reg. A 
perverted orthography. V. Bathe. 

BAID, pret. of Bide, to suffer. Suffered, S. 
V. Bide, Byde. 

BAYED, adj. Bent, or giving way in the 
middle, Aberd. — Isl. beig-a, flectere. 

BAIGIS, s. pi. Knapsacks. N. Burne. — 
O.Fr. baghe, a bag to carry what is ne- 
cessary on a journey. 

To BAIGLE, r. n. I. To walk or run 
with short steps, as if weak ; applied to 
the motions of a child. 2. To walk 
slowly, as if much fatigued, Ettr. For. — 
Isl. baekla, luxare. 

BAIKBRED, s. A kneading-trough, S.B., 
Loth. — A.S. bac-an, pinsere, and bred, 

BAIKEN, s. 1. A baiken of skins or hides ; 
a burden of skins. 2. A sort of flap ; as, 
" the fell with the baiken," Ettr. For. 
Isl. baakn, moles, onus. G. Andr. 

BAIKIE, Bakie, s. 1. The stake to which 
an ox or cow is bound in the stall. Ang. 
2. A piece of curved wood, about eighteen 
inches long, with a hole in each end of it, 
through which a rope passes to fix it to 
the stake below. It has a corresponding 
piece of rope at top, which, after the 
baikie is round the neck of the cow, is 
likewise tied round the stake, Loth. South 
of S. 3. The stake of a tether, S.B.— Sw. 
paak,& stake. 

BAIKIE, s. 1. A square, wooden vessel, nar- 
rowing towards the bottom, for carrying 
coals to the fire, S. backet, Loth. 2. A 
square, wooden trough for holding pro- 
vender for cows, horses, &c. ; as, " The 
cow's baikie," Lanarks. 3. A wooden 
vessel, of a square form, in which dishes 
are washed, Lanarks. Perhaps Isl. baeki, 
a vessel or cup. 

BAIKIEFU, s. The fill of a wooden 
trough, SO. E, Gilhaize. 

BAIKIN, s. Apparently a canopy carried 
over the host by Roman Catholics. Corr. 
of Baldachin. V. Bandkyn and Bawde- 


BAIKINS, s. A beating; a drubbing, Ettr. 
For. — Isl. beckiar,\e\i injuria afncire,6ccA;- 
inq, molestatio ; Su.G. boka, contundere. 

BA1KLET, Becklet, Baiglet, s. 1. An 
under waistcoat or flannel shirt worn next 
the skin, Dumfr. Roxb. Perhaps corr. of 
back-clout, from A.S. baec, back, and clut, 
cloth. 2. A piece of dress, linen or wool- 
len, formerly worn above the shirt of a 
young child, Tweedd. — Isl. fro^fajfascibus 

BAIKS, s. pi. A pair of balks; a balance. 
Aberd. Keg. V. Bauk, Bawk. 

BAIL, Baile, Bayle, Ball, Bele, Belle, .?. 
1. A flame or blaze of what kind soever. 
Barbour. 2. A bonfire. Sir Gawan. 3. 
A fire kindled as a signal. Douglas. 
4. Metaph. the flame of love. Henrysone. 
— A.S. bael, Su.G. baal, a funeral pile, Isl. 
baal, a strong fire. 

BAILCH, s. A very lusty person, S.B. 
Ross. V. Belch. 

BAYLE-FYRE, s. 1. A bonfire. 2. Any 
large fire. — A.S. bael-fyr, the fire of a 
funeral pile. 

BAILLE, s. A mistress ; a sweetheart. 
Wallace. — Fr. belle, id. ; or perhaps 
metaph. from baile, a flame. 




BAILLESS, Belless, s. Bellows. In- 

BAILLESS, s. A kind of precious stones. 
V. Balas, and Ballat. 

BAILLIE, s. Meaning doubtful. Perhaps 
a court or enclosure ; from C.B. belli ; 
Teut. bal'ie, conseptuni, vallum. 

BAILLIE, Bailie, s. 1. A magistrate se- 
cond in rank, in a royal borough ; an 
alderman, S. Lyndsay. 2. The baron's 
deputy in a burgh of barony ; called 
baron-bailie, S. Statist. Ace. — Fr. baillie, 
an officer, L.B. baliv-us. 

BAILLIERIE, Bayllerie, Bailiary, s. 

1. The extent of a bailie's jurisdiction, S. 
Wodrow. 2. The extent of a sheriff's 
jurisdiction. Acts Ja. I. 

BAYNE, Bane, adj. 1. Ready; prepared, 
S.B. Wallace. 2. Alert ; lively ; active. 
Wallace. — Isl. bein-a, expedire. 

BAYNE, " Forte, a kind of fur." Rudd. 

BA'ING, s. A match at foot-ball, S. ; pro- 
nunciation of balling, from ba' } a ball. 

BAINIE,«(?/. Having large bones. Burns. 

BAYNLY, adv. Readily; cheerfully. Wal- 

BAIR, Bare, Bar, s. A boar. Barbour. 
— A.S. bar, Germ, baer, Lat. rerr-es, id. 

BAIRD, s. LA poet or bard. ActsJa. VI. 

2. This term has also been explained, a 
railer, a lampooner. Poems 16th Cent. 
—C.B. bardh, Gael. Ir. bard. 

To BAIRD, v. a. To caparison. V. Bard. 

BAIRDING, s. Scolding ; invective. iV. 
Winyet's Quest. 

BAIRGE, s. An affected, bobbing walk, 
Ettr. For. 

To BAIRGE, r. n. 1. To walk with a 
jerk, or spring upwards, Ettr. For. 2. To 
strut, Aberd. Perhaps Fr. berg-er, to 
wag up and down; or from bercer,berser, 
to rock, to swing. 

BAIRLYG,ad>'. Bare-legged. Aberd. Reg. 

B AIRMAN, s. LA bankrupt, who gives 
up all his goods to his creditors ; synon. 
with Dyvour. Skene; Ind. Beg. Maj. 
2. A man who has no property of his 
own. Acts Ja. VI. E. bare, nudatus. 

BAIRN, Barne, s. LA child ; not only 
denoting one in a state of childhood, but 
often one advanced in life ; as implying 
relation to a parent, S. 2. Conjoined 
with the adjective good, it denotes one in 
a state of due subjection, of whatever age 
or rank. " The Lord Gordon subscribed 
the covenant, and became a good bairn." 
Spalding. — Moes.G. barn ; Alem. Germ, 
id. from bair-an, ferre, gignere,procreare; 
A.S. beam. V. Bern. 

BAIRNHEID, Barneheid,s. 1. The state 
of childhood. Inventories, 2. Childishness. 

BAIRNIE,s. A little child, larv's Memv, 

BAIRNIE OF THE E'E. The pupil of 
the eye, Mearns. 

BAYRNIS-BED, s. "The matrix. Similar 
phrases in common use are, calf's-bed, 
lamb's-bed." Gl. Compl. S. 

BAIRNLESS, s. Childless; without pro- 
geny, S. — A.S. bearnleas, id. 

BAIRNLY, adj. Childish ; having the 
manners of a child, S. — Sw. barnslig, 

BAIRNLINESS, s. Childishness, S. 

BAIRN nor BIRTH. " She has neither 
bairn nor birth to mind," i. e. She is 
quite free of the cares of a young family, S. 

To Part wi' Bairn. To miscarry, S. Pit- 
scot tie. 

BAIRN'S-BAIRN,s. A grandchild, Aberd. 
— Su.G. barna-barn, id. A.S. bearna beam. 

BAIRNS' BARGAIN. 1. A bargain that 
may be easily broken ; as, " I niak nae 
bairns' bargains," I make no pactions 
like those of children, S. 2. A mutual 
engagement to overlook, and exercise for- 
bearance as to all that has passed, espe- 
cially if of an unpleasant description, 
Fife. Synon. with Let-Abeefor Let-Abee. 

BAIRN'S-PAN, s. A small tinned pan for 
dressing a child's meat, S. 

BAIRNS-PART of Gear, that part of a 
father's personal estate to which his chil- 
dren are entitled to succeed, and of which 
he cannot deprive them by any testament, 
or other gratuitous deed, to take effect 
after his death, S. Stair. Syn. Legit im. 

BAIRNS-PLAY, s. The sport of children, 
S. Rutherford. 

BAIRNS-WOMAN, s. A dry nurse, S. The 

B AIRN-T YME, Barne-Teme, s. 1 . Brood 
of children; all the children of one mother, 
S. Houlate. 2. The course of time dur- 
ing which a woman has born children, 
Mearns. — A.S. beam-team, liberorum so- 
bolis procreatio. 

B AIS, adj. Having a deep or hoarse sound. 
— Fr. bas, E. base. Douglas. 

BAISDLIE, adv. In a state of stupefaction 
or confusion. Burel. V. Bazed. 

BAISE, s. Haste ; expedition, S.B. — Su.G. 
bas-a, citato gradu ire. 

To BAISE, v. a. To persuade ; to coax, 
Strathmore. Perhaps from Fr. baiser, 
to kiss ; or from Bazed, q. v. 

BAISED, part. pa. Confused ; at a loss 
what to do. V. Bazed. 

To BAISS, r. a. To sew slightly; properly 
to stitch two pieces of cloth together, that 
they may be kept straight in the sewing, 
S. 2. To sew with long stitches, or in a 
coarse and careless manner, S. ; synon. 
Scob, Loth. — Fr. bastir, E. baste, id. 

BAISS, s. The act of baissinq, as above, S. 

BAISSING-THREADS, Basing-Threaps, 
s. The threads used in baissing, S, 

BAISS, Baise, adj. 1. Sad; sorrowful. 
3, Ashamed, Ettr. For, 


9 1 


To BAISS, r. a. To beat ; to drub, Loth. 
— Su.G. bas-a, caedere, ferire. 

BAISSING, s. A drubbing, Selkirks. 

BAIST, part. pa. Apprehensive ; afraid, 
Dumfr. V. Bazed. 

To BAIST, v. a. To defeat ; to overcome ; 
pronounced beast, S.B. — Isl. bcyst-a, ferire. 

BAIST, g. 1. One who is struck by others, 
especially in the sports of children, S.B. 
2. One who is overcome, S. 

BAISTIN, ^. A drubbing, S. ; from E. and 
S. baste, to beat. 

BAIT, s. A boat. V. Bat. 

To BAYT, r. a. To give food to. Barbour. 
— Isl. beit-a, to drive cattle to pasture, 
belt, pasture. 

To BAYT, r. n. To feed. Gl. Sibb. 

BAIT, Bed, s. The grain of wood or stone, 
Aberd. — Isl. belt, lamina explanata. 

BAIT, s. The ley in which skins are put. 
■ — Su.G. beta, fermento macerare ; beta hu- 
dar, coria preparare fermentando, i. e. to 
bait hides, or to soften skins by steeping 
them in bait or ley. 

To BAIT, v. a. To steep skins in a ley made 
from the dung of hens or pigeons, to re- 
duce them to a proper softness, that they 
may be thoroughly cleansed before being 
put into the tan or bark, S. After being 
baited, they are scraped with a knife cal- 
led a qrainer. 

TuBAITCHIL,r.«. To beat soundly,Roxb. 
Dimin. from A.S. beat-on, to beat. 

BAITH, adj. Both. V. Bathe. 

BAITH-FATT, s. A bathing-vat. A.S. 
baeth, thermae, and fact, vat. 

BAITTENIN', part. pr. Thriving.^ "A 
fine baittenin bairn," a thriving child. — 
Teut. bat-eu,baet-en, iprodesse. ls\.baet-a, 
reparare ; whence batn-a, to grow better. 

BAITTLE, adj. Denoting that sort of pas- 
ture where the grass is short, close, and 
rich, Selkirks. Pron. also Bettle. — Isl. 
beitinn, fit for pasture. 

B AIVEE, s. A species of whiting. Sibbald. 

BAIVENJAR, 8. A tatterdemalion ; a 
raggamuffin, Upp. Clydes. — C.B. bawyn, 
a dirty, mean fellow ; from baw, dirty, 
mean. Ba, dirt, is given as the root; 

BAIVIE, s. A large collection ; applied to 
a numerous family, to a covey of part- 
ridges, &c, Ettr. For. 

BAK, Backe, Bakie-Bird, s. The bat or 
rearmouse, S. Douglas. — Su.G. nattbacka, 

BAK, s. On bah ; behind. A.S. on baec : 
whence E. aback. 

To BAKE, v. a. This term rather applies to 
kneading than to firing bread. — A.S. bac- 
on; Su.G. bak-a, pinsere, to bake. When 
two persons are employed in preparing 
bread, he who kneads is called the Bakster. 

BAKE,e. A small cake; a biscuit, S. Burns. 

BAKGARD, s. A rear-guard. Wallam. 

BAKHEIR, s. Perhaps, backer, supporter; 

or it may be two words, backing here, i. e. 
support, assistance, here. 

BAKIE, s. The black-headed gull, Orkn. 

BAKIE, s. The name given to a kind of 
peat which is knead or baked from a pre- 
pared paste, S. Ess.Highl.Soc. — E. bake, 
to knead. 

BAKIE, s. A stake. V. Baikie. 

BAKING-CASE, s. A kneading-trough. 

BAKIN-LOTCH, s. A species of bread, 
perhaps of an enticing quality. Evergreen. 

BAK-LAND, s. A house or building lyiug 
back from the street, S. A house facing 
the street is called afore-land, S. V. Land. 

BAKMAN, s. A follower ; a retainer. V. 

BAKSYD, 8. The back part of a house. 
Aberd. Beg. V. Backside. 

BAKSTER, Baxster, s. A baker, S. Bur- 
roxcLawes — A.S. baecestre,a, woman-baker. 

BAL, Ball, the initial syllable of a great 
many names of places in Scotland. — Ir. 
Gael, baile, ball, a place or town ; Su.G. 
Isl. bol, id. domicilium, sedes, villa, from 
bo, bo-a, bu-a, to dwell, to inhabit. 

BALA-PAT, s. A pot in a farm-house for 
the use of the family during harvest; not 
the reapers' pot. Allan's Diet. 

BALAS, s. A sort of precious stone, said 
to be brought from Baletssiet in India. A 
precious stone, Fr. bale; Palsgrave. — Fr. 
balais, bastard ruby. 

BALAX, s. A hatchet, Aberd.— Isl. bolyxe, 
Su.G. baalyxa, a large axe. 

BALBEIS, s. pi. Halfpence. V. Babie. 
Maitland Poems. 

BALD, Bauld, adj. 1. Bold ; intrepid, S. 
Wyntown. 2. Irascible ; of a fiery tem- 
per, S. Douglas. 3. Pungent to the taste, 
or keenly affecting the organ of smelling ; 
as mustard, horse-radish, &c, S. 4. Keen; 
biting ; expressive of the state of the at- 
mosphere, S. Davidson. 5. Certain ; as- 
sured. Henrysone. 6. Used obliquely ; 
bright ; as, " a bald moon," quoth Benny 
Gask, &c. Kelly.— A.S. bald, beald, Su.G. 
Alem. Germ, bald, audax. 

To BALD, v. a. To embolden. Douglas. 

BALDERDASH, s. Foolish and noisy talk, 
S. Isl. bulldur, stultorum balbuties. 

BALDERRY, s. Female-handed orchis ; 
a plant ; orchis latafolia, S. Lightfoot. 

BALD-STROD, s. Meaning not clear. 

BALEEN, s. Name given by fishers to the 
whalebone of commerce. 

BALEN, adj. Made of skin. V. Pauis. 
Douglas.— Isl. Su.G. baelg, Germ, balg, a 

BALGONE PIPPIN, s. A species of apple, 
somewhat resembling the golden pippin, 
but of larger size. From Balgone in East 

BALYE, s. A space on the outside of the 
ditch of a fortification, commonly sur- 
rounded by strong palisades. Spotswood, 
— Fr. bayle, a barricado, L,B. hall-mnu 



BALK and BUR11AL, a ridge raised very ! 
high by the plough, and a barren space of 
nearly the same extent, alternately, S.B. 
Statist. Ace. V. Bauk, s. 

BALL,s. Bustle; disturbance, Aberd. — Isl. 
haul, boel, noxa, dolor. 

BALL, s. A parcel ; used in the sense of 
E. bale. — Teut. bal, fascis. 

BALLANDIS, s. pi. A balance for weigh- 
ing. Aberd. Beg. 

BALLANT, s. A ballad ; the vulgar pro- 
nunciation throughout Scotland. Guy 

BALLANT-BODDICE, 8. Boddice made 
of leather, anciently worn by ladies in 
Scotland, S.B. V. Balen. 

BALLAT, Ballies, s. Ruby Ballat, a 
species of pale ruby. Coll. of Inren- 

BALL-CLAY, Pell-Clay, s. Very adhe- 
sive clay, S.O. V. Pell-Clay. 

BALLY-COG, s. A milk-pail, Banffs. Syn. 

BALLINGAR, Ballingere, s. A kind of 
ship.— Fr. Ballinjicr. Wallace. 

BALLION, s. 1. A knapsack. 2. A tinker's 
box, in which his utensils are carried; or 
any box that may be carried on one's 
back, Selkirks. V. Ballownis. 

BALLION, s. A supernumerary reaper, 
who assists the reapers of any ridge that 
have fallen behind, Linlithgow. 

BALLOCH, Belloch, *. A narrow pass, 
Stirlings. Gael, bealach, id. 

BALLOP, s. The flap in the fore part of 
the breeches, S. Allied to Lancash. bul- 
locks, testicula. 

BALLOWNIS, s. Aberd. Beg. V.Ballion. 
Fr. ballon, a fardel, or small pack. 

BALOW, s. 1. A lullaby, S. Bitson. 2. 
A term used by a nurse, when lulling her 
child. Old Song. — Fr. bos, la le hup, " be 
still, the wolf is coming." 

To B ALTER, v. a. To dance. Colkelbie Sotc. 
Perhaps corr. of L.B. balator, a dancer. 

BAM, s. A sham; a quiz, S. Bam, a 
jocular imposition, the same as humbug. 
Grose's Class. Diet. 

BAMLING, adj. A bambling chield ; an 
awkwardly-made, clumsy fellow, Roxb. 

BAMULLO, Bomulloch, To gar one lauch, 
sing, or dance Bamullo ; to make one 
change one's mirth into sorrow, Ang. 
Perths. — C.B. bie, terror. Gael, mulla, 
mullach, gloomy brows, q. "the spectre 
with the dark eye-brows." 

To * BAN, Bann, r. n. 1. Often improperly 
applied in S. to those irreverent exclama- 
tions which many use in conversation, as 
distinguished from cursing. 2. Used to 
denote that kind of imprecation in which 
the name of God is not introduced, S. 3. 
Applied to that unhallowed mode of ne- 
gation in which the devil's name, or some 
equivalent term, is introduced as giv- 
ing greater force to the language ; as, 


" The d— 1 haid ails you ! that I should 
ban." A.Donqlas. M'Crie's Life of Knox. 

BANCHIS, s. pi. Deeds of settlement.— 
Ital. banco, a bank. Dunbar. 

BANCKE. To beat a bancke ; apparently 
to beat what in Scotland is called a ruff, 
or roll, in military language. Monro's 
Exped. — Su.G. bank-a, pulsare, a frequen- 
tative from ban-a, id. 

BANCOURIS, s. pi. Coverings for stools 
or benches. — Teut. banchcerc, tapestry ; 
Fr. banquier, a beuch-cloth. 

BAND, s. A hinge ; as, " the bands of a 
door," its hinges. 

BAND, s. A strap of leather ; a rope by 
which black cattle are fastened to the 
stake, S. 

BAND (To take), to unite ; a phrase bor- 
rowed from architecture. Rutherford. 

BAND of a hill. The top or summit. Dou- 
glas.—Gei-m. bann, summitas, Gael, ben, 
beann, a mountain. 

BAND, s. Bond ; obligation, S. Wyntown. 
To mak band, to come under obligation ; 
to swear allegiance. Wallace. 

BANDER, s. A person engaged to one or 
more in a bond or covenant. 

BANDY, s. The stickleback, a small fresh- 
water fish, Aberd. V. Banstickle. 

BANDK YN, s. A cloth, the warp of which 
is thread of gold, and the woof silk, adorn- 
ed with figures. Douglas.— L.B. bande- 
quin-us. V. Bawdekyn. 

BANDLESS, adj. Abandoned altogether 
to wickedness ; without bonds, Clydes. 

BANDLESSLIE, adv. Regardlessly, ibid. 

BANDLESSNESS, s. The state of aban- 
donment to wickedness, Clydes. 

BANDOUNE, Bandown, s. Command ; 
orders. Wallace. V. Abandon.— Germ. 
band, a standard. 

BANDOUNLY, a<fr. Firmly; courageously. 

BANDSMAN, s. A binder of sheaves in 
harvest, Galloway. Syn. Bandster. 

BAND-STANE, s. A stone going through 
on both sides of a wall; thus denomi- 
nated, because it binds the rest together, 
S. The Black Dwarf, 

BANDSTER, Banster, s. One who binds 
sheaves after the reapers in the harvest- 
field, S. Ritson. — A.S. Germ, band, vin- 

BAND-STRING, s. 1. A string across the 
breast for tying in an ornamental way. 
The Antiquary. 2. A species of confec- 
tion, of a long shape, S. 

BANDWIN, Banwin, s. The number of 
reapers served by one bandster; formerly 
eight, now, in Loth, at least, six. 

BANDWIN-RIG. A ridge so broad that 
it can contain a band of reapers called a 
win. Agr. Surv. Bene. 

BANE, King of Bane, the same with King 
of the Bean, "a character in the Christmas 
gambols. This designation is given to 


the person who is so fortunate as to re- 
ceive that part of a divided cake which 
has a bean in it ; Rexj'abae. Knox. 

BANE, adj. Ready ; prepared. 

BANE, s. Bone, S. Wyntotcn.—A.S. ban, 
Alem. bein, id. A'fraetkebane. V.Bein,s. 

BANE, adj. Of or belonging to bone ; as, 
a bane box, S. 

BANE-DYKE {Gone to the.) Reduced to 
skin and bone ; good for nothing but to 
go to the dyke where the bones of dead 
horses lie. 

BANE-DRY, adj. Thoroughly dry, Clydes. 

BANE-GREASE, s. The oily substance 
produced from bones bruised and stewed 
on a slow fire, S. 

BANE-FYER, s. A bonfire, S. Acts Ja. 
VI. — Apparently corrupted from Bail- 

BANE-IDLE, adj. Totally unoccupied, 

BANEOUR, Banneoure, s. A standard- 
bearer. Barbour. 

BANE-PRICKLE, s. The stickleback, 
Clydes. V. Banstickle. 

BANERER, s. Properly one who exhibits 
his own distinctive standard in the field, 
q. "the lord of a standard." Douglas. — 
Teut. bander-heer, baner-lieer, baro, sa- 

BANERMAN, s. A standard-bearer. Wal- 
lace. Su.G. banersman, vexillifer. 

BANES-BRAKIN, s. A bloody quarrel ; 
" the breaking of bones," S. Poems 
Buchan Dial. 

BANFF, s. From a number of proverbs re- 
garding this town, it appears to have been 
viewed in a rather contemptible light. — 
" Gae to Banff, and buy bend-leather ;" 
West of S. " Gang to Banff, and bittle," 
or beetle, " beans." " Gang to Banff, 
and bind bickers," Loth. All these sug- 
gest the idea of useless travel or idle la- 

To BANG, v. n. To change place with im- 
petuosity ; as, to bang up, to start from 
one's seat or bed ; to bang to the dore, to 
run hastily to the door, S. Ramsay. — 
Su.G. baang, tumult, Isl. bang-a, to strike. 

To BANG out, v. a. To draw out hastily, 
S. Ross. 

To BANG off or off, v. a. 1. To let off 
with violence ; to let fly, S. Waverley. 
2. To throw with violence, Aberd. 

BANG, adj. 1. Vehement ; violent. 2. 
Agile, and, at the same time, powerful ; 
" a bang chield," ibid., Roxb. 

BANG, s. 1 . An action expressive of haste ; 
as, He cam wi' a bang, S. 2. In a bang, 
in a huff, Aberd. Ross. 3. A great num- 
ber; a crowd, S. Ramsay. 

To BANG, r. n. To push off with a boat, 
in salmon-fishing, without having seen 
any fish in the channel, Aberd. Law 

To BANG, r. a. 1 . To beat ; to overcome ; 



to overpower, Loth. Roxb. Dumfr. 2. 
To surpass in whatever way, Roxb. 
BANGEISTER, Bangister, Bangster, s. 

1. A violent and disorderly person, who 
regards no law but his own will. Mait- 
land Poems. 2. A victor, Ettr. For. 3. A 
braggart; a bully, S. Ross. 4. A loose 
woman, Clydes. — Isl. bang-a, to strike, 
bang-ast, to run on one with violence. 

BANGIE, adj. Huffish; pettish; irritable, 

To BANGISTER-S WIPE, r. n. To cozen ; 
to deceive by artful means, Roxb. From 
Bangister, q. v. and A.S. stripe ; Teut. 
siceepe, flagellum, scutica. 

BANGNUE, s. Bustle about something 
trivial; much ado about nothing, Selkirks. 

BANG-RAPE, s. A rope with a noose, 
used by thieves to carry off corn or hay, 
Clydes. Ayrs. 

BANGREL, s. An ill-natured, ungovern- 
able woman, Ettr. For. Formed like 
Gangrel, Hangrcl, kc, from the r. to 
Bang, as denoting violence. 

BANGSOME, adj. Quarrelsome, Aberd. 
Christmas Bating. 

BANGSTRIE, s. ' Strength of hand ; vio- 
lence to another in his person or property. 
From Bangster. Acts Ja. VI. 

BANG-THE-BEGGAR, s. 1. A strong 
staff; a powerful kent or rung, Roxb. 

2. Humorously transferred to a con- 
stable, Dumfr. And to a beadle in 
Derbyshire. Grose. The v. Bang-a, to 
beat, seems to be the origin of Teut. 
benghel, bengel, Su.G. baengel, a strong 
staff or stick, the instrument used for 

To BANYEL, r. a. To bandy backwards 
and forwards. 

BANYEL, s. A bundle ; used in a con- 
temptuous way, Upp. Clydes. Tullyat 
synon. — C.B. bangaic, bound together, 

BANYEL, s. A slovenly, idle fellow, 
Roxb. — Teut. benghel, Su.G. baengel, rus- 
ticus, homo stupidus. 

BANIS. Ma.ntillis of Banis; some kind 
of mantle. Act. Dom. Cone. 

BANKER, s. A bench-cloth or carpet. 
V. Bankure. 

BANKER, s. One who buys corn sold by 
auction, Ettr. For. 

BANKERS, s. pi. Apparently the same 
with Bancouris, q. v. 

BANKING-CROP, s. The corn bought or 
sold by auction, Niths. 

BANKROUT, s. A bankrupt. Skene.— 
Fr. banquerout, Ital. bancorotto, Teut. 
banckrote, id. 

BANKSET, adj. Full of little eminences 
and acclivities. Agr. Surr. Aberd. 

BANKURE, s. The covering of a seat, 
stool, or bench. Fr. banquier, a bench- 
cloth. Teut. banck-tcerc, tapes. 

BANNA, Banno, s. V. Bannock. 





BANNA-RACK, s. The wooden frame 
before which bannocks are put to be 
toasted, when taken from the girdle, 
Ettr. For. From Banna, and Back, a 
wooden frame. 

BANNAG, s. A white trout ; a sea trout, 
Argyles. Gael, ban, white, banag, any- 
thing white. 

BANNATE, Bannet, s. Double Bannate. 
Perhaps bonnet of steel, bonnet de fer or 
skull-cap. Act. Bom. Cone. 

Nuikit Bannet. The square cap worn by 
the Romish clergy. Pitscottie. V. Bonnet. 

BANNET-FIRE, s. A punishment simi- 
lar to running the gantelop, inflicted by 
boys on those who break the rules of 
their game. — Two files are formed by 
the boys, standing face to face, the inter- 
vening space being merely sufficient to 
allow the culprit to pass. Through this 
narrow passage he is obliged to walk 
slowly, with his face bent down to his 
knees, while the boys beat him on the 
back with their bonnets, Fife. 

BANNET-FLUKE, 5. The turbot ; so 
called from resembling a bonnet, Fife. 
V. Bannock-Fluke. 

BANNISTER, s. One of the rails of a 
stair ; sometimes the hand-rail. Pro- 
bably a corr. of E. Ballister. 

BANNOCK, s. One of the thirlage duties 
exacted at a mill. Ersk. Inst. 

BANNOCK, Bonnock, Banno, Banna, ?. 
A sort of cake. The bannock is however 
in S. more properly distinguished from 
the cake ; as the dough, of which the for- 
mer is made, is more wet when it is baked. 
It is also toasted on a girdle ; whereas 
cakes are generally toasted before the 
fire, after having been laid for some time 
on a girdle, or on a gridiron, S. A.Bor. 
Bannock, as described by Ray, "is an 
oat cake kneaded with water only, and 
baked in the embers." Bannocks are 
generally made of barley-meal, or peas- 
meal, and cakes of oatmeal. Bannatyne 
Poems. — Ir. boinneog, bunna, Gael, bon- 
nach, a cake or bannock. 

Bear-Bannock, s. A cake of this descrip- 
tion, baked of barley-meal, S. Ritson. 

BANNOCK-EVEN, s. Fastrins-eyen, or 
Shrove-Tuesday, Aberd. 

BANNOCK-FLUKE, 5. The name given 
to the genuine turbot, from its flat form 
as resembling a cake, S. Stat. Ace. V. 

BANNOCK-HIVE, s. Corpulence, induced 
by eating plentifully, S. Jlorison. V.Hive. 

BANNOCK-STICK, s. A wooden instru- 
ment for rolling out bannocks. Jacobite 

BANRENTE, s. A banneret. Acts Ja. I. 

BANSEL, s. What is given for good luck, 
Perths. Synon. Hansel. A.S. ben, pre- 
catio, and sell-an, dare; to give what is 
prayed for. 

BANSTICKLE, Bantickle, s. The three- 
spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculea- 
tus, Linn, S. Barry. 

BAN WIN, s. As many reapers as may be 
served by one bandster, S., Fife. S.A. — 
A.S. band, vinculum, and win, labor. 

BAP, s. 1 . A thick cake baked in the oven, 
generally with yeast, whether made of 
oat-meal, barley-meal, flour of wheat, or 
a mixture, S. Bitson. 2. A roll ; a small 
loaf of wheaten bread,of an oblong form, S. 

BAPPER, s. A vulgar, ludicrous desig- 
nation for a baker ; from Bap. 

BAPTEM,?. Baptism. Fr. Baptane. 

BAR, s. An infant's flannel waistcoat, 
Moray. V. Barrie, synon. 

BAR, s. To play at bar; a species of 
game anciently used in Scotland. It is 
doubtful whether this game is similar to 
that of throwing the sledge-hammer, or 
to one called Prisoners, described in 
" Strutt's Sports and Pastimes." 

BAR, s. The grain in E. called barley; 
bar-meal, barley-meal ; bar-bread, bar- 
bannock, &,c, S.B. In other parts of S. 
bear, bear-meal. — Moes.G. bar, hordeum. 

BAR, s. A boar. V. Bair. 

To BAR, r. n. To bar from bourdes, ap- 
parently to avoid jesting. Bannatyne 
Poems. — Fr. barr-er, to keep at a dis- 

BARBAR, s. A barbarian. M c Ward's 

BARBAR, Barbour, adj. Barbarous ; 
savage. Kennedy. Fr. barbare, id. 

BARBER, s. What is excellent in its 
kind ; the best ; a low term, S. Su.G. 
baer-a, illustrare. 

BARBLES, s. pi. A species of disease. 
Pohcart. — Fr. barbes, a white excrescence 
which grows under the tongue of a calf, 
and hinders it from sucking. 

BARBLYT, part. pa. Barbed. Barbour. 
Fr. barbel e, id. 

BARBOUR'S KNYFE. The ancient name 
of a razor. Act. Bom. Cone. 

BARBULYIE, s. Perplexity ; quandary, 
Roxb. Hoqifs Winter Evening Tales. 

To BARBULYIE, t. a. To disorder ; to 
trouble, Perths. Montgomery. — Fr. bar- 
bouille, confusedly jumbled. 

To BARD, Baird, r. a. To caparison ; to 
adorn with trappings. Lyndsay. V. Bardis. 

BARDIT, Bairdit, pret. and part. pa. 

BARDACH, Bard y, adj. 1. Stout; fear- 
less; determined, S.B. Boss. 2. Iras- 
cible; contentious; and, at the same time, 
uncivil and pertinacious in managing a 
dispute, S. B. Gcdloicay. — Isl. barda, 
pugnax, bardagi; Su.G. bardaga, prae- 

BARDILY, adv. 1. Boldly, with intre- 
pidity, S. 2. Pertly, S. V. Bardach. 

BARDIN, s. Trappings for horses ; the 
same with Bardyngis, only in singular. 




BARDIE, a. A gelded cat, Ang. 

BARDINESS, s. Petulant forwardness ; 
pertness and irascibility, as manifested 
in conversation, S. 

B ARD YNGIS, s. pi. Trappings of horses. 

BARDIS,s.pZ. Trappings. Douglas. Goth. 
bard, a pole-ax. 

BARDISH, adj. Rude; insolent in lan- 
guage. Baillie. — From bard, S. baird, 
a minstrel. 

BARD'S CROFT. The piece of land on 
the property of a chief, hereditarily ap- 
propriated to the family Bard. Waverley. 

BARE, adj. Lean; meagre, S. — A.S. bare, 
baer, nudus ; q. having the bones naked. 

BAREFIT, Barefoot, adj. Barefooted. 

BAREFOOT-BROTH, Barefit-Kail, s. 
Broth made with a little butter, without 
any meat having been boiled in it, 
Aberd. Taylor's Scots Poems. V. Mus- 
lin-Kail, Lentryne-kail. 

To BARGANE, v. n. To fight; to contend. 
Wallace. — Su.G. baer-ia, beanjh-a, ferire, 

BARGANE, s. 1. Fight; battle; skirmish. 
Barbour. 2. Contention ; controversy, 
S.B. Boss. 3. Struggle, S.B. Boss. 

BARGANER,s. Afighter;abully. Dunbar. 

BARGANYNG, s. Fighting. Barbour. 

BAR-GHAIST,s. "Aghostallinwhite,witk 
large saucer eyes, appearing near gates 
or stiles ; in Yorks. called bars. Derived 
from bar and gheist." Grose. Bob Boy. 

BARHEYD, adj. Bare-headed. Aberd. 

To BARK, r. a. 1. To strip a tree of its 
bark, especially for the purpose of tanning, 
S. 2. To tan leather, S. Chalmerl. Air. 
—Su.G. bark-a, decorticare, barka hudar, 
coria glabra reddere. 

To BARKEN, v. n. To clot; to become 
hard. Used with respect to any substance 
that has been in a liquid state, as blood 
or mire, S. Guy Mannering. Part. pa. 
Barknyt. Douglas. 

BARKER, s. A tanner, S. Balfour's 
Pract. — Dan. barker, id. 

BARKING and FLEEING, a phrase used 
to denote one who, especially from pro- 
digality, is believed to be on the eve of 
bankruptcy. The property is then said 
to be barking and jleeing. Old Mortality. 

BARKIT, part. pa. Clotted; hardened. 
" Barkit wi' dirt," incrusted with dirt. 

BARKIT, part. pa. Stripped of the bark. 
Bob Boy. 

BARK-POTIS,s./^. Tan-pits. Aberd.Beg. 

BARLA-BREIKIS, Barley-Bracks, 
A game generally played by young people 
in a corn-yard. Hence called Barla- 
bracks about the stacks, S.B. One stack is 
fixed on as the dule or goal ; and one per- 
son is appointed to catch the rest of the 
company who run out from the dule. He 

does not leave it till they are all out of 
his sight ; then he sets off to catch them. 
Any one who is taken, cannot run out 
again with his former associates, being 
accounted a prisoner ; but is obliged to 
assist his captor in pursuing the rest. 
When all are taken the game is finished ; 
and he who was first taken is bound to 
act as catcher in the next game. This 
innocent sport seems 'to be almost en- 
tirely forgotten in the south of S. It is 
also falling into desuetude in the north. 
— Perhaps from barley and break, q. 
breaking of the parley. This game was 
well known in England. 

B ARLA-FUMMIL, Barla-Fumble. 1 . An 
exclamation for a truce by one who has 
fallen down in wrestling or play. Chr. 
Kirk. 2. It is also used, perhaps impro- 
perly, for a fall. Colvil. — Fr. parlez, foi 
melez, " let us have a truce, and blend 
our faith." 

BARLEY, *. A term used in the games 
of children, when a truce is demanded, S. 
■ — Fr. parlez ; E. parley. 

BARLEY-BOX, s. A small box of a cyl- 
indrical form, now made as a toy for chil- 
dren, but formerly used by farmers for 
carrying samples of barley, or other grain, 
to market, S. In Aberd. it is called 

BARLEY-BREE, s. Liquor made from 
barley ; when fermented, ale, beer, &c. ; 
when distilled, whisky. The juice or 
broth of barley. 

BARLEY-CORN, s. A species of grain, 

BARLEY-FEVER, *-. Sickness occasioned 
by intoxication, S.O. V. Barrel-Fevers. 

BARLEY-MEN. V. Burlaw. 

BARLEY-SICK, adj. Intoxicated; sick 
from too much of' the barley-bree, S.O. 
Song, Wee Wifockie. 

BARLEY-SICKNESS,s. Intoxication, S.O. 

BARLICHOOD, 5. A fit of obstinacy or 
ill-humour, especially as the result of in- 
temperance, S. Sometimes Barleyhood. 
Bamsay. — From barley; as expressing the 
effect of any intoxicating beverage. 

BARLING,?. Afirepole. Bates. 

BARM, s. Yeast, S. A.S. bearm, id. 

To BARM, t. n. To fret ; to fume ; to 
wax wroth, Ettr. For. 

BARME HORS. A horse without a saddle, 
Ang. Wyntown. 

BARMY, adj. 1. Volatile ; giddy. Mont- 
gomery. 2. Passionate ; choleric. " A 
barmy quean," a passionate woman, S. — 
From E. barm, yeast. 

BARMY-BRAINED, adj. Volatile ; giddy. 
St. Bonan. 

BARMING, s. Interest arising from mo- 
ney, Ayrs. The Entail. 

BARMKYN, Bermkyn, s. 1. The rampart 
or outermost fortification of a castle. 
2. An aperture for musketry. Wallace. 



— Fr. barbacanc; or Teut. barm, a mound, 
with the termination kin. 

BARN AGE, s. 1. Barons or noblemen, col- 
lectively viewed. O.Fr. Wallace. 2. A 
military company ; including both chief- 
tains and followers. Douglas. V. Bakne. 

BARNAT, adj. Native. Our barnat land, 
q. the land of our bamheid or nativity. 

BARNE, s. The same with Barnage. 
O.Fr. barnez, nobility. Wallace. 

BARNE, s. A child. V. Bairn. 

BARN-DOOR FOWL, s. A dunghill fowl. 
Bride of Lammermoor. 

BARNE, s. Apparently for barme, bosom. 

BARNEAIGE, Barnage, s. Childhood. 
Aberd, Rrq. 

BARNEHE1D, s. Childhood ; also, child- 
ishness. V. Bairn. 

BARNY, s. Abbrev. of the name Barnaby 
or Barnabas. 

BARNMAN, Barnsman, s. One who la- 
bours in the barn. 

BARNS-BREAKING, s. 1 . Any mischiev- 
ous or injurious action; in allusion to the 
act of breaking up a barn for carrying off 
corn, S. Fortunes of Nigel. 2. Au idle 
frolic. Gl. Antiquary. 

BARNYARD, Barnyaird, s. An enclo- 
sure, or court, adjoining the barn, in which 
grain or straw is stacked, S. Burns. 

fresh-coloured girl, who appears hand- 
some in the eyes of the vulgar, S. 

BARRAGE, Barras, Barres, Barrowis, s. 
1. A barrier; an outwork at the gate of 
a castle. Wyntoicn. 2. An enclosure made 
of felled trees for the defence of armed 
men. Wallace. 3. Lists for combatants. 
Douglas. — O.Fr. barres, palaestra. 

BARRAS-DORE, s. A door made of bars 
of wood, alike distant from each other, 

BARRAT, s. 1. Hostile intercourse ; battle. 
Wallace. 2. Contention, of whatever kind. 
Dunbar. 3. Grief; vexation; trouble. 
Gawan and Gol. — Su.G. Isl. baratta, 
BARRATRIE, s. The crime of clergymen 
who went abroad to purchase benefices 
from the see of Rome for money. Acts 
Ja. I. — L.B. baratria, from O.Fr. barat, 
BARREL-FEVERS, 8. pi. A term used 
by the vulgar, to denote the disorder 
produced in the body by intemperate 
drinking, S. V. Barley-Fever. The 
Dutch have a similar designation; kelder- 
koorts, the cellar-ague. 
BARRIE,.?. LA swaddling cloth of flannel, 
in which the legs of au infant are wrapped 
for defending them from the cold, S. 2. A 
woman's under-petticoat, Ayrs. 
BARRITCIIFU', adj. Harsh; stern ; un- 


feeling; cruel. Perhaps barrat-full, from 
barrat, hostile intercourse, contention. 

To BARROW, r. a. To borrow, S.O. 
Beg. Dalton. 

BARROWMAN,s. One who carries stones, 
mortar, &c, to masons on a haud-6arnnr. 
Tenant's Card. Beaton. 

BARROWSTEEL, s. Equal cooperation. 
When a man and his wife draw well to- 
gether, each is said to keep up his or her 
ain barrowsteel, Roxb. A.S. and O.E. 
stele, a handle. In working together, 
each keeps up the hands of the barrow. 

BARROW-TRAM, s. 1. The limb of a 
hand-barrow. 2. Applied jocularly to 
a raw-boned, awkward-looking person, S. 

BARS, s. A grate, Roxb. q. ribs of iron. 

BARSK, adj. Harsh; husky. Allan. V. 

BAR-STANE, s. One of the upright stones 
in which the ribs of a grate are fixed, 
Roxb. Syn. Catstane. 

BARTANE, s. Great Britain. Bannatync 

BARTANE CLAYTH. Perhaps cloth of 
Britain, or of Bretagne, or of a town 
named Barton. 

BARTANYE,Bertanye,s. Britanny. Bcl- 

BARTENYIE. Bartenyie falcones. Ban- 
natyne's Journal. Perhaps artillery made 
in Brittany. 

BARTILL, Brattil, s. Abbrev. of Bar- 

BART ILL-DAY, s. St. Bartholomew's 
Day in the Roman Catholic Calendar. 
Aberd. Beg. 

To BARTIR, r. a. To lodge, properly on 
free quarters. — Teut. bartcer-en, exigere 

BARTIZAN, Bertisene, s. LA battle- 
ment on the top of a house or castle, or 
around a spire, S. Statist. Ace. 2. Any 
kind of fence, as of stone or wood, 
Mearns. — O.Fr. bretesche, wooden towers 
used for defence ; Ital. bcrtesca. 

BASE DANCE, A kind of dance, slow and 
formal in its motions. Complaynt S. — 
Fr. basse danse. 
To BASH, r. a. 1. To beat to shreds. 
Loth. Smash synon. 2. To beat with 
severe strokes, S.O. 3. To dint or injure 
by crushing. — Su.G. bas-a, to strike. 
BASH, s. LA blow, S. 2. A dint caused 

by a blow, Lanarks. S.A. 
To BASH up, r. a. To bow or bend the 
point of an iron instrument inwards, 
To BASHLE, r. a. V. Baichle, r. 
BASING, Bassing, s. A bason ; pi. bas- 

ingis. Bellendcn. Fr. bassin, id. 
BASIT, part. pa. Apparently humbled ; 
abased. Bellenden. — O.Fr. abais-er, to 
humble ; to abase. 
BASK, adj. Very dry. A bask day ; a dry 
withering day, Dumfr. 




BASNATIS, *. pi. Apparently small 
bowls or basons ; from Fr. basinette, a 
small bason. 

BASNET, s. A helmet. V. Bassanet. 

BA'-SPELL, Ba'-Speil, s, A match at 
football, Aberd. S.A. V. Bonspel. 

BASS. 1. This term is used in S. for the 
inner bark of a tree. 2. A mat laid at 
a door for cleaning the feet ; also, one 
used for packing bales, S. 3. A table- 
mat to prevent hot dishes from staining 
the table. — Teut. bast, cortex. 

BASS AN AT, Basnet, s. A helmet. Acts 
Ja. I V.- — O.Fr. bacinet, bassinet, a hat 
or casque of steel, very light, made in the 
form of a bason. 

BASSE FEE. Base fee, a term in English 
law ; " a tenure in fee at the will of the 
lord, distinguished from Soccage free ten- 
ure." — " What may be defeated by limi- 
tation or entry." Coke. 

BASSEN'D, adj. V. Bawsand. 

B ASSIE, Bassy, Basey, s. A large wooden 
dish, used for carrying meal from the gir- 
nal to the bakeboard ; or for containing 
the meal designed for immediate use. 
S.B. Ross. — Fr. bassin, a bason. 

B ASSIE, s. An old horse, Clydes. Loth. 
V. Bawsand. 

BASSIL, s. A long cannon, or piece of 
ordnance. Pitscuttie. — Abbrev. from Fr. 

BASSIN, adj. Of or belonging to rushes. 
Douglas. — Teut. biese, juncus, scirpus. 
L.B. basse, a collar for cart-horses made 
of flags. 

BASSINAT,s. Some kind of fish. Bellen- 

BASSNYT, adj. White-faced. Gl. Sibb. 
V. Bawsand. 

BAST, fret. Beat ; struck.— Su.G. basa, 
Isl. beysta, to strike. V. Baist. 

BASTAILYIE, s. A bulwark ; a block- 
house. Bellenden. — Fr. bastille, a fort- 
ress ; a castle furnished with towers. 

BASTANT,«<7/. Possessed of ability. Mon- 
ro's Exped. — Fr.6«sZa»£,whatis sufficient. 

BASTARD PYP. Probably a small pipe. 
" Ane bastard pyp of fegis and raisingis." 
Aberd. Req. 

BASTIES, Bastish, adj. 1. Coarse, hard, 
bound; applied to soil. 2. Obstinate, ap- 
plied to temper, Ayrs. Teut. Isl. bast, 
cortex, q. covered with bark, having a 
hard coat on it. Su.G. basta, to bind. 

BASTILE, Bastel, s. A fortress, princi- 
pally meant for securing prisoners, South 
of S. Statist. Ace. V. Bastailyie. 

BASTOUN, s. A heavy staff; a baton. 
Douglas. — Fr. boston, baton, id. 

BAT, s. A staple ; a loop of iron, S. 

BAT, s. A blow on the side of the head, 

To BAT, r. a. To strike ; to beat, Ettr. 
For.— O.Goth, batt-a, Alem. butt-en. Fr. 
batt-re, id. 

BAT, 8. Condition ; as, " About the auld 
bat," in an ordinary state, Roxb. About 
a bat, upon a par, Ettr. For. 

BAT, s. A holme ; a river island, Tweedd. 
V. Ana. 

BATAILL, Battall, s. 1. Order of battle; 
battle array. Barbour. 2. A division of 
an army ; a battalion. Barbour. 3. It 
seems to signify military equipment. 
Barbour. — Fr. bataille, order of battle ; 
also, a squadron, battalion, or part of an 
army ; deduced from Germ, batt-eu, cae- 
dere ; A.S. beatt-an, id. 

* BATCH, s. A crew ; a gang, properly of 
those who are viewed as of the same kid- 
ney or profession. Burns. 

BATCHELOR COAL, s. A species of dead 
coal, which appears white in the fire. 
Sutherl. V. Gaist, sense 3. 

BATE, Bait, s. A boat. Barbour.— A.S. 
Alem. Isl. and Su.G. bat; C.B. and Ir. bad, 

BATHE, Baith, Bayth, Baid, adj. Both, 
S. Baid is the prou. of Angus. Some 
of our old writers apply both to more than 
two persons or things. Wyntou-n. — Moes. 
G. ba, bai, bagoth ; A.S. ba, buta ; Alem. 
bedia,bedu,beidu; Isl. and Su.G. bade ; 
Dan. baade ; Germ, beide ; Belg. beyde ; 

To BATHER, Badder, r. a. To fatigue by 
ceaseless prating, or by impertinent re- 
monstrances. Syn. Bother. Heart Mid- 

BATHER, Baddee, s. Plague ; trouble ; 
prating; applied to a troublesome person. 
C.B. baldordd, tattle. 

BATHIE,s. Abbrev.ofthenameJBrfAia,S.B. 

BATHIE, s. A booth or hovel ; a summer 
shealing ; a hunting-seat of boughs, &c. 
Lea. of Montrose. V. Bothie. 

BATIEJ Bawty, s. 1. A name for a dog, 
without any particular respect to species; 
generally given, however, to those of a 
larger size, S. Poems Buchan Dial. 2. 
Metaph. like E. dog, a term of contempt 
for a man. 3. A common name for a 
hare, Roxb.— Perhaps from O.Fr. baud, 
a white hound; baud-ir, to excite dogs 
to the chase. 

BATIE, Bawtie, adj. Round and plump; 
applied either to man or beast, Clydes. 
Perhaps from A.S. bat-an, inescare, q. to 
bait well. 

BATIE-BUM, Batie-Bumjiil,s. A simple- 
ton ; an inactive fellow. V. Blaitiebum. 
Maitland P.— From batie, a dog, and 
bum, to make a humming noise. Teut. 
bommel, a drone. 

BATON, s. The instrument for beating 
mortar, Aberd. 

BATRONS, «. A name given to the cat. 
Ayrs. Elsewhere Badrans, Bauthrans, 
q. v. Pickets Poems. 

BATS,s. pi. 1. The Bots; a disease in horses 
caused by small worms. 2. Ludicrously 




applied to a bowel complaint, and to the 
colic in men, S.O. Polwart. — Teut. botte, 
papula, a swelling with many reddish 
pimples that eat and spread. Swed. bett, 
pediculi, from bit-a, mordere. 

BATT, s. To keep one at the Batt ; to keep 
one steady. Hogg's Winter Tales— Fr. 
batte," the boulster of a saddle," Cotgr. 

BATTALL, s. A battalion. V. Bataill. 

BATTALLINE, s. Perhaps a projection 
or kind of verandah of stone. Descr. 
Chanonry of Aberd. 

BATTALLING, Battelling, s. A battle- 
ment. Douglas. — Fr. bastille, batille, tur- 
riculis fastigiatus. 

BATTALOUSS, adj. Brave in fight. Col- 
kelbie Soto. 

BATTAR-AX, s. A battle-ax. Dunbar. 
— Fr. battre,Ital.baUar'e } to strike ; also, 
to fight. 

B ATTART, Battard, Batter, s. A small 
cannon. Inventories. — Fr. bastarde, "a 
demie-cannon or demie-culverin ; a smal- 
ler piece of any kind," Cotgr. 

BATTELL, adj. Rich for pasture. JBel- 
lenden. V. Baittle. 

To BATTER, r. a. 1. To lay a stone so as 
to make it incline to one side, or to hew 
it obliquely ; a term used in masonry, S. 
2. To give a wall, in building it, an in- 
clination inwards, S. — Fr. battre, to beat. 

BATTER, s. 1 . The slope given to a wall 
in building, by which it is made narrower 
from the bottom upwards. 2. Used also 
to denote an expansion or widening as a 
wall rises. 

BATTER, s. A species of artillery. V. 

To BATTER, v. a. To paste ; to cause one 
body to adhere to another by means of a 
viscous substance, S. 

BATTER, s. A glutinous substance, used 
for producing adhesion ; paste, S. 

BATTICK, s. A piece of firm land be- 
tween two rivulets, or two branches of 
the same river, Loth. V. Battock. 

B ATTILL-GERS. " Thick, rank, like men 
in order of battle." Rudd. — This, how- 
ever, may be the same with baittle, ap- 
plied to grass that is well stocked, South 
of S. — Teut. battel and bottel-boom, denote 
the arbutus, or wild strawberry tree. 

BATTIRT,s. A small cannon. Invento- 
ries. V. Battart. 

BATTLE, adj. Thick ; squat ; as, " a 
battle horse"; otherwise called a punch 
pony, Buclian. V. Battell. 

BATTLE of Strae. A bundle of straw, 
Loth. E. Bottle. 

To BATTLE Strae. To make up straw in 
small parcels, battles, or E. bottles. 

BATTOCK, s. A tuft of grass, a spot of 
gravel, or ground of any kind, surround- 
ed by water, Selkirks. Gael, bad, a tuft. 
V. Bat, a holme. 

BATWARD, s, A boatman : literally, a 

boatkeeper. Wyntoym. — lsl.bat, cymba, 
and rard, vigil ; Swed. ward, custodia. 

BAVARD, adj. Worn out ; in a state of 
bankruptcy. Baiter and baiver-like, are 
used in S. to signify shabby in dress and 
appearance. Baillie. V. Bevar. — Fr. 
bavard, bareur, a driveller ; also, a bab- 

BAVARIE, a. 1. A great-coat. 2. Figu- 
ratively, a disguise, or what is employed 
to cover moral turpitude. Picken's Poems. 

BAUB, s. Beat of drum ; S. ruff. Perhaps 
of the same origin with E. bob, to strike ; 
to beat; or allied to Belg. babb-en, garrire, 
from the quick reiterated strokes, when 
a roll is beat. 

BAUBLE, s. A short stick, with a head 
carved at the end of it like a poupie, or 
doll, carried by the fools or jesters of for- 
mer times. Lord Hailes. — Fr. babiole, a 
toy, a gewgaw. 

BAUCH, Baugh, Baach, (gutt.) adj. 1. 
Ungrateful to the taste.' In this 'sense 
waugh is now used, S. Polwart. 2. Not 
good ; insufficient in whatever respect, 
S. ; as, " a baugh tradesman," one who is 
far from excelling in his profession. 
Ramsay. Bauch-shod, a term applied to 
a horse when his shoes are much worn, S. 
3. Indifferent ; sorry ; not respectable, S. 
Ramsay. 4. Not slippery. In this sense 
ice is said to be bauch, when there has 
been a partial thaw. The opposite is 
slid or gleg, S. 5. Applied to tools that are 
turned in the edge ; opposed to Gleg, S.B. 
6. Abashed ; as, " He lookit unco baugh," 
he looked much out of countenance, 
Perths. 7. Backward ; reluctant from 
timidity, Clydes. 8. Tired; jaded, 
South of S. Jacob. Rel. .0. Not thriv- 
ing ; without animation, Moray. — Isl. 
bag-iir, reluctans, renuens ; bage, jactura, 
nocumentum, (offals) ; baga, bardum et 
insulsum carmen. 

To BAUCHLE, Bachle, v. n. 1 . To shamble ; 
to move loosely on the hinder legs, S. 
2. To walk as those having flat soles, 
Lanarks. V. r. a. 

To BAUCHLE, Bawchyll, Bachle, (gutt.) 
Bashle, v. a. 1. To wrench ; to distort ; 
to put out of shape; as, "to bauchle shoon" 
to wear shoes in so slovenly a way as to 
let them fall down in the heels, S. Journ. 
London. 2. To treat contemptuously ; 
to vilify. Wallace. 3. To Bauchle a 
lass, to jilt a young woman, Loth. 
Bashle may be allied to Fr. bossel-er, to 
bruise. — Isl. baekell, luxatus, valgus, 
shambling ; biag-a, violare, whence Iriag- 
adr, luxatus, membrorumvaletudine vio- 

BAUCHLE, Bachel,s. 1. An old shoe, 
used as a slipper, S. 2. Whatsoever is 
treated with contempt or disrespect. To 
mak a bauchle of anything, to use it so 
frequently and familiarly, as to show that 




one has no respect for it, S. A person set 
up as the butt of a compauy, or a laugh- 
ing-stock, is said to be made a handle 
of. Ferguson's Proc. 3. A mean, feeble 
creature. Hogg. 

BAUCHLES, «. pi. Two pieces of wood, 
fixed longitudinally one on each side of 
a cart, without the body, to extend the 
surface, Perths. 

BAUCHLY, adv. Sorrily ; indifferently, 
S. Ramsay. From Bauch, adj. 

BAUCHLING, s. Taunting ; scornful and 
contumelious rallying. Balfour's Pract. 

BAUCHNESS, s. Want ; defect of any 
kind, S. Ibid. 

BAUD, Bawd, s. A baud of whins; a 
quantity, or bed, of whins growing closely 
together, covering a considerable space, 
Loth. Gael, bad, a tuft. 

BAUDRONS, s. A kindly designation for 
a cat, S. Bord. Minstrelsy. V. Badrans. 

To BAVER, v. n. To shake, Renfr.— Teut. 
beven, Belg. beeven, to tremble, beever, a 

To BAUF, v. n. To make a clattering 
noise with the shoes in walking, Dunrfr. 
V. Baff, Beff, to beat, to strike. 

BAUGIE, s. An ornament ; as, a ring, a 
bracelet. Douglas. — Teut. bagge, gemma ; 
Isl. baug-r ; Alem. bong ; A.S. beag ; Fr. 
bague ; Ital. bagua, annulus. 

BAUK, Bawk, s. A strip of land left un- 
ploughed, two or three feet in breadth, 
S. Statist. Ace. — A.S. and C.B. bale, 
Su.G. ball; porca, a ridge of land between 
two furrows ; Isl. baidkur, lira in agro, 
vel alia soli eminentia minor. 

To BAUK,r. n. To leave small strips of 
land not turned up in ploughing, S. 

BAUK, Bawk, s. 1. One of the cross-beams 
in the roof of a house, which support and 
unite the rafters, S. 2. Banks in pi. 
expl. the lofting of a house, Ettr. For. 
The flat inner roof of a cottage. 3. The 
beam by which scales are suspended in 
a balance, S. Teut. balck icaeghe, a bal- 
ance. We invert the term, making it 
tceigh-bauks. — Germ, balk; Belg. balck; 
Dan. bielke, a beam. 

Back-height, Bawk-Height, adv. As 
high as the bauks or cross-beams of a house 
or barn, S. 

To Loup Bauk-Height. To spring as high 
as the cross-beams in a house, S. The 
Farmer's Ha'. 

To Stenn or Stend Bauk-Height. Same 
as above, Aberd. 

BAUKIE,*. Thebat,S.B. V.Bak,Backie- 


BAUKIE, g. A tether-stake, Buchan. V. 

To BAUKIE, r. a. To raise a person on 

one's shoulders to any object beyond his 

reach, Ayrs. 
BAUKIE, a. The razorbill, or Auk, Alca 

torda, Orkn. Barry. 

BAUKS and BREDS. A beam and boards 
for weighing bulky articles, as wool, &c, 
Teviotd. — Dan. and A.S. braede, a board. 

To BAULD the glead. To blow up the fire; 
to make it bold ; to kindle the glowing 
coal, Roxb. A. Scott's Poems. 

BAULDIE, s. Abbrev. of the name Archi- 
bald, S. Gentle Shepherd. 

BAULDLIE, adv. Boldly, S. JST. Burne. 

BAULDNESS, s. Boldness ; audacity, S. 
JY. Burne. V. Bald, Bauld. 

BAUSY, adj. Big ; strong. Dunbar. — 
Su.G. basse, vir potens. 

BAUTIE, adj. Guileful, Clydes. Perhaps 
from Fr. bath; (part. pa. bati,) to frame, 
to contrive. 

BAUWIE, s. A broad, shallow milk-dish, 
Roxb. Syn. Bowie. 

BAW, s. The calf of the leg, Galloway. 
Davidson's Seasons. 

To BAW, v. a. To hush ; to lull. Watson. 
— Fr. bas, low. V. Balow. 

BAW, s. 1. A ball, used in play, S. Bam- 
say. 2. Money given to school-boys by 
a marriage company, to prevent their 
being maltreated ; as otherwise they claim 
a right to cut the bride's gown, S. This 
is the same with Ball money, E. V. 
Coles. — Corr. from E. ball. 

BAWAW, s. An oblique look, implying 
contempt or scorn, S.B. Boss. 

BAWAW, s. Used as a ludicrous term for 
a child, Ettr. For. 

BAWBEE-ROW, g. A halfpenny roll, S. 
St. Bo nan. 

BAWBIE,*. A half-penny. V. Babie. 

BAWBREK, Bawbrick, s. A kneading- 
trough, or a board used for the same pur- 
pose in baking bread, Loth. Roxb. — A.S. 
bacan, or Dan. bager, to bake, and Dan. 
brikke, a little round table. 

BAWBRIE, ,o. A broil ; a great noise ; a 
gipsy term, Roxb. 

BAWBURD, Bawbret, s. The baking- 
board. V. Bawbrek. — A.S. bacan, to 
bake, and bord, a table. V. Burd. 

BAWBURD, s. The larboard, or the left 
side of a ship. Douglas. — Fr. bas-bord ; 
Isl. bagborda, id. 

BAWD, s. A hare, Aberd. Poems Buchan 
Dial. — A.S. Ir. and Gael, miol denotes a 
beast of whatever kind ; miol bhuide, or 
boide, is a hare ; also patas. 

BAWD-BREE, ?. Hare-soup, Aberd. 

BAWDEKYN, s. Cloth of gold.— Fr. bal- 
dachin, baldaquin, baudequin, L.B. balda- 
chin inn, tissue de fil d'or. 

BAWGIE, g. The great black and white 
gull. Shetl. Edmonstone. 

To BAWME, v. a. 1. To embalm. Fr. em- 
baum-er. Wyntown. 2. To cherish ; to 
warm. Douglas. 

BAWSAND, Bassand, Bawsint, adj. 1. 
Having a white spot on the forehead or 
face ; a term applied to a horse, cow, &c, 
S. Douqlas. 2. It seems to be used as 



equivalent to bridled or streaked, S.A. 
Minstrelsy Bord. Hence, it would seem, 
lassie, an old horse, S. — Fr. balzan, bal- 
san, a horse that has a white mark on 
the feet ; deduced from Ital. balzano, and 
this from Lat. bal-ius, a horse that has a 
white mark either on the forehead or feet. 
Germ, blaesse, Su.G. Maes, a white mark 
on the forehead of a horse. Hence, per- 
haps, E. blazon, and blaze. 

BAWS Y-BROWN, s. A hobgoblin ; viewed 
as the same with Robin Goodfellow of 
England, and Brownie of S. Bannatyne 
Poems. — Perhaps from Su.G. basse, vir 
potens, V. Bausy; or base, spectrum, and 
brun, fuscus, q. the strong goblin of a 
brown appearance. 

BAXTER, 8. A baker, S. V. Baksxeb. 

BAZED, Based, B\sii,part. pa. Confused ; 
stupid ; stupified ; synon. dosed. Wat- 
son's Coll. Maitland Poems. — Teut. baes- 
en, delirare ; Belg. byse, bysen, turbatus ; 
Su.G. bes-a denotes the state of animals 
so stung by insects, that they are driven 
hither and thither ; Fr. bez-er, id. 

BE, prep. 1. By ; as denoting the cause, 
agent, or instrument, S. Barbour. 2. 
Towards, in composition ; as, be-east, to- 
wards the east ; be-west, towards the west, 

5. Wyntown. 3. Of, concerning ; as, 
be the, concerning thee. Wallace. 4. 
By the time that. Diallog. 5. During, 
expressive of the lapse of time. Keith. 

6. Without the aid of ; besides. 7. From. 
8. In comparison with ; compared with ; 
V. Beis. 9. Than, Roxb. This field is 
bigger be that. — A.S. be, per, de, circa. 
Be than, by that time. 

BE, part. pa. Been. Douglas. 

To BE, v. stibst. Used in the same sense 
with Let, or Let be ; not to mention ; not 
to speak of ; to except, S. 

To BE WF, r. a. To tolerate ; to bear 
with, S.B. ; applied both to persons and 

BEAD. To make a bead ; said when a ring 
of people is hastily formed on any hur- 
ried or important business, S. 

BEAD, s. A cant term for a glass of spirits 
in Upp. Lanarks. ; also in Edinburgh. 

BEADHOUSE,s. An alms-house, S.B. V. 
Bede ; or under Bedis. 

* BEAGLE, s. 1 . A bumbailiff. Siller Gun. 
2. " A pretty beagle," one having an odd 
appearance from being bespattered with 
mud, &c, Teviotd. 

BEAL, s. An opening between hills ; a 
narrow pass. Leg. Montrose. — Ir. and 
Gael, beal, the mouth. 

To BEAL, t. n. To suppurate. V. Beil. 

To BEAM, Bein, r. a. To beam the pot; 
to warm or season the tea-pot before put- 
ting in the tea. — Fr. baign-er, to moisten, 
to wash. 

BEAMFULT, adj. Indulged, Aberd.— Isl. 


beima, domus, an&fylla, implere ; full of 
BEAM-SHIN'D, adj. Having the shin- 
bone rising with a sort of curve, S. 
BEAN, acT/. Comfortable; snug. V. Bene. 
BEAND, part. pr. Being. A.S. beond, ex- 
istens, part. pr. of beon, to be. Bellenden. 
BEANSHAW. V. Benshaw. 
BEAN-SWAUP, s. 1. The hull of a bean. 
2. Anything of no value or strength. 
Perils of Man. 
To BEAR, Ber, Bere, t. a. To bear on 
hand, to affirm, to relate. Wyntown. — 
To bear upon, to restrain one's self, S.B. 
Boss. To bear hand to, to support ; to 
lend assistance to. Bruce. Bear a hand, 
lend your aid, give your help. 
BEAR, Bere, g. Barley, having four rows 
of grains, S. Hordeum vulgare, Linn. 
Wyntown. — A.S. bere, Moes.G. bar, hor- 
BEAR-CURN, s. A sort of hand-mill, Fife, 
used instead of the Bear-stane. V. Curn,?\ 
BEAR-FEYS, s. Land appropriated to 

raising barley, Galloway. 
BEAR-LAND. Land appropriated for a 
crop of barley, S. To go through the bear 
land icith one, to tell him all the grounds 
of umbrage at his conduct; to pluck a crow 
with him, S. 
BEAR-LAVE, Bear-Leave, s. Ground the 
first year after it has been cropped with 
bear, Lanarks. Apparently, ground left 
by bear. — A.S. laf, laef, reliquiae. 
BEAR-MEAL-RAIK, s. A fruitless er- 
rand. Perhaps originating from the dis- 
appointment of one who goes out in quest 
of oatmeal, and is obliged to be satisfied 
with barley-meal, Upp. Lanarks. 
BEAR-MEAL-WIFE,?. A woman who 

cannot pay her debt, Ang. 
BEAR-MELL, s. A mallet for beating 

the hulls off barley. V. Knockin-Meix. 
BEAR-PUNDLAR, s. An instrument for 
weighing barley, Orkn. V. Lesh-Pund. 
BEAR-ROOT, Beer-Root, g. The first 
crop after bear or barley. Ayr. Sure. 
BEAR-SEED, Beer-Seed, Beir-Seed, s. 
1. Barley or big, S. 2. The labour ap- 
propriated to the raising of barley. Acts 
Ja. VI. 3. The season for sowing bar- 
ley. V. Beir-Seid. 
BEAR-SEED-BIRD, g. The yellow wag- 
tail, Motacilla flava, Linn. ; Loth. Roxb. 
BEAR-STANE, s. Ahollow stone anciently 
used for removing the husks of bear or 
barley, S. 
BEARANCE, g. Toleration, S. /. Nicol. 
* BEARD, s. Credulous people believe that 
if a female child is baptized immediately 
before a boy, she will certainly carry off 
the beard which of right belongs to him, 
S. Hence parents like to know the sexes 
of the infants, that they may be presented 
in due order. 




BEARDIE,s. The three-Spined stickle- 
back ; a loach, S., called Beardie from 
the six small fibres or beards on its upper 

BEARDIE-LOWIE, s. The same as above, 

To BEARGE, r. n. To persist in clamorous 
repetition though disregarded. Gl. Surv. 

BEAR1S BEFOR, Ancestors. Wallace. 
A translation of Lat. antecessors. 

BEAR-TREE,s. Perhaps a spoke used for 
carrying the dead to the place of inter- 
ment. Beir-tree, however, signifies the 
bier itself, Aberd. 

To BEAST, r. a. To vanquish. V. Baist. 

BEAST, s. To Put the Beast on one's self, 
to take shame to one's self. This, per- 
haps, refers to the person called the baist, 
who submits to be struck in the games of 

* BEAST, g. 1. Any living creature in S. 
save man. 2. A horse, by way of eminence, 
is called the beast. 

BEASTIE, s. A diminutive from Beast ; 
generally used as expressive of affection 
or sympathy, S. Burns. 

BEAT, s. A stroke, a blow, a contusion, 
S.B. Apparently the same with Byt, used 
in this sense by Douglas. 

BEAT OF LINT, s. A sheaf of flax made 
up for the mill. V. Beet. 

BEAT-THE-BADGER, s. An old game 
used in Fife ; perhaps Bannet-fire, q. v. 

BEATTIE, s. Abbreviation of the female 
name Beatrix. It is differently sounded 
from Betty, which is used for Elizabeth. 

To BEB, v. n. To drink immoderately; to 
swill ; to be addicted to intoxicating 
liquor, Ettr. For. E. to bib. 

To BEBBLE, v. a. 1. To swallow any li- 
quid in small, but frequent draughts ; 
whether the liquor be intoxicating or not, 
S. 2. To Tipple, r. n. " He's ay beb- 
bling and drinking " ; he is much given 
to tippling, S. It seems to be formed 
from Lat. bibere to drink, in the same 
manner as bibulus, soaking, drinking, or 
taking it wet. 

To BECHLE, (gutt.) v. n. To cough, Upp. 

BECHLE, s. A settled cough, Upp. Clydes. 

BECHT, part. pa. Tied ; Gl. Rudd. Germ. 
bieg-en, flectere, is probably the origin. 

BECK, s. Probably a brook or rivulet. 
Sir A. Balfour's Lett.— A.S. becc, Su.G. 
baeck, Teut. beie, rivus. 

To BECK, Bek, v. n. 1. To make obei- 
sance, to cringe, S. Bannatyne Poems. 2. 
To curtsy ; as restricted to the obeisance 
made by a woman, and contradistin- 
guished from bowing. — Isl. beig-a, Germ. 
bieg-en, to bow. 

BECK, Bek, s. A curtsy, S. Maitland 

BECKIE, ?. Abbreviation of Rebecca, S. 

BECKLET, 8. An under- waistcoat, or flan- 
nel shirt. V. Baiklet. 

BED, pret. Abode. Poems \6th Century. 
A.S. bad, tarried, from bid-an. 

BED. A woman, when she has born a 
child, is said to get her bed, Loth. 

To BED, v. a. To supply a horse or cow 
with litter, S. 

BEDDING of a horse, s. Litter, S. 

* BED, ^. In Scotland it is deemed unlucky 
by many, in making a bed, to leave their 
work before it be finished. The least evil 
that can be looked for, is that the person 
for whom it is made will sleep none that 
night. It is hence accounted a sufficient 
reason, that they were making a bed, for 
servants not answering the bell or a call 
given in any way whatever. 

BED-EVIL, s. Sickness, or indisposition, 
which confines the patient to bed. Bal- 
four's Pract. From A.S. bed, lectus, and 
yfel, malum. V. Bed-seik. 

BEDFALLOW, s. Used as equivalent to 
spouse or wife. Acts J a. VI. 

BED-LARE, s. Cheld bed lare, childbed. 
Act. Bom. Cone. 

BED-LARE, adj. Bedrid; confined to bed. 
This is an inversion of A.S. leger-bedd, 
" a bed or couch," also, " a sick man's bed, 
a deathbed." Leger, a bed, is, however, 
more commonly transferred to the cause 
of recumbency'; denoting sickness, dis- 
ease, &c. 

BED-PLADES, s. pi. Blankets.— Gael. 
plaide, a blanket. 

BED-SEIK, adj. Confined to bed by in- 
disposition. Balfour's Pract. — A.S. seoc, 
sick, occurs in various composite terms ; 
as deofol-seoc, demoniacus, i. e. devil-sick ; 
moneth-seoc, lunaticus, month-sick ; fylle- 
seoc, epilepticus, or having the falling 
sickness. V. Bed-Evil. 

BEDDY, adj. Expressive of a quality in 
greyhounds ; the sense uncertain. Wat- 
son's Coll. It may signify, attentive to 
the cry of the huntsman. Fr. baude, 
" a cry as of hounds, Breton ;" Cotgr. It 
may, however, be the same word which 
occurs in the S. Prov. ; " Breeding wives 
are ay beddie ;" Kelly, p. 75. "Cove- 
tous of some silly things," N. In this 
sense it is probably allied to Isl. beid-a, 
A.S.bidd-an, Moes. G. bid-jan,Belg. bidd- 
en, to ask, to supplicate, to solicit. 

BEDE, pret. Offered ; from the v. Bid. 
Sir Gaican and Sir Gal. Chaucer uses 
the v. Bede as signifying to offer. — A.S. 
baed, obtulit, from beodan. 

BEDE-HOUSE, Bead-House, s. A term 
used for an alms-house, S.B. Statist. Ace. 

BEDE-MAN, Beidman, s. 1. A person who 
resides in a bede-house, or is supported 
from the funds appropriated for this pur- 
pose, S. Statist. Ace. 2. In the Court 
of Exchequer, this term is used to denote 
one of that class of paupers who enjoy the 




royal bounty. Each of these beidmen, 
annually, on his Majesty's birth-day, re- 
ceives a blue great-coat, or gown, as it is 
denominated, (whence they are vulgarly 
called Blue-gowns,) with a badge, which 
marks their privilege of begging ; and at 
the same time, a loaf of bread, a bottle of 
ale, a leathern purse, and in it a penny 
for every year of the king's life. Every 
birth-day, another beidman is added to 
the number, as a penny is added to the 
salary of each of them. The designation 
has originated from some religious foun- 
dation, in times of popery. Bedman 
occurs in O.E. V. Assoilyie, sense 3. 
The origin is A.S. bead, a prayer. Hence, 
says Verstegan, the name of Beads, " they 
being made to pray on, and Beadsman." 

BEDELUIN, part. pa. Buried, hid under 
ground. Douglas. — A.S. bedel/en, sepul- 
tus, infossus ; bedelf-an, circumfodere. 

BEDENE, By Dene, adv. 1. Quickly, 
forthwith. Barbour. 2. It seems also 
to signify, besides, moreover, in addition, 
as respecting persons. Gaican and Gol. 
3. It undoubtedly signifies, in succession, 
or " one after another." Gawan and Gol. 
— As belyve, very similar in sense, is un- 
doubtedly the imperat. of belif-an, q. 
wait, stay ; bedeen may have been formed 
in the same manner, from Germ, bedien- 
en, to serve, to obey. 

BEDYIT, part. pa. Dipped. Douglas.— 
A.S. deaq-an, tingere. 

To BEDINK, v. a. To dress out trimly, 
Roxb. V. Dink, Dexk. 

BEDIS, s. pi. Prayers. King's Qua'tr. 
Germ, bed-en ; Germ, ge-be't, prayer. 
— Hence O.E. bidde, and the phrase, to 
bidde prayers, to ask, to solicit them. 

BEDOYF, part. pa. Besmeared, fouled. 
Douglas. — Su.G. doft, dupt, pulvis ; or 
A.S. bedof-en, submersus, dipped. 

BEDOWIN, part. pa. Douglas.— Rudd. 
expl. bedoicyne, besmeared, deriving it 
from Belg. bedaawen, to bedew, or 

BEDRAL, .<?. A beadle ; a sexton. Guy 
Mannering. V. Betherel. 

BEDRAL, s. A person who is bedrid. V. 

BEDREL, adj. Bedrid, Galloway. Dou- 
glas— Corr. perhaps from A.S. bedrida, 
id. ; Teut. bedder, clinicus, Germ, bed- 

BEDRITE, r. a. To befoul with ordure. 

BEDRITTEN, Bedirtex, part. pa. De- 
filed with excrement, S. Evergreen. 

BEDS, s. The Hop-Scotch, or Pallall, a 
game of children ; sometimes also called 
the Squares. In Aberd. the spaces 
marked out are circular. 

BEDSHANK, s. Buttermilk ; sour doock, 

BEDUNDER'D, part. pa. Rtupified, con- 

founded, S. q. having the ear deafened by 
noise. — Su.G. dundr-a, Belg. donder-en, 
tonare, to thunder. 

BEE, ^. The hollow between the ribs and 
hip-bone of a horse, S.B. Perhaps from 
A.S. bige, byge, flexus, angulus, sinus ; 
big-an, byg-ean, fiectere, curvare. 

BEE, s. A hoop or ring of metal, put round 
the handle of anything into which a tine 
or prong is inserted, to prevent its twist- 
ing asunder. — A.S. beah, beh, beage, an- 
nulus. From A.S. bigan, to bend. 

BEE. To hae a Bee in one's bonnet, to be 
hairbrained, S. St. Ronan. 

BEE-HEADIT, adj. Hairbrained ; un- 
settled, S. ; synon. Cat-wittit. 

BEE-ALE, .«. A species of beer, or rather 
mead, made from the refuse of honey, 
S.B. This in Clydes. is called stcats. 

BEE-BREAD, & The substance provided 
for the sustentation of young bees till they 
are able to go abroad. Maxwell's Bee- 
master. — A.S. beo-bread is by Lye rendered 
honey-comb, perhaps improperly. 

BEE-SCAP, s. Bee-hive, S. Steam-Boat. 
V. Skep. 

BE-EAST, Towards the East. V. BE,prep. 

BEED, s. Delay; for baid or bade; Aberd. 

To BEEK, c. n. To bathe, Roxb.— A.S. 
becc, Su.G. baeck, Isl. beckr, rivus. 

BEELDE, Beld, 8. " Properly an image. — 
Model of perfection or imitation." Gl. 
Wynt. Wyntown.— A.S. bilith, bild, Belg. 
beeld, beld, Sw. bild, imago. 

BEEN, r. subst. 1st pers. pi. Are. We bet r, 
we are. Adam o' Gordon. 

To BEENE, v. n. To make the staves of 
of a vessel, when they have shrunk, swell 
by steeping. — Su.G. bulua, to swell, 
whence S. bolnit. Aberd. pronunciation 
been it. V. Boldix. 

To BEENGE, Bynge, v. a. To cringe, in 
the way of making much obeisance, S. V. 
Beck. Ferguson. — This is undoubtedly 
from A.S. bens-ian, also written boens-ian, 
to ask as a suppliant ; suppliciter petere, 
orare ; bensiende supplicans. 

BEENJIN, improperly written, is expl. 
" fawning." J. Nicol. 

BEENIE, s. Abbreviation of the name 
Iiobina, S. 

BEES. "His head is in the bees;" he is 
confused, stupified, or light-headed. V. 

To BEET, v. a. To help, &c. V. Beit. 

BEET, Beat of lint, s. A sheaf or bundle 
of flax as made up for the mill, S. The 
strick is far smaller. — Allied, perhaps, to 
Su.G. bylte, a bundle ; or rather to bit-a, 
to bind up. 

To BEET lint. To tie up flax in sheaves, S. 

BEETINBAND, .«. The strap which binds 
a bundle of flax, Ayrs. 

To BEETLE, v. a. To beat with a heavy 
mallet, S. Na.rwelVs Sel. Tram, 


BEETRAW, Beetrie,s. The red beet ; a 
root containing much saccharine matter, 
Maxwell's Sel. Trans. Corr.from E. beet- 
rave,id. Fr. bete, beet, and rave, a radish. 
BEETS, s. pi. Boots, Aberdeen pron. 
BEEVIT, pari. pa. Perhaps, installed as 
a knight. Gau-an and Got. — A.S. befeht, 
cinctus, girded. Somn. V. Falow. 
To BEFF, Baff, r. a. To beat; to strike, 
S. Beft, beaten, pret, and part. pa. 
Douglas. — It is used more simply as re- 
ferring to the act of beating with strokes; 
applied to metal. Douglas. 
DouNBEFT,signifies beat down, overthrown. 
BEFF, Baff, s. A stroke. V. Baff. 
To BEFLUM, i: a. To befool by cajoling 
language, conveying the same idea with 
the E. sham. Warerley. V. Bleflum. 
BEFLUM, s. Idle, nonsensical, or cajoling 

talk, S. 
BEFORN, prep. Before. Wallace. It 
occurs also in O.E. R. Bruune. — A.S. 
beforan, ante, coram. 
BEFOROUTH, adv. Before; formerly. 

Barbour. V. Forowth. 
BEFT, part. pa. Beaten. V. Beff. 
BEGANE, part, pa. Covered. Gold be- 
gane, overlaid with gold. Douglas. — 
Aurea tevta, Virg. According to Rudd. 
q. gone over. Chaucer uses the phrase, 
With gold begon, Rom. Rose, 943, 
" Painted over with gold," Tyrwh. 
BEGAIRIES, s. pi. Stripes or slips of 
cloth sewed on garments, by way of or- 
nament, such as are now worn in liveries; 
pessments, S. synon. Acts Ja. VI. 
To BEGARIE, v. a, 1. To variegate ; to 
deck with various colours. Lyndsay. 
2. To stripe ; to variegate with lines of 
various colours ; to streak. Begaryit, 
striped, part. pa. Douglas. 3. To be- 
smear ; to bedaub ; to bespatter. " S. 
begaried,hed\rted." Rudd. vo. Laggerit. 
Lyndsay. — This v. has an evident affinity 
to our Gair, gare, a stripe of cloth, and 
Gaired, gairy, q. v. The word is imme- 
diately allied to Fr. begarr-er, to diver- 
sify; beqarre, of sundry colours, mingled. 
To BEGECK, Begaik, Begeik, r. a. To 
deceive ; particularly by playing the jilt, 
S.B. Dunbar. — Teut. gheck-en, deridere, 
ludibrio habere; Belg. beguyg-en,i\ludere. 
V. Geck. 
BEGEIK, Begink, Beguxk, s. 1 . A trick, 
or illusion, which exposes one to ridicule, 
S. Ramsay. 2. It often denotes the 
act of jilting one in love ; applied either 
to a male, or to a female, S. Begeik is 
the more common term, S.B. Morison, 
BEGES, Begess, adv. By chance ; at 
random. Evergreen. — From be, by, and 
gess, guess ; Belg. qh isse. 
BEGG, .<. Barley, Dumfr. Evidently the 
same as Big, Cumberl. — Dan. byg, Isl. 
byqg, hordeum. 

3 BEH 

at cards, similar to that of Catch-Hon- 
ours, S. 
BEGGAR'S-BROWN, s. Scotch snuff; 
that light-brown snuff which is made of 
the tobacco stems. 
BEGGER-BOLTS, s. pi. " A sort of darts 
or missile weapons. The word is used 
by James VI. in his Battle of Lepanto, 
to denote the weapons of the forceats, or 
galley-slaves." Gl. Sibb. Hudson writes 
beggers* bolts. A friend in Warwickshire 
says, " They were merely stones. We 
call them Beggars' Bullets in the same 
ludicrous sense." The word may have 
originated from contempt of the persons 
who used these arms, q. bolts of beggars. 

BEGOYT, adj. Foolish ; as, " nasty begoyt 
creature," Banffs. — Fr. bigaut, an ass or 

To BEGOUK, v. a. To jilt in courtship ; 
to slight a woman, Peebles. 

BEGOUK, Begowk, s. The act of jilting. 
Saxon and Gael. Synon.' with Begeik, 
sense 2. Perhaps from guych-en, ridere. 

BEGOUTH, BEGovDE,pret. Began. Wyn- 
toxen. Begoud is now commonly used, S. — 
A.S. gynn-an, beginn-an, seem to have 
had their pret. formed like eode, from 
qan, ire ; Beqinnan, begeode. 

BEGRAUIN, part. pa. Buried; interred. 
Douglas. — A.S. graf-an, fodere; Teut. bc- 
graven, sepelire. 

BEGRETTE, pret. Saluted. Douglas — 
A.S. gret-an ; Belg. be-groet-en, salutare. 

To BEGRUDGE, v. a. To regret ; to 
grudge, S. Perhaps from C.B. grugn-ach, 
to murmur, to grumble ; or O.S. grae- 
tan, accusare. 

BEGRUTTEN, part, pa, Having the face 
disfigured with weeping, S. — Sw. begrat- 
ande, bewailing. V. Greit. 

BEGUILE, s. A deception ; a trick ; the 
slip ; sometimes a disappointment, S. 
Ruth. Lett. Boss. 

* To BEGUILE, v. a. 1. To bring into 
error; to cause to mistake; as, " I'm saer 
beguiled," I have fallen into a great mis- 
take, S. 2. To disappoint, S. Spalding. 

To BEGUNK, v. a. 1. To cheat; to deceive, 
S. 2. To baulk ; to get the better of, Roxb. 

BEGUNK, s. An illusion; a trick. Waver- 
ley. V. Begeck, v. 

BEGUNKIT,^«rf. adj. Cheated, Clyde?. 
V. Begeck. 

BEGUNNYN, part. pa. Begun.— A.S. 
begunnen, coeptus, inceptus. 

BEHAD,/>n?f. Demeaned, held, behaved, 
Bellenden, Perhaps from A.S. behald-an, 
cavere, custodire ; or from behaefd, pret. 
of A.S. behabb-an, continere ; comp. of be 
and habb-an, habere. 
To BEHALD, Beiiaud, Behad, Behold, 
t. a. 1. To behold, S. Wyntovm. 2. To 
have respect to ; to view with favour or 
partiality. Doug/as. Spectat,Yirg. A.S. 
beheald-an. 3. To wait ; to delay ; q. to 




look on for a while, S. ; used both as an 
active, and as a neuter verb. Ross. 4. 
To permit. 5. To connive at ; to take 
no notice of. Spalding. 6. To view with 
an eye of watchfulness, scrutiny, or jeal- 
ousy. 7. To warrant ; to become bound, 
as, " I'll behad he'll do it." 

Behold occurs in the same sense. Baillie. 

BEHAND,«f?r. To come weel behand ; to 
manage handsomely. Perils of Man. 

BEHAUYNGIS, s. pi- Manners ; deport- 
ment. Bellenden. — Mores, Boeth. V. 

To BEHECHT, v. n. To promise. Douglas. 
— Chaucer, behete; A.S. behaet-an, id.; R. 
Glouc. behet ; R. Brunne, be-hette, pro- 

BEHECHT, Behest, Behete, s. 1. Pro- 
mise. Bellenden. 2. Engagement; cove- 
nant. 3. Command. Dow/las. — Chaucer, 
beheste, id. 

* BEHIND, adv. Denoting the non-requital 
of a benefit, or neglect of an obligation ; 
haviug with after it, and nearly equiva- 
lent to E. behindhand, s. He was never 
behind with any that put their trust in 
him. Walker's Life of Peden. V. Ahind. 

BEHO, Boho, s. A laughing-stock. " To 
mak a boho " of anything, to hold it up 
to ridicule, S.B. — Alem. huohe, ludibrium. 

To BEHUFE, v. n. To be dependent on. 
Douglas. — A.S. behof-ian; Belg. behoev-en, 
to stand in need of, egere, opus habere. 

BEHVYD, pret. Behoved. Aberd. Reg. 

BEHUIS. Behovest or behoves. 

BEJAN CLASS. A designation given to 
the Greek class in the Universities of St. 
Andrews and Aberdeen ; as, till of late, in 
that of Edinburgh. Hence, the students 
in this class are denominated Bejans. It 
is also written Bajan. — Fr. bcjaune, a 
novice; an apprentice; a young beginner 
in any science, art, or trade. Cotgr. de- 
rives bejaune from bee jaulne, literally a 
yellow beak or bill. Du Cange observes 
that L.B. bejaunus signifies a young scho- 
lar of any university, and bejaunium the 
festivity that is held on his arrival. The 
term is thus very emphatic, being prima- 
rily used in relation to a bird newly 
hatched,whose beak is of a deep yellow. 
— This is also written Bajan. 

Bajan, s. One belonging to the Bajan 
Class. Craufurd's Hist. Univ. Edin. 

Semibajan Class. Apparently the Humanity 
Class. Craufurd's Hist. Univ. Edin. 

To BEJAN, v. a. When a new shearer 
comes to a harvest-field, he is initiated 
by being lifted by the arms and legs, and 
struck down on a stone on his buttocks, 
Fife. This custom has probably had its 
origin in some of our universities. It is 
sometimes called Horsing. 

BEY1T, pret. Built. Aberd. Reg.— A.S. 
byeg-an, to build ; or by-an, to inhabit, 
whence bye, a habitation, Su.G. by, id. 

BEIK, s. A hive of bees. V. Byke. 

To BEIK, Beke, Beek, v. a. and n. 1. To 
bask, S. Barbour. 2. To warm ; to com- 
municate heat to. Ramsay. 3. It is often 
used in a neuter sense, S. Ywaine. 4. To 
diffuse heat ; used to denote the genial 
influence of the rays of the sun. Picken's 
Poems. — Belg. baeker-en is used in the 
same sense ; baeker-en een kindt, to warm 
a child. We say, To beik in the sun ; so, 
Belg. baeker-en in de sonne. But our 
word is more immediately allied to the 
Scandinavian dialects ; Su.G. bak-a, to 

BEIK, Beek, s. 1. The act of basking in 
the sun, or at the fire, S. 2. That which 
communicates heat, S.O. Picken's Poems. 

BEIK, adj. Warm. Bannatyne Poems. 

BEIK, s. 1. This word, primarily signifying 
the beak or bill of a fowl, is " sometimes 
used for a man's mouth, by way of con- 
tempt." Rudd. Douglas. 2. It is used, 
as a cant word, for a person ; " an auld 
beik," " a queer beik," &c, S. 3. Perhaps 
at times used for beach. — Belg. biek, Fr. 
bee, rostrum. It may be observed, that 
the latter is metaph. applied to a person. 
V. Bejan. 

BEIKAT, s. A male salmon. V. Bykat. 

To BEIL, Beal, v. n. 1. To suppurate, S. 
Maitland Poems. 2. To swell or rankle 
with pain, or remorse ; metaph. applied 
to the mind, S.B. Ross. Wodroic— Belg. 
buyl-en, protuberare ? Ihre derives Su.G. 
bold, a boil, from Isl. bolg-a, intumescere. 

BEILIN, s. A suppuration, S. 

BEILD, Bield,s. 1. Shelter ; refuge ; pro- 
tection, S. Gaivan and Gol. — " Every 
man bows to the bush he gets bield frae," 
S. Prov. Every man pays court to him 
who gives him protection. 2. Support ; 
stay ; means of sustenance, S. Douglas. 
3. A place of shelter ; hence, applied to 
a house, a habitation, S. Morison. 4. 
The shelter found in going to leeward. 
In the beild of the dyke, on the side of the 
wall that is free from the blast, S. 5. One 
who acts as a guardian or protector, S. 
— A.Bor. beild, id. 

Strait Beilds. A shelter formed by a steep 
hill, Peebles. 

Beilding also occurs where it seems doubt- 
ful whether buildings or shelter be meant. 
Gawan and Gol. — Isl. baele denotes both 
a bed or couch, and a cave, a lurking- 
place ; cubile, spelunca. It is highly 
probable that baele is radically the same 
with Isl. bode, domicilium, habitatio; from 
bo, to build, to inhabit. 

To BEILD, v. a. 1. To protect ; to shel- 
ter. Monastery. To supply; to support. 
Wallace. 2. In one passage it seems to 
signify, to take refuge, in a neuter sense. 
Gawan and Gol. — This verb, it would 
seem, has been formed from the noun, q.v., 
or has a common origin with Isl. bael-a, 




used to denote the act of causing cattle 
to lie down. 

BEILDY, adj. 1. Affording shelter. Ram- 
say. 2. Well-sheltered ; enjoying shel- 
ter. Waverlcy. 

BEILD, adj. Bold. Houlate.—A.S. beald, 
id. A.S. Alem. belde, audacia. 

BEILED. An ancient sea-faring term ; 
perhaps moored, and for E. belayed. 

To BEILL, r. a. To give pain or trouble to ; 
as, " I'll no belli my head about it," Lan- 

BEILL, s. Perhaps sorrow, care;q. baill. 
Bannatyne Poems. 

BEIN, s. Bone, Ang. One is said to be 
awfrae the bein, all from the bone, when 
proud, elevated, or highly pleased ; in 
allusion, as would seem, to the fleshy parts 
rising from the bone when the body is 

BEIN, Beyne, adj. Wealthy. Beixlier, 
comparative. V. Bene. 

To BEIN the pot. V. Beam, r. 

To BEIN, r. a. To render comfortable. A 
house is said to be bein'd when thoroughly 
dried, Roxb. V. under Bene, adj. sense 2. 

BEINLIKE, Biexlike, adj. Having the 
appearance of abundance ; creditable in 
appearance. Gl. Siller Gun. 

BIENNESS, s. Snugness in temporal cir- 
cumstances; moderate wealth; comfort, S. 
V. under Bexe. 

*BEING, Beix, 8. Means of sustenance ; as, 
" He has nae bein'' ava," he has no visible 
means of support, Fife. 

BEING, Bing, s. The beach of the sea- 
shore, Mearns. 

BEIR, Bere, Bir, Birr, s. 1. Noise ; 
cry ; roar. Douglas, The word is used 
in this sense by R. Glouc. 2. Force ; 
impetuosity ; often as denoting the vio- 
lence of the wind, S. Vir, rirr, Aberd. 
Douglas.— O.E. hire, byre, birre. The 
term, especially as used in the second 
sense, seems nearly allied to Isl. byre, 
(tempestas,) Su.G. boer, the wind ; which 
seem to acknowledge byr-ia, boer-ia, sur- 
gere, as their root. 

To BEIR, Bere, r. s. To roar ; to make a 
noise. Wallace. — Teut. baeren, beren, is 
expl. by Kilian ; Fremere, sublate et 
ferociter clamare more ursorum. The 
learned writer seems thus to view it as 
a derivative from baere, bere, a bear. Per- 
haps, however, the verb is formed from 
the noun, q. v. V. Birr. 

BEIRD, s. A bard ; a minstrel. Dour/las. 
V. Baird. 

BEYRD, pret. Laid on a bier. Maitland 
Poems. — From A.S. baer, baere, feretrum. 

BE1R-SEID, s. That portion of agricultu- 
ral labour which is appropriated to the 
raising of barley. V. Bear-seed. 

BEIRTH, Byrthe, s. Burden ; encum- 
brance ; charge. Gl. Sibb. — Dan. byrde, 
byrth ; Isl. byrd ; Su.G. boerda ; Belg. 

bordc ; A.S. byrth in; from Moes.G. bair- 
an, Su.G. baer-a, to bear. 

BEYR-TREE, s. The bier on which a 
corpse is carried to the grave, Aberd. 

BEIS, r. s. Be is ; third pers. sing, subj., S. 
Doit f/las. — Here the second pers. is im- 
properly used for the third. A.S. byst, sis; 
Alem. Franc, bist, es, from bin, sum ; 
Wachter, vo. Bix. 

BEIS, Bees. One's head is said to be in 
the bees when one is confused or stupified 
with drink or otherwise, S. Shirrefs. — 
Teut. bies-en, aestuari, furente impetu, 
agitari ; or from the same origin with 
Dazed, q. v. 

BEIS, Bees, prep. In comparison with, 
compared with ; as, " Ye're auld bcis 
me" ; You are old in comparison with me, 
Loth. Fife. 

BEYSAND. Quite at a loss ; benumbed ; 
stupified, Ettr. For. — Isl. bysn, a prodigy, 
q. as one who has seen a prodigy. V. 

BEIST, Beistyx, s. The first milk of a 
cow after she has calved, S.; Meetings, E. 
— A.S. beost, byst ; Teut. biest, biest melck. 
id. (colostrum.) A.S. bystinq, id. 

BEIST-CHEESE, s. The first milk boiled 
to a think consistence, somewhat resem- 
bling new-made cheese, Mearns. Beistyn- 
cheese, id. Lanarks. 

BEIST-MILK, s. V. Beist, Beistyx. 

To BEIT, Bete, Bet, Beet, v. a. 1. To help; 
to supply ; to mend, by making addition. 
Bett, part. pa. Ramsay. Henrysone. 
To belt the fire, or belt the inqle. To add 
fuel to the fire, S. " To beet, to make or 
feed a fire," Gl. Grose. To belt a mister, 
to supply a want, Loth. 2. To blow up, 
to enkindle, applied to the fire. Douglas. 
3. To excite affection, as applied to the 
mind. Burns. 4. To bring into a better 
state, by removing calamity or cause of sor- 
row ; to abate, to mitigate. Wallace. — 
A.S. bet-an,ge-bet-an, to mend, to restore to 
the original state ; Belg. boet-en ; Isl. bet-a; 
Su.G. boet-a, id., boet-a klaeder, to repair 
or mend clothes. A.S. bet-an fyr, corre- 
sponds to the S. phrase mentioned above, 
struere ignem. Wallace. 

BEIT, s. An addition ; a supply, S.B. 

BE1TING, Betixg, s. Supply ; the act of 
aiding. Acts Ja. VI. 

BEIT-MISTER, s. That which is used in 
a strait, for supplying any deficiency ; ap- 
plied either to a person or to a thing ; 
Loth. V. Beit, r. and Mister. 

BEYZLESS. In the extreme. Beydess ill, 
extremely bad. She is a beyzless clink, 
she is a great tale-bearer, Upp. Clydes. 
Perhaps q. bias-less, without any bias or 
tendency to the contrary. Used as adc. 
and adj. 

To BEKE, t. a. To bask. V. Beik. 

BEKEND, 7>arf. Known ; S.B. bekent. 
Douglas. — Germ, bekaunt, id. ; Teut. be- 




kennen, to know ; A.S. be-cvnnan, ex- 
BEKIN, s. A beacon ; a signal, Bellenden. 

— A.S. beacn, Dan. bakn, id. 
BELCH, Belgh, Bailch, Bilch, *. (gutt.) 
1. A monster. Douglas. 2. A term ap- 
plied to a very lusty person, S.B. "A 
bursen belch," or bilch, one who is breath- 
less from corpulence, q. burst, like a horse 
that is broken-winded. Boss. 3. A brat ; 
a contemptuous designation for a child ; 
Bynon. Bel shagh,Stra,thmoTe. — Teut.balgh, 
the belly ; or as it is pron. bailg, Moray, 
from Su.G. bolg-ia, bulg-ia, to swell. 

BELD, adj. Bald, without hair on the head, 
S. Burns. V. Bellit.— Seren. derives 
it from Isl. bala, planities. With fully as 
much probability might it be traced to Isl. 
bael-a, vastare, prosternere, to lay flat. 

BELD, s. Pattern ; model of perfection. V. 

BELD, imperf. v. Perhaps, took the charge 
of, or protected. Houlate. — Fr. bail, a 
guardian. In this sense it is nearly al- 
lied to E. bailed, Fr. battler, to present, 
to deliver up. As, however, we have the 
word beild, shelter, protection, held may 
possibly belong to a verb corresponding 
in sense. 

BELD CYTTES, s. pi. Bald coots. Hou- 
late. — The bald coot receives its name from 
a bald spot on its head. It is vulgarly 
called bell-kite, S. 

BELDIT, part. pa. Imaged ; formed. V. 
Beelde. Houlate. — Belg. beeld-en; Germ. 
bild-en; Sw. bild-a, formare, imaginari. 
A.S. bild, bilith ; Germ. Sw. bild, belaete, 
an image. 

BELDNESS, Belthness, s. Baldness, 

To BELE, v. n. "To burn, to blaze." 
Wyntown. — This, however, may mean, 
bellowed, roared, from A.S. bell-an, Su.G. 
bal-a, id. Chaucer uses belle in the same 

BELE, s. A fire ; a blaze. V. Bail. 

To BELEAGUER, r. a. To surround in a 
threatening and violent manner. Guthrfs 

BELECHER, Beilcher, Belcheir, s. En- 
tertainment ; victuals. Acts J a. 1 V. Fr. 
belle chere, good entertainment. Chere, 
" victuals ; entertainment for the teeth," 

BELEFE, *. Hope. Douglas. 

To BELEIF, <e. a. To leave ; pret. beleft, 
Douglas. — A.S. be, and leofan, linquere. 

To BELEIF, Belewe, v. a. To deliver up. 
Douglas. It is also used as a v. n. with 
the prep. of. Barbour. — A.S. belaeic-an, 
tradere ; bclaewed, traditus. 

To BELENE, v. n. To tarry ; or, perhaps, 
to recline ; to rest. Sir Gawan. — A.S. 
bilen-ed, inhabited. Or allied to Germ. 
len-en, recumbere. V. Leind. 

BELEVE,s. Hope. Bcllend. V. Belefe. 

BELEWYT, imperf. r. Delivered up. V. 

Beleif, v. 2. 
BELFUFF, s. An ideal hill supposed to 
be near Heckie- or Hecklebirnie, which is 
fabled to be three miles beyond hell. — 
Prov. " Gang ye to the back o' Bclfuff" 
BELGHE, g. Eructation, E. belch. Z. 

To BELY, t. a. To besiege. Spotstoood. 
BELICKET. Feen'tbelicket; nothing. Per- 
haps everything clean licked up. V. 
BELIE, adt. By and by, Berwicks. Corr. 

of Belyve, Beliff. 
BE-LIKE, adj. Probable. "That story's 

no be-like," Lanarks. 
BELYK, adv. Probably. E. Belike. Ban- 

natyne's Trans. 
BELYVE, Beliff, Beliue, Belife, adv. 
1. Immediately; quickly. Douglas. 2. By 
and by, S. Barbour. This seems to be 
the only modern sense of the term in S. 
3. At length. Douglas. 4. It is used in 
a singular sense, S.B. Litle belire, or 
biliee, a small remainder. Popular Ball. 
— Chaucer, belire, Mine, quickly ; Gower, 
blyre, id. Hickes mentions Franc, belibe, 
as signifying protinus, confestim ; and 
Junius refers to Norm. Sax. bilire. This 
is certainly the same word ; from Alem. 
and Franc, belib-an, manere ; A.S. belif- 
an, id. 
BELL, Bel, 5. A bubble in water or any 
liquid. Saijibells, bubbles formed by 
blowing out soapy water, S. Teut. belle, 
bulla, a bubble. V. Beller. 
To BELL, v. n. To bubble up ; to throw 

up or bear bubbles, S. Perils of Man. 
BELL, s. The blossom of a plant; as, 
" Lint in the bell," flax in flower. Gl. 
Burns. Heather-bells, &c. Bell in E. the 
cup of a flower. 
BELL on a horse's face. A blaze; a white 
mark, S. Armor, baill, a white spot or 
mark on a horse's face. — O.Fr. id. 
BELL of the Brae. The highest part of 
the slope of a hill.— C.B. bid denotes a 
prominence, or that which juts out. 
To BELL THE CAT, to contend, with one, 
especially if of superior rank or power; to 
withstand him, either by words or actions ; 
to use strong measures, without regard to 
consequences, S. Godscroft. — Fr. Mettre 
la campane au chat, " to begin a quarrel, 
to raise a brabble ; we say also, in the 
same sense, to hang the bell about the 
cat's neck." Cotgr. 
BELL-KITE, s. The bald Coot. V. Beld 

BELL-PENNY, s. Money laid up, for pay- 
ing the expense of one's funeral ; from the 
ancient use of the passing-bell. This word 
is still used in Aberbrothick. 
BELL AM, s. A stroke or blow, S.B. ; ra- 
dically the same with Bellum, q. v. 




BELLAN, s. Fight; combat, Douglat.— 
Lat. helium. 

BELLANDINE, s. A broil ; a squabble. 
Hogg's Whit. Tales. 

BELLE, g. Bonfire. V. Bail. 

BELLEIS, BelliSj s. A pair of bellows. 
Aberd. Beg. 

To BELLER, r. n. To bubble up. Bp. 
Galloway. Perhaps allied to Isl. bilur, 
impetus venti, or bilgice, fluctus maris, or 
belqia, inflare buccas. 

BELL-HEATHER, s. Cross-leaved heath, 
S. Erica tetralix. Ess. Sighl. Soc. 

To BELLY one's self o' Water. To take a 
bellyful of water. Syn. with To bag one's 
self tci' water, Aberd. 

BELLY-BLIND, s. The play called Blind- 
man's-buff, S.A. : Blind Harie synon., S. 
Anciently this term denoted the person 
who was blindfolded in the game. Lynd- 
say. In Su.G. this game is called blind- 
bock, i. e. blind goat; and in Germ, blinde 
kuhe, q. blind cow. It is probable, that 
the term is the same with Billy Blynde, 
mentioned in the Tales of Wonder, and 
said to be the name of " a familiar spirit, 
or good genius." 

BELLICAL, adj. Warlike ; martial. Lat. 
bellic-us. Acts Mary. 

BELLICON, s. A blustering fellow, Ayrs. 
Fr. belliquem, warlike; or baligaut, a 

BELLICOUS, adj. Warlike. Hist. James 
VI. Lat. bellicosus, id. 

BELLIE-MANTIE, s. A name for the 
play of Blindman's-buff, Upp. Clydes. 
As the principal actor was not only blind- 
folded, but enveloped in the skin of an 
animal, the latter part of the word may 
be from Fr. manteau, q. Billy with the 
mantle. V. Belly-Blind. 

BELLY-FLAUGHT. 1. To slay, or flay, 
belly- -flaught, to bring the skin overhead, 
as in flaying a hare, S.B. Monroe's lies. 
2. It is used in Loth, and other provinces, 
in a sense considerably different ; as de- 
noting great eagerness or violence in ap- 
proaching an object. Ramsay. 3. It is 
also rendered, " flat forward," J. Nicol. 

BELLY-GOURDON, s. A glutton, Fife. 
Perhaps from Belly, and gitrd, gourd, to 
gorge. — O.Fr. gordin, stupide, &c. 


BELLY-RACK, s. An act of gormandizing, 
Lanarks. q. racking or stretching the belly. 

BELLY-THRA, a. The colic. Gl, Com- 
play?it.—A..S. belg, belly, and thra, afflic- 
tion. This term, I am informed, is still 
used on the Border. 

BELLING, s. The state of desiring the 
female ; a term properly applied to harts. 
Douglas. — Rudd. derives the phrase from 
Fr. belier, a ram ; but perhaps it is rather 
from Isl. bael-a, bel-ia, baul-a, Germ, bell- 
en, mugire, boare. 

BELLIS, s. pi. This perhaps refei-3 to the 

belling-time of beasts, mentioned above. 

BELLIS, s. pi. Bells. Black bellis of Ber- 
wick, artillery of Berwick ; so called, 
perhaps, when Berwick was a bone of 
contention, and the air so often rung with 
this harsh music. Spotswood. 

BELLISAND, Bellisant, adj. Elegant ; 
of an imposing appearance. Forbes on 
the Rev. — Fr. belle, used adverbially, and 
seant, decent, becoming, q. having a good 

BELLIT,ad/. Bald. Fordun. Scotichron. 
V. Beld. 

BELLONIE, s. A noisy, brawling woman, 
Ayrs. — Lat. Bellona. 

To BELLRAIVE, r. n. To rove about ; to 
be unsteady ; to act hastily and without 
consideration, Roxb. Raive seems to be 
the same as E. to rote, Isl. hraufa, loco 
movere ; bell may indicate that the term 
has been originally applied to a wedder 
which carried the bell, from being disposed 
to roam. V. Bellwaver. 

BELLUM, s. Force; impetus. Syn. Bensel. 

BELL- WARE, s. The sea-weed of which 
kelp is made, Zostera marina. Agr. Surr. 

To BELLWAVER, r. n. 1. To straggle, 
to stroll, S. Saint Patrick. 2. To fluc- 
tuate, to be inconstant ; applied to the 
mind, S. 3. Applied to narrative, when 
one does not tell a story coherently. — I 
am informed, however, that the pronun- 
ciation of the term in some places in the 
west of S. is Bullwarer; and that it is 
primarily applied to a bull when going 
after the cow, and hence transferred to 
man, when supposed to be engaged in some 
amorous pursuit. The origin of the latter 
part of the r. is obvious ; either from E. 
waver, or L.B. u-ayraire, to stray. Per- 
haps the allusion may be to a ram or 
other animal, roaming with a bell hung 
round its neck. The Monastery. 

To BELOW one's self. To demean. Iwadna 
below mysell saefar, Fife. Perths. 

BELSHACH, s. A contemptuous designa- 
tion for a child ; equivalent to Brat, 
Strathm. Perhaps from Gael, biolasgach, 
talkative, biolasgadh, prattling. 

BELSHIE, adj. Fat, and, at the same 
time, diminutive, Upp. Clydes. 

BELT, s. Often used to denote a strip of 

To BELT, v. a. To flog, to scourge, S. 
Hogg's Brownie of Bodsbeck. 

To BELT, v. n. To come forward with a 
sudden spring, S. — Isl. bilt-a, bilt-ast, sig- 
nifies, to tumble headlong. 

BELT, part. pa. Built. Douglas. 

To BELT, r.a. 1. To gird, S. Hence, in 
our old ballads belted knights are often in- 
troduced. Belt is sometimes used as the 
part. pa. Douglas. 2. To gird, as ex- 
pressive of an honorary distinction. — Wil- 



liam Hay, then constable of Scotland, was 
the first belted Earle of Erroll. Pitscottie's 
Cron. 3. To gird, metaph. used in rela- 
tion to the mind. Bellenden. 4. To sur- 
round, to environ in a hostile manner. 
Bellenden. — Isl. belt-a, cingere zona. 

BELTED PLAID, s. The plaid or mantle 
worn by Highlanders in full military 
dress, S. 

BELTING, s. The ceremony of putting on 
the sword and belt in former times, in 
making a lord of parliament. ActsJa. VI. 

BELTANE, Beltein, s. The name of a 
sort of festival observed on the first day 
of May, O.S. ; hence used to denote the 
term of Whitsunday. Peblis to the Play. 
This festival is chiefly celebrated by the 
cow-herds, who assemble by scores in the 
fields, to dress a dinner for themselves, of 
boiled milk and eggs. These dishes they 
eat with a sort of cakes baked for the 
occasion, and having small lumps in the 
form of nip] iles, raised all over the surface. 
The cake seems to have been an offering 
to some Deity in the days of Druidism. — 
In Ireland, Beltein is celebrated on the 
21st June, at the time of the solstice. 
There, as they make fires on the tops of 
hills, every member of the family is made 
to pass through the fire ; as they reckon 
this ceremony necessary to ensure good 
fortune through the succeeding year. — 
The Gael, and Ir. word Beat-tine or Bell- 
tine signifies Bel's Fire; as composed of 
Baal or Bells, one of the names of the 
sun in Gael, and tein signifying fire. Even 
in Angus a spark of fire is called a tein or 

BELTER, s. Perhaps beating or bickering; 
from Gael, bual-am, to beat, buailte, beat, 
biialadh, beating, bualtaire, one who beats 
or thrashes another. 

BELTH, s. Douglas.— This word may de- 
note a whirlpool or rushing of waters. I 
am inclined, however, to view it, either as 
equivalent to belch, only with a change in 
the termination, metri causa; or as signify- 
ing, figure, image, from A.S. bilith, Alem. 
bilid, bileth, id. 

To BEMANG, v. a. To hurt ; to injure ; 
to overpower, S.B. Minstrelsy Border. 

To BEME, r.n. 1. To resound ; to make a 
noise. Douglas. 2. To call forth by sound 
of trumpet. Gairan and Gol. — Germ. 
bomm-en, resonare ; or A.S. beam, bema, 
tuba. It is evident that bemc is radically 
the same with bommen, because Germ. 
bomme, as well as A.S. beam, signifies a 

BEME, j. A trumpet ; Bemys, pi. Gairan 
and Gol.—O.'E. beem, id. V. the r. 

BEMYNG, s. Bumming; buzzing. Douglas. 

BEN, g. A kind of small salmon, generally 
from seven to ten pounds in weight. They 
are darker in the back and whiter in the 
belly than those commonly caught ; and 


appear in the Solway Firth about the end 
of March, from which time they are taken 
till the beginning of May. For this reason 
they are called Wair-bcns, that is, the fish 
that come in Spring. Annandale. Per- 
haps from Gael, bean, quick, nimble, from 
the activity and liveliness of the species 
— or from ban white, owing to the colour 
of its belly ; as the char is called red- 
icamc, from the redness of the same part 
of the body. Wair is the Gothic desig- 
nation of spring. 

BEN, s. A mountain, used both in compo- 
sition and by itself. Jacobite Belies. — C.B. 
ban, a prominence, or what is high; Ir. 
Gael, bcann, bein, a summit, a mountain ; 
C.B. pen is synon.; hence Lat. Penninus, 
or Apennines. V. Bin. 

BEN, adv. 1. Towards the inner apart- 
ment of a house ; corresponding to But, 
S. Wyntown. It is also used as a pre- 
position, Gae ben the house, Go into the 
inner apartment. 2. It is used metaph. to 
denote intimacy, favour, or honour. Thus 
it is said of one, who is admitted to great 
familiarity with another, who either is, 
or wishes to be thought his superior ; lie 
is far ben. " O'er far ben, too intimate or 
familiar," Gl. Shirr. Lyndsay. Leg. as 
in edit. 1670,/ar6<?w. — A.S.binnan; Belg. 
binnen, intus, (within) ; binnen-kamer,lo- 
cus secretior in penetralibus domus ; Ki- 
lian. Belg. binnen gaan, to go within, S. 
to gae ben; binnen brengen, to carry with- 
in, S. to bring ben. 

A But and a Bex, S. ; i.e. a house contain- 
ing two rooms. Statist. Ace. 

To Come Ben. To be advanced; to come 
to honour, S.B. Boss. 

BEN-END, s. 1 . The ben-end of a house, the 
inner part of it, S. 2. Metaph., the best 
part of anything ; as, the ben end of one's 
dinner, the principal part of it, S.B. 

BENNER, adj. A comparative formed from 
ben. Inner, S.B. Poems Buchan Dial. 

BEN-HOUSE, s. The inner or principal 
apartment, S. 

BEN, Benn, s. The interior apartment of 
a house. Sir J. Carr. 

Tiie-Ben, adv. In the interior apartment, 
S. Boss. 

There-Ben, adv. Within, in the inner 
apartment, S. V. Tiiairben. 

BEN-INNO, prep. Within, beyond, S.B. 
Journal Bond. — From ben, q. v. and A.S. 
inne, or innon, within ; Alem. inna ; Isl. 
inne, id. 

BENMOST is used as a superlative, signi- 
fying innermost. Ferguson. — Teut. bin- 
nenste is synon. 

BENCH, s. A frame fixed to the wall for 
holding plates, &c. } Aberd. Bink, Angus. 

BEND, 8. A spring ; a leap ; a bound. 
Lyndsay. Perhaps from Fr. bond, id. Or 
it may be merely an oblique use of the 
E. s. as expressive of the incurvation 



of the body which generally precedes a 

To BEND, v. n. To spring ; to bound. 

BEND, Bend-Leather, g. Leather, thick- 
ened by tanning, for the soles of boots 
and shoes, S. Rates, A. 1(570. 

BEND, s. A muffler, kercher, or cowl. 

BEND, s. 1. Band, ribbon, or fillet ; pi. 
bendis. Douglas. " Bend, a border of a 
woman's cap, North. ; perhaps from 
baud," Gl. Grose. 2. It is used impro- 
perly for a fleece. Douglas. — A.S. bend, 
baende, Moes.G. bandi, Germ, band, Pers. 
bend, vinculum. 

To BEND, r. n. To drink hard ; a cant 
term, S. Ramsay. 

BEND, s. A pull of liquor, S. Ramsay. 

BENDER, s. A hard drinker, S. Ramsay. 

BEND ANEUGH. Expl. Bravely enough, 
Aberd. Skinner. 

BENDIT UP. Boldened up. Pitscottie. 

BENDROLE, Bandroll, Bedroll, s. The 
prop or rest used formerly for a heavy 
musket. Milit. Hist. Fr. banderole ; E. 
bandrol, a small flag or pennon worn at 
the point of a lance. 

BENE, t. subst. Are. Bellenden. Chaucer, 
ben, id. from beon, third p. pi. subj. of the 
A.S. substantive verb. 

BENE is also used for be. King's Quaii: 

BENE, Bein, Beyne,Bien,«<?/'. 1. Wealthy, 
well-provided, possessing abundance, S. 
Henrysone. — This is perhaps the most 
common sense of the term, S. Thus we 
say, A bene or bein farmer, a wealthy far- 
mer, one who is in easy, or even in affluent 
circumstances ; a bein laird, &c. 2. 
Warm, genial. In this sense it is applied 
to a fire, S. Doiujlas. 3. Pleasant, com- 
fortably situated. Douglas. 4. Happy, 
blissful, S. Ferguson. 5. Splendid, showy. 
Wallace. 6. Good, excellent in its kind. 
Dunbar. 7. Eager, new-fangled. People 
are said to be bein upon anything that they 
are very fond of, Loth. In this sense bayne 
occurs in O.E. 8. A bein cask, a cask 
that is quite water-tight, Lanarks. Isl. 
bein-a signifies to prosper, to give success 
to any undertaking. Bein, as allied to 
this, signifies hospitable ; beine, hospita- 
lity, hospitis advenae exhibita beneficen- 
tia. G. Andr. mentions the v. beina, as 
signifying, hospitii beneficia praestarc. 
Beini, hospitality, liberality. 

BENE, adt. Well ; full bene, full well. 
Douglas. This word is most probably 
from Lat. bene, well. 

BENEFEIT, part. adj. Beneficed. Acts 
Mary. From L.B. benefacere, to endow 
with a benefice. 
BENEFICIALL, adj. Of or belonging to 

a benefice. Fr. beneficial, id. 
BENEFIT, 5. Allowance to servants be- 
sides their money wages, Galloway. 
BENELY, BEii\LY,rtc/r. 1. In the possession 


of fulness, L. Scotland's Lament. 2. Well, 
abundantly. Picktn. 3. Exhibiting the 
appearance of wealth. R. Gilhaize. 4. 
Happily. Davidson's Seasons. 

BENEW, adr. Beneath ; below, Aberd. ; 
also Benyau. 

BENEW, prep. To clink, apparently to 
fasten. A.S. beneoth, id. 

BENJEL, .«. A heap, a considerable quan- 
tity ; as " a benjel of coals," when many 
are laid at once on the fire, S.B. Bensil, 
however, is used in the same sense in the 
South and West of S. V. Bensell. 

BENJIE, g. The abbreviation of the name 

BENK, Bink, s. A bench, a seat. It seems 
sometimes to have denoted a seat of hon- 
our. Kelly. — Dan. benk, Germ, bank, 
scamnum ; Wachter. 

BENN, s. A sash. Statist. Ace. V. Bend. 

BENNELS, A kind of mats, made of 
reeds woven together, used for forming 
partitions in cottages ; or laid across the 
rafters to form an inner roof, Roxb. If 
not synon. with Teut. bendel, fascia, or 
allied to Isl. bend/a, concatenare, perhaps 
q. ben-u-alls, from forming a separation 
between the ben and the but. 

BENNELS, Lint-bennels, s. pi. The seed 
of flax, Roxb. ; synon. Bolls, Boies. 

BENNYST,;) Banished. A berd.Reg. 

BE NORTH, prep. To the northward of; 
besouth, to the southward of, S. Wyn- 

BENSELL, Bexsail, Bent-sail, s. 1. 
Force, violence of whatever kind, S. 
Douglas. 2. Exposure to a violent wind ; 
as, " I am sure ye bade a sair bensel," i.e. 
suffered a severe attack of the gale, Gal- 
loway. 3. Transferred to a place exposed 
to the violence of a storm, and directly 
opposed to Held. Hence Bensil o' the brae, 
that point of an eminence most exposed 
to the weather, Fife. 4. Bensil o' a fire, 
a strong fire, South and West of S. 5. 
Stretch, full bent. 6. A severe stroke ; 
properly that which one receives from a 
push or shove, S. 7. " A severe rebuke," 
Gl. Shirr. " I got a terrible bensell ;" I 
was severely scolded, S. It is not unlikely 
that the word was originally bent-sail, as 
alluding to a vessel driven by the force of 
the winds. 

To BENSELL, r.a. To bang, or beat, Gl. 
Sibb. " Bensel, to beat or bang. Vox 
rustica, Yorksh." Gl. Grose. 

BENSHAW, Beanshaw, s. A disease, ap- 
parently of horses. Pohcart. Formed 
perhaps from A.S. ban, Teut. oir», os,and 
lief, elevatio ; q. the swelling of the bone. 

BENSHIE, Benshi, s. Expl. "Fairy's 
wife." Pennant. It has been observed, 
that this being, who is still reverenced as 
the tutelar demon of ancient Irish fami- 
lies, is of pure Celtic origin, and owes her 
title to two Gaelic words, Ben and si- 




ghean, signifying the head or chief of the 
fairies. But it seems rather derived from 
Ir. Gael, ben, bean, a woman, said by 
Obrien to be the root of the Lat. Venus, 
and sighe, a fairy or hobgoblin. 

To BENSIE, r. a. To strike impetuously, 
Aberd. Isl. bangs-az, bclluino more in- 
sultare. V. Bensell. 

BENSOME, adj. Quarrelsome. Skinner. 
V. Bangsome. 

BENT, s. 1 . A coarse kind of grass, grow- 
ing on hilly ground, S. Agrostis vulgaris, 
Linn. Common hair-grass. 2. The coarse 
grass growing on the sea-shore, S. deno- 
ting the Triticum juncium, and also the 
Aruudo arenaria. Lightfoot. 3. The open 
field, the plain, S. Douglas. 4. To gae to 
the bent, to provide for one's safety, to flee 
from danger, by leaving the haunts of 
men ; as it is also vulgarly said, To tak 
the countrie on his back. Henrysone, 5. 
To Tak the Bent is used in the same sense ; 
although not always implying that one 
leaves the country. Rob Roy. 6. To 
Tak to the Bent, id. ; ofteii signifying to 
flee from one's creditors. Perils of Man. 
— Teut. biendse ; Germ, bints, bins, a rush, 
juncus, scirpus ; a binden, vincire, quia 
sportas,sellas, fiscellas, et similia ex juncis 
conteximus ; Wachter. 

BENTY, Bentey, adj. Covered with bent- 
grass, S. Monroe's lies. 

BENTINESS, s. The state of being co- 
vered with bent, S. 

BENT-MOSS, s. A soil composed of firm 
moss covered with a thick herbage of 
bent, Ayrs. 

BENTER, s. The name of a fowl. Agr. 
Surv. Sutherl, V. Bewter. 

BENT SYLVER, s. Perhaps corr. of Fr. 
benit, blessed money, because claimed on 
some saint's day. V. Bleeze-monet. 

BENWART. Inward ; towards the inte- 
rior of a house. Rauf Coilyear. V. Ben. 

BENWEED, s. Ragwort. 

Kick-at-the-benweed, adj. Headstrong ; 
unmanageable, Ayrs. The Entail. V. 

BEOWVD, 2)art. adj. Distorted; a.s,Beowrd 
legs, Fife. V. Bowlie. 

To BER on hand, V. Bear. 

BERBER, s. Barberry, a shrub. Sir Gawan 
and Sir Gal.—h.B. berberis, Sw. id. 

BERE, s. Noise ; also, To Bere. V. Beir. 

BERE, s. Boar. Douglas. V. Bair. 

BERE, s. Barley. Wyntoien. 

BERESSONE OF. By reason of. Aberd, 
Reg., passim. 

To BERGE, r. n. To scold; to storm; gen- 
erally including the idea of the impotent 
wrath of women and children, S.O. V. 

BERGIN, part. pr. Storming; scolding. 
Peter's Letters. 

BERGLE, Bergell, .«. The wrasse, a fish, 
Orkn. Barry.— The first syllable of its 

name is undoubtedly from Isl. berg, a 
rock. Had it any resemblance to the 
eel, we might suppose the last from aal, 
q. the rock eel. 

BERGUYLT, s. The Black Goby, a fish. 
Edmonstone's Zetland. 

BERHEDIS, Heads of boars. Gawan 
and Gol, V. Bere. 

To BERY, Beryss, Berisch, t. a. To inter, 
to bury. Douglas. — A.S. byrig-an, id. 
Junius says that A.S. byrig-an is literally, 
tumulare. It may, however, be supposed 
that the primitive idea is found in Isl. 
birg-ia, Franc, berg-an, to cover, to hide, 
to defend. 

BERY BROUNE, a shade of brown ap- 
proaching to red. Gawan and Gol. — 
We still say, " as brown as a berry" S. 
— A.S. beria, bacca. 

BERIALL, s. Perhaps, a burial, or a 
burial-place. A.S. byrgels signifies both, 
sepulcrum, sepultura. V. Beriis. 

BERIALL, adj. Shining like beryl. Dou- 

BERIIS, s. Sepulture.— A.S. byrigels, se- 
pultura. Biridis is accordingly used by 
Wiclif for tombs. 

BERYNES, Beryniss,s. Burial, interment, 
Barbour. — A.S. byrignesse, sepultura. 

BERIT, imperf. V. Beir, t. 

BERLE, s. Beryl, a precious stone. Hou- 
late. — From this .«. Doug, forms the adj. 
beriall, shining like beryl. 

BERLY, adj. Apparently, strong, mighty. 
Henrysone. — This word is the same, I 
suspect, with E. burly, strong. If berly be 
the ancient word, either from Germ, bar, 
vir illustris ; or from baer, ursus ; espe- 
cially as Su.G. biorn, id. was metapli. 
used to denote an illustrious personage. 

BERLIK MALT, s. Malt made of barley. 
Act, Audit, 

BERLIN, s. A sort of galley. Guy Man- 
nering. Also written Bierling, q. v. 

BERN, Berne, s. 1. A baron. Wallace. 
2. It is often used in a general sense, as 
denoting a man of rank or authority ; or 
one who has the appearance of rank, al- 
though the degree of it be unknown. 
Gawan and Gol. 3. A man in general. 
Douglas. — A.S. beorne, princeps, homo, 
Benson ; "a prince, a nobleman, a man 
of honour and dignity," Somner. Bern, 
as denoting a man, in an honourable 
sense, may be from A.S. bar, free, or Lat. 
baro, used by Cicero, as equivalent to a 
lord or peer of the realm. 

BERN, s. A barn, a place for laying up and 
thrashing grain. Gaican and Gol,— A.S. 
bern, id. Junius supposes that this is 
comp. of bere, barley, and em, place, q. 
" the place where barley is deposited," 
Gl. Goth. 

BERNE-YARD, s. The enclosure adjoin- 
ing a barn, in which the produce of the 
fields is stacked for preservation during 




winter, S. barnyard. — A.S. hern, horreum, 
and qeard, sepimentnm. 

BERNMAN, s. A thrasher of corn, S.A. ; 
elsewhere a barnman. 

BERN-WINDLIN, s. A ludicrous term 
for a kiss given, in the corner of a barn, 
Ettr. For. 

BERNY, s. Abbreviation of Barnaby or 
Barnabas. V. Barny. 

To BERRY, v. a. I. To beat ; as, to berry 
a bairn, to beat a child. 2. To thrash corn, 
Roxb. Annand. Dumfr. — Su.G. baer-ia. 
Isl. ber-ia, ferire, pulsare ; item, pugnare. 

BERSERKAR, Berserker, s. A name 
given to men said to have been possessed 
of preternatural strength and extreme fe- 
rocity. The Pirate. V. Eyxtyn, and 

BERSIS, s. " A species of cannon formerly 
much used at sea. It resembled the fau- 
con, but was shorter, and of a larger 
calibre," Gl. Complaynt S. — Fr. barce f 
berche, " the piece of ordnance called a 
base," Cotgr. ; pi. barces, berches. 

BERTH, s. Apparently, rage. Wyntown. — 
Isl. and Sw. braede, id. 

BERTHINSEK, Birdinsek, Burdinseck. 
The law of Berthinsek, a law, accord- 
ing to which no man was to be punished 
capitally for stealing a calf, sheep, or so 
much meat as he could carry on his back 
in a sack. Skene. — A.S. ge-burthyn in 
saeca, a burden in a sack ; or from ge- 
beor-a, portare. 

BERTYNIT, Bertnyt, pret. and 
Struck, battered. Wallace. — This is evi- 
dently the same with Brittyn, q.v. 

BERV1E HADDOCK, s. Haddocks split, 
and half-dried with the smoke of a fire of 
wood, cured for the most part at Inver- 
bertie. Often called Berries, S. 

BERWARD, s. One who keeps bears ; E. 
beanmrd. Colkelbie Sow. 

To BESAIK, v. a. To beseech. Aberd. 
Reg. V. Beseik. 

BESAND, Beisand, s. An ancient piece of 
gold coin, offered by the French kings at 
the mass of their consecration at Rheims, 
and called a Bysantine, as the coin of this 
description was first struck at Byzantium 
or Constantinople. It is said to have been 
worth, in French money, fifty pounds 
Tournois. Kennedy. 

To BESEIK, v. a. To beseech, to entreat. 
Douglas. — A.S. be and sec-an, to seek ; 
Belg. rer-soek-en, to solicit, to entreat ; 
Moes.G. sok-jan, to ask, used with respect 
to prayer. 

BESEINE, Beseen, part. pa. 1. Well ac- 
quainted or conversant with ; skilled in. 
2. Provided ; furnished ; fitted out. Pit- 
scottie. — A.S.bese-on ; Teut.&es£-ew,intueri. 
In the first sense, Beseen denotes one who 
has looked well upon or into anything ; 
in the second, one who has been well 
looked to, or cared for in any respect. 

To BESET, v. a. To become ; used as syn. 
with S.set. Pollock. — Teut. be-sett-en, com- 
ponere; be-set, decens, aptus. V. Set, v. 

BESHACHT, 1. Not straight, dis- 
torted, Ang. 2. Torn, tattered ; often 
including the idea of dirtiness, Perths. 
The latter seems to be an oblique use. 
V. Shacht. 

BESY, adj. Busy. Wyntown. — A.S. by si, 
Belg. besigh, id. ; allied perhaps to Teut. 
byse, turbatus, bijs-en, violento impetu 
agitari. From Su.G. besa, a term used con- 
cerning beasts, which run hither and thi- 
ther with violence, when stung by gadflies. 

BESID, pret. Burst with a bizzing noise 
like brisk beer. Dunbar. The same with 
S. bizzed. 

BESYNE, Bysene, Bvsiji, s. Expl. "whore, 
bawd," Gl. Sibb. V. Bisyu. 

BESYNES, s. 1. Business. Wyntown. 2. 
Trouble ; disturbance. 

To BESLE, or Bezle, v. n. To talk much 
at random, to talk inconsiderately and 
boldly on a subject that one is ignorant 
of, Aug.— Belg. beuzel-en,to trifle, to fable; 
Teut. beusel-en, nugari. 

BESLE, Bezle, 5. Idle talking, Ang. Belg. 
beusel, id. 

BESMOTTRIT, part. pa. Bespattered, 
fouled. Douglas. — A.S. besmyt-an, ina- 
culare, inquinare ; Belg. besmodder-en, 
Germ, schmader-n, schmatter-n, to stain, 
S. to smadd, Su.G. smitt-a. 

BESOM, s. A contemptuous designation 
for a low woman ; a prostitute, S. Old 
Mortality. V. Byssym. 

BESOUTH, prep. To the southward of. V. 

BESS, Bessie, s. Abbrev. of the name 

BESSY-LORCH, s. The fish in E. called 
a loach, Roxb. — Fr. loche. 

BEST, adv. To best; over and above ; gain ; 
saving, Shetl. 

BEST AUCHT. The most valuable ar- 
ticle, of a particular description, that any 
man possessed, commonly the best horse 
or ox used in labour, claimed by a land- 
lord on the death of his tenant. V. Her- 

BEST, part. pa. Struck, beaten. Barbour. 
V. Baist. 

BEST, part. pa. Perhaps, fluttering or 
shaken. Barbour. — Isl. beyst-i, concutio. 

BEST, s. " Beast, any animal not human," 
Gl. Wynt. Wyntown. — The term is still 
used in this general sense, S., pronounced 
q. baist, S.B. 

BEST-MAN, 8. Brideman ; as best-maid is 
bride-maid ; from having the principal 
offices in waiting on the bride, S. Disci- 

BESTED, part. pa. Overwhelmed ; over- 
powered, S. 

BESTIAL, {offTre) s. Anengine for a siege. 
Wallace. — It seems uncertain, whether 


this -word be formed from Lat. bestialis, 
as at first applied to the engines called 
rams, sores, &c, or from Fr. bastille, a 
tower ; L.B. hastillac. 

BESTIAL, Bestiall, s. A term used to 
denote all the cattle, horses, sheep, &c., on 
a farm. Spalding. — Fr. bestial, bestiall, 
bestail, " beasts or cattle of any sort ; as 
oxen, sheep," &c, Cotgr. 

BESTIALIT E, s. Cattle. Complaynt S.— 
L.B. bestialia, pecudes ; Fr. bestail. 

BESTREIK, part. pa. Drawn out ; gold 
bestreik, gold wire or twist. Bar el— Teut. 
be-streck-cn, extendere. 

BESTURTED, part. pa. Startled, alarmed, 
affrighted, S. — Germ.besturz-cn, to startle; 
besturzt seyn, to be startled, lhre views 
Isl. stird-r, rigid, immovable, as the root. 

BESWAKIT, part. pa. Apparently, soak- 
ed, drenched. Dunbar.— Isl. sock, mer- 
ger, saukc-a, mergi. 

To BESWEIK, v. a. To allure ; to beguile, 
to deceive — A.S. swic-an, beswic-an, Isl. 
svik-ia. Alem. bisuich-en, Sn.G. swik-a, 
Germ, schwick-en, id. 

To BET, Bete, v. a. To strike. V. Bvr, S. 

BET, pret. Struck. Gaican and Gol. — 
A.S. beat-an, Su.G. bet-a ; ta bete, thou 
hast struck. 

JjE1,2? Bet doicn, beat or broken 
down, Bcllenden. 

To BET, r. a. To defeat ; apparently for 
beat. Craufurd's Hist. Univ. Edin. 

To BET, v. a'. To abate ; to mitigate. V. 
To Beit. 

BET, Bett, pret. and part. Helped, sup- 
plied. V. Beit. 

BET, part. pa. Built, erected. Douglas. 
— This is a secondary and oblique sense 
of the r. Beit,q.v. 

BET, adj. Better. King's Quair.— A.S. 
bet, Teut. bat, bet, melius, potius, magis ; 
Alem. bas, bae, melior, the compar. of bat, 
bonus. A.S. bet-an, emendare, and the 
other synon. verbs in the Northern lan- 
guages, have been viewed as originating 
the term. Bet, indeed, seems to be merely 
the past part., mended, i. e. made better. 

BETANE, part. pa. Perhaps, enclosed. 
Barbour. — A.S. betien-en, betyn-an, to en- 
close, to shut up. 

BETAUCI1T, Betuk. Delivered, com- 
mitted in trust ; delivered up. V. Betecii. 

7oBETECH, Beteach,i\ a. To deliver up, 
to consign ; betuk, pret. betaucht, pret. 
and part. pa. Barbour. — Hence the 
common Scots expression, " God I beteach 
me till," Rudd. ; and that used by Ram- 
say, Betootch-us-to ; i. e. Let us commend 
ourselves to the protection of some supe- 
rior being. — O.E. bitoke, committed ; also 
bitaughten, bitakun, bitauht. A.S. bctaec- 
an, tradere, concedere, assignare, com- 
mendare ; to deliver, to grant, to assign 
or appoint, to betake or recommend unto; 
Somner. Betaehte, tradidit. 

\ BEU 

BETHANK, s. In your bethank ; indebted 
to you, Ayrs. Spaewife. 

BETHANKIT, s. A ludicrous and irreve- 
rent term for giving thanks after meat, 
Ayrs. Burns. 

BETHEREL, Betiiral, 8. An inferior kirk- 
officer who waits on the pastor iu his of- 
ficial work, attends the session when they 
meet, summons delinquents, &c. Ayr- 
shire Legatees. Corr. of E. beadle. 

BETHLERIS. Leg. Bechleris. Bache- 
lors. Houlate. 

BETHOUT, prep, and ade. Without, Fife. 
Synon. Athout, which is used in the same 
sense. Perhaps, A.S. be-utan. 

* BETIMES, adr. 1. By and by; in a 
little. 2. At times ; occasionally, S. 

BETING, s. Reparation. V. under Beit, v. 

To BETREYSS, Betrase, r. a. To betray. 
Barbour. Bctrasit, Douglas ; betraissed, 
Wallace ; betraised, Chaucer ; betraist, 
R. Brunne. — Germ, trieg-en, betrieg-en : 
Fr. trah-ir, id. trahi-son, treason. 

To BETRUMPE, r. a. To deceive. Dou- 

* BETTER, adj. 1. More, in reference to 
number, S. ; as, better than a dozen, more 
than twelve. 2. Higher in price. I paid 
better than a shilling, i.e. more than a 
shilling, S. 3. Often used in regard to 
health, S. — Su.G. baettre, id. 

BETTERS, s. pi. Ten betters; ten times 
better, Aberd. 

BETTER SCII APE. Cheaper ; at a lower 
price. Acts J a. IV. 

BETTY, s. Abbrev. of Elizabeth ; some- 
times of the old S. name Beatrix, S. 

BETTIRNESS, s. 1. Superiority; applied 
to land. 2. Amelioration ; emendation ; 
applied especially as to health. 

BETTLE, s. Stroke ; blow. Diminutive 
from beat, a blow, also a contusion, S.B. 

BETWEESH, prep. Betwixt, S. V. At- 


BETWEKIS, prep. Betwixt. Aberd. Beg. 
V. Atweesh. 

BEVAR, s. One who is worn out with age. 
Henrysone. — It is evidently from the 
same source with Barard, adj. q.v. We 
still say a betir-horse, for a lean horse, or 
one worn out with age or hard work ; S. 

BEUCH, (gutt.) s. A bough, a branch, S. 
Douglas. — A.S. boga,boh, id. from bug-an, 
to bend. 

To BEUCHEL, (gutt.) r.n. To walk with 
short steps, or in a feeble, constrained, or 
halting manner ; to shamble. " A beu- 
chelin body," Roxb. — Teut. boechel-en, 
buechel-en, niti, couari. 

BEUCHEL, s. A little, feeble, crooked 
creature. — Germ, b'ugel ; Teut. beughel ; 
Su.G. bygel, curvatura; Isl. &<;#//-«, tortuo- 
sum reddo, from bcyg-ia, to bend. 

BEUCHIT, (giOt.) Bowed, crooked, 
S. Dour/las. — A.S. bug-an, curvare. 

BEUGH, (gutt.) s. A limb, a leg, Border. 


Evergreen.— Isl. bog, Alem. puac, Germ. 
bug, id. The term is applied both to man 
and to other animals. Both Ihre and 
Wachter view bug-en, to bend, as the 
origin ; as it is by means of its joints that 
an animal bends itself. V. Bought. 

BEVEL, s. A stroke ; sometimes, a violent 
push with the elbow, S. Many, — This 
is a derivative from Baff, bef, q.v. 

To BEVER, Baiver, Better, v. n. To 
shake, to tremble ; especially from age 
or infirmity ; as, "We're auld beverin 
bodies" ; " Bererln wi' the perils," shak- 
ing with the palsy, Roxb. Berwicks. — 
A.S. beoff-ian, tremere, trepidare, bef-ian, 
bif-gean, id. beofung, bifung, tremor. V. 

BEUER, Bever, s. A beaver. Bellen- 

BEVERAGE, s. A salute given upon put- 
ting on a piece of new dress, generally by 
a male to a female ; as, " She gat the be- 
verage o' his braw new coat." 

BEVEREN, Beterand, part. pr. Sir 
Gaican and Sir Gal. — Perhaps from A.S. 
befer-an, circumdare ; or as the same 
with beverand, which Sibb.renders " shak- 
ing, nodding" ; deriving it from Teut. bev- 
en, contremere. This is a provincial E. 
word. "Severing, trembling. North." Gl. 
Grose. V. Bever, v. 

BEUGLE-BACKED, adj. Crook-backed. 
Watson. — A.S. bug-an, to bow ; Teut. 
boechel, gibbus ; Germ, bugel, a dimin. 
from bug, denoting anything curved or 
circular.' It is undoubtedly the same word 
that is now pronounced boolie-backit, S. 

BEVIE (of a fire) s. A term used to denote 
a great fire ; sometimes, bevke, S. Per- 
haps from E. bavin, " a stick like those 
bound up in faggots." Johnson. It is thus 
used in O.E. 

BEVIE, s. A jog, a push, S. from the same 
source with bevel. V. Baff, s. 

BEVIL-EDGE, s. The edge of a sharp 
tool, sloping towards the point; a term 
used by masons, S. V. Bevel, r. E. 

BEVIS. V. Bevar. 

BEUKE, pret. v. Baked. Douglas.— A.S. 
boc, pret. of bac-an, pinsere. 

BEULD, adj. Bow-legged, Ang. ; q. beu- 
geld from the same origin with beugle, in 
Beugle-backed , q.v. 

BEW, adj. Good; honourable. Bew schyris, 
or schirris, good Sirs. Fr. beau, good. 

To BEWAVE, Bewaue, r. a. To cause to 
wander or waver. Palice of Honour. — 
A.S. ivaf-ian, vacillare, fluctuare. 

To BEWAVE, Bewaue, v. a. 1. To shield ; 
to hide ; to cloak. 2. To lay wait for; to 
overpower by means of some base strata- 
gem, Ayrs. V. Bywaue. 

BE WEST, prep. Towards the west, S. 
Baillie's Lett. V. Be, prep. 

BEW1DD1ED, prut. adj. Deranged, Ettr. 

) BY 

For. Hogg. — From be, and Teut. woed-en, 

To BEWILL, r. a. To cause to go astray, 
Buchan ; syn. with E. bewilder. Tarras's 
Poems. From be, and will, lost in error, 
q. v. 

BEW1S, Bewys, Boughs. Douglas. 
V. Beuch. 

BEWIS,s.pZ. Beauties. O.Fr. &ea;<,beauty. 
Jf ait land Poems. 

BEW1TH, s. A place of residence ; a do- 
micile, Perths. — Perhaps allied to A.S. 
by-an; Su.G. bo, bo-a, bu-a, to build, to 
inhabit ; Isl. by, in pret. buid, inhabited ; 
whence bud ; Su.G. bod, mansio; E. booth, 
and S. bothie. 

BEWITH, s. A thing which is employed 
as a substitute for another, although it 
should not answer the end so well. Ram- 
say. One who arrives, when the regular 
dinner is eaten, is said to get " only a 
bcivith for a dinner," S. From the subst. 
v. be, conjoined with the prep, with, q. 
what one must submit to for a time. 

To BEWRY, v. a. To pervert, to distort. 
Douglas. — Teut. wsroegh-en, torquere, an- 

BEWTER,s. The bittern. Sir E. Gordon's 

BEYONT,^r<7>. Beyond, S. 

Back-o'-Beyo.nt, adv. At a great dis- 
tance ; synon. Fer outby, S. The Anti- 

BEZWELL, adv. However, Orkn. Per- 
haps abbrev. for " It will be as well." 

BHALIE, s. A hamlet or village, Gael. 
Clan-Albin. V. Bal. 

To BY, r. a. To purchase ; to buy. Acts 
Man/. — A.S. bygan, emere. 

BY, prep. 1. B'eyond, S. Pitscottie. 2. 
Besides, over and above. Pitscottie. 3. 
Above, more than, in preference to. 
Davidsone'sSchort Discnrs. 4. In a way 
of distinction from, S. Wallace. 5. 
Without. Pitscottie. 6. Away from, 
without regard to, contrary to. Wallace. 
By, as thus used, is sometimes directly 
contrasted with be, as signifying by in the 
modern sense of the term. This may be 
viewed as an oblique sense of by as sig- 
nifying beyond ; perhaps in allusion to an 
nrrow that flies wide from the mark. 

BY, adv. 1. When, after ; q. by the time 
that, Pitscottie. This idiom is very an- 
cient. Moes.G. Bi the galithun thai 
broihrjus is ; When his brethren were 
gone up. 2. As signifying although ; as, 
" I carena by" I don't care though I agree 
to your proposal, S. 3. Denoting ap- 
proximation, or approach from some dis- 
tance ; used in the composition of various 

Dow.\-by, adv. Downwards ; implying the 
idea that the distance is not great. 

In-by, adv. Nearer to any object ; q.v. 

i Iur-bt, adv. This, as well as Through-by, 




is used by neighbours iu the phrase 
" Come our-by" or, " Come through-by," 
when parks, woods, streams, or some- 
thing that must be passed through or over, 
intervenes between their respective resi- 
dences, S. 

Out-by, adv. q. v. 

Through- by, adv. V. Our-by. 

Up-by, adr. Upwards, S. 

BY-COMING, s. The act of passing by or 
through a place, S. MeMU's Diary. 

BY-COMMON, adv. Out of the ordinary 
line ; by signifying beyond. Gait. 

BY-COMMON, adj. Singular, Ayrs. E. 

BY-EAST, towards the east. V. Be, prep. 

BY-GAlN. In the by-gain. 1. Literally, 
in passing, in going-by, Aberd. 2. Inci- 
dentally, Aberd. 

BY-GATE, Byget, s. A by-way. Mayne's 
Siller Gun. 

BY-GOING, s. The act of passing. Mon- 
ro's Exped. Teut. bygaen signifies to ap- 
proach, to come near. 

BY-HAND, adv. Over, S. Y.Hand. 

the want of the exercise of reason ; beside 
himself or herself. V. Himsell. 

BY ONE'S MIND. Deprived of reason. 

BY-HOURS, s. pi. Time not allotted to re- 
gular work, S. Agr. Surv. Peeb. 

BY-LYAR, s. A neutral. Knox.— From 
the r. To lie by, E. 

BYAR,s. A purchaser. Aberd. Beg. V.By,c. 

BIAS, a word used as a mark of the super- 
lative degree ; bias bonny, very hand- 
some ; bias hungry, very hungry, Aberd. 
V. Byous, which is perhaps the proper 

BIB, s. A term used to denote the stomach, 
Ang. Borrowed, perhaps, from the use of 
that small piece of linen, thus denomi- 
nated, which covers the breast or stomach 
of a child. 

BYBILL, s. A large writing, a scroll so 
extensive that it may be compared to a 
book. Detection Q. Mary. — The word 
occurs in a similar sense in O.E. As used 
by Chaucer, Tyrwhitt justly renders it 
" any great book." In the dark ages, 
when books were scarce, those which 
would be most frequently mentioned 
would doubtless be the Bible and Bre- 
viary. Or, this use of the word may be 
immediately from L. B. biblus, a book, 
(Gr. /3i?/of), which occurs in this sense 
from the reign of Charlemagne down- 

BIBLIOTHEC,*. A library. Nicol Burne. 
— Lat. bibliotheca. 

BIBLIOTHECAR, s. A librarian, ibid. 

BICHMAN, s. Perhaps, for buthman, q. 
boothman, one who sells goods in a booth. 
Dunbar.— In edit. 1508, it is buthman, 

BYCHT. V. Lyciit. Hmlate. 

BICK, s. A bitch ; "the female of the canine 
kind," S. — A.S. bicca, bicce, id. ; Isl. 
bickia, catella. 

To BICK and BIRR, v. n. To cry as 
grouse, Roxb. Winter Ev. Tales. — Per- 
haps allied to Belg. bikk-en, to beat, to 
chop, as denoting the noise made by its 
wings. V. Birr. 

To BICKER, Byker, r. n. This v., as used 
in S., does not merely signify, " to fight, 
to skirmish, to fight off and on," as it is 
defined in E. dictionaries. It also de- 
notes, 1. The constant motion of weapons 
of any kind, and the rapid succession of 
strokes, in a battle or broil. Wallace. 
2. To fight by throwing stones ; S. 3. 
To move quickly ; S. " He came down 
the gait as fast as he could bicker." 4. 
It expresses the noise occasioned by suc- 
cessive strokes, by throwing of stones, or 
by any rapid motion ; S. — C.B. bicre, a 
battle ; " Pers. jnjkar," id. Gl. Wynt. 

BICKER, Bikering, s. 1. A fight carried 
on with stones ; a term among school- 
boys, S. Bickers, as they are called, were 
often held on the Caltonhill. They took 
place almost every evening a little before 
dusk, and lasted till night parted the 
combatants ; who were generally idle 
apprentices, of mischievous dispositions, 
that delighted in chasing one another 
from knoll to knoll with sticks and stones. 
( 'ampbell's Journey. 2. A contention, 
strife, S. Baillie. 3. A short race, Ayrs. 

BICKER, Biquour, s. A bowl, or dish for 
containing liquor ; properly, one made 
of wood; S. Evergreen. — Germ, becher; 
Isl. baukur, bikare ; Sw. bagare ; Dan. 
begere ; Gr. and L.B. /3£/»« § i, baccarium ; 
Ital. bicchiere, patera, scyphus. 

BICKERFU', s. As much of anything as 
fills a bicker, S. The Pirate. 

BICKERIN', s. Indelicate toying, Dumfr. 
Synon. Baqenin, Fife. V. Bicker-raid. 

BICKER-RAID, s. The name given to a 
kind of indecent frolic which formerly 
prevailed in harvest, after the labourers 
had finished dinner. A young man, laying 
hold of a girl, threw her down, and the 
rest covered them with their empty 
bickers ; Roxb. 

To BID, v. a. 1. To desire, to pray for. 
Henrysone. — This sense is common in 
O.E. 2. To care for, to value. Douglas. 
From the same origin with Bedis, q.v. 

BIDDABLE, adj. Obedient; pliable in 
temper; as, " A biddable bairn," a child 
that cheerfully does what is desired; from 
the E. r. to bid, to command. 

BIDDABLENESS, s. Disposition to obey; 
compliant temper, S. 

BIDDABLIE, adv. Obediently. 

To BIDE, Byde, v. a. 1. To await, to wait 
for. Kelly. 2. To wait for, as implying 
the idea of defiance. Spalding. 3. To 

BID t 

suffer, to endure. " He bides a great 
deal of paiu ;" S. Westmorel. id. Ross. 
— An oblique sense of Moes.G. beid-an, 
A.S. bid-cm, expectare. 

To BIDE be, r. n. To continue in one 
state, S. 

To BIDE or BYD at, v. «. and a. To per- 
sist. To abide by. Keith's Hist. 

To BYDE be or by, v. a. To adhere to; as, 
"I'll no byde be that agreement," S. ; the 
same as Byde at. 

To BYDE KNAWLEGE. To bear inves- 
tigation; an old forensic term. V. Knaw- 

BIDE, s. Applied to what one endures. 
A terrible bide ; verv acute pain, Loth. 

B YDINGS, s. pi. Evil endured ; what one 
has to suffer, Aug. Boss. 

B I DINGS, s. pi. Sufferings. V. Bide, r. 

BIEYFIR, s. The designation given to the 
double portion of meat formerly allotted, 
by a chief, to his Galloglach or armour- 
bearer, in the Western Isles. Martin's 
West. 7*7.— Gael, biadh, meat, food, and 
fear, a man ; i. e. a man's portion. 

BIEYTA'V, g. The name given to the food 
served up to strangers, taken immediately 
after being at sea, ibid. — Perhaps beit-hav, 
from Isl. beit, food, and haf; Dan. kr, 
the sea. 

BIELD, s. Shelter. V. Beild. 

To BIELD, r. a. To protect. V. Beild. 

BIELY, adj. Affording shelter, Gall. Da- 
vidson's Seasons. V. Beii.dy. 

BIER, s. Expl. as signifying twenty 
threads in the breadth of a web. V. 

BIERDLY, Bierly, adj. Popular Ball. 
— It is viewed as the same with Burdly, 
q.v. But to me it seems rather to signify, 
fit, proper, becoming, from Isl. byr-iar, 
ber, decet, oportet. 

BIERLY, adj. Big ; burly. Skinner's 
Christmas Ba'inq. 

BIERLING, s. A galley, S.B. Statist. 

To BIETTLE, Beetle, v. n. 1. To amend; 
to grow better ; applied to the state of 
one's health. 2. To recover ; applied to 
the vegetable kingdom ; as, " The crap's 
beetlin' now." Dimin. from A.S. beot-ian, 
bet-an, convalescere. 

BIG, Bigg,. 1 ?. A particular species of bar- 
ley, also denominated bear, S. Cumb. id. 
barley. Statist. Ace. V. Chester Bear. 
—Isl. bygg, hordeum, Dan. byg, Su.G. 
biugq, id. 

To BIG, Byg, b. a. To build ; S. Cumb. 
Westmorel. id. Wallace. — This word 
occurs inO.E., although not very frequent- 
ly. A.S.bycg-an,Isl. bygg-ia, Su.G. bygg-a, 
aedificare, iustruere, a frequentative from 
bo, id. ; as it is customary with the 
Goths thus to augment monosyllables in 
o ; as sugg-a from so, a sow. 

To BIG, v. n. To build a nest. A common 


use of the term in S. " The gray swallow 
bigs i' the cot-house wa'." Remains Nith- 
dale Song. 

To BIG round one. To surround, Aberd. 

To BIG upon. To fall upon; to attack, 
Aberd. ; perhaps referring to the ap- 
proaches made by a besieging army. 

BIG-COAT, s. A great-coat, S. 

BYGANE, Bigane, Bygone, adj. 1. Past ; 
S. The latter is mentioned by Dr. John- 
son as " a Scotch word." Acts J a. I. 2. 
Preceding ; equivalent to E. predeceased. 

BYGANES, Bigones, used as a. pi. denot- 
ing what is past, but properly including 
the idea of transgression or defect. 1. It 
denotes offences against the sovereign, or 
the state, real or supposed. Baillie. In 
this sense it is used proverbially ; Let 
byganes be byganes, let past offences be 
forgotten, S.' 2. It is used in relation to 
the quarrels of lovers, or grounds of 
offence given by either party, S. Morisou. 
3. It often denotes arrears, sums of mo- 
ney formerly due, but not paid, S. Wod- 

BIG GAR, s. A builder, one who carries 
on a building. Acts Mary. 

BIGGIE, Biggin, s. A linen cap, Ayrs. 
— Fr. beguin. V. Bigonet. 

BIGGING, Byggyn, Byggynge, s. A build- 
ing ; a house, properly of a larger size, 
as opposed to a cottage, S. Wallace. — 
Biggin, a building, Gl. Westmorel. Isl. 
bigging, structura. 

BIGGIT, part. pa. Built.— This word is 
used in various senses, S. Biggit land, 
land where there are houses or buildings, 
contrasted with one's situation in a soli- 
tude, or far from any shelter during a 
storm, S. Barbour. Weill biggit, well- 
grown, lusty. Melr ill's MS. A icedl 
biggit body is one who has acquired a 
good deal of wealth, S.B. 

BIGGIT WA'S, s. pi. Buildings ; houses, 
S. Guy Mannering. V. To Big, Byg. 

BIGGIT, pret. Perhaps, inclined. King 
Hart.— A.S. byg-an,fLectere. 

BIGHT, ^. l.'A loop upon a rope. 2. 
The inclination of a bay, Loth. — Teut. 
bigh-en, pandari, iucurvari, flecti; Isl. bugt, 
curvatura, sinus. V. Bought. 

BIGHTSOM, adj. Implying an easy air, 
and, at the same time, activity, S.B. 
Morison. — Perhaps q. buxom, from A.S. 
bocsum flexibilis ; byg-an, to bend. 

BIGLY, Bygly, adj. 1. Commodious, or 
habitable. Bludy Serk. 2. Pleasant, 
delightful. Bord. Minst— From A.S. 
big-an, habitare, and lie, similis. 

BIGL1E, adj. Rather large, Ettr. For. 
From big, large, q. big-like. 

BIGONET, s. A linen cap or coif. Ram- 
say. — From the same origin with E. big- 
gin, " a kind of coif, or linen cap for a 
young child ;" Phillips ; or rather from 


Fr. beguine, a nun of a certain order in 

BIGS, Barbour, xix. 392. Pink. ed. Leg. 
Lugis, lodges. 

BYILYEIT, part. pa. Boiled. Chalmers's 

BYK. Apparently, an errat. for byt, bite. 

BYKAT, Beikat, s. A male salmon ; so 
called, when come to a certain age, be- 
cause of the beak which grows in his un- 
der jaw ; Aug. 

BIKE, Byke, Byik, Beik,s. 1. A build- 
ing, a habitation, S. Gawan and Got. 
2. A nest or hive of bees, wasps, or ants, 
S. Douglas. 3. A building erected for 
the preservation of grain ; Caithn. Pen- 
nant. 4. Metaph. an association or col- 
lective body ; S. Lyndsay. To skail 
the byke, metaph. to disperse'an assembly 
of whatever kind ; S. 5. A valuable 
collection of whatever kind, when ac- 
quired without labour or beyond expec- 
tation. G. In the North of S. it is used 
in a similar sense, but only denoting 
trifles.— Isl. biik-ar, denotes a hive, 
alvear ; and Teut. bie-boch, bie-buyck, 
apiarium, alvearium, Kilian. The Isl. 
word is probably from Su. G. bygq-a, 
to build, part. pa. bygdt ; q. something 
prepared or built. There seems to be 
no reason to doubt that the word, as 
used in sense 2. is the same with that de- 
noting a habitation. For what is a byke 
or bee-bike, but a building or habitation 
of bees ? 

To BIKE, v. n. To hive ; to gather together 
like bees, South of S. A. Scott's Poems. 

BYKING, s. A hive ; a swarm. Syn. Bike, 
Byke, Ettr. For. Hogg. 

BYKNYF, Bvknife, s."A knife. Perhaps 
a house-knife, from A.S. bye, habitatio, 
and cnif, a knife ; or it may be a knife 
lying by one, or at hand. Aberd. Reg. 

BYKYNIS, s. Bodkins. Aberd. Reg. V '. 


BILBIE,s. Shelter, residence ; Ang. This, 
I apprehend, is a very ancient word. It 
may be either from Su.G. byle, habitacu- 
lum, and by, pagus, conjoined, as denot- 
ing residence in a village ; or more simply, 
from Bolby, villa primaria ; from hot, 
praedium, and by, a village. Thus bolby 
would signify a village which has a prae- 
dium, or territory of its own, annexed 
to it. 

BILCH, {gutt.) s. LA lusty person. 2. 
In Selkirks.,a little, crooked, insignificant 
person. V. Belch. 

To BILCH, (ch soft) r. n. To limp ; to 
, halt, Tweedd. Roxb. Syn.IIilch. Perhaps 
from Teut. bulcker, inclinare se ; or Isl. 
bylta, volutare, billta, casus, lapsus. 

BILCHER, s. One who halts, ibid. 

BILDER, a. A scab, Ang.— A.S. byle, car- 
bunculus, Su.G. bo! da or boeld, ulcus. 



BILEDAME, s. A great-grandmother. 
Co!ke!bie Sow. Like E. beldam, from Fr. 
belle dame. It seems probable that this 
was an honourable title of consanguinity ; 
and that as E. grandam denotes a 
grandmother, in O.Fr. grande-dame had 
the same sense in common with grande- 
mere ; and that the next degree back- 
wards was belle-dame, a great-grand- 
mother. Be/dam seems to have fallen 
into equal disrepute with Luckie, which, 
as well as Luckie-minnie , still signifies a 
grandmother, transferred to an old wo- 
man, and often used disrespectfully. 

BILEFT, fret. Remained, abode. Sir 
Tristrem. — A.S. belif-an, superesse, to re- 
main ; Alem. bilib-en, Franc, biliu-en, 
manere ; Schilter. 

To BYLEPE, v. a. To cover, as a stallion 
does a mare. Douglas. — A.S. behleap-an, 
insilire, Su.G. leop-a, Teut. loop-en, catu- 

BILES, Byus, *. A game for four persons ; 
a sort of billiards. Chal. Life of Mary. 
— Fr. bille, a small bowl or billiard ball. 

BILF.s. Amonster. St. Patrick. V. Belch, 

BILF, s. A blunt stroke, Ayrs. Lanarks. 
Gait's R. Gilhaize. Beff, Baff, syn. 

BILGET, s. A projection for the support 
of a shelf, &c, Aberd.— Teut. bulget, bul- 
ga ; O.Goth, bulg-ia, to swell out. 

BILGET, adj. Bulged, jutting out. Dou- 
glas. — Su.G. bulg-ia, to swell, whence Isl. 
bylgia, a billow." Or, Isl. eg beige, curvo ; 
belgia huopta, inflare buccas. 

To BILL, v. a. 1. To register, to record. Bp. 
Forbes. 2. To give a legal information 
against, to indict ; synon. with Delate, 
Dilate. Acts J a. VI. 

BILL, s. Corr. of E. Bull. Davidson's 
Poems.— From Sw. boel-a, Isl. baul-a, to 
bellow ; Isl. baula, a cow, baidi, a bull. 

To BILLY, r. n. To low. Corr. of bellow, 
Galloway. Davidson's Seasons. 

BILLY BENTIE. A smart, roguish boy ; 
used either in a good or in a bad sense; as, 
" Weel, weel, Billy benty, I'se mind you 
for that !" S. From billy, a boy, sense 
8., and perhaps A.S. beniith, "that hath 
obtained his desire ;" from bene, a re- 
quest or boon, and tith-ian, ge-tith-ian, to 

BILLY BLYNDE, Billy Blix, g. 1. The 
designation given to Brownie, or the 
lubber fiend, in some of the southern 
counties of S. Rem. of JYith. Song. 2. 
Blind-man's-buff. As the skin of an ani- 
mal was generally worn by him who sus- 
tained the principal character in Blind- 
man's-buff, or Blind Hark, the sport 
may be so denominated from his sup- 
posed resemblance to Brownie, who is 
always represented as having a rough 
appearance, and as being covered with 
hair. Y. Blind IIauie. 



BILLYBLINDER,s. 1. The person who 
hoodwinks another in the play of Blind- 
man's-buff, S. 2. Metaph. used for a blind 
or imposition. Perils of Man. 

B1LL1E,, s. 1. A companion, a com- 
rade. Minstrelsy Border. 2. Fellow, 
used rather contemptuously, S. ; synon. 
chield,chap. Shirrefs. 3. As a term ex- 
pressive of affection and familiarity ; S. 
Ramsay. 4. A lover, one who is in suit 
of a woman. Evergreen. Still used in 
this sense, S.B. 5. A brother, S. Min- 
strelsy Border. 6. Apparently used in 
allusion to brotherhood in arms, accord- 
ing to the ancient laws of chivalry. Min- 
strelsy Border. 7. A young man. In this 
sense it is often used in the pi. The 
billies, or the young billies, S.B. It is expl. 
"a stout man, a clever fellow/' Gl. Shirr. 
8. Sometimes it signifies a boy, S.B. as 
synon. with callan. Ross. — It is probably 
allied to Su.G. Germ. biUhj, Belg. billik, 
equalis ; as denoting those that are on a 
footing as to age, rank, relation, affection, 
or employment. 

BILLYHOOD, s. Brotherhood, South of S. 
Brownie of Bodsbcck. 

BILLIT, adj. "Shod with iron," Rudd. 
Billit ax. Douglas. — This phrase is per- 
haps merely a circumlocution for the 
bipennis, or large ax. V. Balax. 

BILSH, s. 1. A short, plump, and thriving 
person or animal ; as, " A bilsh o' a cal- 
lan," a thickset boy, Lanarks. Roxb. 
Pilch is used in the same sense. 2. A 
little waddling fellow, Ettr. For. 

BILSHIE, adj. Short, plump, and thriving, 

To BILT, r. n. To go lame ; to limp ; also 
to walk with crutches, Roxb. 

BILT, s. A limp, ibid. 

BILT, s. A blow, Ayrs. Gl. Picken. 

BILTER,s. A child, Dumfr. ; Id. pilfer, 

BILTIE, adj. Thick and clubbish, Lanarks. 

BILTINESS,s. Clubbishuess ; clumsiness, 
ibid. V. Bulty. 

BILTIN', part. pr. Limping ; as, biltin' 
area'. Syn. Liltin'', O.S. — Isl. billta, \o\u- 
tare, prolabi, inverti. 

To BIM, r. n. To hum, Renfrews. A variety 
of Bum, q. v. 

BIM,s. The act of buzzing, ibid. 

BIMMER, j. That which hums, ibid. 

To BIN, i: n. To move with velocity and 
noise ; as, " He ran as fast as he could 
bin, i. e., move his feet, Fife ; syn. Binner. 
Allied, perhaps, to Isl. bein-a, expedire, 
negotium promovere. 

BIN. A sort of imprecation ; as, " Bin thae 
biting clegs !" Sorrow be on these biting 
clegs ; used when one is harassed by 

BIN, s. Key; humour, Aberd. It seems 
the same as Bind, q. v. 

BIN, s. A mountain. S.O. Galloway.— 

From Gael, ben, id., Lomond bin, being 
synon. with Benlomond. 

BIND, Binde, s. 1. Dimension, size ; es- 
pecially with respect to circumference. 
A barrel of a certain bind, is one of cer- 
tain dimensions, S. ; hence Barrel bind. 
Acts Ja. III. 2. It is used more gener- 
ally to denote size in any sense. Acts 
Mary. 3. Metaph. to denote ability. 
"Aboon my bind," beyond my power. 
This is often applied to pecuniary ability ; 
S. This use of the word is evidently bor- 
rowed from the idea of binding a vessel 
with hoops. 4. Used in reference to 
morals. A.Scott's Poems. 

B1ND-POCK, s. A niggard. Kelly. 

BINDLE, s. The cord or rope that binds 
anything, whether made of hemp or of 
straw; S. — Su.G. bindel, a headband, a 
fillet, from bind-as, to bind. Teut. bindel, 

BINDWEED, s. Ragwort, S. Wilson's 
Renfrews. V. Bunwede. 

BINDWOOD, s. The vulgar name for ivy, 
S. ; Hedera helix, Linn. ; pron. binwud. 
—Denominated, perhaps, from the strong 
hold that it takes of a wall, a rock, trees, 
&c, q. the binding wood. It is probably 
the same which is written benwood. Sta- 
tist. Ace. In Sutherland and its vicinity 
those who are afraid of having their cows 
bewitched, and the milk taken from them, 
twist a collar of ivy and put it round the 
neck of each of their cows. 

BING, s. 1. Aheap in general. Lyndsay. 2. 
A heap of grain, S. Douglas. 3. A pile 
of wood ; immediately designed as a fu- 
neral pile. Douglas. 4. " A temporary 
enclosure or repository made of boards, 
twigs, or straw ropes, for containing 
grain or such like"; Gl. Sibb., where it is 
also written binne. — Dan. bing, Sw. binge, 
Isl. binq-r, cumulus. 

To BING, v. a. 1. To put into a heap. 2. 
Denoting the accumulation of money. 
Tarras's Poems. 

To BYNGE, r. n. To cringe. V. Beenge. 

To BINK, r. a. To press down, so as to 
deprive anything of its proper shape. It 
is principally used as to shoes, when, by 
careless wearing, they are allowed to fall 
down in the heels ; S. — O.Teut. bangh- 
en, premere, in angustum cogere. Sw. 
bank-a, to beat, seems allied ; q. to beat 
down. Or it may be a frequentative from 
A.S. bend-an, to bend. 

To BINK, v. n. To bend ; to bow down ; 
to curtsy ; leaning forward in an awk- 
ward manner, Loth. 

BINK, s. The act of bending down. A 
horse is said to give a bink, when he 
makes a false step in consequence of the 
bending of one of the joints. To play bink, 
to yield, Loth. 

BINK, *. 1. A bench, a seat ; S.B. Priests 
ofPebligt 2. a wooden frame, fixed to 


the wall of a house, for holding plates, 
bowls, spoons, &c. Ang. It is also called 
a Plate-rack ; S. The Antiquary. Col- 
cil. 3. The long seat beside the fire in a 
country house. Tarras's Poems. Pro- 
bably an oblique sense of the same term 
which signifies a bench. V. Benk. 

BINK-SIDE, s. The side of the long seat 
beside the fire. Tarras's Poems. 

BINK, s. A hive. A Bee-bink, a nest or 
hive of bees; a Wasp-blnk, a hive of wasps, 
Loth. Roxb. Perhaps a corr. of bike, id. 
though Kilian gives bie-bancke as old. 
Teut. signifying apiarium. 

BINK, s. 1. A bank, an acclivity, S.B. 
Evergreen. 2. Bink of a peat-moss, the 
perpendicular part of a peat-moss, from 
which the labourer, who stands opposite 
to it, cuts his peats. Stat. Ace. — Wachter 
observes that Germ, bank, Su.G. baenk, 
denote any kind of eminence. V. Benk. 

BINKIE, adj. Gaudy ; trimly dressed, 
Tweedd. Perhaps a corr. of syn. term 
Diukic, q. v. 

BINN (o/ sheaves.) All the reapers on a 
harvest-field. If not from boon, perhaps 
from C.B. bydhin, turma, a troop, a com- 

BINNA, c. subst. with the negative affixed. 
Be not, for be na. 

BINNA, Binnae, prep. Except, save, but ; 
as," The folk are a' cum,binnae twa-three," 
Lanarks. An elliptical term for " if 
it be not," or be it not. Be na, S. V. 

BINNE, s. A temporary enclosure for pre- 
serving grain, South of S. — A.S. binne, 
praesepe. V. Bing, sense 3. 

To BINNER, r. n. 1. To move with ve- 
locity, and with a humming sound. A 
wheel is said to binner when driven round 
with rapidity and emitting a humming 
sound, Aberd. - Mearns. Fife. Laaarks. 
Syn. Bicker, Birl. 2. To run, or gallop, 
conjoining the ideas of quickness and 
carelessness, Aberd. Mearns. — Probably 
from C.B. buanawr, swift, fleet ; buanred, 
rapid ; from buan, id. 

BINNER, Binnerin, s. A bickering noise, 
S.B. Christmas Ba'ing. 

BINWEED. V. Bunwede. 

BYOUS, adj. Extraordinary. Byous wea- 
ther, remarkable weather, Clydes. Loth. 
Aberd. V. Bias. 

BYOUS, adv. Very ; in a great degree. 
Byous hungry, very hungry', ibid. 

BYOUSLIE, adv. Extraordinarily ; un- 
commonly, Loth. Clydes. 

BYOUTOUR, BootyeRjS. A gormandizer; 
a glutton, Renfrew. Bootyert, Stirlings. 
Perhaps a metaph. use of Boytour, the S. 
name of the bittern, from its supposed 

BYPASSING,... Lapse. Acts Ja. VI. 

BYPAST, adj. Past ; reckoned by Dr. 
Johnson " a term of the Scotch dialect/' 

5 Bra 

BYPTICIT, part. pa. Dipped or dyed. 
Houlate. — Lat. baptizo. 

BIR, Birr, s. Force. I find that Isl. byr, 
expl. ventus ferens, is deduced from ber-a, 
ferre ; Gl. Edd. Saem. Perhaps bir is 
derived rather from Isl. foer, life, vigour, 
to which tir, tirr, the term denoting 
force Aberd. seems to have affinity. V. 

BIRD, Beird, Brid, Burd, g. LA lady, a 
damsel. Ga/man and Gol. — As bridde is 
the word used by Chaucer for bird, it is 
merely the A.S. term for pullus, pullulus. 
Bird, as applied to a damsel, appears to 
be the common term used in a metaph. 
sense. 2. Used, also metaph., to denote 
the young of quadrupeds, particularly of 
the fox. V. Tod's Birds. Perhaps this 
definition should rather belong to Bird, 
Burd, offspring. 

BIRD, Burd, s. Offspring. This term 
seems to be generally used in a bad sense ; 
as, witch-burd, the supposed brood of a 
witch ; whore' s-burd, &c. Loth. Isl. byrd, 
nativitas, genus, familia. 

BYRD, v. imp. It behoved, it became. 
Barbour. — A.S. byreth, pertinet. This 
imp. v. may have been formed from byr- 
an, ber-an, to carry, or may be viewed as 
nearly allied to it. Hence bireth, ges- 
tavit ; Germ, bcrd, ge-baerd, id., sick 
berd-en, gestum facere. Su.G. boer-a, 
debere, pret. bordc, anciently boerjade. 

BIRD and JOE. A phrase used to denote 
intimacy or familiarity. Sitting bird and 
joe, sitting cheek by jowl, like Darby and 
Joan, S. 

BIRDIE, s. A diminutive from E. Bird, S. 

BIRD-MOUTH'D, adj. Mealy-mouth'd, S. 

* BIRDS, s. pi. " A' the birds in the air ;" 
a play among children, S. 

BIRD'S-NEST, s. Wild carrot. Daucus 
carrota, Linn. 

BIRDING, s. Burden ; load. Douglas.— 
A.S. byrthen ; Dan. byrde, id. V. Birth, 

BYRE, s. Cowhouse, S. Byer, id. Cumb. 
Gatran and Gol. — Perhaps allied to 
Franc, buer, a cottage ; byre, Su.G. byr, a 
village ; Germ. 6a«cr,habitaculum, cavea; 
from Su.G. bo, bu-a, to dwell. Or from 
Isl. bu, a cow; Gael, bo, id. — Rather from 
O.Fr. bouterie, a stall for oxen, from 
boi'.uf, an ox. 

BYREMAN, s. A man-servant who cleans 
the byre or cowhouse on a farm, Ber- 

BIRGET THREAD, Birges Threed. Per- 
haps Bruges thread. Rates. 

BIRK,s. Birch, a tree, S. Betula alba, 
Linn. Douglas. — A.S. birc; Isl. biorki ; 
Teut. berck, id. 

BIRKIE, adj. Abounding with birches, S. 

BIRK-KNO WE, s. A knoll covered with 
birches, S. Lights and Shadows. 




BIRKIN, Birken, adj. Of, or belonging 
to birch, S. Mayne's Siller Gun. Ga- 
wan and Gol. — A.S. beorcen, id. 

To BIRK, v. n. To give a tart answer ; to 
converse in a sharp and cutting way, S. 
— A.S. birc-an, beorc-an, to bark, q. of a 
snarling humour. Hence, 

BIRKIE, adj. 1. Tart in speech, S. 2. 
Lively; spirited; mettlesome. Gait. 

BIRK Y, s. 1 . A lively young fellow ; a per- 
son of mettle, S. Poems Buchan Dial. 
2. Auld Birky, " In conversation, analo- 
gous to old Boy," Gl. Shir. Ramsay. — 
Allied, perhaps, to Isl. berk-ia, jactare, to 
boast ; or biarg-a, opitulari, q. one able 
to give assistance. 

BIRKIE, Birkv, s. A trifling game at 
cards, at which only two play, throwing 
down a card alternately : he who follows 
suit wins the trick, if he seizes the heap 
before his opponent can cover his card 
with one of his own. E. Beggar-my-neigh- 
bour. From Isl. berk-ia, to boast. 

To BIRL, Birle, v. a. 1. This word pri- 
marily signifies the act of pouring out, or 
furnishing drink for guests, or of parting 
it among them. Douglas. 2. To ply with 
drink. Minst. Border. 3. To drink plen- 
tifully, S. Douglas. 4. To club money 
for the purpose of procuring drink. " I'll 
birle my bawbie," I will contribute my 
share of the expense, S. Ramsay. — In 
Isl. it is used in the first sense ; byrl-a, 
infundere, miscere potum. In A.S. it oc- 
curs in sense third, birl-ian, biril-ian, 
haurire. Hence byrle, a butler. Isl. byr- 
lar, id. Birle, O.E. has the same signifi- 

To BIRL, r. n. To drink in society, S. 
Old Mortality. 

To BIRL, i: n. 1. To "make a noise like 
a cart driving over stones, or mill-stones 
at work." It denotes a constant drilling 
sound, S. Popular Ball. 2. Used impro- 
perly, to denote quick motion in walking, 
Loth. 3. Sometimes it denotes velocity 
of motion in whatever way. Davidson's 
Seasons. 4. To toss up, Loth. Roxb. — ■ 
Birl seems to be a dimin. from the v. Birr, 
used in the same sense, formed by means 
of the letter I, a common note of diminu- 
tion. Dr. Johnson has observed, that " if 
there be an I, as in jingle, tingle, tinkle, &c, 
there is implied a frequency, or iteration 
of small acts ;" Grammar E. T. We may 
add, that this termination is frequently 
used in words which denote a sharp or 
tingling sound ; as E. whirl, drill; S. tirl, 

BIRLAW-COURT, also Birley-Court. V. 

BIRLEY-OATS, Barley-Oats, s. pi. A 
species of oats, S. Statist. Ace. — It seems 
to have received its name from its sup- 
posed resemblance to barley. 

BIRLIE, s. A loaf of bread', S.B. 

BIRLIE-MAN, s. One who assesses da- 
mages ; a parish arbiter ; a referee, South 
of S. Loth. Expl. in Gl. Antiquary ; " the 
petty officer of a burgh of barony." 

BIRLIN,s. A long-oared boat of the 
largest size, often with six, sometimes 
with eight oars ; generally used by the 
chieftains in the Western Isles. It sel- 
dom had sails. Martin's St. Kilda. — 
Probably of Scandinavian origin, as Sw. 
bars is a kind of ship ; and berling, a boat- 
staff, Seren. I am informed, however, that 
in Gael, the word is written bhuirlin. 

BIRLIN, s. A small cake, made of oat- 
meal or barley-meal ; syn. Tod, Ettr. For. 
Tweedd. — Gael, builin, signifies a loaf, 
and bairghean, a cake. 

BIRLING, s. A drilling noise, S. 

BIRLING, §. A drinking match, in which, 
generally, the drink is clubbed by the 
company. Bride of Lammermoor. 

BIRN, s. The high' part of a farm where 
the young sheep are summered; or dry, 
heathy pasture, reserved for the lambs 
after they have been weaned, Roxb. Loth. 
— C.B. bryn, a hill ; Su.G. brun, vertex 
montis ; Isl. bryn and brun, a height in a 
general sense. 

To BIRN Lambs. To put them on a poor, 
dry pasture. Agr. Sure. Peeb. 

BIRNY, adj. 1. Covered with the scorched 
stems of heath that has been set on fire, S. 
2. Having a rough or stunted stem ; ap- 
plied to plants, i. e. like the stems of burnt 
heath, furze, &c, Loth. V. Birns. 

BIRN, s. The matrix, or rather the labia 
pudenda of a cow.— Allied, perhaps, to 
Isl. brund-ur, pecudum coeundi actus, et 
appetitus inire ; G. Andr. C.B. bry, 
matrix vulva. 

To BIRN, r. a. To burn. V. Bryn. 

BIRN, Birne, s. 1. A burnt mark, S. Acts 
Charles II. 2. A ma.rk burnt on the 
noses of sheep, S. 3. Skin and Birn, a 
common phrase, denoting the whole of 
anything, or of any number of persons or 
things, S.; from A.S. byrn, burning. Acts 

BIRN, s. A burden, S.B. Ross, To gie 
one's birn a hitch, to assist him in a strait, 
S.B. Poems Buchan Dial. — An abbre- 
viation of A.S. byrthen, burden ; if not 
from C.B. bwm, onus, byrn-ia, onerare. 

BIRNIE, Byrnie, s. A corslet ; a brigan- 
dine. Douglas. — A.S. byrn, byrna ; Isl. 
bryn, brynia ; Sw. bringa, thorax, lorica, 
munimentum pectoris ; probably from Isl. 
bringa, pectus. 

BIRNS, s. pi. Roots ; the stronger stems 
of burnt heath, which remain after the 
smaller twigs are consumed, S. Penny- 
cuik. — A.S. byrn, incendium. 

BIRR, s. Force. V. Beir. 

To BIRR, r.n. 1 . To make a whirring noise, 
especially in motion ; the same with birl, 



S. Douglas. It is very often used to de- 
note the sound made by a spinning-wheel. 
The Entail. 2. To be in a state of con- 
fusion, S.B. It seems to signify the con- 
fusion in the head caused by violent ex- 
ercise. Skinner. V. Beir, S. 

BIRR, Birl, s. The whizzing sound of a 
spinning-wheel, or of any other machine, 
in rapid gyration. Gl. Sum. Nairn. 

BIRRING, s. The noise made by partridges 
when they spring, S. 

BIRS, Birss,s. The gad-fly, Roxb.— E. 
breeze, brize ; Ital. brissio ; A.S. brimsa. 

B IRS, Birse, Byrss,Birssis,s. 1. A bristle; 
" a sow's birse" the bristle of a sow, S. 
Evergreen. 2. Metaph. for the beard. 
Knox. 3. Metaph. for the indication of 
rage or displeasure. " To set up one's 
birss," to put one in a rage. The birse is 
also said to rise, when one's temper be- 
comes warm, in allusion to animals fenced 
with bristles, that defend themselves, or 
express their rage in this way, S. Course 
of Conformitie. — A.S. byrst ; Germ, borst, 
burst; Su.G. borst, id. Ihre derives it 
from burr, a thistle. Sw. sacttia up bor- 
sten, to put one in a rage ; boi-sta sig, to 
give one's self airs, E. to bristle up. 
Hence the origin of E. brush; for Sw. 
borst, is a brush, borsta, to brush, from 
borst, seta ; a brush being made of bristles. 

BIRSALL, s. A dye stuff. Perhaps for 
Brasell, or Fernando buck wood. Aberd. 

To BIRSE, Birze, Brize, r. a. 1. To 
bruise, S. Watson. Palice of Honour. 
Brise is common in O.E. 2. To push or 
drive ; to birse in, to push in, S. Shirrefs. 
3. To press, to squeeze. To birse up. — 
A.S. brys-an; Belg. brys-en ; Ir. bris-im; 
Fr. bris-er, id. 

BIRSS Y, adj. 1. Having bristles ; rough, 
S. Douglas. 2. Hot-tempered ; easily ir- 
ritated, S. 3. Keen ; sharp ; applied to 
the weather. " A birssy day," a cold, 
bleak day, S.B. 4. Metaph. used in re- 
gard to severe censure or criticism. 

BIRSE, Brize, s. 1. A bruise, S. Gait. 
2. The act of pressing ; the pressure made 
bya crowd ; as," We had an awfu' birse," S. 

To BIRSLE, Birstle, Brissle, v. a. 1. To 
burn slightly; to broil; to parch by means 
of fire ; as, to birsle peas, S. Douglas. 
2. To scorch; referring to the heat of the 
sun, S. Douglas. 3. To warm at a lively 
fire, S. A.Bor. brush, id. To dry; as, 
" The sun brusles the hay," i. e. dries it. 
— Su.G. brasa, a lively fire ; whence Isl. 
brys, ardent heat, and bryss-a, to act with 
fervour, ec breiske, torreo, aduro ; A.S. 
brastl, glowing, brastlian, to burn, to make 
a crackling noise. 

BIRSLE, Brissle, $. 1. A hasty toasting 
or scorching, S. 2. Apparently that which 
is toasted. 

B1RST. s. Brunt. To dree <>r stand the 


birst; to bear the brunt, Roxb.— From 
A.S. byrst, berst, malum, damnum, q. sus- 
tain the loss ; or byrst, aculeum. 

To BIRST, r. n. To weep convulsively ; 
to birst and greet, Aberd. This appears 
to be a provincial pronunciation of E. 
burst; as, " She burst into tears." 

* BIRTH, s. An establishment ; an office ; 
a situation, good or bad, S. Gl. Surv. 

BIRTH, Byrth, s. Size; bulk; burden. 
Douglas. V. Burding.— Isl. byrd, byrth- 
ur, byrth-i ; Dan. byrde ; Su.G. boerd, 
burden ; whence byrding, navis oneraria. 
The origin is Isl. ber~a; Su.G. baer-a ; 
A.S. ber-an, byr-an, portare. 

BIRTH, s. A current in the sea, caused 
by a furious tide, but taking a different 
course from it, Orkn. Caithn. Stat. Ace. 
— Isl. byrd-ia, currere, festinare, Verel.; 
apparently signifying a strong current. 

BIRTHIE, adj. Productive ; prolific ; from 
E. birth. Law's Memoriedls. 

BYRUN, Birun, part. pa. Past ; " Byrun 
rent." Aberd. Reg. 

BY-RUNIS, Byru'nms, s. pi. Arrears. 
Skene. This is formed like By-ganes, q. v. 

BYRUNNING,^> Waved. Douglas. 
— Moes.G. birinu-au, percurrere. 

BYSENFU', adj. Disgusting, Roxb.— Isl. 
busn, a prodigy. V. Byssm. 

BYSENLESS, s. Extremely worthless ; 
without shame in wickedness ; without 
parallel. — A.S. bysen, bysn, exempluni. 

BYSET, s. A substitute, Ayrs. q. what 
sets one by. V. Set by, v. 

BISHOP, s. 1. A peevish, ill-natured boy ; 
as, " A canker'd bishop," Lanarks. This 
seems to have originated among the com- 
mon people in the West, from the ideas 
they entertained of the Episcopal clergy 
during the period of the persecution. 2. A 
rammer, or weighty piece of wood used 
by paviors to level their work, Aberd. 

BISHOPRY, s. Episcopacy ; government 
by diocesan bishops. Apologet. Relation. 
— A.S. biscoprice, episcopatus. 

BISHOP'S FOOT. It is said, The Bishop's 
foot has been in the broth, when they are 
singed, S. Tyndale. — This phrase seems 
to have had its origin in times of Popery, 
when the clergy had such extensive in- 
fluence, that hardly anything could be 
done without their interference. A simi- 
lar phrase is used A.Bor. " The Bishop 
has set his foot in it," a saying in the 
North, used for milk that is bumt-to in 

BY-SHOT, s. One who is set aside for an 
old maid, Buchan. Tarras's Poems. 

BYSYNT, adj. Monstrous. Wyntown. V. 


BISKET, s. Breast. V. Brisket. 
BISM, Bysyme, Bisne, Bisine, s. Abyss ; 
gulf. Douglas. — Fr.abysme; Gr. a£W<>?. ; 
BISMAR, Bysmer, s. A steelyard, or in- 



strurr.ent for weighing resembling it ; 
sometimes bissimar, S.B. Orkn. Barry. 
V. Pundlar. — Isl. bismari, bcsmar, libra, 
trutina minor ; Leg. West.Goth. bismare ; 
Su.G. besman ; Teut. bosemer, id. stater ; 
Kilian. G. Andr. derives this word from 
Isl. bes, a part of a pound weight. 

BISMARE, Bismere, s. 1. A bawd. 2. A 
lewd woman, in general. Douglas. — " F. 
ab A.S. bismcr, contumelia, aut bismerian, 
illudere, dehonorare, polluere," Rudd. 

B1SMER, s. The name given to a species 
of stickleback, Orkn. Barry. 

BISMING, Byisming, Byisning, Bysening, 
Bysynt, adj. Horrible; monstrous. Dou- 
glas. V. Byssym. 

BISON, s. The wild ox, anciently common 
in S. Pennant. 

BYSPEL, Byspale, s. A person or thing 
of rare or wonderful qualities; frequently 
used ironically; as, " He's just a byspel," 
he is an uncommon character, Roxb. 
Teut. byspel; Germ, be yspiel, an example, 
a pattern, a model. — A.S. bispell, bigspell, 
an example, &c; also, a byword, a pro- 
verb; from hi, big, de, of, concerning, and 
spel, a story, a speech, &c. 

BYSPEL, adv. Very, extraordinarily. By- 
spel vcecl, very well, exceedingly well, 

BY-SPEL, s. An illegitimate child, Roxb. 
North' of E. id. Low E. bye-bloic. 

BYSPREXT, part. pa. Besprinkled; over- 
spread. Douglas. Belg. besprengh-en, to 

BISSARTE, Bissette, s. A buzzard ; a 
kind of hawk. Acts Ja. II. — Germ, bu- 
sert; Fr. bussart, id. 

To BYSSE, Bizz, v. n. To make a hissing 
noise, as hot iron plunged into water, S. 
Doug/as. — Belg. bies-en, to hiss like ser- 

B1SSE, Bizz, s. 1. A hissing noise, S. 2. 
A buzz ; a bustle. Ferguson. 

BISSET, s. Apparently plate of gold, sil- 
ver, or copper, with which some stuffs 
were striped. Chalmers's Mary. — Fr. 
bisete, bisette, id. 

BYSSYM, Bysym, Besuji, Bysn, Bissome, 
Bussome, Bysning, s. 1. A monster. 
Houlate. 2. A prodigy ; something por- 
tentous of calamity. Knox. 3. Bysim 
is still used as a term highly expressive 
of contempt for a woman of an unworthy 
character, S. Y. Bisming. — Mr. Mac- 
pherson, vo. Bysynt, mentions A.S. bys- 
morfull, horrendus. Isl. bysmarfull has 
the same sense ; bysna, to portend ; bysn, 
a prodigy, graude quod ac ingens,G. Andr. 

BISTAYD, Bistode, pret. Perhaps, sur- 
rounded. Sir Tristrem. — A.S. bestod, cir- 
cumdedit, from bestand-an ; Teut. besteen, 
circumsistere, circumdare. 

BISTER, s. Expl. " a town of land in Ork- 
ney; as, Hobbister, i. e. a town or district 
of high land ; Sicanbister, corr. Swambister, 


supposed to signify the town of Sweno." 
" A considerable number [of names of 
places in Orkney and Shetland] end in 
ster and bister; as, Swaraster, Kirkabister, 
&c. It is probable, however, that the 
names at present supposed to end in ster, 
are abbreviations from seter. Both imply 
settlement or dwelling." Edmonstone's 
Zetl. Isl. setur, sedes, a seat ; so bister, 
from bi, pagus, and seter ; i. e. " the seat 
of a village." 

BYSTOUR, Boysture, s. A term of con- 
tempt, the precise meaning of which seems 
to be lost. Pohcart. Several similar terms 
occur, as Fr. historic, crooked, boister, to 
limp ; bustarin, a great lubber. 

BIT, s. A vulgar term used for food, S. 
Bit and baid, meat and clothing, S.B. 
Boss. Although baid be understood of 
clothing, I suspect that it, as well as bit, 
originally signified food, from A.S. bead, 
a table. 

BYT, s. A blow or stroke, Aberd. Banff. 
Douglas. — A.S. byt, morsus, metaph. used. 

* BIT, .«. 1 . Denoting a place, or particular 
spot; as, " He canna stan' in a bit," he is 
continually changing his situation. Guy 
Mannering. 2. Applied to time ; " Stay 
a wee bit," stay a short while. Black 
Dwarf. 3. The nick of time ; the crisis, 
S.O. "IntheoiJo'time." Bums. 4. Often 
used in conjunction with a substantive in- 
stead of a diminutive ; as, a bit bairn, a 
little child, S. Antiquary. 5. U&ed as a 
diminutive expressive of contempt. " Ye 
greet more for the drowning of a bit calf 
or stirk, than ever ye did for all the 
tyranny and defections of Scotland." 
Walker's Peden. 

BITTIE, s. A little bit, S.B. Synon. with 
bittock, S.A. Pron. buttie or bottie, Aberd. 
— Ban. bitte, pauxillus, pauxillulus. 

BIT and BRAT. V. Brat, s. 

BIT and BUFFET WI'T. One's susten- 
ance accompanied with severe or unhand- 
some usage. S.Pror. 

BITE, s. LA mouthful of food, the same 
with E. bit, S. 2. A very small portion 
of edible food ; what is barely necessary 
for sustenance, S. Old Mortality. 3. A 
small portion, used in a general sense. In 
this sense, bite in S. is still used for bit 
in E. 

BITE and SOUP. Meat and drink ; the mere 
necessaries of life, S. Heart Mid-Loth. 

BYTESCHEIP, s. A contemptuous term, 
meant as a play on the title of Bishop. 
Bite, or devour the sheep. Semple. 

BITTILL, Bittle, s. A beetle ; a heavy 
mallet, especially one used for beating 
clothes. Houlate. The Pirate. 

To BITTLE, Bittil, r. a. To beat with a 
beetle ; as, to bittle lint, to beat flax, Loth . 

BITTLIN, s. The battlements of any old 
building, Ayrs., q. battelling. 

BITTRIES, s. pi. Buttresses. Aberd. Peg. 




BITTOCK,*. 1. A little bit, S. Glenfer- 
gus. 2. A small portion, applied to space ; 
as, " A mile and a bittock." Guy Man- 
nering. V. the letter K. 

To BY'WAUE, v. a. To coyer ; to hide ; 
to cloak. Douglas. — A.S. bewaef-an ; 
Moes.G. bi tea lb /an, id. 

BYWENT, part. adj. Past, in reference 
to time ; synon. Bygane. Bellenden. — 
Moes.G. bi, postea ; A.S. icendan, ire. 

BIZZ, g. To tak the bizz; applied to cattle 
when, from being stung with the gadfly, 
they run madly about. 

To BIZZ, r. n. To hiss. V. Bysse. 

To BIZZ, Bizz about, r. n. To be in con- 
stant motion; to bustle, S. Su.G. bes-a, 
a term applied to beasts which, when be- 
set with wasps, drive hither and thither ; 
Teut. bies-en, bys-en, furente ac violento 
impetu agitari, Kilian. 

BIZZEL, s. A hoop or ring round the end 
of any tube, Roxb. This is merely a pe- 
culiar use of E. bezel, bezil, that part of a 
ring in which the stone is fixed. 

BIZZY, adj. Busy, S.— A.S. bysig ; Belg. 
besig, id. ; or Su.G. besa, which denotes 
the violent motion of an animal harassed 
by the gadfly. V. Besy. 

BLA, Blae, adj. 1. Livid ; a term fre- 
quently used to denote the appearance of 
the skin when discoloured by a severe 
stroke or contusion, S. Douglas. 2. 
Bleak, lurid, applied to the appearance 
of the atmosphere. A blae day, a day 
when the sky looks hard and lurid, espe- 
cially when accompanied with a thin, 
cold wind that produces shivering. — 
Su.G. blaa, Isl. bla-r, Germ, blaw, Belg. 
blauw, Franc, p/auu, lividus, glaucus. 

To BLAAD, r.a. To sully; to dirty; to 
spoil ; as, " the blaadin o' the sheets," 
Aberd. Perhaps the same with Blad, r. 
sense 2. 

BLAAD, s. A stroke, Galloway. V.Blaud. 

BLAB, s. A small globe or bubble, Lanarks. 
V. Blob. 

To BLABBER, Blaber, Bleber, v. n. 
To babble, to speak indistinctly. II. 
Bruce. — Teut. blabber-en, confuse et 
inepte garrire, Jun. vo. Blab. Hence, 

BLABERING, s. Babbling. Douglas. 

BLABER, s. A kind of cloth imported 
from France. Keith's Hist. Perhaps 
from Fr. blafard, blaffard, pale, bleak in 

BLACK. To put a thing in black and white. 
To write it. 

BLACK, s. A vulgar term for a scoundrel ; 
a black-guard, S. Cidloden Pap. 

BLACK-AIRN, s. Malleable iron ; in con- 
tradistinction to that which is tinned, 
called White-aim, S. 

BLACKAVICED, adj. Dark of the com- 
plexion, S. from black and Fr. vis, the 
visage. Ramsay. 

BLACKBELICKIT. Used as a s. and 

equivalent to E. nothing; as, "What 
did ye see ?" Blackbelickit, i. e., " I saw 
nothing at all," Lanarks. In other parts 
of S. De'il is substituted for Black, the 
meaning being the same. 

BLACK BITCH, s. A bag clandestinely 
attached to a hole in the mill-spout, that 
part of the meal may be abstracted as it 
runs down into the trough, South of S. 

BLACK-BO YDS, The name given 
to the fruit of the bramble, West of S. 

BLACK-BOOK, s. A name given to the 
histories written by the monks in their 
different monasteries. Perhaps so deno- 
minated because they were written with 
black ink, in contradistinction to the 
Rubrics, which were written with red 

BLACK-BURNING, adj. Used in re- 
ference to shame, when it is so great as 
to produce deep blushing, or to crimson 
the countenance, S. Ramsay. — Su.G. 
Isl. blygd, shame, blushing ; blygd-a, to 
blush ; q. the burning of blushes. 

BLACK-COCK, s. The Heath-cock, black 
Game, S. Tetrao tetrix, Linn. V. Penn. 
Zool. p. 266. Tetrao seu Urogallusmi- 
nor. — Gallus palustris Scoticus, Gesn. 
Nostratibus, the Black cock. Sibb. Scot. 
p. 16. V. Capercailye. 

BLACK-COCK. To make a Black-cock of 
one ; to shoot one, S. ; as in E. to bring 
down one's bird. Wacerley. 

BLACK COW. V. Black Ox. 

BLACK CRAP, s. LA crop of peas or 
beans, S. 2. A name given to those crops 
which are always green, such as turnips, 
potatoes, &c, Mid-Loth. 

BLACK DOG. " Like butter in the black 
dog's hause," a prov. used to denote that 
a thing is irrecoverably gone. Antiquary. 

BLACK-FASTING, adj. Applied to one 
who has been long without any kind of 
food. St. Ronan. 

BLACK FISH, fish when they have re- 
cently spawned. V. Reid Fische. 

BLACK-FISHER, s. One who fishes ille- 
gally at night. V. Black-Fishing. 

BLACK-FISHING, s. Fishing for sal- 
mon, under night, by means of torches, 
S. So termed, perhaps, because the fish 
are Black, or foul, when they come up the 
streams to deposit their spawn in the 
gravelly shallows, and are there speared 
by the Black-fisher. Stat. Account. V. 

BLACK-FOOT, s. A sort of match-maker ; 
one who goes between a lover and his 
mistress, endeavouring to bring the fair 
one to compliance, S. pronounced black- 
fit ; synon. ltfttsh, q. v. Saxon and Gael. 

BLACK FROST. Frost without rime or 
snow lying on the ground, as opposed to 
white frost, equivalent to E. hoarfrost. 

BLACK-HEAD, s. The Powit-gull,Shetl. 



BLACK-HUDIE, s. The coal-head, a bird, 
Roxb. Black-bannet, syn. Clydes. 

BLACKYMORE, s. A negro ; the vulgar 
pron. of O.E. blackamore. 

BLACKLEG, s. A disease in cattle ; the 
same as Black S2xtul,q. v. Ettr. For. 

BLACK-LEG, s. A matchmaker. Syn. 
Black-foot. Ett. For. 

BLACKLIE, adj. Ill-coloured ; having a 
dirty appearance ; applied to clothes that 
are ill-washed, or that have been soiled 
in the drying, Ang. — From A.S.blac, blaec, 
and lip, similis, q. having the likeness of 
what is black. 


BLACK MILL. A corn-mill of the an- 
cient construction, with one wheel only, 
which lies horizontally under the mill- 
stone, Argyles. 

BLAC MONE, Black Money. The desig- 
nation given to the early copper currency 
of S. in the reign of James III. Acts Ja. 

BLACK-NEB, s. One viewed as disaffected 
to government, S. Antiquary. 

BLACK-NEBBED, Black-Nebbit, adj. 1. 
Having a black bill. 2. Applied to those 
who are viewed as inimical to the exist- 
ing government. 

BLACK OX. The black ox is said to tramp 
on one who has lost a near relation by 
death, or met with some severe calamity. 

BLACK PUDDING. A pudding made of 
blood, suet, onions, pepper, and a little 
oatmeal, enclosed in one of the intestines 
of a cow, or ox, killed as a Hart. 

BLACK-QUARTER, s. A disease of cattle. 
V. Black Spaul. 

BLACK SAXPENCE, s. The Devil's six- 
pence ; supposed to be received as a 
pledge of engagement to be his, soul and 
body. Though of a black colour, and not 
of legal currency, the person who keeps 
it constantly in his pocket, however much 
he may spend, will always find a good 
sixpence beside it, Roxb. 

BLACK-SOLE, s. A confident in courtship, 
Lanarks. Syn. with Black-foot. 

BLACK SPAUL. A disease of cattle, S. 
" The Black Spaul is a species of pleurisy, 
incident to young cattle, especially calves, 
which gives a black hue to the flesh of the 
side affected. It is indicated by lame- 
ness in the fore foot, and the common re- 
medy is immediate bleeding." Prize Es- 
says, Hii/hl. Soc. S. ii. 207. 

BLACK-STANE, Blackstone, s. 1. The 
designation given to a dark-coloured 
stone, used in some of the Scottish uni- 
versities, as the seat on which a student 
sits at a public examination, meant to 
test the progress he has made in his 
studies. This examination is called his 
Profession. " In King's College, Aber- 
deen, and in Glasgow, the custom of 


causing the students to sit on the grave- 
stone of the founder at certain examina- 
tions is still literally retained. Bower's 
Hist. Univ. 2. The term has been used 
metaph. to denote the examination itself. 
Melvill's Diary. 

BLACK SUGAR, s. Spanish Licorice, S. 

BLACK TANG,s. Fucus vesicolosus, Linn. 

BLACK VICTUAL, s. Pulse ; peas and 
beans, either by themselves, or mixed as 
a crop, S. 

BLACK WARD, g. A state of servitude 
to a servant. S. APKenzie's Inst. 

BLACK-WATCH, s. The designation 
given, from the dark colour of their tar- 
tan, to the companies of loyal Highland- 
ers, raised after the rebellion in 1715, for 
preserving peace in the Highland dis- 
tricts. They formed the nucleus of what 
was afterwards embodied as the brave 
42d Regiment. Warerley. 

BLACK WEATHER, 5. Rainy weather, 

BLACK WINTER, s. The last cart-load 
of grain brought home from the harvest- 
field, Dumfr. 

To BLAD, r. n. To walk in a clumsy man- 
ner, taking long steps, and treading heav- 
ily, Dumfr. Lamp, Loth. Clydes. — Teut. 
be-laed-en, degravare, onerare. — Or, per- 
haps, to pass over great blads of the road 
in a short time. 

BLAD, p. LA long and heavy step in walk- 
ing, Dumfr.; syn. Lamp, Clydes. 2. A 
person walking with long and heavy steps, 
Dumfr.; syn. a Lamper, Clydes. 

BLAD, Blaud, s. A large piece of any- 
thing, a considerable portion, S. expl. 
"a flat piece of anything," Gl. Burns. 
Pohcart. " A blacl of bread," is a large 
flat piece. " I gat a great Mad of Virgil 
by heart ;" I committed to memory a 
great many verses from Virgil. 

To Ding in Blads. To drive or break in 
pieces. MelriWs MS. — This word, as 
perhaps originally applied to food, may 
be from A.S. blacd, fruit of any kind ; 
blaed, bled, also denoted pot-herbs ; lr. 
bladh, a part ; bladh-am, I break. 

Blads and Dawds, is still the designation 
given to large leaves of greens boiled 
whole, in a sort of broth, Aberd. Loth. 

BLAD, s. A person who is of a soft con- 
stitution ; whose strength is not in pro- 
portion to his size or looks ; often ap- 
plied to a young person, who has become 
suddenly tall, but is of a relaxed habit, 
S.B. — Allied, perhaps, to A.S. blaed, as 
denoting, either the boughs or leaves of 
trees, or growing corn ; as both often 
shoot out so rapidly as to give the idea of 
weakness ; or, to Germ, Mode, the origi- 
nal sense of which is, weak, feeble. 

BLAD, s. A portfolio, S.B. Picken.— As 
the E. word is comp. of Fr. porter, to 
carry, and feuille, a leaf ; the S. term has 




a similar origin, being evidently from 
Su.G. Mad, A.S. blaed, folium. 

To BLAD. 1. Used impers. " Its Mad- 
din on o' iceet," the rain is driving on ; a 
phrase that denotes intermitting showers 
accompanied with squalls, S. 2. To slap, 
to strike ; to drive by striking, or with 
violence, S. Dad. synon. Evergreen. 3. 
To abuse, to maltreat in whatever way, 
Aberd. Corn is said to be Maddit, when 
overthrown by wind. 4. To use abusive 
language, Aberd. S. A. 5. To spoil ; to 
fatigue with wet and mire ; 67. Sure. 
Nairn, — Germ. Modern is used in the 
first sense. Es Modert, it storms and 
snows ; also, Mat-en, to blow. Isl. blaegt-a 
indeed signifies, to be moved by the wind, 
motari aura ; O.Fr. plaud-er, to bang, to 

BLAD, Blaad, Blaud, s. A severe blow 
or stroke, S. Jacobite Relics. 

BLAD, s. A squall ; always including the 
idea of rain, S. A heavy fall of rain is 
called " a Mad of weet," S.B. 

BLADDY, adj. Inconstant, unsettled ; ap- 
plied to the weather. " A Maddy day," 
is one alternately fair and foul. 

BLAD, g. A dirty spot on the cheek, S. 
Perhaps q. the effect of a blow. Gael. 
Mad, however, is synon. 

BLADARIE, s. Perhaps vain glory. It. 
Bruce.— Tent. Maeterije, jactantia, vanilo- 

BLADDERAND, Bladdrand. V. Ble- 

BLADDERSKATE, s. Expl. " an indis- 
tinct or indiscreet talker," South of S. 
Song,Maggy Lauder. — Perhaps from Su.G. 
Madeira, to babble, and skata, a Magpie. 

To BLADE, r. a. To nip the blades off 
colewort, S. Edin. Mag. 

BLADE, s. The leaf of a tree, S.— A.S. 
blaed, bled ; Su.G. Isl. Belg. Mad, Germ. 
Mat, Alem. plat, id. ; perhaps the part pa. 
of A.S. blew-an, Mowan, florere, to bud, to 
burgeon ; Maeu-ed, q. what is Mowed, or 
shot forth ; just as Eranc. bluett, flos, is 
from b/u-en, florere. 

BLAD HAET. Nothing ; not a whit.—- 
" Blad haet did she say," she said no- 
thing. Somewhat equivalent to Eient 
haet, i. e. fient a whit : so Blad haet, bang 
the haet, confound the bit ! V. Hait, 
Hate and Blad, v. 

BLADIE, Blaudie, adj. Applied to plants 
having a number of large broad leaves 
growing out from the main stem, and not 
on branches ; as, " blaudie kail," blaudie 
beans, &c, S. V. Blad, Blaud, s. 

BLADOCH, Bledoch, Bladda, s. Butter- 
milk, S.B. Bannatyne Poems. — Ir. bladh- 
aeh, Gael, blath-a'ch, id. C.B. Milh, milk 
in general. 

BLADRY, S . Expl. « trumpery." Kelly. 
—It may be either the same with Blad- 
arie, or Blaidry, q. v. 

BLADIIUCK, .--. A talkative, silly fellow, 
Dumfr. V. Blether, r. 

BLAE,otf/. Livid. Y. Bla. 

To Look 'Blae. To look blank ; having 
the appearance of disappointment. Hence 
a Mae-face, S. M. Bruce. 

BLAENESS, s. Lividness. Upp. Clydes. 
V. Bla. 

To BLAE, v. n. 1. To bleat as lambs do ; 
louder than to Mae, Roxb. 2. Used in 
the language of reprehension, in regard 
to children ; generally, to blae and greet. 
— Fr. beler, signifies to bleat, and C.B. 
blau-, a cry. 

BLAE, s. A loud bleat, Roxb. 

BLAE, s. A kind of blue-coloured clay, 
or soft slate, found as a substratum, S.O. 

BLAE, Blay, s. The rough parts of wood 
left in consequence of boring or sawing, 
S.B. Germ. Meh, thin leaves or plates ; 
lamina, bracteola, Wachter. Norw. 
Moee, what is hacked small in woods. 
Ha I lager. 

BLAES, s. pi. Apparently, lamina of stone, 
S. Laic Case. 

BLAE-BERRY, *. The Billberry ; Yac- 
cinium myrtillus, Linn. Ramsay. — Sw. 
bla-baer, vaccinium, Seren. Isl. blether, 
myrtilli ; G. Andr. 

BLAFFEN, s. The loose flakes or lamina 
of a stone. Fluthers syn. Fife. — Teut. 
Maf, planus. Y. Blae and Blaes. 

To BLAFLUM, v. a. To beguile, S. 
Ramsay. Y. Bleflum. 

BL AIDIT, part. pa. Apparently the same 
with Blad, v., to slap, to abuse, &c. Pit- 

BLAIDRY, Bladdrie, s. 1. Nonsense ; 
foolish talk. Ramsay. 2. Sometimes it 
would seem equivalent to E.Jlummery or 
syllabub, as if it denoted unsubstantial 
food. M. Brucc's Led. 3. The phlegm 
that is forced up in coughing, especially 
when in a great quantity. The Crieff 
beadle viewed this as the primary sense, 
when he said to an old minister, after 
preaching, " Ye'll be better now, Sir, ye 
hae gotten a hantle blethrie aff your sta- 
mock the day." 4. Empty parade ; or 
perhaps vain commendation, unmerited 
applause. V. Bladry, and Blether, v. 

BL AIDS, s. pi. A disease. Watson's Coll. 
— A.S. blaedr, Su.G. Maedot, and Germ. 
bletter, denote a pimple, or swelling with 
many reddish pimples that eat and spread. 
A.S. Meacth, leprosy. 

BLAIN, s. A mark left by a wound, the 
discolouring of the skin after a sore, S. 
Rutherford. — A.S. blegene, Belg. bleyne, 
pustula. But our term is more closely 
allied to Isl. blina, which is not only ren- 
dered pustula, but also, caesio ex rerbere ; 
G. Andr. Germ. Mae-en, to swell. 

BLAIN, s. 1. A blank, a vacancy. A Main 
in a field, a place where the grain has not 
sprung, Loth. 2. In pi. Mains, empty 

BLA 65 

grain, Banff's. — Probably a metaph. use 
of the preceding word ; or from A.S. 
blinnc, cessatio, intermissio. 

BLAINY, adj. Applied to a field with fre- 
quent blanks in the crop, from the grain 
not having sprung up, Loth. 

To BLAINCH, v.a. To cleanse.— From 
E. blanch, Fr. blanch-ir, to whiten. 

To BLAIR, Blare, r.n. 1. To make a noise; 
to cry loud, Ang. Roxb. 2. To bleat as 
a sheep or goat, S.A. T. Scott. V. Blair- 


BLAIR, Blare, s. 1. A loud sound; a cry, 
S.A. Jacobite Relics. 2. The bleat of 
a sheep, Roxb. — Teut. blaer-en, boare, 
mugire, Gael, blaer-am, to cry, bluer, a 

BLAIRAND, part. pr. Roaring; crying. 
—Teut. blaer-en, mugire. Gl. Sibb. 

BLAIR, s. That part of flax which is af- 
terwards used in manufacture, properly 
after it has been steeped, and laid out for 
being dried ; for after being dried, it is 
called lint, S. This in E. is denominated 
harle. — Sw.W«e/-,hardsof flax ; but rather 
from Isl. bluer, aura, because it is thus 
exposed to the drought. 

To BLAIR, v. v. To become dry by expo- 
sure to the drought, Ang. 

BLAIRIN, a. The ground appropriated for 
drying flax, Ang. This term also denotes 
the ground on which peats are laid out to 
be dried, Ang. 

BLAIS'D, part. pa. Soured, Ang. Fife. V. 

BLAISE, Bleeze, s. The Blaise of wood; 
those particles which the wimble scoops 
out in boring, Clydes. V. Blae, Blay. 

To BLAISTER, v. a. To blow with vio- 
lence. A.S. blaestan, insufflare. E. blus- 
ter seems to be originally the same word. 

BLAIT, adj. Naked ; bare. Pr. of Peblis. 

BLAIT, Blate, Bleat, adj. 1. Bashful ; 
sheepish, S. V. Blout, adj. 2. Modest ; 
unassuming ; not forward ; diffident. Old 
Mortality. 3. Curt ; rough ; uncivil, Ang. 
Aberd. Spalding. 4. Stupid ; easily de- 
ceived. Gl. Sure. Nairn and Moray. 
5. Blunt ; unfeeling ; a secondary sense. 
Douglas. C. Dull ; in relation to a mar- 
ket ; as, " a blate fair." Ross. 7. Metaph. 
used as expressive of the appearance of 
grass or corn, especially in the blade. 
We say, " That grass is looking unco 
bfute," when the season is backward, and 
there is no discernible growth, S. " A 
blait braird," Clydes.— O.E. blade, silly, 
frivolous ; or in the same sense in which 
we now speak of a blunt reason or excuse. 
Isl. blaad-itr, bluuth-ur, bland, soft. The 
word seems to be primarily applied to 
things which are softened by moisture. 
Mollis, limosus, maceratus. Hence used 
to signify what is feminine ; as opposed 
to huatar, masculine. It also signifies, 
timid. Bleyde, softness, fear, shame ; 


hugbleith, softness of mind ; Germ. Su.G. 
blode, Belg. blood, mollis, timidus. 
BLAITLIE, adr. Bashfully, S. 
BLAIT-MOUIT, adj. Bashful; sheepish; 

q. ashamed to open one's mouth. 
BLAITIE-BUM, 5. Simpleton ; stupid 
fellow. Lyndsay. — If this be the genuine 
orthography, perhaps from Teut. blait, 
vaniloquus ; or rather, blait, sheepish, and 
bomme, tympanum. But it is generally 
written Batie-bum, q. v. 
BLAIZE, s. A blow, Aberd. Christmas 
Bn'ing. — Su.G. blaasa; Teut. blaese, a 
wheal, a pustule ; the effect being put for 
the cause. S.B. bleach, syn. 
BLAK of the EIE, the apple of the eye, S. 

R. Bruce. 
BLAKWAK, g. The bittern. V. Bewter. 
BLAMAKING, s. The act of discolouring 
or making livid by a stroke. Aberd. Reg. 
BLAN, pre't. Caused to cease. Garcan and 
Got. It is undoubtedly the pret. of b/in. 
— A.S. Man, Mann, cessavit. 
BLANCH, s. A flash, or sudden blaze ; as, 
a blanch o' lightning, Fife. This seems 
radically the same with Blenk, Blixk. 
BLANCHART, adj. White. Gawan and 
Gol. — Fr. blunc, blanche, id. The name 
blanchards is given to a kind of linen 
cloth, the yarn of which has been twice 
bleached before it was put into the loom. 
Perhaps immediately from Teut. blanche, 
id. and nerd, Belg. uurdt, nature. V. Art. 
BLANCHE, 5. A certain mode of tenure. 
"Blanch holding is generally defined to 
be, that in which the vassal pays a small 
duty to the superior, in full of all services, 
as an acknowledgment of his right, either 
in money, or in some other subject, as a 
penny money, a pair of gilt spurs," &c. 
Ersk. Inst. The term may have origi- 
nated from the substitution of payment 
in white, or silver money, instead of a duty 
in the produce of the land. Hence the 
phrase Fre Blanche. 
BLANCIS, s. pi. Ornaments worn by those 
who represented Moors in the Pageant 
exhibited at Edinburgh, A. 1590. Wat- 
son's Coll. — If not allied to Fr. blanc, 
white, it may be a cognate of Germ. Su.G. 
blaess, Isl. bles, signum album in fronte 
equi ; whence E. blason, S. Baicsand, q. v. 
BLAND, s. Some honourable piece of dress 
worn by knights and men of rank. Mait- 
land Poems. — Blunda, according to Bul- 
let, is a robe adorned with purple, a robe 
worn by grandees. Su.G. blyant, bliant, 
a kind of precious garment among the 
ancients, which seems to have been of silk. 
To BLAND, r. a. To mix ; to blend. Dou- 
glas. — Su.G. Isl. bland-a, to mix. 
BLAND, s. An engagement. Rauf Coil- 
year. Probably an errat. for band. 
BLAND, s. A very agreeable acid bever- 
age used in the Shetland Islands, made 
of buttermilk. Brand. — Isl. blanda, cin- 

BLA 6 

nus, mixtura, pro potu, aqua mixto ; 
Su.G. bland, dicebatur mel aqua permix- 
BLANDED BEAR. Barley and common 
bear mixed, S. Statist. Ace. — From Su.G. 
bland-a is formed blansacd, meslin or 
mixed corn. 
To BLANDER, v. a. 1. To diffuse or dis- 
perse in a scanty and scattered way ; often 
applied to seed-corn. This is said to be 
blander'd, when very thinly sown, Fife. 
2. To babble ; to diffuse any report, such 
especially as tends to injure the character 
of another, S. 3. Sometimes used to de- 
note the want of regard to truth in narra- 
tion ; a thing very common with tattlers, 
S.B.— Perhaps from Isl. bland-a; Dan. 
bland-er, to mingle, as denoting the blend- 
ing of truth with falsehood. 
BLANDISH, ?. The grain left uncut by 
careless reapers, generally in the furrows 
during a hemp, Roxb. Perhaps q. " an 
interval." — Su.G. bland, ibland, inter, be- 
tween, from bland-a, miscere. 
BLANDISH, s. Flattery, Roxb. A. Scott's 
Poems. — O.Fr. blandice, blandys, caresse, 
flatterie ; Roquefort. 
BLANDIT, part. pa. Flattered ; soothed. 
Dunbar. — Fr. blandi, id. blander, to 
soothe ; Lat. blandiri. 
BLANDRIN, s. A scanty diffusion. " That 
ground has gotten a mere blandrin," it 
has been starved in sowing, Fife. 
BL ANE, s. A mark left by a wound ; also 

a blank. V. Blain. 
BLANKET,?. Meaning doubtful ; perhaps, 
colours. Spalding. V. Blue Blanket. 
BLARDIT, part. adj. Short-winded ; bro- 
ken-winded, Ettr. For. — A.S. blawere, 
conflator ; or from blaic-an, flare, and 
art, natura, an animal of a blowing nature. 
To BLARE, r. n. To cry ; also to bleat. 

V. Blair. 
BLARNEY, s. A cant term, applied both 
to marvellous narration and to flattery. — 
Fr. baliterne, " a lie, fib, gull ; also, a 
babbling, or idle discourse.'' Cotgr. 
To BLART, r. n. To blart doim ; to fall 

flat in the mud, Dumfr. 
To BLASH, v. a. To soak ; to drench. 
" To blash one's stomach," to drink too 
copiously of any weak and diluting liquor, 
S. Picken's Poems.— Perhaps radically 
the same with plash, from Germ, platz-en. 
V. Plash. 
BLASH, s. ' 1. A heavy fall of rain ; " a 
blash o' weet," S. 2. Too great a quantity 
of water, or of any weak liquid, poured 
into any dish or potion ; as, " She cuist a 
great blash of water into the pot," S. 
BLASHY, adj. 1. Deluging ; sweeping 
away by inundation, S. Ramsay. 2. Ap- 
plied to meat or drink that is thin, weak, 
flatulent, or viewed as debilitating to the 
stomach, S. Blashy, " thin, poor ; North- 

t BLA 

BL ASN IT, adj. Perhaps, bare, bald, with- 
out hair. Bannatync Poems. — Germ. 
bloss, bare, bloss-en, to make bare ; or 
rather, Teut. bles, calvus, whence blesse 
frons capillo nuda. 

To BLASON, v. a. To proclaim publicly 
by means of a herald. Bellenden. 

BL ASO WNE, s. 1 . Dress over the armour, 
on which the armorial bearings were bla- 
zoned. Wyntown. 2. The badge of of- 
fice worn by a king's messenger on his 
arm, S. Brskine. — Germ, blaesse, denotes 
a sign in general. Thence blazon, a term 
marking that sign, in heraldry, which is 
peculiar to each family. The origin 
seems to be Su.G. blaesse. V. Baw- 

To BLAST, v.n. 1. To pant ; to breathe 
hard, S.B. Boss. 2. To smoke tobacco, 
S.B.; r. a. To blast tobacco, to smoke to- 
bacco, S. 3. To blow with a wind instru- 
ment. Gaican and Gol. 4. To boast ; 
to speak in an ostentatious manner, S. 
Saxon and Gael. 5. To talk swelling 
words, or use strong language on any 
subject ; to blast awa, S. — Su.G. blaas-a, 
inspirare ; Germ, blas-en, flare ; Isl. blast- 
vr, halitus, flatus. Hence, 

BLAST, s. 1. A brag ; a vain boast, S. 
Z. Boyd. 2. A blast of one's pipe, the 
act of smoking from one's pipe. 

To BLAST, r. a. To blow up with gun- 
powder. Statist. Ace. 

BLASTER. One who is employed to blow 
up stones with gunpowder, S. Pennant. 

BLASTIN', s. A blowing up with gun- 
powder, S. 

BLASTER, s. A boaster ; also, one who 
speaks extravagantly in narration, S. 

BLASTIE, s. A shrivelled dwarf ; a term 
of contempt for an ill-tempered child, S. 
q. what is blasted. Burns. 

BLASTIE, Blasty, adj. Gusty. The Pro- 

BLASTING, s. The disease of cows called 
Cow-quake, q. v. Roxb. 

BLATANT, adj. Bellowing like a calf, S. 
— From A.S. blaet-an, balare ; blaetende, 

BLATE, adj. Bashful. Y. Blait. 

BLATENESS,*. Sheepishness, S. The 

BLATELY, adj. Applied to rain that is 
soft and gentle, not violent or Mashing, 
Roxb. — Allied, perhaps, to Su.G. bloet-a, 
to steep, to soak, bloet, moist. 

To BLATHER, r. n. To talk nonsensically. 

BLATHER, g. V. Blether. 

BLATHR1E, adj. Nonsensical ; foolish. 
M. Bruce's Lect. V. under Blether, r. 

BLATTER, s. 1. A rattling noise, S. Bam- 
say. 2. Language uttered with violence 
and rapidity, S. Antiquary. — Lat. bla- 
ter-are; Teut. blater-en, stulte loqui. 

BLAUCHT, adj. Pale ; livid. Palice of 
Hon.— A.S. blac, blaec; Su.G. blck, Isl. 


bleik-r, E. bleak, pallidus. A.S. blac-ian; 

Su.G. blek-na, to wax pale. 
To BLAUD, v. a. To maltreat, Aberd. V. 

Blad, r. 
BLAVER, Blavert, s. The corn-bottle, 

Roxb. Some give the same name to the 

violet. V. Blawort. 
BLAUGH, adj. Of a bluish or sickly 

colour, Roxb. Apparently the same with 

Blaucht, q. v. 
BLAVING, Blading, *. Blowing. Ga- 
wan and Gol. — A.S. Hawaii byman, buc- 

rina canere. 
BLAW, s. A blow; a stroke. Wallace. — 

Teut. blaeic-en, caedere. Blaw is used in 

this sense, Gl. Westmorl. 
To BLAW, r. Used both as a. and n. 1. 

To blow ; in a literal sense referring to 

the wind, S. Douglas. — A.S. blaw-an, 

flare. 2. To breathe, S. Abp. Hamil- 

toun. 3. To publish ; to make known, S. 

Buret. E. blow is used in the same sense. 

4. To brag; to boast, S. Blast, synon. Bar- 
bour. Douglas. — Germ, blaw, falsus, men- 
dax, dolosus ; Teut. Mas-en, flare et nimiis 
vanisque laudibus rem efferre, ac inani 
flatu infarcire. 5. To magnify in narra- 
tion, especially from a principle of osten- 
tation, S. 6. To flatter ; to coax. Baillie. 

5. Prov. " Ye first burn me, and then 
blaw me." 7. To Blaw in one's lug, to 
cajole or flatter a person, so as to be able 
to guide him at will, S. Nicol Burne. 
'To Blow in the ear, id. O.E. Su.G. blaas-a, 
to instil evil counsel ; Teut. oor-blaesen, 
not only signifies, in aurem mussare, sive 
mussitare, obgannire in aurem, but is ren- 
dered, blandiri. 8. To huff a man at 
draughts. I blaw, or blow you, I take this 
man, S. — Su.G. blaas-a, to blow, is used 
in this very sense. Blaasa bort en brlcka 
i damspel,Seren. 9. To Blawappin locks 
or bolts, and to loose fetters, by means of 
a magical power ascribed to the breath, S. 
Satan's Invisible World. 10. To blaw 
out on one, to reproach him ; also, for- 
mally to denounce one as a rebel by three 
blasts of the king's horn at the market- 
cross of the head borough of the shire in 
which the person resides ; au old foren- 
sic phrase. Wallace. 

BLAW, s. LA blast ; a gust, S. Rudd. 
Gawan and Gol. 2. The direction of the 
wind. Anent the blaw, opposite to the 
quarter from which the wind blows, 
Buchan. 3. The sound emitted by a 
wind instrument. Jacobite Relics. 4. A 
boast ; a bravado ; a gasconade, S. A. 
Scott. 5. Ostentation, as manifested by 
action. The Har'st Rig. 6. A falsehood ; 
a lie told from ostentation. He tells greit 
blaws, S.B. Ramsay. 

Blafum, .«. A pompous, empty person, 
Ayrs.; chiefly applied to males. V. Ble- 

BLAW, s. A pull ; a draught ; a cant 



term, used among topers, S. Ferguson. — 

Perhaps from Su.G. blaw-an, infiare ; as 

referring to the act of drawing iu liquids. 

BLAW, s. Blossom ; blow, Ayrs. Picken. 

To BLAW Loicn, v. n. To make no noise ; 

to avoid boasting, Ettr. For. Perils of 


To BLAW out, r. a. To publish ; to make 

generally known. Douglas. 
To BLAW Tobacco. To smoke tobacco ; 

used also simply as r. ». To Blaw, id. 
To BLAW one up, r. a. To fill one's mind 
with groundless hopes from unfounded 
representations, so as to gain credit for 
what is false ; as, " I blew him up sae, 
that he believed everything I said," S. 
BLAW-I'-MY-LUG,s. 1. Flattery; wheed- 
ling, Roxb. White-wind, synon. 2. A 
flatterer ; one who blows vanity in at the 
ear ; sometimes Blaw-my-lug. 
BLAW-STICK, s. A tube for blowing the 

fire instead of bellows, Ettr. For. 
BLAW-FLUM, s. A mere deception; ap- 
plied to anything by which one is mocked, 
S. Picken. V. Bleflum. 
BLAWING-GARSS, s. Blue mountain- 
grass, an herb, Melica Coerulea ; Linn. 
BLAWN COD. A split cod, half-dried, 
Ang. ; so denominated, perhaps, because 
exposed for some time to the wind. 
BLAWN DRINK, s. The remainder of 
drink in a glass of which one or more have 
been partaking, and which has been fre- 
quently blown upon by the action of the 
breath, S. Syn. Jairbles. 
BLAWORT, s. 1. The Blue bottle ; Cen- 
taurea cyanus, Linn., S. Witch-bells, also 
Witches' Thumbles, S.B. JYeill. 2. ThjJ 
Round-leaved Bell-flower, Lanarks.— 
From bla, livid, q. v. and wort, an herb. 
To BLAWP, v. n. To belch ; to heave up 
water, Ayrs. Perhaps q. blaw up, like 
Belg. op blaazen, to blow up. 
To BLAZE, r. a. To vilify ; to calumniate, 
Renfr. Tannahill. — Perhaps from the 
idea of blazing abroad; Su.G. blaes-a, flare. 
BLAZE, s. 1. The name given to allum 
ore, S. 2. Also to a substance which lies 
above coal, Stirlings. V. Blaes. 
BLE, Blie, s. Complexion; colour. Gawan 
and Gol. — This word is common in O.E. 
A.S. bleoh, blio, color. 
To BLEACH down, or along, v. n. To fall 
flat to the ground. Bleach is also used 
to denote a fall of this description, Loth. 
—Perhaps from Isl. blak-a, verberare, as 
denoting the effect of a violent blow. 
BLEACH, s. A blow, S.B. Gl. Shirr. 

Poems Buchan Dial. — Isl. blak, alapa. 
BLEACHER, .«. One whose trade is to 

whiten cloth, S. 
To BLEAD, v. a. Apparently, to train, or 
to lead on to the chase. Statist. Ace. — 
Alem. blait-en, beleit-en, comitari, condu- 



BLEAR, s. Something that obscures the 
sight. Ross. Bleaks, pi. The marks of 
weeping. Tarras. V. Bleieis. 
To BLEAR one's Ee. To blind by flattery. 
Blearing your e'e, blinding you with flat- 
tery ; Gl. Antiquary. The r. in O.E.was 
used metaph. as signifying to beguile. " I 
bleare one's eye," 1 beguile one. 
BLEARED, Blekr'd, part. pa. Thin, and 
of a bluish colour. Milk that is skim- 
med is denominated bleared, Roxb. Hogg. 
V. Bleirie. 
BLEATER, s. The cock snipe, so named 

from its bleating sound, Ettr. For. 
To BLEB, v. n. ' To sip ; to tipple. Re 's 

aye blebbing, he is still tippling, S.B. 

BLEBBER, s. A tippler, S.B. 

To BLEB, r. a. To spot ; to beslubber ; a 

term often applied to children when they 

cover their clothes with food of a liquid 

or soft description. V. Bleib and Blob. 

BLEBBIT, part. pa. Blurred ; besmeared. 

V. Blobbit. 
To BLECK, r. a. 1. To puzzle ; to reduce 
to a nonplus, in an examination or dispu- 
tation, S. 2. To baffle at a feat of acti- 
vity, dexterity, or strength, Aberd.— 
Germ, black-en, placJc-en, vexare, exagi- 
BLECK, s. 1. A challenge to a feat of acti- 
vity, dexterity, or strength. 2. A baffle 
at such feat. 3. Used as a school term : 
" If A be below B in the class, and dur- 
ing B's absence, get farther up in the 
class than B, B is said to have a Meek 
upon A, and takes place of him when he 
gets next to him, Aberd. — A.S. blic-an, 
stupefacere, perstringere, to amaze," Som- 
To BLECK, r. a. To surpass ; to excel ; 
as, That blecks a', that exceeds everything, 
Ettr. For.— Perhaps from Su.G. blek, pale ; 
or Isl. blygd-az, to put to the blush, to 
suffuse with blushes. 
To BLECK, Blek, r. a. 1. To blacken, 
literally, S. Polwart. 2. To injure one's 
character. Bannatyne Puems. 3. To 
cause moral pollution. Abp. Ham'dtoun. 
— A.S. blaec-an, denigrare ; Isl. blek, li- 
quor tinctorius. 
BLED, part. pa. Perhaps, sprung. Gawan 

and Gol. 
BLEDDOCH, s. Butter-milk, Roxb. V. 


BLEED, 8. Blood, Mearns. Aberd. Boss. 

* To BLEED, r. n. To yield ; applied to 

the productiveness of grain or pulse, when 

thrashed ; as, " The aits dinna bleed weel 

the year, but the beer bleeds weel," S. 

BLEEDER, s. Applied as above to grain ; 

as, " a gude bleeder," " an ill bleeder," S.O. 

BLEER'D, part. adj. Thin. V. Bleared. 

BLEEV1T, Blevit* ?. A blow, Buchau.— 

Moes.G. bligg-wan, caedere ; or perhaps 

corr, of Su.G. blodvite, vibex, vel ictus 

sangnineolentus ; as originally referring 


to a stroke which has left marks of 
To BLEEZE, v. n. 1. To become a little 
sour. Milk is said to bleeze, or to be 
bleezed, when it is turned, but not con- 
gealed, S. ; blink, synon.— From Germ. 
blaes-cn, to blow ; or, blitz-en, fulgurare ; 
heat, especially when accompanied by 
lightning, more generally producing this 
effect. 2. The part, bleezed, signifies the 
state of one on whom intoxicating liquor 
begins to operate, S. It especially denotes 
the change produced in the expression of 
the countenance ; as, He looked bleezed- 
like. Perhaps bleezed in sense 2. is allied 
to Fr. blas-er, gater, alte'rer. II a tant bu 
d'eau-de-vie [aquavitae] qu'il s'est blase. 
Diet. Trev. 
To BLEEZE, r. n. 1. To blaze. 2. To 
make a great show, or an ostentatious 
outcry, on any subject, S. Synon. Blast. 
Bob Boy. 
BLEEZE, s. A lively fire made by means 
of furze, straw, &c, S. Boss. V. Bleis. 
To BLEEZE, r. a. To bleeze away, to 
make to fly off in flame suddenly, S. 
PI tiff a ica y, synon. Old Mortality. 
BLEEZE, s. Bleeze of wind, a sudden 
blast, applied only to a dry wind, Fife. 
Teut. blaes, flatus. 
To BLEEZE awa\ or away, r. n. To gas- 
conade ; to brag ; to talk ostentatiously, 
S. To Flaw away, synon. S.A. The 
Pirate. Alem. blas-an ; Su.G. blaes-a ; 
Teut. hlaes-en, flare, spirare. 
BLEEZE-MONEY, Bleyis-Sylver,?. The 
gratuity given to schoolmasters by their 
pupils at Candlemas; when he or she 
who gives most is proclaimed king or 
queen, and is considered as under obli- 
gation to invite the whole school, that is, 
all the subjects for the time-being. From 
S. bleis, bleise, a torch, bonefire, or any- 
thing that makes a blaze ; apparently be- 
cause contributed at Candlemas, a season 
when fires and lights were anciently 
BLEEZY, Bleezie, s. A small flame or 

blaze. Siller Gun. 
BLEEZE, s. A smart stroke with the fist, 

Roxb. — Fr. blesser, to hurt or wound. 
BLEEZ'D, adj. Ruffled, or made rough ; 

fretted.— Fr. blesser. 
BLEFFERT, Bliffert, s. LA sudden 
and violent fall of snow, but not of long 
continuance, Mearns. 2. A squall; gene- 
rally conveying the idea of wind and rain ; 
a storm, a hurricane, Mearns. Aberd. 3. 
Metaph. transferred to the attack of ca- 
lamity. Tarras's Poems. — A.S. blaetc-an, 
to blow, seems the radical term. Per- 
haps inverted from A.S. forth-blaw-an, to 
belch, or break out. Somner. 
BLEFLUM, Blephum, s. A sham ; an il- 
lusion ; what has no reality in it, S. 
Rwtherford. — I&\.flim, irrisio, carmen fa- 




mosum. Hence flimt-a, diftarao, find, 
nugae infanies, G. Andr. p. 74 ; Su.G. 
fiimm-a, illudere. Or, perhaps, from S. 
Blaze and Fleume, q. to blow phlegm, to 
raise air-bubbles. V. Blaflitm, r. 
BLEFLUMMERY, .«. Vain imaginations, S. 
BLEHAXD, Blihand, adj. Sir Trist.— 
a Blue, from bleak, Sax. caeruleus. Ble- 
hand brown. A bluish brown," Gl. The 
word is merely A.S. bla-hetren a little 
transformed. The idea seems, " a brownish 
colour, inclining to purple or violet." 
BLEIB, s. 1. A pustule ; a blister. "A 
burnt bleib" a blister caused bv burning, 
S. Bleb, a blister, A.Bor. Gl. Grose. 2. 
Bleibs, pi. An eruption to which chil- 
dren are subject, in which the spots ap- 
pear larger than in the measles, Loth. 
Border. V. Blob. 
BLEYIS-SYLVER. V. Bleeze-money. 
To BLEIR, r. a. To asperse ; to calum- 
niate. To bleir one's character, Fife. 
Probably a metaph. sense of the E. r. 
blear, q. to defile the character, as when 
the eyes or face are bleared, or fouled 
with rheum, or by weeping. Isl. blora, 
however, signifies invidia, imputatio de- 
licti. V. Bleiris. 
BLEIRIE, s. A lie ; a fabrication, Ayrs. 
q. something meant to blear, or blind the 
BLEIRIE, adj. A term applied to weak 
liquor, which has little or no strength ; as, 
bleirie. ale, Fife. 
BLEIRIE, Blearie, s. 1. Oatmeal and 
buttermilk boiled to a consistence some- 
what thicker than gruel, with a piece of 
butter put into the mess, Lanarks. ; syn. 
Lewands. 2. Also a name given to water- 
gruel, Roxb. Probably allied to Isl. 
bluer, aura, as originally applied to liquids 
so affected by the air as to lose their na- 
tural taste. V. Bleeze, v. 
BLEIRING, part pa. Bleiring Bats. Pol- 
wart. — This seems to be the boits, a dis- 
ease in horses. Bleiring may express the 
effect of pain in making the patient to cry 
out. — Teut. blaer-en, boare, mugire. 
BLEIRIS, 8. pi. Something that prevents 
distinctness of vision. Philotus. — This is 
the same with blear, s. only used in the 
pi. Hire mentions E. blear-eyed, as al- 
lied to Su.G. blir-a, plir-a, oculis semi- 
clausis videre. 
BLEIS, Bles, Bless, Bleise, s. 1 . Blaze ; 
bright flame, S.B. Barbour. 2. A torch, 
S. Douglas. — A.S. blaese, fax, taeda, a 
torch, anything that makes a blaze, Su.G. 
bloss, id. Somn. 3. A signal made by fire, 
S. It is still used in this sense at some 
ferries where it is customary to kindle a 
bleise when a boat is wanted from the op- 
posite side. 
BLEIS, .«. The name given to a river-fish. 
Sibba/d. — This seems to be what in E. is 
called Bleak, Cyprinus alburnus, Linn. 

BLEKE, .*. Stain or imperfection. Keith. 
Perhaps the same with E. black, s. as de- 
noting any spot of black ; or from A.S. 
blaec ; Isl. blek, liquor tinctorius. 

BLEKKIT. Legend Bp. St. Androis, p. 
307, expl. in Gl. " blacked," but it seems 
to signify deceived. — Isl. blek-ia, id. fal- 
lere, decipere. 

BLELLUM,?. An idle, talking fellow, Ayrs. 

To BLEME, r. n. To bloom ; to blossom. 
Bannatyne Poems. 

BLEMIS, s. pi. Blossoms ; flowers. Hon- 
late. — Belg. bloem ; Isl. bloma ; Alem. 
bluom, flos, flosculus ; Teut. bloem-en, flo- 

BLENCH CANE. Cam or duty paid to 
a superior, whether in money or in kind, 
in lieu of all other rent ; apparently equi- 
valent to E. Quitreut. Acts Ja. VI. V. 

BLENCHED MILK. Skimmed milk a 
little soured, Aberd. V. Blink, r. in the 
same sense. 

BLENCH-LIPPED, part. adj. White- 
mouthed. — Fr. blanc, blanche, white. 

BLENDIT BEAR. Bear or big mixed 
with barley, S. Agr. Surv. Peeb. 

To BLENK, Blink, v. n. 1. To open the 
eyes, as one does from a slumber, S. Bar- 
bour. 2. To take a glance or hasty view; 
with the prep, in added, as signifying 
into ; as, " Blenk in this mirrour, man, 
and mend." 3. To throw a glance on one, 
especially as expressive of regard, S. 
Boss. 4. To look with a favourable eye ; 
used metaph. in allusion to the shining of 
the sun, after it has been covered with a 
cloud. Baillie. — He]g.blenck-en,blinck-en; 
Su.G. blaenk-a, to shine, to glance, to flash 
as lightning. V. Blink, r. 

BLENK, Blink, s. 1 . A beam ; a ray. 
Douglas. 2. " A glimpse of light," S. 
Sir J. Sinclair's Observ. p. 113. Minst. 
Bord. 3. Hence transferred to the tran- 
sient influence of the rays of the sun, es- 
pecially in a cold or cloudy day. Thus it 
is common to speak of " a warm blink," 
"a clear blink," S. Sir J. Sinclair. 4. 
Applied to the momentary use of bor- 
rowed light ; as, " Gie me the blink o' a 
candle," give me the use of a candle for a 
moment, S. 5. A wink, the act of wink- 
ing ; at times denoting contempt or deri- 
sion. Antiquary. Sw. blinka ; Belg. 
blikk-en, to wink. 6. A gleam of pros- 
perity, during adversity. Godscroft. 7. 
Also transferred to a glance, a stroke of 
the eye, or transient view of any object ; 
the idea being borrowed, either from the 
quick transmission of the rays of light, or 
from the short-lived influence of the sun 
when the sky is much obscured witli 
clouds, S. Douglas. 8. A kindly glance ; 
a transient glance expressive of regard, S. 
Burns. 9. The consolations of the Spirit, 




accompanying the dispensation of the gos- 
pel. Walker's Remark. Passages. 10. 
A moment. " I'll not stay a blink,'" I will 
return immediately. In a blink, in a mo- 
ment, S. Ramsay. 11. Improperly, a 
ittle way, a short distance ; as, " A blink 
beyond Balweary," &c. Jacobite Relics. 
— Su.G. blink, oegonblink, is a glance, a 
cast of the eye, oculi nictus ; Germ, blick, 
Belg. blik, oogenblik, id.; the twinkling of 
the eye, a moment. 

BLENSHAW, s. A drink composed of 
meal, milk, water, &c, Strathmore. Fr. 
blanche eau, q. whitish water. 

To BLENT up, v. n. The sun is said to 
blent up, that is, to shine after the sky 
has been overcast, Loth. 

To BLENT Fire, v. a. To flash, Fife. 
These are both formed from Blent, the 
old pret. of the r. to Blink. 

BLENT, pret. Glanced, expressing the quick 
motion of the eye. Gaican and Gol. — 
Perhaps allied to Su.G. bliga, blia, inten- 
tis oculis aspicere, q. bligcnt. 

BLENT, s. A glance. Douglas. 

BLENT, pret. Lost, as applied to sight. 
King's Quair. — Perhaps from A.S. blent, 
the part, of A.S. blend-ian, caecare, used 
in a neuter sense ; or from A.S. blinn-an, 
cessare, whence blind, deficiens. 

BLENTER, s. LA boisterous, intermit- 
ting wind. A. Douglas's Poems. 2. A 
flat stroke, Fife. — A.S. blawend, bleowend, 
the part. pr. of blaw-an, bleow-an, flare, 
to blow ; blaicung, flatus. 

BLET, s. A piece or Blad ; perhaps errat. 
for a belt. In centuries. 

To BLETHER, Blather, v. n. 1. To speak 
indistinctly ; to stammer, S. ; pron. like 
fair. 2. To talk nonsense. 3. To prattle, 
S. — Su.G. bladdr-a; Germ, pi 'a uder-n, to 
prattle, to chatter, to jabber ; Teut. bla- 
ter-en, stulte loqui ; Lat. blater-are, to 
babble ; Sw. pladr-a, id. 

BLETHER, Blather, s. Nonsense ; foolish 
talk, S.; often used in pi. Burns. Ha- 

To BLETHER, Blather, Bladder, r. a. 
To talk nonsensically, S. Ramsay. 

BLETHERAND, pret. Fordun.— Allied, 
perhaps, to Teut. blater-en, blaeter-en, pro- 
flare fastum, gloriari. 

BLETHERER,s. A babbler, S. Gl. Herd. 

BLETHERING, s. 1. Nonsense; foolish 
language. 2. Stammering, S. " Stam- 
mering is called blethering,'" Gl. Herd. 

BLEW. To look blew, to seem disconcerted. 
It conveys both the idea of astonishment 
and of gloominess, S. Peblis to the Play. 
— Blew, S. is often synon. with blue, livid. 

To BLEZZIN, v. a. To publish ; to pro- 
pagate, Ayrs. ; the same as E. blazon. 

To BLYAUVE, v. n. To blow, Buchan. 

BLIBE, s. The mark of a stroke. Tay- 
tor's S. Poems. V. Blob, Blab, sense 2, 
also Blyte. 

BLICHAM, (gutt.)s. A contemptuous de- 
signation for a person, Perths. 

BLICHEN, Blighan, (gutt.) s. LA term 
often applied to a person of djminutive 
size; as, " He's a puir blichan," Loth. 2. 
Applied also to a lean, worn-out animal ; 
as, "That's an auld blichan o' a beast," 
a sorry horse, one nearly unfit for work 
of any kind, Dumfr. 3. A spark; a lively 
showy youth, Loth. 4. A harum-scarum 
fellow ; synon. Rattleskull, Lanarks. 5. 
A worthless person, Dumfr. Perhaps de- 
rived from E. To Blight, which is probably 
from A.S. blic-an, fulgere, as denoting the 
effect of lightning in blasting vegetable 
substances. — C.B. bychan, signifies puny, 
diminutive ; Teut. blick, is umbra, &c. 

BLICHER, e. A spare portion, Ettr. For. 

BLICHT, adj. An epithet expressive of 
the coruscation of armour in the time of 
action. Houlate. — A.S. 6?*c-«»,coruscare; 
Meet, coruscatus ; Alem. blechct; Germ. 
blicket, splendet. 

BLYDE, Blyid, adj. The pronunciation 
of blithe, cheerful, in Fife and Angus. — 
Sn.G. blid; m.blid-nr; Alem. blid '; Belg. 
bh/de, hilaris. The E. word retains the 
A.S. form. 

BLIERS, s. pi. 
also Briers. 



well's Sel. Trans. 

To BLIN, Blyn, Blyne, v. n. To cease ; 
to desist, S.; also blind. Wallace. — A.S. 
blinn-an, cessare, contr. from bilinn-an, 
id. In Isl. and Su.G. it occurs in its 
simple form, linn-a, also, lind-a, id. 

To BLIN, v. a. To cause to cease. Chron. 
S. Poet. 

BLIND-BELL, s. A game formerly com- 
mon in Berwicks. in which all the players 
were hoodwinked, except the person who 
was called the Bell. He carried a bell, 
which he rung, still endeavouring to keep 
out of the way of his hoodwinked part- 
ners in the game. When he was taken, 
the person who seized him was released 
from the bandage, and got possession of 
the bell ; the bandage being transferred 
to him who was laid hold of. 

BLIND BITCH. A bag formerly used by 
millers, Ettr. For. The same with Black 
Bitch, q. v. Hogg. 

BLIND BROSE. "Brose without butter; 
said to be so denominated from there 
being none of those small orifices in it 
that are called eyes, and which appear on 
the surface of brose which has butter in 
its composition, Roxb. 

BLIND-COAL, s. A species of coal pro- 
ducing no flame, Lanarks. Agr. Surr. 
Ayrs. In different languages, the term 
blind denotes the want of a property 
which an object seems to posses ; as, 

The eye-lashes, Aberd. 
A squall, &c. V. Blef- 
To blight. Max- 


Germ, blinde fenster, Su.G. blind [foenster, 
E. a blind window, Su.G. blinddoer, a 
blind door, &c. Bald's Coal Trade. 
BLIND HARIE. Blindrnan's-buff, S. 
Herd. Belly-Wind synon. — In the Scan- 
dinavian Julbock, from which this sport 
seems to have originated, the principal 
actor was disguised in the skin of a buck 
or goat. The name Blind Harie might 
therefore arise from his rough attire ; as 
he was called blind, in consequence of 
being blindfolded. Or it may signify, 
Blind Master, or Lord, in ironical lan- 
guage. V. Herie. 
BLIND MAN'S BALL, or Devil's Snuff- 
box. Common puff-ball, S. V. Flor. Suec. 
Lightfoot. — It is also called Blind man's 
een, i. e. eyes, S.B. An idea, according 
to Linn., prevails throughout the whole of 
Sweden, that the dust of this plant causes 
BLIND-MAN'S-BELLOWS, s. The puff- 
ball, or Devil's Snuff-box, Roxb. 
of the names given to Blindman's-buff, 
BLIND TAM. A bundle of rags made up 
by female mendicants to pass for a child, 
and excite compassion, Aberd. Synon. 
Dumb Tarn. 
BLYNDIT, pret. Blended. Gawan and 

the eyes closed, hoodwinked. It denotes 
the state of one who does anything as if 
he were blind, S. Douglas. — Germ. Dan. 
blindlings, id. V. Lingis. 
BLINDS,' s. pi. The Pogge, or Miller's 
Thumb, a fish, Cottus Cataphractus, Linn. 
West of S. Statist. Ace. — Perhaps it re- 
ceives this name because its eyes are very 
To BLINK, r. n. To glance, &c. V. 

To BLINK, v. n. 1. To become a little sour; 
a term used with respect to milk or beer, 
S. Bleeze, synon. Chr.KirJc. 2. Metaph. 
applied to what is viewed as the effect of 
Papal influence. Walker's Remark. Pas- 
sages. 3. To be blinkit, to be half-drunk, 
Fife. 4. To be blinkit, to be bewitched. 
Su.G. blaenk-a ; Germ, blink-en, corus- 
care,to shine, to flash, to lighten; q. struck 
with lightning, which, we know, has the 
effect of making liquids sour ; or as de- 
noting that of sunshine, or of the heat of 
the weather. 
To BLINK, r. a. 1. To blink a lass, to 
play the male jilt with her, Fife. Glink 
synon, Border. 2. To trick ; to deceive ; 
to nick, Aberd. Tarras's Poems. 
BLINK, s. To gie the. blink; to give the 

slip, Aberd. Tarras. 
BLINKER, s. A lively, engaging girl, 
Roxb. In Gl. to Burn? it is said to be a 
term of contempt. 


BLINKER, s. A person who is blind 
of one eye, S. Blinkert, id. Lancash. 
BLINNYNG, part. pr. Leg. Blumyng. 

Maitland Poems. 
To BLINT, v. n. To shed a feeble, glim- 
mering light, Aberd. 
BLINTER, s. Bright shining, Aberd. 

To BLINTER, r. n. To rush ; to make 

haste, Aberd. V. Blenter. 
To BLINTER, v. n. 1. To shine feebly, or 
with an unsteady flame, like a candle 
going out, Moray, Aberd. 2. To bring 
the eyelids close to the pupil of the eye, 
from a defect of vision, ibid. 3. To see 
obscurely ; to blink, ibid. Perhaps from 
Blent, glanced, or from Dan. blund-er, to 
twinkle, to wink at. 

BLYPE, s. A coat ; a shred ; applied to 
the skin, which is said to come off mi blypes, 
when it peels in coats, or is rubbed off, in 
shreds, S. Burns. — Perhaps radically 
the same with Flype, q. v. or a different 
pron. of Bleib. 

BLYPE, s. A stroke or blow. St. Patrick. 

To BLIRT, v. n. 1. To make a noise in 
weeping; to cry. It is generally joined 
with Greet. To blirt and greet, i. e. to 
burst out a-crying, S. Kelly. 2. It is 
also used actively to express the visible 
effects of violent weeping, in the appear- 
ance of the eyes and face ; as, " She 's a' 
blirted wi' greeting," Fife. — Germ, blaerr- 
en, plarr-en, mugire, rugire. Perhaps E. 
blurt is also radically allied. 

BLIRT, s. The action expressed by the v. 
" A blirt of greeting," a violent burst of 
tears, accompanied with crying, S.B. 

BLIRT, s. 1 . A gust of wind, accompanied 
with rain ; a smart, cold shower, with 
wind, Loth. 2. An intermittent drizzle, 

BLIRTIE, adj. 1. As applied to the wea- 
ther, inconstant. A blirtie day, one that 
has occasionally severe blasts of wind and 
rain, Loth. West of S. 2. The idea is 
transferred to poverty; " Cheerless, blirtie, 
cauld, and blae." Tannahill. — Isl. blaer, 
aura, a blast of wind. E. blurt, seems to 
be originally the same. 

BLYTE, s. A blast of bad weather; a 
flying shower, Loth. Synon. Blout. 

To BLYTER, <o. a. To besmear, Aberd. 
Part pa. blytcr't. Tarras. V. Bludder, 

To BLITHE, Blytiie, r. a. To make glad. 
Wallace. — A.S. bliths-ian, laetari ; Alem. 
Mid-en, gaudere. But perhaps our y. is 
immediately formed from the adj. 

BLITHEMEAT, s. The meat distributed 
among those who are present at the birth 
of a child, or among the rest of the family, 
S. pronounced blyidmeat, Ang. as the adj. 
itself, blyd, blyid. I need not say, that 
this word has its origin from the happi- 



ness occasioned by a safe deliver}'. Tay- 
lor's S. Poems. 

To BLITHEN, r. a. To make glad, Ayra. 
B. Gilhalze. V. Blithe. 

BLITTER-BLATTER. A rattling, irre- 
gular noise, Dnmfr. Siller Gun, 

BLYVARE. Perhaps for Bhjther, more 
cheerful. Houlate. A literary friend sug- 
gests that this is meant for believer. 

BLYWEST, adj, in the superl. Houlate.— 
" Blythest, most merry," Gl. Perhaps 
it rather refers to colour ; q. the palest. 

To BLIZZEN, v. a. Drought is said to be 
blizzening, when the wind parches and 
withers the fruits of the earth, S.B — 
Su.G. blas-a ; Germ, blas-en ; A.S. blaes- 
an, to blow. 

BLOB, Blab, s. Anything tumid or cir- 
cular, S. 1. A small globe or bubble of 
any liquid. BeUenden. 2. A blister, or 
that rising of the skin which is the effect 
of a blister or of a stroke, S. GL Com- 
playnt. 3. A large gooseberry ; so called 
from its globular form, or from the soft- 
ness of its skin, S. 4. A blot, a spot ; as 
"a blab of ink," S. denominated perhaps 
from its circular form. Radically the 
same word with Blrib, q. v. 

BLOBBIT, part, pa, Blotted, blurred. 
V. Blob. Acts Ja. I. 

To BLOCHER, (gutt.) r. n. To make a 
gurgling noise in coughing, from catarrh 
in the throat, Ang. Berths. It is often 
conjoined with another term ; as, Cough- 
erin' and Blocherin'. Bolch and Croiclile 
denote a dry, hard cough. Perhaps from 
Gael, bloiqhar, a blast. 

To BLOCK, r. a. 1. To plan; to devise. 
Baillie, 2. To bargain. 3. To exchange ; 
as, " to block a shilling," to exchange it 
by accepting copper money in lieu of it. 
— Teut. block-en, assiduum esse in studiis, 
in opere, in ergastulo ; a sense evidently 
borrowed from a workman who blocks out 
his work roughly, before he begin to give 
it a proper form. 

BLOCKE, s. A scheme, &e. V. Bloik. 

BLOCKER, s. A term formerly used in S. 
to denote a broker ; q. one who plans 
and accomplishes a bargain. Minsheu. 

BLOCKIN-ALE, s. The drink taken at 
the conclusion of a bargain, Buchan. 

BLOICHUM, s. A term usually applied 
to one who has got a cough, Ayrs. Evi- 
dently allied to Blocher, r. q. v. 

BLOIK, Blok, Block, s. 1. A scheme, a 
contrivance ; generally used in a bad 
sense. Douglas. 2. A bargain, an agree- 
ment. Acts Ja. VI. 

BLOISENT,part.|x<. One is said to have 
a bloisent face, when it is red, swollen, or 
disfigured, whether by intemperance, or 
by being exposed to the weather ; Ang. 
—This appears to be radically the same 
with E. blowze ; " sun-burnt, high-co- 
loured ;" Johns.— Teut. Host, rubor, pur- 

purissum, redness, the colour of purple ; 
blos-en, rubescere ; blosende wanghen, ru- 
bentes genae, purpled cheeks. 

To BLOME, Blume, r. n. To shine, to 
gleam. Barbour. — Su.G. blomm-a, to 
flourish ; E. bloom, used metaph. ; or 
perhaps from A.S. be, a common prefix, 
and leom-an to shine, as gleam is from 
geleom-an, id. 

BLONCAT, s. Bloncatt, Blunket, adj. 
Meaning uncertain. Perhaps like Blun- 
ket, pale-blue, or printed. 

BLONK, Blouk, s. A steed, a horse, 
Gau-an and Gol.—Alem. planchaz, equus 
pallidus, hodie blank; Schilter. Thus 
blonk may have originally meant merely 
a white horse, q. Fr. blanc cheval. 

BLONKS, King Hart.—li this does 
not denote horses, as above, it may mean 
blocks of wood. 

BLOOD-FRIEND, s. A relation by blood. 
Spalding. — Teut. Uoed-rriend, cogna- 
tus, cousanguineus ; Kilian. Germ, blut- 
freund, a relation, a kinsman. V. Fre.nd, 

BLOODGRASS, 8. A disease of kine, 
bloody urine ; said to be brought on 
when changed from one kind of pasture 
to another. In the Highlands they pre- 
tend to cure it by putting a live trout 
clown the animal's throat. Agr. Sure. 

BLOOM, ?. The efflorescent crystallization 
on the outside of thoroughly dried fishes, 
Shetl. Isl. blocmi, flos. 

BLOOM-FELL, s. Apparently yellow clo- 
ver. Hiqhl.Soc, Trans. V. Fell-bloom. 

BLOOMS,' g. pi. The name given, at Car- 
ron Iron-works, to malleable iron after 
having received two beatings, with an 
intermediate scouring. 

To BLORT, r. n. To snort; applied to a 
horse, Fife. 

BLOSS, s. A term applied to a buxom 
young woman, West of S. Apparently 
from the same root with E. blouze, a 
ruddy, fat-faced wench. Fr. bloss, mel- 
low, ripe. 

To BLOT, r. a. To puzzle ; to nonplus. 
Buff's Poems. Perhaps allied to Su.G. 
bloed, blate, bashful ; or to blott, bare, as 
denoting that one's mental nakedness is 
made to appear. Teut. blutten, homo 
stolidus, obtuens. 

BLOUST, 5. 1. An ostentatious account 
of one's own actions, a brag, Roxb. Ber- 
wicks. Synon. Blaic. A. Scott's Poems. 
2. Often applied to an ostentatious per- 
son, ibid. 

To BLOUST, r. ». To brag; to boast. 
Synon. Blaic. Apparently from Su.G. 
bit last, (pron.i<W,)ventus,tempestas, from 
blaas-a, (pron. blos-a,) Isl. blaes-a, flare, 

BLOUT, adj. Bare, naked. Douglas.— 
Sa.G.Isl.blott: Belg.blootAd. Thetanto- 

BLO \ 

logical phrase b/ott och bar isnsed in Sw. 
V. Blait. 

BLOUT, s. 1. The sudden breaking of a 
storm, S. Bloutenin, Clydesd. 2. "A 
blout of foul weather," a sudden fall of 
rain, snow, or hail, accompanied with 
wind, S. The Ha'rst Rig. 3. A sudden 
eruption of a liquid substance, accom- 
panied with noise, S. — Probably allied to 
Su.G. bloet, humidus ; bloeta waegar, viae 

BLOUTER, s. A blast of wind, Buchan. 

BLOWEN MEAT. Fish or flesh dried by 
the wind passing through dry-stone houses, 
Shetl. Isl.Wrtc7s;'«M,exhalatus, exsiccatus 
is synon.; from blaes-a, to blow. V.Skeo. 

BLOWY, adj. Blowing ; gusty, Loth. 

BLUBBER," Blubbir, s. A bubble of air, 
S. Henrysone. V. Blob. 

BLUBBIT, part. pa. Blubbered. From 
S. Blob, a small globule of anything 
liquid, hence transferred to tears. 

BLUDCAiy^j. Meaning doubtful. Aberd. 

To BLUDDER, Bluteier, p. a. 1. To blot 
paper in writing, to disfigure any writ- 
ing, S. — Su.G. pluttra, incuriose scribere; 
Moes.G. blothjan, irritum reddere. 2. To 
disfigure the face with weeping, or in any 
other way, S. Ross. Cleland. 3. To 
disfigure, in a moral sense ; to exhibit in 
an unfair point of view. 

To BLUDDER, Bluthkr, v. n. To make 
a noise with the mouth or throat in tak- 
ing any liquid, S. Sluther, synon. 

BLUDIE-BELLS, s. pi. Foxglove ; Digi- 
talis purpurea, an herb, Lanarks. Syn. 
Dead-men's Bells. 

BLUE, adj. 1. A blue day, a very chill, 
or frosty day, Roxb. Perhaps synon. 
with " a blue day," in other parts of S. 
2. A blue day, a day in which any uproar 
or disturbance has taken place, ibid. 3. 
To look blue. V. Blew. 

BLUE-BANNET, s. The Blue Titmouse, 
Parus caeruleus, Linn. ; Clydes. 

BLUE-BLANKET. The name given to 
the banner of the craftsmen in Edinburgh. 
" As a perpetual remembrance of the loy- 
alty and bravery of the Edinburghers on 
the aforesaid occasion, the King [Ja. III.] 
granted them a banner or standard, with 
a power to display the same in defence of 
their King, country, and their own rights. 
This flag, at present denominated The 
Blue Blanket, is kept by the Conveener 
of the Trades." Haiti. Hist. Edin. 

BLUE BLAUERS, Blue Blavers. The 
plant called the Bell-flower, or wild Blue 
Campanula, or Rotundifolia, Roxb. The 
Blue Bells of Scotland, as in old song. 
V. Blawort. 

BLUE BONNETS. The flower of Sca- 
biosa succisa, Linn. It is also called 
Devil's Bit, E., the end of the root being, 
as it were, bitten off. This corresponds 


with Svv. diefwuls-bett, Seren. This seems 
the same with Blue-Bannets, Lanarks. 
Expl. Sheeps-6it. — In Gothland in Sweden, 
this plant has a fanciful name somewhat 
similar, Baetsmansmyssa, the boatman's 
cap or mutch. 

BLUEFLY, s. The flesh-fly or Bluebottle, S. 

BLUE-GOWN, s. The name commonly 
given to a pensioner, who, annually, on 
the King's birth-day, receives a certain 
sum of money, and a blue gown or cloak, 
which he wears with a badge on it, S. V. 

BLUE-GRASS, Blue-gerse, s. The name 
given to the various sedge-grasses, or 
Varices, West of S. 

BLUE SEGGIN, s. The blue flower-de- 
luce, Ayrs. V. Seg, Segg, s. 

BLUE-SPALD, s. A disease of cattle; 
supposed to be the same with Blackspaul. 
Saxon and Gael. 

BLUFF, s. To get the bluff; to be taken 
in ; to be cheated, Buchan. Tarras. 

To BLUFFERT, v. n. To bluster, as the 
wind, Aberd. Bluffertin, part. pr. 
Blustering ; gusty. V. Bleffert. 

BLUFFERT, s. 1. The blast sustained in 
encountering a rough wind, Aberd. 2. A 
blow ; a stroke, Ang. Mearns. Bluff'et 
is the term used in this sense, Buchan ; 
which mav be allied to Bleerit. 

BLUFFLEHEADED, adj. Having a large 
head, accompanied with the appearance 
of dulness of intellect, S. ; perhaps from 
E. bluff. 

BLUID, Blude, s. Blood, S. Rob Roy. 

BLUID-RUN, adj. Bloodshot, S. Bleed- 
run, Aberd. 

BLUIDY-FINGERS, s. The name given 
to the Foxglove, Galloway. Davidson's 
Seasons. — As this plant has received the 
designation of Digitalis from its resem- 
blance to the fingers of a glove, the name 
bloody-fingers would almost seem a literal 
version of Digitalis purpurea. In Germ, 
it is called jingerhut, q. the covering of 
the finger ; Sw. fim/erhattsgraess. 

BLUIDVEIT, Bl'uidwyte, s. A fine paid 
for effusion of blood. Skene. Reg. Maj. — 
A.S. blodwite, pro effuso sanguine mulcta; 
from Mod, sanguis, and wite, poena, 

BLUITER, Blutter, s. A coarse, clumsy, 
blundering fellow, Loth. 

To BLUITER, v. v. 1. To make a rum- 
bling noise ; to blurt, S. 2. To bluiter up 
with water, to dilute too much, S. 3. To 
blatter, to pour forth lame, harsh, and un- 
musical rhymes. Polwart.— Germ, plau- 
dern, nugari et mentiri, plauderei, mixta 
nugis mendacia. In sense 2. it seems 
to be merely a dimin. from Blout, q. v. 

BLUITER, Blutter, s. 1. A rumbling 
noise ; as that sometimes made by the in- 
testines, S. 2. Apparently used to denote 
filth in a liquid state. Cleland. 




To BLUITER, v. a. To obliterate ; ap- 
plied not only to writings, but to any 
piece of work that is rendered useless in 
the making of it ; S.B. pron. Bleeter. V. 

BLUMDAMMESS, g. Prunes; apparently 
corr. of Plumbedames, q. v. 

To BLUME, c.n. To blossom, S. bloom,E. 

BLUNYIERD, g. An old gun, or any old 
rusty weapon, Ettr. For. 

To BLUNK, r. a. To spoil a thing, to mis- 
manage any business, S. Hence, 

BLUNKIT, Blinkit, "Injured 
by mismanagement, or by some mis- 
chievous contrivance." Gl. Sibb. 

BLUNK, s. " A dull, lifeless person," 
Gl. Tarras. Aberd. Perhaps from Isl. 
blunda, dormio, a sleepy-headed fellow. 

BLUNKS, s. pi. Cotton or linen cloths 
which are wrought for being printed ; 
calicoes, S. 

BLUNKER, .«. One who prints cloth, S. 
Guy Mannering. 

BLUNKET, g. Expl. " Pale blue ; per- 
haps any faint or faded colour ; q. 
blanched." Sibb. Sir Gaican and Sir 

BLUNT, g. A stupid fellow, Roxb. 

BLUNT, adj. Stripped, bare, naked. 
Douglas. — This seems to be radically the 
same with Blout, q. v. 

BLUNTIE, Blunty, s. A sniveller, a stu- 
pid fellow, S. Burns. Teut. blutten, homo 
stolidus, obtusus, incautus, inanis. 

BLUP, s. One who makes a clumsy or 
awkward appearance ; Loth. It is ap- 
parently the same with Flup, q. v. 

BLUP, .<;. A misfortune brought on, or mis- 
take into which one falls, in consequence 
of want of foresight, Tweedd. V. Blupt. 

BLUPT, part. pa. Unfortunate from want 
of caution, Tweedd. Belg. Beloop-en, to 
reach by running, to overtake. Van eenen 
storm beloopen, to be caught with a storm. 

BLUS, s. Expl. " flood." Poems 1 6th < 5 nt. 
Perhaps should be flus. Y. Flous and 

To BLUSH, r. a. To chafe the skin so as 
to produce a tumour or low blister ; as, 
I've blushed my hand, Berwicks. 

BLUSH, s. 1. A kind of low blister. 2. 
A boil. Su.G. blosa, a blister; Teut. 
bluyster, of the same origin. 

BLUSHIN, .o. A pustule, such as those of 
the small-pox, full of matter, Dumfr. 

To BLUSTER, v. a. To disfigure in writ- 
ing. Bait lie. V. Bludder, v. 

BLUTE, s. An action ; used in a bad 
sense. Afuil blute, a foolish action, S.B. 
perhaps the same with Blout, q. v. 

BLUTE, Bluit, 8. A sudden burst of 
sound, Ettr. For. V. Blout. 

To BLUTHER, r. a. To blot; to disfigure. 
V. Bludder, v. a. 

To BLUTHER, r. u. 1. To make a noise 
in swallowing. 2. To make an inarticu- 

late sound. 3. To raise wind-bells in 
water, S. V. Bludder. 

BLUTHRIE, s. Thin porridge, or water- 
gruel, Ettr. For. 

BLUTHRIE, 8. Phlegm ; as, " what a 
bluthrie he cuist aff his stamack !" what 
a quantity of phlegm he threw off, S. 2. 
Figuratively, frothy, incoherent discourse ; 
q. of a flatulent description, S. V. Blatii- 


BLUTTER, (Fr. «,) g. A term of reproach, 
Dumfr. Perhaps one who has not the 
power of retention. Herd's Coll. 

BO, ». Used as synon. with Bu, Boo, Aberd. 

* BO, inter}. " A word of terrour," Johnson. 

The application of this word will be seen 
in the S. Prov., " He dare not say Bo to 
your blanket;" that is, " He dare not of- 
fer you the least injury," Kelly. Per- 
haps, rather, No one can lay any imputa- 
tion of dishonour on you, or bring forward 
anything injurious to your character. 
This word appears to be the same with 
the S. bu or boo, used to excite terror ; 
and allied to Teut. bauw, larva, spectrum, 
as well as to C.B. bo, a hobgoblin. 

BOAKIE, s. A sprite, a hobgoblin, Aberd. 
Shetl. — Norw. bokje, Isl. bocke, bokki, vir 
grandis et magnificus. In Sanscrit buka 
is the name of an evil spirit. O.Teut. 
bokene, phantasma, spectrum. 

BOAL, Bole, s. 1. A square aperture in the 
wall of a house, for holding small articles; 
a small press generally without a door ; 
S. This is most common in cottages. 
Ramsay. 2. A perforation through the 
wall of a house, for occasionally giving 
air or light ; usually with a wooden shut- 
ter instead of a pane of glass, to be opened 
and shut at pleasure, often denominated 
Window-bole, S. — C. B. bolch, bwlch, a 
gap or notch, an aperture. 

Barn-Bole, s. A perforation in the wall 
of a barn ; synon. Cat-hole, S. V. Bowall. 

BOARDTREES, g. pi. A term used for 
the plank on which a corpse is stretched ; 

* BOARD-WAGES, s. The money paid by 

a person for his board, Aberd. 
To BOAST, Boist, r. a. To threaten. Y. 

To BOAT, r. n. To take boat; to enter 

into a boat ; as, " That beast winna boat," S. 
BOAT, s. A barrel ; a tub, S. 
Beef-Boat, s. A barrel or tub in which 

beef is salted and preserved, S. Hogg. 

Dan. boette, a pail or bucket. 
Butter-Boat, s. A small vessel for holding 

melted butter at table, S. ; called in E. a 

sauce-tureen. St. Honan. 
Yill-Boat, s. An ale-barrel, S.A. 
BOATIE, g. A yawl, or small boat, S. ; 

evidently a diminutive. 
To BOB, Bab, r. «. ] . To dance, S. Herd. 

2. To curtsy, S. " When she cnm ben she 

bobbit." AvldSava. 



BOB, s. Gust, blast. V. Bub. 

BOB, s. 1. A bunch; used as synon. with 
coic, S. Priests of Peblis. 2. 'The same 
word, pronounced bab, is used for a bundle 
of flowers, a nosegay, S. Mountain Bard. 
— Fr. bube, a bunch ; Isl. bobbe, a knot. 

BOB, s. A mark, a butt, S. ; either q. a 
small bunch set up as a mark, or, from 
the sense of the E. v., something to 
strike at. 

BOB, s. A taunt, a scoff, S.B. Boss.— 
Teut. babb-en, to prate ; Isl. Ionium i 
bobba, os correptum, at bobsa, bab are (to 
bark) canum vox est. Su.G. babe, sermo 

BOBBER, Babber, s. In fly-fishing, the 
hook which plays loosely on the surface 
of the water, as distinguished from the 
trailer, at the extremity of the line, S. 
V. Trailer. 

BOBBY, s. A grandfather, S.B. Boss. 
Perhaps allied to Gael, boban, which Shaw 
renders " Papa." The term papa seems, 
indeed, the root ; b and p being constantly 
interchanged, especially in the Celtic dia- 
lects. Hence, 

Auld Bobbie. A familiar or ludicrous 
designation given to the Devil, S. 

BOBBIN, s. A weaver's quill, Ettr. For. 
Synon. Pirn, S. — Fr. bobine, a quill for a 

BOBBYN, g. 1. The seed-pod of birch, 
Loth. Evergreen. 2. Bobbyns,^. The 
bunch of edible ligaments attached to the 
stalk of Badderlocks, a species of sea 
weed, eaten by both men and cattle ; 
Fucus esculentus, Linn. Mearns. — Fr. 
bubon, a great bunch. 

BOBBINS,?. The water-lily, S.B. Bob- 
bins are properly the seed-vessels. V. 

BOBBLE, s. A slovenly fellow, Ayrs. 
Picken. C.B. bawai, id., bawl yd, slovenly. 

BOCE, g. A barrel or cask. Act. Bom. 
Cone. V. Boss. 

BOCE ; Burel, Watson's Coll. ii. 26. V. 

To BOCK, t>. a. To vomit. V. Bok. 

BOCK-BLOOD, ». A spitting, or throw- 
ing up of blood. Polwart. 

BOD, s. A person of small size, a term gen- 
erally applied, somewhat contemptuous- 
ly, to one who is dwarfish, although of 
full age, S. Picken. 

BOD, s. A personal invitation ; distin- 
guished from Bodeword, which denotes 
an invitation by means of a letter or a 
messenger, Upp. Clydes. A.S. bod-ian, 
" to deliver a message." Somner. 

BOD. Used as a common proverbial phrase, 
in regard to anything in which one has 
not succeeded on a former attempt; " I'll 
begin," or " I'll set about it, new bod, 
new shod" S. It is doubtful whether 
bod should be viewed in the sense of 
boden, prepared ; it is probably rather 

the 8. bode, and may mean, I will expect a 
new proffer, as being set out to the best 
advantage. Perhaps a kind of horse- 
market jockey phrase. 

BODAY. Meaning doubtful; perhaps flesh- 
colour, q. the complexion of the body. 
Depred. on the Clan Campbell. 

BODDUM, g. 1. Bottom. Douglas. 2. 
A hollow, a valley. Douglas. 3. The seat 
in the human body ; the hips ; as, " Sit 
still on your boddum there." — Alem. 
bodem, Germ. Belg. boden, solum, fundus. 

BODDUM-LYER. A designation given to 
a large trout because it keeps at the 
bottom, Dumfr. ; synon. Gull. 

BODE, s. A portent ; that which forebodes, 
Ayrs. Gait. — Isl. bod, mandatum, bod-a, 
nuntiar e, and soon in the cognate dialects. 
Hence the compound terms, A.S. fore- 
bod-an, praenuntiare ; Su.G. foerebod-a, 
to foretoken, E. forebode ; Isl.fyribodan, 
omen ; Teut. veur-bode, praenuncius et 
praesagium ; such omens being viewed as 
communicated by a messenger from the 
world of spirits to give previous warning 
of some important event. 

BODE, Bod, .«. 1. An offer made in order 
to a bargain, a proffer, S. Ramsay. 2. 
It is sometimes used to denote the price 
asked by a vender, or the offer of goods 
at a certain rate. Antiquary. — Germ, bot, 
id. from biet-en, to offer. Isl. bud, a proffer, 
from bioth-a, offerre, exhibere, praebere. 

BODE, s. Delay. Sir Egeir. 

To BODE, v. a. To proffer, often as im- 
plying the idea of some degree of con- 
straint. " He did na merely offer, but 
he boded it on me ;" S. 

BODEABLE, adj. 'Marketable; anything 
for which a bode or proffer may be ex- 
pected, Ettr. For. 

BODEN, -part. pa. Preferred. 

BODEN, part. pa. Proffered. V. Bode r. 

BODEN, Bomx,BoDYX, part, pa. 1. Pre- 
pared, provided, furnished, in whatever 
way, S. ActsJa.l. WeU-boden or itt- 
boden, well or ill provided, in whatever 
respect, S. 2. It seems to be used in 
one instance, in an oblique sense, as sig- 
nifying matched. V. Boun. Barbour. — 
Su.G. bo, Isl. bo-a, to prepare, to provide ; 
icael bodd, well provided against the cold. 

BODGEL, s. A little man, Loth. ; perhaps, 
properly, bodsel. V. Bod. 

BODY, s. Strength, bodily ability. Bar- 
bour. — A.S. bodig not only signifies the 
body in general, but stature. 

BODIE, Body, s. 1. A little or puny per- 
son ; as, He's but a bodie, S. 2. Also 
used in a contemptuous sense ; especially 
when preceded by an adj. conveying a 
similar idea. Spalding. 

BODIES, s. pi. A common designation for 
a number of children in a family or school ; 
as, " Ane o' the bodies is no weel," one of 
the children is ailing. 




* BODILY, adv. Entirely ; as, " It 's tane 
away bodily,'' not a vestige of it remains; 
q. the whole body is removed. 

BODY-LIKE, adv. In the whole extent 
of the corporeal frame, Angus. Spalding. 

BODY-SERVANT, s. A valet ; one who 
immediately waits on his master. Guy 
Manner ing. 

BODLE, Boddle, s. A copper coin, of the 
value of two pennies Scots, or the third 
part of an English halfpenny. Rudd. 
— These pieces are said to have been de- 
nominated from a mint-master of the 
name of Both well. 

BODWORD, Bodwart, Bodworde, s. 1. 
A message, S.B. Wallace. 2. A predic- 
tion, or some old saying, expressing the 
fate of a person or family. Marriage. 
— A.S. boda, a messenger, and word. 
Su.G. Isl. bodicord is edictum, mandatum. 
V. Bode, a portent. 

BOET1NGS, Buitings, s. pi. Half-boots, 
or leathern spatterdashes. Dunbar. — 
Teut. boten schoen, calceus rusticus e crudo 
corio ; Kiliau. 

To BOG, r. n. To be bemired ; to stick in 
marshy ground, S. ; Lair synou. From 
the E. noun. 

To BOG, i\ a. Metaph. to entangle one's 
self inextricably in a dispute, S. 

BOG AN, Boggan, Boggin, s. A boil; a 
large pimple filled with white matter, 
chiefly appearing between the fingers of 
children in spring, Berwicks. Ayrs. — Isl. 
bolga, tumour, bolginn, tumidus, bolg-a, 
bolgn-a, tumescere ; Gael, bolg-am, to 
swell or blister, bolg, a pimple, bolgach, a 
boil, the small-pox ; C.B. boq, a swelling. 

BOG-BLUTER, 8. The Bittern ; denomi- 
nated from its thrusting its bill into 
marshy places, and making a noise by 
bubbling through the water, Roxb. Ayrs. 
For the same reason it is called Mire- 

BOG-BUMPER, s. Another name for the 
bittern, Roxb. Perils of Man. V. Mire- 
bumper, id. S.B. 

BOG GARDE, s. A bugbear. Eollock. A. 
Bor. boggart, a spectre. C.B. bwg, larva, 

BOGGIN, s. V. Bogan. 

BOG-GLED, s. The moor-buzzard, Falco 
aeruginosus, Linn. S. 

To BOGG-SCLENT, v. n. Apparently to 
avoid action, to abscond in the day of 
battle. Colvil. — Perhaps in allusion to 
him who sklents or strikes off obliquely 
from the highway, into a bog, to avoid 
being taken prisoner. 

BOGILL, or, Bogle about the Stacks, or 
simply, Bogle, a play of children or young 
people, in which one hunts several others 
around the stacks of corn in a barn-yard, 
S. Bogle about the bush, synon. Iiitson. — 
It seems the same gamewith that called 
Barley-bracks, q. v. The name has pro 

bably originated from the idea of the 
huntsman employed being a scarecrow to 
the rest. 

BOGILL, Bogle, Bugil, 5. 1. A spectre, a 
hobgoblin, S. A. Bor. Douglas. 2. A 
scarecrow, a bugbear, S. Synon. doolie, 
cow ; being used in both senses. — C.B. 
bugul, fe&r, bwgwly, to frighten. 

Potato-Bogle, s. A scarecrow erected 
among growing potatoes, S. Potato- 
doolie synon, S.B. Guy Mannering. 

BOGILL-BO, 5. 1. A hobgoblin or' spec- 
tre, S. Ramsay. 2. A pettish humour. 
Philotus. — In Lincolnsh. this word is 
used for a scarecrow, from bogill, or 
C.B. bogcl-u, to affright, and bo, a hob- 
goblin, q. " the affrighting goblin." 

To BOGLE, v. a. To terrify ; to enchant ; 
to bewitch or blind. M' Ward's Contend. 

BOGLE about the Bush. Synon. with 
Bogill about the stacks, S. ; used figura- 
tively to denote circumvention. Wa- 

BOGLE-RAD, adj. Afraid of apparitions 
or hobgoblins, Roxb. Y. Bogle, and 
Rad, adj. afraid. 

BOGLIE, Bogillv, Boggly, adv. Haunted 
by hobgoblins, S. Black Dwarf. 

BOG-NUT, s. The Marsh Trefo'il, Meny- 
anthes trifoliata, Linn. S. Bogbean, E. 

BOGOGER, s. Perhaps coarse stockings 
boq-hoqers. Montqomery. V. Hogers. 

BOGSTALKER, s. An idle, wandering, 
and stupid fellow ; one who seems to 
have little to do, and no understanding, 
S. Y. Stalker. Ramsay. — Borrowed, 
perhaps, from outlaws, who were seen at 
a distance hunting in marshy places, 
where pursuit was more difficult ; or 
from people going into bogs or miry 
places in quest of the eggs of wild-fowls. 
In doing so they carried a long pole with 
a flat piece of wood at the end of it to 
prevent it from sinking and enable them 
to step from one place to another ; in 
doing which they necessarily looked wist- 
fully and doubtfully around them, like 
people who did not know what to do. 

BOYART, Boyert, s. A hoy ; a kind of 
ship. Aberd. Reg. Belg. boeijer, id. 

To BOICH, (gutt.) r. n. To cough with 
difficulty, Lanarks. Flandr. poogh-cn, niti, 
adlaborare. V. Baichie. 

BOICH, s. A short, difficult cough, ibid. 

BOICHER, s. One having a short, difficult 
cough, ibid. 

BOICHIN, s. A continuation of coughing 
with difficulty, ibid. 

BOICHE, s. A kind of pestilence. Per- 
haps from boichde, poverty. Aberd. Reg. 

BOID, s. Maitland Poems.— Isl. bode,'a 
term used to denote a wave agitated by 
the wind ; unda maris cum vadosis sco- 
pulis luctans. 

BOYDS, s. pi. Blackbemes. V. Black- 





BOYIS, *. In boyis, in fetters. Barbour. 
— Teut. boeye, compes, pedica, vinculum ; 
boey-en, corapedire. 

BOIKIN, s. The piece of beef called the 
Brisket in E. 

BOIKIN, s. A bodkin, S. Apparently a 
corr. of E. word, to avoid the harshness j 
of two consonants coming together. 

BOIL, s. The state of boiling; At the 
boil, nearly boiling, S. 

BOIL, s. The trunk of a tree, Lanarks. 
The same with E. bole, Su.G. bol, Isl. bol-r, 
truncus arboris vel corporis. 

BOIN, Boyn, Boyen, Bowyne, s. LA 
washing-tub, S.B. 2. A flat broad-bot- 
tomed vessel, into which milk is emptied 
from the pail, a boicyne, Loth. — Unless 
from Isl. boginn, curvus, or Dan. bugn-e, 
to bend, as respecting its form ; 1 can 
offer no conjecture as to the origin. 

BOYNFU', s. The fill of a tub or milk- 
vessel, S. 

BOING, s. The act of lowing or bellowing, 
S. V. etymon under Bu, Bue. 

BQlS,adj. Hollow. V. Bos. 

BOISERT, s. A louse, Ettr. For.— Germ. 
beissen, to bite, or beiss, a bite, and art ; 
q. of a biting nature. 

BOISSES. V. Boss. Knox's Hist. 

* To BOIST, Boast, c a. To threaten, to 
endeavour to terrify, S. Douglas. — C.B. 
bost-io, to vaunt one's self ; bost, vaunt- 
ing ; boez, boss, elevation. 

BOIST, Bost, s. Threatening, S. Wallace. 

BOIST, s. Box or chest. Aberd. Reg. 
V. Buist. 

BOIT, s. 1. A cask or tub used for the pur- 
pose of curing butcher-meat, or for hold- 
ing it after it is cured ; sometimes called 
a beef-boat, S. 2. Used as equivalent to 
E. butt. Ruddiman. — Germ, butte; Ital. 
botte, id., whence E. butt. Su.G. byttia, 
situla, cupa ; Teut. botte, id. dolium, orca, 

BOIT, Boyt, Boitt,s. A boat. Aberd. Reg. 

BOITSCH1PPING, s. Apparently a com- 
pany belonging to a boat. Aberd. Reg. 

To BOITT, r. n. To enter into a boat ; to 
take boat; S. to boat. Acts Ja. VI. — 
Teut. boot, scapha, limbus, cymba. 

BOYTOUR,Butter,s. The bittern. ActsJa. 
VI.— O.E. buttour; Belg. buttoor, a bird. 

To BOK, Bock, r.a. 1. To vomit, S. Gaican 
and Gol. 2. To retch, to incline to puke. 
S. 3. To belch, (eructare,) S.— A.Bor. 
boke, boick, to nauseate, to be ready to 
vomit ; booac, to retch, to keck, ibid. 
Perhaps from A.S. lealc-an, eructare. It 
however has greater resemblance of puke, 
to which no etymon has been assigned. 

BOK, Bock, Bocking, s. The act of retch- 
ing, S. Gait. Cleland. 

BOKEIK, s. Bopeep, a game. The word 
is now inverted ; as keckbo, q.v. Lyndsay. 

BOKS, "Comer teeth," Gl*. Sibb. 
Maitland Poems, 

To BOLD1N, Boldyn, r. n. 1. To swell 
in a literal sense. Douglas. 2. Trans- 
ferred to the mind, as denoting pride, 
courage, wrath, &c. Pitscottie. 

BOLUIN, Boulden, part. pa. swelled. — 
This is softened into boicdin, bowden, S. 
Often in the pret. and part, it is written 
bolnys, swells, (Doug. V.) and bolnyt. I 
hesitate whether these are contr. from 
boldinnys, boldinnyt, or the v. in another 
form, more nearly resembling Su.G. buln-a 
Dan. bul-ner. Su.G. bul-na, bulg-ia, id. 
bolginn, swollen. Hence Isl. bilgia, Su.G. 
bol'gia, a billow ; because it is raised by 
the wind ; and bolda, a boil, a tumour. 
Gael, builg-am to swell, bui/g, a blister. 

BOLE, s. A square aperture, &c. V. Boal. 

BOLE, s. A bull; corresponding to taurus. 
Fordun. — Isl. bauli, taurus, from baul-a; 
Su.G. boel-a, mugire, whence also, baul, 

BOLGAN, s. A swelling that becomes a 
pimple ; the same with Boi/an, Roxb. 

BOLGAN LEAVES, Nipplewort, an herb, 
S.B. Lapsana communis, Linn. — Perhaps 
from Isl. bolg-a, tumere, or Su.G. bolginn, 
swollen, q. " swelling leaves," as being 
supposed by the vulgar in S. to be effica- 
cious in removing swellings. 

To BOLYN, r. n. To lay tack aboard. 
Maitland Poems.— O.Fr. bolin-er, to sail 
by a wind, or close upon a wind. 

BOLL. Lintseed Boll. V. Bow. 

BOLLIT, pret. Perhaps, knocked on the 
head.— Belg. boll-en, id. ; Teut. bculije, 
supplicium, tormentum. 

BOLLMAN, s. A cottager, Orkn. Statist. 
Ace. — Perhaps from Su.G. Isl. bol, villa, 
and man, q. the inhabitant of a village. 
It is always pronounced bowman. 

BOLME, ^. A boom, a waterman's pole. 
Douglas. — Gzxm.baum, Belg.ioom, a tree. 

BOLNYNGjS. Swelling. Uenrysone. V. 


BOLNIT. V. Boldin. 

BOLSTER, s. That part of a mill in which 
the axletree moves, S. 

BOMACIE, s. Perhaps, thunder; thunder- 
storm, Ayrs. 

BOMARISKIE, ?. An herb, the roots of 
which taste exactly like licorice ; per- 
haps the Astragalas glycyphillus of Linn. 
Upp. Clydes. 

BOMBESIE, s. Bombasiu ; a stuff. Acts 
Ja. VI. 

BOMBILL, s. Buzzing noise ; metaph. 
used for boasting. Policart — Teut. bom- 
mele, a drone. 

BOMESPAR, ?. A spar of a larger kind. 
Su.G. bom signifies obex, vectis, a bar or 
spar for a gate, or for shutting in ; Teut. 
boom, Germ, baum, id. 

BOMILL, s. Perhaps, a cooper's instru- 
ment, q. wimble. Aberd. Reg. 

To BOMMLE, r. n. To work confusedly, 
Ayrs. Picken. V. Bumjiil, i\ 



BON. Borrowed, begged; " He that trusts 
to bon ploughs, will have his land lye 
lazy," S. Prov.— Isl. bon, gratis acceptio, 
ineudicatio ; Su.G. boen, preces. Hence, 
perhaps, E. boon. 
BON,s. Apparentlv,bane, injury. Wallace. 
BON ACCORD, s. 1. Agreement, amity. 
2. A term which seems to have been for- 
merly used by way of toast, as expressive 
of amity and kindness. Spalding. — Fr. 
bon, good, and accord, agreement. 
BONALAIS, Bonailie, Bonnaillie, s. A 
drink taken with a friend, when one is 
about to part with him ; as expressive of 
one's wishing him a prosperous journey, 
S. Wallace— It is now generally pron. 
bonaiUie,S. Boncdais might seem to be 
the plur. But perhaps it merely retains 
the form of Fr. Bon alien. 
BONDAGE, Bonn-age, s. The designation 
given to the services due by a tenant to 
the proprietor, or by a cottager to the 
farmer, Angus. Aor. Sure. Klncard. 
BONDAY WARKIS. The time a tenant 
or vassal is bound to work for the pro- 
prietor. V. Bonnage, .«. 
BONE, s. A petition, a prayer. Dour/las, 
O.E. id. Isl. baen, precatio, oratio ; boon, 
petitio, gratis acceptio, mendicatio, G. 
Andr. A.S. ben, bene, id. 
BONETT,s. "A small sail, fixed to the 
bottom or sides of the great sails, to ac- 
celerate the ship's way in calm weather." 
Gl. Compl. Douglas— Fr. bonnette, Sw. 
bonet, id. 
BON-GRACE, s. 1. A large bonnet worn 
by females. 2. A coarse straw-hat, of 
their own manufacture, worn by the fe- 
male peasantry, Roxb. Guy Mannering. 
BONIE, Bonye, Boiranr, adj. 1. Beautiful, 
pretty, S. Maitland Poems. Boniest, 
most beautiful. Montgomerie. 2. It is 
occasionally used ironically, in the same 
way with E. pretty, S. Priests of Peblis. 
3. Precious, valuable. Minstrelsy Bor- 
der. Bonny is used in the same sense by 
Shakspeare, and since his time by some 
other E. writers. But I suspect that it 
is properly S. Johnson derives it from 
Fr. bon, bonne, good. This is by no means 
satisfactory ; but we must confess that 
we cannot substitute a better etymon. 
BONYNES, Bonnyness, s. Beauty, hand- 
someness. Philotus. Herd's Coll. 
BONK,s. Abank. Douglas.— Probably corr. 
from A.S. bene. Isl'buuga, however, sig- 
nifies tumor terrae. 
BONKER, s. A bench, &c. V. Bunker. 


duty paid at a mill, Ayrs. This is the | BONSPEL, Bonspeili. 

bonnack due to the servant. V. Knawship. 
BONNAGE, s. An obligation, on the part 

of the tenant, to cut down the proprietor's 

corn. Statist. Ace. — Evidently a corr. of 

Bondaqe, q.v. 
BONNAGE-HEUK, .«. A tenant bound by 


the terms of his lease to reap, or use his 
hook, for the proprietor in harvest, Aberd. 
BONNAGE-PEATS, s. pi. Peats which, 
by his lease, a tenant is bound to furnish 
to the proprietor, ib. 
BONNAR,s. "A bond," Gl. Popular Ball. 
BONNET. V. White Bonnet. 
BONNET. Blue Bonnet. This, in former 
times, in Teviotdale at least, was used as 
a charm, especially for warding off the 
evil influence of the fairies. " An un- 
christened child was considered as in the 
most imminent danger, should the mo- 
ther, while on the straw, neglect the pre- 
caution of having the blue bonnet worn 
by her husband constantly beside her. 
When a cow happened to be seized with 
any sudden disease, (the cause of which 
was usually ascribed to the malignant 
influence of the fairies,) she was said to 
be elf-shot ; and it was reckoned as much 
as her life was worth not to ' dad her wi' 
the blue bonnet.' ' It's no wordie a dad of 
a bonnet,' was a common phrase when ex- 
pressing contempt, or alluding to any- 
thing not worth the trouble of repairing." 
—Edin. Mag., April, 1820. 
To Fill one's Bonnet. To be equal to one 
in any respect ; as, " He'll ne'er fill his 
bonnet," he will never match him, S. 
Old Mortality. 
To Rive one's* Bonnet. To excel one in 
every respect. " May he rive his fathers 
bonnet!" May he be superior to his father; 
or father-better. 
BONNET-FLEUK, s. The Pearl, a fish. 

NeilPs List of Fishes. 
BONNET-LAIRD, Bannet-Laird, s. A 
yeoman ; one who farms his own land. 
Synon. Cock-Laird. The Entail. 
BONNET-PIECE, s. A gold coin of James 
V. ; so called, because on it the King is 
represented wearing a bonnet. Monastery. 
BONNY, Bonie o't. A small quantity of 
anything. " The bonie o't," Renfr. Roxb. 
BONNILIE, adv. Beautifully, S. Bums. 
BONNY-DIE, s. 1. A toy; a trinket, Loth. 
Antiquary. 2. Applied to money, as ha- 
ving the influence of a gewgaw on the 
eye. Heart Mid-Loth. V. Die. 
BONNIE WALLIES, s. pi. Gewgaws. 

The Pirate. V. Waly, s. a toy. 
BONNIVOCHIL, s. The Great Northern 

Diver, Colymbus glacialis, Linn. 
BONNOCK,"?. A sort of cake, Ayrs. Burns. 

Synon. Bannock. 

BONOCH, 8. " A binding to tie a cow's 

hind legs when she is a-milking." Kelly. 

BONOUR, s. Perhaps, bond. V. Bonnar. 

1. A match at 

archery. Pitscottie. 2. A match, at the 

diversion of curling on the ice, between 

two opposite parties, S. Graeme. 3. A 

match of any kind ; as at golf, foot-ball, 

or even at fighting, Aberd. — Belg. bonne, 

a village, a district, and spel, play ; be- 



cause the inhabitants of different villages 
or districts contend with each other in 
this sport, one parish, for example, chal- 
lenging another. Or, the first syllable 
may be traced to Su.G. bonde, an hus- 
bandman. Stat. Ace. P. Muirkirk. V. 


BONTE, s. A thing useful or advantageous; 
a benefit.— Fr. id. Bellenden. 

BONXIE, s. The name given to the Skua 
Gull, Shetl. Neill. 

BOO, Bow, s. A term sometimes used to 
denote a manor-house, or the principal 
farm-house, or a village, in conjunction 
with the proper name, Ang. — Su.G. 60, 
Isl. bu, boo, domicilium, a house or dwel- 
ling, also, a village ; Moes.G. buua, id. 
In the Orkney Islands, where the Gothic 
was long preserved in greater purity than 
in our country, the principal farm-house 
on an estate, or in any particular district 
of it, is in a great many instances called 
the Boll or Bow. Barry. 

BOODIE-BO, s. A bugbear ; an object of 
terror, Aberd. Synon. Bu, Boo. 

BOODIES, pi. Ghosts, hobgoblins, Aberd. 
Journal Bond. — It might be deduced 
from A.S. boda, a messenger, from bod- 
kin, to declare, to denounce. But it 
seems to be rather originally the same 
with C.B. bugudhai, hobgoblins, Gael, 
bodach, a ghost. Waterley. 

To BOOFF, v. a. To strike,' properly with 
the hand, so as to produce a hollow sound, 

BOOFF, s. A stroke causing a hollow sound, 
ibid. Baff synon. V. Buff, r. and s. 

BOOHOO. An interjection expressive of 
contempt, accompanied with a projection 
of the lips, Roxb. 

BOOHOO, s. Iwouldnagi'e a booh 00 for you, 

To BOOHOO, r. n. To show contempt in 
the mode described above, ibid. — Belg. 
boha, a noise, a boast. 

BOOIT, g. A hand-lanthorn. V. Bowet. 

To BOOK, Beuk, v. a. To register a couple 
in the kirk-session records for the procla- 
mation of the banns, S. Gait. 

BOOKING, s. This act of recording is 
termed the booking, Fife. 

BOOL, s. A semicircular handle, &c. Bool 
of a pint-stoup. V. Boul. 

BOOL, s. A contemptuous term for a man, 
especially if advanced in years. It is 
often conjoined with an epithet ; as, " an 
auld 600/," an old round or corpulent 
fellow, S.— Su.G. bol, the trunk of the 
body, as distinguished from the head and 

To BOOL, Bule, r. n. 1. To weep, in a 
childish manner, with a continued hum- 
ming sound, Roxb. 2. To sing wretch- 
edly, with a low, drawling note. Hogg. 
— Isl. baul-a ; Su.G. bol-a, mugire ; Sw. 
boel-a, to low, to bellow. 

BOOL-HORNED, adj. Perverse, obstinate, 
inflexible, S. apparently from the same 
origin with Bools. — Boolie-horned, Bor- 
der, and W. of S. A.Bor. buckle-horns, 
short crooked horns turned horizontally 

BOOL of a Key. The round annular part 
of a key, by means of which it is turned 
with the hand, S. 

BOOLS of a pot, s. pi. Two crooked instru- 
ments of iron, linked together, used for 
lifting a pot by the ears, S. ; also called 
clips.— Teut. boghel, numella ; Germ, ba- 
gel, anything that is circular or curved. 

BOOLYIE, ». A loud threatening noise, 
like the bellowing of a bull, Ettr. For. 
Apparently of the same origin as the r. 
Bool ; the E. v. To Bawl, seems a cog- 
nate term. 

BOON of Lint. V. Bune. 

BOON of Sheai-ers. A band of reapers ; 
as many as a farmer employs, Dumfr. 
Loth. — Isl. buandi, ruricola, buanda, 
cives, from bu-a, habitare ; Su.G. bo, id. 

BOON-DINNER, s. The dinner given on 
the harvest-field to a band of reapers, S. 
Blackw. Mag. 

BOONER, adj. Upper, Loth. (Compara- 
tive degree.) 

BOONERMOST, adj. Uppermost. (Su- 
perlative.) Jacobite Belies. V. Boonmost. 

BOONMOST, adj. Uppermost, S. pron. 
bunemist. Boss. — A.S. bufan, bufan, above, 
and most. 

BOORICK, s. A shepherd's hut. V. Bour- 


BOOST, v. imp. Behoved. V. Boot, v. imp. 

BOOST, s. A box. V. Buist. 

BOOT, Bout, s. A sieve, Roxb. Appa- 
rently corr. from E. bolt, to sift, whence 
bolter, a sieve. 

BOOT, But, Bold, Bit, Bud, Boost, v. 
imp. Behoved, was under a necessity of, 
S. ; He boot to do such a thing ; he could 
not avoid it. It bit to be ; it was neces- 
sary that this should take place. Boss. 
Burns. — Bus and bud occur in the same 
sense in Ywaine and Gawin. Most pro- 
bably it is a corr. of behoved, Belg. behoeft. 

BOOT-HOSE, s. pi. Coarse, ribbed worsted 
hose, without feet, fixed by a flap under 
the buckle of the shoe, and covering the 
breeches at the knee ; formerly worn in- 
stead of boots, S. Synon. Gramashcs. 
Heart Mid-Loth. 

BOOTYER, s. A glutton. V. Byoutour. 

BOOTS, Bootes, s. pi. An instrument of 
torture formerly used in S. ; being a kind 
of iron boot in which the leg was placed 
and into which wedges were driven to 
extort confession of criminality. Crook- 
shank's Hist. 

BOOTIKIN, s. Diminutive of the above. 

BOOZY, adj. Bushy. V. Bouzy. 

BOR, Bom, Bore, s. 1. A small hole or 
crevice ; a place used for shelter, espe- 



cially by smaller animals, S. SirTristrem. I 
2. An opening in the clouds, when the 
sky is thick and gloomy, or during rain, 
is called a blue bore, S. It is sometimes ' 
used metaph. Baillie. 3. To tak in, or 
up a bore, to begin to reform one's con- 
duct, Mearns. ; synon. with " turning 
over a new leaf. " — Su.G. Germ, bor, 
terebra ; Isl. bora, foramen ; A.S. bor-lan, 
to pierce. 

BORAGE GROT, s. A kind of groat, or 
fourpenny piece, formerly current in S. 
Perhaps so denominated from the use of j 
borax as analloy. — Teut.6om<7ie,buglossa. : 

BORAL, Borale, Borell, s. A wimble ; 
an instrument for boring, one end of j 
which is placed on the breast, Teviotd. j 
Hence called &breast-bore,Clydes. — -Su.G., ■ 
Isl. bor, terebrum, whence bora, the orifice j 
made, from bor-a, perforare ; Teut. boor- 
en, id. 

BORAL HOLE, s. A hole made by a | 
wimble, Selkirks. Hogg. 

BORAL-TREE,s. The handle of a wimble, j 

To BORCH, Borgh, v. a. To give a pledge 
or security for ; to bail. Wallace. 

BORCH, Borgh, Bowrch, Borow, s. 1. 
A surety. The term properly denotes a 
person who becomes bail for another, for 
whatever purpose. Wallace. 2. A pledge; 
anything laid in pawn. Barbour. — The 
term occurs in both senses in O.E. A.S. 
borg borh, fide-jussor ; also, foenus ; Germ. 
burge, a pledge.— Su.G. borgen, suretiship. 
Ihre derives Su.G. and Isl. borg-a, to be- 
come surety, from berg-a, a periculo tueri, 
to protect from danger. The idea is cer- 
tainly most natural : For what is sureti- 
ship, but warranting the safety of any 
person or thing 1 

Lattin to Borgh. Laid in pledge. Lattin 
is the part. pa. of the r. Lot, to let ; to 
lay. — Teut. laeten zijn, ponere. 

To Strek, or Stryk a Borgh. To enter 
into suretiship or cautionary on any 
ground. Acts Ja. I. 

BORD, s. 1. A broad hem or welt, S. 2. 
The edge or border of a woman's cap, S. 
— Fr. bord ; Belg. boord, a welt, a hem, 
or selvage ; Isl. bard, bord, the extremity 
or margin. 

BORD ALEXANDER, s. A kind of cloth 
manufactured at Alexandria and other 
towns in Egypt. 

Monthis Bord, .*. Apparently the ridge 
or longitudinal summit of a mountain. — 
Isl. bord, a margin or extremity. 

BORDEL, s. A brothel, Dunbar.— Fr. 
bordel, id.; Su.G. A.S. bord, a house. The 
dimin. of this, Hire says, was L.B. bordell- 
vm, bordil-e, tuguriolum, cujus generis 
quum olim meretricum stabula essent. 

B( 1RDELLAR, s. A haunter of brothels. 

BORE, «. A crevice. V. Bor. 


BORE"S (or BOAR'S) EARS, s. pi. The 
name given to the Auricula, S.B. Pri- 
mula auricula, Linn. — A bear is called a 
boar, S., especially S.B. 

BOREAU, s. An executioner. V. Burio. 

BORE-TREE, s. Sambucus nigra. V. 


BORGCHT,s. A surety. Aberd. Beg. V. 


BORGH, s. A surety. V. Borch. 

BORN. Wallace. — Burn may have some 
affinity to Isl. borgun; Su.G. borgen, sure- 
tiship ; q. one under contract or obliga- 

BORNE-DOWN, part. adj. Depressed in 
body, in mind, or in external circum- 
stances, S. 

BORN-HEAD, adv. Straight forward in 
an impetuous manner, Ettr. For. ; synon. 
Horn-head. Ferils of Man. 

BORNE-HEAD, adj. Headlong ; furious, 
Fpp.Clydes. — Perhaps from Teut. bor-en ; 
A.S. baer-en,to\\ere, levare, prae se ferre ; 
A.S. boren, part, pa., q. with the head 
borne, or carried before, or pushing for- 
ward, like a butting ox. 

BORNE-MAD, adj. Furious. Upp. Clydes. 

BORNSHET, s. A composition for protec- 
tion from being plundered by an army. 
Monro's Exped. — Teut. borgh-en, in tu- 
tum recipere, servare. Perhaps formed 
from Sw. borgen, bail, security, and skatt- 
a, to rate, to value ; or Teut. borgh-en, 
and schatt-en, to tax, whence schatting, 

BOROW, s. 1. A surety. 2. A pledge. 
Aberd. Reg. V. Borch. 

BORRA, Borradh, s. A congeries of stones 
covering cells, about G feet long, 4 broad, 
and 4 or 5 feet high, Highlands of S. 

BORRAL TREE, s. Supposed the Bour- 
tree, or common elder, as boys bore it for 
their popguns. 

BORREL, s. An instrument for piercing ; 
a borer, S.A. Bates. V. Boral. 

BORRET, s. A term anciently given to 
bombasin in S.— Belg. borat, " a certain 
light stuff of silk and fine wool," Sewel. 

To BORROW, Borw, o. a. 1. To give secu- 
rity for ; applied to property. Wyntoicn. 
2. To become surety for ; applied to a 
person. Baron Courts. — Su.G. borg-a, id. 

To BORROW one, to urge one to drink, 
Ang. Perhaps from borg-cn, to pledge. 
When one pledges another in company, he 
engages to drink after him; and in ancient 
times it was generally understood, that 
he who pledged another, was engaged to 
drink an equal quantity. 

BORROWGANGE, Borrowgang, p. A 
state of suretiship. Beg. Maj. — Su.G. 
edgaang, laggaang, are rendered by Ihre, 
actus jurandi, from gaa, ire ; borrowgange 
may thus be merely the act of going or 
entering as a surety. 

BORROWING DAYS. The last three 


days of March, Old Style, S. Cvuiplaynt S. 
— These days being generally stormy, our 
forefathers have endeavoured to account 
for this circumstance, by pretending that 
March borrowed them from April, that he 
might extend his power so much longer. 
Those who are much addicted to super- 
stition will neither borrow nor lend on 
any of these days, lest the articles bor- 
rowed should be employed for the pur- 
poses of witchcraft against the lenders. 
Some of the vulgar imagiue, that these 
days received their designation from the 
conduct of the Israelites in borrotcing the 
property of the Egvptians. 

BORROW-MAILL, Burrow-Mail,*. An- 
nual duty payable to the Sovereign by a 
burgh for enjoying certain rights. Acts 
Ja. VI. V. Mail, tribute. 

BORROWSTOUN, s. A royal borough, S. 

BORROWSTOUN, adj. Of or belonging 
to a borough, S. 

BOS, Boss, Bois, adj. 1. Hollow, S. Dou- 
glas. " A boss sound," that which is 
emitted by a body that is hollow, S. 2. 
Empty. A shell, without a kernel, is said 
to be boss. The word is also used to de- 
note the state of the stomach when it is 
empty, or after long abstinence, S. Mori- 
son. 3. In the same sense, it is metaph. 
applied to a weak or ignorant person. 
One is said to be " nae boss man," who 
has a considerable share of understand- 
ing, S.B. Ramsay. 4. Applied to a per- 
son emaciated by internal disease. 5. A 
large window forming a recess ; a bay 
window, or bote window. Pitscottie. 6. 
Poor; destitute of worldly substance, S.B. 
Ross. — Teut. bosse, umbo. 

BOSKIE, adj. Tipsy, Loth.— Teut. buys, 
ebrius, buys-en, poculis iudulgere. 

BOSKILL, s. An opening in the middle of 
a stack of corn, made by pieces of wood 
fastened at the top, Roxb. Syn. Fause- 
house. Perhaps from its resemblance to 
a kiln, or kill, in form, and having nothing 
within it ; q. a boss or empty kill. 

BOSS, Boce, s. Anything hollow. Burel. 

BOSS of the Side, the hollow between the 
ribs and the haunch, S. 

BOSS of the Body. The forepart, from 
the chest downwards to the loins ; a 
phrase now almost obsolete, S. 

BOSS, Boiss, s. 1. A small cask. Pitscottie. 
2. It seems to denote a bottle, perhaps 
one of earthen ware, such as is now vul- 
garly called a gray-beard. Dunbar. 3. 
In pi. bosses, buisses, a term of contempt, 
conjoined with auld, and applied to per- 
sons of a despicable or worthless charac- 
ter. Knox. — From Fr. boire, to drink, 
whence boisson, drink, or busse, a cask for 
holding wines. 

BOSSINS, s. Vacancies in corn-stacks, 
for the admission of air to preserve the 



grain from being heated, Lauarks. From 
Boss, hollow. V. Fause-house. 

BOSSNESS,s. l.Hollowness,S. 2. Emp- 
tiness, often applied to the stomach, S. 

BOT, conj. But, often confounded with 
but, prep, signifying without. Douglas. — 
A.S. butan, buton, are used precisely as 
S. but, without. 

BOTAND, But-axd, prep. Besides. Percy. 

BOTAND, adv. 1. But if ; except. Bar- 
bour. 2. Moreover ; besides. Maitland, 
Poems. — In the latter sense, it is from 
A.S. butan, praeter. 

BOTANO, s. A piece of linen dyed blue. 
Fr. boutant, a stuff which is made at 

BOTCARD, s. A sort of artillery used in 
S. in the reign of Ja, V. Pitscottie. — The 
same instruments seem to be afterwards 
called battars, ib. Fr. bastarde, " a demie- 
cannon, or demie-culverin; a smaller piece 
of any kind," Cotgr. 

BOTE, Bute, s. 1. Help ; advantage ; E. 
boot, Doug. 2. Compensation ; satisfac- 
tion ; Acts Pari. pass. — A.S. bote, id., 
from bet-an, emendare, restaurare ; Belg. 
boete, a fine, a penalty. 

Kin-bote, compensation, or " assithment for 
the slaughter of a kinsman ;" Skene, Verb. 
Sign. — A.S. cyn, cognatio, and bote. 

Man-bote, the compensation fixed by the 
law for killing a man, according to the 
rank of the person. Ib. — A.S. man-bot, id. 

Theift-bote, compensation made to the king 
for theft. Reg. Maj. 

To BOTHER, r. n. To make many words. 

BOTHER, s. The act of teasing or rally- 
ing, by dwelling on the same subject, S. 

To BOTHER, Bather, r. a. To teaze one 
by dwelling on the same subject, or by 
continued solicitation, S. Perhaps the 
same with E. Pother. 

BOTHIE, Booth, Buith, s. A shop made 
of boards ; either fixed or portable, S. 
Douglas. — Hence the Luckenbooths of 
Edinburgh, wooden shops, made for being 
locked up. Teut. boede, bode, domuncula, 
casa, Kilian ; Su.G. bod, taberna merca- 
torum, apotheca ; Isl. bud, id. V. Lucken. 

BOTHIE, Boothie, s. 1. A cottage ; often 
used to denote a place where labouring 
servants are lodged, S. Neill. 2. It 
sometimes denotes a wooden hut. Ja- 
cobite Relics. — Su.G. bod, a house, a cot- 
tage ; Gael, bothag, bothan, a cot. 

BOTHIE-MAN, s. Equivalent to E. hind, 
and borrowed from the circumstance of 
hinds inhabiting bothies, Berths. 

BOTHNE, Bothene, s. 1. A park in which 
cattle are fed and enclosed. Skene. 2. 
A barony, lordship, or sheriffdom. Assis. 
Reg. Dae. — L.B. bothena, baronia, aut 

BOTINYS, 5. P l. Buskins ; Gl. Sibb.— Fr. 
botine, cothurnus. V. Bolting. 




BOTION, 8. Botching, Dunifr. Mayne's 
Siller Gun. 

make up straw into small parcels, bottles, 
or u-indlins, S. Battle is the pron. of 
Loth.— Fr. botel-er, to make into bundles. 

BOTTLE-NOSE, s. A species of whale, S. 
Orkn. Statist. Ace. 

* BOTTOM, s. The breech ; the seat in the 
human body, S. V. Boddum. 

BOTTOM-ROOM, s. The name vulgarly 
given to the space occupied by one sitter 
in a church, S. When one's right to a 
single seat is expressed, it is said that 
one "has a bottom-room in this or that 
pew." The Provost. 

BOTTREL,adj. Thick and dwarfish, Aberd. 

BOTTREL, ». A thickset, dwarfish person, 
ibid. — Fr. bouterolle, the shape of a scab- 
bard, the tip that strengthens the end of 
it ; Isl. but-r, truncus, but-a, truncare. 

BOTWAND, s. Perhaps a rod of autho- 
rity or power ; from Germ, bot, power, 
and wand, a rod. Or boticand may be 
the rod of a messenger, from A.S. ; Su.G. 
bod, a message ; A.S. bod-ian ; Su.G. 
bod-a, nuntiare. — In ancient times, among 
the Gothic nations, when the men cap- 
able to bear arms were summoned to at- 
tend their general, a messenger was sent, 
who with the greatest expedition was 
to carry a rod through a certain district, 
and to deliver it in another ; and so on, 
till all quarters of the country were 
warned. This rod had certain marks cut 
on it, which were often unknown to the 
messenger, but intelligible to the princi- 
pal persons to whom he was sent. These 
marks indicated the time and place of 
meeting. The rod was burnt at the one 
end, and had a rope affixed to the other ; 
as intimating the fate of those who should 
disobey the summons, that their houses 
should be burnt, and that they should 
themselves be hanged. This was called, 
Su.G. budkafie, from bud, a message, and 
kafle, [S. cavel] a rod. The Croistara, or 
fire-cross, anciently sent round through 
the Highlands, was a signal of the same 
BOUCHT, Bought, s. A curvature, or bend- 
ing of any kind, S. " The bought of the 
arm," the bending of the arm at the el- 
bow. Journ. Loud. Where the sea forms 
a sort of bay, it is said to have a bought, 
S. Bight, E. — A.S. bogeht, arcuatus, 
crooked ; bug-an, to bend ; Germ, bug, 
sinus ; bucht, curvatura litoris, Wachter. 
To BOUCHT, Bought, v. a. To fold down, 
S.— Isl. bukt-a; Teut. buck-en, flectere, 
curvare. Hence, 
blanket laid across a feather-bed, and 
tucked up under it on both sides to pre- 
vent it from spreading out too much, as 
well as to secure the occupier of the bed 


against the chillness of the tick, or any 
dampness contracted by the feathers, S. ; 
called also a Bindinq-Blanket. 
BOUCHT-KNOT, «. A running knot ; one 
that can easily be loosed, in consequence 
of the cord being doubled, S. 
BOUCHT, Bought, Bucht, Bught, s. LA 
small pen, usually put up in the corner of 
the fold, into which it was customary to 
drive the ewes when they were to be 
milked ; also called ewe-bucht, S. Dou- 
glas. 2. A house in which sheep are en- 
dosed, Lanarks. ; an improper sense. Stat. 
Ace. 3. A square seat in a church ; a 
table-seat, S. Bucht-seat, id., Aberd. — 
Teut. bocht, bucht, septum, septa, inter- 
septum, sepimentum clausum. 

To BOUCHT, Bought, v. a. 1. To enclose 
in a fold ; properly ewes for milking, S. ; 
formed from the s. Boss. 2. To enclose 
by means of a fence or for shelter, Renfr. 

BOUCHT-CURD. The droppings of the 
sheep that frequently fall into the milk- 
pail, but are taken out by the ewe-milkers, 

BOUCHTING-TIME, Boughting-Time, s. 
That time in the evening when the ewes 
are milked. Herd's Coll. 

To BOUFF, v. a. To beat, Fife. It seems 
merely a variety of Buff, f>. a. V. Boof. 

To BOUFF, Bowf, r. n. 1. To bark, Loth. 
Aberd. Applied to the hollow sound 
made by a large dog, Fife ; syn. Wouff 
and Youff. This is opposed to Yaffing, 
which denotes the barking of a small 
dog. 2. To cough loud, Aberd. It is 
often conjoined with the v. to Host. 

BOUFF, Bowf, g. 1. The act of barking, 
2. A loud cough, Aberd. 

BOUGARS, s. pi. Cross spars, forming 
part of the roof of a cottage, used instead 
of laths, on which wattling or twigs are 
placed, and above these divots, and then 
the straw or thatch, S. Chr. Kirk. — 
Lincolns. bulkar, a beam ; Dan. biaelke, 
pi. bielcker, beams. Su.G. bialke, a small 
rafter, tigillum, in Westro-Goth. is writ- 
ten bolkur. 

BOUGAR-STAKES, s. pi. The lower part 
of couples, or rafters, that were set on the 
ground in old houses, Teviotd. V. Bou- 

BOUGAR-STICKS, Strong pieces of 
wood fixed to the couples, or rafters, of a 
house by wooden pins. 

BOUGE. Bougis,pl. Perhaps some kind 
of coffers or boxes, like Fr. bougette, from 
bouge, a budget, or great pouch.— Teut. 
boeqie, bulga. 

BOUGER, s. A sea-fowl and bird of pas- 
sage of the size of a pigeon, found in St. 
Kilda and the other Western Isles, where 
it is called Coulterneb. Martin's St. Kil- 
da. — Perhaps from Isl. bugr, curvatura, 
as the upper jaw is crooked at the point. 


BOUGHT, t. The name given to a fishing- 
line in Shetland of about fifty fathoms. — 
Dan. bugt, a winding, the line being so 
termed from its forming a coil on being 
wound up. V. Boucht, a curvature. 

BOUGHTIE, Bughtie, s. A twig ; dim. 
of E. Bough, Ayrs. Picken. 

BOUGIE, s. A bag made of sheep-skin, 
Shetl— Moes.G. balg ; Su.G. baelg, uter. 

BOUGUIE, s. A posy ; a nosegay, Ayrs. 
— Fr. bouquet, id. 

BOUK, s. A lie made of cows' dung and 
stale urine or soapy water, in which foul 
linen is steeped, in order to its being 
cleansed or whitened, S. Perhaps ori- 
ginally from A.S. buce ; Isl. buk-ur, ven- 
ter, alvus, from the lie being composed of 
animal excrements ; for iu Teut. buyck-en, 
lintea lixivio purgare, retains the precise 
form of buyek, venter. As, however, linens 
are frequently beat with a wooden mallet 
to be cleansed, others have derived this 
word from Su.G. buck-a ; Belg. beuck-en, 
to beat or strike. 

BOUKING- WASHING, Boukit-washing, 
s. The great annual purification of the 
family linen by means of this lie, S. 
Heart Mid-Loth. 

BOUCKING, s. The quantity of clothes 
bucked at one time. Hogg's Brownie of 

To BOUK, r. a. To steep foul linen in lie 
of this kind. To bouk claise, S. Glen- 

BOUK, Buik, s. 1. The trunk of the body, 
as distinguished from the head or ex- 
tremity, S. A bouk of tauch, all the tal- 
low taken out of an ox or cow, S. Germ. 
bauch von talge, id. A bouk louse, one 
that has been bred about the body. — Teut. 
beuck, truncus corporis. 2. The whole 
body of a man, or carcass of a beast, S. 
Douglas. 3. The body, as contradis- 
tinguished from the soul. B. Bruce. 4. 
Size, stature, S. bulk; Boukth, bulk, Gl. 
Lancash. /. JYicol. 5. The greatest 
share, the principal part, S. Cleland. 
6. The whole of any bale, cask, or as- 
sortment of goods. 

To Break Buik. To open goods and use a 
portion of them. Aberd. Reg. 

To BOUK, p. n. To bulk, S. Hence, 

BOUKIT, Bowkit, Bowked, part. jsa. 1. 
Large, bulky ; S. Douglas. 2. Boukit 
and muckle-boukit are used in a peculiar 
sense ; as denoting the appearance which 
a pregnant woman makes, after her shape 
begins to alter. 

Little-Boukit, part. adj. 1. Small in 
size ; puny, S. 2. Thin ; meagre, S. 3. 
Of little consideration, regard, or conse- 
quence ; applied to persons only, Aberd. 

Muckle-Boukit, part. adj. 1. Large in 
size, S. 2. Denoting the appearance which 
a pregnant woman makes, &c. — Bouky, 
may be originally the same with Su.G. 



bukig, obesus, qui magnum abdomen ha- 

BOUKSUM, Buksum, Bouky, adj. l.Of 
the same sense with Boukit, S. Poems 
Buchan Dialect. 2. Honourable ; pos- 
sessing magnitude in a moral sense. R. 

BOUKE, s. A solitude. Sir Gaican and 
Sir Gal. — A.S. buce, secessus, " a soli- 
tary and secret place," Somner. 

BOUL, Bool, Bule, s. 1. Any thing that 
is of a curved form ; as, " the boot of the 
arm," when it is bent, i. e. the curvature; 
synon. bought, S. 2. The round holes in 
scissors in which the thumb and finger 
are put, &c. V. Bools. 3. A semicircu- 
lar handle ; as that of a bucket or pot, 
&c, S. 

BOUL o' a Pint-stoup, Bool of a Tea-kettle; 
the handle of either of these vessels. To 
come to the hand like the boul o' a pint- 
stoup, a proverbial expression, indicating 
any thing that takes place as easily and 
agreeably as the handle of a drinking 
vessel comes to the hand of a tippler. 
Gl. Antiquary. 

BOULDEN, part. pa. Swelled ; inflated. 


BOULE, "Round," Rudd. Douglas.— 
Teut. bol, tumidus, turgidus ; or boghel, 
beughd, curvatura semicircularis, from 
bogli-en, arcuare. 

BOULE, s. A clear opening in the clouds 
in a dark, rainy day, prognosticating fair 
weather ; a gap ; a break. — C.B. bolch 
and btvlch, a break, a breach ; or perhaps 
a peculiar use of Boal, Bole, a perfora- 

BOULENA. A sea cheer, signifying, Hale 
up the bowlings. Complaynt S. 

BOULENE, s. The same with E. boidine. 
A rope fastened to the middle part of the 
outside of a sail. Complaynt S. — Sw. 
bog-Una, id. from bog flexus. 

BOULTELL RAINES. Bridle-reins of 
some kind. — Perhaps from O.Fr. boulletie, 
combat, joute ; q. such reins as were used 
in tournaments. 

BOUN, Boune, Bown, adj. Ready, pre- 
pared, S. Barbour. — Bone is used in the 
same sense, O.E. — Su.G. bo, bo-a, to pre- 
pare, to make ready ; Isl. bu-a, id. Boeh 
or boin is the part. pa. 

To BOUN, Bown, v. a. 1. To make ready, 
to prepare. Wallace. 2. To go, to di- 
rect one's course to a certain place. Sir 

BOUND, Bund, part. pa. Pregnant. 
Douglas. — Germ, entbund-en, to deliver, 
entbunden, brought to bed ; literally un- 

BOUNDE, s. Meaning doubtful. Act. 
Dom. Cone. 

To BOUNDER, v. a. To limit ; to set 
boundaries to, Roxb. — L.B. bon-are, bund- 
are, metas figere. 




To BOUNT, 8. n. To spring, to bound- 
Fr. bovd-ir, id. Buret. 

BOUNTE, s. Worth, goodness. Barhoiu 
— Fr. bonte, id. 

BOUNTETH, Bountith, s. 1. Something 
given as a reward for service or good 
offices. Watson's Coll. 2. It now gen- 
erally signifies what is given to servants, 
in addition to their wages, S ; bounties, 
S.B. Ramsay. — Gael, bunntais, seems 
merely a corr. of this word. 

BOUNTREE, s. Common elder. V. Bour- 


BOUNTREE-BERRIES, s. pi. The fruit 
of the elder, from which elderberry wine 
is made, S.A. 

BOUR, Boure, s. A chamber ; sometimes 
a retired apartment, such as ladies were 
wont to possess in ancient times. Dou- 
glas. — A.S. bur, hire, conclave, an inner 
chamber, a parlour, a bower. — Teut. buer, 
id. Dan. buur, conclave, Su.G. Isl. bur, 
habitaculum. — Isl. jungfrubur, gynae- 
ceum, ubi olim filiae familias habitabant ; 
literally, the young lady's bower. Hence 
bour-bourding, jesting in a lady's cham- 
ber, Pink. 

BOURACH, Bowrock, Boorick, s. 1 . An 
enclosure ; applied to the little houses 
that children build for play, especially 
those made in the sand, S. Kelly. " We'll 
never big sandy boicrocls together." S. 
Prov. Kelly. 2. A small knoll, as dis- 
tinguished from a brae, Selkirks. Hogg. 
3. A shepherd's hut, Galloway. 4.' A 
small heap of stones, Clydes. V. Borra. 
5. A confused heap of any kind, S.B. 
Such a quantity of body-clothes as is 
burdensome to the wearer, is called a 
bourach of claise, Ang. Statist. Ace. 6. 
A crowd, a ring, a circle, S.B. Poems 
Buchan Dialect. 7. A cluster, as of 
trees, S. Ferguson. — A.S. beorh, burg, 
an enclosure, a heap ; Su.G. borg. 

BOURACH'D, Burracii'd, part. pa. En- 
closed, environed, S.B. Boss. 

To BOURACH, r. re. To crowd together 
confusedly, or in a mass, S.; syn. Crowdle. 

BOURACH, Borracii, s. A baud put 
round a cow's hinder legs at milking, S. 
Gael, buarach. 

BOURBEE, s. The spotted Whistle fish, 
S. Sihbald. 

To BOURD, r. h. To jest, to mock, S. 
Ramsay. — Fr. bourd-er, id. But this 
seems to be merely an abbrev. of bthourd- 
ir, bohord-er, to joust together with lances. 
Bohord, behord, is originally a Gothic 
word, as being used by old Northern 

BOURD, Boure, s. 1. A jest, a scoff, S. 
Kelly. Hoidate. 2. In " Gordon's His- 
tory of the Earls of Sutherland" it is used 
to denote a fatal encounter, called the 
Bourd of Brechen. 

BOURIE, s. A hole made in the earth by 

rabbits, or other animals that hide them- 
selves there ; E. a burrow. Monroe. — 
From the same origin with Bourach. 

BOURTREE, Boretree, Bountree, s. 
Common elder, a tree ; Sambucus nigra, 
Linn. ; A.Bor. Burtree. Lightfoot. — It 
seems to have received its name from its 
being hollow within, and thence easily 
bored by thrusting out the pulp. 

BOURTREE-BUSH, s. A shrub of elder. 
Liqlits and Shadows. 

BOURTREE, Bountry-gux, s. A small 
air-gun made of a twig of elder with the 
pith taken out : a pellet of wet paper 
being forced up the tube, and another put 
in and pushed up towards it, the com- 
pressed air between the two drives out 
the first with an explosion. Blackw. Mag. 

BOUSCHE, s. The sheathing of a wheel. 
V. Bush. 

BOUSHTY,s. Expl."bed." Aberd. Shir- 
refs. — The same with Buisty, q. v. 

BOUSTER, s. The bolster of a bed, S. V. 


BOUSTOUR, Bowstowre, s. A military 
engine, anciently used for battering walls. 
Wyntown. — Su.G. byssa, bossa, signifies a 
mortar, an engine for throwing bombs ; 
Bombarda, Hire ; formerly byssor ; from 
byssa, theca, a box, or case ; because in 
these tubes, as in cases, bullets are lodged. 

BOUSUM, Bowsom, adj. 1. Pliant, trac- 
table. Palice of Honour. — A.S. bocsum, 
buhsum, obediens, tractabilis, from bug-an, 
Belg. buyg-en, flectere. 2. " Blythe, 
merry," Rudd. 

To BOUT, Bowt, r. n. To spring, to leap, 
S. " bouted up" Rudd. vo. upboltit. Ross. 
Lyndsay. — Teut. botten, op-bott-en, to re- 
bound, resilire. 

BOUT, s. A sudden jerk in entering or 
leaving an apartment ; a hasty entrance 
or departure ; the act of coming upon 
one by surprise ; S. 

BOUT, s. 1 . The extent of ground mowed, 
while the labourer moves straight for- 
ward ; the rectangle included in the 
length of the field to be mowed, and 
the sweep of the scythe, S. 2. Corn or 
hay, when cut by the scythe, and lying 
in rows, is said to be " lying in the bout," 
Mearns. 3. The act of going once round 
in ploughing, S.B. Agr. Surv. Intern. 
4. As much thread, or anything similar, 
as is wound on a clew, while the clew is 
held in one position, S. — Fr. bout, a term 
denoting extent, or the extremity of any- 

BOUT-CLAITH, g. Cloth of a thin tex- 
ture. The name is probably borrowed 
from the primary use of the cloth in bolt- 
ing or boulting Hour. — From Fr. blut-er, 
contraction from belut-er, to bolt. 

BOUTEFEU,s. An incendiary. Guthry's 
Mem. If not from bout-er, to push for- 
ward, perhaps from Su.G. bot-a, reparare ; 



A.S. bet-an, whence a word of similar 
formation with Boute-feu Fyrbeta, a ser- 
vant who lias charge of the fire. 

BOUTGATE, s. 1. A circuitous road, a 
way which is not direct, S. from about, 
and gait way. Ross. 2. A circumven- 
tion, a deceitful course, S. R. Bruce. 
3. An ambiguity, or an equivocation, in 
discourse. Bp. Forbes. 

BOUTOCK, s. A square piece of coarse 
cloth for covering one's shoulders, Orkn. 
— Dan. bow,Su.G.bog, denotes the shoulder 
of an animal, and Isl. tog, the coarser part 
of a fleece. Or Norw. b'oete, a lap or frag- 
ment of cloth. 

BOUVRAGE, s. Drink ; beverage.— Fr. 

BOUZY, Bowsie, Boozy, adj. 1. Covered 
with bushes ; wooded, Roxb. 2. Having 
a bushy appearance ; commonly applied 
to animals that are covered with hair or 
wool. Remains Kith. Song. 3. Branchy; 
spreading ; applied to trees, &c, which 
have a spreading, umbrageous head, La- 
narks. 4. Big; swelling; distended; ex- 
panded, Loth. 5. Fat and overgrown, 
having at the same time a jolly, good- 
humoured appearance. This term may 
be merely a corr. of Bushy, or the more 
ancient, Boskti. — Sw. busk'uj, id. 

BOUZY-LIKE* adj. Having the appear- 
ance of distension or largeness of size. 
A pregnant woman whose shape is con- 
siderably altered, is said to be grown 
bouzy-like, Loth. 

BOW,s. Aboil ; a dry measure, S. Monroe. 

BOW, Boll, Lintbow, s. The globule 
which contains the seed of flax. Bow is 
the pron. S. Pol wart. — Germ, boll, id. 
oculus et gemma plantae, caliculus ex 
quo flos erumpit ; Wachter. 

BOW, Bowe, .«. 1. The herd in general; 
whether enclosed in a fold or not. Dou- 
glas. 2. A fold for cows, S. Bannatyne 
Poems. — Su.G. bo, bu, either the herd or 
the flock ; armenta, pecora, grex ; Dan. 
boe, a shed, booth, or stall. 

BOW, s. As applied to a house. V. Boo. 

BOW, s. The curve or bending of a street, 
S. " At the upper or northern end of the 
West-bow street, stands the public Weigh- 
house." Mankind's Hist. Edin. 

BOW, s. A rude instrument of bent wil- 
low, formerly used for an ox-collar, 
Aberd. — Belg. boei, a shackle ; Teut. 
boghel, numella, a yoke or collar, from 
boghe, a bow. 

BOW, s. 1. An arch, a gateway, S. Knox. 
2. The arch of a bridge, S. Muses Thre- 
nodie. — Teut. boghe, id. arcus, concame- 
ratio ; from bogh-en, flectere ; A.S. bog-a, 
" An arch of a bridge or other building ;" 

BOW-BRIG, p. An arched bridge ; as dis- 
tinguished from one formed of planks, or 
of long stones laid across the wa ter, Aberd. 


BO W-HOUGH'D, adj. Bow-legged, Aberd. 

BOW-HOUGHS, s. pi. Crooked legs, 

BOW-KAIL, s. Cabbage, S. So called from 
the circular form of this plant. For the 
same reason its Belg. name is buyskool. 

BOW-KAIL, adj. Of or belonging to cab- 
bage, S. Burns. 

BOW-STOCK, .9. Cabbage. " A bastard 
may be as good as a bow-stock, by a time;" 
S. Prov. Kelly. 

BOW-SAW, s. A thin and very narrow 
saw, fixed in a frame, and used for cut- 
ting figured work, S. — Teut. boghe-saghe, 
serrula arcuaria. 

BO W ALAND, part. pr. Making to bulge, 
Aberd. Reg. — Teut. buyl-en, protuberare. 

BO WALL, s. A square aperture in the 
wall. Aberd. Reg. V. Boal. 

BO WAND, adj. Crooked. Douglas.— A.S. 
buqend, id. 

BO WAT. s. A hand-lantern. V. Bowet. 

BOWBARD, s. A dastard, a person desti- 
tute of spirit. Douglas. — Teut. boeverjt, 
nequitia. Or, shall we rather view it as 
originally the same with Bumbart, q. v. ? 

BOWBERT, adj. Lazy, inactive. Douglas. 

BOW'D, Bovt'^part. adj. Crooked. Burns. 

BOWDDUMYS, s. pi. Bottoms. Aberd. 

BOWDEN, part. pa. Swollen. V. Boldin. 

BOWDING,s. Swelling. MelvilVsMS. V. 

BOWELHIVE, s. An inflammation of the 
bowels, to which children are subject, S. 
V. Hive, t. Pennecuik. 

BOWEN, s. A broad shallow dish made 
of staves, for holding milk, Perths. 

BOWER, ?. A bowmaker, S.; bowyer, E. 
Acts Cha. I. 

BOWERIQUE, s. Improper spelling of 
Bourick, or Bourach, q. v. Remains 
Kith. Song. 

BOWES and Billes. A phrase used by 
the English, in former times, for giving 
an alarm in their camp or military quar- 
ters ; q. " To your bows and battleaxes." 

BOWET, Bow at, .«. 1. A hand-lantern, 
S. Bowit. A.Bor. Apb. Hamiltoun. 2. 
Metaph. transferred to the moon, as sup- 
plying light to those who were engaged 
in nocturnal adventures. Hence, Macfar- 
lane's Boteat. Waverley. — Perhaps from 
Fr. bougette, a little coffer ; if not allied 
to bougie, a small wax-candle ; or, boete, 
boi'tte, boite, a small box. 

BOWGER, s. The puffin, or coulter-neb, a 
bird ; Alca arctica, Linn. Martin. 

BOWGLE,?. A wild ox, a buffalo. "Beu-gle, 
or bugle, a bull, Hants." Grose. Dunbar. 
— La't. bucul-us, a young ox. Hence 

BOWIE, s. 1. A small barrel or cask, 
open at one end ; S. Ferguson. 2. It 
denotes a small tub for washing, S. 3. 



It also sometimes signifies a milk-pail, S. 
Ramsay. 4. A water-bucket with an iron 
or wooden bow-handle. — Fr. bide, a water- 
pot or pitcher, Cotgr. Hence, 
BOWIEFU', s. 1. the fill of a small tub, 
S. J. Nicof. 2. The fill of a broad 
shallow dish ; properly one for holding 
milk. Hogg. 
BOWIK, s. The carcass of a beast. Aberd. 

Reg. V. Bo uk, Buik. 
BOVVIN. To take a farm in a boirin, to 
take a lease of a farm in grass, with the 
live stock on it ; the stock still remaining 
the property of the landholder, or person 
who lets it, Ayrs. — Isl. buin, paratus, 
" in a state of preparation," the land 
being under cultivation, and stocked ; or 
from Su.G. bo, bu, cattle, whence, S. 
bowe, the herd; also a fold for cattle. 
. V. Steel-bow. 

BOW1T, part. pa. Secured ; enlisted. Per- 
haps a metaph. use of Teut. bowet, ghe- 
bowet, aedificatus ; q. built in or incorpo- 
rated in the same band. 
BOWIT and SCHAFFIT. Provided with 
bows and arrows. Pari. Ja. I. Schaf- 
fit is evidently from schafe, i. e., a sheaf 
of arrows. 
To BOWK, t. n. To retch ; to puke, Roxb. 

V. Bok, Bock. 
BOWKE, s. Bulk. Hence, 
To Brek Bowke. To break bulk ; to sell, 
remove, or make use of any part of a 
package, &c, of goods. V. Bouk, Buik. 
To BOWL, v. a. and n. To boil ; the vul- 
gar pron. of Fife and some other counties. 
BOWL of a Pint-stoup. V. Boul, s. 
To BOWL, v. n. To crook, Dumfr. Bow- 
land (below) is the part. pr. of this r. 
BOWLAND, part. adj. Hooked, crooked. 
Douglas. — Teut. boghel-en, arcuare. Bow- 
land is just the part. pr. boghelend, contr. 
BOWLDER-STANE, s. A name given by 
road-makers to large, single stones found 
in the earth, Perths. V. Bullet-stane. 
BOWLED-LIKE, adj. Crooked-like, or 
bowed, Selkirks. Hogg. — Dan. boeyel, 
crookedness, boyelig, flexible. 
BOWLER, s. A kettle or boiler, Fife. 
This approaches to the sound of Fr. 
bouill-ir; Hisp. bull-ir ; Goth, bull-a, id. 
BOWLIE, Boolie, adj. Crooked, de- 
formed ; Buolie-backit, humpbacked ; 
sometimes applied to one whose shoul- 
ders are very round, S. Gait. — Germ. 
bucMig, Dan. bugelt, id. from bugle, a 
bunch or hump ; and this from bug-en, 
to bend ; Dan. boe yel, crookedness, boeye- 
lig, flexible. V. Beugle-backed. 
BOWLIE, s. A term of derision for a per- 
son who is bow-legged, Dumfr. 
BOWLOCHS, s. pi. Ragweed, Senecio ja- 

cobaea, Wigtons. — Gael, buaghallan, id. 
BOWLS, s. pi. A name commonly given 
to the games of Taw, &c, which are 
played with small bowls called Marbles. 


To BOWN, r. a. To make ready. V- 
Boun, r. 

BOWRUGIE,s. Burgess ; the third estate 
in a Parliament or Convention ; in re- 
semblance of Fr. bourgeois. Wallace. 

BOWS, s. pi. To take one through the 
Bows, to call one to a severe reckoning, 
Aberd. In allusion, perhaps, to the pun- 
ishment of the stocks. — Teut. boeye, com- 
pes, vinculum pedis. 

BOWS, 8. pi. An old name for sugar-tongs 

BOWS of Lint. V. Bow, Boll. 

BOWSIE, adj. Crooked, S.— Fr. bossu, id. 

BOWS IE, s. A designation given in ridi- 
cule to a crooked person, Dumfr. 

BOWSIE, adj. Large ; bushy. V. Bouzy. 

BOWSTAR, Bouster, s. The bolster of a 
bed, S. Bowster, Aberd. Reg. 

BOWSTING, s. Apparently a 'pole to be 
used as a bow. Aberd. Reg. V. Sting. 

BOWSUNES, s. Obedience.' Wyntown — 
A.S. bocsumnesse, obedientia. V. Bousum. 

BOWT, s. 1. A bolt, a shaft ; in general. 
C/iron. S. Poet. 2. A thunderbolt, S. 
Ross. 3. An iron bar. Inventories. 

BOWT, s. Boict of worsted ; as much 
worsted as is wound upon a clew while it 
is held in one position. Aberd. Reg. V. 

BOWTING CLAITH, s. Cloth of a thin 
texture. V. Boutclaith. 

To BOX, r. a. To wainscot, to panel walls 
with wood, S. 

BOXING, s. Wainscoting; Sir J.Sinclair, 
p. 170, S. 

BOX-BED, s. 1. Abed having the sides 
and top of wood, with swo sliding panels 
for doors, S. 2. It also denotes a bed in 
the form of a scrutoire,or chest of drawers, 
in which the bed-clothes, &c, are folded 
up during the day, S.; called also a Bu- 

BOX-DRAIN, s. A drain in which the 
stones are carefully laid, so that there 
may be a regular opening for the water, 

BRA, Brae, Bray, s. 1. The side of a 
hill, an acclivity, S. Barbour. 2. The 
bank of a river, S. Breea, A.Bor. id. 
3. A hill, S. Ross. 4. Conjoined with 
a name, it denotes the upper part of a 
country ; as " Bra-mar, Bra-Cat, the 
Braes of Angus ; S. Sir J. Sinclair. — 
To gae down the brae, metaph. to be in a 
declining state, in whatever sense ; to 
have the losing side, S. Baillie's Lett. — 
C.B. bre, a mountain, pi. breon, bryn ; 
Gael, bre, bri, brigh, a hill. Isl. braa, ci- 
lium, the brow ; whence augnabraa, the 
eyebrow ; and bratt signifies steep, hav- 
ing an ascent. 

BRA', adj. Fine ; handsome ; pleasant ; 

worthy. V. Braw. 
To BRA, v. n. 1. To bray. 2. To make a 
loud and disagreeable noise. Douglas. 




BRAAL, 8. A fragment. a There's nae 
a braal to the fore," There is not a frag- 
ment remaining, Ang. 

BRABBLACH, s. The refuse of any- 
thing ; as of corn, meat, &c. Fife. — 
Gael, prabal, id. 

BRACE, s. 1. A chimney-piece, a mantel- 
piece, S. Train. 2. A chimney made of 
straw and clay, Ettr. For. V. Bress. 
3. Window-brace, that part of a window 
on which the sash rests, S. 

BRACE-PIECE, s. The mantel-piece. 

To BRACEL, r. n. 1. To advance hastily 
and with noise, Ettr. For. 2. To gallop, 
ibid. Synon. Breessil, q. v. 

BRACHE,s. Rate ofbr ache; source of dis- 
sension. Keith's Hist. — Fr. breche,bre&ch. 

BRACHELL, s. A dog ; properly, one 
employed to discover or pursue game by 
the scent. Brache is used in the same 
sense. Wallace. — Alem. brak ; Germ. 
brack, id. canis venaticus, forte investi- 
gator ; O.Fr. brachez. Verel. expl. Isl. 
rakke, canis, deriving it from racka, 
frakka, cursitare. 

BRACHEN, (gutt.) Braikin, Brecken, s. 
The female fern. Pteris aquilina, Linn. 
Burns. In Smoland in Sweden, the fe- 
male fern is called bracken ; Sw. stot- 
braakin, id. In is a termination in Gothic, 
denoting the female gender ; as caflin, 
an old woman, q. a female carl. 

Royal Brachens, s. pi. The flowering 
fern, S. Osmunda regalis, Linn. ; or 
rather Pteris aquilina. Lightfoot. 

BRACK, s. A stripe of uncultivated 
ground between two shots, or plots of 
land, Roxb. Bauk synon. — Teut. braeck, 
barren, braeck-liggen, to lie uncultivated. 

BRACK, s. As said 's brack, that is, as 
salt as brack; used to denote what is 
very salt, but confined to liquids or sor- 
bile food, Fife, Dunifr. — Isl.breke,the sea. 

BRACK, s. LA quantity of snow or 
earth shooting from a hill. 2. A flood, 
when the ice breaks in consequence of a 
thaw. 3. A sudden and heavy fall of 
rain, Ettr. For. — Allied to Isl. brak-a, 
strepo, strepito ; or Teut. braecke, fractura. 

BRACKS, s. A disease of sheep. V. 

BRAD, part. pa. Roasted. V. next word. 

To BRADE, r. a. To roast. Sir Gaican 
and Sir Gal. — A.S. braed-an,id.braedde, 

To BRADE, Braid, r. n. 1. To move 
quickly, to take long steps in rapid suc- 
cession. Douglas. 2. To spring, to start. 
Gawan and Gol. 3. To break out, to 
issue with violence. Douglas. 4. To 
draw out quickly ; used actively, espe- 
cially with respect to the unsheathing or 
brandishing of a sword, or other weapon 
of this kind. Wallace. — Isl. braad-a, ac- 
celerare. At bregd-a srerde, gladium 

evaginare vel stringere.— A.S. braed-an, 

exerere, stringere. 
BRADE, Braide, s. A start, a spring, a 

quick motion of the body. Dunbar. — Isl. 

breqd, versura. 
BRADE, adj. ; S. V. Braid. 
To BRADE, Braid, v. a. To attack, to as- 
sault ; Rudd. — Isl. bregd-a marine nidur, 

sternere virum. 
To BRADE, Braid, t. a. To turn round. 

Gawan and Gol. — Isl. bregd-a, vertere. 
To BRADE, Braid, Brede, Breed, v.ii. 

1. To resemble, to be like in manners ; 
especially as denoting that similarity 
which characterizes the same stock or 
family ; with the prep, of; as, " Ye breed 
o' the gowk (cuckoo,) ye have ne'er a 
rime but ane," S. Prov. 2. To appear, 
to be manifest. Dunbar. — Isl. bregd-a, 
bregth-a, Su.G. braa, denote the resem- 
blance of children, in dispositions, to their 
progenitors. Bregdur bami til aettar, 
progenitoribus suis quisque fere similis 

To BRADE, Braid up, r. a. "To braid 
tip the head, to toss it as a high-mettled 
horse does, or to carry it high. Dunbar. 
— A.S. bred-an, Belg. breyd-en, to extend. 

BRAE-FACE, s. The front or slope of a 
hill, S. 

BRAE-HAG, s. ) The overhanging bank 

BRAE-HAULD, s. \ which has been un- 
dermined by a river, Roxb. — Dan. hald, 
a decline, a steepness, a declivity ; Su.G. 
haell-a; Isl. hall-a, inclinare ; whence 
E. heel ; as, "the ship heels.'" 

BRAE-HEAD, s. The summit of a hill, S. 

BRAE-LAIRD, Braes-laird, s. A pro- 
prietor of land on the southern declivity 
of the Grampians, S. 

BRAEMAN, s. One who dwells on the 
south side of the Grampians, S. Tarras's 
Poems. V. Brayman. 

BRAE-SHOT, s. LA quantity of earth 
that has fallen from a steep, Lanarks. 

2. A large sum of money, &c, to which 
one unexpectedly becomes heir ; " He 's 
gotten an awfu' brae-shot" Lanarks. — 
From S. brae, and shot, corresponding 
with Teut. schot, ejectamentum, id quod 

BRAE-SIDE, Brae-Syd, s. The declivity 
of a hill, S. Pitscottie. 

BRAEIE, Brayie, adj. Sloping ; hilly ; 
declivous, S. 

BRAENGEL, s. A confused crowd, S. 
St. Patrick. Nearly synon. with Bran- 
gill, q. v. 

To BRAG, v. a. 1. To reproach, to up- 
braid. Buddiman. 2. To defy, S.B. 
To do or say anything in defiance of 
others, S. A boy climbing a tree, or the 
like, is said to do it to brag his companions. 
Morison. — Su.G. brigd-a, exprobrare ; 
Isl. bregd-a, opprobrare. 



BRAGINGjS. Boasting. Gawanand Gol. 
BRAGGIR,s. The broad leaves of the 

Alga marina. Martin's West. Isl. 
BRAGWORT, Bregwort, s. Mead, a 
beverage made from the refuse of honey, 
boiled up with water, and sometimes 
with malt, Fife, Roxb. Dumfr. — Braggot, 
Gl. Lancash. C.B. braqod, id. 

To BRAY, r. a. 1. To press ; to squeeze. 
2. To push ; to shove, Aberd. 

BRAY, s. A squeeze, Aberd. 

BRAID, s. Twist or plaiting.— A.S. bred- 
an, plectere, to knit, to plait. 

BRAID, s. The cry of a child when newly 
born. Spottisic. MS. Diet. 

BRAID, s. Assault, aim to strike. Dou- 
glas. — It is used in a similar sense, O.E. 
— Isl. bregd, nisus, an attempt, an exer- 

To BRAID up the burde ; marked as used 
by James I. Perhaps to put up the 
leaves of the table. 

BRAID, Brade,«W/. 1. Broad, S. Ritson. 
2. Plain, intelligible. Douglas. — Moes.G. 
Isl. braid ; A.S. bred, latus. 

BRAID, Brade, adv. Widely. Douglas. 

BRAID-BAND, Broad-Band, s. 1. Corn 
laid out, in the harvest field, on the band, 
but not bound, is said to be lying in 
braid-band, S. 2. To be laid in broad- 
band, metaph. to be fully exposed. Z. 
Boyd. To Faw Braid-band, a phrase 
used of a young woman who submits to 
dalliance without any opposition, Roxb. 

BRA IDC AST, adv. Sowing with the hand, 
as opposed to drill-sowing, S. 

BRAlDNES,s. Breadth. 

BRAIDYE ANE, s. Standing in the Braid- 
yeane, a punishment inflicted at Ayr in 
the sixteenth century ; similar to that of 
the Juggs, q. v. — Gael, braighaidain, a 
collar, from braghad, the neck. 

To BRAIK, r. ».' To retch. Lyndsay. V. 

BRAIK, s. A threat, Douglas.— Isl. 
brak-a, strepo. 

BRAIK, Break, b. An instrument used 
in dressing hemp or flax, for loosening it 
from the core, S. Watson's Coll. — Teut. 
braecke, id. malleus stuparius, vulgo lini- 

BRAIK, s. An internal mortification ; a 
disease among sheep, Aug. — Su.G. braeck, 
a defect of any kind. V. Braxy. 

BRAIKIT, adj. Speckled, S— Ir. breac, 
brek, id. 

BRAYMEN, s. pi. The name given to 
those who inhabit the southern declivity 
of the Grampian hills, S. D. Buchanan. 

BRAIN, 3. Spirit ; mettle. " He has a 
brain ;" he has a high temper, Loth. 

BRAIN, g. Voice. " A braw brain," " a 
strong brain," a powerful voice, Ang. 

To BRAIN, v. a. To hurt ; to wound ; to 
bruise ; not as in E. " to dash out the 

To BRAINDGE, Brainge, t. n. " To run 
rashly forward," S.O. Burns. To do 
anything hurriedly and carelessly. — Shall 
we view this as an oblique sense of Belg. 
brins-en, to neigh? 

BRAYNE, Brane, adj. Mad, furious. 
Douglas. — A.S. brinn-an, to burn, bren, 
bryne, fervor ; whence bryne-adl, a fever; 
Su.G. brannad, fervor, ardor. 

BRAYN-WOD, Brajse-wod, adj. l.Mad, 
in a state of insanity. Wyntown. 2. 
Acting with fury ; hurried on with the 
greatest impetuosity, South of S. V. 
Brayne and Wod. 

BRAINGE, s. Confused haste, Galloway, 

BRAINY, adj. 1. High-mettled ; unman- 
ageable ; applied to a horse, Loth. 2. 
Spirited ; lively ; applied to a man, S.O. 

To BRAINYELL, r. n. To rush up or for- 
ward headlong ; to break forth violently, 
Roxb. Hogg. — Perhaps from Isl. bran-a, 
to be hurried on, or to rush forward like 
a goat. Brainyell may, however, be 
merely a provincial pronunciation of the 
r. to Brangle. 

BRAINYELL, s. The act of rushing 
headlong, or doing anything hurriedly or 
violently, and without care, Ettr. For. 

BRAIRD,?. 1. The first sprouting of grain. 
2. Figuratively transferred to early ani- 
mal growth ; as, " That callan is a fine 
braird of a man," Clydes. V. Breer. 

BRAIRDIE, s. Abounding with sprouting 
grain. Picken. 

BRAIRDS, s. pi. The coarsest sort of flax. 
V. Breards. 

To BRAIS, v. a. To embrace. Dunbar. 
— Fr. bras, the arm, whence embrace, q. 
in arms. 

BRAIS, s. pi. Snares, gins. Douglas. — 
A.S. braegd, figmentum, braegden, fraus ; 
gebraegdas, crafts, frauds, subtile con- 
trivances ; Isl. Su.G. bragd, fraus. 

BRAISE, Braze, s. The Roach, a fish, 
S. Ure. — Sw. brazen, cyprinus brama, 
bream ; Teut. braessem, id. cyprinus 

To BRAISSIL, r. n. To work hurriedly, 
Roxb. V. Breessil. 

BRAISSIL, s. The act of working hur- 
riedly or unequally. To Work by Brais- 
sils, to work unequally, making more ex- 
ertion at one time than at another. 

BRAITH, adj. Violent, severe. Wallace. 
— Isl. Su.G. braede, ira, animi fervor. 

BRAITHFUL, Breithful, adj. Sharp, 
violent. Douqlas. 

BRAITHLY,atfr. Violently, with great 
force. Wallace. 

BRAITHLIE, adj. The same with Braith- 
ful ; or perhaps in the sense of strug- 
gling. Douglas. — Su.G. bryt-a, broti-as, 
Isl. briot-a, hictare. 

To BRAK, r. n. To break generally, S.B. 



Boss. — A.S. brac-an, id. Isl. eg braaka, 

To Brak Bread. To taste food; to eat. 
" He wadna brak bread," he would eat 
nothing, S.B. 

To Brak Out. To block out ; to cut out 
roughly, Aberd. 

To BRAK, r. n. To express great sorrow 
on any account. One says, " I'm like to 
brak," S.B.— This is probably allied to 
Isl. braelc, brek, wailing. 

BRAK, Brake, adj. Somewhat salt, 
brackish. Douglas. — Belg. brack, salsus. 

BRAK, s. Breaking up ; as, the brak of a 
storm; f/t<?6raA;ofamarket,S.B. V. Brack. 

BRAK, s. Perhaps breach, q. breaking 
forth ; or noise, uproar. — Teut. braecke, 
ruptura ; or Isl. brak, crepitus, stridor, 
fragor ; brak-a, crepare. 

BRAK-BACK, Brack-back, s. A designa- 
tion metaphorically given to the harvest- 
moon from the additional labour she oc- 
casions to reapers, Aberd. 

BRAKE, s. A large and heavy kind of 
harrow, chiefly used for breaking in 
rough ground, S. 

BRAKING, s. Puking, retching, S.B. 
Ross. — Teut. braeck-en, to vomit, braecke, 

BRAKKINS, Braks, s. pi. The remains of 
a feast, Aberd. — A.S. brecing, fractio. 

BRALD, part. pa. Decked, dressed. 
Maitland Poems.— Ft. brell-er, to glitter. 

BRAMLIN, Brammin, Brammel-worm. A 
species of speckled or striped worm, 
found on old dung-heaps in dairy farms, 
Roxb. Perhaps the same with E. brand- 

BRANCE, .«. Explanation unknown ; per- 
haps errat. for trance, or passage. 

BRANCHERS, s. pi. Young crows after 
leaving the nest, and taking to the boughs 
or branches. 

BRAND, s. The calf of the leg, Ettr. For.; 
corr. of Brawn, id. q. v. 

BRANDED, part. pa. Bordered, having 
a margin. Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. — 
Germ, braun; Isl. brun, limbus. 

BRANDED, Brannit, adj. Having a 
reddish-brown colour, as it' singed by fire. 
A branded cow is one that is almost en- 
tirely brown, S. Minstrelsy Bord. — 
Germ, braun, id. 

BRANDEN,;oart.j>a. Grilled. V. Brid. 

BRANDER, Brandretii, s. 1. A grid- 
iron. Wyntown. .2. The grated iron 
placed over the entrance of a drain or 
common sewer,Roxb. Aberd. — S.brander, 
A.S. brandred, "a brand-iron ;" Dan. 
brandrith ; Teut. brandroede, brander, 
fulcrum focarium. 

To BRANDER, v. a. To broil on a grid- 
iron, to grill, S. Sir J. Sinclair. 

BRANDER-BANNOCK, Brander'd-Ban- 
nock, s. A thick oat-cake baked on the 
gridiron ; a bannock, Aberd. 


BRANDERIS, s. pi. Frames of wood for 
supporting tables. 

BRAND Y-CLEEK, s. Palsy in the leg in 
consequence of hard drinking, Aberd. V. 

BRANDIE, s. Abbrev. designation for a 
branded cow, Roxb. 

BRANDNEW, Brent New, a phrase equi- 
valent to spick and. span, quite new, S. 
Boss. — Teut. brand new, id., from brand, 
incendium, ustio. 

BRANDRETII. V. Brander. 

BRANDUR, s. A border. V. Branded. 

BRANE, 8. Bran, the husks of corn ground. 

BRANEWOD, s. Wood for burning. 
Chr. Kirk. — A.S. bryne, incendium, and 
wiide, wood. 

BRANG, pret. of the r. Brought,S. J.Nicol. 

BRANGILL, t. A kind of dauce. Dou- 
glas. — Fr. branle, " a brawle, or daunce, 
wherein many men and women move all 
together ;" Cotgr. 

BRANGLANT, adj. Brandishing, Ayrs. 
— Fr. brandill-er, to glisten, to flash. 

To BR ANGLE, v. n. 1 . To shake, to vibrate. 
Douglas. 2. To menace, to make a 
threatening appearance. Douglas. 3. 
To shake, applied to the mind ; to con- 
found, to throw into disorder ; used 
actively. Godscroft.—Fr. branl-er, to 
shake ; Su.G. brang-as, cum labore per- 
rumpere velle. 

BRANIT, part. pa. Brawned ; a term 
formed from E. brawn, the fleshy or mus- 
culous part of the bodv. Dunbar. 

To BRANK, r. a. l.*To bridle, to re- 
strain. Godly Sangs. 2. r. n. To raise 
and toss the head, as spurning the bridle; 
applied to horses. Douglas. 3. To bridle 
up one's self. Maitland Poems. 4. To 
prance, to caper. Bamsay. — Teut. brank- 
en and proncken both signify, osten- 
tare se, dare se spectandum ; Germ. 
prang-en, id ; Su.G. prunk-a, superbire. 
Wachter gives prang-en, as also signify- 
ing, premere, coarctare. 

BRANKEN, part. pr. Gay, lively, S.A. 
J. Nicol. 

BRANKIE, adj. Gaudy ; pranked up, 
Peebles. Fife. Jacobite Belies. 

BRANKIN, p. adj. Making a great show, 
Fife ; synon. with Brankie. 

BRANKIT, p. adj. Vain ; puffed up, Aberd. 
V. Brank, v. 

BRANK-NEW, adj. Quite new, q. having 
the new gloss. St. Bonans. 

BRANKS, s. pi. 1. A sort of bridle, often 
used by country people in riding. In- 
stead of leather, it has on each side a 
piece of wood joined to a halter, to which 
a bit is sometimes added ; but more fre- 
quently a kind of wooden noose resem- 
bling a muzzle, S. Montrose's Mem. 2. 
An instrument of ecclesiastical punish- 
ment for female scolds, or those adjudged 



guilty of defamation, placed at the doors 
of churches. It is of iron, and surrounds 
the head, while a large triangular piece 
is put into the mouth. Within these few 
years, an iron bit was preserved in the 
steeple of Forfar, formerly used, in that 
very place, for torturing the unhappy 
creatures who were accused of witch- 
craft. It was called The Witch's Branks. 
Gael, br tineas, a halter. But our word 
seems originally the same with Teut. 
pranghe, muyl-pranghe, postomis, pasto- 
mis, confibula ; instrumentum quod na- 
ribus equorum imponitur ; Kilian. 3. 
Branks, I suspect, is sometimes used in 
S. as syn. with juggs or pillory. Howie. 

BRANKS, s. pi. A swelling in the chops, 
S.A.,from the compression of the parts, 
as the chops of a horse are compressed 
by the branks which he wears ; the buf- 
fets, S.B. 

BRANLIE, *. The name given to the 
Samlet in some parts of Fife ; elsewhere 
called the Par. Yorks; Branlin. V. Par. 
Branlin and Branlie are merely dimin. 
from Brand, and may have been sug- 
gested by the dark-coloured marks on 
the sides of this fish, as resembling those 
burnt by a brand-iron. 

BRANNOCK, s. The Samlet, or small fish 
generally known in S. by the name of Par. 
Branlin, Yorks. 

BRASAND, part. pr. Embracing. Dou- 
glas. — Fr. bras, the arm. 

To BRASE, Brass, r. a. To bind, to tie. 
Wallace. — Fr. embrass-er, to bind. 

BRASERIS, Brasaris, s. pi. Vambraces, 
armour for the arms. Wallace. — Fr. 
brassar, brassard, brassart,id. ; brachiale 
ferreum ; from bras, the arm, Lat. brach- 

To BRASH, Brasch, r. a. 1 . To assault ; 
to attack. Sir W. More. 2. Equivalent 
to the military phrase,'' to make a breach 
in." Pitscottie. 3. To bruise and break 
the bones ; often used by angry persons 
in threatening children, Dumfr. V. 
Bresche. — Fr. breche, a breach. Teut. 
broes-en, tempestuosum et furentem ven- 
tum spirare ; or from A.S. bereas-an, im- 
petuose proruere, irruere. 

BRASH, Brashe, Brasche, a. An effort, 
an attack, an assault ; as E. brush is 
used. The same as Bresche, q. v. Muses 

BRASH, s. A short turn of work. E. 

BRASH, s. A transient attack of sickness; 
a bodilv indisposition of whatever kind, 
S. Quhither, synon. S.B. Burns. The 
disorder to which children are often sub- 
ject after being weaned, is called the 
speaning-brash. We also speak of "a 
brash of the teeth." This, perhaps, is 
merely a different sense of the s. as ex- 
plained above. Isl. breisl; however, sig- 


nifies infirm, breiskleike, weakness, G. 

BRASHY, adj. Delicate in constitution, 
subject to frequent ailments, S. 

BRASHY, Braushie, adj. Stormy, S. /. 

BRASH LOCH, s. A crop of oats and rye 
mixed, or of barley and rye, Galloway. 
Synon. Mashlin, Meslin. — Teut. brass-en, 
miscere, commiscere, bras, mixtus, com- 
mixtio. Hence, 

BRASH-BREAD, s. Bread made of such 
a mixture, Galloway. 

BRASSY, s. The ancient Wrasse or Old 
Wife, a fish, Firth of Forth. Neill's List 
of Fishes. V. Bressie. 

BRASSIN, adj. Brazen. Aberd. Reg.— 
A.S. braesen, aereus, aeneus. 

To BRAST, v. n. To burst. Douglas.— 
Brast is used in the same sense by R. 

BRAT, s. 1. Clothiug in general. The 
bit and the brat, S., food and raiment. 
Scotch Presb. Eloq. 2. A coarse kind of 
apron for keeping the clothes clean, S. 
"Brat, a coarse apron, a rag, Lincolns." 
Gl. Grose. 3. Coarse clothing, S. ; dudds, 
synon. A.S. bratt signifies both pallium 
and panniculus ; " a cloak, a rag," Som- 
ner. C.B. brathay, rags. 4. A bib or 
pinafore, S.B. 5. Scum, S. It does not 
necessarily signify refuse ; but is also 
applied to the cream which rises from 
milk, especially of what is called a sour 
cogue, or the footings of boiled whey. 
Statist. Ace. 6. The clotted cover of 
porridge or flummery. C.B. brat, a clout, 
piece, or rag. Owen. 

BRATCHART, g. A contemptuous term 
equivalent to E. xrhelp. Montgomerie. — 
From Fr. bratchet, a kind of small hound ; 
or immediately formed from E. Brack, a 
bitch-hound. V. Brachell. 

BRATCHEL, s. A heap of the husks of 
flax set on fire, Highl. of S. Clan-Albin. 
Apparently q. bra cksel, from Teut. braeck- 
en, to scutch flax. S. brail, brack, the im- 
plement for scutching. 

BRATCHET, s. 1. A little mischievous boy 
or girl, Teviotd. An untoward child, 
North, Grose. 2. A silly person, Ettr. 
For. ; and viewed as a dimin. from Brat. 
3. A true lover ; as, " She has seven 
wooers and a bratchet," Ettr. For. In 
this sense it seems to refer to the fidelity 
of a dog that constantly follows its mas- 

To BRATH, v. a. To plait straw-ropes 
round a stack, crossing them at inter- 
vals, S.B. — A.S. braed-an, to weave 
together ; Isl. bregd-a, nectere fila in 

BRATH INS, s. pi. The cross ropes of the 
roof of a thatched house or stack ; also 
called etherins, Ang. — Isl. bragd, nexus. 

BRATHLY, adj. Noisy. Y. Br' 



To BRATTYL, Brattle, v. n. 1. To 

make a clashing or clattering noise, S. 
Douglas. 2. To advance rapidly, mak- 
ing a noise with the feet, S. Ramsay. 
3. To run tuniultuously. Skinner. 4. 
To make a confused and harsh noise, 
Dumfr. Billet Gun. — Isl. briot-a, bryt-a, 
exagitare, hue illucque movere, ut luc- 
tantes ; Teut. bortel-en, tumultuari. 

BRATTYL, Brattle, s. 1. A clattering 
noise, as that made by the feet of horses 
when prancing, or moving rapidly, S. 
Burns. Ross. 2. Hurry, rapid motion 
of any kind, S. Ramsay. 3. A short 
race, S. Burns. 4. Fury, violent at- 
tack, S. Burns. 

BRAVE, adj. Handsome ; Bravest, most 
handsome ; now pron. brawest, S. Dick- 
son's Serm. V. Braw. 

BRAVERY, 8. A bravado, a gasconade. 
Spotsrcood. — Fr. bra eerie, id. from irater, 
to brave, to play the gallant. 

BRAVERIE, s. 1. Show; appearance of 
splendour, S. Bride of Lammermoor. 2. 
Fine clothes ; showy dress, S. — Fr. bra- 
verie, gorgeousness, or costliness in ap- 
parel. 3. Metaph. applied to fine diction, 
or ornate language. M' Ward's Contend. 

BRAVITY, s. Used as denoting courage ; 
bravery. — Perhaps from O.Fr. brarete, 
from L.B. brarium, praestantia, excel- 

BRAUITIE, s. 1. A show, a pageant, 
Buret. 2. Finery in dress, S. V. Braw. 
Buret.— Er. brarete, pour avoir de beaux 
habits ; Gl. Roquefort. 

BRAUL, Brawl, s. The same as Brangle. 
Complayut S. — Fr. bransle, branle. 

BRAVOORA, s. Such a degree of irrita- 
tion or fury, in man or beast, as to as- 
sume the appearance of madness, Ayrs. 
— Span. Brarura as explained, " Fero- 
city of an animal." 

BRAUSHIE,«(f;. Stormy. V. Brash, v. 

BRAW, Bra', adj. 1. Fine, gaily dressed, 
S. Morison. — Teut. bramce, ornatus, bel- 
lus ; Fr. brave, id. Isl. braer, nitet, 
splendet. 2. Handsome, S. Burns. 3. 
Pleasant, agreeable, S. A. Nicol. 4. 
Worthy, excellent, S. A braw man, a 
worthy man, S. 5. Very good ; surpass- 
ing in whatever respect, S. 6. Stout ; 
able-bodied ; fit for warfare, S. ; synon. 
with S. pretty. Warerley. V. Pretty, 
sense 4. 7. Often used intensively, 
sometimes as a superlative when joined 
by and to another word, whether adj. or 
adv. ; as, braw and able, abundantly able ; 
braic and weel, in good health ; braio and 
soon, in full time. Braw and canty, very 
cheerful. Braw is here stronger than 
gey, gay ; for gey and canty signifies only 
"moderately" or "indifferently cheer- 
ful." — Su.G. braf, bonus, praestans. En 
braf man, the very phrase still used by 
the vulgar in S. Germ, bra r, id. 


BRAW-WARLD, adj. Showy; gaudy. Q. 

BRAWEN, part. pa. Perhaps, boiled. Pol- 
wart. — A.S. browen, coctus. 

To BRAWL, v. n. To run into confusion ; brawland. Barbour. — Fr. brou it l- 
er, to embroil, to confound. Su.G. bryll-a, 

To BRAWL, r. n, To gallop, Moray. V. 
Breel, v. 

BRAWLY, adv. Very well, S. sometimes 
brawlins, Ang.; browties, browlins, Aberd. 
Journal Lond. — Sw. Han mor braf, He 
is well, W r ideg. 

BRAWLINS, The trailing Straw- 
berry tree, or Bear-berry, S.B. Arbutus 
uva ursi, Linn. The name is sometimes 
applied to the fruit of the Vacciniuni 
vitis Idaea, or red bill-berry. — Gael. 
braoilag denotes a whortleberry. 

BRAWLINS, Brawlies, adv. Bravely ; 
quite well, Kinross. Ang. 

BRAWLIT, part. pa. Perhaps, marbled, 
mixed ; from the Fr. brouill-er, to jumble. 
L. Scotland's Lament. 

BRAWN, s. A male swine ; a boar, Roxb. 
" Brawn, a boar, Cumb." Grose. — Per- 
haps this term is borrowed from the Danes; 
for Isl. biam and beorn, Su.G. aud Dan. 
bioern, denote a bear, which was the pron. 
of our ancestors, and is still the vulgar 
pron. for a boar. 

BRAWN, Braun, s. The calf of the leg. 
This sense is common in S. ; and differs 
from that in which the term is used in 
E., as denoting " the fleshy or musculous 
parts of the body "ingeueral. Lyndsay. — 
Teut. 6ra«v, sura, seems the radical word. 

BRAWNY, Brauny, s. A cow, ox, or bull, 
that has its skin variegated with black 
and brown streaks ; also brawnit, id., 
Galloway. — Germ, braun, brown, in com- 
pounds denotes a blackish colour. V. 
Branded, Brannit. 

BRAWS, s. pi. Fine clothes, one's best ap- 
parel, S. Ross. Evidently from the adj., 
sense 1. 

BRAXY, Braxes, Braxit, Bracks,.-!. I. 
A disease in sheep, S. Statist. Ace. — 
This is also called braik and bracks, Ang. 
A.S. breac, rheuma ; broc, sickness,disease ; 
Su.G. brak, id. 2. A sheep which has 
died of disease ; also mutton of this de- 
scription, S. Burns. 

BRAXY, adj. Of or belonging to sheep 
that have died of disease, S. Marriage. 

Dry Braxy, s. Inflammation in the bowels 
of sheep. Agr. Surv. Peeb. 

Dumb Braxy, s. The dysentery in sheep. 
Ess. Highl. Soc. 

Watery Braxy, s. A disease in the bladder 
of sheep, from its being over-distended 
with urine, which brings on inflammation. 
Agr. Surv. Peeb. 

BRAZARS, s. pi. Armour for the arms. 
V. Braseris. 



BRAZE, g. A roach. V. Braise. 

To BRE. K. Hart. V. Biggit. 

BRE, Bree, s. The eyebrow, S.B. Dou- 
glas. " He moved neither ee nor bree ; 
i. e. eye nor eyebrow." Moss. — A.S. breg, 
palpebra ; Isl. braa. V. Bra. 

BREACH, s. The broken water on the 
sea-coast, by which sailors know their 
approach to land in a dark night, Moray; 
supposed to be the same with Land-brist. 

BREAD, s. A roll, or loaf. To be in bad 
bread ; to be in a dilemma, or in an evil 
taking. Originally, to be restricted to 
short allowance. V. Breid. 

BREADBERRY, s. That food of children, 
which in E. is called pap, S. Berry had 
been used in the same sense. Mercur. 
Ceded. Jan. 1661. — Perhaps from bread 
and A.Bor. berry, to beat ; q. " bruised 

BREAD-MEAL, s. The flour of peas and 
barley ; because commonly used for mak- 
ing bread, Roxb. In Clydes.barleymeal 
is so denominated from its being much 
used for bread there. V. White-meal. 

BREAD-MORNING, s. A piece of bread 
which the ploughman gets on going to his 
labour in the morning. 

BREAD-SPA AD, s. An iron spattle, shaped 
like a spade, for turning bread on the 
girdle, Aberd. 

BREADWINNER, s. 1. One who, by in- 
dustry, wins bread for others, S. 2. Any 
instrument of a profession by the use of 
which one earns a sustenance. Gait. 

BREADLINGIS, adv. With the broad or 
flat side of a sword, &c. V. Braid. 

BREAD SWORD, s. A broadsword. Acts 
Cha. I. 

BREAK, s. A division of land in a farm, 
S. Statist. Ace. 

BREAK, s. The act of breaking ; a breach. 
Forbes's Defence. 

BREAK, Brake, s. A furrow in plough- 
ing, S. Surr. Banff*. 

BREAK-FUR, Break - Furrowing, s. 
Rough ploughing, ibid. 

To BREAK in, v. a. To go twice over 
ground with the harrow, the first time 
that this implement is applied, Fife. — 
Teut. braecken den acker, proscindere 

BREAK, Break-harrow, s. A large har- 
row. V. Brake. 

To BREAK, v. a. To disappoint, S.B. 
" Fse no break you, I shall not disappoint 
you," Shirr. Gl. — Isl. bregd-a, frustrari 

BREAK (of a hill) s. A hollow in a hill, 
S. — Isl. breck-a, crepido, declivitas. 

To BREAK, r. a. To Break a Bottle, to 
open a full bottle ; especially when it is 
meant only to take out part of its con- 
tents, S. Hence a Broken Bottle, one 
out of which part of its contents has al- 
ready been taken, S. 


BREAK, s. An instrument for taking the 
rind off flax, S. Brake,E. V. Braik. 

BREAK, s. A break of folk ; a number of 
people ; a crowd, Fife. — Isl. brak, strepi- 
tus, tumultus, turba ; from brak-a, stre- 
pere, tumultuari. 

To BREAK, r. n. To burst off, as an ani- 
mal in fleeing from its pursuers. Bollock. 
— Isl. brak-a, strepere, tumultuari. 

To BREAK up, r. a. To open an ecclesi- 
astical convention with sermon. Guth. 

HEAD ; a custom generally prevalent 
in S. When a bride is conducted home 
to the bridegroom's house, before she is 
allowed to enter it, or at the very 
threshold, a cake is broken on her head ; 
the fragments of which all the young 
people are eager to gather, — it being used 
as Dreaming Bread. This being laid 
under the pillow of each person who gets 
a share of it, it is pretended that it has 
the virtue of producing pleasant dreams 
in regard to one's sweetheart. 

BREARD, ,*. The first appearance of grain. 
V. Breer. 

BREARDS, s. pi. The short flax recovered 
from the first tow, by a second hackling. 
The tow, thrown off by this second hack- 
ling, is called backings. Edin. Courant. 

To BREAST a horse, a wall, &c, v. a. To 
mount it by applying a person's breast to 
it to get up, S. 

* BREAST, s. To male a clean breast of. 
V. Clean. 

BREAST. In a breast ; abreast ; side by 
side, S.B. Boss. 

To BREAST, r. n. To spring up or for- 
ward ; a term applied to a horse, S. 
Burns. — From the action of the breast iu 
this effort. 

BREAST-BORE, s. An instrument for 
boring ; a wimble, Clvdes. V. Boral. 

BREAST-PEAT, s. A* peat formed by the 
spade being pushed into the moss hori- 

BREAST-WOODIE, .?. That part of the 
harness of a carriage-horse which goes 
round the breast, S.B. Journal Lond. 
V. Rig-widdie. 

BREATH, s. 1. Opinion ; sentiments ; 
tendency of thought ; " I wad fain hear 
his breath about this business." As A.S. 
braeth, signifies spiritus, the E. word is 
here used like Fr. esprit, tor mind, thought, 
opinion, disposition, inclination. 2. In a 
breath ; in a moment, S. 

BRECHAME, Brecham, s. The collar of 
a working-horse, S. Bannatyne Poems. 
V. Haims. — Baurghwan is used in the 
same sense, A.Bor. Gael. Ir. braigh, 
the neck ; whence braighaidain, a collar. 
The last syllable has more resemblance of 
Teut. hamme, a collar. 

BRECKSHAW, Breakshfach. g. The 




dysentery in sheep, Loth. Roxb. " Dy- I 
sentery, or Braxy, Breckshaw, &c, Mr. I 
Beattie. Breakshuach, or Cling, Mr. J. 
Hogg." Essays Highl. Soc. 

BRED, s. 1. A board; a plank, Danifr. J 
2. The lid or covering of a pot or pan, 
Roxb. — A.S. bred, tabula ; Germ, bret, a 
board, a plank. 

Pot-Bred, s. Thewoodenlid of a pot, Roxb. 

Ass-Bred, s. A wooden box, with handles 
for carrying out ashes, Roxb. 

BREDDIT, part. pa. Apparently, wreath- 
ed. Police of Hon. — A.S. bred-ait, Teut. 
breyd-en, to wreathe. 

BREDE, Wynter-brede, s. Provisions 
for winter. Douglas. — This may be merely 
bread. But Isl. broad is rendered, 
praeda, esca, carnivori animalis ; which 
seems to indicate that A.S. breod is but 
a restricted use of the radical word. 

BREDIR, s. pi. Brethren. V. Brodir. 

BREDIS. InBredis. Hoidate, — Inbrede, 
as used by Chaucer, is rendered abroad. 
V. Abreid. 

BREE, Brie, S.B. Brew, Broo, S. s. 1. 
Broth, soup. Boss. " Bree, broth with- 
out meal," Gl. Yorks. 2. Juice, sauce, 
S. " Breau, is supping meat, or gravy 
and fat for brewis," Gl. Yorks. 3. Water; 
moisture of any kind, S. Burns. Thus 
snaw-brue is melted snow ; herring-bree, 
the brine of a herring-barrel, S. — A.S. 
briio, Germ, brue, bruhe, id. liquor ; q. de- 
coctum, according to Wachter, from brau- 
en, to boil ; Isl. brugg, calida coctio, from 
brugg-a, coquere. 

BREE, s. Hurry, bustle. Shirrefs. — Su.G. 
bru, turbare, vexare. 

BREE, s. The eyebrow. V. Bre. 

To BREED of, to resemble. V. Buade. 

To BREEGHLE, v. n. 1. A term expres- 
sive of the waddling and bustling motion 
of a person of small stature ; as, He's 
breeghlin awa', Fife. 2. Applied also to 
the mode in which a person of this de- 
scription does any kind of work ; to fid- 
dle, to make little progress notwithstand- 
ing much bustling ; ibid. 
BREEGHLIN, Brechlin, s. Motion con- 
veying the idea of considerable exertion, 
with but little progress, Fife. 
BREEK, Breik, s. One leg of a pair of 
breeches, S. pi. breeks, breiks, breeches. 
Godscroft. — Anc. Goth, and Isl. brok ; 
A.S. braec, brec ; Su.G. braeckor ; C.B. 
bryccan ; Gael, brigis ; Ir. broages ; Lat. 
bracca, id. From this dress, the Romans 
gave the name of Gallia Braccata to one 
part of Gaul. 
To BREEK, r. n. A term used by females 
in shearing on a rainy day, when they 
tuck up their petticoats to their knees, in 
form of breeches. The question is often 
asked, " Are ye gaiui to breek the day ?" 
BREEK-BROTHER, s. A rival in love. 

BREEKLAN, part. adj. Shabby in ap- 
pearance, whether in person or in dress. 
Mearns. Apparently the same with 
Breeqhle, q. v. 
BREEKS, Breiks, Breikis, s. pi. 1. 
Breeches. 2. Two centuries ago the 
term occurs in what seems to have been 
a cant phrase used to denote the appre- 
hension or fettering of a prisoner. Moyse's 
Mem. 3. Used in low proverbial lan- 
guage, in relation to ability, but always 
in a negative form, as addressed to one 
who boasts that he can do this or that ; 
It's no in your breiks, man, S. In this 
case it refers, perhaps not very delicately, 
to physical strength. " It is not in your 
breeks;" an allusion to money in our poc- 
kets, signifies our inability to effect or pro- 
cure such a thing. Kelly. 
BREEKUMTRULLIE, s. 1. One whose 
breeches do not fit him, Ayrs. 2. Also 
applied to a very little boy who is consi- 
dered too young to wear breeches. Tru- 
lie is often used in S. as expressing con- 
temptuous or derisory admiration ; q. 
Breek him trulie ! 
To BREEL, v. n. To move with rapidity, 
Border ; as, to breel down the brae ; al- 
ways, or at least generally, applied to the 
motion of a carriage, and implying the 
idea of the noise made by it. — Isl. broellte, 
is expl. bovino, vel aprino — more ferri ; 
G. Andr. to be hurried on like an ox or 
boar ; brial-az, extra mentem rapi. Su.G. 
bryll-a, perturbare, a frequentative from 
bryd-a, id. 
BREELLS, s. pi. Spectacles in general ; 
but more strictly double-jointed specta- 
cles, Clydes. — Germ, brill, Su.G. briller, 
id. oculi vitrei, L.B. berill-us. 
BREEM, adj. Keen ; fierce ; violent, 

Lanarks. V. Brim. 
To BREEM, v. n. A term applied to the 
female of a swine when she desires the 
male. E. to brim, id.— 0. Teut. brem- 
en, to burn with desire ; Ital. bram-are, 
id. V. Brumjiin. 
BREEMIN, A-breemin, part. adj. Applied 
to a sow in season, when desirous of the 
boar, Roxb. 
BREER, s. A briar, S. Hogg. 
BREER, Brere, Braird, Breard, ?. 1. 
The first appearance of grain above- 
ground, after it is sown, S. — A fine 
breer, an abundant germination. Ramsay. 
2. Metaph. transferred to the first ap- 
pearance of the seed of the word, after it 
has been sown in the ministry of the 
gospel. — A.S. brord, frumenti spicae, 
" corn new come up, or the spires of 
corn," Somner. " Bruart, the blades of 
corn just sprung up ;" Gl. Lancash. 
To BREER, Brere, Breard, v. n. To 
germinate, to shoot forth from the earth ; 
applied especially to grain, S. Brerdc, 
part. pa. Loth, brairded. Douglas. 




BREIRDING, s. Germination ; used nie- 
taph. in relation to divine truth. Ruther- 

BREERIE, adj. Sharp ; clever, Loth. A 
figurative use of E. briery, full of briers. 
V. Bryrie. 

BREESE, Breeze, s. 1. The act of com- 
ing on in a hurry, Fife. 2. A quarrel, 
a broil, Loth. Apparently a figurative 
use of E. breeze. 

BREESE, Breis, s. Pottage made in a 
peculiar manner, Aberd. Mearns. V. 
Brose, of which this is the northern pro- 
nunciation. — A.S. brhcas, pottage. 

To BREESSIL, t. n. To come on in a 
hurry, making a rustling noise, Lanarks. 
V. the noun. 

BREESSIL, Breishil, s. 1. The act of 
coming on in a hurry, Fife. 2. A violent 
attack in whatever way. Hence the 
phrase to bide a breessil, to endure a se- 
vere onset, Fife. — A.S. brastl, crepitus, 
strepitus, brastl-ian, crepitare, strepere. 
Isl. brys, ardens calor ; bryss-a, fervide 

BREGER, s. One given to broils and 
bloodshed. Buret. — Fr. briguer, a quar- 
relsome, contentious, or litigious person. 
The origin is most probably Su.G brigd-a, 

BREHON, s. The name given to heredi- 
tary judges appointed by authority to 
determine, on stated times, all the con- 
troversies which happened within their 
respective districts. By the Brehon law, 
even the most atrocious offenders were 
not punished witli death, imprisonment, 
or exile ; but were obliged to pay a fine 
called Eric. Dr. Macpherson. — Ir. 
breathar, breithear, still signifies a judge. 
Bullet supposes that Breth has been used 
in this seuse by the ancient Gauls ; 
whence Vergobret, the name of the su- 
preme magistrate among them. Ir. Fear 
go fra ith literally signifies the man who 

To BREY, v. a. To terrify.. Wyntown.— 
A.S. breg-an, id. probably allied to Sw. 
bry, to vex. 

To BREID, Brede, v. n. To resemble. V. 
Brade, v. sense 5. 

BREID, s. Breadth. On breid, broad, or 
in breadth. Lyndsay. — A.S. braed ; Su.G. 
bredd ,id. Brede occurs in O.E. R.Brunue. 

BREID, Bred, s. 1. Bread. 2. A loaf 
or mass of bread by itself, whether large 
or small ; still vulgarly used in this sense, 
S. Keith's Hist. 

BREID, Breed, s. A breadth of cloth, 
woollen or linen, S. 

To BREIF, Breve, Breue, Brew, t. a. 
1. To write, to commit to writing. 
Police of Hon. 2. To compose. Dunbar. 
■ — Alem. gebriaf-an, scribere ; Su.G. be- 
brefica, literis confirmare. L.B. brev- 
iare, in breves redigere. 

BREIF, Brief, Breef, s. A spell. Burns. 
— O.Fr. bref, brief, legeude, talisman, de 
brevis ; L.B. brev-ia. 

BRE YFE, Breve, s. A writing. Wyntown. 
— A.S. braue, literae ; Germ, brief, a let- 
ter ; Isl. Su.G. bref, epistola, diploma ; 
Fr. brief, breve, a writ. These are all 
from Lat. brete. 

BREIRD, s. The surface, the uppermost 
part, the top of anything, as of liquids. 
MehiWs MS. — Evidently the same with 
Brerd, q. v. 

BREITH, adj. Proceeding from fervour 
of mind. — Su.G. braede, ira. V. Braith. 

BREITHFUL. V. Braithful. 

BREIVE, s. A kind of judge in the Wes- 
tern Islands of S. It originally seems to 
be nearly the same with Brehon. Gord. 
Hist. Suth. 

BREK, s. 1. Breach in a general sense ; 
as breach of promise. 2. Wattir brek, 
the breaking out of water. Douglas. 3. 
Quarrel ; contention of parties, like E. 
breach. Pari. Ja. III. 4. Brek of a 
ship, the breaking up of a vessel from its 
being wrecked, or the shipwreck itself. 
Teut. schip-breke, naufragium. 

BREK, s. Uproar, tumult. Douglas. — 
Isl. brak, strepitus, tumultus, eg brak-a, 
strepo, crepo, Su.G. braak-a ; metaph. de 
molesto quovis labore. 

BREKANE TYNIS, s. pi. Misspelling for 
Briqandines. Records, Acts Ja. IV. 

BREKBENACH, s. A particular military 
ensign, signifying the blessed or conse- 
crated banner. Old (Jiu rt. 

BREME,rtf/;. Furious, Wynt. V. Brim. 

BRENDE, part. pa. Burnt, so as to be 
thoroughly purified. V. Burnt Silver. 
Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. 

BRENE, *. Corslet, habergeon. V. Bir- 
nie. Sir Gaican and Sir Gal. 

To BRENN, Brin, t. a. To burn. Herd's 
Coll. — The A.S. is byrn-an. Brenn and 
Brin resemble the Isl. and Germ. v. 

BRENT, 'pret. and part. Burned ; S. 
brunt. Dovglas. — A.S. brenu-ing, burn- 
ing ; Isl. brenn, ardeo. 

BRENT, adv. 1. Straight, directly ; as, 
" He looked me brent i' the face," Roxb. 
2. Straightforward. To come brent on, to 
advance fearlessly, or precipitately, in a 
straight line, Loth. Selkirks. 3. To Hae, 
or See, a thing brent, to see it distinctly, 
as if directly before one, Loth. — Pro- 
bably allied to Isl. brana, audacter mere, 
caprino more ferri, bruna, progredi, cur- 

BRENT, s. A door-post. Remains Nith. 
Song. — Isl. brand-ar, columna liguea ante 
fores, door-posts or pillars. 

BRENT, adj. High, straight, upright ; 
smooth, not wrinkled, S. Maitland Poems. 
It most frequently occurs in one peculiar 
application, in connexion with brow, as 



denoting a high forehead, as contradis- 
tinguished from one that is flat. Douglas. 
— A.Bor. brant, or brunt, steep. A brant 
hill, Northuinb. It is also used in West- 
morel. Brent-brow, a steep hill ; Su.G. 
bryn, vertex montis ; Isl. brun-a, to lift 
one's self on high. Meo judicio bryn 
notat id, quod ceteris superstat, aut prae 
aliis emmet ; Ihre. Isl. brun, Germ, aug- 
braunen, Alem. braane, the eyebrow. Sw. 
brant, steep ; en brant klippa, a steep 

BRENT-BROWED, adj. Forward; im- 
pudent, Berths. 

BRENT-KNOLL, s. A steep, conical hill, 

BRENT-TORR, s. A rock of a similar 
character, Devons. 

BRENT-NEW, quite new. V. Brand- 

BRERD, s. The whole substance on the 
face of the earth. Gawan and Gol. — 
A.S. brerd, summum. 

To BRERE, v. n. To germinate. V. 

BRESCHE, s. An attack. Knox.— Su.G. 
brask-a, sonitum edere,tumultum excitare 
denotat, a simplici brask, sonitus ; Ihre. 
It may, however, be originally the same 
with Brash, q. v. 

BRESS, s. The chimney-piece ; the back 
of the fire-place. The Entail. V. Brace. 

BRESS, pi. Bristles. Dunbar. 

BRESSIE, s. A fish, supposed to be the 
Wrasse, or Old Wife, Labrus Tiuca, Liuu. 
Sibbald. Perhaps radically the same 
with E. UTasse. 

BREST, part. pa. Forcibly removed ; or 
as denoting the act of breaking away 
with violence ; for burst. Douglas. Breste, 
to burst. Chaucer. 

To BREST, v.n. To burst. Bollock.— Sw. 
brist-a, id. V. Brist. 

BRETH, s. Apparently, rage, wrath. Hou- 
late. — Su.G. Isl. braede, praeceps ira, fu- 
ror. This is probably allied to braad-a, 

BRETH1R, Brether, s. pi. Brethren. 
Wyntown. — Isl. and Sw. broeder, bre- 
thren, A.S. brether, id. 

BRETS, s. pi. The name given to the 
Welch or ancient Britons, in general ; 
also to those of Strat-clyde, as distin- 
guished from the Scots and Picts. Lord 
Hailes. Wyntown uses Brett ys as the 
pi.— A.S. Brettas, Britones ; Bryt, Brito, 

BRETTYS, s. A fortification. Wyntoicn. 
— L.B. breteschia, briteschia. It properly 
denotes wooden towers or castles : Bre- 
tachiae, castella lignea, quibus castra et 
oppida muniebantur, Gallis Bretesque, 
breteches ; Du Cange. Perhaps radically 
allied to Su.G. bryt-a, to contend, to 
make war. 

To BREVE, r. a. To write. V. Breif. 

BREUK, s. A kind of boil ; apparently 
the same with Bruick, q. v. 

BREUKIE, s. A cant term for a smith's 
bellows, S.B. Probably derived from the 
designation given to the Blacksmith him- 
self. V. Brookie. 

BREW, s. Broth, soup. V. Bree. 

BREW-CREESH, s. A term expressive 
of a duty paid to a landholder or supe- 
rior, which occurs in old law-deeds. It 
is still used, Aberd. Sometimes it is 
called Brew-tallow. 

BRIBOUR, Brybour, s. A low, beggarly 
fellow. Bannatyne Poems. — Fr. bribeur, 
" a beggar, a scrap-craver ; also, a greedy 
devourer ;" briber, to beg ; and this from 
bribe, a lump of bread given to a beggar ; 
Cotgr. C.B. briic, brib, a morsel, a frag- 

BRICHT, Brych*t, A young woman, 
strictly as conveying the idea of beauty. 
Wallace. — Merely a poetical use of the 
adj. bright ; in the same manner as an- 
cient writers used./h> , clere, &c. In modern 
E. fair is used in the same manner. 

BRICK, s. A loaf of bread of an oblong 
form, S. It is applied to bread of differ- 
ent sizes ; as, a penny brick, a threepenny 
brick, a quarter brick, i. e. a quartern loaf. 
It is so denominated from its resemblance 
to a brick made of clay. 

BRICK, s. A breach, S. ; break, Roxb. 
V. Brick of Land. 

BRICK of LAND, Apparently a division, 
a portion, as distinguished from others. — 
Teut. braecke, braecke-land, land thatis not 
taken in, or what is lying barren. — But, 
perhaps, rather from the r. to Break ; like 
Shed of laud from Shed, to divide. — A.S. 
brie, ruptura. 

BR1CKLE, adj. Brittle. Monro's Exped. 
V. Brukyl. 

BRID, Bridde, s. A bird, a pullet. Sir 
Gawan and Sir Gal. — A.S. brid is used 
for chicken, as also S. burd. 

BRIDAL, s. A Craw's Bridal ; the de- 
signation given to a numerous flight of 
crows, S. 

BRYDE, s. Not understood. Perhaps, 
damsel ; as, Brid in boure, for bird. 

BRIDGES SATINE, s. Satin made at 
Eruges in Flanders. V. Brug and Broig. 

BRIDLAND, part. pre. Polwart. — Appa- 
rently, q. bridalling, drinking as freely as 
men do at a bridal. 

BRIDLE, s. The piece of iron fastened on 
the end of the beam of a plough, to which 
the harness is attached, S.A. Agr.Surv. 

* BRIEF, adj. 1. Keen, Upp. Clydes. 2. 
Clever ; as, a brief discourse, a good ser- 
mon ; " He gae us a very brief sermon," 

To BRIEN, Brein, v. n. Apparently, to 
roar ; to bellow, S.B. Skinner. — Per- 
haps from Isl. bran-a, audacter ruere ; or 



from bran-a, caprino more feror ; Dan. 
brummen, to roar. V. Brayne. 

To BRIERD, t. n. To germinate. Bollock. 
V. Breer, r. 

BRIG, Breg, Bryg, s. A bridge, S. A.Bor. 
Lancash. Wallace. — A.S. bricg, brigge, 
Su.G. brygga, Belg. brug, id. Ihre views 
brygga as a diminutive from bro, anc. bra, 
which has the same meaning. 

BRIG on a hair. A verynarrow bridge, S.B. 

To BRIG, v. a. To throw a bridge over ; 
to bridge ; as, " To brig a barn," Lanarks. 
Bannatyne's Trans. 

BRIGANCIE, s. Robbery ; depredation ; 
violence. Acts Ja. VI. — This word is 
synon. with Fr. brigandage and brigan- 
derii ; but in form more nearly resembles 
L.B. brigancii, modern term brigands ; 

BRIG ANER, «./>?. A robber, S.B.— Evi- 
dently from brigand. Journ. Lond. 

BRIGD IE, Brigde, s. The basking shark, 
Squalus Maximus, Linn., North of S. 

BRIK, s. Violation ; breach. Keith.— A.S. 
brie, raptura, fractio. 

BRIKCANETYNES, s. Armour called 
Brigandines. Act. Bom. Cone. 

BRIL, s. The merrythought of a fowl. 
Sibbald. — Teut. bril, ossiculum circa pec- 
tus a specilli similitudine dictum. Also 
called spectacles. V. Breels. 

BRYLIES, s. pi. Bearberries. V. Braw- 


BRYLOCKS, Apparently, the whortle- 
berry ; or Vaccinium vitis idaea, Gael. 
braoilag, breigh'lac, id. 

BRYM, Brym, Breme, adj. 1. Raging, 
swelling ; applied to the sea. Bellenden. 
Isl. brim, the raging of the sea. The word 
is thus defined ; Aestus maris, vehemen- 
tibus procellis littus verberans ; Olai 
Lex. Run. A.S. brim, brym, salum, 
aequor, mare, the sea. 2. Fierce, vio- 
lent. Bellenden. 3. Stern, rugged ; ap- 
plied to the countenance. Bouglas. 4. 
Denoting a great degree either of heat or 
of cold. Douglas. Thus," a brim frost," 
is still a common phrase for a severe frost, 
S.B. 5. Bleak, exposed to the weather, 

BRIM, s. A cant term for a trull, Loth. 
Callander of Craigforth, in some MS. 
notes, mentions brim, as signifying a 
scold, S. This has, most probably, been 
the primary sense. 

BRIME, s. Pickle ; E. brine. « As saut 's 
brime," as salt as brine, S. — A.S. Belg. 
Fris. bryne, muria. But the S. pron. is 
from A.S. brym, salum ; Isl. brim, fluctus, 
brimsalt, valde salsum. 

BRYMLY, adv. Fiercely; keenly. Wall, 
vii. 995. V. Artailye. 

BRIMMIN, part. pr. Applied to a sow 
desirous of the boar. Y. Brummin. 


To BRYN, Brin, Birn, r. a. To burn. 
Barbour. — Su.G. brinn-a; Germ, brenn- 
an, id. ; A.S. bryne, burning. 

BRIN, Brinn, s. A ray; a beam; a flash, 
S.B. Poems Buchan Dial. 

BRINDLE, s. Cash; money. A cant term, 

To BRING HAME, or HOME, r. a. To 
bring to the world, S. ; equivalent to E. 
r. to bring forth. Pitscottie. 

BRINGLE- BR ANGLE, s. A very con- 
fused bustle, Lanarks. A reduplicative 
term, of which Brangill, v. or s. may be 
viewed as the origin. 

BRINK. To Brink. Perhaps, inwardly. 
Sir Tristrem. — Q,. in pectore ; Isl. Su.G. 
brinq-a, pectus. 

BRINKIT, part. pa. Perhaps, bronzed. 
Bannatyne Poems. — Su.G. brinna, to 
burn, or braecka, to roast. 

BRYNSTANE, Brynt-stane, ?. Brim- 
stone ; sulphur. Douglas. — A.S. bryn, 
incendium, and stan, q. lapis incendii seu 
incendiarius ; Sw. braensten, id. 

BRYRIE, s. Lyk bryrie; equivalent to 
the vulgar phrase, like daft. Montgo- 
mery's Poems. 

BRISKET, Bisket, s. 1. The breast, S. 
Morison. 2. It is used obliquely, and 
perhaps rather arbitrarily for the stomach. 
Hogg's Perils of Man. — Fr. brichet, id. 
Perhaps we have the origin of the word 
in Isl. briosk, Sw. brush, gristle. The 
word in E. denotes " the breast of an 
animal." It bears this sense also in S., 
and is sometimes corr. called briskin. 

BRISMAK, s. The name given to Torsk, 
our Tusk, in Shetland. 

BRISSAL,«(7> Brittle. Gl. Sibb.— Alem. 
bruzzi, frag'ilitas, Otfrid ; Fr. bresiller, 
rompre, briser, mettre en pieces. Gl. 

BRISSEL-COCK, s. Apparently the tur- 
key-cock. Pitscottie. — Denominated, per- 
haps, from its rough and bristly appear- 
ance ; or q. Brasil-cock, as, according to 
Pennant, the turkey was unknown to 
the old world before the discovery of 
America. " The first birds of this kind," 
he supposes, " must have been brought 
from Mexico." 

To BRISSLE, r. a. To broil, &c. V.Birsle. 

To BRIST, Bryst, s. To burst. Wyntovm. 
— Isl. brest-a ; Dan. brist-er, frangi, rumpi, 
cum fragore (crepitu) dissilire. 

BRISTO W, g. and adj. A designation given 
formerly to white crystals set in rings, 
&c, got at St. Vincent's, a steep rock on 
the banks of the Avon, in the vicinity of 

BRITH, s. A term which seems to mean 
wrath or contention. Gawan and Gol. — 
Su.G. braede, anger, brigd, controversy, 
brigd-a, to litigate. 

BRlTHER, s. The vulgar pronunciation 
of brother, S. 


To BRITHER, v. a. 1. To match ; to find 
an equal to, Lanarks. 2. To initiate one 
into a society or corporation, sometimes 
by a very ludicrous or filthy process, S. 
To BRITHER DOWN, r. a. To accom- 
pany in being swallowed ; to go down in 
brotherhood, Ayrs. Picken. 
To BRITTYN, Bin ten, Bretyn, v. a. 1. 
To break down, in whatever way. Ga- 
ican and Gol. 2. To kill ; applied both 
to man and beast. Douglas. — It is also 
written bertyn. A.S. bryt-an; Su.G. bryt-a; 
Isl. briot-a, frangere. V. Bertynit. 
To BRITTLE, v. a. To render friable,— 
Formed from the E. adj. brittle ; origin- 
ally from A.S. brytt-an ; Su.G. bryt-a, 
britt-a ; Isl. briot-a, to break. 
BRITTLE-BRATTLE, s. Hurried mo- 
tion, causing a clattering noise, Lanarks. 
V. Brattyl. 
BRITURE, lloulate, iii. 8, is in Bannatyne 

MS. brit ure. 
To BRIZE, Brizz, r. a. 1. To press. 2. 

To bruise, S. V. Birse. 
To BROACH, v.a. To rough-hew. Broached 
stones are thus distinguished from aishler 
or polished work, S. V.Broche, Broach,?. 
BROACH, s. A sort of flagon or pot. 
David. Seas. — L.B. brochia; Ital. brocca, 
a pitcher, a water-pot. 
BROAD-BAND. V. Braid-band. 
BROAKIT. V. Brocked. 
BROAKIE, s. 1. A designation given to 
a cow whose face is variegated with black 
and white, S. 2. Also to a person whose 
face is streaked with dirt, S. 
BROAKITNESS, s. The state of being 

variegated, as above, in both senses. 
BROBLE, s. A sharp-pointed piece of 
wood to keep horses asunder in plough- 
ing ; also called a Jliddiegiddie. This 
is clearly a diminutive from A.Bor. brob, 
to prick with a bodkin. V. Brub. 
BROCARD, s. The first elements or maxims 
of the law ; an old forensic term. Foun- 
tainhall, — Fr. brocard; L.B. brocardium ; 
Hisp. brocardico, juris axioma. 
BROCH, Brotch, s. A narrow piece of 
wood or metal to support the stomacher, 
Gl. Sibb. — S.A. and O., apparently an ob- 
lique use of Fr. broche, a spit. In O.Fr. 
the word is synon. with baton. 
BROCHAN, (gutt.) s. Oatmeal boiled to 
a consistence somewhat thicker than 
gruel, S. It differs- from Crowdie, as 
this is oatmeal stirred in cold water. 
Martin. — Gael, brochan, pottage, also, 
gruel ; C.B. bryhan, a sort of flummery. 
To BROCHE, t. a. To prick ; to pierce. 
Douglas. — Fr. brocher un cheral, to spur 
a horse; properly to strike him hard 
with the spurs. Hence, 
BROCHE, s. LA spit. Gaican and Gol, 
2. " A narrow piece of wood or metal to 
support the stomacher." Gl. Sibb. 3. A 
wooden pin on which yarn is wound. S. 



Douglas. 4. A narrow-pointed iron in- 
strument, in the form of a chisel, used by 
masons in hewing stones ; also called a 
puncheon, S. — Evidently the same with 
Fr. broche, a spit. Arm. brochen, signifies 
a spit, from broch-a, to pierce., transfigere. 
To BROCHE, Broach, t. a. To indent 
the surface of a stone with this instru- 
ment, a broach, chisel, or puncheon, S. 
When a broader tool is used, it is said to 
be droved. Both operations are contrasted 
with polishing, or complete dressing. 
BROCHE, Bruche, Broach, s. 1. A chain 
of gold ; a sort of bulla, or ornament worn 
on the breast. Douglas. 2. A fibula ; a 
clasp; a breast-pin, S. Muses Threnodie. 
— Isl. bratz, signifies fibula; Su.G. bra:, 
from Isl. brus-a, to fasten together; Gael. 
broiside, a clasp, broisde, a brooch, Shaw. 
BROCHIT, part. pa. Stitched; sewed. 
Inventories. — Fr. broch-er, to stitch gross- 
lv,"to setor sowe with (great) stitches;" 
BROCHLE, (gutt.) adj. Lazy; indolent; 

also brokle, Galloway. 
BROCHLE, s. " A lazy, useless brochle," 
an inactive boy, ibid. — Gael, brogh, and 
broghaidhil, denote filth and dirt. 
BROCHT, s. The act of puking. Leg. 
Bp. St. Androis. — C.B. broch, spuma. 
V. Braking. 
To BROCK. V. Brok. 
BROCKED, Broakit, adj. Variegated ; 
having a mixture of black and white, S. 
A cow is said to be broakit, that has black 
spots or streaks, mingled with white, in 
her face, S.B. Statist. Ace. — Su.G. brok- 
iig, brokig, party-coloured ; Ir. breach, 
speckled ; Gael, brucach, speckled in the 
face ; Dan. broged, id. 
The Brue o' the Bruckit Ewes. A me- 
taphorical phrase for mutton broth. 
BROCKLIE, adj. Brittle. V. Broukyl. 
BROD, s. LA board; any flat piece of 
wood ; a lid, S. — A.Bor. breid, a shelf or 
board, Ray. 2. Transferred to an escut- 
cheon on which arms are blazoned. 3. 
Commonly used to denote the vessel for 
receiving alms at the doors of churches, 
S. — Isl. broth ; A.S. braed, bred, id. 
To BROD, v. a, 1. To prick; to job; to 
spur, S. Douglas. Complaynt S. 2. To 
pierce, so as to produce an emission of 
air ; used metaph., S. Ferguson, 3. To 
incite; to stimulate; applied to the mind. 
Douglas. — Su.G. brodd, cuspis, aculeus ; 
Isl. brodd, the point of an arrow ; some- 
times the arrow itself; a javelin ; any 
pointed piece of iron or steel ; brydd-a, 

fungere ; Dan. brod, a sting, a prick ; 
r. Gael, brod-am, to spur ; to stimulate. 
BROD, Brode, s. 1. A sharp-pointed in- 
strument; as the goad used to drive oxen 
forward, S. Wyntoicn, 2. A stroke with 
a sharp-pointed instrument, S. Com- 


platjnt S. 3. An incitement; instigation. 
BRODDIT STAFF. " A staff with a sharp 
point at the extremity," Gl. Sibb. Also 
called a pikestaff, S. This is the same 
with brogqit-staff. V. Brog. 
BROD, s. Brood"; breed, Loth.— A.S. brod, 

proles, from brcd-an, fovere. Hence, 
BROD-HEN, s. A hen that hatches a 

brood of chickens. 
BROD MALE, Brodmell, s. The brood 
brought forth, or littered, at the same 
time. Douglas. — From A.S. brod, proles, 
and mad, tempus; or O.Germ. mad, con- 
sors, socius, whence ee-ghe-mael, conjunx, 
BROD SOW. A sow that has a litter. 

Polio: rt. 
BRODMOTHER, Brodsmother, s. 1. A 
hen that hatches a brood of chickens, 
Ang. Loth. 2. Metaph. applied to a fe- 
male who is the mother of a family. 
BRODDIT AITIS, s. Supposed to be the 
same with Bearded oats. Act. Audit. — 
Su.G. brodd, the first spire of grain, as 
well as anything that is sharp-pointed. 
BRODERRIT, part. pa. Embroidered. 
Inventories. — Fr. brod-er, to embroider ; 
whence brodeur, an embroiderer; Su.G. 
border-a, acu pingere. V. Brod, r. 
BRODIE, s. Fry of the rock-tangle or 
hettle ; codling, Fife. — A.S. brod, proles, 
E. brood. 
BRODYKYNNIS, s. pi. Buskins or half- 
boots. Still used in this sense in Aberd. 
V. Brotekixs. 
BRODINSTARE, Brodinster, s. An em- 
broiderer. Inventories. V. Browdinstar. 
BRODYRE, Brodir, s. A brother; pi. 
bredir, bredyre. Wyniown. — Isl. brodur, 
pi. broeder. 
BRODIR-DOCHTER,s. A niece, S. Wyn- 
toivn. Brodir-son or brother-son, and sis- 
ter-son, are used in the same manner ; 
and brother-bairn for cousin, S. — A Sw. 
idiom : Brorsdotter, niece ; brorson, ne- 
phew; brorsbarn, the children of a brother. 
BROE, s. Broth ; soup ; the same with 

Brew. Taylor's S. Poems. 
To BROG, v. a. To pierce ; to strike with 
a sharp instrument, S. Acts Ja. I. Hence 
broggit staff, mentioned as a substitute for 
an ax. The term prog-staff is now used 
in the same sense, q. v. 
BROG, s. 1. A pointed instrument, such 
as an awl ; a brad-awl, S. 2. A job 
with such an instrument, S. 
BROG, Brogue, b. A coarse and light 
kind of shoe, made of horse leather, 
much used by the Highlanders, and by 
those who go to shoot in the hills, S. 
Lord Hailes. — Ir. Gael, brog, a shoe. 
BROGH, s. Legal surety ; proof of right- 
ful possession ; Ye maun bring brogh and 
hammer (or ha mmd) for't, i. e., You must 
bring proof for it, Loth. — In the north of 

98 BRO 

Germany, the phrase burg und emmer is 
used in a similar sense, as denoting legal 
security. Our brogh, and Germ, burg, 
both denote suretiship. Dan. heimmel, 
authority ; a voucher ; a title. Wolff. 
To BROGLE, Broggle, v. n. 1. To persist 
ineffectually, to strike a pointed instru- 
ment into the same place, Lanarks. 2. 
To fail in doing any piece of work in 
which one engages ; to be unable pro- 
perly to finish what one has begun, 
Berwicks. Selkirks. 3. r. a. To botch ; 
to bungle ; to spoil, ibid. 
BROGLE, Broggle, s. An ineffectual at- 
tempt to strike a pointed instrument into 
a particular place, Lanarks. 
BROGGLER, s. 1 . The person who makes 
this ineffectual attempt, ibid. 2. A bad 
tradesman ; a bungler, Selkirks. Brogle 
seems to be a frequentative from the r. 
to Brog, to pierce. 
To BROGLE, Broggle, v. a. To prick, 

Loth. Brog, Job synon. 
To BROGLE up, r. a. To patch ; to 
vamp ; applied to shoes, Roxb. ; q. to 
cobble, or work by means of an awl or 
sharp-pointed implement. 
BROGUE, s. " A hum ; a trick," S. Burns. 
— Isl. brogd, astus, stratagemata, Verel. 
brigd, id. 
BROG- WORT, Broug-wort, s. A species 

of mead, Fife. V. Bragwort. 
BROICE. Leg. Broite. Barbour. 
BROICH, Broigh, (gutt.) s. Fume. A 
broich of heat; a violent heat ; a state of 
complete perspiration, Lanarks. Perths. 
Synon. with brothe, q. v. — C.B. broch, 
spuma, foam, froth. Broch-i, to fume. 
BROIG, adj. Perhaps from Bruges in 
Flanders. Broig Satin. Hay's Scotia 
Sacra. V. Baikin. 
To BROIGH, v. n. To be in a fume of 
heat ; to be in a state of violent perspira- 
tion and panting, Lanarks. V. Brothe. 
To BROIK, Brouk, v. a. To possess ; to 
enjoy, S. Act. Bom. Cone. — A.S. bruck- 
an; Te\it.bruyck-en, frui, potiri. E. brook 
is properly to endure. 
To BROILYIE, r. a. This term is applied 
to what is first parboiled, and then roast- 
ed on the brander or gridiron, Fife. — 
O.Fr. bruill-er, griller, rotir, secher ; 
BROILLERIE, s. A state of contention. 
Godscroft. — Fr. brouillerie, confusion. V. 
BROIZLE, Broozle, v. a. 1. To press; 
to crush to atoms. 2. The term seems 
to be also used in a loose sense, Ettr. For. 
Hogg. — Teut. brosel-en, breusel-en, in mini- 
mas micas frangere. 
BROK, s. Use.— A.S. broce ; Teut. broke, 

bmyk, ghc-bruyk, id. V. Bruik. 
BROK, Brock, Broks, s. 1. Fragments of 
any kind, especially of meat, S. Banna- 




tyne Poems. 2. Trash ; refuse, Fife. — 
Moes.G. ga-bruko; Alem. bruch, id. Hence 
also Germ, brocke, a fragment. 

To BROK, Brock, v. a. To cut, crumble, 
or fritter anything into shreds or small 
parcels, S. — Apparently formed as a fre- 
quentative, from break, if not immediately 
from the s. 

BROKAR, s. A bawd ; a pimp. Douglas. 
— This is merely a peculiar use of E. 

BROKED, adj. Variegated. V. Brocked. 

* BROKEN, part. pa. Individuals under 
sentence of outlawry, or who lived as 
vagabonds and public depredators, or were 
separated from their clans in consequence 
of crimes, were called Broken men. Acts 
Ja. VI. Spalding. 

BROKEN-WINDED, adj. Short-winded ; 
asthmatic ; generallv applied to horses, S. 

BROKYLL, ad/. Brittle. V. Brukyl. 

BROKIN STORIT. The stores broken in 
upon, of a ship, &c. Act. Dom. Cone. 

BROKITTIS, ?. pi. The same with E. 
Brocket, a red deer of two years old. 
Douqlas. — Fr. brocart, id. 

BRONCKED, pret. Pierced. Sir Gawan 
and Sir Gal. — Probably an error for 
broched, from Fr. brocket: 

BRO^BY^, part. pa. Branched. Houlate. 
— Fr. brondes, green boughs or branches. 

BRONGIE, s. A name given to the Cor- 
morant, Shetl. Penn. Zool. 

BRONYS, Brounys, Brownis, s. pi. 
Branches ; boughs. Douglas. — From the 
same origin with Brondyn. 

To BRONSE, v. n. To overheat one's self 
in a warm sun, or by sitting too near a 
strong fire, S. — Isl. bruni, inflammatio ; 
Moes.G. brunsts, incendium. 

BRONT, part. pa. Burnt, S. brunt. Dou- 
glas. V. Bryn, v. 

BROO, s. " I hae nae broo of them ava," 
I have no fatourable opinion of them. 
Old Mortality. 

BROO, s. Broth, juice, &c. V. Bree. 

BROOD, s. 1. A young child. 2. The 
youngest child of a family, Roxb. — A.S. 
brod, proles. 

BROODIE, adj. 1. Prolific; applied to 
the female of" any species that hatches or 
brings forth many young ; as, a broodie 
hen, S. 2. Brudy, applied to either sex. 
Bellcnden. 3. Fruitful ; in a general sense, 
S. Z. Boyd. A.S. brodiqc, incubans. 

To BROOFLE, Brufle, v.n. To be in a 
great hurry ; synon. with Broostle, Ettr. 
For. This seems to be the same with 
Bruffle, q. v. 

BROOFLE, Brufle, s. Impetuous haste, 
Ettr. For. 

BROOK, s. Soot adhering to anything, S.B. 

To BROOK, v. a. To soil with soot, S.B. 

BROOKET, adj. Having a dirty face, S. 
V. Broukit. 

BROOKIE,adj. Dirtied with soot; sooty,ib. 

BROOKIE, s. 1. A ludicrous designation 
for a blacksmith, from his face being be- 
grimed, S.B. Tarras's Poems. 2. A de- 
signation for a child whose face is streaked 
with dirt, S. 

BROOKABLE, adj. What may be borne 
or endured, S.; from E. brook, v. 

BROOM-DOG, .«. An instrument for grub- 
bing up broom, Mearns. 

BROOSE, s. A race at country weddings. 
V. Bruse. 

BROOST, s. Apparently, a spring or vio- 
lent exertion forward. Perhaps a corr. 
of the u. to breast, used in the same sense; 
and from Moes.G. brust, the breast. 

BROOSTLE, s. 1. A very bustling state ; 
coming forward impetuously, Ettr. For. 
2. Applied to a keen chase. Hogg. This 
differs from Breessil, Fife, merely in the 
change of the vowels. — Isl. brus-a, aes- 
tuare, broesur, contentiosus; Dan. brus-er, 
to rush, to foam, to roar ; applied to the 
waves of the sea. 

To BROOSTLE, Brustle, v. n. To be in 
a bustle about little ; to be in a great 
hurrv, Ettr. For. ; pron. q. Brussle. 

To BROOZLE, Bruizle, v. n. To perspire 
violently from toil, Teviotd. — Belg. broeij- 
cn, to grow warm or hot; or Teut. bruys- 
cn, to foam, as we speak of a brothe of 
sweat ; Isl. braedsla, fusio, liquefactio, 
brus-a, aestuare. 

BROSE, s. 1. A kind of pottage made by 
pouring boiling water or broth on meal, 
which is stirred while the liquid is poured, 
S. The dish is denominated from the 
nature of the liquid ; as, tcater-brose, 
kail-brose. Ross. 2. In Clydes. the term 
is applied to oat-meal porridge before it 
is thoroughly boiled. — A.S. ceales briu, 
kail-broo, S. ; briwas niman, to take pot- 
tage or brose. 

BROSE-MEAL, s, Meal of peas much 
parched, of which peas-brose is made, S. 

BROSE-TIME, s. Supper-time. Gl. An- 

BROSY-FACED, adv. Having a fat and 
flaccid face, S. St. Johnstoun. 

BROSIE, Brosy, adj. 1. Semifluid, S. 
2. Metaph. soft ; inactive, Lanarks. 3. Be- 
daubed with brose or porridge, S. 4. Mak- 
ing use of brose in one's profession, S.O. 

BROSILIE, adv. In an inactive manner, 

BROSINESS, s. 1. State of being semi- 
fluid. 2. Metaph. inactivity proceeding 
from softness of disposition, Lanarks. 

BROT, Brotach, s. A quilted cloth or co- 
vering, used for preserving the back of a 
horse from being ruffled by the Sliimach, 
on which the pannels are hung, being fas- 
tened to a pack-saddle, Mearns. — Isl. 
brot, plicatura. 

To BROTCH, v. a. To plait straw-ropes 
round a stack of corn, S.B.; synon. Brath, 
q. v. — Isl. brus-a, to fasten. 




BROTEKINS, Brotikins, s. pi. Buskins; 
a kind of half-boots. Lyndsay. — Fr. bro- 
dequin; Teut. broseken, a buskin. 

EROTHE, s. " A great brothe of sweat," a 
vulgar phrase used to denote a violent 
perspiration, S.— The word may be radi- 
cally the same with froth ; or allied to 
Isl. braede, braedde, liquefacio. 

To BROTHE, y. n. To be in a state of 
profuse perspiration, S. Chron. S. Poet. 

To BROTHER, v. a. 1. To admit to the 
state, and to the privileges, of brother- 
hood in any corporation or society, S. 2. 
It also denotes the convivial initiation of 
young members of a fraternity, as well as 
the ludicrous customs observed as a prac- 
tical parody on them, S. V. Brither. 

BROTHER-BAIRN, s. The child of an 
uncle ; a cousin, S. Pitscottie. 

BROUAGE. Salt Brouage. Salt made at 
Brouaqe'm France. 

BROUDSTER,s. Embroiderer. Pitscottie. 
— Fr. brod-er, to embroider. V. Browdin. 

BROUKIT, Brooked, Brcckit, Bruket, 
adj. The face is said to be broukit, when 
it has spots or streaks of dirt on it; when 
it is partly clean and partly foul. A sheep 
that is streaked or speckled in the face, 
is designed in the same manner. Burns. 
- — To Bruike, to make dirty, Northumb. ; 
Grose. There can be no doubt that this 
is originally the same with Brocked, 
Broakit. We may add to the etymon 
there given, Dan. broged, variegated ; 
speckled; grisled. 

BROW, s. " Nae brow" no favourable opin- 
ion. " An ill brow," an opinion precon- 
ceived to the disadvantage of any person 
or thing, S. Mary Stewart. V. Broo. 

To BROW, r. a. To face ; to browbeat, 
Ettr. For. Hogg. — From brow, s. super- 

BROW, s. A rising ground. Gait. The 
brow of a hill is an E. phrase, but brow 
does not seem to be used in this sense by 
itself. — A.S. bruw-a, intercilium. 

BROWCALDRONE, s. A vessel for brew- 
ing. Aberd. Req. 

BROWDEN'D,/W./>«. Arrayed; decked, 
Aberd. Skinner. 

BROWDIN, Browden, part. pa. Fond; 
warmly attached; eagerly desirous; hav- 
ing a strong propensity, S. It often im- 
plies the idea of folly in the attachment, 
or in the degree of it. Montgomerie. 
" To browden on a thing, to be fond of it, 
Northumb." Gl. Grose. — It may be formed 
from Belg. broed-en, to brood ; to hatch ; 
all creatures being fond of their young. 

BROWDYN,p«rt./>a. Embroidered. Wyn- 
toicn. — C.B. brod-io, and Fr. brod-er, to 
embroider ; Isl. brydd-a, pungere, brodd, 

BROWDIN, part. pa. Expl. "clotted; 
defiled ; filthy," Gl. Sibb. Chr. Kirk.— 
Teut. brodde, sordes. 

BROWDYNE, part. pa. Displayed ; un- 
furled. Barbour. — A.S. braed-an, to di- 
late ; to expand. 

BROWDINSTAR, s. An embroiderer. 
Coll. of Intentories. 

sion of an embroiderer. Formed from 
part. pa. Browdyn, q. v. with the addition 
of the termination ster, which originally 
marked a female. V. Browster. 

BRO WIN, part. pa. Brewed. Acts Mary. 
— A.S. browen, coctus, concoctus. 

BRO WIS, s. pi. Expl. " brats." Keith's 
Hist. — Perhaps from Teut. bruys, spuma. 

* BROWN, adj. The broth-pot is said to 
play brown, or to boil broicn, when the 
soup is rich with animal juice, S. Re- 
mains Nith. Song. 

BROWNIE, s. A spirit, till of late years, 
supposed to haunt some old houses, those, 
especially, attached to farms. Instead of 
doing any injury, he was believed to be 
very useful to the family, particularly to 
the servants, if they treated him well ; 
for whom, while they took their neces- 
sary refreshment in sleep, he was wont to 
do many pieces of drudgery, S. Douglas. 
— Ruddiman seems to think that these 
spirits were called Brownies, from their 
supposed " swarthy or tawny colour." 
They may be viewed as corresponding 
with the Swartalfar, i. e. swarthy or black 
elves of the Edda, as the Liosalfar, white, 
or fair elves, are analogous to our Fairies. 

BROWNIE-BAE, s. A designation given 
to Brownie, Buchan. The addition to the 
common name may have originated from 
Broicnies being supposed occasionally to 
frighten women and children with a wild 
cry resembling that of a brute animal. 

BROWNIE'S-STONE. An altar dedicated 
to Brownie. Martin's West. Islands. 

cant phrase for a knapsack. 2. Broicn 
Janet is also explained as signifying a 
musket. Pickeivs Gl. 

droich, dwarf, or subterranean elf. Gl. 
Antiquary. The Brown Man of the 
Muirs is a fairy of the most malignant 
order, the genuine duergar. Bord. Minst. 

BROWST, Browest, s. 1. As much malt 
liquor as is brewed at a time, S. Bur- 
row Lawes. 2. Used metaph. to denote 
the consequences of any one's conduct, 
especially in a bad sense. This is often 
called " an ill browst," S. " Stay and drink 
of your browst," S. Prov., Take a share of 
the mischief you have occasioned. Kelly. 
— Isl. brugg-a raed, invenire callida con- 
silia, brugqa suik, struere insidias. 

BROWSTER, Browstare, s. A brewer, S. 
Douglas. — A.S. briw-an, coquere cerevi- 
siam, to brew ; Teut. brouw-en, id. ; Isl. 
eg brugg-a, decoquo cerevisias. In the 
ancient Saxon, the termination ster af- 




fixed to a s. masculine, makes it feminine. 
Thus, baecestre properly signifies pistrix, 
"a woman-baker," Somn. 
BROWSTER-WIFE. A female ale-seller, 
especially in markets, S. Tarras's Poems. 
To BRUB, r. a. To check, to restrain, to 
keep under, to oppress, to break one's 
spirit by severity, S.B. ; allied perhaps 
to A.Bor. brub, to prick with a bodkin, 
Gl. Grose. 
BRUCHE, s. V. Broche. 
BRUCKILNESS, Brokilness, s. 1. Brit- 
tleness, S. 2. Apparently, incoherence, or 
perhaps weakness ; used metaphorically. 
King's Quair. 3. Moral inability. Poems 
\6th Century. From Bruckle, adj. 
BRUCKIT, adj. V. Brocked. 
BRUCKLE, adj. Brittle. V. Brukyl. 
BRUCKLIE, adv. In a brittle state or 

manner, Clydes. V. Brukyl. 
BRUDERIT,;xt^. pa. Fraternized.— Isl. 
bruditr; Germ, bruder, a brother. V. 
Brother, v. 
BRUDERMAIST, adj. Most affectionate ; 

literally, most brotherly. Dunbar. 
BRUDY, adj. Prolific ; applied to either 

sex. Bellenden. V. Broodie. 
BRUE, s. V. Bree. 

To BRUFFLE, v. n. To bruffle and sweat ; 
to moil and toil ; to be turmoiled and 
overheated, Dumfr. 
BRUG SATINE. Satin made at Bruges. 
BRUGH, Brogh, Brough, Burgh, s. 1. An 
encampment of a circular form, S.B. In 
Lothian, encampments of the circular form 
are called Ping-forts, from A. S.7<W«</,orbis, 
circulus. 2. This name is also given to the 
stronger sort of houses in which the Picts 
are said to have resided. Brand. 3. A 
borough. " A royal brugh ;" " A brugh 
of barony," as distinguished from the 
other, S.B. V. Burch. 4. A hazy circle 
round the disc of the sun or moon, gener- 
ally considered as a presage of a change 
of weather, is called a brugh or brogh, S. 
Statist. Ace. 5. The name given to two 
circles which aro drawn round the tee 
on the ice appropriated for curling, 
Clydes. — A.S. beorg, borli, munimentum, 
agger, arx, " a rampire, a place of defence 
and succour," Somner ; burg, castellum, 
Lye. The origin is probably found in 
Moes.G. bain/s, mons. 
BRUGHER, Brucher, s. " A stone which 
comes within the circles drawn round the 
tee, in curling," ibid. 
To BRUGHLE, t. n. To be in a state of 
quick motion, and oppressed with heat. 
He's brugldin up the brae, Perths. 
BRUGHTINS, s. pi. In the South of S. 
at the Lammas feast, provided for the 
shepherds, an oat-cake or bannock is 
toasted, then crumbled down, and, being 
put in a pot over the fire with butter, is 
made into a sort of pottage, and named 
Butter Brughthts. 

BRUGHTIN-CAKE, Braughtin, s. Green 
cheese-parings, or wrought curd, kneaded 
with butter or suet, and broiled in the 
frying-pan. It is eaten with bread by 
way of kitchen, Roxb. These terms seem 
allied to C.B. brwehan, Gael, brochan. 
Fris. brugghe, however, denotes bread be- 
smeared with butter ; Teut. bruicet, jus, 
jusculum, and Isl. bruggu, calida coctio. 
V. Brochan. 
BRUICK, Bruk, s. A kind of boil, S. 
Gl. Complaint. An inflamed tumour or 
swelling of the glands under the arm is 
called a bruick-boil, S.B., pron. as brook. 
— Isl. bruk, elatio, tumor ; expl. of a 
swelling that suppurates. 
To BRUIK, Bruke, Brook, p. a. To en- 
joy, to possess. Poems Buchan Dial. — 
A.S. bruc-an, Franc, gebruch-en, Su.G. 
Isl.bruk-a, Belg. bruyck-en, Germ, brauch- 
en, to use. 

To BRUILYIE, Brulyie, t. n. To fight ; 
to be engaged in a broil, Aberd. Skinner. 
— Fr. brouill-er, to make a great hurly- 
burly, to jumble. 

To BRUILYIE, Brulye, v. a. To bruilyie 
■up, to put into a ferment, Fife. 

To BRUIND, r. n. To emit sparks, &c. 
V. Brund. 

BRUINDIN, .«. The emission of sparks. 

BRUISK, adj. Brisk ; lively ; in high 
spirits. — Fr. brusque. 

BRUKYL, Bruckle, Brokyll, Broklie, 
adj. 1. Brittle, easily broken, S. Kelly. 
Hamilton. 2. Metaph. used in relation 
to the unsettled state of political mat- 
ters. Baillie. Or of one's personal con- 
cerns when in a state of disorder. Wa- 
rerley. 3. Variable, unsettled, as ap- 
plied to the weather. The Har'st Rig. 
4. It seems to signify soft, pliable, as ap- 
plied to the mind. Wyntou-n. 5. Fickle, 
inconstant. Wallace. 6. Inconstant, as 
including the idea of deceit. King's 
Quair. 7. Weak, delicate, sickly, S.B. 
8. Apt to fall into sin, or to yield to 
temptation. Abp. Hamiltoun. — Teut. 
brokel, fragilis, from brok-en, frangere ; 
Sw. braeckelig,id.; Germ, brocklicht, crumb- 

BRUKILNESSE, s. V. Bruckilness. 

BRUKIT,«(f/. Having streaks of dirt. V. 

To BRULYIE, r. a. To broil ; properly 
to roast cold boiled meat on the gridiron, 
Fife. — Fr. brusler, bruler, to scorch. 

To BRULYIE, t. n. To be overpowered 
with heat ; synon. with Brothe. 

BRULYIE, Brulyement, s. 1. A brawl, 
broil, fray, or quarrel, S. Rosa. Ramsay. 
2. Improperly used for a battle. Hamil- 
ton. — Fr. brouiller, to quarrel ; Su.G. 
brylla, foerbrilla, to embroil. 

To BRUMBLE, r. n. To make a hollow 
murmuring noise, as that of the rushing 
or agitation of water in a pool, S.O. — 




Teut. brummel-en, rugire, mugire ; Isl. 
bruml-a, murmurare, Su.G. bromnb-a, id. 
BRUMMIN, Applied to a sow 
desirous of the boar, Fife, Border. Brim- 
min, id., Loth. V. Breemin. 
To BRUND, Bruind, r. n. 1. To emit 
sparks as a flint does when struck. — It's 
brundln, the fire flies from it, S.B. 2. 
To glance, to sparkle ; applied to the 
eye, as expressing either love or anger. 
Campbell.— Su.G. brinn-a, to burn. 
BRUNDS, Brundis, Brwynds, s. pi. 1. 
Brands, pieces of wood lighted. Wallace. 
2. It seems to signify the remains of 
burnt wood, reduced to the state of char- 
coal, and as perhaps retaining some 
sparks. Barbour. 3. The term is still 
commonly used in Aug., only with greater 
latitude. — A.S. brond may be the origin ; 
as in the second sense it merely denotes 
a firebrand almost entirely burnt out. — 
Bronde is the O.E. orthography for what 
is now written brand. 
BRUNGLE, s. A job ; a knavish piece of 
business, Clydes. Apparently originally 
the same with Branqle. 
BRUNSTANE,s. Sulphur; brimstone,Ayrs. 
Jacobite Relics. — Germ, born-steen, id. ; 
from Belg. born-en, ardere. 
BRUNSTANE, adj. Of or belonging to 

sulphur, S., ibid. 
BRUNSTANE-MATCH, s. A match dip- 
ped in sulphur ; vulgarly denominated a 
spank, S. 
BRUNT, adj. Keen ; eager, Perths .— Teut. 

brunst, ardor, catulitio. 
BRUNT, pret. and part. pa. 1. Burned or 
burnt, S. Pitscottie. 2. Illegally touched ; 
a term used in Curling, and various 
games, Clydes. 
BRUNTLIN, s. A burnt moor, Buchan. 

Perhaps corr. from brunt land. 
BRUNTLIN, adj. Of or belonging to a 

burnt moor. Tarras's Poems. 
BRUS,s. Force, impetus. Douglas. — Belg. 
bruyssch-en, to foam or roar like the sea ; 
Su.G. brus-a, sonare ; De aquis cum im- 
petu ruentibus aut fluctibus maris ; Hire. 
To BRUS, Brusch, r. a. To force open, to 
press up. Wyntoicn. — Sicamb. bruys-en, 
premere, strepere. 
To BRUSCH, r. n. To burst forth, to rush, 
to issue with violence. Wallace. V. 
Brus, s. 
BRUSE, Broose, Bruise, s. To ride the 
bruse, 1. To run a race on horseback at 
a wedding, S., a custom still preserved 
in the country. Those who are at a wed- 
ding, especially the younger part of the 
company, who are conducting the bride 
from her own house to the bridegroom's, 
often set off, at full speed, for the latter. 
This is called, riding the bruse. He who 
first reaches the house is said to win the 
bruise. Burns. 2. Metaph. to strive, to 
contend in whatever way. P. Galloway. 

This means nothing more than riding for 
the brose, broth or kail, the prize of spice- 
broth, allotted in some places to the victor. 
* BRUSH, 8. To gie a brush at any kind of 
work ; to assist by working violently for 
a short time, S. — Dan. brus-er, to rush. 
BRUSHIE, adj. Sprucely dressed, or fond 
of dress ; as, " He 's a little brushie fal- 
low," Roxb. — Teut. bruys, spuma, bruys- 
en, spumare. 
BUVS1T, part. pa. Embroidered. Hoidate. 
— L.B. brusd-us, brust-us, acupictus ; Du 
Cange. V. Burde, s. 
BRUSKNESS, is. Unbecoming freedom of 
speech ; rudeness ; incivility, S. Dow- 
glasse's Serm. — Fr. bruse, brusque, rash, 
rude, uncivil. V. Bruisk. 
To BRUSSEL, Brushel, v. n. To rush 
forward in a rude and disorderly way, 
Ayrs. V. Breessil. 
BRUSSLE, s. Bustle, Loth.— A.S. brastl- 
ian, strepere, murmurare. V. Breessil. 
To BRUST, r. n. To burst. P. Bruce.— 

Teut. brost-en, brusten, Sw. brist-a, id. 
BRUSURY, s. Embroidery. Douglas. 
BRUTE, 8, Report ; rumour. The same 

with E. Bruit. Bell. Cron. 
BRUZZING, s. A term used to denote the 
noise made by bears. Urquhart's Pabe- 
lais. — Teut. bruys-en, rugire, strepere. 
BRWHS, s. Apparently, the same with 

Brus. Wyntown. 
To BU,Bue,i\ n. To low. It properly denotes 

the cry of a calf, S — Lat. bo-are, id. 
BU, Boo, s. 1. A sound meant to excite 
terror, S. Presb. Eloquence. 2. A bug- 
bear, an object of terror, ibid. — Belg. 
bauw, a spectre ; C.B. bo, a hobgoblin. 
BU-KOW, 8. Any thing frightful, as a 
scarecrow, applied also to a hobgoblin, 
S. — From bu and £o?r,co!f,agoblin. V. Cow. 
BU-MAN, s. A goblin ; the devil, S. Used 

as Bu-kow. 
BUAT, s. A lantern. V. Bowet. 
BUB, Bob, s. A blast, a gust of severe wea- 
ther. Douglas. — Allied perhaps to Isl. 
bobbe, malum, noxae ; or E. bob, to beat, 
as denoting the suddenness of its im- 
* BUBBLE, s. Snot ; as much snot as 

comes from the nose at once. 
To BUBBLE, en. To shed tears in a 
snivelling, blubbering, childish way, S. 
Bibble, Aberd. 
To BUBBLE and Greet. A vulgar phrase 
denoting the act of crying or weeping, 
conjoined with an effusion of mucus from 
the nostrils. Walker's Pemark. Pas. 
BUBBLY, adj. Snotty, S., A.Bor. 
BUBBLYJOCK, s. The vulgar name for 
a turkey-cock, S. Synon. Polliecock, S.B. 
Saxon and Gael, Grose. — The name 
seems to have originated from the shape 
of his comb. 
BUCHT, s. A bending ; a fold. Also a 
pen in which ewes are milked. V. Bought. 




BUCIIT, Bught, s. A measure of fishing 
lines, being fifty-five fathoms, Shetl. Evi- 
dently from the different folds in these 
lines. V. Boucht, s., a curvature. 

BUCK, s. The carcass of an animal. Acts 
Ja. VI. V. Bouk, Buik. 

BUCK,*. The beech-tree.— A.S. boc ; Su.G. 
boh ; Teut. buecke, fagus. V. Buik, Buk, 
a book. 

To BUCK out. To make a gurgling noise, 
as liquids when poured from a strait- 
necked bottle, S. Probably formed from 
the sound. 

To BUCK, r. n. To push, to butt, Perths. 
— Alem. lock-en, to strike ; whence 
Wachter derives bock, a he-goat. Su.G. 
bock, inipulsus, ictus. 

To BUCK and Crune. To show extreme 
solicitude for the possession of anything. 
" Ye needna insist on't, for ye sanna get 
it, if ye soud buck and crune for't"; 
Dumfr. It perhaps refers to the conduct 
of the buck, when rutting, in expressing 
his eagerness for the doe. Isl. buck-a, and 
Germ, bock-en, to strike with the horns, 
to butt ; from bock, cervus, caper. To 
crune is to emit a hollow sound, as cattle 
do when dissatisfied. V. Croyn. 

BUCKALEE. A call to negligent herds, 
who allow the cows to eat the corn, Mearns. 

BUCKASIE, Buckacy, s. A kind of buck- 
ram or calamanco. Act. Audit. — Fr. 
boccasin, fine buckram resembling taffeta; 
also calamanco. 

BUCKAW, g. The name given to the short 
game by which a bonspel, or match at cur- 
ling, is generally concluded, Lanarks. — 
Isl. buck-a, domare, subigere, and all ; q. 
that which settles all, the conquering 

BUCKBEAN, s. A name given in Roxb. 
to the common trefoil. It seems rather 
to be the Menyanthes Trifoliata, Marsh 
trefoil, or bog-bean. It grows somewhat 
like a bean, and many people in S. infuse 
and drink it for its medicinal virtues. 

BUCKER, s. A name given to a species of 
whale, West of S. Statist. Ace. 

BUCKETIE, s. The paste used by weavers 
in dressing their webs, S.O. ; corr. from 
Buckwheat, the grain from which it is 

BUCKIE, s. A smart blow, especially on 
the chops, Aberd. Mearns. — Su.G, bock, 
inipulsus, ictus ; Alem. bock-en, ferire. 

BUCKIE, s. Apparently, the hind quarters 
of a hare, Bauffs. — Teut. buyek, venter ; 
et uterus. 

BUCKIE, Bucky, s. 1. Any spiral shell, 
of whatever size, S. Muse's Threnodie. 
The Roaring Buckie, Buccinum unda- 
tum, Linn., is the common great wilk. — 
— Teut. buck-en, to bow, to bend ; as this 
expresses the twisted form of the shell. 
2. A perverse or refractory person is de- 
nominated a thrown buckle, and some- 

times, in still harsher language, a De'd's 
buckie, S. Waverley. Ramsay. 

BUCKIE INGRAM,'that species of crab 
denominated Cancer bernardus, New- 

BUCKIE PRINS. A periwinkle ; Turbo 
terebra, Linn. Also called Water-stoups. 

BUCKIE-RUFF, s. A wild giddy boy, or 
romping girl, Fife. Ruff seems synon. 
with Ruffe, q. v. 

BUCKIE-T YAUVE, s. A struggle ; a good- 
humoured wrestling match, Banffs. — 
From Isl. buck-a, subigere, domare, or 
bokki, vir grandis, and tyauve, the act of 
tousing. V. Taave, and Buckie, a blow. 

BUCKISE, s. A smart stroke, Aberd. 

To BUCKISE, r. a. To beat with smart 
strokes, Aberd. — Teut. boock-en, bok-en, 
tundere, pulsare, batuere ; Fr. buquer ; 
Germ, bock-en, beuk-en ; Su.G. bok-a, id. 
The origin seems to be Germ, bock, Isl. 
buck-r, a ram or goat, as striking with its 

To BUCKLE, r. u. To be married. Reg. 

To BUCKLE, v.a. 1. To join two per- 
sons in marriage ; used in a low or ludi- 
crous sense, S. Macneill. 2. Tobucklewith 
a person, to be so engaged in an argument 
as to have the worst, Fife. 3. To be buckled 
with a thing, to be so engaged in any 
business as to be at a loss to accomplish 
it ; as, " I was fairly buckled ivi't," Fife. 

marries persons in a clandestine and dis- 
orderly manner, S. 

To BUCKLE TO, v.a. To join in marriage. 
Train's Poetical Reveries. 

BUCKSTURDIE, adj. Obstinate, Strath- 
more. — Perhaps from Isl. bock, caper, and 
stird-ur, rigidus, stiff as a he-goat. 

BUCKTOOTH, g. Any tooth that juts out 
from the rest, S. — Sibb. derives this from 
Boks, q. y. Perhaps allied to Su.G. bok, 

BUD, Bude, v. impers. Behoved. Hogg. 
V. Boot. 

BUD, g. A gift ; generally one that is 
meant as a bribe. Acts Ja. I. — C.B. 
budd, Corn, bud, profit, emolument. Or 
shall we view it as formed from A.S. bude, 
obtulit, q. the bribe that has been offered? 

To BUD, Budd, v. a. To endeavour to 
gain by gifts, to bribe. Pitscottie. 

BUDT AKAR, s. One who receives a bribe. 
V. Bud. 

BUDDEN, part, pa. Asked ; invited ; as, 
" I'm hidden to the waddin'," I am in- 
vited to the wedding ; Unhidden, not 
invited, Roxb. 

BUDE-BE, s. An act which it behoved one 
in duty to perform, Clydcs. 

BUDGE, g. A kind of bill, used in war- 
fare. Douglas. — O.Fr. bouge, boulge, fau- 
cille, serpe ; Roquefort. 




BUDNA. Behoved not ; might not, Roxb. 

A. Scott. 
To BUE, r. n. To low as a bull. Hue 
denotes the lowing of a cow. — C.B. bu, 
buicch, signify both bos and vacca ; Isl. 
bu, armenta. 
BUF, Baf. A phrase which seems to have 
been formerly used in S. expressive of 
contempt of what another has said. Ni- 
col Barne. 
BUFE, s. Beef, S.B.— Fr. boevf, id. Isl. 

bufe, cattle ; from bu, an ox. 
To BUFF, r. n. To emit a dull sound, 
as a bladder filled with wind does, S. 
Chr. Kirk. 
BUFF, s. A term used to express a dull 
sound, S. It ployed buff, it made no 
impression.— Belg. boff-en, to puff up the 
cheeks with wind ; Fr. bouff-cr, id. 
To BUFF, r. a. To buff com, to give grain 
half thrashing, S. " The best of him is 
buft," a phrase commonly used to denote 
that one's natural strength is much gone, 
S.— Alem. buff-en, pulsare— To buff her- 
ring, to steep salted herrings in fresh 
water, and hang them up, S. 
BUFF, s. A stroke, a blow, S. Chr. 
Kirk.— Fr. bouffe, a blow, L.B. buffa, 
To BUFF out, r. n. To laugh aloud, S — 
Fr. boaffee, a sudden, violent, and short 
blast, buff-ir, to spurt. 
BUFF, s. Nonsense, foolish talk, S. Shir- 
refs — Teut. beffe, id., nugae, irrisio ; Fr. 
buffoi, vanite' ; also moquerie. 
BUFF, s. Skin. Stript to the buff, stript 
naked, S.— Perhaps from E. buff as de- 
noting leather prepared from the skin of 
a buffalo. 
BUFF NOR STYE. lie cou'd neither say 
buff nor stye, S., i. e., " He could neither 
say one thing nor another." It is also 
used, but, I suspect, improperly, in regard 
to one who has no activity ; He has nei- 
ther buff nor stye with him, S.B. It is 
used in another form, to ken, or knoxc, 
neither buff nor stye : and in Ayrs. it is 
used differently from all these examples. 
" He would neither buff nor stye for fa- 
ther nor mother, friend nor foe." The 
Entail. — Teut. bof, celeusma, a cheer 
made by mariners. Stye might be viewed 
as referring to the act of mounting the 
shrouds, from Su.G. stig-a f to ascend. 
BUFFER, s. A foolish fellow ; a term 
much used among young people, Clydes. 
— Fr. bouffard, " often puffing, strouting 
out, swelling with anger," Cotgr. 
BUFFETS, .«. pi. A swelling in the glands 
of the throat, Aug. (branks, synon.) Pro- 
bably from Fr. bottffe, swollen. 
BUFFETSTOOL, s. A stool with sides, 
in form of a square table with leaves, 
when these are folded down, S. Lincolns. 
id. A. Douglas. — Fr. buffet, a sideboard ; 
expl. by Roquefort, dressoir, which de- 

notes a board for holding plates, without 
box or drawer. 
BUFFIE, Buffle, adj. 1. Fat ; purfled ; 
applied to the face, S. 2. Shaggy ; " as, a 
buffie head," when the hair is both copious 
and dishevelled, Fife. Synon. Towzie — 
Fr. bouffe, blown up, swollen. 
BUFFIL, adj. Of or belonging to the buf- 
falo;as,"^4«giH//?ZcoaV'acoatof leather; 
ane buffi belt, a buff belt. This shows 
that the leather we now call buff was ori- 
ginally called buffi, or buffalo. Aberd.Beg. 
BUFFLIN, part. pr. Rambling, roving, 
unsettled ; still running from place to 
place, or engaged in some new project or 
other ; a term generally applied to boys, 
Tweedd.— Fr. buffelin, of or belonging to 
a wild ox ; q. resembling it. 
BUFFONS, s. pi. Pantomimic dances ; so 
denominated from the buffoons, les bou- 
fons, by whom they were performed. Gl. 
Compl.—Fr. boufons, those by whom they 
were performed. V. Branglis. 
BUG, pret. Built. Minstrelsy Border. V. 

Big, v. 
BUG SKIN,s. A lamb's skin dressed. Act. 

Dom. Cone. 
BUGABOO, s. A hobgoblin, Fife ; pron. 
as buggabu. — Perhaps from S. bugge, bug- 
bear, and boo, bu, a term expressive of 
terror. V. Bu. 
BUGASINE, s. A name for calico. Bates. 
BUGE, s. " Lamb's fur ; Fr. agnelin." 
Rudd. Douglas.— Ft. bouge, E. budge,id. 
BUGGE, s. A bugbear. V. Boggarde. 
BUGGEN, part. pa. Built ; from the r. 

to Big, Clydes. 
BUGGLE, s. A bog, a morass, S.B. This 
seems to be merely a dimin. from Ir. and 
E. bog. 
BUGHE, s. Braid o/bughe ; perhaps, fine 
light bread grateful to the mouth, Aberd. 
Beg. Bughe, appears to be a corr. from 
Fr. bouche, the mouth ; as pain de bouche 
signifies light and savoury white bread. 
BUGHT, s. A pen in which the ewes 

are milked. V. Boucht. 
BUGIL, Bugill, s. A buglehorn. Dou- 
glas. — Q,. buculae cornu, the horn of a 
young cow ; or from Teut. boghel, Germ. 
bugel, curvatura. Rather perhaps the 
horn of a bull, as bugle and bull are in- 
flections of the same word. 
BUGLE LACE, s. Apparently, lace re- 
sembling the small bead called a bugle. 
BUICK. Meaning uncertain. Perhaps, 

Teut. benck ran I'schip, carina. 
BUICK, pret. Curtsied ; from the v. Beck. 

To BUIGE, v. n. To bow, to cringe. Mait- 

land Boems.— A.S. bu<j-an, to bend. 
BUIK, s. The body. V. Bouk. 
BUIK, Buke, pret. Baked. Dunbar. — 

A.S. boc, coxit, from bac-an. 
BUIK, Brie, Buke, Beuk, s. 1. A book, 




S. Dunbar. 2. The Buik, the Holy 
Bible ; a phrase of respect resembling 
Lat. Biblia, S. Hence, To Tak the 
Buik, to perform family worship, S. 
Cromek's Remains. — Germ, buch, Alem. 
bonch, Belg. boek, A.S. boc, Moes.G. Isl. 
Su.G. bok, id. It has been generally sup- 
posed that the Northern nations give this 
name to a book, from the materials of 
which it was first made, bok, signifying a 
beech tree. 
BUIK-LARE, s. Learning, the knowledge 
acquired by means of a regular educa- 
tion, S. Sometimes merely instruction 
in reading. 
BUIK-LEAR'D, Book-lear'd, adj. Book- 
learned, S. A. NicoL— Isl. boklaerd-ur, 
id. V. Lare, r. and s. 
BUIKAR, s. Apparently, a clerk or book- 
keeper. — A.S. bocere, scriptor, scriba ; in- 
terpres ; Moes.G. bokareis, scriba. 
BU1L, s. Apparently, a sheep-fold; a byre, 

Shetl.— Su.G. bode, byle, domuncula. 
To BUIL, Build, v. a. To drive sheep into 
a fold, or to house cattle in a byre, Shetl.; 
synon. with Bucht. 
BUILDING, s. The act of enclosing sheep 

or cattle, ibid. 
BUILYETTIS, Bulyettis, s. pi. Probably, 
pendants. Inventories. — O.Fr. bulleUes, 
" such bubbles or bobs of glasse as wo- 
men weare for pendants at their eares," 
BUILYIE, s. A perplexity; a quandary. 

— Isl. bull, confusio. 
BUIR, Leg. Leuir. Wallace. 
BUIRE, pret, Bore ; brought forth. Pit- 
scot tie. 
BUISE, To shoot the buise. Cleland.— Ap- 
parently, to swing, to be hanged ; perhaps 
from Ital. busco, the shoot of a tree ; q. 
to spring from the fatal tree. 
BUIST, s. A part of female dress, an- 
ciently worn in S. ; perhaps stays. Mait- 
land P. — Fr. busq, or buste, a plaited body, 
or other quilted thing, worn to make or 
keep the body straight. Ital. busto, stays 
or bodice. 
BUIST, s. A thick and gross object ; used 
of animate beings ; as, He's a buist of a 
fallow, he is a gross man. From Fr. 
buste, as denoting a cast of the gross part 
of the body. 
To BUIST up, r. a. To enclose, to shut up. 

BUIST, v. impers. Behoved. V. Boot, But. 
BUIST, Buste, Boist, s. LA box or 
chest, S. Meal-buist, chest for contain- 
ing meal. Acts Ja. II. 2. A coffin ; 
nearly antiquated, but still sometimes 
used by tradesmen, Loth. 3. The dis- 
tinctive mark put on sheep whether by 
an iron or by paint; generally the initials 
of the proprietor's name, Roxb. Tweedd. 
4. Transferred to anything viewed as a 
distinctive characteristic of a fraternity. 

Mo7iastery. — O.Fr. boiste, Arm. bouest, a 
To BUIST, v. a. To mark sheep or cattle 
with the proprietor's distinctive mark, 
Roxb. Tweedd. 
BUISTIN'-IRON, s. The iron by which 
the mark on sheep is impressed. The 
box in which the iron is kept for marking 
is called the Tar-buist, ibid. 
BUIST-MAKER, s. A coffin-maker, Loth.; 

a term now nearly obsolete. 
BUISTY,s. Abed,Aberd. Gl. Shirr.; used 
perhaps for a small one, q. a little box. 
V. Booshty. 
BUITH, s. A shop. V. Bothe. 
BUITHHAVER,s. One who keeps a shop 

or booth. 
BUITING, s. Booty. Montgomerie.—Yr. 

butin, Ital. butino, id. 
BUITS, 8. pi. Matches for firelocks. Bail- 
lie's Letters. — Gael, buite, a firebrand. 
To BUITTLE, Bootle,V. n. To walk un- 
gracefully, taking short steps, with a stot- 
ting or bouncing motion, Roxb. 
BUKASY, Bukkesy, s. Fine buckram or 
calamanco ; a stuff formerly used for fe- 
male dress. V. Buckasie. 
BUK-HID, Buk-hud, s. Henrysone. — This 
seems to be an old name for some game, 
probably Blindman's-buff, Bo-peep, or 
Hide and Seek. V. Belly-blind. 
To BUKK, r. a. To incite, to instigate. 
Evergreen. — Germ, boch-en, to strike, boc- 
ken, to push with the horn ; Su.G. bock, 
a stroke ; Isl. buck-a, calcitrare. 
BULDRIE, s. Building, or mode of build- 
ing. Buret. 
BULFIE, adj. Apparently, buffleheaded ; 

dull ; stupid, Aberd. 
BULGET, s. Perhaps, bags or pouches. 

Balfour's Pract. — Fr. boulgette. 
BULYIEMENT, s. Habiliments ; pro- 
perly such as are meant for warfare. Ross. 
— Bulyiements is still used ludicrously for 
clothing, S. V. Abulyiement. 
BULYETTIS, s. pi. Mails or budgets.— 

From Fr. boulgette, id. V. Bulget. 
BULYON, s. Perhaps, crowd ; collection. 

St. Patrick. — Gael, bolqan, a budget. 
BULLS, s. pi. Pot-bulis. Bools of a pot. 

V. Bool, s. 
BULL, s. Properly the chief house on an 
estate ; now generally applied to the 
principal farm-house. Rent ah 'of Orkn. — 
Isl. boel, civitas, praedium ; S.G. bol, do- 
micilium ; Norw. bu signifies a dwelling- 
house. V. Boo, Bow. 
BULL, s. A dry, sheltered place, Shetl. 
BULL, s. Black Bull of Norroway ; a bug- 
bear used for stilling children, Aug. 
To BULL in, r. a. To swallow hastily and 
voraciously. " / was bulling in my break- 
fast," I was eating it as fast as possible, 
To BULL, r. n. To take the bull ; a term 
used with respect to a cow. Both the 




t. and s. are pron. q. bill, S. — Bill-siller, 
S.j is analogous to Teut. botte-gheld, mer- 
ces pro admissura tauri. 
BULLING, a-bulling, part, pr. " The 
cow's a-bulling" she is in season, and 
desires the male. V. the v. to Bull. 
BULLE, s. A Shetland oil measure. — Sw. 
bulle, cratera fictilis; the same with E. 
To BULLER, <e. n. 1. To emit such a 
sound as water does, when rushing vio- 
lently into any cavity, or forced back 
again, S. Douglas. — Su.G. bullr-a tu- 
multuari, strepitum edere. 2. To make 
a noise with the throat, as one does when 
gargling it with any liquid, S. ; i/uller, 
synon. Bellenden. 3. To make any rat- 
tling noise ; as when stones are rolled 
down hill, or when a quantity of stones 
falls together, S.B. 4. To bellow, to 
roar as a bull or cow does, S. ; also pron. 
hollar, Aug. — Isl. baitl-a, mugire, baul, 
mugitus. 5. It is used as r. a. to denote 
the impetus or act productive of such a 
sound as is described above. Douglas. 
BULLER, Bulloure, s. 1. A loud gurgling 
noise, S. Douglas. Hence, the Butters 
of Buchan, the name given to an arch in 
a rock, on the coast of Aberdeenshire. — 
Su.G. biiller, strepitus. 2. A bellowing 
noise ; or a loud roar, S.B. V. the v. 
BULLETSTANE, s. A round stone, S. 
— Isl. bollut-ur, round ; bollut, convexity. 
BULLFIT, s. A martin ; a swift, Dumfr. 
BULLFRENCH, s. Corr. of Bullfinch; as 
the Greenfinch is called Greenfrench, and 
Goldfinch, Go u-dfrench. 
BULLIHEISLE,*s. A play among boys, 
in which, all having joined hands in a line, 
a boy at one of the ends stands still, and 
the rest all wind round him. The sport 
especially consists in an attempt to heeze 
or throw the whole mass over on the 
ground, Upp. Clydes. 
BULLIHEIZILIE, s. A scramble ; a 

squabble, Clydes. 
BULLION, s. A name for the pudenda in 
some parts of Orkney — Allied perhaps to 
Su.G. bol-as, Germ, bul-en, moechari ; O. 
Teut. bo-el, ancilla, concubina. 
To BULLIRAG, r. a. To rally in a con- 
temptuous way, to abuse one in a hector- 
ing manner, S. Campbell. — Isl. baul, bol, 
maledictio, and raegia, deferre, to re- 
BULLIRAGGLE, s. A noisy quarrel, in 
which opprobrious epithets are bandied, 
Upp. Clydes. V. Bullirag. 
BULL-OF-THE-BOG, s. A name given to 

the bittern. Guy Mannering. 
BULLS, s. pi. Strong bars in which the 
teeth of a harrow are placed, S.B. Statist. 
Ace— Su.G. bol, Isl. bolr, truncus. 
BULLS-BAGS, s. The tuberous Orchis, 
Orchis morio, and mascula, Linn. Ang. 
and Mearns.— " Female and Male Fool- 

stones ;" Lightfoot. It receives its name 
from the resemblance of the two tuber- 
cles of the root to the testes. 

BULL'S-HEAD. A signal of condemna- 
tion, and prelude of immediate execu- 
tion, said to have been anciently used in 
Scotland. To present a bull's-head be- 
fore a person at a feast, was in the an- 
cient turbulent times of Scotland, a com- 
mon signal for his assassination. Pits- 

BULL-SEGG, s. A gelded bull. V. Segg. 

BULL-SEGG, s. The great cat-tail or 
reedmace, Typha latifolia, Linn. S.B. The 
same with Bulls-bags, q. v. 

BULTY, adj. Large, Fife.— This may be 
allied to Teut. bult, gibbus, tuber ; Belg. 
bult, a bunch, bultje, a little bunch ; Isl. 
buhl, crassus. 

BULWAND, s. The name given to com- 
mon mugwort, Orkney, Caithn. Neill. 

BUM, s. A lazy, dirty, tawdry, careless 
woman, chiefly applied to women of high 
stature. — Perhaps Isl. bumb-r, venter. 

BUM, s. A humming noise, the sound 
emitted by a bee, S. V. the r. 

To BUM, r. n. 1. To buzz, to make a 
humming noise ; nsed with respect to 
bees, S. A.Bor. /. Nicol. 2. Used to 
denote the noise of a multitude. Hamil- 
ton. 3. As expressing the sound emitted 
by the drone of a bag-pipe, S. Ferguson. 

4. Used to denote the freedom of agree- 
able conversation among friends, S.B. — 
Belg. bomm-en, to resound ; Teut. bomme, 
a drum. 

BUMBARD, adj. Indolent, lazy.— Ital. 
bombare, a humble-bee. Dunbar. 

BUMBART, s. 1. The drone-bee, or per- 
haps a flesh-fly. Melrill's MS. 2. A 
drone, a driveller. Dunbar. 

BUMBAZED, Bombazed, adj. Stupified, 

5. Ross. — Q,. stupified with noise ; from 
Teut. bomm-en, resouare, and baesen, de- 
lirare. V. Bazed. 

BUMBEE, s. A humble-bee, a wild bee 
that makes a great noise, S. Bumble-bee, 
id. A.Bor. — Q. the bee that bums. 

BUMBEE-BYKE, s. A nest of humble- 
bees. Davidson's Seasons. 

BUMBELEERY-BIZZ. A cry used by 
children to frighten cows with the Bizz of 
the gadfly, Loth. 

BUM-CLOCK, s. A humming beetle, that 
flies in the summer evenings. Burns. 

BUM-FODDER, s. Paper for the use of 
the water-closet. 

BUMLACK, Bumlock, s. A small pro- 
minent shapeless stone, or whatever en- 
dangers one's falling, or proves a stum- 
bling-block, Aberd. — Perhaps from Isl. 
bunga, tumor, protuberantia. 

BUMLING, s. The humming noise made 
by a bee. — Lat. bombil-are, to hum ; Isl. 
buml-a, resonare. 

BUMMACK, Bummock, s. 1. An enter- 




tainment anciently given at Christmas by 
tenants to their landlords, Orkn. Wal- 
lace's Orhi. 2. A brewing of a large 
quantity of malt, for the purpose of being 
drunk at once at a merry meeting, 
Caithn. — Isl. 6«a,parare,and JHa</e, socius, 
q. to make preparation for one's compan- 
ions ; or bo, villa, incola, and mage, the 
fellowship of a village or of its inhabi- 

BUMMELER, Boiler, s. A blundering 
fellow, S. 

BUMMER, s. A thin piece of wood with 
which children play, swinging it round by 
a cord, and making a booming sound. 
Evidently named from the sound which 
it produces. 

BUMMIE, 8. A stupid fellow ; a fool, 
Perths. Stirlings. — Teut. bomme, tympa- 
num, q. empty as a drum ; or, perhaps, 
from Bumbil, a drone, q. v. 

BUMMIL, Bummle, Bombei.l, s. 1. A wild 
bee. Davidson. 2. A drone, an idle fel- 
low. Burns. 3. A blunderer, Galloway. 
Daridson. — Teut. bommele, fucus. V. Ba- 

To BUMMIL, r. «. To bungle ; also, as 
r. n. to blunder, S. Ramsay. 

BUMMING DUFF. The tambourine ; a 
kind of drum, struck with the fingers. 

BUMMLE, s. A commotion in liquid sub- 
stances, occasioned by the act of throw- 
ing something into them, Shetl. — Isl. 
buml-a, resonare. 

BUMP, s. LA stroke. " He came bum}) 
upon me," he came upon me with a stroke, 
S. 2. A tumour, or swelling, the effect 
ofafallor stroke. — Isl. bomps,a, stroke 
against any object, bomp-a, cita ruina 

BUMPLEFEIST, g. A sulky humour ; a 
fit of spleen. Y. Amplefeyst and Wdi- 

BUN, Bum!, 8. A sweet cake or loaf; gen- 
erally one of that kind which is used at 
the new year, baked with fruit and spi- 
ceries ; sometimes, for this reason, called 
a sweetie-scone, S. Stat. Ace. — Ir. bunna, 
a cake. 

BUN, g. 1. The same as E. bum. Lyndsay. 
2. This word signifies the tail or brush of 
a hare, Border ; being used in the same 
sense -with. fad. Watson's Coll. — Ir. bon, 
bun, the bottom of any thing ; Dan. bund, 
id. ; Gael, bun, bottom, foundation. 

BUN, s. A large cask placed in a cart, for 
the purpose of bringing water from a dis- 
tance; Aug. — This maybe radically the 
same with S. boyn, a washing-tub. 

BUNCE, interj. An exclamation used by 
boys at the Edinburgh High School. 
When one finds any thing, he who cries 
Bunce! has a claim to the half of it. 
"Stick up for your bunce," stand to it, 
claim your dividend. — Perhaps from bo- 
nus,$is denoting a premium or reward. 

To BUNCH about. To go about in a hob- 
bling sort of way ; generally applied to 
one of a squat or corpulent form, Roxb. 

BUND-SACK, g. A person of either sex 
who is engaged, or under a promise of 
marriage ; a low phrase, borrowed from 
the idea of a sack being bound, and tied 
up, S. 

BUNE, Boox, g. The inner part of the 
stalk of flax, the core, that which is of no 
use, afterwards called shaics, Ang. Been, 
id., Morays. 

BUNER, adj. Upper ; comparative, Upp. 
Clydes. Loth. V. Booner, Boonmost. 

BUNEWAND, g. The cow-parsnip, Hera- 
cleum sphondylium, is called Bunwand, 
S.B. Montgomerie. Also, perhaps, a hemp- 
stalk pilled, bidlen, Grose. — This appears 
to be of the same meaning with Bunicede. 

BUNG, adj. Tipsy ; fuddled ; a low word, 
S. Ramsay. Q. smelling of the bung. 

To BUNG, r. n. To emit a booming or 
twanging sound, as when a stone is pro- 
jtelled from a sling, or like a French top 
thrown off, West and South of S. 

BUNG, s. 1. The sound thus emitted when 
the stone or top is thrown off. 2. Impro- 
perly used to denote the act of throwing 
a stone in this way, S. — Teut. bunge, 
bonghe, tympanum. Ihre views Germ. 
bunge, a drum, as derived from Su.G. 
bung-a, to beat or strike. 

BUNG-TAP, s. A humming-top ; so deno- 
minated from the sound it makes when 
in rapid motion. 

To BUNG, r. a. To throw with violence, 
Aberd. Bum, synon., Loth. 

BUNG, s. Pet ; huff, Moray. In a bung; 
in a pet or huff, Aberd. 

BUNG Y, adj. Huffish ; pettish ; testy, ibid. 

BUNG, s. 1. An old, worn-out horse, Loth, 
synon. Bassie. 2. The instep of a shoe, S. 

BUNG-FU', adj. Full to the bung ; quite 
intoxicated ; a low word. 

BUNGIE, adj. Fuddled ; a low word. 

BUN Y AN, s. A corn; a callous substance. 

BUNYOCH, g. The diarrhoea. 

BUNKER, Buxkart, .«. 1. A bench, or 
sort of low chest, serving for a seat. 
Ramsay. 2. A seat in a window, which 
also serves for a chest, opening with a 
hinged lid, S. Sir J. Sinclair. 3. It seems 
to be the same word which is used to de- 
note an earthen seat in the fields, Aberd. 
Law Case. — A.S. bene; Su.G. baenck, a 
bench ; Isl. buncke, acervus, strues, a 

BUNKLE,s. A stranger. " The dog barks 
because he kens you to be a bunkle." 
This word is used in some parts of Angus. 
— Perhaps, originally, a mendicant, from 
Isl. bon, mendicatio, and karl, vulgarly 
kail, homo. 

BUNNEL, .«. Ragwort. Senecio Jacobaea, 
Liun. Upp. Clydes. V. Bunwede. 

BUNNERTS, s. pi. Cow-parsnip, S.B. 




Heracleum sphondylium, Linn. — Perhaps 
q. biorn-oert, which in Sw. would be, the 
bear's wort ; Isl. buna, however, is ren- 
dered by Haldorson, Pes bovis, vel ursi. 

BUNNLE, s. The cow-parsnip, Heracleum 
sphondylium, Linn., Lanarks. 

BUNT, g. The tail or brush of a hare or 
rabbit. Synon. Bun and Fud. — Gael. 
bundun, the fundament, bunalt, a founda- 
tion ; C.B. bontin, the buttock. It may, 
however, be allied to Belg. bont, fur, skin. 

BUNTA, s. A bounty. V. Bounteth. 

BUNTY, s. A hen without a rump. — Dan. 
bundt; Su.G. bunt, a bunch. Or, rather, 
V. Bunt. 

BUNTIN, adj. Short and thick ; as, a 
buntln brat, a plump child, Roxb. 

BUNTLIN, Corn-buntlin, s. 1. Bunting, 
E. The Emberiza miliaria, a bird, Mearns. 
Aberd. 2. The Blackbird, Galloway. 

BUNTLING, adj. The same as Buntln, 
Strathmore. — Su.G. bunt, fasciculus. 

BUNWEDE, 5. Ragwort, an herb ; Sene- 
cio Jacobaea, Linn. S. biniceed ; synon. 
weeboic. Houlate. — This name is also 
given, S. to the Polygonum convolvulus, 
which in Sw. is called Binda. 

BUR. V. Creeping-Bur, Upright-Bur. 

BUR, s. The cone of the fir, S.B.— Su.G. 
barr denotes the leaves or needles of the 

BUR, Bur-Thrissil, s. The spear-thistle, 
S. Carduus lanceolatus. Bur-thistle, id., 

BUR, s. Apparently, a bore or perforation ; 
as in the head of the spear into which the 
shaft enters. — Teut. boor, terebra, boor-en, 

To BURBLE, v. n. To purl. Hudson.— 
Teut. borbd-en, scaturire. 

BURBLE, s. Trouble ; perplexity ; dis- 
order, Ayrs. — Fr. barbouill-er, to jumble, 
to confound ; whence also the v. Barbuluie. 

BURBLE-HEADED, adj. Stupid ; con- 
fused, Dumfr. 

BURCH, Bwrch, Burowe, s. Borough ; 
town. Dunbar. — Moes.G. baurgs; A.S. 
burg, burli, buruh, id. 

BURD, s. A lady; a damsel. V. Bird. 

BURD, Burde, s. Board; table. Dunbar. 
— Moes.G. baurd, asser, tabula ; A.S. 
bord, id. 

BURD,s. Offspring,S.— A.S.%rd,nativitas. 

BURDALANE, s. A term used to denote 
one who is the only child left in a family; 
q. bird alone, or solitary; burd being the 
pron. of bird. Maitland MSS. 

BURDCLAITH,s. A table-cloth, S. West- 
morel., id. Dunbar. — From burd, and 
claith, cloth. 

BURD-HEAD, Boord-head, g. The head 
of the table ; the chief seat, S. Ramsay. 

BURDE, s. Ground ; foundation. Bellen- 
den. — Su.G. bord, a footstool. 

BURDE, s. A strip ; properly an orna- 
mental selvage; as, a "burde of silk," 

a selvage of silk. Dunbar. — Su.G. borda, 
limbus vel praetexta ; unde silkesborda, 
cingulum sericum vel limbus ; gullbord, 
limbus aureus ; Teut. board, limbus. 

BURDENABLE,arf/\ Burdensome. Spald- 

BURDIE, s. A small bird ; a young bird. 
Diminutive from E. bird. 

BURDYHOUSE, s. Gang to Burdyliouse ! 
A sort of malediction uttered by old 
people to those with whose conduct or 
language they are,or pretend to be, greatly 
dissatisfied. — From Fr. Bourdeaux. 

BURDYN, adj. Wooden ; of or belonging 
to boards. Wallace. — A.S. bord ; S. burd, 
buird, a board, a plank. 

BURDING, s. Burden. Montgomerie.— 
V. Birth, Byrth. 

BURDINSECK. V. Berthinsek. 

BURDIT, part. pa. Stones are said to be 
burdit, when they split into lamina, S. 
Perhaps from burd, a board ; q. like 
wood divided into thin planks. 

BURDLY, Buirdly, adj. Large, and well- 
made, S. The E. word stately, is used 
as synon. A buirdly man. Burns. — Isl. 
burdur, the habit of body, strength, pro- 
priae vires ;afburdurmenn,exceUent men. 

BURDLINESS, Buirdliness, s. Stateli- 
ness, S. V. Burdly. 

BURDOCKEN, s. The burdock, Arctium 
lappa. Train's P. Beveries. V. Docken. 

BURDON, Burdoun, Burdowne, s. 1. A 
big staff, such as pilgrims were wont to 
carry. Douglas. — Fr. bourdon, a pilgrim's 
staff; O.Fr. bourde, a baton; Isl. brodd- 
sta/ur, scipio,hastulus,hastile. 2. Be staff 
and burdon, a phrase respecting either in- 
vestiture or resignation. Bellenden. 

BURDOUN, s. " The drone of a bagpipe, 
in which sense it is commonly used in S." 
Buddiman. — Fr. bourdon, id. 

BURDOWYS, s. Men who fought with 
clubs. Barbour. — Burdare (Matt. Paris) 
is to fight with clubs, after the manner 
of clowns, qui, he says, Anglis Burdons. 

BUREDELY, adv. Forcibly; vigorously. 
Sir Gau-an and Sir Gal. V. Burdly. 

BUREIL, Bural, adj. Vulgar; rustic. 
Wallace.— Chaucer, borel, id. ; L.B. bu- 
rell-us, a species of coarse cloth ; Teut. 
buer, a peasant. 

BURG of ice. A whale-fisher's phrase for 
a field of ice floating in the sea, S. — Germ. 
berg, a hill or mountain. Eisberg is the 
common term among the Danes, Swedes, 
and Dutch and German navigators, for 
the floating mountains of ice. 

BURGENS, s. pi. Burgesses. Wyntovn. 
■ — Lat. burgens-es. 

BURGEOUN, s. Abud;ashoot. Douglas. 
— Fr. burgeon, id. ; Su.G. boerja, oriri ; 
Isl. bar, gemma arborum. 

To BURGESS, r. a. 1. In riding the 
marches of a town, it was an ancient cus- 
tom of the burgesses in their progress to 




seize their new-made brethren by the 
arras and legs, and strike their buttocks 
on a stone. This was termed bvrgessing, 
Fife. 2. The same term was used by the 
rabble in Edinburgh, who were wont, on 
the king's birth-day, to lay hold of those 
who were on their way to the Parlia- 
ment-House to drink his majesty's health, 
and give them several smart blows on the 
seat of honour on one of the posts which 
guarded the pavement, or on one of the 
wooden boxes then used to cover the 
water-plugs. This they called making 
them free of the good town. V. Bejan, v. 

BURIALL, 8. A place of interment ; a 
burying place. — A.S. byrigels, sepultura, 
sepulcrum, &c. 

BURIAN, g. A mound; a tumulus; or a 
kind of fortification, S., Aust. Stat. Ace. 
— From A.S. beorg, burg, mons, acervus ; 
or byrigenn, byrgene, sepulcrum, monu- 
mentum, tumulus. 

BURIEL, $.' Probably, a coarse and thick 
kind of cloth. Hay's Scotia Sacra. — 
Perhaps from Fr. burell ; L.B. burell-us, id. 

BURIO, Boreau, Burrio, Burior, Bur- 
riour, s. An executioner. Bellenden. — 
Fr. bourreau, id. 

BURLAW, Byrlaw, Birley, Barley. 
Byrlaie Court, a court of neighbours, re- 
siding in the country, which determines 
as to local concerns. Skene. Reg. Maj. 
— From Belg. baur, (boer,) a husband- 
man, and law; or as Germ, bauer, A.S. 
bur, Isl. byr, signify a village, as well as 
a husbandman, the term may signify the 
law of the village or district. 

BURLIE-BAILIE, s. An officer employed 
to enforce the laws of the Burlaw Courts. 

BURLED, Burltt, part. pa. Acts Ja. II. 
Does this signify burnt, from Fr. brul-er? 

BURLET, s. A standing or stuffed neck 
for a gown. — Fr. bourlet, bourrelet, " a 
wreath or a roule of cloth, linnen, or lea- 
ther, stuffed with flockes, haire, &c. ; also, 
a supporter (for a ruffe, &.c.) of satin, caf- 
fata, &c.,and having an edge like a roule," 

BURLY, s. A crowd ; a tumult, S.B.— 
Tent, borl-en, to vociferate. Hence E. 

BURLY, Buirlie, adj. Stately; rough; 
strong; as applied to buildings. Wallace. 
— Teut. boer; Germ, bauer, a boor, with 
the termination lie, denoting resemblance. 

BURLY-HEADED, adj. Having a rough 
appearance ; as, " a burly-headit fallow," 

BURLY-TWINE, s. A kind of strong, 
coarse twine, somewhat thicker than pack- 
thread, Mearns. 

BURLINS, g. )>l. The bread burnt in the 
oven in baking, S., q. bum/ins. 

BURN, s. 1. Water; particularly that 

which is taken from a fountain or well, S. 
Ferguson. — Moes.G.brunna; Su.G. brunn; 
Isl. brunn-ur; Germ, brun; Teut. burn, 
borne, a well, a fountain ; Belg. bornwater, 
water from a well. 2. A rivulet; a brook, 
S., A.Bor. Douglas. — E. bourn. In this 
sense only A.S. burn and byma occur ; 
or as signifying a torrent. 3. The water 
used in brewing, S.B. Lyndsay. 4. Urine, 
S.B. " To make one's burn," mingere. 
— Germ, brun, urina. 

BURN-BRAE, s. The acclivity at the bot- 
tom of which a rivulet runs, S. 

BURN-GRAIN, .«. A small rill running 
into a larger stream, Lanarks. V. Grain, 

BURNSIDE, s. The ground situated on 
the side of a rivulet, S. Antiquary. 

BURN-TROUT, s. A trout bred in a rivu- 
let, as distinguished from trouts bred in 
a river, S. 

BURNIE, Burnt, is sometimes used as a 
dimin., denoting a small brook, S. Beattie. 

To BURN, t.a. 1. One is said to be burnt, 
when he has suffered in any attempt. Ill 
burnt, having suffered severely, S. Baillie. 
2. To deceive ; to cheat in a bargain, S. 
One says that he has been brunt, when 
overreached. These are merely oblique 
senses of the E. r. 3. To derange any 
part of a game by improper interference; 
as in curling, to burn a staue, i. e. to 
render the move useless by playing out 
of time, Clydes. 

To BURN, r. n. In children's games, one 
is said to burn when he approaches the 
hidden object of his search. 

BURN-AIRN, .«. 1. An iron instrument 
used, red-hot, to impress letters, or other 
marks, on the horns of sheep, S. 2. 
Metaph. used thus, " They're a' brunt 
wi' ae burn-air n," they are all of the same 
kidney ; always in a bad sense, Aberd. 

BURN-GRENGE, s. One who sets fire to 
barns or granaries. 

To BURN THE WATER. A phrase used 
to denote the act of killing salmon with 
a lister by torch-light, South of S. 

BURN-WOOD, s. Wood for fuel. Brand's 

BURNECOILL,s. G rite bur necoill. Great 
coal. Acts J a. VI. 

BURNEWIN, s. A cant term for a black- 
smith, S. Burns. *' Burn-the-urind,. an 
appropriate term," N. 

BURN1N' BEAUTY. A very handsome 
female. This is used negatively ; " She's 
nae burnin' beauty mair than me," 

BURNT SILVER, Brint Silver. Silver 
refined in the furnace, or coin melted 
down into bullion, to be recoined. Acts 
Ja. II. — Isl. brendu si/fri, id. Snorro 
Sturleson shows that skirt silfr, i. e., pure 
silver, and brennt silfr, are the same. 

BURNET, adj. Of a brown colour. Dou- 




glas. — Fr. brunette, a dark-brown stuff 
formerly worn by persons of quality. 

BURR, Burrh, s. The whirring sound 
made by some people in pronouncing the 
letter r; as by the inhabitants of Nor- 
thumberland, S. Statist. Ace. This word 
seems formed from the sound. 

BURRA, s. The name in Orkn. and Shetl. 
of the common kind of rush, Juncus 

BURRACH'D, part. pa. Enclosed. V. 

BURREL, s. A hollow piece of wood used 
in twisting ropes, Ayrs. V. Cock-a-bendy. 

BURREL, s. Provincial pronunciation of 
E. Barrel, Renfr. A. Wilson's P. 

BURREL LEY. • Land, where at mid- 
summer there was only a narrow ridge 
ploughed, and a large stripe or baulk of 
barren land between every ridge, was 
called burrel ley. — Isl. burcdeg-r, agrestis, 
incomptus ; S. Bureil,bural, rustic. The 
term might denote ley that was not pro- 
perly dressed. 

BURRY, adj. Henrysone. — Either rough, 
shaggy, from Fr. bourru, " flockie, hairie, 
rugged," Cotgr. ; or savage, cruel, from 
Fr. bourreau, an executioner. V. Burio. 

To BURRIE, v. a. To overpower in 
working ; to overcome in striving at 
work, S.B. — Allied perhaps to Fr. bourr- 
er, Isl. ber-ia, to beat. 

BURRY-BUSH, s. Supposed an errat. for 

BURRICO, s. Perhaps an errat. for Burrio, 
i. e., executioner. 

BURRIS, s. }il. Probably, from Fr. bourre, 
flocks, or locks of wool, hair, &c. Acts 
Ja. VI. 


BURS, Burres, s. The cone of the fir. Y. 

BURSAR, s. One who receives the benefit 
of an endowment in a college, for bearing 
his expenses during his education there, 
S. Bulk of Discipline. — L.B. bursar-ius, 
a scholar supported by a pension ; Fr. 
boursier, id., from L.B. bursa, an ark, Fr. 
bourse, a purse. Bourse also signifies " the 
place of a pensioner in a college," Cotgr. 

BURSARY, Burse, s. 1 . The endowment 
given to a student in a university; an ex- 
hibition, S. Statist. Ace. 2. A purse ; 
" Ane commouud burss." Aberd. Reg. 

BURSE, g. A court consisting of merchants, 
constituted for giving prompt determina- 
tion in mercantile affairs, resembling the 
Dean of Guild's court in S. — From Fr. 

BURSIN, Bursex, Bursten, part. pa. 1. 
Burst, S. Lyndsay. 2. Overpowered with 
fatigue ; or so overheated by exertion as 
to drop down dead, S. The s. is used in 
a similar sense ; " He got a burst." 

BURSTON, g. A dish composed of corn, 
roasted by rolling hot stones amongst it 

till it be made quite brown, then half 
ground, and mixed with sour milk, Orkn. 

BUS, (Fr. m) interj. Addressed to cattle ; 
equivalent to " Stand to the stake !" 
Dumfr. Evidently from Buse, a stall, q.v. 

BUS, s. A bush, S., buss. Douglas. V. Busk. 

BUSCH, s. Boxwood, S.B - . Douglas.— 
Belg. bosse-boom, busboom; Fr. bouis, bids; 
Ital. busso, id. 

To BUSCH, v. n. To lay an ambush; pret. 
buschyt. Wallace. O.K. bussed, R.Brunne. 
— Ital. bosc-are, imbosc-are, from bosco, q. 
to lie hid among bushes. 

BUSCHEMENT, s. Ambush. Wallace.— 
O.E. bussement, R. Brunne. 

BUSCH, Bus, Busiie, ?. 1. A large kind of 
boat used for the herring fishing, S. ; 
buss, E. 2. Anciently a small ship. 

BUSCHE-FISHING, s. The act of fishing 
in busses, S. 

To BUSE, Bust, v. a. To enclose cattle in 
a stall, S.B. — A.S. bosg, bosig, praesepe ; 
E. boose, a stall for a cow, Johns. 

BUSE, Buise, Boose, s. A cow's stall ; a 
crib, Lanarks. ; the same with E. boose. 

Weir-Buse, s. A partition between cows, 
Lanarks. — Flandr. veer, sepimentum, and 
buse, a stall. 

BUSE-AIRN, g. An iron for marking 
sheep, Clydes. Buse softened from Buist, 
used to denote the mark set on sheep. 

To BUSH, r. a. To sheathe ; to enclose in 
a case or box, S. ; applied to the wheels 
of carriages. — Su.G. bosse; Germ, buchse ; 
Belg. bosse, a box or case of any kind ; 
Sw. huilbosse, the inner circle of a wheel 
which encloses the axletree. 

BUSCH, Bousche, s. A sheath of this de- 

BUSH, interj. Expressive of a rushing 
sound ; as that of water rushing out, 
Tweedd. J. Nicol. — L.B. bus-bas, a term 
used to denote the noise made by fire- 
arms or arrows in battle. 

BUSHEL, g. A small dam, Fife. Synon. 
Gushel, q. v. 

BUSK, s. A bush. Douglas.— Su.G. Isl. 
buske; Germ, busch; Belg. bosch, frutex ; 
Ital. bosco, a wood. 

To BUSK, v. a. 1. To dress; to attire 
one's self; to deck, S. ; bus, A.Bor., id. 
Douglas. — Germ, butz-en, buss-en; Belg. 
boets-en; Su.G. puts-a,puss-a, ornare, de- 
corare ; Germ, butz, buss, ornatus ; hence 
butz frauu, a well-dressed woman. 2. To 
prepare ; to make ready, in general, S. 
Sir Tristrem. 3. To prepare for defence ; 
used as a military term. Spaldhig. 4. v. n. 
To tend ; to direct one's course towards. 
Gawan and Gol. 5. It sometimes seems 
to imply the idea of rapid motion; as 
equivalent to rush. Barbour. 

BUSK, Buskry, g. Dress ; decoration. 
M ' Ward's Contendinqs. 

To BUSK HUKES. ' To dress fishing- 
hooks ; to busk flies, id., S. Waverlcy. 




BUSKENING, s. Sir Egeir.— Apparently 

high-flown language, like that used on 
the stage ; from E. buskin, the high shoe 
anciently worn by tragedians. 

BUSKER, s. One who dresses another. 

BUSKIE, adj. Fond of dress, S. Tarras. 

BUSKING, s. Dress ; decoration. Acts 
Ja. VI. 

BUSS, s. A bush. Picken. 

BUSSIE, adj. Bushy, S. 

BUSS-TAPS. To gang o'er the buss-taps, 
to behave extravagantly ; q. to go over 
the tops of the bushes, Roxb. 

To BUSS, v.a. 1. To deck, Lanarks. ; synon. 
Busk, q. v. 2. To dress ; as applied to 
hooks, Roxb. A. Scott's Poems. — Germ. 
buss-en, ornare. 

BUSS, s. A small ledge of rocks projecting 
into the sea, covered with sea-weed ; as, 
the Buss of Nachaven, the Buss of Wer- 
die, &c. 

BUSSIN, s. A linen cap or hood worn by 
old women, much the same as Toy, q. v. 
West of S. — Perhaps from Moes.G. buss- 
us, fine linen ; Gr. fiv&irivov, id. 

BUSSING, s. Covering. Evergreen. — Per- 
haps from Germ, busch, fascis, a bundle, 
a fardel. 

BUST, s. A box. V. Buist. 

BUST, Boost, s. " Tar mark upon sheep, 
commonly the initials of the proprietor's 
name," Gl. Sibb. — Perhaps what is taken 
out of the tar-bust or box. 

To BUST, v. a. To powder ; to dust with 
flour, Aberd. Must, synon. — This v. is 
probably formed from bust, buist, a box, 
in allusion to the meal-buist. 

To BUST, r. a. To beat, Aberd.— Isl. 
boest-a, id. 

BUST, part. pa. Apparently for busked, 
dressed. Poems 16th Cent. V. Buss, v. 

BUST, (Fr. n) i: wipers. Behoved : "He 
bust to do't," he was under the necessity 
of doing it. This is the pron. of Wigtons., 
while Bud is that of Dumfr. V. Boot, 
But, r. imp. 

BUSTIAM, Bustian, s. A kind of cloth, 
now called Fustian, Ayrs. Picken's Gl. 

BUSTINE, adj. "Fustian, cloth," Gl, 
Ramsay. — Perhaps it rather respects the 
shape of the garment ; from Fr. buste, 
" the long, small, or sharp-pointed, and 
hard-quilted belly of a doublet," Cotgr. 

BUSTUOUS, Busteous, adj. 1. Huge ; 
large in size. Douglas. 2. Strong; power- 
ful. Lyndsay. 3. " Terrible ; fierce," 
Rudd. — C.B. bicystus, brutal, ferocious; 
from bwyst, wild ; ferocious ; savage. 
4. Rough ; unpolished. Douglas. — Su.G. 
bus-a, cum impetu ferri ; Teut. boes-en, 
impetuose pulsare. 

BUSTUOUSNESS,s. Fierceness; violence. 



Without ; as, " Touch not the 

cat but a glove." Motto of the Macin- 

BUT, conj. and adv. 1. Marking what has 
taken place recently as to time ; only, 
that, but that. 2. Sometimes used as a 
conj. for that. Spalding. 

BUT, adv. 1. To, or towards the outer 
apartment of a house ; as, " He gaed but 
just now," he went to the outer apart- 
ment just now. 2. In the outer apart- 
ment ; as, " He was but a few minutes ago," 
he was in the outer apartment a few 
minutes ago. 

BUT, prep. Towards the outer part of the 
house ; "Gae but the house," go to the 
outer apartment, S. Boss. — A.S. bute, 
buta; Teut. buyten, extra, foras, forth, out 
of doors. V. Ben. 

BUT GIF, conj. Unless.' Keith's Hist. 

BUT, But-House, s. The outer apartment 
of a house, S. Dunbar. 

BUT, prep. Besides. Barbour. — A.S.butan, 

BUT, v. imp. Expressive of necessity, S. 
V. Boot. 

BUT, s. Let; impediment, S. This is 
merely the prep., denoting exclusion, 
used as a substantive. 

BUT AND, prep. Besides. V. Botand. 

To BUTCH, v. a. To slaughter ; to kill for 
the market, S.; pron. q. Bootch, West- 
moreland, id. 

To BUTE, v. a. To divide ; as synon. with 
part. — Su.G. Isl. byt-a, pronounced but-a, 
primarily signifies to change, to exchange, 
in a secondary sense, to divide, to share ; 
Teut* buet-en, buyt-en, permutare, com- 
mutare, and also praedari, praedam fa- 
cere ; Su.G. Isl. byte, denotes both ex- 
change and spoil. V. Baiting. 

BUTELANG, s. The length or distance 
between one butt, used in archery, and 
another. Acts Ja, VI. 

BUTER, Butter, s. Bittern. V. Boytour. 

BUTIS, s. pi. Boots. " Ane pair of butis." 
Aberd. Beg. 

BUTOUR, s. Perhaps, the foot of a bittern. 
Inventories.— Teut. butoor ; Fr. butor. 

BUTT, s. 1. A piece of ground, which in 
ploughing does not form a proper ridge, 
but is excluded as an angle, S. 2. A 
small piece of ground disjoined from the 
adjacent lands. — Fr. bout, end, extremity ; 
L.B. butta terrae, agellus. 3. Those parts 
of the tanned hides of horses which are 
under the crupper, are called butts, pro- 
bably as being the extremities, S. 

BUTT-RIG,s. Aridge. V.underRiG,RiGG. 

BUTT, s. Ground appropriated for prac- 
tising archery, S. An oblique use of the 
E. term, which denotes the mark at 
which archers shoot. — Our sense of the 
word may be from Fr. butte, an open or 
void space. 

To BUTT, v. a. To drive at a stone lying 
near the mark in curling, so as, if pos- 
sible, to push it away, Galloway; To 
ride, synon. Aug. Davidson's Seasons. 




To BUTTER, ». a. To flatter; to coax. 
A low word, S. ; from the idea of render- 
ing bread more palatable, by besmearing 
it with butter. 

BUTTERIN', s. Flattery, S. 

BUTTER and BEAR-CAFF. Gross flat- 
tery. It's a 1 butter and bear-caff, S.B. 

BUTTER-BOAT, s. V. Boat. 

BUTTER-BRUGHTINS, s. pi. V. Brugh- 


BUTTER-CLOCKS. Small morsels of but- 
ter floating on the top of milk, Roxb. 

BUTTLE, Battle, s. A sheaf; a bundle 
of hay or straw. Originally the same 
with E. bottle ; and allied to Teut. bussel, 

BUTTOCK MAIL, s. A ludicrous desig- 

nation given to the fine exacted by an ec- 
clesiastical court as a commutation for 
public satisfaction in cases of fornication, 
&c, S. V. Mail, s. as denoting tribute, &c. 

BUTWARDS, adr. Towards the outer 
part of a room, or house, S.B. Ross. 

BWIGHT,s. A booth. Aberd, Beg. 

BWNIST, adj. Uppermost. Dunbar.— 
From boon, contr. from abone, above, 
corresponding to modern boonmost, up- 
permost, q. v. Belg. bovenste, id. from 
boren, above. 

BYAUCH, (gutt. monos.) s. Applied to any 
living creature, rational or irrational; as, 
" a peerie br/aiicli^ a small child; a puny 
calf, &c, Orkn. Caithn. This seems to 
differ little from Batch, Baichie, a child. 

CA, Caw, s. A walk for cattle, a particu- 
lar district, S.B. V. Call, Caw, r. Boss. 

CA, s. A pass or defile between hills, Su- 
therl. Statist. Ace. 

To CA', r. a. To drive, &c. V. under Call. 

To CA' in a Chap. To follow up a blow, 
Aberd. ; undoubtedly borrowed from the 
act of driving a nail, &c. 

CA' o' the Water. The motion of the waves 
as driven by the wind ; as, The ca' o' the 
water is west, the waves drive towards the 
west, S. V. Call, v. 

To CA', Caw, v. a. To call, S. 

CA', .«. Abbrev. for calf ; a soft, foolish 
person, Roxb. 

To CA', r. n. To calve, S.O. Gl. Picken. 

CA, Caw, s. Quick and oppressive respira- 
ation ; as, " He has a great caw at his 
breast," S. 

To CAB, r. a. To pilfer, Loth. ; perhaps 
originally the same with Cap, q. v. 

CABARR, s. A lighter. Spalding. V. 


CABBACK, s. A cheese. V. Kebbuck. 

CABBIE, Kebbie, s. A box, made of laths, 
narrow at the top, used as a pannier for 
carrying grain on horseback ; one being 
carried on each side of the horse ; Su- 
therl. Statist. Acct. 

C ABBRACH, adj. Rapacious, laying hold 
of everything, S.B. Boss.— Gael, cabh- 
rach, an auxiliary. 

CABELD,«tf/. Reined, bridled. Dunbar. 
— Teut. kebel, a rope. 

CABIR, Kabar, Kebbre, s. 1. A rafter, 
S. Douglas. The thinnings of young 
plantations are in the Highlands called 
Kebbres. Kebbres do not mean rafters, 
only the small wood laid upon them, im- 
mediately under the divots or thatch. 
2. The same term is used to denote the 
transverse beams in a kiln, on which 
grain is laid for being dried, S. 3. Used 
in some parts of S. for a large stick ; like 

katt, rung, &c. — C.B. keibr; Corn, keber, a 
rafter ; Ir. cabar, a coupling ; Teut. keper, 
a beam, a brace. 

CABOK, s. A cheese. V. Kebbuck. 

CABROCH, adj. Lean, meagre ; skeebroch, 
Galloway. Evergreen. — lr. Gael, scabar, 

CACE, Cais, y. Chance, accident. On cace, 
by chance. Douglas. — Fr. cas. Lat. cas- 
us, id. 

To CACHE, r. n. To wander ; to go astray. 
Bauf Coil-year. — O.Fr. cach-ier, agiter, 

To CACHE, Caich, Cadge, v. a. To toss, 
to drive, to shog, S. Douglas. — Belg. 
kaats-en, to toss, ltal. cacc-iare, to drive. 

CACHE-KOW, .«. A cow-catcher, a cow- 
stealer. Douglas. Rather, perhaps, a 
poinder, or officer appointed to seize and 
detain cows or other cattle found feeding 
on the property of another. V. Pund- 

CACHEPILL, s. Perhaps tennis-court. 
Aberd. Beg. 

CACHE-POLE, Catchpule, s. The game 
of tennis. Chalmers' Mary. — From Belg. 
kaatspel, id.; as the ball used in tennis is 
called kaatsbal, and the chase or limits of 
the game kaats. 

CACHESPALE WALL. Meaning doubt- 
ful. V. Cachepill. 

To CACKIE, v. n. To go to stool ; gener- 
ally used in regard to children, S. 

CACKS, Cackies, «./>/. Human ordure, S. 
Both the r. and 8. have been of almost 
universal use among the western nations. 
—C.B. cach-u; Ir. Gael, cac-am; Teut. 
kack-en ; Isl. kuck-a ; ltal. cac-are; Hisp. 
cigar; Lat. cac-are; O.E. cacke, to go 
tostool ; A.S. cac; Teut. kack ; Isl. kuk-r; 
C.B. Armor, each ; O.Fr. cac-a, cac-ai ; 
Hisp. cac-a ; Lat. cac-atus, stercus, foria, 
merdus, &c; A.S. cac-hus ; Teut. kack- 
huys, latrina, a privy. 


1 I: 


CADDES, s. A kind of woollen cloth. In- 
ventories. — Fr. cadis, a kind of drugget. 
CADDIS, s. Lint for dressing a wound, S. 

Gael, cadas, a pledget. 
CADDROUN. s. A caldron. Aberd. Re<]. 
CxADGE, s. A shake ; a jolt. 
To CADGE. V. Cache. 
CADGELL, s. A wanton fellow. V. Caigie. 
CADGY, Cady, adj. V. Caigie. 
CADGILY, adv. Cheerfully, S. Ferguson. 
CADIE, s. 1. One who gains a livelihood 
by running errands, or delivering mes- 
sages ; a member of a society in Edin- 
burgh, instituted for this purpose, S. Fer- 
guson. 2. A boy ; especially as em- 
ployed in running errands, or in any infe- 
rior sort of work, S. 3. A young fellow ; 
used in a ludicrous sense, S. Bums. 4. A 
young fellow ; used in the language of 
friendly familiarity, S. Picken. — Fr. ca- 
det, a younger brother. 

CADOUK, Caddouck,?. A casualty. Mon- 
ro's Exped. — L.B. caducum, haereditas, 
(from cad-ere,) something that falls to 
one, in whatever way. E. a windfall. 

CADUC, adj. Frail, fleeting. Complaynt 8. 
— Fr. caduque, Lat. caduc-us, id. 

CAFF, s. Chaff, S. Ramsay.— A.S. ceaf, 
Germ, leaf, id. palea. 

CAFLIS,s.^. Lots. V. Cavel. 

CAFT,pret.v. Bought; for coft. Tannahill. 

CAGEAT, s. A small casket or box. In- 
ventories. — Apparently corr. of Fr. cas- 
sette, id. It also denotes a till, or small 
shallow box, in which money is kept. 

CAHOW. The cry at Hide-and-Seek, by 
those who hide themselves, to announce 
that the seeker may commence his search, 

CAHUTE, s. 1. The cabin of a ship. 
Evergreen. 2. A small or private apart- 
mentof any kind, Douglas. — Germ, kaiute, 
koiute, Su.G. kaijuta, the cabin of a ship. 

CAIB, s. The iron employed in making a 
spade, or any such instrument ; Sutherl. 
— Gael, ceibe, a spade. Statist. Ace. 

CAICEABLE, adj. What may happen ; 
possible. Probably different from Case- 
able, q. v., and allied to On cace, by chance. 

CAICHE, s. The game of hand-ball. V. 

CAIDGINESS, s. 1. Wantonness, S. 2. 
Gaiety; sportiveness, S. 3. Affectionate 
kindness, Lanarks. 

CAIF, Kx\f, adj. 1. Tame, South of S. 
2. Familiar, Roxb. Gl. Sibb.— Sw. kufw-a, 
to tame. 

To CAIGE, Caidge, v. n. To wanton, to 
wax wanton. Philotus. — Su.G. kaett-jas, 

CAIGH, s. Caigh and care; anxiety of 
every kind, Renfr. 

CAIGIE, Cajdgy, Cady, Keady, adj. 1. 
Wanton, S. Kiddy, Ang. Lyndsay. 2. 
Cheerful, sportive ; having the idea of 
innocence conjoined, S. Ramsay, 3. 

Affectionately Kind, or hospitable, La- 
narks. Dumfr. Roxb. — Dan. kaad, Su.G. 
kaat, salax, lascivus ; Isl. kaat-ur, hilaris. 
C AIK, s. A stitch, a sharp pain in the side, 
South of S. Gl. Sibb.— Teut. koeck, ob- 
structs hepatis. 
CAIK, .<. A cake of oatmeal, S. Knox. 
CAIKBAKSTER, s. Perhaps, a biscuit- 
baker. Caikbacksteris, Aberd. Re.). 
CAIK-FUMLER, ?. A parasite, a toad- 
eater, a smell-feast ; or perhaps a cove- 
tous wretch. Douglas. 
CAIKIE, s. A foolish, silly person, Peebles ; 
viewed as synon.with^u/Wt', id.,Selkirks. 
V. Gawkie. 
CAIL, s. Colewort, S. V. Kail. 
CAILLIACH, s. An old woman, Highlands 
of S. Wa eerie y. — Gael. Ir. cailleach, id. 
CAYNE, s. An opprobrious term, used in 

his Flyting by Kennedy. 
CAIP, s. A kind of cloak or mantle an- 
ciently worn in S. Inventories. — Su.G. 
kappa, pallium. 
CAIP, Cape, s. The highest part of any 
thing, S. Hence, caip-stane, the cope- 
stone, S. — Teut. kappe, culmen ; C. B. 
koppa, the top of any thing. 
To CAIP a roof. To put the covering on 

the roof, S. 
To CAIP a wall. To crown a wall. 
CAIP, s. A coffin. Henrysone. — A.S. cafe, 

cavea. V. Cope. 
To CAIR, Care, r. n. To rake from the 
bottom of any dish of soup, &c, so as to 
obtain the thickest ; to endeavour to 
catch by raking ab into, Roxb. Clydes. 
S.B. Hence the prov. phrase, "If ye 
dinna cair, ye'll get nae thick." — " Care, 
to rake up, to search for ; Sw. kara, col- 
ligere, Teut. karcn, eligere ;" Gl. Sibb. 
CAIR, s. The act of extracting the thickest 

part of broth, &c, as above. 
To CAIR, Kaik, t. a. 1. To drive back- 
wards and forwards, S. Care, Gl. Sibb. 
2. To extract the thickest part of broth, 
hotch-potch, &c. with the spoon, while 
supping. This is called " cab-in' the kail," 
Upp. Clydes. — Isl. keir-a, Su.G. koer-a, 
vi pellere. 
To CAIR, Cayr, v. n. 1. To return to a 
place where one has been before. Wal- 
lace. 2. Simply to go. — A.S. cerr-an, to 
return, Belg. keer-en, Germ, ker-en, to 
CAIR, Caar, Carry, Ker, adj. Left. 
Hence cair-handit, carry-handit, caar- 
handit, left-handed, S. V. Ker. 
CAIRBAN,s. The basking shark. Y. 

CAIR-CLEUCK, s. The left hand, S.B. V. 

CAYRCORNE, s. Perhaps, inferior corn 
for cattle. Aberd. Reg. — Gael, ceathera, 
pron. caira, cattle, four-footed beasts. 
CAIRD, Card, Kaird, s. 1. A gipsy ; one 
who lives by stealing, S. Ross. 2. A tra- 




Veiling tinker, S. Burns. 3. A sturdy 
beggar, S. ; synon. with Soritar. 4. A 
scold, S.B. — Ir. ceard, ceird, a tinker. 
CAIRN, g. LA heap of stones thrown 
together in a conical form, S. Pennant. 
2. A building of any kind in a ruined 
state, a heap of rubbish, S. Bums. — 
Gael. Ir. came, C.B. carneddaw, id. Ed. 
Lhuyd asserts that in C.B. " kaern is a 
primitive word appropriated to signify 
such heaps of stones." 
CAIRNY. Abounding with calms, or 

heaps of stones, S. TanndhUl. 
CAIRNGORM, Cairngorum,s. A coloured 
crystal, which derives its name from a 
hill in Inverness-shire where it is found. 
It has been called the Scottish Topaz; 
but it now gives place to another crystal 
of a far harder quality found near Iuver- 
cauld. Shaw's Moray. 
CAIRN-TANGLE, s. Fingered Fucus, Sea- 
Girdle, Hangers; Fucus digitatus, Linn. 
Aberd. Mearns. 
CAIRT, s. A chart or map. Bare!.— 

Teut. karte ; Fr. carte, id. 
CAIRTS, s. pi. 1. Cards, as used in play, 
S. 2. A game at cards, S. — Fr. carte, id. 
V. Cartes. 
CAIRTAR1S, s. pi. Players at cards. 

CA1R- WEEDS, s. pi. Mourning weeds, 

q. " weeds of care." Dunbar. 
ToCMT,c.n. V. Cate. 
CAITCHE, Caiche, s. A kind of game 
with the hand-ball. Lyndsay. — Teut. 
ketsc, ictus pilae, kaets-en, ludere pila. 
To CAIVER, Kaiver, t. n. To waver in 
mind ; to be incoherent, as persons are at 
the point of death, Roxb. 
CAIZlE,s. LA fishing-boat. 2. A chest, 

Shetl.— Teut. kasse, capsa. 
* CAKE, s. Distinctive designation in S. 

for a cake of oatmeal. 
CALCHEN, (gutt.) s. A square frame of 
wood, with ribs across it, in the form of a 
gridiron, on which candle-fir is dried in 
the chimney, S.B. — Isl. klalke, a sledge, 
sperru-kialki, rafters. 
To CALCUL, v. a. To calculate, Aberd. 

Reg. V. Calkil. 
CALD, Cauld, adj. 1. Cold, S. Popular 
Ball. 2. Cool, deliberate, not rash in 
judgment. Douglas. 3. Dry in manner, 
not kind, repulsive ; as, " a caidd word," 
S.— Moes.G. kalds, A.S. ceald, Alem. 
chalt, Isl. kalt, frigidus. 
CALD, Cauld, s. 1. Cold, the privation of 
heat, S. Wyntown. 2. The disease 
caused by cold, S. * 

CALDRIFE, Cauldrife, adj. 1. Causing 
the sensation of cold, S. Boss. 2. Very 
susceptible of cold, S. 3. Indifferent, 
cool, not manifesting regard or interest, 
S. Ferguson. — Cald and rife, q. "aboun- 
ding in cold." 
To Cast the Cauld of a thins:, to get free 

from the bad consequences of any evil or 
misfortune, S. 

CALE, s. Colewort. V. Kail. 

CALF-COUNTRY, Calf-Ground, s. The 
place of one's nativity, or where one has 
beenbroughtup,S. ; CV<//beingpron. Cavf. 

CALFING,s. Wadding. V. Colf. 

CALFLEA, s. Infield ground, one year 
under natural grass ; probably thus de- 
nominated from the calces being fed on it. 

CALF-LOVE, Cawf-Love, s. Love in a 
very early stage of life ; an attachment 
formed before reason has begun to have 
any sway; q. lore in the state of a calf, S. 

CALF-LOVE, adj. Of or belonging to 
verv early affection, S. The Entail. 

CALF-SOD, s. The sod or sward bearing 
fine grass, Roxb. Perhaps as affording 
excellent food for rearing calves. 

CALF-WARD, s. A small enclosure for 
rearing calces, S. Bums. 

CALICRAT, s. Apparently an emmet or 
ant. Burel. 

To CALKIL, t. a. To calculate.— Fr. 
calcul-er, id. Complaynt S. 

To CALL, Ca', Caa, Caw, v. a. 1. To 
drive, to impel in any direction, S. Bar- 
bour. 2. To strike, with the prep, at, S. 
Sir Egeir. 3. To search by traversing ; 
as, " I'll caw the haill town for't, or I 
want it," S.- — Dan. kage,\e\iter verberare. 

CALL, Caw of the water, the motion of it in 
cousequence of the action of the wind, S. 

To CALL, Caw, Ca', v. u. 1. To submit to 
be driven, S. " That beast winna caw, 
for a' that I can do," S. 2. To go in or 
enter, in consequence of being driven, S. 
Bord.Minst. 3. To move quickly, S. Boss. 

CALL AN, Calland, Callant, *•. LA 
stripling, a lad ; " a young calland," a 
boy, S. Bai/lie. 2. Applied to a young 
man, as a term expressive of affection, S. 
Waverley. 3. Often used as a familiar 
term, expressive of affection to one con- 
siderably advanced in life, S. Ramsay. 
— Fr. gallant. Douglas uses gallandis for 
ju renes. 
CALLAN, s. A girl, Wigtonshire. — Ir. 
caile denotes a country-woman, whence 
the dimin. cailin, " a marriageable girl ; 
a young woman," Obrien. Expl. by Shaw, 
" a little girl." 
CALLER, s. One who drives horses or 

cattle under the yoke. Barry. 
CALLER, adj. Fresh, &c. V. Callour. 
CALLET, s. The head, Roxb.— Teut. kal- 

luyte, globus. 
CALLIOUR GUNNE. A caliver gun, *. e., 
a lighter kind of matchlock piece, between 
a harquebuse and a musket, and which 
was fired without a rest. Grose's Milit. 
CALLOT, s. A mutch or cap for a wo- 
man's head, without a border, Aug. — Fr. 
calotte, a coif. 




CALLOUR, Caller, Cauler,w(//. 1. Cool, 
refreshing ; " a callour day," a cool day, 
S. Douglas. 2. Fresh ; not in a state of 
putridity, S., as callour meat, callour fish, 
&c. Bellenden. Also applied to vegeta- 
ble substances that have been recently 
pulled, which are not beginning to fade ; 
as, " Thae greens are quite callour, they 
were poo'd this morning," S. Ross. 3. 
Expressive of that temperament of the 
body which indicates health ; as opposed 
to hot, feverish, S. Boss. 4. Having the 
plump and rosy appearance of health, as 
opposed to a sickly look, S. It seems to 
convey the idea of the effect of the free 
air of the country. — Isl. kalldur, frigidus. 

CALL-THE-GUSE. A sort of game. 

CALMERAGE, adj. Of or belonging to 
cambric. Aberd. Reg. V. Cammeraige. 

CALMES, Caums, s. pi. 1. A mould, a 
frame, S. Acts Ja. VI. 2. The small 
cords through which the warp is passed 
in the loom, S.; synon. heddles. 3. In the 
caulms, in the state of being framed or 
modelled, inetaph. Baillie. — Germ, qnem- 
en, quadrare ; Su.G. bequaem, Belg. be- 
quaam, fit, meet. 

CALOO, Callow, Calaw, s. The pintail 
duck, Anas acuta, Linn., Orku. Barry. 

CALSAY, s. Causeway, street. Acts Ja. 

CALSAY-PAIKER, *. A street-walker. 
V. Paiker. 

CALSHIE, Calshagh, adj. Crabbed, ill- 
humoured, S. Morison. — Isl. kals-a, irri- 
dere, kalzuq-ur, derisor. 

CALSUTER ; D, adj. Apparently for cal- 
futer'd, caulked. Chron. S. Poet. — Fr. 
calfeutrer, Dan. kalfatre, to caulk. 

CALVER, s. A cow with calf, S.— Teut. 
kalcer-koe, id. 

CALUERIS, s. pi. Perhaps a corr. of the 
name Caloyers, as denoting Greek monks 
of the order of St. Basil. 

CAMACK, s. The game otherwise called 
Shinty, S.B. V. Cammock. 

CAMBIE-LEAF, s. The water-lily, Nyni- 
phaea alba et lutea, Linn. S.B. 

CAMBLE. To prate saucily, A.Bor. V. 

C AMDOOTSHIE, adj. Sagacious, Perths. ; 
synon. Auldfarand. 

CAMDUI, s. A species of trout. Sibbald. 
— Gael, cam, crooked, and dubh, black. 

CAME, s. A honeycomb, S. Pickets 
Poems. V. Kayme. 

CAMEL'S HAIR. The vertebral ligament. 
Synon. Fick-fack, q. v. Clydes. 

CAMERAL, Cameril, s. A large, ill- 
shaped, awkward person, such as Dominie 
Sampson, Roxb. — C.B. camreol signifies 
misrule ; camwyr, bending obliquely ; 
from cam, crooked, awry. 

CAMERJOUNKER, s. A gentleman of 
the bed-chamber. Monro's Exped. — 
From Sw. kammar, a chamber, and junker, 

a spark ; or Belg. kamer, aud jonktr, a 

CaMESTER,s. A wool-comber. V.Keme- 

CAMY, Camok, adj. 1. Crooked. Malt- 
land Poems. 2. Metaph. used to denote 
what is rugged and unequal. Douglas. — 
Ir. Gael, cam, C.B. kam, L.B. cam-US. 

CAMYNG CLAITH. A cloth worn round 
the shoulders during the process of comb- 
ing the hair. Inventories. 

CAMYNG CURCHE. A particular kind 
of dress for a woman's head. 

CAMIS, Combs. Pron. calms, S. 

CAMLA-LIKE, adj. Sullen, surly ; Aberd. 
Joarn.Lond. — Isl. kamleit-r, id., tetricus. 

CAMMAC, s. A stroke with the hand, 

GAMMAS, s. A coarse cloth, East Nook of 
Fife. Corr. from Canvass. 

CAMMEL, s. A crooked piece of wood, 
used as a hook for hanging any thing on, 
Roxb. Hanqrel synon., Lanarks. 

CAMMELT, adj. Crooked ; as, " a cam- 
melt bow," Roxb. — C.B. camzull, pron. 
camthull, a wrong form, from cam, crook- 
ed, and dull, figure, shape. 

CAMMERAIGE, Camroche, s. Cambric. 
Acts Ja. VI. Linen cloth of Cambray; 
in Lat. camerac-um, in Teut. camerijk. 

CAMMES, Cames, s. This seems to denote 
what is now called gauze, the thin cloth 
on which flowers are wrought. — Perhaps 
from Ital. camoc-a, a kind of silk, or ra- 
ther what Phillips calls camic-a, " in an- 
cient deeds ; camlet, or fine stuff, made 
at first purely of camel's hair." 

CAMMICK, s. A preventive ; a stop, 
Shetl. — O.Germ. haum signifies languor, 
kaumig,morbidus; Franc. kumig, aegvotas, 
and Jcaum, vix, used adverbially as denot- 
ing what can scarcely be accomplished. 

CAMMOCK, Cammon, s. 1. A crooked 
stick, S. 2. The game also called Shinty, 
Perths. — Celt, cambaca, id. Bullet. Gael. 
caman, a hurling-club. 

CAM-NOSED, Camow-nosed, adj. Flat- 
nosed. Polwart. — Fr. camus, id. 

CAMORAGE, s. V. Cammeraige. 

CAMOVYNE, Camowyne, s, Camomile, S. 

CAMP, s. An oblong heap of potatoes 
earthed up for being kept through winter, 
Berw. — Isl. kamp-r, caput parietis ; also, 

CAMP, adj. Brisk ; active ; spirited, Sel- 
kirks. My horse is very camp the day, 
he is in good spirits. The same term is 
applied to a cock, a dog, &c. It is nearly 
synon. with Crous. — Su.G. kaoupe, a 

CAMP, 8. A romp ; applied to both sexes, 
Loth. — In Teut. the term kampe, kempe, 
has been transferred from a boxer to a 
trull ; pugil ; pellex, Kilian. 

To CAMP, r. /*. 1. To contend. MehiU's 




MS. 2. To play the romp, Loth.— Germ. 
kamp-en, certare. V. Kem 

CAMPERLECKS, s. pi. Magical tricks, 
Buchan ; synon. Cantraips. — Perhaps 
Teut. kaetnper, a wrestler, and lek, play, 
q. jousts, tournaments. 

CAMPY, adj. 1. Bold, brave, heroical ; 
Gl. Sibb. 2. Spirited ; as, " a campy 
fellow," Roxb. 3. Ill-natured, conten- 
tious, Loth. V. Camp, v. 

CAMPIOUN, s. A champion. Bellenden. 
— Ital. eampione, id. 

CAMPRULY, adj. Contentious, S.A.— 
Isl. kempa, pugil, and rugla, turbare. Or 
perhaps, q. Rule the Camp. V. Rulie. 

CAMREL, Cammeril, s. A crooked piece 
of wood, passing through the ancles of a 
sheep, or other carcass, by means of 
which it is suspended till it be flayed and 
disembowelled, Dumfr. — Cam, in C.B. 
and Gael., signifies crooked. 

CAMSCHO, Camschol, Campsho, Cam- 
shack, adj. 1. Crooked. Douglas. 2. 
Denoting a stern, grim, or distorted coun- 
tenance. Ramsay. 3. Ill-humoured, 
contentious, crabbed ; Aug. V. Camy. 

To CAMSHACHLE, Camshauchle, t. a. 

1. To distort. In Roxb. it is applied to 
a stick that is twisted, or to a wall that 
is standing off the line. Shauchlit pro- 
perly signifies distorted in one direction ; 
but camshauchlit, distorted both ways. 

2. To oppress or bear down with fatigue 
or confinement. 

CAMSHAUCHL'D, part. adj. 1. Dis- 
torted, awry ; having the legs bent out- 
wards, South of S. Nicol. 2. Angry, 
cross, quarrelsome, S. — Cam, crooked, 
aud shackle, distorted, q. v. 

CAMSHACK,^/'. Unlucky, Aberd. Skin- 
ner. Camshack-kair, " unlucky concern," 
Gl. — This seems to acknowledge a com- 
mon origin with Camscho, q. v. 

CAMSTANE, Camstone, ?. 1 . Common com- 
pact limestone, S. 2. White clay, indu- 
rated, Loth. Guy Mannering. — Teut. kal- 
mey-steen, lapis calaminaris. 

CAMSTERIE, Camstairie, Camstrairy, 
adj. Froward, perverse, unmanageable, 
S. Riotous, quarrelsome ; Sibb. — Germ. 
kamp, battle, and star rig, stiff, q. obsti- 
nate in fight. Gael, comhstri, striving to- 
gether,from comh, together,and stri, strife. 

( AMSTRUDGEOUS, adj. The same with 
Camsterie; Fife. — Isl. kaempe, miles, and 
string, animus incensus ; also, fastus ; q. 
fierce, incensed, or haughty warrior. 

CAN, s. A measure of liquids, Shetl. It | 
contains about an English gallon. — Isl. 
kanna, id. 

CAN, s. A broken piece of earthen-ware, 

To CAN, r. a. To know. Henrysone. — 
Teut. konn-en, noscere ; posse. 

CAN, Cann, ?. 1. Skill, knowledge, S.B. 
Ross. 2. Ability,. S.B. Ross. 

CAN, pret. for Gran, began. Wallace. 

CANAGE, s. The act of paying the duty, 
of whatever kind, denoted by the term 

CANALYIE, Cannailyie. The rabble, S. 
Fr. canaille, id. J. Nicol. 

CANBUS. This seems to signify bottles 
made of gourds. — From Fr. cannebasse, 
id., the same as calebasse, Cotgr. 

CANDAVAIG, s. 1. Afoul salmon, that 
has lien in fresh water till summer, with- 
out migrating to the sea ; Ang. 2. Used 
as denoting a peculiar species of salmon, 
Aberd. Statist. Ace. — Gael, ceann, head, 
and dubhach, a black dye ; foul salmon 
being called black fish. 

CANDEL-BEND, s. The very thick sole 
leather used for the shoes of ploughmen, 
Roxb. — Perhaps formerly prepared at 
Kendal in England ? 

CANDENT, adj. Fervent ; red hot.— Lat. 
candens. M ( Ward's Contendings. 

CANDENCY, s. Fervour; hotuess.— Lat. 
candentia, ibid. 

CANDY-BROAD SUGAR. Loaf or lump 
sugar. Candibrod, id., Fife. 

CANDLE and CASTOCK. A large turnip, 
from which the top is sliced off, that it 
may be hollowed out till the rind become 
transparent ; a candle is then put into it, 
the top being restored by way of lid or 
cover. The light shows, in a frightful 
manner, the face formed with blacking 
on the outside, S. 

CANDLE-COAL, Cannel-Coal, s. A spe- 
cies of coal which gives a strong light ; 
parrot coal, S. 

CANDLE-FIR, s. Fir that has been bu- 
ried in a morass; moss-fallen fir, split and 
used instead of candles, S.x\. V. Calchen. 

CANDLEMAS-BLEEZE,s. The gift made 
by pupils to a schoolmaster at Candlemas, 
Roxb. Selkirks. ; elsewhere, Candlemas 
Ojferina. V. Bleeze-money. 

CANDLEMAS CROWN. A badge of dis- 
tinction conferred, at some grammar 
schools, on him who gives the highest gra- 
tuity to the rector, at the term of Candle- 
mas, S. Statist. Ace. 

CANDLESHEARS, s. pL Snuffers, S. 

CANE, Kain, Canage, .«. A duty paid by 
a tenant to his landlord in kind ; as 
" cane cheese ;" " cane fowls," &c. S. 
Ramsay. — L.B. can-nm, can-a, tribute, 
from Gael, ceann, the head. 

Kain Bairns. A living tribute supposed 
to be paid by warlocks and witches to 
their master, the devil, S. Bord. Minst. 

To Pay the Cain. To suffer severely in any 
cause, S. Ritson. 

To CANGLE, r. n. 1. To quarrel, to be in a 
state of altercation, S. Ramsay. 2. To ca- 
vil, Mearns. — Isl. fciae»&-a,arridere; Gael. 
caingeal, a reason, caingnam, to argue. 

CANGLING, s. Altercation, S. Z. Boyd. 

CANGLER, s. A jangler, S. Ramsay. 


* To CANKER, v. n. To fret; to become 
peevish or ill-humoured, S. 

CANKERY, Cankrie, adj. Ill-humoured. 
Synon. Cankert. Cankriest, superlat., 
Renfr. Ayrs. Gait. 

CANKER-NAIL, s. A painful slip of flesh 
raised at the bottom of the nail of one's 
finger, Upp. Clydes. 

CANKERT, Cankerrit, adj. Cross, ill- 
conditioned, avaricious, S. Douglas. 

CANLIE,8. Avery common game in Aberd., 
played by a number of boys, one of whom 
is, by lot, chosen to act the part of Canlie, 
to whom a certain portion of a street, or 
ground, as it may happen, is marked off 
as his territory, into which if any of the 
other boys presume to enter, and be 
caught by Canlie before he can get off the 
ground, he is doomed to take the place of 
Canlie, who becomes free in consequence 
of the capture. It is something similar to 
the game called Tig or Tick. 

CANNA DOWN, Cannacii, s. Cotton 
grass, Eriophorum vaginatum, Linn. S. 
Gael, cannach, id. Grant. 

CANNA, Cannae, cannot ; compounded of 
can, v., and na or nae, not, S. Percy. 
Dinna, do not, Sanna, shall not, Winna, 
will not, Downa, am, is, or are not able, 
are used in the same manner, S. 

CANNABIE, Canabie, s. Corr. of Canopy. 
Inventories. Poems \6th Cent. 

CANNAGH, Connagh, s. A disease to 
which hens are subject, in which the nos- 
trils are so stopped that the fowl cannot 
breathe, and a horn grows on the tongue ; 
apparently the Pip. Cannagh, Fife ; 
Connagh, Stirlings. — Ir. and Gael, conach, 
the murrain among cattle. 

C ANN AS, Cannes, s. 1. Any coarse cloth, 
like that of which sails are made, S.B. — 
Fr. canevas; Sw. kanfass; E. canvass. 2. 
A coarse sheet used for keeping grain 
from falling to the ground when it is 
winnowed by means of a wecht, S.B. 3. 
Metaph. the sails of a ship, S.B. Poems 
Buchan Dial. 

CANNES-BRAID, s. The breadth of such 
a sheet, S.B. Ross. 

CANNEL, s. Cinnamon. Statist. Ace— 
Fr. cannelle, Teut. D&n.kaneel, Isl. kanal. 

CANNEL-WATERS, s. pi. Cinnamon 
waters, S. 

To CANNEL, v. a. To channel ; to cham- 
fer, S. — Fr. cannel-er, id. 

CANNEL, s. The undermost or lowest 
part of the edge of any tool, which has 
received the finishing, or highest degree 
of sharpness usually given to it; as, " the 
cannel of an axe," Roxb. Bevel-edge 
synon. V. Cannel, x. 

C ANNELL-BAYNE.The collar-bone. Wal- 
lace. — Fr. canneau du col, the nape of the 
neck. Cannel hone occurs in O.E. 

CANNELL-COAL. V. Candle-coal. 

CANNYCA', s. The woodworm, Fife. Ap- 

117 CAN 

parently denominated from the softness of 
the sound emitted by it, q. what caws or 
drives cannily. 

CANNIE, or CANNON NAIL, the same 
with Cathel Nail, S.A. 

CANNIE, Kannie, adj. 1. Cautious ; pru- 
dent, S. Bail lie. - 2. Artful; crafty, S. 
Rutherford. 3. Attentive; wary; watch- 
ful, S. Ramsay. 4. Frugal ; not given 
to expense, S. Burns. 5. Moderate 
in charges, S. 6. Moderate in con- 
duct ; not severe in depredation or exac- 
tion. Warerley. 7. Useful; beneficial, 
S. Ross. 8. Handy ; expert at any bu- 
siness ; often used in relation to mid- 
wifery, S. Forbes. 9. Gentle ; so as not 
to hurt a sore, S. 10. Gentle and win- 
ning in speech. 1 1 . Soft ; easy ; as applied 
to a state of rest, S. Ramsay. 12. Slow in 
motion. " To gang canny," to move 
slowly ; " to caw canny," to drive softly ; 
also to manage with frugality, S. Burns. 

13. Metaph. used to denote frugal ma- 
nagement ; as, " They're braw cannie 
folk," i. e., not given to expense, S. 

14. Soft and easy in motion, S. IS. 
Safe; not dangerous. "A canny horse," 
one that may be rode with safety, S. 
Burns. No canny, not safe ; dangerous, 
S. Popul. Ball. 16. Composed; deli- 
berate ; as opposed to fiochtry, throwther, 
S. 17. Not hard ; not difficult of execu- 
tion, S. Burns. 18. Easy in situation ; 
snug ; comfortable ; as, " He sits very 
canny," " He has a braw canny seat," 
S. Ramsay. 19. Fortunate ; lucky, S. 
Pennecuik. 20. Fortunate ; used in a 
superstitious sense, S. R. Galloway. 
No canny, not fortunate; applied both to 
things and to persons. Ramsay. 21. En- 
dowed with knowledge, supposed by the 
vulgar to proceed from a preternatural 
origin ; possessing magical skill, South of 
S. Tales Landl. 22. Good ; worthy ; 
" A braw canny man," a pleasant, good- 
conditioned, or worthy man, S. Statist. 
Ace. 23. Applied to any instrument, it 
signifies well-fitted ; convenient, S.B. 
Survey Nairn. — Isl. kiaen, sciens, pru- 
dens ; callidus, astutus ; kaeni, fortis et 
prudens ; from kenn-a, noscere. Isl. kyiuyt, 
s. knowledge; in a secondary sense "it is 
applied to magic. 

CANNIE MOMENT. The designation given 
to the time of fortunate child-bearing, S.; 
otherwise called the happy hour; in An- 
gus, canny moment. Guy Mannering. 

CANNIE WIFE. A common designation 
for a midwife, S. Rem. Niths. So7iq. 

CANNIKIN, .«. Drinking vessel. Poems 
\CUh Cent. — Either a dimiu. from can, 
Teut. kanne, or from the same origin with 
Kinken, q. v. 

CANNILY, adv. 1. Cautiously ; prudently; 
S. Baillie. 2. Moderately, not vio- 
lently, S. Baillie. 3. Easily, so as not 




to hurt or gall, S. Rutherford. 4. Gently, 
applied to a horse obeying the rein, S. 
CANNINESS, ,*. 1. Caution, forbearance: 
moderation in conduct, S. Baillie. 2. 
Crafty management. Baillie. 
CANOIS, Canos, Canous, adj. Gray, hoary. 

Lat. can-ns. Douglas. 
To CANSE, r. n. To speak in a pert and 
saucy style, as displaying a great degree 
of self-importance, Dumfr. 
CANSIE, adj. Pert, speaking from self- 
conceit ; as, " Ye 're sae cansie" ibid. 
CANSHIE, adj. Cross; ill-humoured, Ber- 

wicks. Merely a variety of Cansie. 
To CANT, r. v. 1. To sing in speaking, to 
repeat after the manner of recitation, S. 
2. To tell merry old stories, Ayrs. 
Picken. Probably because most of the 
old stories were in rhyme and were sung 
or chanted by minstrels. — Lat. cant-are, 
to sing. Hence, 
CANT, s. A trick ; a bad habit ; an auld j 
cant, an ancient traditionary custom, 
Aberd. Nearly synon. with Cantraip. 
To CANT, r. a. 1. To seta stone on its 
edge, a term used in masonry, S. — Germ. 
kant-en, id. 2. To throw with a sudden 
jerk, S. "The sheltie canted its rider 
into the little rivulet." The Pirate. 
CANT, s. 1. The act of turning any body 
on its edge, or side, with dexterity, S.B. 
2. Slight, S.B. 
To CANT o'er, v. n. To fall over ; to fall 
backwards, especially if one is completely 
overturned, S. 
To CANT o'er, V. "• To turn over; to 

overturn, S. 
To CANT, v. n. To ride at a hand-gal- 
lop, S.B. Canter, S. 
CANT, adj. Lively ; merry ; brisk. Barbour. 
CANTY, adj. 1. Lively; cheerful; applied 
both to persons and to things, S. Burns. 
2. Small and neat ; as, "A cant;/ crea- 
ture !" S.B. — Ir. cainteach, talkative; 
prattling ; Su.G. qant-a, ludificare. 
CANTIL1E, adv. Cheerfully, S. 
CANTINESS, s. Cheerfulness, S. 
CANTIE-SMATCHET, s. A cant term 
for a louse, Roxb. ; apparently from the 
liveliness of its motion. 
CANTAILLIE, s. A corner-piece. Inven- 
tories. — Fr. chanteau, chantel, a corner- 
piece ; Teut. kanteel, mutulus ; expl. by 
Sewel, " a battlement." 
CANTEL, Cantil,s. A fragment. SirEgeir. 
— Teut. kanteel, pinna, mina, Fr. chantel, 
a piece broken off from the corner or edge 
of a thing. 
CANTEL, s. A juggling trick. Houlate. 

L.B. cantell-ator, praestigiator, magus. 
CANTELE1N, s. Properly an incanta- 
tion, used to denote a trick. Lyndsay. 
• — Lat. cantilen-a, a song. 
CANTEL, Cantle, «, 1. The crown of the 
head, Loth. Nigel, Teut. kanteel, a bat- 

tlement. 2. The thick, fleshy part be- 
hind the ear in a tup's head ; considered 
as a delicacy, when singed and boiled in 
the Scottish fashion, Roxb. 
CANTLIN, s. Expl. " a corner; the chime 
of a cask or adze," Ayrs. — Fr. eschantil- 
lon, " a small cantle, or corner-piece ; a 
scantling," &c, Cotgr. — The origin is 
Teut. kant, a corner; a word of very great 
CANTON, s. An angle, or corner. — Fr. id., 
" a corner, or crosse way, in a street," 
CANTRAIP, Cantrap, s. 1. A charm, a 
spell, an incantation, S. Ramsay. 2. A 
trick, a piece of mischief artfully or 
adroitly performed, S. Waverley. — Isl. 
gan, gand, witchcraft, or kiaen, applied to 
magical arts, and trapp, calcatio. 
CANTRIP-TIME, ?. The season for prac- 
tising magical arts. 
CANT-ROBIN, .«. The dwarf Dog-rose, 

with a white flower, Fife. 
CANT-SPAR, s. Expl. fire-pole. Rates. 
CANWAYIS, s. Canvass. Aberd. Reg. 
To CANYEL, v. n. To jolt; applied to 

any object whatsoever, Upp. Lanarks. 
To CANYEL, v. a. To cause to jolt ; to 

produce a jolting motion, ibid. 
CANYEL, s. A jolt ; the act of jolting, ibid. 
CAOLT, s. " A connexion by fosterage," 
Highlands of S., Saxon and Gael. — Gael. 
comhalla, a foster brother or sister ; co- 
mhaltas, fosterage; from comh, equivalent 
to Lat. con, and alt, nursing ; q. nursed 
together. Al signifies nurture, food. Lat. 
con, and al-ere, to nourish, would seem to 
give the origin. 
To CAP, r. n. To uncover the head, in 
token of obeisance ; q. to take off one's 
cap. Baillie. 
CAP, Capfou', Capfu', s. The fourth-part 
of a peck ; as, " a capfu'' o' meal, salt," 
&c, Clydes., S.A. Forpet and Lippie, syn. 
CAP, s. A wooden bowl for containing 
meat or drink, S. Ramsay. — Su.G. koppa, 
cyathus ; Arab, kab, a cup. Hence, per- 
CAPS, The combs of wild bees, S. 
To Kiss Caps wi' one. To drink out of 
the same vessel with one ; as, " I wadna 
kiss caps wi' sic a fallow," S. 
CAP-OUT. To drink cap-out, in drinking 
to leave nothing in the vessel, S. Rob Roy. 
V. Copout. 
Clean-cap-out, drinking deep, S. Picken. 
To CAPSTRIDE, v. a. To drink in place 
of another, to whom it belongs, when the 
vessel is going round a company, S. — E. 
cap and stride. 
To CAP, v. a. To excel, Loth.— Teut. 

kappc, the summit. 
To CAP, v. a. To dir&ct one's course at 
sea. Douglas. — Teut. kape, signum lito- 
To CAP, ?\ a. 1. To seize by violence, to 




lay hold of what is not one's own, S. 2. 
To seize vessels in a privateering way. 
Fountainhall. 3. To entrap, to ensnare. 
K. Ja. VI. — Lat. cap-ere, Su.G. kipp-a, 

CAPER, s. 1 . A captor, or one who takes a 
prize. 2. A vessel employed as a pri- 
vateer. — Belg.Su.G. Dan. kapare, a pirate. 

CAP-AMBRY, i. A press or cupboard, 
probably for holding wooden vessels used 
at meals. Spalding. V. Almerie. 

CAPER, Kaper, s. A piece of oat-cake 
and butter, with a slice of cheese on it, 
Perths. C/an-Albin. — Gael, ceapaire, id. 

CAPERCAILYE, Capercalyeane, s, The 
mountain cock, Tetrao urogallus, Linn. 
S. Bellenden. — Gael, capullecoille, id. 
Perhaps from Gael, cabar, a branch, and 
caolach, a cock, i. e., a cock of the branches. 

CAPERNOIT1E, Capernoited, adj. Crab- 
bed; irritable; peevish, S. Hamilton. — 
Isl. kappe, certamen, and nyt-a, uti, q. 
" one who invites strife." 

CAPERNOITIE, s. Noddle, S.— Perhaps 
q. the seat of peevish humour. 

CAPEROILIE, s. Heath peas, Orobus tu- 
berosus, Linn., Clydes. The Knapparts 
of Mearns, and Carmele, or Carmy/ie of 
the Highlands. 

CAPERONISH, adj. Good; excellent; 
generally applied* to edibles, Lanarks., 
Edinr. — Teut. keper-en signifies to do or 
make a thing according to rule ; from 
keper, norma. But probably it was ori- 
ginally applied to what was showy or 
elegant ; from Fr. chaperon, O.Fr. cape- 
ron, a hood worn in high dress, or on so- 
lemn occasions. 

CAPES, s. pi. 1. The grains of corn to 
which the husk continues to adhere after 
thrashing, and which appear uppermost 
in riddling, Loth. 2. The grain which is 
not sufficiently ground ; especially where 
the shell remains with part of the grain, j 
Loth. 3. Flakes of meal which come 
from the mill, when the grain has not 
been thoroughly dried, S.B. Morison. 

CAPE-STANE, s. 1. The cope-stone. 2. 
Metaphorically, a remediless calamity. 

CAPIDOCE, Capydois, s. Aberd. Reg.— 
Teut. kappe, a hood, (Belg. kapie, a little I 
hood,) and doss-en, vestire duplicibus ; q. I 
" a stuffed hood" or " cap" ? In Aberd., ; 
a cap, generally that of a boy, as, for ex- 
ample, what is called " a hairy cap," still 
receives the name of Capie-dossie. 

CAPIE-HOLE, s. A game at taw, in 
which a hole is made in the ground, and 
a certain line drawn, called a strand, be- 
hind which the players must take their 
stations. The object is, at this distance, 
to throw the bowl into the hole. He 
who does this most frequently wins the 
game. It is now more generally called 
the Hole, Loth. ; but the old designation 

is not yet quite extinct. In Angus it is 
played with three holes at equal distances. 

CAPYL, Capul, s. A horse or mare. Dou- 
glas. — Gael, cap ul I ; Ir. kabbal ; C.B. 
keffyl ; Hisp. cavallo, id. 

CAPILMUTE, Cabalmute, Cattelmute, s. 
The legal form or action by which the 
lawful owner of cattle that have strayed, 
or been carried off, proves his right to 
them, and obtains restoration. 

CAPITANE,s. Caption; captivity. Bellend. 

CAPITANE, 5. Captain, Fr. Acts Cha. I. 

CAPITE BERN, a kind of cloak or mantle, 
as would seem, with a small hood. — Fr. 
capette, "a little hood; berne, a kind of 
Moorish garment, or such a mantle which 
Irish gentlewomen weare ;" Cotgr. 

CAPLEYNE, s. "A steylle capleine," a 
small helmet. Wallace. — Germ, kaeplein, 
from kappe, tegumentum capitis. 

CAP-NEB, s. The iron used to fence the 
toe of a shoe ; synon. Neb-Cap, Ettr. For., 
i. e., a cap for the neb or point. 

CAPPER, s. Apparently cup-bearer; a 
person in the list of the King's household 
servants. Pitscottie. Copperis. V. Copper. 

CAPPER, s. A spider, Mearns.— From 
coppe, the latter part of the A.S. name, 
(V. Attercap;) or perhaps from its rapa- 
cious mode of living, from Caper, a pirate, 
or Capper, v., to seize. 

To CAPPER, r. a. 1. To seize ships ; to 
go a-privateering, Ang. 2. To catch, to 
seize, violently to lay hold of ; used in a 
general sense, Ang. — Dan. kapre, to ex- 
ercise piracy. 

CAPPIE, Cap- Ale, s. A kind of drink be- 
tween table-beer and ale, formerly in 
much requisition ; so termed because it 
was drunk out of caps or quaichs. 

CAPPIE, s. Agr. Sutv. Shell. Meaning 

To CAPPILOW, r. a. To distance another 
in reaping. One who gets a considerable 
way before his companions on a ridge, is 
said to cappiloic them; Roxb. — This term 
would seem to be softened from Dan. 
kaplocb-er,to runvfhh emulation, to strive, 
to contest in speed ; kaploeb, competition, 
a contest in running. 

CAPPIT, adj. Crabbed ; ill-humoured ; 
peevish, S. PMlotus. — Isl. kapp, conten- 
tion, or Flandr. koppe, a spider ; as we 
call an ill-humoured person an ettercap, S. 

CAPRAVEN, s. Perhaps corr. from Teut. 
kappruyn ; Belg. kaproen, a hood; Isl. 
kapruyn, cucullus, caputium cum collari. 

CAPREL, s. A caper, as in dancing. Pol- 
wart. — Fr. capriole, id. 

CAPROWSY, s. A short cloak furnished 
with a hood. Evergreen. — Fr. cappe-rosin, 
a red coloured cloak. 

CAPTAIN, s. A name given to the Gray 
Gurnard, on the Firth of Forth. — " Trigla 
Gumardvs, Crowner. — It is known by a 
variety of other names, as Captain, Hard- 





head," &c. Neill's List of Fishes 

CAPTION, s. The obtaining of any thing 
that is valuable or serviceable ; a lucky 
acquisition ; Aberd — L.B. captio, synon. 
with Prisa ; Du Cange. 

CAPTIUER, g. A captor, one who leads 
into captivity. Forbes on Revelations. 

* CAPTIVITY, s. Waste, destruction; as, 
" It's a' gane to captirity," Roxb. 

CAPUL, t. Ahorse. V.'Capyi.. 

CAPUSCHE, g. Apparently, a woman's 
hood. Aberd. Reg. — From Fr. capuce, E. 
caponch, a Monk's hood ; whence the de- 
signation of Capuchin friars. 

CAR, Caar, s. A sledge; a hurdle, S. Wal- 
lace. — Ir. carr, id. 

CAR, s. pi. Calves, Mearns. V. Caure. 

CAR, the initial syllable of many names of 
places in the West and South of S., as 
Car-stairs, Car-michael, Car-lake, Car-la- 
•eerock, &c, signifying a fortified place. — 
C.B. caer signified a city, one of that 
description which was known in early 
times; a castle, a fort, or place surrounded 
with a wall, pallisades, or a rampart. 
Gael, cathair, a city, must be viewed as 
the same word, pronounced q. ca'ir. 

CAR, an inseparable particle, forming the 
first syllable of many words in the S. lan- 
guage. — According to Wachter, Kar is a 
verbal noun, formed from ker-en, vertere, 
signifying the act of turning or tossing. 
V. Cur. 

CAR, Ker, adj. 1. Left, applied to the 
hand, S. 2. Sinister, fatal.—" You'll go 
a car gate yet ;" given as equivalent to 
" You'll go a gray gate yet ;" S. Prov. 
" Both these signify you will come to an 
ill end," Kelly* 

CAR-HANDIT, adj. 1. Left-handed, S. 
2. Awkward, Galloway. V. Ker. 

CAR-SHAM-YE, interj. An exclamation 
used, in the game of Shintie, when one of 
the antagonists strikes the ball with the 
club in his left hand, Kinross 
CARAFF, s. A decanter for holding water, 
S., a word which does not seem to be used 
in E. — Fr. carafe, id. 
CARAGE, s. V. Arage. 
CARALYNGIS, .<\p?. Dancing. Hovlate. 

— Fr. caroll-er, to dance, to revel. 
CARAMEILE, s. An edible root, V. Car- 


CARAVAN, g. 1 . A covered travelling cart 
without springs, S. 2. Such a wagon as 
is used for transporting wild beasts, S. 

To CARB, Carble, r. n. To cavil, Aberd. 
('arb might appear to be merely a corr. 
of the E. v. to carp, id. But Isl. karp-a, 
signifies obgannire, and harp, contentio. 

CARB, Carabin, g. A raw-boned loqua- 
cious woman, Upp. Clydes. — C.B. carbwl. 
signifies clumsy, awkward, and carp a 

To CARBEHRY, r. it. To wrangle, to 

argue perversely ; communicated as a 
Garioch word. 

CARBIN, Cairban, Carfin, g. The bask- 
ing Shark, Squalus maximus, Linn. V. 

C ARC AT, Carkat, Carket, Carcant, g. 1 . 
A necklace ; E, carcanet. Maitland Poem*. 
2. A pendant ornament of the head. Wat- 
son's Coll. 3. A garland of flowers worn 
as a necklace, S. Discipline. 

To CARCEIR, r. a. To imprison.— L.B. 
career-are, in carcerem conjicere ; Du 

CARCUDEUGH, adj. Intimate, Gl. Pic- 
ken, Ayrs. V. Curcuddoch. 

To CARD, v. a. To reprehend sharply ; 
To gie one a carding, id. Perths. Perhaps 
from the use of cards in teasing, or from 
caird a tinker, used also for a scold. 

CARDINAL,?. A long cloak, or mantle, 
worn by women, S. Statist. Ace. Per- 
haps so named, as it was originally scar- 
let, from the dress worn by the Cardinals 
of Rome. 

To CARDOW, Curdow, v. a. To botch, to 
mend, to patch, as a tailor, Tweedd. 

CARDOWER, g. A botcher or mender of 
old clothes, Ayrs. V. Curdoo. 

CARDUI, s. A species of trout in Loch- 
leven, apparently the char. — It is round- 
shouldered ; the most beautiful in colour 
of all the trout species in our waters ; 
without scales ; dark olive on the back ; 
the sides spotted ; the belly a livid red ; 
and the under-fins of a beautiful crimson 
edged with a snow white. It is a rare 

To CARE, r. a. To rake, &c. V. Cair. 

* To CARE, r. a. To regard, to care for. 

* To CARE, v. n. Always accompanied 
with the negative ; as, " I dinna care to 
gang wi' you a bit," I have no objection 
to go, <kc. " He wadtta [hae] cared to 
hae strucken me," he seemed disposed to 
have done so, S. Skinner. — It has been 
supposed that the v. as thus used, signi- 
fies, " not to be inclined." But I appre- 
hend that it merely signifies that it would 
cause no care, pain, or regret to the per- 
son to go, to strike, &c. 

To CARE by, r.n. She oar'd na by, she 
took no interest, she was totally indiffer- 
ent, S. Picken. 

To CARE, v. a. To drive. V. Cair. 

CARE-BED LAIR. A disconsolate situa- 
tion ; a sick-bed ; q. " lying in the bed of 
care,'' S.B. Ross. 

CARE'S MY CASE, woeful is my plight, 

CARECAKE, Car-cake, Kercaik, s. A 
small cake, baked with eggs, and eaten 
on Fastem's e'en in different parts of S. 

Bi.ood-Kercake, s. A car-cake, made of 
blood and oatmeal, and prepared in a fry- 
ing-pan. JJogg. 




CARE SONDAY,CairSonday. According 
to some, that immediately preceding Good 
Friday, but generally used to signify the 
fifth in Lent, S. Bellenden. — Germ, kar, 
satisfactio, from hart-en, ker-en, emen- 
dare ; or Su.G. kaer-a, to complain. V. 

CARE, s. A cut in timber, for admitting 
another piece of wood, or any other sub- 
stance, Dumfr. — A.S. cearf-an, secare, 
whence E. to carve; Teut. kerf, crena, 

To CARFUDDLE, v. a. To discompose; 
to rumple, Strathmore. Svn. Curfuffle. 

To CARFUFFLE, r. a. To disorder; to 
tumble ; to crease. V. Curfufle. 

CARFUFFLE, Curfuffle, .<:. Tremour; 
agitation, South of S. Antiquary. 

To CARFUMISH, Curfumish, v. a, 1. To 
diffuse a very bad smell, Fife. 2. To 
overpower by means of a bad smell, ibid. 
Forscomfs synon. 

CARGE. To carge, in charge, in posses- 
sion. Wallace. — O.Fr. carguer, used as 

CARYARE, s. A conveyer ; one who re- 
moves a thing from one place to another 
by legerdemain. — Fr. chari-er, to carry. 

CARYBALD, s. Maitland Poems.— Per- 
haps from Fr. chararel, charareau, a 

C ARIE, adj. Soft ; pliable. Kelly. 

CARIN', adj. or part. pr. Causing pain 
or care. Tarras. 

CARK, .«. A load, a burden. Act. Audit. — 
From Ital. carc-o, a load, &c. 

CARKIN, part. pr. Scratching; or rather, 
grating. — A.S. cearc-ian, crepitare ; also 
stridere, " to crash or gnash ; to creak ; 
to make a noise; to charke.'' V. Chirk. 

CARKINING,*. A collar. Hou/ate. V. 

CARL, Cairle, Carle, Carll, s. 1 . A man. 
It is used in this general sense, S.B. Thus 
they not only say, " A big carl," but " a 
little carl," " a rich carl." A.Bor. id. — 
A.S. carl; Isl. karl; O.Teut. kaerla, 
inasculus. 2. Man, as distinguished from 
a boy. Wyntown. 3. A clown ; a boor, 
S. A.Bor. Wyntown. — A.S. ceorl ; Isl. 
karl; Belg. kaerle, rusticus. 4. One who 
has the manners of a boor. Kelly. 5. 
A strong man. Wallace. — Germ, kerl, 
fortis, corpore robusto praeditus. 6. An 
old man, S. A.Bor. Wyntown. — Su.G. 
Isl. karl, id. 

CARL-CAT, s. A male cat. The female 
cat is called " A wheen-cat," more pro- 
perly a Quean-cat. 

CARL'D, part. pa. Provided with a male; 
applied to a hot bitch, Roxb. — A.S. ceorl- 
ian, nuptum dari, " to be given in mar- 
riage ; to take a husband,'' Somner. 

To CARL-AGAIN, r. n. To resist ; syn. 
to be camstairy; to give a Rowland for an 
Oliver, Fife. 

! CARL-AGAIN. To play Carl-again, to re- 
turn a blow ; to give as much as one re- 
ceives, Ang. 
j CARL and CAVEL. A proverbial phrase 
for honest man and rogue ; or all without 
distinction. V. Kavel. 

CARLAGE, adj. Churlish. V. Carlish. 

CARL-CRAB, s. The male of the Black- 
clawed crab, Cancer pagurus, Linn. S. 

CARL-DODDIE,s. A stalk of rib-grass, S. 
Plantagolanceolata, Linn. Doddie, bald. 

CARL-HEMP, s. The largest stalk of hemp, 
S. A.Bor. ; that hemp which bears the 
seed, Gl. Grose. 2. Used metaph. to de- 
note firmness of mind. Burns. 

CARLIE, g. 1. A little man ; a dimin. 
from carl, S. Cleland. 2. A term often 
applied to a boy who has the appearance 
or manners of a little old man. Gait. 

CARL1N, Carling, .<?. 1. An old woman, 
S. PhilotuSi 2. A contemptuous term 
for a woman, although not far advanced 
in life, S. Doug/as. 3. A witch, Loth. 
Tweedd. Pennecuik. 4. The last hand- 
ful of corn cut down in harvest-field, when 
it is not shorn before Hallowmas, S.B. 
If before this, it is called the Maiden. — 
Su.G. kaering, kaerling, anus. 

CARLIN-HEATHER,* a Fine-leaved 
heath, Erica cinerea, Linn., S. ; also called 

CARLIN-SUNDAY, 5. That preceding 
Palm-Sunday, or the second Sunday from 
Easter, S. 

CARLIN-SPURS, .*. pi. Needle furze, or 
petty whin, Genista Anglica, Linn., S.B. 
q. "the spurs of an old woman." 

CARLIN-TEUCH, (gutt.) adj. As hardy 
as an old woman, S.B. — Teuch, S., tough. 

CARLING, s. The name of a fish, Fife. 
Supposed to be the Pogge, Cottus cata- 
phractus, Linn. 

CARLINGS, Peas birsled or broiled, 
Ang. According to Sibb., "pease broiled 
on Care- Sunday." Ritson. 

CARLISH, Carlitch, adj. 1. Coarse ; vul- 
gar. Dunbar. — A.S. ceorlic, vulgaris. 2. 
Rude ; harsh in manners. Popul. Ball. 

CARL-TANGLE, s. The large tangle, or 
fucus, Mearns. — Perhaps so termed from 
its being covered with small pieces of 
fuci, of a grayish colour, which give it 
the appearance of hoariness or age. V. 

who interferes too much in household 
affairs ; a cotquean, Lanarks. — From 
karl, a man, and xcifc, a woman, as used 
in S-, or perhaps as denoting a housewife. 

CARMELE, Carmylie, Carameil,s. Heath 
peas, a root, S. Orobus tuberosus, Linn. 
Pennant. — Gael, cairmeal, id. V. Knap- 

CARM1LITANIS, *. pi. The friars pro- 
perly called Carmelites. 




CARMUDGELT, part. adj. Made soft by 
lightning; applied either to a person or a 
thing, Ayrs. — From C.B. ear -law, to bring, 
or rather eur-aw, to beat, to strike, and 
medhal, mezal, soft, mezal-u, to soften. 

CARNAIL, adj. Putrid. Wallace.— Fr. 
charogneus.-putrifted ; fullof carrion,Cotgr. 

CARNAWIN', Curnawin', s. A painful 
sensation of hunger, Kinross. — Perhaps 
from E. core, and the v. to gnaw; Heart- 
gnawing or Heart-hunger, q. v. Car, cor, 
or cur, is, however, frequently prefixed 
to words as an intensive particle. V. Cur. 

CARNELL, s. A heap ; a dimin. from 
cairn. Bellenden. 

CARN-T ANGLE, s. The large, long fu- 
cus, with roots not unlike those of a tree, 
cast ashore on the beach after a storm at 
sea, Aberd. 

CARNWATH-LIKE, adj. 1. Having the 
appearance of wildness or awkwardness, 
S. 2. Applied to what is distorted, S. ; 
synon. thraicn. An object is said to lie 
very Carmcath-Wce, when it is out of the 
proper line. 

CAROL-EWYN, s. The name given in 
Perths. to the last night of the year ; be- 
cause young people go from door to door 
singing carols, for which they get small 
cakes in return. 

To CARP, Carpe, v. a. 1. To speak ; to 
talk ; to relate, whether verbally, or in 
writing. Wyntown. O.E. id. P. Plough- 
man. 2. To sing. Minstrelsy Border. — 
Lat. carpere, to cull. 

CARPING,*. Narration. O.E. id. V.ther. 

CARRALLES, s. pi. Carols, or songs, sung 
within and about kirks on certain days ; 
prohibited by act of Parliament. Acts 
Ja. VI. V. Caraltngis and Gysar. 

CARREL, i. " Carrels, the peece,contein- 
ing 15 elnes, viij 1." Rates, A. 1611. 

CARRY, s. The bulk or weight of a bur- 
den, q. that which is carried, Aberd. 

CARRY, s. 1. A term used to express the 
motion of the clouds before the wind, S.B. 
2. Improperly used for the firmament or 
sky. Tannahill. 

CARRICK,*. 1. The bat of wood driven 
by clubs, or sticks hooked at the lower 
end, in the game of Shintie, Kinross. 
Perths. 2. The old name for the game 
of Shinty, Fife ; still used in the eastern 
part of that county. Hence, 

CAR.RICKIN', s. A meeting among the 
boys employed as herds, at Lammas, for 
playing at Shinty, on which occasion they 
have a feast, ibid. 

CARRIE, s. A two- wheeled barrow, Loth. 

* CARRIED, Carryit, part. pa. 1. Ap- 
plied to a person whose mind is in so ab- 
stracted a state, that he cannot attend to 
what is said to him, or to the business he 
is himself engaged in, S. 2. In a waver- 
ing state of mind, not fully possessing 
recollection, as the effect of fever, S. 8. 

Elevated in mind, overjoyed at any event, 
so as not to seem in full possession of 
one's mental faculties ; as, "Jenny's got- 
ten an heirscaip left her, and she's just 
carryit about it." Sometimes, carryit up 
in the air, Roxb. 

C ARRIS, s. Flummery, Wigtons. Sowens, 
or Sweens, in other counties. — Evidently 
corr. from Gael, cathbhrith, cathbruith, id. 
Shau\ This must be compounded oicath, 
pollard, husks, and bruith, boiled ; a very 
accurate description of the dish, q. 
" boiled pollard." 

CARR1TCH, Caritch, s. The vulgar name 
for a catechism ; more commonly in pi., 
caritches, S. Magopico. 2. Used some- 
what metaph. Ferguson. 3. Often used 
in the sense of reproof. I gae him his 
carritch, I reprehended him with seve- 
rity, Aug. 

CARRY W ARRY, s. A kind of burlesque 
serenade, or mock-music, made with pots, 
kettles, frying-pans, shouting, screaming, 
&c, at or near the doors and windows of 
old people who marry a second time ; 
especially of old women and widows who 
marry young men, W.Loth. Fife. — Fr. 
charivaris is used exactly in the same 
sense. Derivation uncertain. 

* CARROT, s. Applied, in composition, to 
the colour of the hair, S.; as, carrot-head, 
carrot-pow or poll. The English use car- 
roty as an adj. in this sense. 

CARSACKIE, s. 1. A coarse covering, re- 
sembling a sheet, worn by workmen over 
their clothes, Fife. 2. A bedgown, worn 
by females, ibid. Cartoush, synon. — 
Either q. car-sack, a sack or frock used 
by car-men ; or more probably corr. from 
Su.G. kasjacba ; Teut. kasacke, a short 

CAR-SADDLE, s. The small saddle put 
on the back of a carriage-horse, for sup- 
porting the trams or shafts of the carriage, 
S. Cursaddle, Upp. Clydes. Herd's Coll. — 
From car, Dan. karre; Su.G. kaerre, vehi- 
culum,deducedfrom koer-a, currum agere ; 
Germ, karr-en, vehere ; and saddle. 

CARSAYE, s. The woollen stuff called 
kersey. Aberd. Reg. 

CARSE, Kerss, s. Low and fertile land, 
generally that which is adjacent to a 
river ; as, The Carse of Gotcrie, The Carse 
of Stirling, &c, S." Barbour.— Su.G. 
kaerr, and Isl. kiar, kaer, both signify a 
marsh. Carse is sometimes used as an 
adj.; as carse grounds. LordHailes. 

CARSTANG, s. 'The shaft of a cart, Roxb.; 
(tram synon.); from car, a cart, and stang, 
a pole, q. v. 

CARTAGE, s. Apparently for carcass. Douq. 

CART- AVER, s. A cart-horse, s. V. Aver. 

CARTE, s. A chariot, especially one used 
in war. — Chaucer, carte, id.; Ir. cairt ; 
C.B. kertuyn ; A.S. craet, id. 

CARTES, .«. pi. The cartes, the game of 




cards, rather pronounced as eairts, S. 
Playing cards. Antiquary. 

C'ARTIL, s. A cart-load, Ang. ; perhaps 
contr. from cart, and fill, or full. 

CARTOUSH, s. A bedgown, strait about 
the waist, with short skirts, having their 
corners rounded off, resembling the upper 
part of a modern riding-habit, Fife. — 
From Fr. court, short, and housse, "a 
short mantle of corse cloth (and all of a 
peece) worne in ill weather by countrey 
women, about their head and sholders ;" 

CARTOW, s. A great cannon ; a battering 
piece. Spalding.— Teut. kartouice, id. 

CART-PIECE, *. A species of ordnance 
anciently used in Scotland, apparently 
borne on a carriage or cart. Spalding. 

CARVEY, Carvies, s. pi. Confections in 
which caraway seeds are enclosed, S. 

CARUEL, Kervel, s. A kind of ship. 
Douglas. — Fr. cararelle, id. ; Teut. Jcare- 
veel ; Hisp. cararela; Isl. karf. 

CARVY, Carvie, Carvev, s. Caraway, S. 

CARWING PRIKIS. Supposed to be 

C ASAKENE, s. A kind of surtout.— Ital. 
casachin-o; O.Fr. casaquin, camisole, pe- 
tite casaque a 1' usage des femmes ; Roque- 

CASCEIS, s. Inventories. — L.B. cassus, is 
defined by Du Cange, pars vestis major, 
qua corpus tegitur, exceptis brachiis. 

CASCHET, Cashet, s. The facsimile of 
the king's superscription. Acts Ja. VI. 
—From Fr. cachet, a seal. This term has 
the same signification with caschet, S. 

CASCHIELAWIS, An instrument of 
torture. V. Caspicaws. 

CASE, Caise, .9. Chance. Of case,, by 
chance; accidentally. Acts J a. III. 

CASEABLE, adj. Naturally belonging to 
a particular situation or case. Baillie. 

CASEMENTS, s. pi. The name given by 
carpenters in S. to the kind of planes 
called by English tradesmen hollows and 

CASHHORNIE, s. A game, played with 
clubs, by two opposite parties of boys ; 
the aim of each party being to drive a ball 
into a hole belonging to their antagonists, 
while the latter strain every nerve to pre- 
vent this, Fife. 

CASH1E, adj. 1. Luxuriant and succu- 
lent ; spoken of vegetables and the shoots 
of trees, Upp. Clydes. Dumfr.— Isl. koes, 
congeries ; whence kas-a, cumulare : or, 
perhaps, rather allied to Isl. kask-ur, 
strenuus, as radically the same with 
Hasky, rank, q. v. 2. Transferred to ani- 
mals that grow very rapidly, Dumfr. 3. 
Delicate, not able to endure fatigue, Sel- 
kirks. Dumfr. — This is only a secondary 
sense of the term ; as substances, whe- 
ther vegetable or animal, which shoot up 
very rapidly and rankly, are destitute of 

vigour. 4. Flaccid, slabby ; applied to 
food, Roxb. 

CASIIIE, adj. 1. Talkative, Roxb. 2. For- 
ward, ibid. — This, I suspect, is originally 
the same with Calshie. 

To CASHLE, Cashel, r. n. To squabble, 

CASHLE, g. A squabble ; a broil.— Su.G. 
kaex-a, rixari ; Teut. kass-en, stridere. 

CASHMARIES, s. pi. Fish-carriers, or 
people who drive fish from the sea through 
the villages. — Fr. chasse-maree. 

CASPICAWS, Caspitaws, Caspie laws, An instrument of torture formerly 
used in S. Maclaurin's ('rim. Cases. — 
Perhaps from Teut. kausse, kousse, (Fr. 
chausse,) a stocking, and lauu; tepidus, q. 
" the warm hose."' 

To CASS, v. a. To make void ; to annul. 
Acts Ja. IV. — Fr. cass-er, id.; L.B. cass- 
are, irritum reddere. 

CASS, .9. 1. Chance ; accident, O.E. id. 
Wallace. 2. Work ; business. Barbour. 
— Fr. cas, matter, fact, deed. 

CASSEDONE, s. Chalcedony, a precious 
stone. — L.B. cassidon-ium, murrha, spe- 
cies lapidis pretiosi ; Gall, cassidoine. 

CASSIE, Cazzie, s. 1. A sort of basket 
made of straw, which may contain a boll 
of meal, S.B. Brand, It is also writ- 
ten cosie. 2. Used in Orkney instead of 
a corn riddle ; or made like a bee-skep, 
and used for carrying peats. Statist. Ace. 
— Teut. kasse, capsa, cista ; Fr. casse ; 
Ital. cassa ; L.B. cassa, id. ; Su.G. kasse, 
reticulum, in quo pisces portantur, &c. 

CASSIA, part. pa. Defeated; routed. Bel- 
lenden. — Fr. cass-er, to break ; to crush. 

CAST, s. 1. A twist ; a contortion ; as, 
His neck has gotten a cast, or, a wrang 
cast, S. 2. Opportunity ; chance, S. Old 
Mortality. 3. A turn ; an event of any 
kind, S. Boss. 4. Lot ; fate. Hamil- 
ton. 5. Aim ; object in view. Douglas. 
6. Subtle contrivance ; wile ; stratagem. 
Wyntown. 7. Facility in performing any 
manual work, such especially as requires 
ingenuity or expertness, S. Douglas. 8. 
Legerdemain; sleight-of-hand. Houlate. 
9. The effect of ingenuity, as manifested 
in literary works. Douglas. 10. A cast 
of one's hand, occasional aid, such as is 
given to another by one passing by, in 
performing a work that exceeds one's 
strength. 11. Applied to the mind ; " He 
wants a cast," said of one who is supposed 
to have some degree of mental defect, or 
weakness of intellect. — C.B. cast signifies 
a trick, techna ; Su.G. kost, modus agendi. 

CAST, s. LA district ; a tract of country, 
S. 2. That particular course in which 
one travels, S. Boss. 

CAST, s. A cast of herrings, haddocks, 
oysters, &c, four in number, S. — Su.G. 
kast-a, to cast, to throw. Ett kast sill, 
quaternio halecum. 




To CAST, v. a. To use ; to propose ; to 

bring forth. " To cast essonyies," LL.S. 

to exhibit excuses. — Su.G. kast-a, mittere. 

To CAST, r. a. To eject from the stomach, 

S.B. Keest, pret. Boss. To cast up, E. 

To CAST, v. a. Applied to eggs. 1. To 

beat them up for pudding, &c, S. 2. To 

drop them for the purpose of divination ; 

a common practice at Hallowe'en, S. 

To CAST, t. a. To give a coat of lime or 

plaster, S. ; pret. Kest. — The r. is often 

used in this sense by itself. A house is 

said to be cast, or rough-cast, S. This use 

of the term obviously refers to the mode 

of laying on the lime, i. e. by throwing it 

from the trowel. 

To CAST, v. n. To swarm ; applied to 

bees, S.— Although used like E.sicarm,ns a 

v. n., it must have been originally active, 

q. to send forth ; to throw off a swarm ; 

from Su.G. kast-a, jacere, mittere. 

CASTING, s. The act of swarming, as 

applied to bees ; as, " The bees are juist 

at the castin'," S. — " Before I go on to 

advise you about the swarming or casting 

of your bees, I shall here say a word or 

two concerning the entries and covers of 

hives," Maxwell's Bee-master. 

To CAST a clod between persons, to widen 

the breach between them, S.B. Boss. 
To CAST a stone at one, to renounce all 

connexion with one, S. 
To CAST out, v. n. To quarrel, S. Ramsay. 
To CAST UP, r. a. To throw any thing in 
one's teeth ; to upbraid oue with a thing, 
S. Boss. 
To CAST IP, r. a. 1. To throw up a scum ; 
particularly applied to milk, when the 
cream is separated on the top, S. 2. To 
resign ; to give up with ; to discontinue ; 
E. to throw up. Spalding. — Sw.kast-a up; 
Dan. opkast-er, to throw up. 
To CAST up, r. n. 1 . To occur ; to come 
in one's way accidentally ; pret. coost up, 
S. Saxon and Gael. This idiom has, per- 
haps, been borrowed from the practice of 
casting or tossing up a piece of coin, 
when it is meant to refer any thing to 
chance. 2. To be found ; to appear, al- 
though presently out of the way. It most 
generally denotes an accidental reappear- 
ance, or the discovery of a thing when it 
is not immediately sought for, S. 
To CAST up, r. n. The clouds are said to 
cast up, or to be casting up, when they 
rise from the horizon, so as to threaten 
rain, S. V. Upcasting. 
T> CAST Words, to quarrel, S.B. Wyn- 

town. — Su.G. ordkasta, to quarrel. 
To CAST, t. n. To clear ; used to denote 
the appearance of the sky when day be- 
gins to break, S.B. — The sky now casts, 
an' the birds begin to sing. 
It's Castin' up. The sky is beginning to 
clear, after rain, or verv louring wea- 
ther, S. 

To CAST, r. n. To warp ; to shrivel, S.— - 

" The larix is liable to cast, as we call it, 

or to warp, after having been sawn into 

deals." Agr. Surv. Stirl. 

To CAST at,' r. a. To spurn ; to contemn. 

— Isl. atkast, insultatio, detrectatio. 
To CAST Cavels. To cast lots. V. Cavel, 

sense 2. 
To CAST Cavill be Soke or Schadow. 
To cast lots for determining whether, in 
the division of lands, the person dividing 
is to begin on the sunny, or on the shaded 
side of the lands, S. Balfour. 
To CAST Count. To make account of; to 

care for ; to regard, Aberd. 
To CAST a Ditch. To make a ditch ; to 

cast a trench. Spalding. 
To CAST Gudes. To throw goods over- 
board, for lightening a ship. Balfour. 
To CAST III on one. To subject one to 
some calamity, by the supposed influence 
of witchcraft ', S. V. Ill, s. 
To CAST open, r. a. To open suddenly, S. 

To CAST 'Peats, or Turfs. To dig them 

by means of a spade, S. Spalding. 
To CAST a Stack. When a stack of grain 
begins to heat, it is casten, or turned over, 
in order to its being aired and dried, S. 
CAST-BYE, s. What is thrown aside as 
unserviceable ; a castaway, South of S. 
Heart Mid -Loth. 
CAST EWE, Cast Yow. One not fit for 
breeding; the same with Draucht Ewe, 
q. v., Roxb. 
CAST-OUT, s. A quarrel, S. ; syn. Outcast. 
CASTELMAN, s. A castellain ; the con- 
stable of a castle. Balfour. — Lat. castel- 
lan-us, custos castri, Da Cange. Skene 
renders it Castel/ane; in the margent, 
" Keipar of the Kingis Castell." 
CASTELWART,s. The keeper of a castle. 

Wyntovm. — From castle and ward. 
divination used in Orkney. — " They have 
a charm also whereby they try if persons 
be in a decay or not, and if they will die 
thereof, which they call Casting of the 
Heart:' Brand's (Men. 
CASTING HOIS. " Ane pair of casting 
hois," Aberd. Beg. — Fr. castaign, chest- 
nut coloured. 
CASTINGS, s. pi. Old clothes ; cast clothes ; 
the perquisite of a nurse or waiting-maid, 
S. Boss. 
CASTOCK, Castack, Custoc, .<*. The core 
or pith of a stalk of colewort or cabbage ; 
often kail-castock, S. Journal Lond. — 
Belg. keest, medulla, cor, matrix arboris, 
the pith. 
CAT, s. A small bit of rag, rolled up and 
put between the handle of a pot and the 
hook which suspends it over the fire, to 
raise it a little, Roxb. 
CAT, s. A handful of straw, with or with- 
out corn upon it, or of reaped grain, laid 




on the ground by the reaper, without 
being put iuto a sheaf, Roxb. Dunifr. — ■ 
Perhaps from the Belg. word katt-en, to 
throw, the handful of corn being cast on 
the ground ; whence kat a small anchor. 
CAT, s. The name given to a bit of wood, 
a horn, or any thing which is struck in i 
place of a ball in certain games. V. Hor- | 


CAT, s. For many ridiculous superstitions 
regarding this animal, see the Supp. to 

CAT and CLAY, the materials of which a 
mud-wall is constructed in many parts of 
S. Straw and clay are well wrought 
together, and being formed into pretty 
large rolls, are laid between the different 
wooden posts by means of which the wall 
is formed, and carefully pressed down so 
as to incorporate with each other, or with 
the twigs that are sometimes plaited from 
one post to another, S. 

To CAT a Chimney, to enclose a vent by the 
process called Cat and Clay, Teviotd. 

CAT and DOG, the name of an ancient 
sport, S.— It seems to be an early form 
of Cricket. 

CATBAND, s. 1. The name given to the 
strong hook used on the inside of a door 
or gate, which, being fixed to the wall, 
keeps it shut. Act Sedt. 2. A chain 
drawn across a street, for defence in time 
of war. — Germ, kette, a chain, and band. 

CAT-BEDS, s. pi. The name of a game 
played by young people, Berths. 

CATCHROGUE, s. Cleavers or goosegrass ; 
an herb generally growing in hedges, and 
adhering to the clothes of those who at- 
tempt to break through them, S. Galium 
aparine, Linn. 

ten, s. The name of a game at cards ; 
Catch-honours, Ayrs. 

CATCHY, adj. Disposed to take the ad- 
vantage of another, S. ; from the E. r. 

CATCHIE, adj." Merry," jocund; Gl. Aberd. 
— Su.G.kaete; Isl. kaeti, laetitia,A - «£-r, lae- 
tus, kiaete, exhilaror. 

CATCHIE, Catch-hammer, s. One of the 
smallest hammers used by stone-masons, 
forpinning walls, &c.,Roxb. — Teut. kaetse, 
ictus, percussio. 

CATCLUKE, Catluke, s. Trefoil; an 
herb, S. Lotus coruiculatus, Linn. Dou- 
glas. — "Named from some fanciful re- 
semblance it has to a cat (cat's) or a bird's 
foot;" Rudd. Dan. katte-cloe, a cat's 
claw or clutch ; Sw. katt-klor, cat's claws. 

To CATE, Cait, r. n. To desire the male 
or female ; a term strictly applied to cats 
only. Colvil. — Su.G. kaat, salax, lascivus, 
kaett-ias, lascivire. V. Caige, Caigie. 

To CATER, r. n. A term applied to a fe- 
male cat, in the same sense with Cate ; 
as, " The cat's caterin" pron. q. caiterin, 

Fife. — Isl. katur, kater, Iaetus, salax. V. 

CATECHIS, s. A catechism. Abp. Ha- 
milton n. 

* CATEGORY, .«. Used to denote a list, 
or a class of persons accused. Spalding. 

CATER, s. Money, S.B.; q. what is catered. 
Shirrefs. V. Catour. 

CATERANES, Katheranes, s. pi. Bands 
of robbers, especially such as came down 
from the Highlands to the low country, 
and carried off cattle, corn, or whatever 
pleased them, from those who were not 
able to make resistance, S. Kaitrinc, 
Keitrin. Stat. Bob. II.— It. ceathar- 
nach, a soldier; '■. atharb, a troop. 

CAT-FISH, Sea-Cat, s. The Sea-wolf, S. 
Anarhicas lupus, Linn. Sw. haf-kat, i. e., 
sea-cat. Sibba/d. 

CAT-GUT, s. Thread fucus, or Sea Laces, 
Fucus filum, Linn. Orku. NeiWs Tour. 

CAT-HARROW, s. " They draw the Cat- 
Harrow; that is, they thwart one ano- 
ther," Loth. Ane:. Li/ndsay. 

CATHEAD BAND, the name given by 
miners to a coarse iron-stone, Lanarks. — ■ 
Can this have a reference to S., Catband, 
as bindin<i the different strata together ; 

CAT- HEATHER, s. A finer species of 
heath, low and slender, growing more in 
separate upright stalks than the common 
heath, and flowering only at the top, Aberd. 

CATHEL-NAIL,s. The nail by which the 
body of a cart is fastened to the axle- 
tree, Fife. 

CAT-HOLE, s. 1. The name given to the 
loop-holes or narrow openings in the walls 
of a barn, S. 2. A sort of niche in the 
wall of a barn, in which keys and other 
necessaries are deposited in the inside, 
where it is not perforated, S. 

CA-THRO', s. A great disturbance, South 
of S., Lanarks. Antiquary. Gae-through 
synou. From the r. Caw, to drive, and 
the prep, through. 

CA'-THROW, s. A great disturbance ; a 
broil ; a tumult. V. under Call, Ca', v. 

To CA'-THROW, r. a. To go through any 
business with activity and mettle, S.B. 

CAT-HUD, s. The name given to a large 
stone, which serves as a back to a fire on 
the hearth, in the house of a cottager, 
Dunifr. — Su.G. kactte denotes a small cell 
or apartment, which corresponds to the 
form of the country fireside ; also a bed ; 
a pen. Hud might seem allied to Teut. 
huyd-en, conservare, as the stone is meant 
to guard this enclosure from the effects of 
the fire. 

CATINE, s. Unexplained. Polwart. 

CAT I' THE HOLE, s. The name of a 
game well known in Fife, and perhaps in 
other counties. — If seven boys are to play, 
six holes are made at certain distances. 
Each of the six stands at a hole, with a 
short stick in his hand ; the seventh 




stands at a certain distance, holding a 
ball. When he gives the word, or makes 
the sign agreed upon, all the six must 
change holes, each running to his neigh- 
bour's hole, and putting his stick in the 
hole which he has newly seized. In mak- 
ing this change, the boy who has the ball 
tries to put it into an empty hole. If he 
succeeds in this, the boy who had not his 
stick (for the stick is the Cat) in the hole 
to which he had run, is put out, and must 
take the ball. When the Cat is in the 
Hole, it is against the laws of the game 
to put the ball into it. 
CAT YOGLE, s. " Strix Bubo, (Linn, syst.) 
Katyogle, Great horned owl." Edmon- 
stone's Zetl. V. Katogle. 
To CATLILL, v. a. To thrust the finger 
forcibly under the ear ; a barbarous mode 
of chastising, Dumfr. ; syn. with Gulf. 
CATLILLS, s. pi. To gie one his catlills, 
to punish him in this way, ibid.— Belg. 
lellen denotes the gills of a fowl, from lei, 
lelle, the lap of the ear. 
CAT-LOUP, s. 1. A very short distance 
as to space, S. q. as far as a cat may 
leap. Hoijg. 2. A moment ; as, " l'se 
be wi' ye in a catloup," i. e., instantly, 
" I will be with you as quickly as a cat 
can leap," S. V. Loup. 
CATMAW, s. " To tumble the catmaic;" to 

go topsy-turvy, to tumble, S.B. 
CATOUR, s. A caterer; a provider. Wal- 
lace.— O.Teut. hate r, oeconomus. Y. Ka- 
To CATRIBAT, r. n. To contend; to 

quarrel, Roxb. 
CATRICK, s. A supposed disease to which 
the roots of the fingers are subject from 
handling cats too frequently. — It is also 
believed, in Angus, that if a cat that has 
crossed a dead body afterwards walk 
over the roof of a house, the head of that 
house will die within the year. Another 
superstition prevails, that after having 
crossed over a dead body, the first person 
the cat leaps over will become blind. 
The supposed danger, in such circum- 
stances, has been traced to a laudable 
design to guard the bodies of the dead 
from this carnivorous animal. V. Catter. 
CATRIDGE, Catrous. Expl. " a diminu- 
tive person fond of women," Strathmore. 
CAT'S CARRIAGE. The same play that 
is otherwise called the King's Cushion, 
q. v., Loth. 
CAT'S CRADLE, s. A plaything for chil- 
dren, made of packthread on the fingers 
of one person, and transferred from them 
to those of another, S. 
CATS-HAIR, s. 1. The down that covers 
unfledged birds, Fife ; synon. Paddock- 
hair. 2. The down on the face of boys, 
before the beard grows, S. 3. Applied also 
to the thin hair that often grows on the 
bodies of persons in bad health, S. 

CAT-SILLER, s. The mica of mineralo- 
gists, S. ; the katzen silber of the vulgar 
in Germany. — Teut. katten-silter, amian- 
tus, mica, vulgo argentum felium ; Kilian. 

CAT'S-LUG, s. The name given to the 
Auricula ursi, Linn., Roxb. 

CAT'S-STAIRS, s. A plaything for chil- 
dren, made of thread, small cord, or tape, 
which is so disposed by the hands as to fall 
down like steps of a stair, Dumfr. Gall. 

CATSTANE, s. One of the upright stones 
which supports a grate, there being one 
on each side, Roxb. Since the introduc- 
tion of Carron grates, these stones are 
found in kitchens only. The term is said 
to originate from this being the favourite 
seat of the cat. V. Bar-stane. 

CATSTANE-HEAD, s. The flat top of the 
Cat-stane, ibid. 

CATSTEPS, s. pi. The projections of the 
stones in the slanting part of a gable, 
Roxb. Corbie-steps synon. 

CATS-TAILS, s. pi. Hares-Tail-Rush, 
Eriophoruni vaginatum, Linn. Mearns. ; 
also called Canna-down, Cat-Tails, Gal- 

CATTEN-CLOVER, Cat-in-clover, s. The 
Lotus, South of S. Sw. katt-klor, cat's 
claws. V. Catsiller. 

CATTER, Catehr, s. 1. Catarrh. Bellen- 
Sen, 2. A supposed disease of the fingers 
from handling cats. V. Catrick. 

CATTERBATCH, 8. Abroil,a quarrel, Fife. 
Teut. kater, a he-cat, and boetse, rendered 
cavillatio; q. " a cat's quarrel." 

To CATTERBATTER, r. n. To wrangle ; 
at times implying the idea of good hu- 
mour, Tweedd. ; evidently from the same 
origin with the preceding. 

CATTLE-RA1K, s. A common, or exten- 
sive pasture, where cattle feed at large, 
S.— From cattle, and raik, to range. V. 

CAT WITTIT, adj. Harebrained ; unsettled ; 
q. having the wits of a cat, S. 

CAVABURD, s. A thick fall of snow,Shetl. 

To CAUCHT, r. a. To catch, to grasp. 
Douglas. — Formed from the pret. of catch. 

To CAVE, Keve, r. a. 1. To push, to 
drive backward and forward, S. 2. To 
toss. " To cate the head," to toss it in a 
haughty or awkward way, S. Cleland. 

To CAVE over, r. n. To fall over suddenly, 
S. MelmtVs MS. 

CAVE, s. 1 . A stroke, a push, S. 2. A toss. 
— Isl. akafr, cum impetu, vehementer. 

To CAVE, v. a. 1. To separate grain from 
the broken straw, after threshing, S.B. 
2. To separate corn from the chaff, S.A. 
— Teut. kar-en, eventilare paleas ; or the 
v., both as signifying to toss and to sepa- 
rate, may be viewed as the same with Isl. 
kaf-a, Tolutare ; kafa i heya, to toss, ted, 
or cave hay. 

CAVE, s. A deficiency in understanding, 
Aberd.— Teut. keye, stultus, insanus. 




CAVEE, Si A state of commotion, or per- 
turbation of mind, Aberd. ; perhaps q. Fr. 
cas vif, a matter that gives or requires 
activity ; like S. Pavie. 

CAVEL, Cavill,s. A low fellow. 

CAVEL, Cauil, Cafle, Kavel, Kevil, s. 

1. Expl. "a rod, a pole, a long staff." 
Chr. Kirk. — Su.G. hijle, pertica, bacillus ; 
Germ, fteiile, a club. 2. A lot, S. keul, 
S.A. Hence, "to cast cavels," to cast 
lots. Card, id. Northumb. Wallace. 
3. By Rudd. cavillis is not only trans- 
lated lots, but "responses of oracles." 
Douglas. 4. State appointed, allotment 
in Providence, S.B. Ross. 5. A division 
or share of property, as being originally 
determined by lot, S.B. Laic Case. 6. 
Used to denote a ridge of growing corn, 
especially where the custom of run-rig is 
retained, Perths. — Su.G. Isl. hafte, which 
primarily means a rod, is transferred to a 
lot in general; Teut. katel, a lot, kavel-en, 
to cast lots. 

To CAVELL, r. a. To divide by lot. S.B. 
Law Case. 

Kaveling and Deling, casting lots and di- 
viding the property according as the lot 
falls ; dividing by lot. 

CAVER, Kaver, s. [pron. like E. brave.'] 
A gentle breeze, a term used on the west- 
ern coast of S. ; probably from the r. Cave, 
to drive ; q. one which drives a vessel for- 
ward in its course, or perhaps as includ- 
ing the idea of tossing ; synon. Saicr. 

To CAVIE, t. it. 1. to rear, or prance, as a 
horse, Aberd. Mearns. 2. to toss the 
head, or to walk with an airy and affect- 
ed step, ibid. A diminutive from Cave, 
Keve, v. 

CAVIE, s. 1. A hencoop, S. J. Nicol. 

2. In former times the lower part of the 
aamrie, or meat-press, was thus denomi- 
nated. — Teut. kevie, id., aviarium ; Lat. 
cave a. 

CAVIN,s. A convent ; pron. like E. cave. 
That this was anciently in use, appears 
from the name still given to a burial- 
place in Aberbrothick, thecavin kirkyard, 
i. e., the churchyard of the convent; pron. 
q. Caivin. — O.E. couent ; Palsgr. 

CAVINGS, s. pi. The short, broken straw 
from which the grain has been separated 
by means of the barn-rake, Loth. V. 
Cave, v. 

CAU IS, M p. sing. Falls suddenly over. 
Douglas. V. Cave over, v. 

CAUITS, s. pi. Apparently, cat-calls. — 
From S. caw, to call. Henrysone. 

To CAUL, or Cauld, v. a. To caul the 
bank of a river, is to lay a bed of loose 
stones from the channel of the river back- 
wards, as far as may be necessary, for 
defending the land against the inroads of 
the water, S.A. 

CAULD, Caul, s. A dam-head, S.A. Lay 
Last Minstrel. — Teut. kade, a small bank. 

CAULD BARK, "To lie in the cauld 
bark," to be dead, S.B. Ross. — Per- 
haps a corr. of A.S. beorg, sepulchre ; q. 
cold grave. 

CAULD-CASTEN-TO, adj. Lifeless; dull; 
insipid, Aberd. ; pron. Caul-cassin-tee. — 
Metaph. taken from the brewing of beer. 
If the wort be cauld casten to the barm, 
i. e., if the wort be too cold when the yeast 
is put to it, fermentation does not take 
place, and the liquor, of course, is vapid. 

CAULD COAL. He has a cauld coal to 
hi aw at, "He is engaged in work that 
promises no success," S. Prov. 

CAULD COMFORT. 1. Any unpleasant 
communication, especially when some- 
thing of a different description has been 
expected, S. 2. Inhospitality, Roxb. 
This generally includes the idea of poor 

rally, broth warmed and served up the 
second day, S. 2. Sometimes applied to 
a sermon preached a second time to the 
same auditory, S. 3. Used as an adj. iu 
denoting a flat or insipid repetition in 
whatever wav, S. The Entail. 

CAULDLlE.arfr. Coldly, S. 

CAULD-LIKE, adj. Having the appear- 
ance of being colil, S. 

CAULDNESS, s. Coldness, in regard to 
affection, S. Keith's Hist. 

CAULDRIFENESS, Coldrifeness, s. 1. 
Susceptibility of cold; chilness,S. 2. Cool- 
ness, want of ardour, S. Baillie. 

A proverbial phrase for an ill-stored lar- 
der; as, " He needna be sae nice, atweel; 
for gif a' tales be true, he 's [he has] but 
cauld roast and little sodden [i. e. boiled] 
at hame," Roxb. 

CAULD SEED, Cold-seed. Late peas ; 
opposed to Hot seed, early peas. Ar/r. 
Surv. Roxb. 

CAULD SHOUTHER. To show the caidd 
shouthcr, to appear cold and reserved, 
South of S. Antiquary. 

CAULD STEER. Sour milk and meal 
stirred together iu a cold state, S.B. 
This phrase in Roxb. is applied to cold 
water and meal mixed together. 

CAULD STRA1K. A cant term for a 
dram of unmixed, or what is called raw, 
spirituous liquor, Roxb. 

CAULD-WIN', s. Little encouragement; 
q. a cold wind blowing on one, Clydes. 

CAULD WINTER. The designation given 
in Perths. and, perhaps, in other counties, 
to the last load of corn brought in from 
the field to the barn-yard. 

CAULER, adj. Cool. V. Callour. 

CAULKER, s. The hinder part of a horse- 
shoe sharpened, &c. V. Cawker. 

CAULMES. V.Calmes. 

To CAUM v. a. To whiten with Camstone, 
or pipe-clay, S. V. Camstone. 




CAUPE, Caupis, Caulpes, Calpeis, s. Ah 

exaction made by a superior, especially 
by the Head of a clan on his tenants and 
other dependants, for maintenance and 
protection, under the name of a benevo- 
lence. This was generally the best horse, 
ox, or cow the retainer had in his pos- 
session. Acts Ja. IV. — Isl. kaup de- 
notes a gift ; Su.G. koep-a, dare. 

CAUPONA, Expl. " a sailor's cheer in 
heaving the anchor." Complaynt S. — 
Fr. a an coup, at once, all together. 

CAURE, s. Calves ; the pi. of can/, a calf. 
It is commonly used in the West of S. 
Pop. Ball. I am assured that the word 
is the same in Norway. — A.S. cael/ru, id. 

CAUSEY, Causay, s. A street, S.. Dou- 
glas. — Teut. kautsije, id. 1. To Keep the 
Causey, or, tie Crown of the Causey, to 
appear openly; to appear with credit and 
respectability ; q. to be under no neces- 
sity of skulking, or taking obscure allevs, 
S. "Rutherford. 2. To Takthe Crown of 'the 
Causey, to appear with pride and self- 
assurance. Baillie. 

CAUSEYER, s. One who makes a cause- 
way, S. 

CAUSEY-CLOTHES, s. pi. Dress in which 
one may appear in public, S. Baillie. 

CAUSEY-FACED, adj. One who may ap- 
pear in public without blushing, or has 
no reason for shame before others, S.B. 

CAUSEY-TALES, s. pi. Common news ; 
q. street news, S. 

CAUSEY-WEBS. A person is said to 
make causey-webs, who neglects his or 
her work, and is too much on the street, 

CAUTELE,s. Wile, stratagem. Acts Ja. 
VI. — Fr. cautelle, " a wile, sleight, crafty 
reach, cousenage," &c. Cotgr. 

CAUTION, s. Security, S. "Caution is 
either simple and pure, for payment of 
sums of money, or performance of facts ; 
or conditional, depending on certain 
events." Spottiswoode's MS. vo. Cautlo. 
This term has been borrowed from cautlo, 
id., in the Roman Law. 

To Find Caution, to bring forward a suffi- 
cient surety, S. ibid. 

To Set Caution, to give security ; synon. 
with the preceding phrase. Spalding. 

CAUTIONER, s. A surety ; a sponsor, S. 
a forensic term. ActsJa. V. 

CAUTIONRY,?. Suretiship,S. ActsCha.I. 

To CAW, r. a. To drive, to impel in any 
direction ; to strike, with the prep, at; to 
search by traversing ; as, " I'll caw the 
haill town for't, or I want it." V. Call. 

To Caw Clashes. To spread malicious or 
injurious reports, Aberd. ; q. to carry them 
about from one place to another, like one 
who hawks goods. 

To Caw a Nail. To drive a nail, S. 

To Caw a Nail to the Head. To drive 
anything to an extremity, S. Ross. 

To Caw on. To fix or fasten; as, " To caw 
on a shoe," to fix a shoe on the foot of a 

To Caw out. To drive out. 1. To Caw the 
Cows out o' a Kail-yard, S. " He has 
nae the sense to ca' the coxes out o' a kail- 
yard," an old proverb signifying that de- 
gree of incapacity which unfits a man for 
the easiest offices of life." Gl. Antiquary, 
iii. 359. 2. " No worth the cawing out o' 
a kail-yard," a phrase very commonly 
used to denote any thing that is of no va- 
lue, that is unworthy of any concern, or 
of the slightest exertion in its behalf, S. 
3. " / madna caw him out o' my kale- 
yard," a proverbial phrase contemptuously 
spoken of a very insignificant person, of 
one of whom no account is made; in allu- 
sion, as would seem, to the driving of any 
destructive animal out of akitchen-garden. 

To Caw Sheep. To stagger in walking ; a 
vulgar phrase used of one who is drunk- 
en, and borrowed from the necessity of 
following a flock of sheep from side to 
side, when they are driven on a road, 

To Caw one's Wa' or Way. " Caw your wa\" 
is a vulgar phrase signifying " move on," 
q. drive away ; like Gang your waas, for 
" go away," S. Boss. 

To Caw one's Hogs to the Hill. To snore. 
Of one who, by his snoring, indicates that 
he is fast asleep, it is said, " He's cawin 
his hogs to the hill," Aberd. 

To CAW AGAIN, r. a. To contradict, 
Aberd. Perhaps a kind of secondary 
sense of Agaix-call, r. to revoke. 

CAWAR SKYNNIS. " Lamskynnis and 
cawarskynnis." Aberd. Beg. Apparently 
calf skins. — Su.G. kalfwar, calves. 

CAWAW'D, part. pa. Fatigued, wearied 
of any thing to disgust, Loth. — Perhaps 
an allusion to the fatigue of cattle, when 
driven far, from Caw, to drive, and Awa;" 
q. driven away. 

CAWF,s. A calf, S. Aberd. Beg. 

CA WF-COUNTRY, Cawf-grund.' V. Calf- 

CAWILL, s. A lot. Y. Cavi-l, and to 


CAWYNG,*. The act of driving, S. Aberd. 

CAWK, s. Chalk, S. Caulk, A.Bor. Wal- 
lace. — A.S. cealc: Alem. calc; Dan. Belg. 
kalck ; Isl. kalk ; C.B. calch; Lat. calx, id. 

CAWKER, s. 1. The hinder part of a 
horse's shoe sharpened, and pointed 
downwards, to prevent the horse from 
sliding on the ice, S. 2. Metaph. used to 
to denote mental acrimony. Guy Man- 
ner ing. 3. Metaph. a dram ; a glass of 
ardent spirits, S. — Isl. keikr, recurvus, 
keik-a, recurvi ; as referring to the form 
of the caulker. 

CAWLIE, .«. A contemptuous name for a 
man, S. ; pron. like E. cowl. Clettand, 


To CAWMER, r . a. To quiet, to calm, Upp. 

Clydes. ; synon. with Chammer, q. v. 
CAWMYS, s. A mould. Acts Ja. V. V. 

CAZARD, s. Apparently, an emperor, or 
Csesar ; as the latter is sometimes writ- 
ten Caser. Chron. S. Poet. 
CAZZIE, s. A sort of sack or net made of 
straw, S.B. — Sw. cassa, a fish net. V. 
CAZZIE-CHAIR, a sort of easy chair of 
straw, plaited in the manner in which 
bee-hives or skeps are made, Fife. 
CEA, s. " A small tub." Gl. Sure. Nairn 
and Morai/. Pron. like E. Sea. Thus it 
is evidently the same with Say, Saye, q. v. 
CEAN KINNE, a Gaelic designation, used 
to denote the chief of a clan, Highlands of 
S. C pron. hard, as k. Warerley. Gael. 
ceann, head, cine, a race, tribe, family; the 
same with A.S. cinn, genus; Isl. ten, id. 
CEDENT, s. The person who executes a 
deed of resignation ; a forensic term ; 
Lat. ced-ere. Acts J a. VI. — " Cedent is he 
who grants an assignation ; and he who 
receives it is termed Cessioner or Assigny." 
Spottiswoode's MS. Law Diet. 
To CEIRS, Sers, v. a. To search. Dou- 
glas. — Fr. cherch-er; Ital. cere-are, id. 
CELATIOUNE,s. Concealment. Acts Mary. 
CELDR, Celdre, s. A chalder, or sixteen 
bolls of Scots measure. — L.B. celdra is 
used in the same sense. 
To CELE, v. a. To conceal, to keep secret. 
Balfour's Prac. — Fr. cel-er; Lat. eel-are. 
CELICALL,«<(/. Heavenly; celestial. Pony. 
CELT, s. 1 . The longitudinal and grooved 
instrument of mixed metal often found in 
S. The Pirate. 2. Stone Celt, the name 
given to a stone hatchet, S. 
CENCRASTUS, s. A serpent of a green- 
ish colour, having its speckled belly co- 
vered with spots resembling millet-seeds. 
Watson's Coll. — Fr. cenchrite, Lat. cen- 
chrus, id. 
CENSEMENT,s. Judgment. V. Sexsemext. 
CERCIOUR, s. A searcher. " Cerciouris, 

vesiaris," &c. Aberd. Reg. 
To CERSS, t. a. To search.' Acts Ja. IV. 

— Fr. cherch-er. 
CERT. For cert, with a certainty ; beyond a 
doubt, Fife. — Fr. a la certe, id. V. Certy. 
CERT AI NT, adj. Corr. from E. certain, the 
mode of pronunciation in the northern 
counties of S. Spalding. 
CERTY, Certie, s. By my certy, a kind 
of oath equivalent to troth, S. Saxon and 
Gael. — It is probable that Fr. certe had 
been anciently pronounced certe. 
CERTION AT, part. pa. Certified. A forensic 
term. — L.B. certion-are, securum reddere. 
CESSIONAR, Cessioxare, .«. The person 
to whom an assignment of property is le- 
gally made ; syn. with Assignay. Balfour. 
CEST, Cessit, pret. Seized. Wallace. 
CH. Words of Goth, origin, whether S. or 

120 CHA 

E., beginning with cli, sounded hard, are 
to be traced to those in the Germ, or 
Northern languages that have k, and in 
A.S. c, which has the same power with k. 
CHACH AND, part. pr. Chachand the gait, 
pursuing his course. P. Voilyear. — O.Fr. 
chach-ier, to chase ; to pursue. 
To CHACK, v. n. To clack, to make a 

clinking noise, S. Cleland. 
To CHACK, r. a. 1. To cut or bruise any 
part of the body by a sudden stroke ; as 
when the sash of a window falls on the 
fingers, S. 2. To job ; synon. Prob, 
Stob, Dumfr. 3. To give pain in a moral 
sense, S. 4. To lay hold of any thing 
quickly, so as to give it a gash with the 
teeth, "Ettr. For.— E. check; Teut. kack- 
en, kek-en, increpare ; synon. S.B. Chat,q. v. 
CHACK, Chatt, s. A slight repast, taken 
hastily, S. Gait. — Q. a check for hunger. 
Familv-Chack, .«. A family dinner, exclud- 
ing the idea of ceremonious preparation, S. 
Rob Roy. — It is also pronounced check. 
CHACK, Check, s. The Wheat-ear, a 
bird, Orkn. Motacilla oenanthe, Linn. 
Barry. — Nearly the same with the last 
part of its Germ, name, stein schwakcr. 
V. Staxe-Chacker. 
To CHACK, d. n. To check, S. Hence, 
CHACK-REEL, Check-reel, s. The com- 
mon reel for winding yarn. It is thus 
denominated, because it is constructed 
with & check; or perhaps from its clack- 
ing noise, when the quantity of yarn le- 
gally required for a cut has been wound 
on it, S. 
CHACK (in a road), s. A rut, the track 

of a wheel, Loth. Hence, 
CHACKIE, adj. 1. Unequal; as, a chackie 
road, a road that is full of ruts, or has 
many inequalities in it, Loth. 2. Applied 
to ground that has much gravel in it, 
South of S. 
CHACK- A-PUDDING, s. A selfish fellow, 
who, either in eating, or in whatsoever 
other way, lays hold of any thing that is 
good, Ettr. For. — Perhaps a corr. of E. 
CIIACIvARALLY, s. Apparently some 
kind of checkered or variegated cloth. 
Watson's Coll. 
CHACKART, Chackie, s. The stone- 
chatter, a bird, Buchan. Tarras's Poems. 
V. Staxe-chaker. 
CHACKE-BLYND-MAN, s. Blindman's- 
buff. Bp. Forbes. Jockie-blind-mau, An- 
gus, id. 
CHACKIE-MILL, s. The death-watch, 

Ang. V. Dedechack. 
CHACKIT,^rt}-(\a<f/. Chequered, S. Tar- 

ras.- — Fr. escheque. 
CHACKLOWR1E, s. Mashed cabbage, 

mixed with barley-broth, Aberd. 
CHAD, s. Gravel, such small stones as form 
the bed of a river, S.B. — Teut. hade, litus, 
ora. - 





CHADDY, adj. Gravelly ; as, chaddy 
ground, that which chiefly consists of 
gravel, S. 
To CHA'FAUSE, v. n. "To suffer ;" GI. 

Ross, Ang. 
To CHAFF, v. n. To chatter, to be loqua- 
cious, Loth.— Teut. kef-en, gannire, la- 
trare, q. to bark. 
CHAFFER, s. The round-lipped whale, 
Shetl. " Delphinus Orca, (Liun. Syst.,) 
Chaffer-whale, Grampus." Edmonstone's 
Zetl., ii. 300. 
To CHAFFLE, r. n. To chaffer or higgle « 

Saint Patrick. 
CHAFFRIE, s. Refuse, Lanarks.— This 
seems formed from E. chaffer, merchan- 
dize ; from A.S. ceap-an, Alem. chauph- 
en, Moes.G. kaup-jan, to purchase ; used 
in an oblique sense for trifling wares. 
CHAFRON, s. Armour for the head of a 

war-horse. V. Cheveron. 
CHAFTIS, Chafts, s. pi. Chops, S. A.Bor. 
chafts. Peblis to the Play.— Su.G. kiaeft, 
kaeft; Isl. kiaft-ur, the jaw-bone. A.Bor. 
chafts, clefts, id. Hence also E. chops. 
CHAFT-BLADE, s. The jaw-bone, S. 
CHAFT-TALK, s. Talking, prattling, 
Aberd. ; from chaft, and talk. Poems 
Buchan Dial. 
CHAFT-TOOTH, s. A jaw-tooth, S. 
CHAIP, s. Purchase ; bargain ; E. cheap. 

Aberd. Req. 
To CHAIPE, t. n. To escape. Wallace. 
To chape or chaip still signifies to escape. 
Upp. Clydes. — Fr. eschapp-er, Ital. scapp- 
are, id. 
CHAIPES, Chapis, Price, rate, es- 
tablished value of goods. Acts Ja. I. 
— A.S. crap, price ; from ceap-an, to buy. 
To CHAISTIFIE, v. a. To chastise. Bel- 

To CHAK,r. «. To check. Wallace. 
CHAK,s. The act of checking, stop. V.Char. 
To CHAK, t. n. 1. To gnash, to snatch at 
an object with the chops, as a dog does, 
S. Douglas. 2. It expresses the sharp 
sound made by any iron substance, as 
the latch, or sneck, of a door, when en- 
tering into its socket ; to click, S. 3. 
To chak to, to shut with a sharp sound. 
CHAKER, s. A chess-board. Aberd. Req. 
CHAKIL, s. The wrist. Watson's Coll. 

V. Shackle-Bane. 
CHAKKIR, s. The Exchequer. Aberd. 

Req. V. Cheker. 
CHALANCE, Challance, .«. Challenge ; 
exception; used in a forensic sense. Act. 
CHALANDRTE, s. Probably, imitations of 
singing birds. Burel. — Fr. calandre, a 
species of lark. 
CHALDRICK, Chalder, s. The name 
given in the Orkney Islands to the Sea- 
pie, Hoemat opus ostralegus, Linn. Statist. 
Ace. — Isl. tialldur, id. Pennant's Zool. 

CHALFER,.*. Apparently,achaffern. Inven- 
tories. — Fr. eschauff-er, to chafe ; to heat. 

CHALLENGE, s. Removal by death; sum- 
mons to the other world ; as, " He has 
gotten a hasty challenge," i. e., a sudden 

CHALLENGEABLE, adj. Liable to be 

called in question. Acts Clia. I. 
CHALMER, s. Chamber. Douglas. 
CHALMER OF DEIS, Chamber of dais. 
1. A parlour. 2. The best bed-room. 
Properly a chamber or hall having a part 
of it elevated above the rest, and covered 
with a canopy or dais. V. Chambradeese. 
CHALMER-CHIELD, s. A valet of the 
chamber. — " The treasurer paid David 
Rizzio, in April, 1562, £15, as chalmer- 
chield, or valet of the chalmer." Chal- 
mers'' Mary. V. Chiel, Chield. 
CHALMER-GLEW, s. " Chambering, se- 
cret wantonness," Gl. Sibb. V. Glew. 
CHALMERLANE,s. Chamberlain. Acts 

CHALMERLANRIE,s. The office of a cham- 
berlain; chamberlainship. Acts Ja. VI. 
CHALMILLETT, *. The stuff called cam- 
let, made of silk and wool. Inventories. — 
In O.E. chamlet, Fr. camelot; being ori- 
ginally made of the hair of the camel. 
CHALOUS, Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. i. 11. 

V. Cholle. 
CHAMBERERE,s. A chamberlain. King's 

Quair. — Fr. chambrier, id. Sw. kamerer. 
CHAMBRADEESE, s. 1. A parlour, a 
name still used by some old people, Fife. 
Properly, Chamber of dais. 2. Sometimes, 
the best bed-room. — Fr. chambre au dais, 
a chamber with a canopy. V. Deis. 
CHAMLANRIE, 8. The office of cham- 
berlain. — From O.Fr. chamellan, a cham- 
berlain. V. Chalmerlane. 
CHAMLOTHE, Chamlet, s. Camelot, or 
camlet — From Fr. chameau, a camel; this 
cloth being originally made of camel's hair. 
To CHAMMER, v. a. To quash; to silence; 
to settle; as, " If I had heard him, I wad 
hae chammer'd his talk till him," Roxb. 
— Teut. kommer-en, manus injicere, reti- 
nere ; arrestare ; kamer-en, in cella con- 
dere, q. to confine ; to restrain. 
To CHAMP, v. a. To chop, to mash, to chew, 
S. Chomp, Lancash., to cut things small. 
Godscroft. — Germ. Belg. kapp-en, id. Or 
rather from Isl. kamp-a, masticare. 
CHAMP, s. A mire ; as, " That's a perfect 
chump," Tweedd. ; q. what is trodden 
down or mashed by the feet of animals. 
CHAMP, s. The figure that is raised on 
diaper, silk, &c. — Fr. champ is applied to 
work of the same kind ; as, champ d'une 
tapisserie ; but the term, according to its 
primary sense, denotes the area, or field, 
on which the figures in tapestry are raised. 
CH AMP ARTE, s. Field-rent; that portion 
of the fruits of the soil paid by a tenant 
to his lord. — Fr. champar, or champart, id. 




CHAMPIES, :?. pi. Mashed potatoes, Ber- 
wick s. 

CHAMPIT, adj. Having raised figures, 
embossed, diapered. Pal ice of Honour. — 
Tent, schamp-en, radere, scalpere. 

CHANCELLARIE,s. Chancery. ActsJa. 
VI. — Fr. chancelerie, id. Johnson con- 
jectures that E. chancery, has been, " pro- 
bably, chancellery, then shortened." 

CHANCELLOR of a Jury. The foreman 
of it, S. Heart Mid-Loth . 

To CHANCH, ». a. To change. Acts Ja. V. 

CHANCY, adj. 1. Fortunate, happy, S. 
Douglas— Fr. chanceaux, id. 2. Fore- 
boding good fortune, S. Any person or 
thing viewed as inauspicious, is said to 
be no chancy, S. This term is very com- 
monly applied to one who is supposed to 
be conversant with magical arts. 3. Safe 
in a literal sense ; but commonly used 
with the negative prefixed ; not chancy, 
not safe, dangerous. Ross. 

CHANDLER, Chanler,s. A candlestick, 
S. Ramsay. — Fr. chandelier, a branch 
for holding candles, used obliquely. Grose 
mentions ehaundler. 

s. pi. Lantern-jaws ; thin cheek-blades, 
S. Skinner. 

CHANG, s. Apparently, reiteration of one 
thing, Aberd. Chirmin' chcmg. Skinner. 
— This word seems to be used in a simi- 
lar sense with Chaunerin ; allied, per- 
haps, to Isl. kiaenk, avium vox ; crocitus, 
q. " a croaking sound." V. Chirme. 

CHANGE, s. Custom; as denoting the prac- 
tice of buying from certain persons, S. 
Train's Mountain Muse. 

CHANGE, Change - House, Change - 
House, s. A small inn or alehouse, S. 

CHANGE-KEEPER, s. One who keeps an 
alehouse, or a petty inn, Perths. Lanarks. 

A game well known in Loth, and in the 
South of S. — In this game, as many seats 
are placed round a room as will serve all 
the company save one. The want of a 
seat falls on the individual by a kind of 
lot. All the rest being seated, he who 
has no seat stands in the middle, repeat- 
ing the words, " Change seats, change 
seats," &c, while all the rest are on the 
alert to observe when he adds, " The 
King's come," or as it is sometimes ex- 
pressed, "The King's coming;" as they 
must then all rise and change their seats. 
The sport lies in the bustle made in con- 
sequence of every one's endeavouring to 
avoid the misfortune of being the unhappy 
individual who is left without a seat. Rob 
Roy. This game, although childish, is 
evidently meant to ridicule the political 
scramble for places on occasion of a 
change of government, or in the succession. 

CHANLER-CHAFTED, adj. Lantern- 

jawed ; having chops like a chandler or 
candlestick, S.B. Journ. Land. 

CHANNEL, s. A gutter ; a kennel. Bal- 
four's Pr act. — Fr. chenal; Belg. kennel; 
Lat. canal-is, id. This word has been 
probably borrowed from the French, while 
residing in this country, during the reign 
of Mary. 

CHANNEL, s. Gravel, S. (synon. chad.) — 
Perhaps from channel, the bed of a river. 
V. Chingle. 

CHANNELLY,«r//. Gravelly, S. Stat. Ace. 

CHANNEL-STANE, s. The name given 
to the stone used in the diversion of curl- 
ing. Gall.- — Perhaps thus denominated, 
as they are generally such as are taken 
from the bed of a river. 

CHANNER, s. Gravel ; often Channers ; 
synon. with Channel, Aberd. 

To CHANNER, v. n. To fret, to be in a 
chiding humour, S. Minstrelsy Border. 
— Ir. cannr-an, to mutter or grumble ; 
Gael. id. cannran, contention, grumbling. 

CHANOS, adj. Gray ; hoary. Douglas. 
— Lat. oanus. V. Canois. 

CHANRY-KIRK,Channery-Kirk,^. Corr. 
of Chanonry, or Canonry kirk, i. e., Kirk 
of the Canons, S. Spalding. 

CHANTER, s. The drone of a bagpipe, S. 
Lady of the Lake. — Gael, cantair, chanter, 
(Shaw,) apparently a singer; primarily 
applied to the person; hence, perhaps, to 
the drone. 

CHANTERIS, s. pi. Laics endowed with 
ecclesiastical benefices. Bannat. Poems. 

CHANTY, Chantie, s. A chamber-pot ; 
an urinal ; a cant term, Roxb. Ayrs. Fife. 

CHANTICLEER, s. A name given to the 
Dragonet, Firth of Forth.— " Callionymus 
Lyra, Dragonet; Chanticleer, or Gowdie." 
NeilPs List of Fishes. This name is also 
given to a cock, Scot, and Eng. 

CHANTIE-BEAK, 8. A prattling child ; 
a chatter-box, Roxb. — Apparently from 
Fr. chant-er, to warble, (E. chant,) as ex- 
pressive of cheerfulness, and bee, the bill 
or beak. V. Beik, s. 

CHANTIN', adj. Loquacious, and at the 
same time pert, Roxb. 

CHAP, s. 1. A fellow, a contemptuous term ; 
sometimes chappie, or " little chap," S. 
Burns. 2. Like chield, it is also applied 
to a female, S.B. Ross.— Su.G. kaeps, 
keips, kaebs, homo servilis conditionis. 

To CHAP, v. a. 1. To strike with a ham- 
mer, or any instrument of similar use, S. 
— Teut. kapp-en, incidere ; Belg. schopp- 
en, to strike, Sewel. 2. To chop, to cut 
into small pieces, S. 3. To bruise ; to 
beat; to break, S.B. — Teut. kapp-en, con- 
scindere minutim. 

To CHAP hands, to strike hands, especially 
in concluding a bargain, S. Ross. 

To CHAP aff, to strike off.— Su.G. kapp-a, 
to amputate. 




To CHAP, r. n. 1. To strike ; " the knock's 
chappin," the clock strikes, S. Guy 
Mannering. 2. To chap at a door, to 
knock, to rap, S. Sir Egeir. 

CHAP, Chaup, Choppe, s. 1. A stroke of 
any kind; a blow, S. Burns. — Tent, kip, 
ictus; Moes.G. ka upat-jan, colaphos inge- 
rere. Or perhaps Su.G. kaepp, baculus, a 
stick. 2. A tap or rap, S. Minst. Bord. 
Z. Boyd uses choppe in the same sense. 

To CHAP, Chaup out, Chaups, v. a. 1. 
To fix upon any person or thing by se- 
lection, s. Hence the phrase, Chap ye, 
chuse ye. Ramsay. 2. Suddenly to em- 
brace a proposal made in order to a bar- 
gain ; to hold one at the terms men- 
tioned^. — Belg.kipp-en,to choose; which 
seems only a secondary sense of the v. in 
Teut., as signifying to lay hold of. 

CHAP, s. The act of choosing ; Chap and 
choice, great variety, S.B. Ross. 

CHAP,?. A shop. Many. 

To CHAP out, r. a. To call out by a tap 
on a pane of the window, S. Black u: 

To CHAP yont, r. n. To get out of the 
way, Aberd. Apparently equivalent to 
E. chop about, as applied to the shifting 
of the wind. Tarras's Poems. 

CHAP and CHOICE, great variety, S. 67. 

CHAPDUR,*. Chapter. Chart. Aberd. 

CHAPIN, Chappin, s. Chopin, a quart, S. 

To Tak a Chappin, is a circumlocution 
commonly used to express an attachment 
to intoxicating liquor, S. 

CHAPIS, s. pi. Established prices and 
rates. V. Chaites. 

CHAPYT. V. Chaipe. 

CHAPLING, s. The term used when, at 
an election, merchants or craftsmen lose 
their individual votes, and go with the 
majority of their guild or craft. — Su.G. 
kaeppl-a, to gag, bacillo os obturare ; 
from kaepp, baculus. 

CHAPMAN, s. A pedler, a hawker, S., a 
merchant, O.E. Statist. Ace. — A.S. ccap- 
man ; Sw. kocpman, a merchant. 

CHAPPAN, adj. " Tall of stature; clever." 
Gl. Picken. Ayrs. also expl. " lusty," 
Ed. 1813.— This must be merely a Scot- 
tish modification of the E. word chopping, 
used in the first sense. 

CHAPPED BY, pret. Apparently got out 
of the way. Pitscottie. V. Chap yont. 

CHAPPER, g. An instrument for bruising 
potatoes, &c, Aberd. 

CHAPPIE, ,--. A little fellow, S. Gait. 

CHAPPING-STICKS, s. Any instrument 
which one uses for strikina; with, S. 

CHAPTERLY, adv. A presbytery is said 
to be chapterly met, or convened, when 
all the members are present ; formerly 
written Chaptourly.— -The term has been 
transmitted from the times of popery ; 

from chapter, chaptour, " an assembly of 
the clergy of a cathedral or collegiate 

CHAR, s. Carriages. Barbour. — Fr. char, 
a wagon, a car. 

CHAR, s. A certain quantity of lead. Balf. 
Pract. — It seems properly to signify a 
car£-load-full. V. Char, s. Carriages. 

To CHAR, v. a, 1. To stop. Dour/las. 2. To 
char by, to turn aside. Douglas. — A.S. 
cerr-an, to turn, to turn from, divertere. 

CHAR. On char, to a side. Douglas. — A.S. 
cerre, turning, bending, winding. 

To CHAR. Char doute. Perhaps, " mur- 
mur, distrust." Barbour. — A.S. cear-ian, 
to complain, to murmur. 

CHARBUKILL, s. 1. A carbuncle. Dou- 
glas. 2. An ulcer. Pohcart. — Fr. escar- 
boucle, carboucle, the pestilent botch or 
sore, termed a carbuncle. 

CHARD, pret. V. Chier. 

CH AR'D. Expl. " leaning place." 

CHARE,s. A chariot. Douglas. — Fr.c/;a; - ,id. 

CHARE, s. Care, charge. Ross. — Like E. 
charie, from A.S. car, cura, or cearig, so- 

CHARGES, s. pi. Rents. Bulk of Discip- 
line. — Fr. charge, pension, rente. 

To CHARK, r. n. 1. To make a grating 
noise, as the teeth do when grinding any 
gritty substance accidentally mingled with 
one's food, Dumfr. Chirk, q. v. synon. 
2. To be habitually complaining ; to be 
constantly in a querulous humour, ibid. 

CHARKAR, s. Meaning doubtful. 

CHARKER, s. A cricket, Dumfr.— Pro- 
bably from A.S. cearc-ian, stridere, " to 
creake, to make a noise ; to charke, or 
chirke," Somner. 

CHARLEWAN, Charlewayne, s. The 
constellation Ursa Major, also called the 
Plough, S. Douglas. — A.S. carleasicagn; 
Su.G. karhcaqn ; Dan. karlvoqn. 

CHARNAILL' BANDIS, s. pi. Strong 
hinges used for massy doors or gates, ri- 
veted, and often having a plate, on each 
side of the gate, S. ; centre-hinges, E. Wal- 
lace. — Fr. charniere, a hinge, a turning- 

CHARNALE, s. Perhaps corr. from Fr. 
charniere, a hinge, or turning-joint. In- 
ventories. V. Charnaill Bandis. 

CHARRIS. V. Char, r. 

CHARTER-HOUSS, s. The name given 
to the monastery of the Carthusians. — Fr. 
chart reux. Acts Ja. VI. 


CHARVE, adj. Great, Orkn. 

CHAS, s. The game of chess. Inventories. 

CHASBOL, Ciiesbol, Chesbowe, s. Poppy. 
Complaynt S. Douglas. 

CHASE, s. Brack a chase, perhaps, begun 
a pursuit. Knox. 

CHASER, .9. A ram that has only one tes- 
ticle, Selkirks. Hogg. 

CHASS, *\ Case, condition. Wallact 


1 no 



To CHASTY, c. a, To chastise, to correct. 
Barbour. — Fr. chastl-cr, id. 

To CHASTIFY, r. a. To make chaste.— 
Perhaps meant as strictly signifying emas- 
culare, like Fr. chastr-er. However, L.B. 
castificare se, signifies, se castum exhibere, 
servare, Da Cange. 

To CHASTIZE, v. a, To abridge.— Evi- 
dently a metaph. use of the E. r. 

CHASUBYL, s. The same with Chesybil. 

To CHAT, v. a. 1. To bruise slightly. 2. To 
chafe, Sv; synon. chack. 

CHAT THE, "Hang thyself;" Rudd. 
Douglas. — According to Sherrif's, Chat is 
" sometimes a cant name for the gallows," 
Gl. Abcrd. 

CIIATON, Chatto.x, s. " The beazill, collet, 
head, or broadest part of a ring, &c, 
wherein the stone is set," Cotgr., Fr. 

To CHATTER, v. a. To divide a thing by 
causing many fractures ; to break suddenly 
into small pieces, Aberd.; to Shatter, E. 

CHATTY-PUSS, s. A term used in calling 
to a cat, Roxb. Evidently of the same 
origin with Cheet, q. v. 

To CHATTLE, v. n. To eat as a lamb, or 
a young child ; to nibble ; to chew feebly, 
Ettr. For. — This may be a diniin. from A.S. 
ceoic-an, or Teut. kauw-en, kouw-en, id., 

CHAUDMALLET, s. A blow ; a beating, 
Aberd. Evidently a relique of Chaud- 
melli, q. v. 

CHAUDMELLE', .*. A sudden broil or 
quarrel. Skene. — Fr. Chaude, hot, and 
meslee, melee, broil. 

CIIAUD-PEECE, s. Gonorrhoea. Polwart. 
■ — Fr. chaude-pisse, id. 

CHAVELING, Shayelin, s. A tool, espe- 
cially employed by cartwrights and coach- 
makers, for smoothing hollow or circular 
wood, S. Synon. with Spokeshave. Aberd. 
Reg. — A.S. scafa, a shaving instrument ; 
Teut. scheme, dolabra, planula, from schau- 
en, to smooth with a plane. 

CH AUFFR A Y, s. Merchandise.— Chafare, 
id., Chaucer; from A.S. ceapian, to buy ; 
also to sell. R. Cv'dyear. 

CHAUKS, s. A sluice, Roxb.; syn. Fleics. 
Perhaps q. what chacks, i. e., checks or 
restrains the water, when apt to overflow. 

To CHAUM, r. n. To chew voraciously ; 
to eat up, Ettr. For. — Isl. klammi, max- 
illa, kiams-a, buccas volutare, kiarnt, mo- 
tio maxillarum. 

CHAUVE, adj. 1. A term denoting that 
" colour in black cattle when white hair 
is pretty equally mixed with black hair." 
Surv. Nairn and Moray. 2. Also ap- 
plied to "a swarthy person" when "pale," 
ibid. — It is, undoubtedly, the same with 
Haw, Haare, q. v.; for Chance is always 
pron. as if written with the Gr. x- 

To CHAW, r. a. 1. To chew, S., as in E. 
2. To fret or cut by attrition, Aberd. 

To CHAW, r. a. 1. To fret, to gnaw. Dou- 

glas. _ 2. To provoke, to vex, S.— O.Fr. 
chaloir, to put in pain; Fr. choiie, " disap- 
pointed, frustrated," Cotgr. 

CHEAP O'T. A Scottish idiom commonly 
applied to one who superabundantly de- 
serves any affront or misfortune he has 
met with ; q. cheap of it. 

CHEARY, Cheerie, adj. Cheerful, S. Pic- 

CHEATRIE, Cheatry, s. 1. Deceit* fraud, 
S. Fountainhall. 2. The act of cheating; 
fraud; deceit in mercantile dealings, play, 
or otherwise, S. 

CHEATRIE, Cheatry, adj. 1. Fraudful ; 
deceitful; " a cheat rie body," one addicted 
to cheating, S. 2. Applied to the means 
used for deception, S.; as in the old adage, 
" Cheatrie game 'ill aye kythe," i. e., false 
play will show itself sooner or later. — 
A.S. ceatt, circumventio; Su.G. kyt-a,mu- 
tare, permutare, Hire ; dolose imponere, 
Seren. Cheatrie may, indeed, be viewed 
as compounded of A.S. ceatt, circumven- 
tio, and rie, dives; q. " rich in deceit." 

CHEAT-THE-WUDDIE, adj. Defrauding 
the gallows of its rightful prey, S., s. 
One who defrauds the gallows. Rob Roy. 


CHEATS, Chits, s. The sweet-bread. Chits 
and nears, a common dish in S., i. e., 
kidneys and sweet-breads. Watson's Coll. 

CHECK, s. A bird. V. Chack. 

CHECKSPAIL, s. A box on the ear; a 
blow on the cheek or chops ; q. cheek- 
play. — From Teut. spel, also spiel, ludus. 
Cheekspool, Fife. 

CHEDHER, s. Chedher Male, an unintel- 
ligible phrase. Chart. Sancti Andr. V. 

CHEECKIE, Cheekie, Checkie, adj. Full 
of cunning, Aberd. Tarras. — Teut. kecke, 
fallacia, dolus. 

To CHEEK, r. a. " To natter," Gl, Shir- 
refs, Aberd. — Teut. kaeck-en signifies to 
pilfer, suppilare, manticulari ; or from 
the same origin with Cheeckie. 

CHEEK of the Fire. The side of the Sre, 
Roxb. Im/lc-cheek, synon. 

CHEEK-BLADE, s. The cheek-bone, S. 
CI eland. 

CHEEK-FOR-CHOW. Cheek by jole, S. 
V. Chol. 

To CHEEM, v. a. To knock one down, Orkn. 
— Perhaps it originally denoted a stroke 
on the chops, from Isl. kiammi, maxilla. 

CHEERER, s. A glass of spirits mixed with 
warm water and sugar ; a tumbler of toddy, 
South of S., Ayrs. Guy Mannerim/. 

CHEESE-HAKE, ». A frame for drying 
cheeses when newly made, S. V. Hake. 

CHEESE-RACK, s. The same with Cheese- 
hake, S. Ferguson. 

CHEET, interj.' The call directed to a cat, 
when one wishes her to approach, S. It 
is generally doubled ; as, Cheet! cheet! — 
There seems to be little reason to doubt 




that this is from Fr. chat, the name given 
to this animal. 

CHEFFROUN, s. A piece of ornamental 
head-dress for ladies. V. Schaffroun. 

CHEIF-SCHIMMEIS,*. A principal dwell- 
ing-place, or manor-house. Acts Ja. VI. 
V. Chemys. 

CHEIFTYME, s. Reign ; q. the time of 
one's being chief, or sovereign. Coilyear. 

To CH£IM, v. a.' To divide equally ; espe- 
cially in cutting down the backbone of an 
animal, S.B. — Apparently corr. from the 
E. v. chine, used in the same sense, from 
chine, the backbone. Fr. eschin-er, id. 

To CHEIP, Chepe, r. n. 1. To peep, to 
chirp, as young birds in the nest, S. Com- 
playnt S. Cheepe,O.E. 2. To squeak with a 
shrill and feeble voice, S. Godscroft. 3. To 
mutter ; applied metaph. to man, S. Ban- 
natyne Poems. 4. To creak, S. — Isl. heyp-a, 
vagire modo puerorum; keipar, puerorum 

CHEIP, Cheep, s. A whisper; the slightest 
hint or innuendo, S. It admits of the same 
various significations as the r. It is also 
used, in a general sense, to denote noise 
of any kind. " I did not hear a chi ip" 
i. e., there was not the least noise, S. 

CHEIPER, s. The cricket, an insect ; de- 
nominated from the noise it makes, Loth. 
When cheepers come to a house, it be- 
tokens good luck, Roxb. 

CHEIPER, s. The Bog Iris; so called, 
because children make a shrill noise with 
its leaves, Roxb. 

CHEIPING, Cheeping, s. Shrill squeak- 
ing, S. 

To CHEIPS, r. a. To buy or sell. Mait- 
land Poems. — A.S. ceap-an, eniere, ven- 
dere ; whence E. cheapen. 

To CHEIS, Cheiss, Ches, Chese. 1. To 
choose. Fordun. 2. To appoint ; used 
in an oblique sense. Sir Tristrem. — 
Moes.G. kes-an; A.S.ceos-an; Helg.kies-en; 
Su.G. kes-a, id. Chauc. chese. 

To CHEITLE, v. n. To chirp; to chatter 
or warble ; applied to the sounds emitted 
by small birds when they sit upon their 
young, or feed them, Kinross. Perths. — 
It must be viewed as radically the same 
with Teut. quedel-en, garrire, modular!. 

read chekis. 

CHEK,s. 1. Cheek. Douglas. 2. The post 
of a gate. Douglas. The posts of a door 
are still called the door-cheeks. 

CHEKER, Checker, s. The exchequer. 
Stat. Bob. III. 

CHELIDERECT, s. A kind of serpent, Bu- 
ret. — Fr. chelydre ; Lat. chelydrus, id. 

CHEMAGE'. 'Wallace. Che'mes hie, i. e., 
high dwelling, seems the true reading. V. 

CHEMER, s. A loose upper garment. 
Barbour. V. Chymour. 

CHEMYS, Chymes, Chymmes, Chymis, $, 

A chief dwelling; as the manor-house 
of a landed proprietor, or the palace of a 
prince. Baron Courts. — O.Fr. chefmez, 
chefmois, the chief mansion-house on an 
estate ; L.B. caput mansi. 

CHENYIE, Chenye, s. A chain. Hanged 
in a Chen yie, hung in chains. Complayni. S. 

CHENNONIS, s. pi. Canons belonging to 
a Cathedral. Moulate. 

To CHEPE, v. n. To chirp. V. Cheip. 

CHERITIE,Cherite,s. Meaning doubtful. 

To CHERK, v. n. To emit a grating sound, 
South of S. PLoqg. 

CHERRY of Tay. The name formerly 
given to a species of sea-fish in the Firth of 
Tav ; supposed to be the Smelt, S. Spirting. 

CHESBOW, g. The poppy. V. Chasbol. 

To CHESE, r. a. To choose. V. Cheis. 

CHESYBIL, s. An ecclesiastical dress, 
O.E. chesuble, a short vestment without 
sleeves. Wyntown. — L.B. casubla; Fr. ca- 
suble, id., a little cope. 

CHESOP, s. An ecclesiastical dress. Ab- 
brev. from ChesybU, q. v. Inventories. 

CHESS, s. The quarter, or any smaller di- 
vision of an apple, pear, &c, cut regularly 
into pieces. " The chess of an orange," 
one of the divisions of it, Roxb. — Fr. 
chasse, " that thing, or part of a thiug, 
wherein another is enchased," Cotgr. 

CHESS, s. 1. The frame of wood for a win- 
dow; a sash, S. 2. The iron frame which 
surrounds types, after they are set for 
the press, S. — Fr. chassis also signifies a 
" printer's tympane," Cotgr. 

CHESS ART, s. A cheese-vat, S.O. Clies- 
sirt, Cheswirt, Fife. 

CHESSEL, s. A cheese-vat ; the same 
with Cheswell, and Chessart, Nithsd. 

CHESSFORD, Cheeseford, s. The mould 
in which cheese is made, Roxb. Synon. 
Chizzard, and Kaisart, S.B. 

To CHESSOUN, r. a. To subject to blame, 
to accuse. Priests of Peblis. — Fr. achoi- 
sonn-er, id. 

CHESSOUN, Chesowne, s. Blame; accu- 
sation ; exception. Priests of Peblis. — 
Fr. achoison, accusation. 

* CHEST, s. Frequently used for a coffin, 
S. Spalding. 

To CHEST, r'.a. To enclose in a coffin, S. 
V. Kist, s. and v. 

CHESTER, s. 1. The name given to a cir- 
cular fortification in some parts of S. 
Statist. Ace. 2. The designation of a num- 
ber of places, such as farm-towns, in the 
south of S., either by itself or in conjunc- 
tion with some otherword, as Highchester, 
Bonchester, Whitechester, Chesterhouse, 
Chesterha.ll,kc. — Lat. castra, adopted into 
A.S. in the form of ceaster, a fort, a castle. 

CHESTER BEAR. The name commonly 
given, in Angus and Perths., to big, as 
distinguishing it from Barley-bear, which 
denotes what is, in England, strictly 
called barley. 




CHESWELL, s. A cheese-vat. Kelly. 

CHEVELRIE,s. Cavalry. V. Chewalry. 

CHEVERON, s. Armour for a horse's head. 
Sir Gawan and Sir Gal. — L.B. cham- 
frenum, Du Cange; Fr. chanfrain, chan- 

CHEVIN, part. pa. Succeeded; prospered; 
achieved. Maitland Poems. Fr. chevir, 
to obtain, also to make an end. 

CHEVISANCE, s. Procurement; means of 
acquiring. Acts Ja. I. 

CHEVRON, s. A glove.— Originally, per- 
haps, a glove made of kid leather; from 
Fr. cherreau, a kid. 

To CHEW, v. a. To stew, Lanarks. ; a 
corrupt provincialism. 

CHEWAL, adj. Distorted. V. Shevel and 
Showl. Dunbar. 

CHEWALRY, s. 1. Men in arms, of what- 
ever rank. Barbour. 2. Cavalry. Bel- 
lenden. 3. Courage ; prowess in arms. 
Barbour. — Fr. chevalerie, knighthood, 
transferred to armed men without distinc- 
tion. It also signifies prowess. 

CHEWALROUS, adj. Brave ; gallant. 
Barbour. — O.Fr. c'hevalcureux, illustris, 

CHEWALRUSLY, adv. Bravely; gal- 
lantly. Barbour. 

ToCHEWYS, v. a. To compass; to achieve; 
to accomplish. Barbour. 

CHEWYSANCE, Chewysans, s. Acquire- 
ment ; provision ; means of sustenance. 

CHIAR, s. A chair. The vulgar pronun- 
ciation nearly resembles this. Cheyr, S. 

To CHICK, r. n. To make a clicking noise, 
as a watch does, S. — Teut. kick-en, mutire, 
minimam vocem edere. 

CHICKENWORT,s. Chickweed, S. Alsine 
media, Linn. From chicken and icort, an 

* CHIEF, adj. Intimate ; as, " They 're 
very chief wi' ane anither," S. Synon. 
Grit, Tlirang, Pack, Frejf, &c. 

CHIEL, s. Used in the sense of child, 
Aberd. " duel, child ; Wi' chief, with 
child." Gl. Shirrefs. — Perhaps the word, 
in this form, has more affinity with Su.G. 
kiill, proles, than with A.S. cild, infans. 

CHIEL, Chield, s. 1. A servant. Chamber- 
chid, a servant who waits in a gentle- 
man's chamber; avalet. Pitscottie. — Su.G. 
kullt, a boy; kulla, a girl; kulle, offspring. 
Or Child, q. v. corr. from O.E. ; pronounced 
by the common people in E. Cheild or 
Cheeld. 2. A fellow, used either in a good 
or bad sense, although more commonly as 
expressive of disrespect, S. Ramsay. 3. A 
stripling, a young man, S. It is applied 
indifferently to a young man or woman, 
S.B. Ross. 4. An appellation expressive 
of fondness, S.B. Ross. 

CHIEL or CHARE. One that a person 
takes a particular interest in ? or to whom 

he acts as guardian, S.B.; i. e., "a child 
of his own, or a ward." Ross. V.Chare,s.2. 

To CHIER, Cheir, t. a. To cut; to wound. 
Chr. Kirk. — A.S. scear-an, scer-an, ton- 
dere. Chard, which occurs in the same 
stanza, seems to be the pret. of the p. 

CHIERE, s. Chair. King's Quair. 

CRIFFERS, s. pi. Cyphers!— Fr. chifres,\d. 

CHILD, Chyld, s. A servant ; a page. 
Wallace. In O.E., a youth, especially 
one of high birth, before he was advanced 
to the honour of knighthood. — -A.S. cild, 
like L. infans; Fr. enfant; Hisp. infant, 
transferred to the heir-apparent of a so- 

CHILDER, pi. 1. Children, S., Lancash. 
Wallace. 2. Retinue ; attendants. 3. 
Used to denominate servants on ship- 
board, or common mariners in relation 
to their master. Balfour's Pract. — A.S. 
cildru, pueri. 

CHYLD-GIFT, s. A present made to a 
child by one who sustains the character 
of godfather. 

CHILD-ILL, s. Labour; pains of child- 
bearing. Barbour. 

To CHIM, r. n. " To take by small por- 
tions ; to eat nicely," Ettr. For. — By the 
usual change of Goth, k into ch, this seems 
to originate from Isl. keim-r, sapor. 

CHYMES, s. A chief dwelling. V. Chemys. 

CHIMLEY, Chijila, Chimney, Chimblay, 
.«. 1. A grate, S. Burrow Lawes. 2. A 
fire-place, S. 3. In the proper sense of 
E. chimney, as denoting " the turret raised 
for conveyance of the smoke," S. — Corn. 
tsch imbla, a chimney. 

CHIMLA-LUG, s. The fire-side, S. Burns. 

CHIMLEY-BRACE, s. 1. The mantel- 
piece, S. 2. The beam which supports 
the cat-and-clay chimneys in cottages ; 
pron. chumla-brace, Teviotd. 

CHIMLEY-CHEEKS, s. pi. The stone 
pillars at the side of a fire, S. 

CHIMLEY-NEUCK,s. The chimney-cor- 
ner, S. Old Mortality. 

CHYMOUR, Chymer, s. LA light gown, 
Maitland Poems. E. cymar. 2. A piece 
of dress worn by archbishops and bishops 
when consecrated. Acts Cha. I. — Fr. cha- 
marre, a loose and light gown ; Ital. cia- 
niare; Belg. samare. 

CHYNA, s. A chain. Act. Audit. 

CHINE, s. The end of a barrel, or that 
part of the staves which projects beyond 
the head, S. Acts Cha. I. — Isl. kan i, pro- 
minula pars rei, that part of a thing that 
projects; also rostrum, Haldorson. Chine, 
however, may be corr. from E. chime, 
chimb, id., especially as Teut. kieme, and 
kimme, signify margo vasis ; and Su.G. 
kim, extremum dolii. 

CHINGILY, adj. Gravelly, S. Statistical 

CHINGLE,s. Gravel, S. ibid. V. Channel. 

CHINK, .«. A cant term for money, Gallo- 




way. Denominated from the sound made 
by silver. 

CHINLIE, adj. Gravelly, Moray. The 
same with t 'han nelly and < 'h inglie. Sh a id's 

CHINTIE-CHIN, s. A long chin ; a chin 
which projects, Perths. 

To CHIP, Chyp, v.n. LA bird is said to 
be chipping, when it cracks the shell, 
A.Bor., id. 2. To break forth from a 
shell or calix; applied to flowers, also 
to grain when it begins to germinate, S. 
Douglas. 3. Metaph. applied to the pre- 
paration necessary to the flight of a per- 
son. Minst. Bord. 4. Transferred to a 
woman who is in the early state of preg- 
nancy, S. 5. It is applied to ale when 
it begins to ferment in the working-vat, 
S.O. — Belg. kipp-en, to hatch; to disclose. 

CHIPERIS, s. pi. Most probably, gins ; 
snares; allied, perhaps, to Teut. kip, deci- 
pulum, from kipp-en, capere. 

CHIPPIE-BURDIE, s. A term used in a 
promise made to a child, for the purpose 
of pacifying or pleasing it ; I'll gie you a 
chippie-bur die, Loth. — Perhaps a child's 
toy, called a cheepy-burdie, from the 
noise made when the air is forced out; or 
a corr. of Fr. chapeau horde, a cocked, or, 
perhaps, an embroidered hat. 

CH YPPYNUTIE, s. A mischievous spirit. 
Police of Honour. V. Skrymmorie. 

CHYRE, s. A chair. Inventories. 

CHYRE,.t. Cheer; entertainment. Dunbar. 

To CHIRK, Jirk, Jirg, Chork, v. re. 1. 
To make a grating noise, S. Popular 
Ball. To chirk ivith the teeth, also ac- 
tively, to chirk the teeth, to rub them 
against each other, S. 2. Used to denote 
"the noise made by the feet when the 
shoes are full of water," S. Ramsay. — A.S. 
cearc-ian, crepitare, stridere, to gnash, 
to creak ; Chaucer, to chirke. 

CHIRK, s. The sound made by the teeth, 
or by any hard body, when rubbed ob- 
liquely against another. 

To CHIRL, v. n. 1. To chirp, Roxb.; syn. 
Churl. 2. To emit a low, melancholy 
sound, as birds do in winter, or before a 
storm, Clydes. Hogg. 3. " To warble 
merrily," Clydes. — S\v. sorl-a, to murmur; 
to make a noise like running water, Seren.; 
A.S. cear-ian, ceorr-ian, queri, murmur- 
are. 4. To whistle shrilly, Roxb. 

CHIRL, s. The single emission of a low, 
melancholy sound, Clydes. 

CHIRLING, s. Such a sound continued, ib. 

To CHIRL, v. n. To laugh immoderately, 
Dumfr. Synon. to kink with lauchin. — 
Perhaps in allusion to the sound made by 
a moor-fowl, or partridge, when raised. 
V. Churr, Churl. Hire, rendering the 
term Kurra, murmurare, mentions Germ. 
hurrel-n, as synon. 

CHIRLE, s. The double-chin; the wattles 
of a cook, Renfr. V. Choler. 

CHIRLE, s. A small bit of any thing, es- 
pecially of edibles, Lanarks. — Allied, per- 
haps, to Teut. schier-en, partiri. 
CHIRLES, s. pi. Pieces of coal, of an in- 
termediate size between the largest and 
chows, which are the smallest, except 
what is called culm, Fife. 
CHIRM, s. Chirms of grass, the early 
shoots of grass, Roxb. — This, it is sup- 
posed, has been corr. from E. germ, or 
Fr. qerme, id. 
To CHIRM, r. a. To warble, S. Picken. 
To CHIRME, v. n. 1. Used to denote the 
mournful sound emitted by birds, espe- 
cially when collected together before a 
storm, S. Douglas. 2. To chirp, with- 
out necessarily implying the idea of a 
melancholy note, S. Ferguson. 3. To be 
peevish ; to be habitually complaining, S. 
— Belg. kerm-en, lamentari, quiritari; Isl. 
jarmr,\ox avium, garritus ; Dan. karm- 
er, to grieve or fret. 
CHYRME, s. 1. Note; applied to birds. 

Douglas. 2. A single chirp. Train. 
To CHIRPLE, v. n. To twitter as a swal- 
low, S.B. A dimin. from E. v. to chirp. 
CHIRPLE, s. A twittering note, S.B. 
To CHIRR, v. n. To chirp, Clydesd.— O.E. 
chirre, id. ; Germ, kirr-en, girr-en, to coo 
as a dove ; also to emit a shrill sound. 
To CHIRT, r. a. 1. To squeeze ; to press 
out, S. Douglas. 2. To act in a griping 
manner ; also, to squeeze or practise ex- 
tortion, S. 3. " To squirt, or send forth 
suddenly," Gl. Sibb., Roxb. 
CHIRT, s. 1. A squeeze, S. 2. A squirt, 
Roxb. 3. A small quantity; as, a chirt of 
gerss, a small quantity of grass; a chirt of 
water, applied to very little water, Roxb. 
To CHIRT, v. n. To press hard at stool, 

S. Picken. 
To CHIRT in, v. re. To press in, S.O. 
To CHIRT, b. re. Expl. in Gl. to " confine 
laughter," Galloway. Davidson's Seasons. 
CHlRURGINAR,s. Surgeon. Aberd.Reg. 
To CHISELL, Chizzel, v. a. To press in 

a cheese-vat, S.O. 
CHIT, s. A small bit of bread, or of any 

kind of food, S. 
To CHITTER, v. n. 1 . To shiver; to trem- 
ble, S. Ramsay. 2. To chatter. The 
teeth are said to chitter, when they strike 
against each other, S. — Teut. tsitter-en; 
Germ, schutt-em, to quiver. 
To CHITTER, v. a. To warble; to chatter, 
Galloway. Davidson's Seasons. — Germ. 
zwitcher-n denotes the chirping or chat- 
tering of birds. 
CHITTER-LILLING, s. An opprobrious 
term. Dunbar. — Perhaps the same as E. 
chitterlin, the intestines. 
To CHITTLE, Tchittle, v. a. To eat corn 
from the ear, putting off the husk with 
the teeth, Dumfr. — Isl. tutl-a, rostro qua- 
tere, vel avellere ; tutl, the act of tearing 
or peeling. 


1 r>* 


To CHITTLE, r. n. To warble; to chatter, 
Dumfr. Synon. Quhittcr. R. JVith. Song. 
CHIZZARD. V. Kaisart. 
To CHIZZEL, v. a. To cheat ; to act de- 
ceitfully, S.B. Chouse, E. — Belg. kicee- 
zel-en, to act hypocritically. 
CHOCK, s. A name given, in the West of 
S., to the disease commonly called the 
croup. — Perhaps from its tendency to 
produce suffocation. 
CHOFFER, s. A chaffing-dish, S.— Fr. es- 
chauff-er, to chafe, eschauff-ure, a chafing. 

CHOFFING-DISH, s. The same. 
To CHOISE, Choyse, Choice, t. a. 1. To 
choose ; to elect, S. Blue Blanket. 2. To 
prefer, S. Maxwell's Bee-master. 

CHOK-BAND, s. The small strip of lea- 
ther by which a bridle is fastened around 
the jaws of a horse, S. 

CHOKKEIS, pronounced chouks, s. pi. 
The jaws ; properly the glandular parts 
under the jaw-bones, S. Wallace. — Isl. 
kalke, Malke, maxilla, the jaws; kuok, gu- 
la, faux bruti. V. Chukis. 

C'HOL, Chow, s. The jole or jowl. Ever- 
green. — A.S. ceole, faucis, ceolas, fauces, 
the jaws. Cheek for chow, S., cheek by 
jole. Ramsay. 

CHOLER, Chuller, Churl, s. 1. A double 
chin, S. Journal Bond. 2. Chollers, pi., 
the gills of a fish, Upp. Clydes. Roxb. ; 
Chullers, Dumfr. — Perhaps from some sup- 
posed resemblance between the inflation 
of the lungs and that of the double chin, 
especially under the influence of anger. 

CHOLLE, s. Perhaps the chough. Sir 
Gawan and Sir Gal. 

CHOOP, Choup, s. The fruit of the wild 
briar, Rubus major. Synon. Hip, Dumfr. 
Roxb. Ayrs. Perhaps A.S. heope, hiope,id. 

To CHOOWOW, r. n. To grumble; to 
grudge, Fife. V. Chaw. 

CHOOWOWIN', s. The act of grumbling 
or grudging, ibid. 

CHOP, Chope, Choip, s. A shop. This 
is the vulgar pronunciation, generally, 
throughout S. V. Chap. Poems 10'fA Cent. 

To CHORE. V. Chirk. 

To CHORP, v. n. To emit a creaking sound, 
as shoes with water in them, Loth. 

CHOSS, s. Choice. Barbour. 

CHOUKS. V. Chokkeis. 

CHOUSKIE, s. A knave, Shetl.— Appa- 
rently from Su.G. Isl. kusk-a, pellicere, as 
it is the business of a deceiver to entice 
others. Ihre gives kouska as the Norw. 
form of the r. E. chouse is, undoubtedly, 
a cognate term, and, most probablv, cozen. 

CHOW,s. The jowl. V. Chol. 

CHOW, g. 1. A wooden ball used in a 
game like Shinty, played with clubs, Mo- 
ray, Banff's. 2. The game itself is hence 
denominated The Chou: — Perhaps from 
Dan. kolle; Teut. kolue, a bat or club ; or 
from Isl. kug-a; Dan. hie, cogere. 

To CHOW, v. a. To chew. S. 

CHOW, Chaw, s. 1. A mouthful of any 
thing that one chews, S. 2. Used, by 
way of eminence, for a quid of tobacco, S. 
Ballad Muirland Willie. 
CHOW'D MOUSE. A worn-out person; 
one whose appearance in the morning 
shows that he has spent the night riot- 
ously. He is called " a chow'd mouse," 
or said to " look like a chow'd mouse," 
Roxb. ; i. e., like a mouse to which her 
ruthless foe has given several gashes with 
her teeth, before condescending to give 
the coup de grace. 
To CHOWL, Chool, (like ch in church,) v. n. 
1. To chowl one's chaffs, to distort one's 
mouth, often for the purpose of provoking 
another; to make ridiculous faces, S. — ■ 
Probably corr., because of the distortion 
of the face, from Showl, q. v. 2. To emit 
a mournful cry ; applied to dogs or chil- 
dren, Fife. As regarding children, it al- 
ways includes the idea that they have no 
proper reason for their whining. 
CHOWL, Chool, s. A cry of the kind de- 
scribed above ; a whine, ibid. 
CHOWPIS,^ns. r. Chops about. Douglas. 
CHOWS, s. pi. A smaller kind of coal, 
much used in forges, S. — Perhaps from 
Fr. chou, the geueral name of coal. Stat. 
To CHOWTLE, Chuttle, v. n. To chew 
feebly, as a child or an old person does, 
S. — Isl. jodla, infirmiter mandere. 
CHRISTENMASS, s. Christmas, Aberd. 
CHRISTIE, Cristie, s. 1. The abbrevia- 
tion of Christopher, when a man is re- 
ferred to, S. 2. The abbreviation of 
Christian, if the name of a woman; more 
commonly pron. q. Kir sty, S. 
CHRYSTISMESS, s. Christmas. Wallace. 
CHRISTSWOORT, Christmas Flower. 
Names formerly given in S. to Black Hel- 
To CHUCK, r.a. To toss or throw any thing 
smartly out of the hand, S. V. Shuck, v. 
CHUCK, s. A marble used at the game of 

Taw, or marbles, Dumfr. 
CHUCKET, s. A name given to the Black- 
bird, Island of Hoy, Orkney. Low's 
Faun. Oread. 
CHUCKIE, s. LA low or cant term for 
a hen, S. Guy Mannering. 2. A chicken. 
- — Belg. kui/ken, a chicken. 
CHUCKIE-ST ANE, s. A small pebble, S. ; 
a quartz crystal rounded by attrition on 
the beach. — This may be from Teut. keyk- 
en, a small flint, parvus silex, Kilian. 
But rather, I suspect, from the circum- 
stance of such stones being swallowed by 
domestic fowls. 
CHUCKIE-STANES, Chucks, ?. A game 
played at by girls, in which four pebbles 
are spread on a stone, and while a fifth 
is tossed up, these must be quickly ga- 
thered, and the falling pebble caught in 
its descent in the same hand with them. 




CHUCKLE-HEAD, s. A dolt, Aberd. 
CHUCKLE-HEADED, adj. Doltish, ibid. 
— This is a cant E. word ; Grose's Class. 
Diet. Can it have any affinity to Germ. 
kuyghel, kugel, globus, sphaera; as we 
say 'Bullet-head i 
CHUDREME, Cudreme, s. The designa- 
tion of what is called a stone-weight. — 
" The Ghudreme," Mr. Chalmers has justly 
observed, " is the Irish Cudthrom, the {th) 
being quiescent, which signified weight. 
So, Clach-ar-cudrim means, literally, a 
stone- weight ; punt-ar-cudrim, a pound- 
weight. Macdonald's Gael. Vocab. 
CHUF,s. Clown. Ma it land Poems. Evi- 
dently the same with Cufe, q. v. 
CHUFFIE-CHEEKIT, adj. Having full 

and flaccid cheeks, S. 
CHUFFIE-CHEEKS, s. A ludicrous de- 
signation given to a full-faced child, S. 
V. Chuffy, E. 
To CHUG, <o. n. To tug at an elastic sub- 
stance, Upp. Clydes. — Germ, zug, zuge, 
the act of drawing out ; from Alem. zeoh- 
an, Germ, zieh-en, trahere, attrahere. 
CHUK, s. Asellus marinus. Sibbald. 
CHUKIS, s.^j/. Apparently, a swelling of 
the jaws. Gl. Complaynt. — A.S. ceacena 
sicyle, faucium tumor. 
CHUM, s. Food ; provision for the belly, 

Clydes. Scaff, synon. 
CHUN, s. A term applied to the sprouts 
or germs of barley, in the process of mak- 
ing malt ; also to the shoots of potatoes, 
when they begin to spring in the heap, 
Galloway, Dumfr. 
To CHUN, r. a. To chun potatoes is, in 
turning them to prevent vegetation, to 
nip off the shoots which break out from 
what are called the een, or eyes, ibid., 
Roxb. Upp. Clydesd. — Moes.G. kein-an, 
us-kein-an, germinare; Alem. chin-en, id. 
CHURCH and MICE. A game of children, 
Fife. Said to be the same with the Sow 
in the Kirk, q. v. 
To CHURM, b. a. 1. To tune ; to sing.— 
This seems merely the Gall. pron. of 
Chirme, q. v. 2. To grumble, or emit a 
humming sound, Ayrs. Apparently the 
same with Chirme, sense 3. Gait. 
CHURME, s. Used to denote a low, mur- 
muring, and mournful conversation, ibid. 
To CHURR, Churl, Chirle, v. n. 1. To 
coo; to murmur. Sibb. writes chirle, 
rendering it, " to chirp like a sparrow," 
South of S. 2. Used to denote the cack- 
ling noise made by the moorfowl when 
raised from its seat, Dumfr. — Cimbr. kur, 
murmur ; A.S. ceor-ian, murmurare. 
CIETEZOUR, s. A citizen. Bellenden. 
CYGONIE, s. The stork. Buret. — Fr. 

cicogne, id. 
CYLE, s. The foot, or lower part, of a 
couple or rafter ; synon. Spire, Roxb. — 
A.S. syl, syle, syll, basis, fulcimentum ; 
Su.G. syll, fundamentum cujusvis rei. 

CYMMING, Cumyeoxe, Cumming, s. 1. A 
large oblong vessel, of a square form, 
about a foot or eighteen inches in depth, 
used for receiving what works over from 
the masking-fat or barrel, Loth. 2. A 
small tub or wooden vessel, Ang. Fife. 
Used as synon. with Bowie. 
CYNDIRE, s. A term denoting ten swine. 

Forrest Lawe. 
CYPRUS CAT, a cat of three colours, as 
of black, brown, and white, S. Tortoise- 
shell cat, E. Acts Ja. VI. 
CIRCUAT ABOUT, encircled; surrounded. 

— For circuit; Fr. id. ; Lat. circuit-us. 
CIRCULYE,«tfr. Circularlv. Aberd. Reg. 
To CIRCUMJACK, r. n. To agree to, or 
correspond with, W. Loth. A term most 
probably borrowed from law deeds. — Lat. 
circumjac-ere, to lie round or about. 
To CIRCUMVENE, Circumveen, r. a. 1. 
To environ. Bellenden. 2. To circumvent. 
Acts Ja. V. — Immediately from Lat. oir- 
cumten-ire, like Fr. circonven-ir, which 
are used in both these senses. 
CYSTEWS, s. pi. Cistercian monks.— Fr. 

Cistaws. Wyntovm. 
CITEYAN, Ci'eteyan, s. A citizen.— Fr. 

citoyen. Bellenden. 
CITHARIST, s. The harp. Houlate. 
CITHERAPES, s. pi. The traces by which 
a plough is drawn in Orkney ; Theets, 
thetes, svnon. S. Agr. Sum. Orkn. 
CITHOLIS,.*. A musical instrument. Hou- 
late.— L.B. citola; Fr. citole, an instru- 
ment with chords. 
CIVIS, s. pi. A misnomer for an old Eng- 
lish penny. Perils of Man. 
CLAAICK, Clawick,*s. 1. The state of 
having all the corns on a farm reaped, but 
not inned, Aberd. Banff. 2. The autumnal 
feast, or Harvest-home, Aberd. ; synon. 
Maiden. When the harvest is early 
finished, it is called the Maiden Claaick ; 
when late, the Carlin Claaick. 
CLAAIK-SHEAF, Clyack-Sheaf, s. The 
Maiden, or last handful of corn cut down 
bv the reapers on a farm, Aberd. 
CLAAICK-SUPPER, Clyack-Svpper, s. 
The feast given, about thirty years ago, 
on the cutting down of the corn on a 
farm ; now, that the entertainment is de- 
ferred till the crop be inned, rather inac- 
curately transferred to the feast of Har- 
vest-home, ibid. 
CLAAR, s. A large wooden vessel. Clan- 
Albin. — Gael, clar, a board, trough, &c. 
CLACHAN, Clauchanne, s. A small vil- 
lage, bordering on the Highlands, in 
which there is a parish-church, S. Else- 
where, it is called the kirk-town. Acts 
Ja. VI. — From Gael, clachan, "a circle 
of stones ;" as churches were erected in 
the same places which, in times of hea- 
thenism, had been consecrated to Druidi- 
cal worship. 




CLACH-COAL, s. The term formerly, if 
not still, given in the district of Kyle, to 
Cartdle-coa,\ ; called Pa/vctf-coal in Car- 
rick and elsewhere. — If not from Gael. 
clack, a stone, q. stone-coal, like Belg. 
steen-koolen; perhaps allied to Teut. klack- 
en, Isl. klak-a, clangere, as referring to 
the noise it makes in burning; as it seems, 
for the same reason, to be designed Par- 

To CLACHER, Clagher, «. n. To move 
onwards, or get along with difficulty, and 
slowly, in a clumsy, trailing, loose man- 
ner, Loth. 

CLACHNACUIDIN, s. The stone of the 
tubs or cuidies ; a stone at the market- 
place of Inverness, on which the servants 
rested their tubs in carrying water from 
the river. Hence, Clachnacuidin lads and 
lasses, natives of Inverness. To drink 
Clachnacuidin, to drink prosperity to the 
town of Inverness. 

* CLACK, s. Expl. " slanderous or imperti- 
nent discourse." Gl. Shirrefs. Aberd. 

CLACK, s. The clapper of a mill, S.— Teut. 
klack, sonora percussio. 

CLADACH, s. Talk. V. Cleitach. 

CLAES,;^. Clothes. V. Claith. 

CLAFF, s. The cleft or part of a tree 
where the branches separate, Galloway. 
— Su.G. klofwa, ruptura ; Isl. klof, fcemo- 
rum iutercapedo; from klyfw-a, to cleave. 

CLAFFIE, adj. Disordered'; as, claffie hair, 
dishevelled hair, Berwicks. Perhaps q. 
having one lock or tuft separated from 
another.— Isl. klyf, findo, diffindo, Uafin, 

CLAFFIE, ». A slattern, ibid. 

CLAG, Clagg, 8. 1. An encumbrance, a 
burden lying on property ; a forensic 
term, S. Dallas. 2. Charge ; impeach- 
ment of character; fault, or imputation 
of one, S. Bitson. — Teut. klaghe, accu- 
satio ; Dan. Mage, a complaint, a griev- 
ance. Or, perhaps, rather from the same 
origin with E. clog; q. what lies as a 
clog on an estate. 

CLAG, s. A clot ; a coagulation, S. ; as, 
" There was a great clag o' dirt sticking 
to his shoe." — Isl. kleggi, massa compacta 
alicujus rei, Haldorson. 

To CLAG, r. a. To obstruct ; to cover 
with mud or any thing adhesive, S. Wal- 
lace. Clog, E. " The wheels are a' claggit 
wi' dirt." — Dan. klaeg, viscous, glutinous, 
sticky ; Isl. kleggi, massa compacta. 

CLAGGY, adj. Unctuous ; adhesive ; be- 
spotted with mire. V. the v. 

CLAGGINESS, s. Adhesiveness in moist 
or miry substances, S. 

CLAGGOCK, s. " A dirty wench," Gl. Sibb. 
A draggletail. Lyndsay. 

CLAHYNNHE, Clachin, s. Clan or tribe 
of people living in the same district. 
Wyntown. — Gael. Ir. clan, id. j Moes.G. 
klahaim, children. 

CLAYCHT,s. Cloth. Aberd. Beq. 

CLAYERS, Clyers, s. pi. A disease in 
cows, similar to Glanders in horses, Roxb. 
V. Clyers. 

CLAYIS,s.^. Clothes, S. V. Claith. 

To CLAIK, r. n. 1. To make a clucking 
noise, as a hen does, especially when pro- 
voked, S. 2. To cry incessantly, and im- 
patiently, for any thing, S. 3. To talk a 
great deal in a trivial way, S. ; to clack, 
E. 4. To tattle ; to report silly stories, 
S. — Isl. klak-a, clango, avium vox propria, 
kfack-a, to prattle; Su.G. klaek, reproach. 

CLAIK, s. 1. The noise made by a hen, S. 
— Isl. klak, vox avium. 2. An idle or 
false report, S. Morison. 

CLAIK, Clake, s. The bernacle, Anas 
Erythropus, (mas,) Linn. Bellenden. — 
It seems to have been supposed that this 
goose received its name from its claik, or 
the noise which it makes. 

CLAIK, s. A female addicted to tattling, 

To CLAIK, v. a. To bedaub or dirty with 
any adhesive substance, Aberd. " Claikit, 
besmeared." Gl. Shirrefs. 

CLAIK, .«. A quantity of any dirty, adhe- 
sive substance, ibid. 

CL AIKIE, adj. Adhesive ; sticky ; dauby, ib. 

CLAIKRIE, s. Tattling ; gossiping, S. 

CLAYMORE, s. 1 . Used for a two-handed 
sword. 2. The common basket-hilted 
broad-sword worn by Highlanders, S. 
This has long been the appropriate signi- 
fication. — Gael, claidamh mor, literally 
" the great sword." Claidamh is evi- 
dently the same word with Ir. cloidheac, 
C.B. kledhyr, Armor, kledh, id. Hence, 
also, Fr. glaive, and E. glare. Su.G. 
glaficen, anc. glaef, lancea, must be viewed 
as radically the same ; as well as Alem. 
c/lef, glen, Teut. qlarie, &c. 

CLAIP, s. The ' clapper of a mill. V. 

To CLAIR, v. n. To search, by raking or 
scratching, Berwicks. To clairfor, and 
to clair out, are used synonymously, ibid. 

CLAIR, adj. 1. Distinct; exact, S.B. Boss. 
— Fr. clair, evident, manifest; Lat. clarvs. 
2. Ready, prepared, S.B. ; clar, Orkn. — 
Dan. klar, id. Pennecuik. 

To CLAIR, v. a. To beat; to maltreat. 
Polwart. Clearings is used metaph. both 
for scolding and for beating, Clydes. 

CLAIRSHOE, s. A musical instrument, 
resembling the harp, of which the strings 
are made of brass wire. — It is this, per- 
haps, that is called the Clarche Pipe, q. v. 
V. also Clareshaw. 

CLAIRT, Clort, s. 1. A quantity of any 
dirty or defiling substance, Aberd. 2. Ap- 
plied to a woman who is habitually and 
extremely dirty, ibid. 8. Auy large, awk- 
ward, dirty thing, ibid. From Clart. 

To CLAIRT, v. n. To be employed in any 
dirty work, Aberd, 




To CLAIRT, v. a. To lay on any smearing 
substance, ibid. 

CLAISE, Clothes. V. Claith. 

CLAISTER, s. 1. Any sticky or adhesive 
composition, Roxb. 2. A person bedaubed 
with mire, ibid. — Undoubtedly, from a 
common origin with Isl. Mistr, Dan. Mis- 
ter, gluten, lutum, Su.G. Mister, id. 

To CLAISTER, v. a. To bedaub, ibid. 

CLAITH, Claytii,?. Cloth, S.; Westmorel. 
Abp. Hamiltoun. Chris, claise, dues, S., 
pi., Westmorel.; also Cumb. — A.S. cloth, 
cloth ; clatha, Isl., Su.G. klaede, clothes. 

CLAITH nor Waith. A proverbial expres- 
sion, apparently signifying neither cloth 
in the piece, nor cloth made into garments. 
PhUotus. V. Waith, s. 1. 

CLA1THMAN, s. The old designation for 
a clothier or woollen-draper. 

To CLAIVER, r. n. To talk idly or fool- 
ishly. V. Claver. 

CLAM, adj. Mean ; low ; applied to any 
action which is reckoned unworthy. This 
is a very common school-term in Edin- 
burgh. — As being properly a school-boy's 
word, it may have originated in the use 
of the Lat. clam, as primarily applied to 
any thing which was clandestinely done, 
or which the pupils wished to hide from 
their preceptor. But V. Clem. 

CLAM, Claum, adj. 1. Clammy, S— Belg. 
Mam, id. 2. Moist. Ice is said to be clam, 
or rather claum, when beginning to melt 
with the sun, or otherwise, and not easy 
to be slid upon, S. — Teut. Mam, tenax, et 

CLAM, Clam-Shell, .«. 1. A scallop-shell, 
S., Ostrea opercularis, Linn. Sibbald.— 
Probably from O.Fr. clame, a pilgrim's 
mantle, as these shells were worn on the 
cape of their mantles, or on their hats, 
by those who had made a pilgrimage to 
Palestine, as a symbol of their having 
crossed the sea. 2. In pi. " a wild sound 
supposed to be made by goblins in the air," 
Upp. Clydes. Saint Patrick. 

To CLAM, Claim, r. n. To grope or grasp 
ineffectually, Ayrs. Gait. — This may be 
merely a provincial variety of glaum, q. v. 
It may, however, be allied to Isl. Memm-a, 
coarctare, compingere. 

CLAMANCY, s. The urgency of any case 
arising from necessity, S. 

CLAMANT, adj. 1 . Having a powerful plea 
of necessity ; as, " This is a very cla- 
mant case, S. 2. Highly aggravated, so 
as to call aloud for vengeance. M' Ward's 
Contendings. — Ft. clamant; Lat. damans, 
crying out. 
CLAMEHEWIT, Claw-my-hewit, s. 1. 
A stroke; a drubbing, S. Ferguson. 2. A 
misfortune, Ang. ; q. claw my hexed, or 
head, scratch my head, an ironical ex- 
CLAMYNG, climbing. Aberd. Peg. 
CLAMJAMPHRIE,Clanjamfrie,s. 1. A 

term used to denote low, worthless people, 
or those who are viewed in this light, S. 
Guy Mannering. 2. Frequently used to 
denote the purse-proud vulgar, who affect 
airs of state to those whom they consider 
as now far below themselves in rank ; 
viewing them as mere canaille. 3. Clam- 
jamfry is used in Teviotd. in the sense of 
trumpery ; as, " Did you stop till the 
roup was done i" " A' was sell'd but 
the clamjamfry." 4. Nonsensical talk, 
West of Fife. — Clanjamph is sometimes 
used in the same sense with clanjamphrie, 
in the higher parts of Lanarks., as if it 
were compounded of clan, and the v. to 
jamplt, to spend time idly, or jampher, q. 
" the clan of idlers." The termination may 
be viewed as expressive of abundance. 
V. Jamph, and Rie, Ry, termination. 

To CLAMP, Clamper, r. n. 1. To make a 
noise with the shoes in walking, S. 2. 
To crowd things together, as pieces of 
wooden furniture, with a noise, Dumfr. 

CLAMP, ?. A heavy footstep or tread. 

To CLAMP up, Clamper, v. a. 1. To patch ; 
to make or mend in a clumsy manner, S. 
Chron. S. Poet. 2. Industriously to patch 
up accusations. — Germ. Memperii, metal- 
luni malleo tundere, Mempener, one who 
patches up toys for children. 

CLAMPER,?. 1. apiece, properly of some 
metallic substance, with which a vessel is 
mended ; also that which is thus patched 
up, S. 2. Used metaph. as to arguments 
formerly answered. 31. Bruce. 3. A 
patched up handle for crimination. — Isl. 
Mampi, fibula ; Germ. Memper-n signifies 
to beat metal ; the idea seems to be, 
" something to hammer at." 

CLAMPET, s. A piece of iron worn on the 
fore-part of the sole of a shoe, for fencing 
it, Roxb. — Tout. Mampe, retinaculum ; or 
klompe, solea lignea. 

CLAMPERS, A sort of pincers used 
for castrating bulls and other quadrupeds, 
Roxb. Clams, synon. " damps, andirons, 
Northumb.;" Grose. — Teut. Mampe, un- 
cus, harpago. 

CLAMP-KILL, 8. A kiln built of sods for 
burning lime, Clackmannans. ; syn. Lazie- 
kill, Clydesd. 2. A kill clamped up in the 
roughest manner. 

CLAMS, 1. Strong pincers used by 
ship- wrights, for drawing large nails, S.B. 
2. Pincers of iron employed for castrating 
horses, bulls, &c., Roxb. 3. A vice, gen- 
erally made of wood, used by artificers 
for holding any thing fast, S. 4. The in- 
strument, resembling a forceps, employed 
in weighing gold. Shirrefs. — Belg. klemm- 
en, arctare, to pinch; Dan. klemme-jem, a 
pair of nippers or pincers, from klemm-er, 
to pinch ; Sw. klaemm-a, to pinch, to 

CLANGLUMSHOUS, adj. Sulky, Lanarks; 




q. belonging to the clan of those who 
glumsh or look sour. V. Glumsh. 

CLANK, s. A sharp blow that causes a 
noise, S. Ramsay. — Teut. klanck, clangor. 

To CLANK, t. a. 1 . To give a sharp stroke, 
S. Mlnst. Bord. 2. To take a seat has- 
tily, and rather noisily, S. Tarras. 

To CLANK down, v. a. To throw down 
with a shrill, sharp noise. Melvill's MS. 

To CLANK down, v. n. To sit down in a 
hurried and noisy way, S. Harst Rig. 

CLANK, s. A catch ; a hasty hold taken 
of any object, S. Claught, synon. Ross. 

CLANNISH, adj. Feeling the force of fa- 
mily or national ties, S.; from clan. Heart 
of Mid-Loth., iv. 32. 

CLANNIT, Clanned, part. pa. Of or be- 
longing to a clan or tribe. Acts Ja. VI. 

CLANSMAN, s. One belonging to some 
particular Highland clan, S. Jacobite 

CLAP of a Mill, a piece of wood that makes 
a noise in the time of grinding, S. Clapper, 
E. Barns. — Fris. Jdappe, Belg. Ueppe, 
crotalum, crepitaculum. 

CLAP and Happer, the symbols of in- 
vestiture in the property of a mill, S. — 
" The symbols for land are earth and stone, 
for mills clap and happer.'''' Ersk. Inst. 

To CLAP, r. a. 1. To press down. Clappit, 
part, pa., applied to a horse or other ani- 
mal that is much shrunk in the flesh after 
being greatly fatigued; as," he's sair clap- 
pit" — " his cheeks were clappit," i. e. col- 
lapsed,as it isexpressedby medical men, S. 
2. To clap down claise, to prepare linen 
clothes for being mangled or ironed, S. 

To CLAP, v. n. 1 . To couch ; to lie down ; 
generally applied to a hare in regard to its 
form or seat, and conveying the idea of 
the purpose of concealment, Perths. 2. To 
lie flat, S. V. Cuttie-clap. 

To CLAP, r. n. To stop; to halt; to tarry; as, 
clap a gliff, step in, and stop for a little, Fife. 

To CLAP the Head. To commend ; con- 
veying the idea of flattery, S. Ramsay. 

CLAP, s. A stroke. Dedis clap, the stroke 
of death. Douglas. — Belg. Map, a slap ; 
a box on the ear. 

CLAP, s. A moment ; in a clap, instanta- 
neously. Baillie. — The idea is a clap of 
the hand ; for handclap is used, S.B. 

CLAP of the Hass. The vulgar designation 
for the uvula, S. Syn. Rap of' the Hass. 

CLAP, .«. A flat instrument of iron, re- 
sembling a box, with a tongue and handle, 
used for making proclamations through a 
town, instead of a drum or hand-bell, S. 
Chron. S. Poet. — Teut. Jcleppen, pulsare, 
sonare ; Belg. Hep, a clapper. 

made so tight as to clap close to the breech ; 
a term occurring in letters of the reign of 
Cha. II. 

CLAPMAN, s. A public crier, S.— Belg. 
klapperman ,a watchman with a clapper. 

CL APPE.s. A stroke ; a discomfiture.— Belg. 
Map, a slap, a box on the ear. 

CLAPPERS, £. A thing formed to make a 
rattling noise, by a collision of its parts, 
Aberd. Although it has a pi. termination, 
it is used as if singular, a clappers.— Tent, 
liapper-en, crepitare. 

CLAPPERS, Holes intentionally made 
for rabbits to burrow in, either in an open 
warren, or within an enclosure. — Fr. clap- 
ier, id. ; Su.G. Mapper, lapides minuti et 

* To CLAPPERCLAW, r. n. To fight at 
arm's length, to strike a blow as a spider 
at a fly, Aberd. 

CLAPPIT, adj. Used in the sense of flabby, 
Aberd. V. Clap, t. a. 1. To press down. 

CLAPSCHALL, .<. Apparently corr. from 
knapskall, a head-piece. 

CLARCHE PIPE. Watson's Coll. 

CLARE, adc. Wholly; entirely, S. Doua. 

CLAREMETHEN. According to the law 
of Claremcthen, any person who claims 
stolen cattle or goods is required to ap- 
pear at certain places particularly ap- 
pointed for this purpose, and prove his 
right to them, S. Skene. — From dare, 
clear, and meith, a mark. 

CLARESCH AW, Clerschew. 5. A musical 
instrument resembling the harp. — From 
Gael, clarseach, a harp. 

CLARGIE, Clergy, s. Erudition. Priests 
Peblis. — Fr. clergic, id., from Lat. clericus. 

To CLARK, r. a. To act as a scribe or 
amanuensis, S. Y. Clerk. 

To CLART, v. a. To dirty; to foul; to be- 
daub with mire, S. Clort, Perths. 

CL ARTS, ^. pi. Dirt ; mire ; any thing that 
defiles, S. Hence, 

CLARTY,«-7;. 1. Dirty; nasty, S. Maitland 
Puems. Ct'orty, Perths. Clairty, Aberd. 
2. Clammy, dauby, adhesive, Aberd. Clart, 
to spread orsmear. Clartt/, smeav'd, A.Bor. 

To CLASH, r. n. 1. To talk idly, S. Cle- 
land. 2. To tittle-tattle; to tell tales, S. 
— Germ. klatschen, id., klatcherey,id\e talk. 

CLASH, s. 1. Tittle-tattle; prattle, S. Sa- 
tan's Invis. World. 2. Vulgar fame; the 
story of the day, S. Burns. 3. Something 
learned as if by rote, and repeated in a 
careless manner ; a mere paternoster, S. 

To CLASH, v. a. 1. To pelt; to throw 
dirt, S. Dunbar. 2. To strike with the 
open hand, Loth. Fife. 3. To bang a 
door, or shut it with violence ; as, " I 
clash'd the dore in his face," Roxb. 
Slam, A.Bor. — Teut. Mets-en, resono ictu 
verberare ; Dan. klatsk-er, to flap. 

CLASH, s. LA quantity of any soft or moist 
substance thrown at an object, S. Gait. 2. 
A dash ; the act of throwing a soft or moist 
body, S. 3. A blow ; a stroke. — Germ. 
Match, id. 4. Clash o' wcet, any thing com- 
pletely drenched with water, Ayrs. Gait. 

To CLASH, v. n. To emit a sound in strik- 




ing, South of S. — Germ, klatsch-en, cum 
sono ferire, Wachter. 
CLASH, s. The sound caused by the fall of 
a body ; properly a sharp sound, S. Clank 
synon. Rob Roy. 

CLASH, s. LA heap of any heterogeneous 
substances, S. 2. A large quantity of 
any thing. — Isl. klase, rudis nexura, quasi 
congelatio; Dan. klase, a bunch, a cluster. 

CLASH, Claisch, s. A cavity of consider- 
able extent in the acclivity of a hill, S. 

To CLASH up, r. a. To cause one object to 
adhere to another, by means of mortar, 
or otherwise. It generally implies the idea 
of projection on the part of the object ad- 
hering, S. — Flandr. kless-en, affigere. 

CLASHER, s. A tattler ; a tale-bearer, S. 

CLASHING, part. adj. Given to tattling,S. 

CLASHMACLAVER, ^. Idle discourse, 
silly talk, Aberd. CUsh-ma-clater. 

CLASH-MARKET, s. A tattler; one who 
is much given to gossiping ; q. one who 
keeps a market for clashes, Loth. 

CLASH-PI ET, s. A tell-tale, Aberd. Ap- 
parently from the chattering propensity 
of the magpie, as for this reason the La- 
tins applied to it the epithet garrulus. 

CLASPS, s. pi. An inflammation of the 
termination of the sublingual gland; a 
disease of horses, Border. Watson. 

CLAT, s. Used as syn. with clod. Z. Boyd. 
— Teut. klotte, kluyte, id., gleba, massa. 

To CLAT, Claut, t. a. 1 . To rake together 
dirt or mire, S. 2. To rake together, in 
a general sense, S. — Su.G. kladd, filth. 3. 
To scrape ; to scratch any thing together. 
Burns. 4. To accumulate by griping, or 
by extortion, S. Trials 31. Lyndsay. 

CLAT, Claut, s. 1 . An instrument for rak- 
ing together dirt or mire, S. 2. A hoe, as 
employed in the labours of husbandry, S. 
3. The act of raking together, as applied 
to property. 4. What is scraped together 
by niggardliness, S. Burns. 5. What is 
scraped together in whatever way ; often 
applied to the heaps of mire collected on 
a street, S. Bob Boy. 

CLATCH, s. A sudden grasp at any object, 
Fife ; synon. C'laucht, S. 

CLATCH, s. The noise caused by the fall of 
something heavy, Ettr. For. — Teut. klets, 
kletse, ictus resonans, klets-en, resono ictu 

To CLATCH, r. a. 1. To daub with lime, 
S. ; Harle, synon. 2. To close up with 
any adhesive substance. — Isl. kleose, kleste, 
lino, oblino. 

CLATCH, s. Any thing thrown for the pur- 
pose of daubing. — Isl. klessa, any thing 
that bedaubs. 

To CLATCH, Sklatch, v. a. To finish any 
piece of workmanship in a careless and 
hurried way, without regard to the rules of 
art, S. — Isl. k/as-a, to patch up, centones 
consuere, to cobble, Mas; rudis sutura. 

CLATCH, s. 1. Any piece of mechanical 
work done in a careless way, S. 2. The 
mire raked together into heaps on streets 
or the sides of roads ; q. chitted together, 
Loth. 3. A dirty woman ; a drab ; as, 
" She's a nasty " or " dirty clatch," Perths. 
Roxb. 4. Used also as a contemptuous per- 
sonal designation, especially referring to 
loquacity ; as, " A claverin' clatch," a lo- 
quacious, good-for-nothing person, Roxb. 

CLATH, Claith, s. Cloth, S. V. Claith. 

CLATS, s. pi- The layers of Cat and Clay, 
South of S. — Allied perhaps to C.B. claicd, 
a thin board, a patch ; or Isl. klettl, massa 

To CLATT, m. a. To bedaub ; to dirty, S. 
Clate, to daub, A.Bor. 

To CLATTER, r. a. 1. To prattle ; to act 
as a tell-tale, S. Dunbar. 2. To be lo- 
quacious; to be talkative, S. 3. To chat; 
to talk familiarly, S.— Teut. kletter-n, con- 

CLATTER, s. 1. An idle or vague rumour, 
S. Hudson. 2. Idle talk; frivolous loqua- 
city, S. J. Nicol. 3. Free and familiar 
conversation, S. Shirrefs. 4. Ill clatter, 
uncivil language, Aberd. 

CLATTER-BANE, s. " Your tongue gangs 
like the clatter-bane o' a goose's arse ;" 
or "HkethecZ«iA;-6rt?i«ina duke's [duck's] 
backside ;" spoken to people that talk 
much and to little purpose. Kelly. S Prov. 
Both terms convey the same idea ; claik- 
bane, q. clack-bane, being evidently allied 
to Teut. klack-en, verberare resono ictu. 

CLATTER-BANES. Two pieces of bone 
or slate placed between the first and se- 
cond, or second and third fingers, which 
are made to produce a sharp or clattering 
noise, similar to that produced by casta- 
nets, Teviotd. — Perhaps from the clatter- 
ing sound ; or immediately from Teut. 
klater, defined by Kilian, Crotalum, Cre- 
pitaculuin, sistrum. 

CLATTERER,s. A tale-bearer, S. Lyndsay. 

CLATTERMALLOCH, s. Meadow* trefoil, 

CLATTERN, s. A tattler; a babbler, Loth. 

CLATTIE, adj. 1 . Nasty ; dirty, S. Claity, 
id., Cumb. Z. Boyd. 2. Obscene, Clydes. 
— Su.G. kladd, sordes, kladd-a sig ned, se 
vestesque suas inquinare; Belg. Madd-en, 
to daub, kladdig, dirty. 

CLATTILIE, adr. 1. Nastily, in a dirty 
manner, S. 2. Obscenelv, Clydes. 

CLATTINESS, s. 1. Nastiness, S. 2. Ob- 
scenity, Clydes. — Dan. kladd-er, to blot, 
to blur, to daub, klad a blot, a blur, klad- 
derie, daubing : Belg. kladdegat, a nasty 
girl, a slut. 

CLAUCHANNE, s. A village in which 
there is a church. V. Clachan. 

To CLAUCHER up, r. n. To use both hands 
and feet in rising to stand or walk, Upp. 




To CLAUCHER up, v. a. To snatch up ; 
as, " He claucherit up the siller;" he 
snatched the money with covetous eager- 
ness: ibid. V. Claught, pret. 

To CLAUCHER to or till v. a. To move for- 
wards to seize an object of which the mind 
is more eagerly desirous than is corre- 
spondent with the debilitated state of the 
body, Lanarks. 

To CLAUCHT, r. a. To lay hold of forcibly 
and suddenly; formed from the preterite. 
Jacobite Relics. 

CLAUCHT, pret. Snatched ; laid hold of 
eagerly and suddenly. Douglas. — Su.G. 
klaa, unguibus veluti fixis prehendere. 
This may be viewed as the pret. of the v. 
Cleih, q. v. 

CLAUCHT, Claught, s. A catch or seizure 
of any thing in a sudden and forcible way, 
S. Ross. 

CLAVER, Clauir, s. Clover, S. Douglas. 
— A.S. claefer; Belg. Haver, id., from 
A.S. deaf an, to cleave, because of the 
remarkable division of the leaves. 

To CLAVER, r. a, 1. To talk idly, or in a 
nonsensical manner, S. Pron. claiver. 
Ramsay. 2. To chat ; to gossip, S. Mo- 
rison. — Germ, klaffer, garrulus;Gael. cla- 
baire, a babbling fellow. 

CLAVER, Claiver, s. 1. Frivolous talk; 
prattle, S. Ramsay. 2. A vague or idle 
report. The Pirate. 

CLAVER, s. A person who talks foolishly, 
Roxb.; in other counties Claverer. 

CLAVERER, s. An idle talker, S. Rollock. 

To CLAURT, *. a. To scrape, Dumfr. 

CLAURT, g. What is thus scraped, ib. V. 

CLAUSURE,?. An enclosure. ActsJa.VI. 

To CLAUT, Clawt, v. a. To rake together, 
&c. V. Clat, r. 

CLAUTI-SCONE, s. 1. A species of coarse 
bread, made of oatmeal and yeast, Kinross. 
2. It is applied to a cake that is not much 
kneaded, but put to the fire in a very wet 
state, Lanarks.— Teut. lioet, Moot, globus, 
massa ? 

CLAUTS, Clatts, Two short wooden 
handles, in which iron teeth were fixed at 
right angles with the handles ; used, be- 
fore the introduction of machinery, by the 
country people, in tearing the wool asun- 
der, so as to fit it for being spun on the 
little wheel, Roxb. 

CLAW, s. A kind of iron spoon for scrap- 
ing the bake-board, Ang. — Teut. klauw-en, 
scalpere, klauwe, rastrum. 

* To CLAW, v. a. To scratch. This term is 
used in various forms which seem peculiar 
to S. — " I'll gar ye claw whar ye dinna 
youk," or "whar ye're no youkie;" the 
language of threatening, equivalent to " I 
will give you a beating," or " a blow," S. 
" Ye'll no claw atume kyte;" spoken to one 
who has eaten a full meal, S. 

To CLAW an auld man's pow. A vulgar 

phrase, signifying, to live to old age. It is 
often addressed negatively to one who 
lives hard, Ye'll never claic, &c. S. Picken. 

To CLAW off, v. a. To eat with rapidity 
and voraciousness, S. Herd's Coll. 

To CLAW up one's Mittens. V. Mittens. 

To CLAY, Clay up, v. a. To stop a hole 
or chink by any unctuous or viscous sub- 
stance, S. Ferguson. 

CLEADFU', adj. Handsome, in regard to 
dress, Buchan. Tarras. 

CLEAN, s. The secundines of a cow, S. — 
A.S. claen, niundus. Hence, 

CLEANSING, s. The coming off of the se- 
cundines of a cow, S. — A.S. claens-ian, 
mundare, purgare. 

CLEAN BREAST. To mak a clean breast 
of. 1. To make a full and ingenuous con- 
fession, S. St. Ronan. 2. To tell one's 
mind roundly, S. The Entail. 

CLEAN-FUNG, adv. Cleverly, Shirrefs.— 
Isl.foeng is rendered, facultates. 

* CLEAR, adj. 1 Certain; assured; confident; 
positive, Aberd.; clair synon., Ang. 2. De- 
termined, decided, resolute, Aberd. 

CLEAR, adv. Certainly; used in affirma- 
tion, ibid. 

CLEAR-LOWING, adj. Brightly burn- 
ing, S. Lights and Shadows. V. Low. 

CLEARY, s. Apparently, sharp or shrill 
sound. Jacobite Relics. 

CLEARINGS, s. pi. A beating. V. under 
Clair, v. 

CLEAVING, s. The division in the human 
body from the os pubis downwards, S. 
Ramsay. — Isl. ktof, femorum intercapedo. 
V. Clof. 

To CLECK, r. a. To hatch. V. Clek. 

CLECKER, s. A hatcher, S. V. Clek. 

CLECKIN, s. 1. A brood of chickens, S. 
2. Metaph. a family of children, S. 

CLECKINBORD, Cleckenbrod, s. A board 
for striking with at hand-ball, Loth. Baw- 
brod, i. e., ball-board, synon. — Isl. klecke, 
leviter verbero. 

CLECKIN-TIME, s. 1. Properly, the time 
of hatching, as applied to birds, S. 2. The 
time of birth, as transferred to man, S. 
Guy Mannerinq. 

CLECKIN-STANE, s. Any stone that se- 
parates into small parts by exposure to 
the atmosphere, Roxb. — Germ, kleck-en, 
agere rimas, hiare. 

CLED SCORE, A phrase signifying twenty- 
one in number, S. Stat. Ace. Q. clothed 
with one in addition. 

To CLEED, Cleith, v. a. 1. To clothe, S. 
Bums. 2. Metaph. applied to foliage. 
Ferguson. 3. Used obliquely, to denote 
the putting on of armour. Acts Mary. 
4. To seek protection from. Spalding, 
o. To heap. A cled bow, the measure of 
a boll heaped, Roxb. V. Cled Score. 

CLED with a husband, married ; a forensic 
phrase. Cled with a richt, legally possess- 
ing a title, vested with it. Balf. Pract, 




— Isl. Su.G. klaed-a ; Germ, kleid-en ; 
Belg. Meed-en ; Dan. klaed-er, to clothe. 

CLEED, Clead, s. Dress, Buchan. Tarras. 
V. Cleeding. 

CLEEDING, Cleading, .«. 1. Clothing; 
apparel, S. Ramsay. 2. A complete suit 
of clothes, Clydes. — Germ. kleidung, id. 

CLEEKY,.«. A cant term for a staff' or stick, 
crooked at the top, Loth. Blacktt: Mai/. 

CLEEPIE, Cleepv, s. 1. A severe blow ; 
properly including the idea of the contu- 
sion caused by such a blow, or by a fall, 
Tweedd., Ang. 2. A stroke on the head, 
Orkn. — Isl. klyp-ur, duriore compressione 
laedit, ut livor iude existat. V. Clype, 
to fall. 

CLEETIT, part. pa. Emaciated ; lank ; in 
a state of decay, Lanarks. 

CLEG, Gleg, s. A gad-fly; a horse-fly. It 
is pronounced gleg, S.B. ; cleg, Clydes., 
A.Bor., id. Hudson. — Dan. klaeg, id., ta- 

CLEG-STUNG,a^/. Stung by the gad-flv, S. 

CLEIDACH,s. Talk. V. Cleitach. 

CLEIK, adj. Lively; agile; fleet, Loth. 
V. Cleuch, adj. 

To CLEIK, Clek, Cleek, r. a. 1. To catch 
as by a hook, S. Ramsay. 2. To lay hold 
of, after the manner of a hook, S. 3. To 
seize, in whatever way, whether by force 
or by fraud, S. Lyndsay. 4. To cleik tip, 
to snatch or pull up hastily, S. 5. To 
cleik up, obliquely used, to raise ; applied 
to a song. Pehlis to the Play. — Isl. Meik- 
ia, to bind with chains. To click up, to 
snatch up. 

CLEIK, Clek, s. 1. An iron hook. Acts 
Ja. I. 2. A hold of any object, S. 3. The 
arm, metaph. used. A.Nicol. — Isl. klakr, 
ansa clitellarum, hleck-r, an iron chain. 

CLEIKY, adj. Ready to take the advan- 
tage ; inclined to circumvent, S. Rem. 
Nithsdale Song. 

CLEIK-IN-THE-BACK, s. The lumbago 
or rheumatism, Teviotd.; q. what takes 
hold of one as a hook does. 

phrase, signifying, to lay hold on the mo- 
ney, S. Wavcrley. 

CLEIKS, s. pi. A cramp in the legs, to 
which horses are subject. Montgomerie. 

CLEYNG, Perhaps a dark substance. Sir 
Gawan and Sir Gal. 

To CLEISH, r. a. To whip, Roxb.; synon. 
Skelp. Clash, Fife, Loth.— Hence, it is 
supposed, the fictitious name of the author 
of the Tales of my Landlord, Jedidiah 
Cleishhotha.m,q. flog-bottom. — Teut. klets- 
en, resono ictu verberare. 

CLEISH, s. A lash from a whip, ibid. 

CLEFT,.*. A cot-house; Aberd. Reg.— Gael. 
death, a wattled work ; cleite, a penthouse. 

To CLEITACH, Clytacii, Clydich, (gutt,) 
v.n. 1. To talk in a strange language; 
particularly applied to people discoursing 
in Gaelic, Aberd. 2. To talk inarticulately, 

to chatter ; applied to the indistinct jar- 
gon uttered by a child, when beginning to 
speak, Aberd. 

CLEITACH, Cleidach, s. Talk, discourse ; 
especially used as above, ibid. — "Cleidach, 
discourse of any kind ; particularly ap- 
plied to the Gaelic language." Gl. Shir- 
refs. — This word is undoubtedly Gothic ; 
Isl. klida conveys an idea perfectly ana- 

CLEITCH, Cleite, s. A hard or heavy fall, 
Ettr. For.; synon. Cloit. — For etymon see 
Clatch, s. 

To CLEK, Cleke, r. a. 1. To hatch; to pro- 
duce young by incubation, S. Bellenden. 

2. To bear ; to bring forth, S. Douglas. 

3. To hatch, as applied to the mind, S. 
Ramsay. 4. To feign. Maitland Poems. 
— Su.G. klaeck-a; Isl. klek-ia, excludere 

CLEKANE-WITTIT, adj. Apparently, 
feeble-minded ; childish ; having no more 
witthana chicken when clecket, or hatched. 
— Isl. klok-r, however, signifies mollis, in- 

CLEKET, s. The tricker of an engine. 
Barbour. — E. clicket, the knocker of a 
door ; Fr. cliquet, id. 

CLEM, adj. 1. Mean; low; scurvy; as, « 
clem man; a paltry fellow, Loth. 2. Not 
trustworthy ; unprincipled, Roxb. 3. 
Used by the High-School boys of Edin- 
burgh in the sense of curious, singular ; 
a clem fellow; a queer fish. — Isl. kleima, 
macula ; kleim-a, maculare ; q. having a 
character that lies under a stain. V. Clam. 

To CLEM, v. a. 1. To stop a hole by com- 
pressing, S. 2. To stop a hole by means 
of lime, clay, &c. ; also to clem up, S. — 
A.S. cleam-ian, id. 

CLEMEL,Clemmel,s. Expl. steatite, Orkn. 
" A soft stone, commonly named Clemel, 
and fit for moulds, is also among those 
which this island affords." P. Unst,Stat. 

CLEMIE, ?. Abbrev. of Clementina, S. 

To CLENCH, r. n. To limp ; the same with 
( 7 (* n ch . Mesto n 's Poems. 

CLENCHIE-FIT, s. A club-foot, Mearns. 

CLENGAR, s. One employed to use means 
for the recovery of those affected with 
the plague. Aberd. Reg. 

To CLENGE, r. a. 1 . Literally, to cleanse. 
Aberd. Reg. 2. Legally to exculpate; 
to produce proof of innocence ; a forensic 
term corr. from the E. v. to cleanse. Acts 
Ja. VI. 

7oCLEP,CLEPE,r.«. Tocall ; to name. Wal- 
lace. — A.S. cleop-an, clyp-ian, vocare. 

CLEP, .«. A more solemn form of citation, 
used especially in criminal cases. Skene. 

To CLEP, r. n. 1. To act the tell-tale, S. 
Ramsay. 2. To chatter, to prattle ; es- 
pecially as implying the idea of pertness, 
S. — Belg. klapp-en, to tattle, to betray. 
This term, however, seems to have been 




of general use, as common to Goths and 
Celts. For C.B. clep-ian signifies to bab- 
ble, and clepai, also clepiwr, a talkative 
gossip, a babbler. Owen. 

CLEP, s. Tattle; pert loquacity, S. — Belg. 
ydele Map, idle chat. 

CLEPIE, s. A tattler, generally applied to 
a female ; as, " She's a clever lass, but a 
great clepie" Teviotd. — This is merely 
Teut. klappeye, garrula, lingulaca, mulier 
dicax. Kilian. 

CLERGY. V. Clargie. 

To CLERK, Clark, v. n. 1 . To act as a 
clerk or amanuensis to another, S. 2. To 
compose, S. Bob Boy. 

CLERK-PLAYIS, s. pi Properly, those 
theatrical representations the subjects of 
which were borrowed from Scripture. 

CLET, Clett, s. A rock or cliff in the sea, 
broken off from the adjoining rocks on 
the shore, Caithn. Brand's Orkn. <|- Zetl. 
— Isl. klett-ur, rupes mari imminens. 

CLEUCH, Cleugh, (gutt.) s. 1 . A preci- 
pice; a rugged ascent, S.B. Heuch, synon. 
Wallace. — Ir. cloiche, a rock. 2. A strait 
hollow between precipitous banks, or a 
hollow descent on the side of a hill, S. 
Evergreen. — A.S. dough, rima quaedam 
vel fissura ad montis clivum vel declivum. 

CLEUCH, adj. 1. Clever; dexterous; light- 
fingered, S.B. 2. Niggardly and severe 
in dealing, S.B. — Isl. klok-r, callidus, 
vafer ; Germ. Mug, id. 

CLEUCK,Cluke,Cluik,Clook,s. 1. Aclaw 
or talon. Lyndsay. 2. Often used in 
the pi. as synon. with E. clutches. Scots 
Presb.Eloq. 3. Used figuratively for the 
hand. Hence cair-cleuck, the left hand, 
S.B. Morison. — Perhaps a dimin. from 
Su.G. klo, Teut. klauwe, a claw or talon. 

To CLEUCK, Cleuk, r. a, 1. Properly, 
to seize, or to scratch with the claws ; as, 
" The cat'll clenck ye, an' ye dinna take 
care," Aberd. 2. To gripe, to seize with 
violence, Aberd. Forbes. 

CLEUE and LAW, Higher and lower part. 
Barbour. — Cleue seems to be the same 
with Germ. Mere, A.S. clif, clivus. 

To CLEVER, r. n. To climb ; to scramble. 
A.Bor. id. King'sQuair. — Teut. Maver-en, 
klerer-en, sursum reptareunguibus fixis ; 
Isl. klifr-a, id. 

CLEVERUS, adj. Clever. V. Cleuch. 

CLEVIS, Leg. clevir, i.e., clover. Maitland 

CLEVKKIS, Cloaks, mantles. 

* CLEW, s. A ball of thread. Winding the 
blue clue, one of the rites used at Hallow- 
mas, in order to obtain insight into one's 
future matrimonial lot, S. " Steal out, all 
alone, to the kiln, and, darkling, throw 
into the pot a due of blue yarn ; wind it 
in a new clue off the old one ; and, to- 
wards the latter end, something will hold | 
the thread ; demand, Wha hands? i.e., \ 

who holds ? and an answer will be returned 
from the kiln-pot, by naming the Chris- 
tian [name] and surname of your future 
spouse." Burns. 

To CLEW, v. n. To cleave ; to fasten. 
Wyntown. — Teut. klec-eu, id. 

CLE WIS, Claws; talons. Douglas. 
V. Cleuck. 

CLIBBER, Clubber, s. A wooden saddle; 
a packsaddle, Caithn. Orkn. Statist Ace. 
— Isl. klifberi, clitellae, from klif, fascis, 
sarcina, and beri, portator, bearer. 

CLICHEN, Cleigiiin, (gutt.)s. Something, 
comparatively speaking, very light, Te- 
viotd. — This seems to be merely Teut. kleye, 
hlvje, Su.G. Mi, furfur, palea, bran, chaff. 

CLICK-CLACK, s. Uninterrupted loqua- 
city, S. From E. click and clack, both 
expressive of a sharp successive noise ; or 
Teut. klick-en, crepitare, Mack-en, ver- 
berare resono ictu. 

To CLYDIGH,r. n. To talk inarticulately, 
to chatter. V. Cleitach. 

CLIDYOCH, Clydvoch,s. The gravel-bed 
of a river,Dumfr. — CeH.cleddiwig, astone 
quarry, lapicidina ; or bedded with stones 
like a quarry. 

CLYERS, s. pi. A disease affecting the 
throat of a cow, Dumfr. — Teut. kliere not 
only signifies a gland, but a disease of the 
glands. Agr. Sure. Dumfr. V. Clyre. 

CLYFT, Clifte, s. This term, the same 
with E. cleft, may be used as equivalent 
to thickness. Acts J a. III. 

CL1FT, s. The place where the limbs se- 
parate from the body, Aberd. ; Clearing, 
synon. — From A.S. cleofed, chafed, cleft, 
the part. pa. of cleof-ian, cleof-ian, fin- 

CLIFT, s. A spot of ground, S.— A.S. cloif- 
an, to cleave, because parted from the 

CLIFTY, adj. Clever, fleet ; applied to a 
horse of a light make that has good action, 
Selkirks. — Probably from Teut. klyv-en, 
A.S. clif-ian, cleof-ian, findere ; as its 
fleetness may be attributed to its length 
of limb. 

CLIFTIE, adj. Applied to fuel which is 
easily kindled and burns briskly, Clydes. 

CLIFTINESS, s. The quality of being 
easily kindled, including that of burning 
brightly, ibid. — Perhaps from A.S. Mi/ft a 
fissure ; because what is easily cloven, or 
has many fissures, is more apt to kindle 
and blaze than solid wood. 

To CLIMP, v. a. To hook, to take hold of 
suddenly ; as, " He climpit his arm in 
mine," Fife. — Teut. klamp-en, harpagine 

To CLIMP up, r. a. To catch up by a quick 
movement, Fife. Hence, 

CLIMPY, adj. A climpy creature, applied 
to one disposed to purloin, ibid. 

To CLIMP, v. n. To limp, to halt, Ettr. 





To CLINCH, Cltnsch, v. n. To limp, S. 
Douglas. — Su.G. link-a, elaudicare. 

CLINCH, s. A halt, S. A. Wilson's Poems. 

* To CLING, v. n. To shrink in conse- 
quence of heat ; a term applied to vessels 
made with staves, when the staves sepa- 
rate from each other, S. Geizen, synon.— 
A.S. clingan, marcescere. 

CLING, s. The diarrhoea in sheep, Loth. 
Roxb. — Perhaps from A.S. cling-an, mar- 
cescere, " to pine, to cling or shrink up." 

To CLINK, v. a. 1. To beat smartly, to 
strike with smart blows, Aberd. — Teut. 
klincke, alapa, colaphus. 2. To unite two 
pieces of metal by hammering, S. Dan. 
klink-er, id. from klinke lamina. 3. To 
clasp, Aberd. Turrets. 4. Used im- 
properly, as signifying to mend, patch or 
join ; in reference to dress, Ang. Boss's 
Bock, &c. V. Benew. 5. To clink a 
nail, " to bend the point of a nail on the 
other side ;" synon. with E. clinch. Belg. 
klink-en, " to fasten with nails, to clinch," 

CLINK, ?. A smart stroke or blow, S. 
Hamilton. — Teut. klincke, id. ; alapa, 

CLINK, s. Money; acantterm,S. Burns. — 
From the sound ; Teut. klinck-en, tinnire. 

CLINK, s. A woman who acts the part of 
a tale-bearer, Lanarks. 

To CLINK, r. a. A term denoting alertness 
in manual operation, S. 

To CLINK, t. a. To propagate scandal, 
Upp. Lanarks. 

To CLINK, r. n. To fly as a rumour. B 
gaed clinkin through the town, S.; the re- 
port spread rapidly. 

To CLINK ON, t. a. To clap on. Bamsay. 

To CLINK up, r. a. To seize any object 
quickly and forcibly, S.— If not radically 
the same with the v. cleik, with n inserted, 
allied perhaps to Dan. lencke, a chain, a 
link, q. gelencke. 

CLINKER, s. A tell-tale, Lanarks.— I hesi- 
tate whether to view Belg. klink-en, to 
make a tingling sound as the origin. 
The n. v. seems intimately allied. Klikk- 
en, however, signifies to tell again, and 
klikkcr, an informer, Sewel. 

CLINKERS, s. pi. Broken pieces of rock ; 
Upp. Lanarks.; apparently from the sound. 

CLINKET, pret. " Struck ;" Gl. Antiq. 
South of S. 

CLINK-NAIL, s. A nail that is clinched, 

CLINKUMBELL, s. A cant term for a 
bellman ; from the clinking noise he 
makes, S.O. Bums. 

CLINT, s. 1. A hard or flinty rock. Gl. Sibb. 
" Clints. Crevices amongst bare lime- 
stone rocks, North." Gl. Grose. 2. Any 
pretty large stone, of a hard kind, S.A. 
3. The designation given to a rough coarse 
stone, always first thrown off in curling, 

as being most likely to keep its place on 
the ice, Clydes. Gall. 4. Clints, pi. Limit- 
ed to the shelves at the side of a river. 

CLINTER, g. The player of a dint in curl- 
ing, Clydes. 

CLINTY, CiA\\TY,«rf/. Stony, Loth. Dou- 
glas. — Su.G. klint, scopulus. 

CLIP,*?. 1. An appellation probably bor- 
rowed from a sheep newly shorn or clip- 
ped, ' Evergreen. 2. A colt, the male or 
female foal of a mare ; Aberd. A colt 
that is a year old. Buchan. — Gael, clio- 
bog denotes a colt, from which clip might 
be abbreviated ; and Teut. klepper, is a 
palfrey, an ambling horse. 

To CLIP, Clyp, t. a. 1. To embrace. King's 
Quair. 2. To lay hold of in a forcible 
manner. Douglas. 3. To grapple in a sea- 
fight. Wallace. — A.S. clipp-an, clypp- 
ian, to embrace. 

To CLYPE, v. n. To fall, Buchan, Mearns. 
Tarras. — Perhaps from Hipp-en, sonare, 
resonare. Cloit, or Clyte, is the term more 
generally used, S. 

CLYPE, s. A fall, ibid. 

To CLYPE, r. n. To act as a drudge, 
Aberd. — Isl. klif-ia, sarcinas imponere; 
q. to make a beast of burden of one ; 
klip-a, torquere, klipa, angustiae. 

CLYPE, s. A drudge, Aberd. 

CLYPE, s. An ugly ill-shaped fellow ; as, 
" Ye're an ill-far'd clype," Mearns, Buchan. 
— Isl. klippi, massa, synon. with Dan. 
Mump, with which corresponds our S. 
clump, applied to a clumsy fellow. 

To CLYPE, r. n. 1. To be loquacious; to 
tattle; to prate, Roxb. Aberd. Ayrs. 2. 
To act as a tell-tale, Aberd. " To clype, 
i.e. talk freely, " Ayrs. Gl. Surv. p. 691. 
The same with clep, but more nearly re- 
sembling A.S. clyp-ian, loqui. Hence, 

CLYPE, s. A tell-tale, Loth. Always ap- 
plied to a female, Clydes. 

CLYPER, s. A tell-tale; used more gener- 
ally, as applied to either sex, Clydes. 

CLIPFAST,s. "An impudent girl." Ayrs. 
Gl. Surv. p. 691. 

CLIPHOUSS, s. A house in which false 
money was to be condemned and clipped, 
that it might be no longer current. Acts 
Ja. VI. 

CLYPIE, s. A loquacious female, Clydes. 
V. Clippie, and Clepie. 

CLYPIE, adj. 1. Loquacious, Loth. 2. 
Addicted to tattling, ibid. V. Clep, r. 

CLYPOCK, s. A fall. Bse gVe thee a cly- 
pock, I will make you fall, Ayrs. Y. 

CLIPPART, s. A talkative woman. V. 

CLIPPIE, s. A talkative woman, S. Gl. 
Sibb.— From Teut. kleps, dicax, or the E. 
v. clip. 

CLIPP YNET, s. 1 . " An impudent girl." 
Ayrs. Gl. Surv. 2. A talkative woman ; 
synon. with Clippie, Lanarks. — It may be 




observed, that this nearly resembles Teut. 
kleppenter, crotalus, homo loquax, sonora 
admodum et tinnula voce pronuncians ; 

CLIPPING-TIME, t. The nick of time, 
S. Antiquary. 

CLIPPS,Clippes,s. Aneclipse. Ban. Poems. 

CLIPS, pres. t. Suffers an eclipse. Com- 
pldynt Scot. 

CLIPS, s. pi. Stories; falsehoods, Ayrs. 

CLIPS, Clippys, s. pi. 1. Grappling-irons, 
used in a sea-fight. Wallace. 2. An 
instrument for lifting a pot by its ears, 
S. ; or for carrying a barrel. Ramsay. 
It is also used in relation to a qirdle. 3. 
Hooks for catching hold of fish,'S.B. Stat. 
Ace. 4. " A wooden instrument for pull- 
ing thistles out of standing corn, Ayrs. 
Gl. Picken. 

CLIPS, s. pi. "Shears;" Gl. Burns, S.O.— 
Isl. klipp-ur, id., forfices, klipp-a, tondere. 

CLIP-SHEARS, s. The name given to the 
ear-wig, Loth. Fife ; apparently from 
the form of its feelers, as having some 
resemblance to a pair of shears or scissors. 

CLYRE, s. 1. "A clyre in meat," a gland, 
S. Teut. kliere, id. 2. To leave no klyres 
in one's breast," to go to the bottom of 
any quarrel or grudge, S. " He has nae 
clyres in his heart," he is an honest up- 
right man, Clydes. 3. Clyres in pi. dis- 
eased glands in cattle. V. Clyers. 

CLYRED, adj. Having tumours in the 
flesh. Cleland. 

To CLISH, v. a. Expl. as signifying to re- 
peat an idle story, Fife. Heuce, 

CLISH-CLASH, s. Idle discourse, bandied 
backwards and forwards, S. Apparently a 
reduplication of clash, q. v. 

CLISH-MA-CLAVER, s. Idle discourse, 
silly talk, S. ; a low word. Ramsay. 

To CLISHMACLAVER, r. n. To be en- 
gaged in idle discourse, Ayrs. Gait. 

CLYTE, Klyte, adj. Splay-footed, Roxb. 

To CLYTE, v. n. To fall heavily, Loth. 

CLYTE, g. A hard or heavy fall, ibid. 

CLYTIE, 8. A diminutive from Clyte, gen- 
erally applied to the fall of a child, ibid. 
V. Cloit, v. and s. 

CLYTRIE, s. Filth; offscourings, S. 

CLYTRIE-MAID, .<>. A female servant em- 
ployed in carrying off filth or refuse, 
Loth. V. Cloiter. 

CLITTER-CLATTER, adv. A term used 
to denote a succession of rattling sounds, 
Dumfr. Mayne's Siller Gun. 

CLITTER-CLATTER, s. Idle talk, ban- 
died backwards and forwards, S. Cleland. 
V. Clatter, s. and v. 

CLIVACE, s. A hook for catching the 
bucket in which coals are drawn up from 
the pit, Loth. 

CLIVVIE, s. 1. A cleft in the branch of a 
tree, Banffs. 2. An artificial cleft in a 
piece of wood, for holding a rush-light,ibid. 
— Evidently from Su.G. klifw-a, to cleave. 

CLOA, 5. Coarse woollen cloth, Isle of Sky. 
Stat. Ace. — Gael, do, raw cloth. 

CLOBBERHOY, s. A dirty walker, one 
who in walking clogs himself with mire, 
Ayrs. — Gael, clabar, clay, dirt, filth. 

CLOCE. V. Close. 

To CLOCH, Clogh, Clocgh, (gutt.) c.n. To 
cough frequently and feebly, Loth. ; ob- 
viously from acommon origin with Clocher. 

CLOCHARET, L The Stouechatter, S. 
Motacilla rubicola, Linn. Statist. Ace. — 
Gael, cloichran, id., from cloich, a stone, 
and perhaps rann, a song. 
1 To CLOCHER, {gutt.) r. n. To cough fre- 
quently, with a large defluxion of phlegm, 
and copious expectoration, S. — Gael. 
clochar, wheezing in the throat. Shaic. 

To CLOCK, Clok, v. n. 1. To cluck, to call 
chickens together. Douglas. — A.S. clocc- 
an, Teut. klock-en, glocire. 2. To hatch, 
to sit on eggs, S. Kelly. 

CLOCK, Cluck, s. The cry or noise made 
by hens when they wish to sit on eggs, for 
the purpose of hatching, Roxb. 

* CLOCK, s. This may be viewed as the 
generic name for the different species of 
beetles, S. Golach, synon. S.B. — Sw. 
klock-a, an earwig. 

CLOCK-BEE,s. A species of beetle. Fleeing 
golach, synon. 

CLOCKER, s. A hen sitting on eggs, S.B. 

CLOCKIEDOW, Clokie-Doo, ?. The pearl- 
oyster, found in rivers, Ayrs. Upp. Clydes. 
Synon. Horse-mussel. 

CLOCKING, s. 1. The act of hatching, S. 
2. Transferred to a young female, who is 
light-headed, and rather wanton in her 
carriage. Of such a one it is sometimes 
said, " It were an amows to gie her a 
gude doukin' in the water, to put the 
clockin' frae her," Angus. 

CLOCKING-HEN, ?. 1. A hen sitting on 
eggs, S. A.Bor. id. Expl. by Grose, " a 
hen desirous of sitting to hatch her eggs." 
Clucking is also used in the same sense, 
A.Bor. 2. A cant phrase for a woman past 
the time of childbearing, S. 

CLOCKLEDDIE, s. The Lady-bird, S.O. 
V. Landers. 

CLOCKS, Clocks, s. pi. The refuse of 
grain, remaining in the riddle after sifting, 
Roxb. — Isl. kluka, cumulus minor; the 
term being applied to the small heap of 
coarse grain left in the centre of the riddle 
in the process of sifting. 

CLOCKSIE, adj. Vivacious, Lanarks.— 
Teut. kloeck, kloeck-sinnig, alacris, kluch- 
tigh, festivus, lepidus. 

CLOD, I. A clew ; as, " a clod of yarn,"' 
Dumfr. — Isl. kloet, globus, sphaera. 

*To CLOD, r. a. In E.this v. signifies " to 
pelt with clods," Johns. In the South of 
S. it signifies to throw forcibly, most pro- 
bably as one throws a clod. Guy MaiiHer. 

To CLOD, r. a. To Clod Land, to free it 
from clods, S. 




CLOD, s. A flat kind of loaf, made of coarse 
wheaten flour, and sometimes of the flour 
of peas, S. Skirrefs. Qu. resembling a clod 
of earth. 

CLODS, s. pi. Small raised loaves, baked of 
coarse flour, of which three were sold for 
five farthings. — They have disappeared 
with the Luggct rows, Loth. 

Sutors' Clods. A kind of coarse, brown 
wheaten bread, used in Selkirk, leavened, 
and surrounded with a thick crust, like 
lumps of earth. Lintoun Green. 

CLOD-MELL, s. A large mallet for break- 
ing the clods of the field, especially on 
clayey ground, before harrowing it, Berw. 

CLOFF, s. 1. A fissure of any kind. 2. 
What is otherwise S. called the cleaving. 
Lyndsay. — Lat. intercapedo. 3. A cleft 
between adjacent hills, Loth. 4. The 
cleft of a tree, or that part of it where the 
branches separate from each other, Loth. 
— Isl. kloff, Su.G. Moffwa, a fissure. 

CLOFFIN, g. The act'of sitting idly by the 
fire, Roxb. — Isl. klof-a, femora distendere, 
q. to stretch out the limbs ; or C.B. claf, 
aegrotus, clwyf, clef yd, morbus. 

CLOFFIN, s. The noise made by the motion 
of a shoe that is down in the heel, or by 
the shoe of a horse when loose, Roxb. 

CLOG, Clogge, s. A small, short log; a short 
cut of a tree; a thick piece of timber, S. 

CLOGGAND, s. A term still used in Orkney 
to denote a particular portion of pasture- 
ground, whether commonly or enclosed, to 
which sheep or cattle have become at- 
tached in consequence of having been ac- 
customed to feed there. Barry's Orkn. 

CLOICH, {gutt.) s. A place of shelter; the 
cavity of a rock where one may elude a 
search. Given as syn. with Dool, Ayrs. 
This is evidently the same with Clench. 

CLOIS,Cloiss,s. A close; an alley. Ab.Reg. 

CLOIS, s. A crown. Douglas. — Teut. klos, 

CLOYS, s. A cloister. Douglas.— Teut. 
kluyse, clausura, locus clausus, L.B. clusa. 

CLOIT, s. A clown, a stupid inactive fel- 
low, S. — Teut. kloete, homo obtusus, 

To CLOIT, r. n. 1. To fall heavily, S. 
Hamilton. 2. To squat down, Galloway. 
" Cloited, squatted down, sat down ;" Gl. 
Davidson. — Belg. Mots-en, to beat with 

CLOIT, Cloyt, s. A hard or heavy fall, S. 

CLOYT, s. " A heavy burden," Ayrs. Gl. 
Surv. — Teut. kloet, globus, contus, hasta 
nautica, kluyte, gleba, massa, clud, vec- 
tura, sarcina. 

CLOIT, s. An afternoon's nap ; a siesta, 
Renfr. — Gael. Ir. colladh, sleep, rest. 

To CLOITER, v. n. To be engaged in dirty 
work ; used equally in regard to what is 
moist, S. — Teut. Madder-en, maculare. 
V. Clowtter, and Clytrie. 

CLOITERY, s. 1. Work which is not only 
wet and nasty, but slimy, Loth. Mearns. 
2. Filth or offals of whatever kind; gener- 
ally conveying the idea of what is moist, 
or tends to defile one, S. Hence, 

CLOITERY-MARKET, s. The market in 
Edinburgh in which the offals of animals 
are sold. 

CLOITERY-WIFE, s. A woman, whose 
work it is to remove filth or refuse ; who 
cleans and sells offals, as tripe, &c, Loth. 
V. Clytrie. 

To CLOK, v. n. To cluck. V. Clock. 

CLOLLE, s. Apparently, skull. Sir Gawan 
and Sir Gal. " Clol, the crown of the 
head, the skull," Owen ; Clol, pericra- 
nium, Davies; Boxhorn. — Germ, kleuel, 

To CLOMPH, Clamph, v. n. To walk in a 
dull, heavy manner; generally said of one 
whose shoes are too large, Ettr. For. 
Synon. Cloff. V. Clamper up. 

CLOOK,s. A claw or talon, &c. V. Cleuck. 

CLOOR, s. A tumour. V. Clour. 

CLOOT, s. The same with Clute. 

CLOOTIE, Clutie, s. A ludicrous designa- 
tion given to the Devil, rather too much 
in the style of those who " say that there 
is neither angel nor spirit ;" sometimes 
Auld Clootie, S.O., Mearns. V. Clute. 

CLORT, s. 1. Any miry or soft substance, 
especially that which is adhesive and con- 
taminating, S.B. 2. The thick bannocks 
baked for the use of the peasantry are 
denominated Clorts, Buchau. Hence, 

To CLORT, v. a. To clort on, to prepare 
bread of this description, ibid. 

CLORTY, adj. Dirty. V. Clarty. 

CLOSE, s. 1. A passage; an entry, S. cloce, 
Douglas. Arnot. 2. An area before a 
house, Roxb. 3. A court-yard beside a 
farm-house in which cattle are fed, and 
where straw, &c. is deposited, S. 4. An 
enclosure, a place fenced in. — Belg. kluyse, 

* CLOSE, adv. Constantly ; always ; by a 
slight transition from the use of the term 
in E. ; as, " Do you aye get a present 
when you gang to see your auntie ?" 
" Aye, close," Roxb. 

CLOSE BED. A kind of wooden bed still 
much used in the houses of the peasantry, 
S. V. Box-bed. 

CLOSEEVIE, Clozeevie, s. " The haill 
closeevie," the whole collection, Clydes. 

CLOSE-HEAD, .<. The entry of a blind 
alley, S. Heart Mid-Loth. 

CLOSER, s. The act of shutting up ; E. 
closure. Acts Cha. I. 

CLOSERIS, Clousouris, s. pi. Enclosures. 


pi. Perhaps clasps, or 

hooks and eyes. — O.Fr. closier, custos. 

* CLOSET, s. LA sewer. 2. A night- 
chair. Aberd. _/?e</.— Lat. cloaca. 

CLOSTER, ?. A cloister, S. 




To CLOTCH, v. a. and n. As Clatch, q. v., 

CLOTCH, s. 1 . " A worn-out cart, shaking 
to pieces, or any other machine almost 
useless," S.B. Gl. Surv. Nairn. 2. " A 
person with a broken constitution," ibid. 
This is evidently the same with Clatch, 
q. v. 3. A bungler, Aberd. 

CLOVE (of a mill) s. That which sepa- 
rates what are called the bridgeheads, S. 
V. Cloff. 

CLOVES, s. pi. An instrument of wood, 
which closes like a vice, used by carpen- 
ters for holding their saws firm while 
they sharpen them, S. V. Cloff. 

CLOUYS, s. pi. Claws. Douglas.— Su.G. 
klaa, pron. klo, a claw. 

To CLOUK, v. a. To cluck as a hen, 
Clydes. V. Clock, Clok, t. 

CLOUP, g. A quick bend in a stick, Dumfr. 

CLOUPIE, s. A walking-staff having the 
head bent in a semicircular form, ibid. 
Synon. Crummie-staff. — C.B. clopa, a club 
or knob, clicpa, a club at the end of a 
stick ; Teut. kluppel, stipes, fustis, bacu- 
lus, clava. 

CLOUP1T, part. adj. Having the head 
bent in a semicircular form ; applied to a 
walking-staff, ibid. 

To CLOUR, Clowr, v. a. 1. To cause a 
tumour, S. Ramsay. 2. To produce a 
dimple, S. Poems Buchan Dial. 

CLOUR, s. 1. A bump ; a tumour, in con- 
sequence of a stroke or fall, S. 8. P. 
Repr. 2. A dint caused by a blow, S. 3. 
A stroke, Bord. Guy Mannering. 

CLOUSE, Clush, s. A sluice, S. Acts Ja. 
IV.— Fr. ecluse, id. Arm. clem, a ditch. 

To CLOUT, v. a. To beat ; to strike ; pro- 
perly with the hands, S. Ferguson. — Teut. 
Mots-en, pulsare. 

CLOUT, s. 1. A cuff; a blow, S. Ritson. 2. 
It is used to denote a drubbing, a defeat. 

To Fa' Clout, To fall, or come to the 
ground with considerable force. To come 
with a douss, synon., Fife. 

CLOW, Clowe, s. 1. The spice called a 
clove, S. — Fr. clou, id., as Johns, justly 
observes, from its similitude to a nail. 
2. One of the lamina of a head of garlic, 
S.; like clore, E. 3. The do re-gilliflower, 

To CLOW, r. a. To beat down, Galloway ; 
used both literally and metaphorically. 

To CLOW, v. a. To eat or sup up greedily, 
Ettr. For. 

CLOWE, s. A hollow between hills. Sir 
Gaican and Sir Gal. The same with 
Cleugh, q. v., also Cloff. 

CLOWG, s. A small bar of wood, fixed to 
the door-post, in the middle, by a screw- 
nail, round which it moves, so that either 
end of it may be turned round over the 
end of the door to keep it close, Ren- 
frews. — Most probably from E. clog, as 
denoting a hindrance. 

CLOWIS, Small round pieces. Gaivan 
and Gol. — A.S. cleow ; Teut. klouice, 

CLOWIT, part. pa. " Made of clews, 
woven." Rudd. Douglas. — Teut. klomce, 

CLOWNS, 8. pi. Butterwort, an herb, 
Roxb. ; also called Sheep-rot, q. v. 

To CLOWTTER, v. n. To work in a dirty 
way, or to perform dirty work, Fife. 
Clutter, Ang. V. Cloiter. 

* CLUB, s. 1. A stick crooked at the lower 
end, and prepared with much care, for the 
purpose of driving the bat in the game of 
Shinty, S. 2. Transferred to the instru- 
ment used in the more polished game of 
Golf; a Golf-, or Gouf-club, S. V. Golf. 

CLUBBER, s.' V. Clibber. 

CLUBBISH, adj. Clumsy ; heavy; and dis- 
proportionably made, Roxb. — Su.G. kluh- 
ba, clava; E. club; or klubb, nodus; a knot 
in a tree. 

CLUBBOCK, s. The spotted Blenny, a 
fish. Blennius gunnellus, Linn. Statist. 

CLUB-FITTIT, part. adj. Having the foot 
turned too much inward, as resembling a 
club, Loth. 

CLUBSIDES YOU. A phrase used by boys 
at Shinny or Shinty, when a player strikes 
from the wrong hand, Aberd. Perhaps q. 
" Use your club on the right side." 

CLUDFAWER,s. A spurious child,Teviotd.; 
q. fallen from the clouds. 

CLU'F, Cluif, s. 1. A hoof, Rudd.;c/«, S.B. 
— Su.G. k/of, ungula. 2. A claw, Rudd. 
— Teut. kluyve, unguis. 

To CLUFF, v. a. To strike with the fist; to 
slap ; to cuff, Roxb. 

CLUFF, s. A stroke of this description ; a 
cuff ; also expl. " A blow given with the 
open hand," ibid.— Belg. klouw-en, to 
bang; klouw, "a stroke or blow; most 
properly with the fist ;" Sewel. 

CLUKIS. V. Cleuck. 

CLUM, part. pa. Clomb or climbed, Roxb.; 
Clum, pret, S.O. 

CLUMM YN, part. pa. of Climb. Douglas. 

CLUMP, s. A heavy inactive fellow, S. — 
Su.G. Mump, Teut. klompe, a mass. 

To CLUMSE, r. n. Expl. " to die of thirst," 

CLUNG, part. pa. Empty, applied to the 
stomach or belly after long fasting, S. — 
From E. cling, to dry up. Ross. 

To CLUNK, v. n. To emit a hollow and 
interrupted sound, as that proceeding 
from any liquid confined in a cask, when 
shaken, if the cask be not full, S. — Dan. 
glunk, the guggling of a narrow-mouthed 
pot or strait-necked bottle when it is 
emptying ; Sw. kluuk-a, to guggle ; Isl. 
k/unk-a, resonare. 

CLUNK, s. The cry of a hen to her young, 
when she has found food for them, South 
ofS. Cluck, E. 




CLUNK, s. A draught, West Loth.— Sw. 

klunk, id. 
CLUNKER, s. A tumour; a bump, Ang. 
CLUNKERD, Clunkert, part. adj. Cover- 
ed with clunkers; applied to a road, or 
floor, that is overlaid with clots of indu- 
rated dirt, S.B. 
CLUNKERS, s. pi. Dirt hardened in clots, 
so as to render a road, pavement, or floor 
unequal, S. — Germ, clunkern, a knot or 
clod of dirt. 
CLUPH, s. An idle trifling creature, Roxb. 
CLUPHIN,^a;«. pr. Cluphin about the fire; 
spending time in an idle and slovenly way, 
ibid.; synon. Cloffin, s. 1. 
CLUSHAN, Cow-clushan, s. The dung of 
a cow, as it drops in a small heap, Dumfr. 
— Isl. Uessing-r, conglutinatio ; klessa, 
litura. V. Tcshlach. 
CLUSHET,?. 1. The udder of a cow, Roxb. 
— Perhaps from S. douse, clush, Fr. ecluse. 
2. The stomach of a sow, Liddesdale. 
CLUSHET, s. One who has the charge of a 
cow-house, Liddesd. Byremau, synon. 
CLUT, s. Perhaps, a quantity. Ab. Reg. 

— Teut. kluyte, inassa I 
CLUTE, Cloot, s. 1. The half of the hoof 
of any cloven-footed animal, S. liamsay. 
2. The whole hoof, S. 3. Metaph. used 
for a single beast, S. Bob Boy. — Germ. 
cluft, fissura, or A.S. cleofed, fissus. 
To Tak the Clute. To run off; applied to 

cattle, S.O. Picken. 
CLUTHER,s. Aheap ; a crowd, Galloway. 
CLUTIE, s. A name given to the devil. 

V. Clootie. 
CLUTTERING, part. pr. Doing any piece 
of business in an awkward and dirty way, 
S.B. — Teut. kleuter-en, tuditare. 
COACT, Coactit, part. pa. Forced, con- 
strained. — Lat coact-us. 
COAL-GUM, s. The dust of coals, Clydes. 

A corr. of coal-coom. V. Panwood. 
COAL-HOODIE,s. The black -headed Bunt- 
ing, Mearns. 
COAL-STALK, s. 1. A name given to the 
vegetable impressions found on stones in 
coal mines. 
COALS. To bring ocer the coals, to bring to 
a severe reckoning, S. Forbes. Referring, 
most probably, to the ordeal by fire. 
A Cauld Coal to blaw at. A proverbial 
phrase still commonly used to denote any 
work that eventually is quite unprofit- 
able, S. M. Bruce's Lectures. 
COALSTEALER RAKE. A thief; a va- 
gabond ; or one who rakes during night 
for the purpose of depredation, Roxb.— 
Rake, from A.S. rac-an, dilatare ; Su.G. 
rak-a, currere. 
COATS, Coittis, s. pi. A modification of 

quotts, q. v. 
COAT-TAIL. To sit, to gang, &c, ozone's 
aiii coat tail; to live, or to do any thing, 
on one's personal expense, S. Rob Roy. 

COB, s. The husk of peas ; as, peas-cob, 

Dumfr. Apparently from C.B. cyb, id. 
To COB, b. a. To beat one on the backside. 
COBBING, s. The act of beating as above 
described, ibid. Cob denotes a blow, Der- 
byshire, v. Grose. — C.B. cob, " a knock, 
a thump; cob-iaw, to thump; cobiur, a 
thumper," Owen. 
COBLE, Kobil, 8. 1. A small boat; a yawl, 
S. A.S. couple, navicula. Wyntoim. 2. 
A larger kind of fishing boat, S. The 
term is now generally used to denote a 
flat-bottomed boat. 3. Halt coble, a place 
for steeping malt, in order to brewing, S. 
— Germ, kubel, a vat or tub. 
Net and Coble, the means by which sasine 
is given in fishings, S. — " The symbols for 
land are earth and stone ; for mills, clap 
and happer ; for fishings, net and coble." 
Ersk. Inst. 
To COBLE, t\ a. To steep malt. Fountain- 
COBLE, s. A square seat, or Avhat is called 

a table-seat, in a church, S. 
COBLE, s. 1 . An apparatus for the amuse- 
ment of children ; a beam being placed 
across a wall, with the ends equally pro- 
jecting, so that those who are placed at 
each end may rise and fall alternately ; a 
see-saw ; or titter-totter, Roxb. 2. The 
amusement itself, ibid. 
To COBLE, r. n. 1. To take this amusement, 
ibid. 2. A stepping-stone is said to coble, 
when it moves under one who steps on it, 
ibid. 3. Applied to ice which undulates 
when one passes over its surface, ibid. ; 
also pron. Coicble. 
COBLIE, adj. Liable to such rocking or un- 
dulatory motion, ibid. Synon. Cogglie, 
Cocker sum, S. 
COBOISCHOUN, Coboschoun, Cabos- 
choun, s. — " The beazill, collet, head, or 
highest part of a ring, or Jewell, wherein 
the stone is set ; also the bosse, or rising 
of the stone itself," Cotgr.— From caboche, 
the head, apparently corr. from Lat. 
COBWORM,s. The larva of the Cockchaffer, 

Scarabaeus melolontha. Statist. Ace. 
COCHACHDERATIE, s. An office, said to 
have been anciently held in Scotland. — 
Apparently corr. of Toscheoderach, deputy 
of the Mair of fee, which latter office 
seems to have been equivalent to that of 
our Sheriff-substitute. 
COCHBELL, s. An earwig, Loth. 
To COCK, r. a. 1. To mount a culprit on the 
back of another, as of the janitor at schools, 
in order to his being flogged, S. To horse 
one, E. 2. To throw up any thing to a 
high place, whence it cannot be easily 
taken down, Aberd. 
To COCK, v. n. To miss ; a word used by 
boys in playing at taw or marbles, Aberd. 
To COCK, r. n. Expl. " to resile from an en- 
gagement ; to draw back or eat in one's 




words, Roxb. Celt, coc, coq, a liar. V. To 
cry Cok, vo. Cok. 

COCK, s. The mark for which curlers play, 
S. Called iu some places the Tee, q. v. 

COCK, s. A cap ; a head-dress, S.B. Boss. 

COCK-A-BENDY, s. 1. An instrument for 
twisting ropes, consisting of a hollow piece 
of wood held in the hand, through which 
a pin runs. In consequence of this pin 
being turned round, the rope is twisted, 
Ayrs. 2. Expl. " A sprightly boy," Dumfr. 

* COCK-A-HOOP, The E. phrase is used 
to denote a bumper, Fife. One who is 
half seas over, is also said to be cock-a- 
hoop, ibid. ; which is nearly akin to the E. 
sense, " triumphant, exulting." Spenser 
uses cock on hoop, which seems to deter- 
mine the origin; q. the cock seated on the 
top of his roost. 

COCKALAN, s. LA comic or ludicrous re- 
presentation. Acts Ja. VI.— Ft. coq a 
Pane, a libel, a pasquin, a satire. Defined 
in the Dictionary of the Academy, " Dis- 
cours qui n'a point de suite, de liaison, de 
raison." 2. An imperfect writing. 

COCKALORUM-LIKE, adj. Foolish; ab- 
surd, Ayrs. The Entail. 

COCKANDY,s. The Puffin. Alca arctica, 
Linn. S. Taminorie, Tommy-nodd if, Orkn. 

COCK and KEY. A stop-cock, S. 

COCK and PAIL. A spigot and faucet, S. 

COCK-A-PENTIE, s. One whose pride 
makes him live and act above his income, 

COCKAWINIE, Cackawynnie. To ride 
cockaiclnle, to ride on the shoulders of an- 
other, Dumfr. Syn. with Cockerdehoy,S.B. 

COCK-BEAD-PLANE, s. A plane for mak- 
ing a moulding which projects above the 
common surface of the timber, S. — As bead 
denotes a moulding, S., the term cock may 
refer to the projection or elevation. 

COCK-BIRD-HIGHT, s. 1. Tallness equal 
to that of a male chicken ; as, " It's a fell 
thing for you to gie yoursel sic airs ; you're 
no cock-bird-hight yet," S. 2. Metaph. 
transferred to elevation of spirits. 

COCK-BREE, s. Cock-broth, Roxb. Cockie- 
leekle, synon. St. Ronan. 

COCK-CROWN KAIL. Broth heated a 
second time ; supposed to be such as the 
cock has croic'd over, being a day old, 
Roxb. Synon. Cauld kail het again, S. 

COCKEE, s. In the diversion of curling, the 
place at each end of the rink or course, 
whence the stones must be hurled, and 
which they ought to reach, generally 
marked by a cross, within a circle, S. A. ; 
Cock, Loth. Davidson's Seasons. 

COCKER, Cockin', s. The sperm of an egg; 
the substance supposed to be injected by 
the cock, S. 
To COCKER, v. n. To be in a tottering 
state, Loth. Hence, 

COCKERING, part. pr. Tottering; threat- 
ening to tumble ; especially in consequence 
of being placed too high, ibid. 

COCKERDECOSIE, adv. Synon. with 
Cockerdehoy, Mearns. 

COCKERDEHOY. To ride cockerdehoy; 
to sit on the shoulders of another, in 
imitation of riding on horseback, S.B. — 
Fr. coquardeau, a proud fool. 

COCKERIE, adj. Unsteady in position, 
Perths. The same with Cockersum. 

COCKERIENESS, s. The state of being 
Cockerle, ibid. 

COCKERNONNY, s. The gathering of a 
young woman's hair, when it is wrapt up 
in a band or fillet, commonly called a 
snood, S. Ramsay. — Teut. koker, a case, 
and nonne,2i nun; q.such a sheath for fixing 
the hair as the nuns were wont to use. 

COCKERSUM, adj. Unsteady in position; 
threatening to fall or tumble over, S. — 
Fr. coquarde, a cap, worn proudly on the 
one side. 

COCK-HEAD,s. The herb All-heal, Stachya 
palustris, Linn., Lanarks. 

COCKY, adj. Vain; affecting airs of impor- 
tance, S.B. From the E. v. to cock. Ross. 

COCKIE-BENDIE, s. 1. The cone of the 
fir-tree, Renfr. 2. Also the large conical 
buds of the plane-tree, ibid. 

COCKIE-BREEKIE, s. The same with 
Cockerdehoy, Fife. — Isl. kock-r, coacerva- 
tus, and Sw. brek-a, divaricare, to stride. 

COCKIE-LEEKIE, s. Soup made of a cock 
boiled with leeks, S. 

COCKIELEERIE, ?. A term expressive 
of the sound made by a cock in crowing, 
S — Teut. kockeloer-en, to cry like a cock. 

among children, in which one rides on the 
shoulders of another, with a leg on each 
side of his neck, and the feet over on his 
breast, Roxb. 2. It is also used as a 
punishment inflicted by children on each 
other, for some supposed misdemeanour. 

COCKILOORIE, s. A daisy, Shetl.— Per- 
haps from Su.G. koka, the sward, andlura, 
to lie hid ; q. what lies hidden during 
winter in the sward. 

COCKLAIRD, s. A landholder, who him- 
self possesses and cultivates all his estate; 
a yeoman, S. Kelly. 

COCKLE, Cokkil, s. A scallop. — Fr. co- 
qullle. The Order of the Cockle, that of 
St. Michael, the knights of which wore the 
scallop as their badge. Complaynt S. 

To COCKLE the cogs of a mill, to make a 
slight incision on the cogs, for directing 
in cutting off the ends of them, so that 
the whole may preserve the circular form. 
The instrument used is called the cockle, 
Loth. — Germ, and mod. Sax. kughcl-en, 
rotundare,from^e/jGerni. kughel, 
a globe, any thing round. 
To COCKLE, v. n. " To cluck as a hen," 
Roxb,— -From the pame origin with E. 



cackle, Teut. kaeckel-en, Su.G. kakl-a, 

COCKLE-CUTIT, adj. Having bad ancles, 
so that the feet seem to be twisted away 
from them; lying outwards, Lanarks. — 
Isl. koeckull, condylus ; q. having a de- 
fect in the joints. 

COCKLE-HEADED,«/7?. Whimsical ; mag- 
goty ; singular in conduct, S. Cock-brained 
is used in the same sense in E. Rob Roy. 
— C.B. coegralch signifies conceited, proud. 

COCKMAN',s. A sentinel. Martin's West 


COCK-MELDER, s. The last melder or 
grinding of a year's grain, Lanarks. 
Dustymelder, synon. As this melder con- 
tains more refuse (which is called dust) 
than any other, it may be thus denomi- 
nated, because a larger share of it is al- 
lowed to the dunghill-fowls. 

COCK-PADDLE, s. The Lump, a fish; 
Cyclopterus lumpus, Linn. The Paddle, 
Orkn. Sibbald. 

COCK-RAW, adj. Rare; sparingly roasted, 
or boiled, Loth. Roxb. Synon. Thain. 

COCKREL, s. The same with E. cockerel, 
a young cock ; used to denote a young 
male raven. Davidson's Seasons. 

COCKROSE, s. Any wild poppy with a 
red flower, t'oprose, A.Bor. 

COCKS. To cast at the cocks ; to waste, to 
squander,S. From the barbarous custom of 
throwing for a piece of money at a cock 
tied to a stake. Ramsay. 

COCK'S-CAIM, s. Meadow Pinks, or Cuc- 
koo Flower, Lychnis flos cuculi, Lanarks. 

COCK'S-COMB,s. Adder's tongue. Ophio- 
glossum vulgatum, Linn., Roxb. 

COCKS CROWING. If cocks crow before 
the Ha' -door, it isviewedas betokeningthe 
immediate arrival of strangers, Teviotd. 

COCKSIE, adj. Affecting airs of impor- 
tance, Lanarks. Synon. with Cocky, q.v. 

COCKSTRIDE, s. A very short distance ; 
q. as much as may be included in the 
stride of a cock. Ettr. For. Hogg. 

COCK-STULE, Cukstcle,*. 1. The cuck- 
ing-stool or tumbrell. Bur.Laiccs. — Teut. 
kolcken, ingurgitare, or kaccke, the pillory. 
2. This term has accordingly been used 
in later times to denote the pillory, S. 

COCKE P, s. A hat or cap turned up before. 

COD, g. 1. A pillow, S. A.Bor. Compl. S. 
2. In a secondary sense, a cushion, S. 3. 
In pi. corfs denotes a sort of cushion, which 
the common people in many parts of the 
country use in riding, in lieu of a saddle 
or pillion, S. Synon. Sonks, Sunks. — A.S. 
coclde, a bag ; Isl. kodde, a pillow. 

To COD out, v. n. Grain which has been 
too ripe before being cut, in the course of 
handling is said to cod out, Roxb. ; from 
its separating easily from the husk or 

CODBAIT,.r. 1. The Lumbricus marinus. 

> COG 

Loth. 2. The straw-worm, ibid. — A.S. 
codd, folliculus. 

CODBER, s. A pillowslip. Inventories. 

COD-CRUNE, s. A curtain-lecture, Fife. 
Cod crooning, id., Selkirks, from cod, a 
pillow, and crime, as denoting a murmur- 
ing or complaining sound. — Teut. kreun- 
en, conqueri. It is otherwise called a 
Bowster- (i. e. bolster) lecture. V. Croyn. 

CODDERAR, s. Perhaps sorner or beggar. 

CODE, s. A chrisom. V. Cude. 

CODGEBELL,s. An earwig. V.Cochbell. 

COD-HULE,s. A pillowslip, Roxb. Q.the 
husk or covering of a pillow. Synon. Cod- 

To CODLE (corn), r. a. To make the grains 
fly out of the husks by a stroke, S.B. Per- 
haps from cod, the pod. 

CODROCH, adj. 1. Rustic, having the 
manners of the country, Loth. Fife. Fer- 
guson. 2. Dirty, slovenly, synon. hogry- 
mogry,hoth. — It. cudar, the rabble ; Gael. 
codromtha, unci vi\ized,codramach, a rustic. 

CODRUGH, adj. Used as synon. with 
Caldrife, Strathmore. — Perhaps of Teut. 
origin, from koude, cold, and rijck, added 
to many words, as increasing their signi- 
fication ; blind-ryck, q. rich in blindness ; 
doof-ri/ck, very deaf; dul-rijck, &c. 

COD WARE, s. A pillow-slip, S.— A.S. 
icaer, retinaculum, Su.G. war, id., from 
waeri, to keep, to cover. 

COELTS, s. pi. Colts. Monroe. 

To COFF, Coffe, v. a. 1. To buy; to pur- 
chase, S., most commonly in the pret. 
coft. Shirre/s. 2. To procure, although 
not in the way of absolute purchase ; used 
improperly. Blue Book of Seton. 3. To 
barter, to exchange. Rentall of Orkn. — 
Germ, kaufte, bought, from kauf-en; Su.G. 
koep-a, to buy. V. Coup, v. 

COFE, s. Bargain, perhaps strictly by bar- 
ter or exchange. — This seems originally 
the same with Coup, exchange, q. v. Sw. 
koep signifies a purchase, a bargain. But 
cofe in form more nearly resembles Germ. 
kauff, id. V. Coff, r. 

COFFE, Cofe, Coife. A merchant ; a hawk- 
er ; pedder coffe, a pedler. Ban. Poems. 

COFE and CHANGE, is a phrase which 
occurs in our old acts. Cofe may be 
synon. with change, as denoting exchange 
or barter. 

COFFING, Cofyne, s. 1. A shrine ; a box. 
Wyntoicn. 2. The hard crust of bread. 
Douglas. — Lat. cophin-us, a basket. 

COFT, pret.und part. pa. Bought. V.Coff. 

To COG, r. a. To place a stone, or a piece 
of wood, so as to prevent the wheel of a 
carriage from moving, S. 

COG, Coag, Coig, Cogue, s. 1. A hollow 
wooden vessel of a circular form for hold- 
ing milk, broth, &c, S. Watson's Coll. — 
Germ, hauch, a hollow vessel; C.B. caicg, 
a bason ; Gael, cuachan, also coggan, a 
bowl, a cup. 2. A measure used at some 




mills, containing the.fourth part of a peck, 
S.B. 3. This terra is sometimes metaph. 
used to denote intoxicating liquor, like 
E. bowl. Tannahitt. 

To COG, Cogue, v. a. To empty into a 
wooden vessel. Ramsay. 

COG, Cogge, s. A yawl or cockboat. Wyn- 
town. — Teut. kogghe, celox ; Su.G. kogg, 
navigii genus, apud veteres. 

COGFUL, Cogfu', s. As much as a cog or 
wooden bowl contains, S. Corr. cogill, 
Angus. The Pirate. 

COGGIE, s. A small wooden bowl, S. A 
dimin. from Cog. Jacob. Relics. 

To COGGLE up, r. a. To prop; to support, 
Ang. Synon. to Stut. 

COGGLIE, Coggly, adj. Moving from side 
to side; unsteady as to position; apt to be 
overset, S. Cockersum synon. Gait. 

COGGLIN, 8. A support, Ang. Synon. Stut. 

COGLAN-TREE. It is supposed that this 
is a corr. of Covin Tree, q. v. 

To COGLE, Coggle, r. a. To cause any 
thing to move from side to side, so as to 
seem ready to be overset, S. — Perhaps 
from cog, a yawl, because this is so easily 
overset. Or from Teut. koghel, Dan. higle, 
globus, bugled, globular. 

COGNOSCA'NCE, s. A badge in heraldry. 
— E. cognizance ; 0. Fr. Coqnoissance. 

To COGNOSCE, v. n. To inquire ; to in- 
vestigate ; often in order to giving judg- 
ment in a cause. Spalding. 

To COGNOSCE, r. a. 1. To scrutinize the 
character of a person, or the state of a 
thing, in order to a decision, or for regu- 
lating procedure. Ibid. 2. To pronounce 
a decision in consequence of investiga- 
tion. Chalmers's Mary. 3. To pronounce 
a person to be an idiot, or furious, by the 
verdict of an inquest ; a forensic term, S. 
Erskine's Inst. 4. To survey lands in 
order to a division of property. — Lat. 
cognosc-ere, pro Jurisdictionem exercere. 

To COGNOST, r. ». Spoken of two or 
more persons who are sitting close toge- 
ther, conversing familiarly with an air of 
secresy, and apparently plotting some 
piece of harmless mischief, Upp.Lanarks. 
Nearly synon. with the E. phrase, " laying 
their heads together ;" and with the O.E. 
1?., still used in S., to Colleague. — From cog- 
nosce, as used in to denote the proof 
taken in order to pronounce a man an idiot 
or insane. 

COGNOSTIN, s. The act of sitting close to- 
gether in secret conference, Upp. Lanarks. 

COGSTER, s. The person who, in the act 
of swingling flax, first breaks it with a 
swing-bat, and then throws it to another, 

COG-WAME, s. A protuberant belly; q. 

resembling a coag. Herd's Coll. 
COG-WYMED, adj. Having a protuber- 
ant belly. E. pot-bellied is the term most 

nearly allied ; but the S. word is not 
merely applied to persons grown up, but 
to children, those especially whose bellies 
are distended by eating great quantities of 
undigestible food, or of that which is not 
solid, S. 

COHOW, interj. Used at Hide and seek, 
Aberd. Also written Cahow, q. v. 

To COY, r. a. Doubtful ; perhaps to Cow, 
or Shy. Keith's Hist. 

COY, s. The name given to the ball used in 
the game of Shintie, Dumfr. — C.B. cog, 
" a mass or lump ; a short piece of wood ;" 

COY, adj. Still, quiet. Lyndsay.—Yv. coi, 
coy, id., from Lat. quiet- us. 

COIDOCH, Coydyoch, s. A term of con- 
tempt applied to a puny wight. Poheart. 

COYDUKE, s. 1. A decoy-duck ; used to 
denote a man employed by a magistrate 
to tempt people to swear, that they might 
be fined. 2. It is also commonly used to 
denote a person employed by a seller, at a 
roup or auction, to give fictitious bodes or 
offers, in order to raise the price of an 
article, S. Syn. a White-bonnet. 

To COJEET, v. n. To agree ; to fit, Upp. 
Clydes. — Perhaps from Fr. con, and jett-er, 
to cast, to throw ; q. to throw together. 

COIF, s. A cave. Douglas. 

COIFI, s. The arch-druid, or high-priest 
among the Druids. V. Coivie. 

COIG. V. Cog, Coag. 

COIL, s. An instrument formerly used in 
boring for coals. V. Stook, s. 2. 

COIL, s. Coil of hay, cock of hav, Perths. 

COILHEUCH,'s. A coalpit, S. Skene. 

COILL, Coyll, s. Coal. Acts Mary. 

COIN, Coynye, s. A corner. Barbour. — 
Fr. coin, id.; Ir. cuinne, a corner, an angle. 

To COIN YELL, r. a. 1. To agitate, as in 
churning milk ; " Gi'e this a bit compel- 
ling," Ayrs. 2. To injure any liquid, by 
agitating it too much, ibid. — Perhaps a 
dim. from Gael, cuinneog, a churn. 

To CO IS, t. n. To exchange. V Cose. 

COISSING, Cherrie and Slae. V. Cose, v. 

COIST, Cost, s. 1. The side in the human 
body. — Lat. costa. Douglas. Wallace. 
2. The trunk of the body. Douglas. 3. 
Also used for E. coast, Lat. ora. Dour/. 

COIST, s. 1. Expense; cost. Douglas.' 2. 
The provision made for watching the 
borders. Acts Ja. II.— Belg. Su.G. host, 
cost, charge. 

COIST, s. 1. Duty payable in kind, Orkn. 
2. The sustenance given to a servant, as 
distinct from money, ibid. Skene. — Su.G. 
Dan. host, food. 

COYST, adj. A reproachful epithet. 

To COIT, r. n. To butt; to jostle. Fordun. 
— Fr. cott-er, to butt ; Isl. kuettr, torvus, 
kueita, violenter jactare. 

COIT, Coyt, s. A coat. Aberd. Reg. 

To COIT, Quoit, t. n. A term used in Ayrs. 
as equivalent to the r. Curl ; to amuse 




one's self by curling on the ice. Cute is 
used in the same sense in Upp. Clydes. 

COITE, s. A rate. The same with Cote, q. v. 

COITTS, s. pi. Used for Quotts. V. Coats. 

COIVIE, s. The name given in Gaelic to the 
arch-druid, written Cuimhi or Chlobhidh. 

COK, s. Meaning doubtful. 

COK. To cry cok, to acknowledge that one 
is vanquished. Douglas. — Q.Oelt. coc, me- 
diant, vile. 

COKEWALD, s. A cuckold. Chauc— Isl. 
growfcaK,curruca, seu cornutus; from Icron, 
uxor, and kvola, maculare ; G. Andr. 

COLE, s. A cock of hay, Ang. V. Coll. 

COLE, s. A cant term for money, S.O. 

COLE-HUGH, s. The shaft of a coal-pit, S. 

COLEHOOD, s. The Black-cap, a bird, S. 

COLEHOODING, s. The Black-cap, a bird, 
S. Coalhood. Slbbald. 

COLEMIE, Coalmie, s. The Coalfish, 
Asellusniger, Ang.-— Germ. kohlnmhleu,\d. 

To COLF, v. a. To calk a ship.— Fr. calfat- 
cr, Teut. kallefact-en, id. 

COLFIN, Calfing, .*. The wadding of a 
gun, S. Wodrow. 

To COLFIN, Cai.fin, v. a. To fill with 
wadding, S. Piper of Peebles. 

COLIBRAND, s. A contemptuous desig- 
nation for a blacksmith, Border. Wat- 
son's Coll. — Su.G. kol, carbo, and brenna, 
urere ; q. the coal-burner. 

COLK, s. The Eider duck, a sea-fowl, S. 
The Duntitr Goose of Sibbald. Monroe. 

COLL, Cole, s. A cock of hay, S.B., A.Bor. 
jl oss , — F r . cueill-er, to gather ; E. to coll. 

To COLL, v. a. To put into cocks ; as, "Has 
he coll'd yon hay % " S.B. 

To COLL, v. a. 1. to cut ; to clip. To coll 
the hair, to poll it, S. 2. To cut any 
thing obliquely, S.— Su.G. kull-a, verticis 
capillos abradere. V. Cow. 

COLL, s. A line drawn, in the amusement 
of Curling, across the rink or course. The 
stone, which does not pass this line, is 
called a hog, and is thrown aside, as not 
being counted in the game, Angus ; Collie 
or Coallie, Stirlings. Hog-score, synon. 

COLLADY-STONE, g. A name given to 
quartz, Roxb. It is also pron. Cow-lady- 
stone. — Perhaps corr. from Fr. cailleteau, 
" a chack-stone, or little flint-stone." 

COLLAT, Collet, s. A collar.— Collet was 
used in the same sense in O.E. Fr. collet, 
" the throat, or fore part of the necke ; 
also the coller of a jerkin, &c. ; the cape 
of a cloke," Cotgr. 

To COLLATION, r. a. To compare ; to 
collate. — Fr. collation-ner, id. Stair. 

COLLAT YOWN,s. Conference; discourse. 
Wyntown. — Lat. collatio. 

To COLLECK, v. n. To think ; to recollect, 
Aberd. Nearly allied to the use of the E. 
V. to collect himself. 

COLLECTORY, Collectors, s. 1. The 
charge of collecting money. Aberd, Peg. 
2, Money collected. V. Keage, 

To COLLEGE, r. a. To educate at a col- 
lege or university^ S. Campbell. 

COLLEGENAR, Collegioners, s. A stu- 
dent at a college, S. Spalding. 

COLLERAUCH, Collereth, Coleraith, *. 
A surety given to a court. Balfour's 
Pract. V. Culreach. 

COLLIE, Colley, s. 1. The shepherd's dog, 
S. A.Bor. Burns.— Ir. cuilean, Gael. 
culie, a little dog. 2. One who follows 
another constantly, S. 3. A lounger, one 
who hunts for a dinner. Ccdderwood. 

To COLLIE, v. a. 1. To abash; to silence 
in an argument; in allusion to a dog, who, 
when mastered or affronted, walks off 
with his tail between his feet, Fife. 2. 
To domineer over. 3. Used, with a con- 
siderable degree of obliquity, as signify- 
ing to entangle or bewilder, S.A. 4. To 
wrangle ; to quarrel with, as shepherds' 
dogs do. " We cou'd hardly keep them 
frae colley in' ane anither," Roxb. 

To COLLIE, Colley, v. n. To yield in a 
contest ; to knock under, Loth. 

COLLIEBUCTION, s. A squabble, Kin- 

COLLIESHANGIE, s. 1. An uproar; a 
squabble, S. Moss. 2. Used in some places 
for loud, earnest, or gossiping conversa- 
tion, S.B. 3. A ring of plaited grass or 
straw, through which a lappet of a wo- 
man's gown, or fold of a man's coat is 
clandestinely thrust, in order to excite 
ridicule, Ang. — Perhaps from collie and 
shangle, q. v. Collleshanq, Roxb. 

COLLiNHOOD,s. Wildpoppy,Roxb.Loth. 

To COLLUDE, v. n. To have collusion 
with. — Lat. collud-erc, id. 

COLMIE, s. A full-grown coal-fish, Mearns. 
Synon. Comb, Banffs. V. Gerrack. 

COLOUR-DE-ROY, s. Aberd. Beg.— Ft. 
couleur de Boy, " in old time purple, now 
the bright tawny," Cotgr. 

COLPINDACH, ,". A young cow that has 
never calved. Skene. — Gael, colbhtach, a 
cow calf. 

COLRACH, s. A surety. V. Collerauch. 

COLSIE, adj. Comfortable; snug; cosie. 

COLUMBE* s. An ornament in the form 
of a dove. Inventories. 

COLUMBE, adj. A kind of violet colour, 
or rather between red and violet. Inven- 

COM, Come, s. Act of coming; arrival. 
Barbour. — A.S. cum, cyme, adventus. 

COMASHES, s. pi. Unknown ; perhaps a 
precious spice. Bates. 

COMB, s. A coal-fish of the fifth year. 


To COMBALL, r. n. To meet together for 
amusement, Fife. — Apparently corr. from 
E. cabal. Gael, comhbualach, however, 
signifies contact. 

COMB'S-MASS, s. The designation gener- 
ally given to the term of Whitsunday in 
Caithness, — - The word undoubtedly is 




Colm's-Mass, i. e., the mass of the cele- 
brated St. Coluinba, abbot of Iona. 

COMBURGESS,?. A fellow-citizen.— Fr. 
combourgeois, id. 

COME, s. ' Growth ; the act of vegetation; 
as, There's a come in the grund, there is a 
considerable degree of vegetation, S, 

COME, s. A bend or crook. V. Cum. 

To COME, r. n. 1. To sprout, to spring ; 
applied to grain when it begins to ger- 
minate, S. 2. To sprout at the lower eud; 
applied to grain in the process of malt- 
ing, S. Chalm. Air. — Isl. keim-a, Germ. 
Mem-en, id. 

COME-O'-WILL, s. 1. An herb, shrub, or 
tree, that springs up spontaneously, not 
having been planted ; q. comes of its own 
will, Roxb. 2. Hence applied to any ani- 
mal that comes, of its own accord, into 
one's possession, ibid. Cinnlin, synon. 3. 
Transferred to new settlers in a country 
or district, who can show no ancient 
standing there, South of S. 4. It is some- 
times applied to a bastard child. Guy 

COMER, Comere, s. A gossip. V. Cummer. 

To COMERA'DE, v. n. To meet together 
for the purpose of having a social confa- 
bulation. Pron. as of three syllables. 

COMERA'DE, s. A meeting of this de- 
scription. This seems to be synon. with 
Hocking in the West of S. — Fr. camerade, 
" chamberfull, a company that belongs to 
one chamber," Cotgr. ; O.Fr. cambre, 
Lat. camcr-a, a chamber. 

COMERA'DIN, s. A term used to denote 
the habit of visiting, day after day, with 
little or no interruption, Roxb. 

COMER WALD,a<7/\ Hen-pecked. Dun- 
bar. — Comer, a gossip, and A.S. icald, 

COMESTABLE, adj. Eatable ; fit for food. 
— From Lat. comed-o, comest-um, to eat. 

COMFARANT-LIKE, adj. Decent; be- 
coming, Berwicks. — This must be a corr. 
of Confeerin, q. v. 

To COMFLEK, i\ n. To reflect, Berwicks. 
— From Lat. conflect-ere, to bend, or com- 
plect-i, to comprehend, as applied to the 

COMITE, Commite, s. A term which fre- 
quently occurs in our old legal deeds, as 
denoting the common council of a burgh, 
now generally called the Town-council. — 
L.B. comitatus. 

COMMANDIMENT, Commandement, 8. A 

COMMEND, s. A comment; a commentary. 

COMMEND, s. A benefice in commendam. 
Doug. — Fr. commende, L.B. commenda, id. 

COMMEND, s. Commendation, S. Bollock. 

COMMESS, s. A deputy. Inventories.— 
Fr. commie, id. 

COMMISSARE, s. A commissioner; a de- 
legate. Acts Ja. I, — Fr. commissaire, id. 

COMMISSE CLOTHES. The clothes pro- 
vided for soldiers, at the expense of the 
government they serve. Monro's E.rped. 

COMMISSER, 8. A commissary of an army. 
Acts Cha. I. 

COMMON. By common, strange; out of 
the common line ; extraordinary, S. 

COMMON, Commoun. To be in one's com- 
mon, to be obliged to one, S. Pitscottie. 
To quite a commoun, to requite. Knox. — 
From commons, as signifying fare. 

COMMONTY, Commountie, s. 1. A com- 
mon, S. — Lat. communit-as. 2. Commu- 
nity ; common possession. Acts Ja. VI. 
3. A right of pasturage in common with 
others, S. 4. Jurisdiction or territory, S. 
Balf. Pract. 5. Commonalty ; the com- 
mons, as distinguished from the higher 
ranks, ibid. 

COMMOTION, ;>. A commission. "Aneeow- 
motion & full power," &c. Aberd. Peg. 

To COMMOVE, v. a. 1. To bring into a 
state of commotion. 2. To offend; to dis- 
please. Pitscottie. — Fr. commouv-oir, to 
move, to trouble, to vex; Lat. commov-ere. 

COMMOUND, adj. Common. Aberd. Reg. 

COMMUNION, s. The name given in some 
places, by way of eminence, to the Sacra- 
ment of the Supper, S. — For the same 
reason it is denominated, as if exclusively, 
the Sacrament ; sometimes the Occasion ; 
in the North of S. the Ordinance, and 
pretty generally, from the number of dis- 
courses, the Preachings. It is singular, 
that in S. it very seldom receives the 
scriptural designation. 

To COMMUVE, r. a. To move,Upp. Clydes. 

COMPANIONRY,s. Fellowship; compan- 
ionship. Pollock. 

COMPARE, adj. Equal ; comparable with. 
Bellenden. — Lat. compar. 

To COMPARE, r. n. To appear ; to be 
made manifest. The same with L'ompeir, 
q. v. Bellenden. 

COMPARGES. Leg. compaignyies, com- 
panies. Houlate. 

COMPEARANCE, s. The act of presenting 
one's self in a court, S. Baillie. 

To COMPEIR, Compear, v. n. 1 . To ap- 
pear in the presence of another. Bellen- 
den. 2. To present one's self in a court, 
civil or ecclesiastical, in consequence of 
being summoned, S. Priests Peblis.— Fr. 
compar-oir,to appear; Lat. compar-ere,id. 

COMPEIRANT, s. One who makes his 
appearance, when called, ill a court. 

COMPENSER, s. One who makes com- 
pensation. Harcarse, Suppl. Dec. 

COMPER, s. The Father-lasher, Orkn. 

To COMPESCE, v. a, To restrain ; to as- 
suage. Baillie. — Lat. compesco. 

To COMPETE, r. n. To be in a state of com- 
petition, S. Guthrie. — Lat. compet-ere. 

* To COMPLAIN, Complein, r. n. To ail, 
S. Macne ill,— This is a metouymical use 




of the E. term, the effect being put for 
the cause. 

COMPLENE. The last of the canonical 
hours. Douglas. — L.B. complendae, offi- 
cium ecclesiasticum, quod cetera djurna 
officia complet et claudit. 

COMPLENE SONG. The song sung at the 
last of the canonical hours ; the evening 
song. V. Complene. 

COMPLIMENT, s. A present ; a gift, S. 
Sir J. Sinclair. 

To COMPLIMENT with, v. a. To present 
one with, S. 

To COMPLUTHER, r. n. 1. To comply ; 
to accord. " I wou'd marry her, but 
she'll no eompluther," Roxb. Complouter, 
Mearns. — Lat. complaudere, to clap hands 
together, or in unison. 2. To suit; to fit; 
to answer any end proposed, Roxb. 

COMPLUTHER, s. A mistake, Stirlings. 

To COMPONE, v. a. To settle. B. Bruce. 

To COMPONE,r.«. To compound. Baillie. 

COMPONIT,arf/. Compound; in grammar. 

COMPONlTIOUNE,s. Composition; settle- 
ment of a debt. Act. Audit. V.Compone. 

COMPOSITIOUN, s. " Admission to mem- 
bership in a society." Aberd. Beg. 

COMPREHENSS, s. The act of compris- 
ing or including. Acts Mary. 

To COMPRYSE, ?. a. Legally to attach 
for debt, according to the ancient form ; 
a forensic term, S. Balfour's Bract. — Fr. 
comprendre, compris. 

COMPRYSER, s. The person who at- 
taches the estate of another for debt, S. 

COMPRYSING, s. Attachment for debt. 

To COxMPROMIT, r. a. To engage them- 
selves conjunctly ; used of those who 
pledge themselves mutually to any effect. 
Compromit is sometimes used as the pret. 
Bitscottie. — Lat. compromitt-cre, id. 

To COMPROMIT, v. n. To enter into a 
compromise ; a forensic term. 

COMPROMIT, s. A compromise. Balf. 

COMPTAR, Compter, Coiipter-Clayth, s. 
Meaning doubtful. Perhaps a coverlet 
for a bed, or counter-pane ; or from Fr. 
comptoir, a table for casting accounts, or 
a coffer for holding money. Aberd. Beg. 

COMTHANKFO\V, adj. Grateful; thank- 
ful, Berwicks. Evidently for conthank- 
fow, from the phrase to con thank: 

CON, s. The squirrel, A.Bor., id. Mont- 

To CON, v. a. To Con Thank. V. Cun. 

CONABILL, Cunnable, adj. Attainable. 
Barbour. — Lat. conabilis, what may be 

CONAND, ;)<*>•?. pr. Knowing; skilful.— 
From Gun, to know, q. v. Wyntown. 

To CONCEALE, Conceil, t. a. To conci- 
liate ; to reconcile. More. — Lat. concil-io. 

CONCEIT Y, Conceaty, adj. 1. Conceited, 
S. Gait. 2. Indicating affectation or 
self-conceit, S. 

CONCEIT-NET, s. A fixed net, used in 

some rivers, S.B. 
To CONCELISE, o. a. To conceal. Invent. 

* CONCERNS, s. pi. A term used to denote 

relations, whether by blood or marriage, 

S. — From Fr. concern-er, to belong to. 
CONCIOUN, s. 1. An assembly. 2. An 

address made to an assembly. Bellenden. 

— Lat. vocari ad concionem. Fr. concion 

is used in both senses. 
CONCURSE, s. Concurrence; cooperation. 

Acts Assem. — Concurs-us, as bearing this 

sense, is a term of common use in the 

Lat. of scholastic theologians. 

* To CONDEMN, r. a. To block up in such 
a manner as to prevent all entrance or 
passage ; sometimes implying the idea of 
corporeal danger, S. Bitscottie. 

To CONDESCEND, v. a. To specify ; to 
particularize ; most generally with the 
prep, upon added, S. Guthrie's Trial. 

To CONDESCEND, t.n. To agree, S. Com- 
playnt S. — Fr. condescendre, to vouchsafe, 
to yield, to grant unto ; Cotgr. 

CONDESCENDENCE, s. A specification 
of particulars on any subject, S. Spalding. 

CONDET, Condict, Condyt, s. Safe con- 
duct ; passport. Wallace. 

CONDY, .o. A conduit, S. 

CONDICT, s. Conduit; passage. Douglas. 
— Teut. konduyt ; Fr. conduit, id. 

CONDINGLY, «</r. Agreeably; lovingly. 
Thus it is said of two or more who seem 
to be very happy in mutual society, 
" They're sittan very condingly there," 
S.B. — An oblique use of E. condignly. 

To CONDUCE, v. a. To hire. Bitscottie. 
■ — Lat. conduc-cre, id. 

CONDUCER, s. One who hires. V. the r. 

CONDUCTIOUN, .?. 1. The act of hiring 
in general. — Lat. conductio, id. 2. The 
hiring of troops. Acts Ja. VI. 

CONEVETHE, s. V. Conveth. 

To CONFAB, v. n. To confabulate, S. 

CONFAB, s. A confabulation, S. 

CONFECTOURIS, *.;;/. Confections.— Fr. 
confitures, " confets ; junkets ; all kind of 
sweetmeats," &c, Cotgr. 

CONFECTS, s. pi. Sweetmeats ; comfits. 

CONFEERIN, part. adj. Consonant, S.B. 
Boss.— Lat. conferr-e, to compare. 

CONFEIRIN, co'nj. Considering. Joum. 

CONFEISED, part. pa. Confused; the 
pronunciation of the north of S. 

CONFERENCE, Conferrence, s. Ana- 
logy; agreement. — L.B. conferent-ia, col- 
latio, confcederatio. 

* To CONFESS, r. n. 1. To make a bottle 
confess, to drain it to the last drop, by 
pouring or dripping, S. 2. To bring up 
the contents of the stomach, S. — Both 
senses seem to have a ludicrous allusion 
to ghostly confession to a priest. 

CONFIDER, adj. Confederate. Douglas. 
— Fr. confeder-ez, id. 




To CONFISKE, r. a. To confiscate. Bel- 

lenden. — Fr. confisqu-er, id. 
CONFORME, Conform, adj. Conformable. 

Aberd. Beg. — Fr. conforme, id. 
CONGE Y,s. Leave; permission. — Fr. conge. 
To CONGYIE, v. a. To strike money ; to 

coin. Aberd. Beg. V. Cuinyie. 
CONGREGATION", s. 1. The designation 
which the Reformers in S. took to them- 
selves collectively, during the reign of 
Queen Mary; when more fully expressed, 
the Congregation of Christ. Knox's Hist. 
2. The term is sometimes used in a more 
restricted sense,as denoting one part of the 
body of Protestants, distinguished from 
another, according to local situation, ibid. 
CONGREGATIONERS. A derivative from 
the preceding term, apparently formed by 
Keith, from contempt of the Reformers in 
CONYNG, s. Knowledge; skill. King's 

COWINGHIS, s. pi. Rabbits ; E. conies. 
CONJUNCT FEE, s. A right of property 
granted in common to husband and wife; 
a forensic term, S. Ersk. Inst. 
CONJURED, adj. Used in the sense of per- 
jured. Pitscottie. 
To CONN, v. a. To know. Barbour. 
To CONNACH, r. a. 1. To abuse, in 
whatever way, Aberd. Pennecuik. 2. To 
trample on. 3. To lavish or waste, Aberd. 
Gl. Surv. Nairn. 
CONN AND, Conand, s. 1. Engagement; 
contract. Barbour. 2. Proffers; terms pre- 
vious to an engagement. Wallace. — Fr. 
convenant, from conven-ir, to agree. 
CONNERED, />«»•*./>«. Curried. Chalmerl. 

Air. — Fr. conroy-er, to curry. 
CONNIE, Conneis, s. Perhaps provisions. 
Chron. 8. P. — O.Fr. convis, necessaries ; 
Fr. convoi. 
CONN YSHONIE, s. A silly, gossiping con- 
versation, S.B. 
To CONNOCH, v. a. V. Connach. 
CONNOCH,s. A disease. Polwart.— Gael. 

connach is the murrain. 
To CONQU ACE, Conques, v. a. 1 . To ac- 
quire, whether by art or valour. Douglas. 
2. To acquire by conquest. Wallace. 3. 
To purchase with money. Beg. Maj. 
CONQU ACE, Conquese, s. 1.' Conquest. 
Wallace. 2. Acquisition by purchase. 
Quon. Attach. — L.B. conquestus, id. 
CONRADIZE, adj. Perhaps perverse, or 

contumacious. TV. Guthrie's Serm. 
CONRYET,prrf. Perhaps disposed. Wal- 
lace. — O.Fr. counter, to prepare; whence 
conroi, order of battle. 
CONSCHAIFT, Conshaft, s. Intelligence. 

Monro's Exped. — Belg. kundschap. 
CONSERUATOUR, Conservator, s. The 
name given to the person appointed to 
watch over the interests of Scottish mer- 
chants in the Netherlands, S. Ersk. Inst. 
CONSTABLE, ?. A large glass, the con- 

tents of which he is obliged to drink who 
has not drunk as much as the rest of the 
company, or who transgresses its rules, S. 
CONSTANCY, Constants. Wi' a constancy, 
incessantly; uninterruptedly, Aberd. For 
a constant, id., Ang. WV a continuance, 
id., Aberd. 
CONSTANT, adj. Evident; manifest. Acts 
Cha. II. — O.Fr. const-er; etre certain et 
evident, etre assure' d'un fait; de constare. 
CONSTERIE,Constry,s. Consistory. Forb. 
To CONSTITUTE, v. a. To open an eccle- 
siastical court with prayer, S. 
To CONSTITUTE, v. a. To constitute; con- 
stituande, constituting; Fr. constitu-er, 
part. pr. constituant. Acts Ja. VI. 
CONSTRE, s. Aberd. Beg. V. Consterie. 
* To CONSTRUE, v. a. To apply the rules 

of Syntax to, S. V. Rudd. Vind. Buch. 
CONTAKE, s. Contest. Douglas. 
To CONTEYNE, r. s. To continue. Wal- 
CONTEMNANDLIE, adv. Contemptuous- 
ly ; in contempt. Acts Mary. 
CONTEMPNALY, adv. Contemptuously. 
CONTEMPTION, Contempcioun, s. 1. 
Contempt. Bellenden. 2. Disobedience 
to legal authority. 
To CONTENE, v. n. To demean one's self. 

CONTENEU,s. Tenor. Complaynt Scot.— 

Fr. contenu, id. 
CONTENING,s. 1. Demeanour. Barbour. 

2. Military discipline, ibid. 
To CONTENT, v. a. To content and pay, 
i. e., to pay to the satisfaction of the cre- 
ditor; to satisfy, by full payment, accord- 
ing to the just extent of the claim. — L.B. 
content-are, satisfacere, nostris content-er. 
CONTER. A confer, to the contrary. 

Boss. — Fr. contre, against. 
To CONTER, v. a. 1. To thwart, S.B. 2. To 

contradict, ibid. V. Contrare, r. 
In Contars, prep. In opposition to ; in spite 

of, Buchan. Tarras's Poems. 
CONTER, s. Whatsoever crosses one's feel- 
ings or inclinations, S.B. V. Contrare. 
CONTERMASHOUS, Contramashous, adj. 
Perverse, Fife. Evidently corr. from E. 
CONTERMYT,£>arf./>«. Firmly set against. 

Wallace. — Fr. coutremet-tre, to oppose. 
CONTER-TREE, s. A cross bar of wood, 
a stick attached by a piece of rope to a 
door, and resting on the wall on each side, 
thus keeping the door shut from without, 
Aberd. Mearns.- — The word is evidently 
from E. counter, (Fr. contre,) against, and 
CONTIGUE, adj. Contiguous, Fr. 
To CONTINUE, v. a. 1. To delay. Spots- 
wood. 2. To prorogue. Acts Ja. III. 
CONTRACT, s. The application made to 
the clerk of the parish to enregister the 




names of a couple for proclamation of the 
bans. — " When a couple are to marry, 
the bridegroom, accompanied by the bride's 
father, and a few friends, waits upon the 
session-clerk for — getting the bans pub- 
lished. This always takes place on a Sa- 
turday evening, and is termed ' the con- 
tract night.' From the contract night to 
the afternoon of the Sunday after their 
marriage, the parties are termed bride and 
bridegroom, and, during this period, nei- 
ther must attend either wedding or fune- 
ral ; or the consequences will be, in the 
former case, that their first-born child will 
' break Diana's pales,' and in the latter, 
never be married." — Edin. Mag. Nov. 
1814, p. 411. 

To CONTRACT, x. a. To give in the names 
of a couple for proclamation of bans. 

To CONTRAFA1T, Contrafit, x. a. 1. To 
counterfeit. 2. Used also in the sense of 
E. imitate. — From L.B. contrafac-ere, id. 
contraf act-us. 

CONTRAMASHOUS,«tf/. Self-willed; op- 
posed to all, Lanarks. V. Contermashous. 

CONTRAIR, adj. Contrary, Fr. BailUe. 

CONTRAIR, prep. In opposition to, S. 

In Contrare, prep. Against; in opposition 
to ; In the contrair, to the contrary ; In 
our contrare, against or in opposition to 
us, ibid. — Fr. contraire, against; an con- 
traire, on the contrary. 

To CONTRARE, Conter, r. a. To thwart; 
to oppose, S. Wyntoivn. — Fr. contrar- 
ier, id. 

CONTRARE, s. 1 . Opposition of any kind. 
Douglas. 2. Something contrary to one's 
feelings or hopes. Moss. Conter, S.B. 

CONTRARISUM, adj. Perverse; of afro- 
ward humour, Ang. 

CONTRECOUP, s. Opposition ; a repulse 
in the pursuit of any object, Ayrs. — Fr. 
contre, against, and coup, a stroke. 

CONTRFMONT, adr. Against the hill; up- 
wards. Doug. — Fr. coyitremont, directly 
against the stream ; O.Fr. countremont, 
en haut, en remontant ; contra montem. 

To CONTROVENE, x. a. To be subjected 
to. Syn. with E. incur. Acts Ja. VI. — 
Lat. contraren-ire, to come against; like 
incurrere, to run upon. 

To CONTRUFE, v. a. To contrive ; con- 
truicit, part. pa. Douglas. — Fr. controll- 
er, id. 

CONTRUWAR, ?. A contriver. 

CONTUMACED, part. pa. " Accused of 
contumacy." Gl. Spalding. Perhaps acted 
contumaciously, or was pronounced con- 
tumacious. — From Fr. contumac-er. 

CONTUMAX, adj. Contumacious, Lat. 

CONVABLE, adj. Convenient ; eligible. 
Aberd. Reg. 

CONVEEN, s. A meeting; a convention, 
Aberd. W. Seattle's T.des. 

To CONVEL, r. a. To confute; to set aside. 

— This term is very forcible, being from 
Lat. conxell-ere, to pluck up by the roots. 

To CONVENE, Conveane, Conuein, t. n. 
To agree. Forbes. — Fr. conxen-ir ; Lat. 
conxen-ire, id. 

CONUENIABLE, adj. Convenient.— Fr. 
con tenable, id. Acts Ja. I. 

CONVENIENT, adj. Satisfied ; agreeing 
to; used as synon. with greable. Acts Ja. 
III. — Fr. conxenant, id., from conxen-ir. 

CONVETH, Conevethe, Cunveth, Cune- 
vethe, s. A duty formerly paid in S. to 
the superior or ecclesiastical superiors. — 
Apparently from Lat. contict-us, signifying 
ordinary food, meat, and drink, &c, espe- 
cially as intended for those who lived in 
society ; from con and xixo. 

CONVICT, s. A verdict or judgment finding 
a person guilty; an old forensic term. 
Acts Mary. — Lat. conxict-io. 

CONUYNE, Conuene, Conwyne, Covtne, 
Cowyne, Cuwyn, s. 1. Paction ; conven- 
tion. Douglas. — Fr. conxent, id. 2. Con- 
dition ; state. Barbour. 3. Stratagem ; 
conspiracy. Wyntown. — O.Fr. conxine, 
courine, pratique, intrigue. 

To CONVOY, v. a. To accomplish any pur- 
pose, especially by artful means. Dou- 

CONVOY, s. 1. Mode of conveyance. Bail- 
lie. 2. A trick. Poems 16th Cent. 3. Pru- 
dent or artful management. Pitscottie. 

CONVOY ANCE,s. Art; finesse. Spalding. 

* CONVOY,?. 1. The act of accompanying 
a person part of his way homeward, or on 
a journey, S. In modern E. the term is 
restricted to accompaniment for the pur- 
pose of defence. In S. the more general 
sense of the Fr. term is retained, as simply 
denoting " an accompanying," Cotgr. 2. 
The company at a marriage that goes to 
meet the bride, S.B. 3. A Scots conxoy, 
accompanying one to the door, or " o'er 
the dorestane," S. In Aberd. it is under- 
stood as signifying more than half way 
home. 4. A Kelso conxoy. V. Kelso. 

CONWOY, s. Mien ; carriage. Dunbar. 

COO'D, adj. V. Cude, Cuid. 

COODIE, Cudie, s. 1. A small tub; also 
cude. Quiddie, Aberd. Ramsay. 2. A 
wooden chamber-pot, Aberd. Gl.Shirrefs. 
— Isl. kiitte, tonnula; Gael, ciotad, a tub. 

COOF, Cufe, s. 1. A simpleton; a silly, 
dastardly fellow, S. Burns. 2. A male 
who interferes with what is properly the 
department of the female, in domestic 
duties; a cotquean, Roxb. — Su.G. kiifw-a, 
to keep under ; Isl. kueif, one who is 
cowardly and feeble. 

To COOK, Couk, x.n. 1. To appear and 
disappear by fits. Bums. 2. To hide one's 
self. Kennedy. — Isl. krik-a, moto, qrika, 
inquietamotatio; or Germ. kuck-cn, synon. 
with duck-en, spectare, prospectare. 

To COOKE, x. a. To take a long draught 
or pull of amy liquid, (pron. long,) Ettr. 




For. Obviously the same with Isl. kok-a, 
also quok-a, deglutire, from kok, quok, os, 
sive gula vel fauces, the mouth, throat, or 

COOKE, 6. A draught, properly applied 
to liquids, ibid. Synon. Glock. 

COOKIE, s. A species of fine bread used 
at tea, of a round form, S. — Teut. koeck, 
libuin ; Belg. koefde, a little cake. 

COOLIN, s. A sport, transmitted from very 
remote antiquity, which is still retained 
in the Hebrides and West Highlands of 
S. on the last night of the year. Clan- 

COOLRIFE, adj. 1. Cool; cold, S. Boss. 2. 
Indifferent, S. V. Cauldeife. 

COOM, s. 1. The wooden frame used in 
building the arch of a bridge, S. Statist. 
Ace. 2. The lid of a coffin, from its being 
arched, Fife, Roxb. Allied, perhaps, to 
Queme, q. v. 

COOM, s. 1. The dust of coals, S. 2. Small 
coal, S. Culm, E. 3. Flakes of soot 
emanating from the smoke of coals in the 
act of burning, Roxb. If coom hang from 
the bars of a grate like shreds of silk, it 
is viewed by the superstitious as fore- 
tokening the arrival of strangers, within 
twenty-four hours, provided the flakes 
fall down from the wind produced by 
clapping the hands together. If not, it is 
said that the strangers are not going to 
light down, i. e., to alight, Teviotd. 4. 
Smiddy Coom, the ashes of a blacksmith's 
furnace, Mearns. — Fr. ecume, dross. 

COOMY, adj. Begrimed with the dust of 
coals, S. The Entail. 

COOMB, s. The bosom of a hill, having a 
semi-circular form, South of S. Queen's 
Wake. — C.B. cmnm, vallis, convallis ; 
A.S. comb, combe, a valley or low plain 
between two hills. 

COOM-CEIL'D, adj. Having the arched, 
or sloping ceiling of a garret-room, S. 

To COONJER, r. a. To give a drubbing 
to, applied either to man or beast ; as, 
" to coonjer a dog," Clydes. Roxb. 

COONJERS, s. P l. A scolding, ibid. 

COOP, Coup-Cart, s. 1 . A cart made close 
with boards, S. Stat. Ace. 2. A cart, the 
box of which moves upon its shafts by 
hinges, by which means it may be emptied 
of its load without unyoking the horse, 
S. From the r. to Coup, to overturn. — 
Teut. kuype, a large vessel for containing 

To COOP, v. a. To hoop ; to bind with hoops. 
Jacobite Relics. — Teut. kuyp-en, viere, 
coassare, coaxare dolia. 

COOP, s. A small heap ; as, " A coop of 
muck," a heap of dung, Lanarks. — Germ. 
kopf, summitas ; A.S. cop, coppe, apex. 

COOPER O' STOBO. A phrase used in the 
south of S., for denoting one who excels 
another in any particular line, or who is 
father-better. It is said to have had a 

local origin, from a cooper who was un- 
rivalled in his profession. 

COOSER, s. A stallion. V. Cusser. 

COOST, Cuist, s. " He has a gude coost," 
he is strong-bodied, Liddesdale. — Isl. 
kost-r, pinguedo. 

* COOT, s. This name is given to the 
Guillemot, Colymbus Troile, Mearns. 

COOT, s. The ancle. V. Cute. 

To COOTCHER, r. a. To parcel out, 
Roxb. Shall we view this q. cot-share, 
to divide into huts or small apartments ? 

COOTH, s. A young coal-fish. V. Cuth. 

COOTHIE, adj. Kind ; affectionate, S. 

COOTIE, s. 1. A wooden kitchen dish, Ayrs. 
Local pronunciation of Coodie, Cudie,q.v. 
a small tub. It approaches more nearly, 
indeed, to Gael, ciotag, id. 2. A bucket 
shaped like a barrel, Lanarks. 

COOTIE,arf_/. Atermapplied tofowlswhose 
legs are clad with feathers, S. Burns. 

COP, Cope, .«. A cup or drinking vessel. 
Dunbar. — A.S. cop ; Isl. kopp, id. 

COPAMRY, s. A press for holding cups, 
&c. Aberd. Beg. V. Aumrie. 

COPE, s. A coffin ; " a cope of leid," a 
leaden^coffin. Knox. V. Caip. 

To COPE betuene, to divide. King Hart. 
— Fr. coup-er, to cut, to cleave. 

COPER, s. A dealer. V. Couper. 

COPHOUS, s. A place for keeping cups. — 
Isl. kopp, Dan. Belg. kop, Hisp. copa, 
Ital. coppa, Fr. coupe, scyphus, crater. 

COPY, s. Plenty ; abundance. Wyntown. 
— Lat. copia. 

COPILL, s. A variety of Coble, cohill, a 
small boat. Aberd. Beg. 

COPMANHAWIN, Copmaniiavin, s. Co- 
penhagen. Aberd. Beg. 

COPOUT. " To play copout," to drink off 
all that is in a cup or drinking vessel. 
Cap-out, S. Douglas. 

COPPER, s. A cup-bearer. PaliceofHon. 
— Evidently from A.S. cop, a cup. 

COPPIN, part. pa. Cop/pin in hetin, ele- 
vated to heaven. King's Quair. — A.S. 
cop, the summit. 

COR, Cur, Car, an inseparable particle, 
entering into the composition of a con- 
siderable number of Scottish words, those 
especially spoken in Menteith. V. Cur. 

CORANICH,Correnoth,Corrin'ocii,s. 1. 
A dirge ; a lamentation for the dead, S. 
Lyndsay. — Ir. Gael, coranach, from cora, 
a quoir; Lat. chorus. 2. A cry of alarm; 
a sort of war-cry. Bannatyne Poems. 3. 
A proclamation of outlawry by means of 
the bagpipe. Warton. 

CORBACK, s. The roof of a house, Dumfr. 
— C.B. cor, a point, batch, prominent, 
towering ; q. " the towering point" of a 
house. It may, however, be allied to S. 
ba uks. 

CORBAUDIE, s. " There comes in Cor- 
baudie," That is the obstacle ; used in 
regard to a plausible hypothesis, which is 




opposed by some great difficulty that 
occurs, Upp. Clydes. — C.B. corbicyad, a 
domineering or keeping down, Owen. 

CORBIE, Corbz, s. A raven ; Corvus corax, 
Linn., S. Henrysone. This, like the Pyat 
or Magpie, as well as the harmless crow, 
is, in the estimation of the vulgar and su- 
perstitious, a bird of evil omen. — Fr. cor- 
beau ; Ital. corto ; Lat. corv-us, id. 

CORBIE- AITS, A species of black 
oats, denominated, perhaps, from their 
dark colour, S.B. 

CORBIE MESSENGER. A messenger who 
either returns not at all, or too late ; al- 
luding to Noah's raven, S. Herniate. 

CORBIE-STEPS, s. pi. The projections of 
the stones on the slanting part of a gable, 
resembling steps of stairs, S. — Fr. corbcau, 
a corbeil in masonry. 

CORBIT,«rf/. Apparently crooked. Malt- 
land. — Fr. courbe, id., courbette, a small, 
crooked rafter. 

CORBUYLE, s. Leather greatly thick- 
ened and hardened in the preparation ; 
jacked leather. Douglas. — Fr. cuir bottilli, 
corium decoctum. 

CORCHAT, s. Crotchet, a term in music. 

CORCOLET, s. A purple dye, Shetl. 

CORCUDDOCH, adj. Kindly ; good-hu- 
moured, Aberd. V. Curcuddoch. 

CORD ALE, s. A term formerly used for the 
tackling of a ship. Aberd. Keg. — Fr. cor- 
daille, id. 

embroidery anciently worn by ladies in S. 
Inventories. — Fr. cordeliere, " knotted 
cord-worke in embroidery," Cotgr. 

CORDEVAN, adj. A term applied to seal- 
skin or horse-skin, used as leather, S. 
Corr. from Cordowan, q. v. 

CORDYT, -pret. r. Agreed. Wallace.— 
Fr. accordee. 

CORDON, s. A band; a wreath. Z.Boyd. 
— Fr. id. 

CORDONIT,;x*>-£. pa. Perhaps, wreathed. 
— Fr. cordonni, twined, plaited, wreathed, 
made into a cord. 

CORDO W AN, s. Spanish leather, Gl. Sibb. 
Tanned horse-leather, S. — From Cordova. 

CORDS, s. pi. A contraction of the muscles 
of the neck ; a disease of horses, A.Bor. 
Pol wart. 

CORE, s. Heart. To break one's core ; to 
break one's heart, Fife. — Fr. coeur, id. 

CORE, s. A company ; a body of men ; 
often used for corps. Hamilton. 

In Core. In company ; together, Aberd. — 
Isl. kor, Teut. koor, chorus. 

CORF, s. 1. A basket used for carrying 
coals from the pit, Loth. 2. Anciently a 
basket, in a general sense. 3. Basket- 
work in silver. Inventories. — Belg. korf; 
Isl. koerf; Lat. corb-is, id. 

CORF, s. A temporary building ; a shed. 
Bannatyne Poems. — A.S. craft, a vault ; 

Teut. krofte, a cave. Perhaps rather Isl. 
korbae, tuguriolum. 

CORF-HOUSE, s. A house, a shed, erected 
for the purpose of curing salmon, and for 
keeping the nets in, S.B. Courant. 

CORFT, part. pa. Corft fish are fish boiled 
with salt and water, S.B. 

To CORIE, r. a. To curry leather. V. the s. 

CORIER, s. A currier. — Fr. corroy-er, cour- 
roy-er, to curry ; whence courroyeur, a 

CORK,s. 1. An overseer; a steward : a cant 
term, Upp. Lanarks. 2. A name given by 
operative weavers to the agents of manu- 
facturers, Clydes. 3. The same term is 
applied by journeymen tailors to their 
masters, Loth. 

CORKES,s. The ancient name for the Lichen 
omphalodes, now in S. called Cudbear, q. v. 
— Gael, corcar, the Lichen tartareus, 
Lightfoot, p. 812. Shaw gives corcuir as 
signifying, " purple, a red dye." 

CORKY, adj. Airy ; brisk. Sir J. Sinclair. 

CORKY-HEADIT, adj. Light-headed ; 
giddy, Roxb. 

CORKY-NODDLE, s. A light-headed per- 
son ; or one whose wisdom floats on the 
surface, Roxb. 

GORKI E,.*. The largest kind of pin; a bod- 
kin-pin, Fife. Corking-pin, E. 

CORKIN-PREEN, s. Corking-pin, S. 

CORKIR, s. The Lechanora tartareaof the 
Highlands and Isles. V. Corkes. 

CORMOLADE, s. Perhaps rotten-hearted, 
worthless persons. — From Fr. coeur ma- 
lade. Belharen 31 S. 

CORMUNDUM. To cry Cormundum, to 
confess a fault. Kennedy. — In allusion 
to one of the Penitential Psalms. 

To CORMUNDUM, v. n. To confess a fault ; 
to own one's self vanquished ; to sue for 
peace, Ayrs. 

CORN, s. The name commonly given in Scot- 
land to oats before they are ground. In 
E. and other northern languages this word 
signifies grain in general ; but Ihre ob- 
serves that the term is especially used to 
denote that species of grain which is most 
commonly used in any particular region. 
Hence in Sweden, Iceland, &c, the term 
denotes barley, while in S., for obvious 
reasons, it is appropriated to oats. 

To CORN, v. a. 1. To give a horse the usual 
quantity of oats allotted to him, S. To 
feed, E. Burns. 2. Applied metaphori- 
cally to a man who has got such a modi- 
cum of intoxicating liquor as to be exhila- 
rated ; as, " Thae lads are weel corned," S. 

CORN-CART, s. An open spoked cart, E. 

CORNCRAIK,.*. 1 . The Crake or Land-rail ; 
Rallus crex, Linn. Houlate. 2. A hand- 
rattle, used to frighten birds from sown 
seed or growing corn ; denominated from 
its harsh sound, as resembling the cry of 
the rail. V. Craik. 




CORN-HARP, s. An instrument made of 
wire for freeing grain from the seeds of 
weeds. Agr. Surv. Nairns. and Morays. 


Apparently the stone called Cornelian. 

* CORNER, s. To put one to a corner, to 
assume precedency or authority in a house. 
Foord, Suppl. Dec. 

CORNETT, s. The ensign of a company of 
cavalry. — Fr. comette, id. Acts Ja. VI. 

CORNETTIS, s. pi. A kind of female head- 
dress distinct from the coif. Inventories. 

CORNY, adj. Fruitful or plentiful in grain; 
as, " The last was a corny year," Aberd. 

CORNIE WARE. Food,properly that made 
of grain. — Teut. koren-werck, bread, pani- 
ficium ex frumento, Kilian. 

CORNIESKRAUGH, s. The rail, a bird, 
Moray, S. Corncraik; skraugh being syn. 
with craik, as denoting a cry. 

CORNYKLE, .«. A chronicle. Wallace. 

CORN YT, Cornit, part. pa. Provided with 
grain, Acts Ja. II. 

CORNOY, s. Sorrow or trouble, Berwicks. 
■ — Supposed to be from Fr. coeur noyi, a 
troubled or overwhelmed heart. 

CORNE PIPE, s. A reed or whistle, with 
a horn fixed to it by the smaller end. 
V. Stock and Horn. 

CORP, s. A corpse ; a dead body. 

CORPERALE, Corporall, s. The linen in 
which the host was kept. Inventories. — 
Fr. corporail, the fine linen wherein the 
sacrament is put, Cotgr. 

CORPSE-SHEET, s. A shroud; a winding- 
sheet. Heart Mid-Loth. 

CORPS-PRESENT, s. A funeral gift to 
the Church, for supplying any deficiency 
on the part of the deceased. Knox. — Fr. 
corps and present-cr, q. to present the body 
for interment ; or Fr. present, a gift. 

CORRACH, Corrack, s. A pannier, Ang. 
— Su.G. korq, a pannier or basket. 

CORRENOY.'^. A disturbance in the bowels; 
a rumbling noise in the belly, Fife. — Per- 
haps from the Fr.; q. coeur ennuye, inter- 
nally disquieted ; as we speak of a heart- 

CORRIE, 8. A hollow between hills, or 
rather in a hill, Gael. ; also corehead, S. 
Statist. Ace. 

To CORRIE ON. To hold intimate corre- 
spondence in a low sort of way, to the ex- 
clusion of others; to gossip together; gen- 
erally applied to two persons, who become 
necessary to each other, and feel no want 
of enlarged society ; Lanarks. — It is not 
very remote in sense from Teut. kuyer-en, 
nuga*i, confabulari, Kilian. 
GORRIENEUCHIN, part. pr. Conversing 
tete-a-tete. Two old wives, talking very 
familiarly by themselves, are said to be 
corrieneuchin, Fife. — It is also used as a s. 
Persons are said to hold a corrieneuchin. 
Perhaps q. to corrie in the neuk or corner. 
V. preceding word. 

CORS, Corse, ?. 1. The cross or rood, S. 
Wyntown. 2. A crucifix. 3. Market- 
place, S. ; from the cross being formerly 
erected there. Picken. — Sw. kors, id. 4. 
The name sometimes given to a piece of 
silver-money, from its bearing the figure 
of a cross. 5. The designation of the 
signal formerly sent round for convening 
the inhabitants of Orkney. V. FyreCroce. 

CORS, Corss, ?. An animated body. Dou- 
glas. — Fr. corps. 

CORSBOLLIS,/^. Crossbows. ComplayntS. 

CORSES, s. pi. Money, from its bearing 
the figure of the cross. Dunbar. 

CORSGARD, s. Used metaphorically to 
denote a place of residence. — Fr. corps de 
garde, " a court of gard, in a campe, or 
fort," Cotgr. 

CORSYBELLY, s. A shirt for a child, 
open before, S.B. Boss. — Q. a shirt that 
is folded across the belly. 

CORSPRESAND,*. Syuon. Corps-present. 

To CORSS, Corse, r. a. 1. To cross, to 
lay one body athwart another — Sw. kor- 
sad, crossed. Seren. 2. To cross, to go 
across, Buchan. Tarras. 3. To thwart, 
Gl. ibid. 

CORSSY, adj. Big-bodied ; corpulent. 

CORTER, s. 1. A quarter. Corr. from 
quarter, Aberd. 2. A cake, because quar- 
tered, ibid. Journal Lond. 

Crown of the Corter, 1. The rectangular 
corner of the quarter of an oaten cake, 
Aberd. 2. Metaph. the principal or best 
part of any thing, ibid. 

CORTES, Cortis, s. pi. The designation 
given to a species of French coin, of the 
supposed value of a farthing, brought into 
Scotland in former ages. Acts Ja. III. 

CORT STOP, a vessel for holding a quart. 

CORUIE, s. A crooked iron for pulling 
down buildings. Hudson. — Fr. corbeau, 
" a certaine warlike instrument," Cotgr. 

CORUYN, s. A kind of leather. Douglas. 
Corr. from Cordoican, q. v. 

COSCH, Coshe, s. A coach. Bruce.— 
Fr. coche. 

To COSE, Coss, Coiss, v. a. To exchange. 
Coss, Loth. Berwicks. Wallace. 

COSH, adj. Denoting such a position that 
a hollow is left below an object, Gallo- 
way. V. Tosch, Tosche, adj. 

COSH, adj. 1. Neat; snug; as denoting a 
comfortable situation, S. Ferguson. 2. 
Comfortable; as including the idea of de- 
fence from cold, Ayrs. Picken. 3. Quiet; 
without interruption, S. Minst. Border. 
4. In a state of intimacy, S. — Isl. kios, a 
small place well fenced. 

COSHLY, adv. Snugly, S. Ferguson. 

COSIE, s. A straw-basket. V. Cassie. 

COSIE, Cozie, adj. Warm ; comfortable ; 
snug; well-sheltered, S. Burns. This 
seems radically the same with Cosh. 

To Look Cozie, to have the appearance 




of being comfortable ; to exhibit symp- 
toms of good-humour, Fife, Dumfr. — 
Gael, coisagach, snug. V. Colsie. 
COSIELY, adv. Snugly ; comfortably, S. 

COSINGNACE, Consignance, s. 1. A re- 
lation by blood; a cousin. Bellenden. 2. 
A grand-daughter, or a niece, ibid. 
To COSS, v. a. To exchange. V. Cose. 
COSSING,s. The act of exchanging. Skene. 
COSSNENT, s. To work at cossnent, to re- 
ceive wages without victuals, S. To work 
black cossnent, to work without meat or 
wages, Ayr. — Fr. const aneanti, cost abro- 
gated, q. expenses not borne. 
COST, s. Side. V. Coist. 
COST, s. 1. Duty payable in kind, as dis- 
tinguished from that paid in money. It 
frequently occurs in old writs or rentals 
in Orkney, corresponding with Cane in 
our old deeds, S. Acts J a. VII. 2. This 
term seems latterly to have been, in Ork- 
ney, in a special manner appropriated to 
meal and malt, ibid. 3. It is also used, 
in Orkney, to denote the sustenance given 
to a servant, as distinct from money ; as, 
" I got so much money in wages, besides 
my cost," i. e., what is given for subsis- 
tence in kind, such as a certain quantity 
of meal per week. This is evidently the 
same with Coist. 
COSTAGE, s. Expense. Douglas. 
To COST AY, v. n. To coast. Wyntoirn. 
COSTER, s. A piece of arable land.— Per- 
haps from L.B. coster-ium, a corner of 
COT, s. Perhaps coat or covering. 
To COT with one, v. n. To cohabit, S.B. 

q. to live in the same cot. 
COTE,?. A rate. Cote of a testament, the 
rate or quota due, according to the value 
of the legacies. Acts J a. V. 
COTERAL, s. An elastic piece of thin split 
iron, put through any bolt to prevent it 
from losing hold, as the end opens after 
passing through the orifice, Berwicks. 
COTHIE, adj. Warm; snug; comfortable, 
Perths. Synon. with Cosle. Of the same 
stock with Couth, Couthie, q. v. Duff's 
COTHIELY,flrfr. Snugly, Fife. Campbell. 
COTHRUGH,rtrf/. Rustic,&c. V.Codroch. 
COTLANDER, s. A cottager who keeps a 
horse for ploughing his small piece of 
land, E.Loth. — From O.E. Gotland. 
COTMAN, s. A cottager, Galloway. 
COTT TAIL. V. Coat-tail. 
COTTAR, Cotter, s. One who inhabits a 
cot, or cottage, dependent on a farm, S. 
Statist. Ace. — L.B. cottar-ins; Fr. cottier, 
id. Hence S. cotterman, cotterfouk, &c. 
COTTAR- WARE", s. Stipulated work done 
by cottagers to the farmer on whose land 
they dwell, S. Agr. Surv. Caithn. 
To COTTER, r. n. To get a piece of ground 
free of rent for one year, to raise potatoes; 

the manure and culture being considered 
an equivalent for the use of the ground. 
The person who thus raises potatoes is 
said to cotter. 
To COTTER eggs; to drop them into a pan, 
and stir them round with a little butter, 
till they be in an edible state, S. — Allied, 
perhaps, to Teut. koter-en, fodicare. 
COTTERIE, s. Apparently provision as to 
a place of habitation. Agr. Surv. Intern. 
COTTOWN, Cotton, Cottar-town, s. A 
small village, or hamlet, possessed by 
cottars, or cottagers, dependent on the 
principal farm, S. Agr. Surv. Forfars. 
COVAN, s. A convent. Dunbar. An- 
ciently written coxent. Sir Gaican. — In 
S. caivin is still used for convent. 

COUAT YSE,Covetise,Cowatyss,s. 1. Cove- 
tousness. Doug. — O.Fr. couvoitise, id. 2. 
Ambition, or the lust of power. Barbour. 

COUBROUN, adj. Low-born, or rustic. 

To COUCHER, r. a. To be able to do what 
another cannot accomplish, who contends 
in a trial of strength or agility. He who 
fails is said to be coucher'd, S. — Fr. 
couch-er ; Teut. koets-en, cubare. 

COUCHER, s. A coward; a poltroon, S. 
Rutherford. — From the E. v. couch, Fr. 

COUCHER'S BLOW. 1. The blow given 
by a cowardly and mean fellow, imme- 
diately before he gives up, S. 2. It is 
also used in a passive sense, as denoting 
the parting blow to which a dastard sub- 
mits ; as, I gied [gave] him the coucher- 
blow, S.O.; i. e., he submitted to receive 
the last blow. 

COUDIE, adj. V. Couth. 

To COUDLE, r. n. To float ; as a feather 
alternately rising and sinking with the 
waves, Roxb. — C.B. cod-i, signifies to 
rise, to lift up, cawd, what is raised up. 

COVE, s. A cave, S. A.Bor. Bellenden.— 
A.S. cofe, Isl. hfe, id. 

COVERATOUR, s. A coverlet for a bed. 
Inventories. — Fr. couverture, id. 

COVETTA, s. A plane used for moulding 
framed work, called also a Quarter- 
round, S. 

To COUGHER, (gutt.) v. n. To continue to 
cough. Used in this form, Cougherin' and 
Blocherin\ Evidently a derivative from E. 
cough, orTeut. kuch-en,id. V. Blocher,t. 

COUGHT, for couth. Could. S. P. Rep. 

COUHIRT, s. Cow-herd. Dunbar. 

COVINE, s. Fraud ; artifice. " But fraud 
or covine," South of S. — This is an old 
Scottish law phrase. V. Conuyne. 

COVIN-TREE, s. A large tree in the front 
of an old Scottish mansion-house, where 
the laird always met his visiters, Roxb. 
Similar to Trysting-Tree. V. Conuyne. 

To COUK, v. n. To retch. V. Cook. 

To COUK, r. n. A term used to denote the 
sound emitted by the cuckoo. Montgo- 




COUL, (prou. like E. cool,) s. A night- 
cap; in some places Coulle, S. Apparently 
from E. Cowl, a hood worn by monks. 

COULIE, Cowlie,s. 1. A boy, S. Su.G. 
kullt, id. 2. A term applied to a man in 
the language of contempt, S. Cleland. 

COULPE, s. A fault. Complaynt S.—Fr. 
coulpe, Lat. cidp-a. 

CQTJJjPIT, part. pq. Apparently, bartered, 
for coapit. Maitland Poems. 

COULTER-NEB, s. A sea-fowl and bird 
of passage, Western Isles. V. Bouger. 

COULTER-NIBBIT, adj. Having a long 
nose. Perils of Man. 

COUMIT-BED, s. A bed formed of deals 
on all sides, except the front, which is 
hung with a curtain, Roxb. — This, I 
think, is the same with Alcoxe-bed, from 
S. Coom, as denoting the arched form of 
the front. Coom may be allied to C.B. 
cwm, a rounding together, Owen. 

COUNCIL-POST, s. A term, in Scotland, 
for a special messenger, such as was for- 
merly sent with despatches by the Lords 
of the Council, BoswelVs Journal. 

To COUNGEIR, r, a. To conjure. Abp. 

COUNGERAR, s. A conjurer, ibid. 

To COUNJER, v. a. To intimidate or still 
by threatening, Clydes. V. Coonjer. 

COUNYIE, s. Perhaps, motion. Dunbar. 
— Fr. coign-er, to beat, to strike. 

COUNT, s. An accompt, S. 

COUNTER, s. A person learning arithme- 
tic. " A gude counter," one who is skil- 
ful in casting accounts, S. V. Counting. 

COUNTERCHECK, Countercheck-plane, 
s. A tool for working out that groove 
which unites the two sashes of a window 
in the middle, S. 

To COUNTERCOUP, r. a, 1. To overcome ; 
to surmount, Ayrs. 2. To repulse, ibid. 
3. To overturn, ibid. 4. To destroy, ibid. 

To COUNTERFACTE, i: n. To counter- 
feit. Acts J a. VI. 

COUNTING, s. The common name for the 
science of arithmetic; as, " I gat nae mair 
learning than reading, writing, and count- 
ing," S. 

To COUNT KIN with one, to compare one's 
pedigree with that of another. It is 
common for one who has perhaps been 
spoken of disrespectfully, in regard to his 
relations, to say of the person who has 
done so, " I'll count kin u-V him whenever 
he likes," S. — This evidently refers to 
the genealogical accounts kept of families, 
especially in feudal times. 

COUNT YR, Cowntir, s. 1. Encounter. 
Douglas. 2. A division of an army en- 
gaged in battle. Wallace. 

COUNTRY, s. In the Highlands of S. 
country is used to denote a particular 
district, though very limited. Clan-Albin. 

COUNTRY DANCE, a particular kind of 
dance, viewed as of Scottish origin, in 

which a number of couples form double 
rows, and dance a figure from the top to 
the bottom of the room, S. Ross. 

COUNTRY-KEEPER, s. One employed 
in a particular district to apprehend de- 
linquents, S. Tales of my Landlord. 

COUNTRY-SIDE, s. The common term 
with the vulgar in S., for a district or 
tract of country. Antiquary. 

COUP,s. Leg. Caup, i.e., cap or bowl. Hoqg. 

To COUP, Cowp, v. a. 1. To exchange,'to 
barter, S. A.Bor. 2. To expose to sale, 
Roxb. 3. To buy and sell ; to traffic ; 
commonly used in this sense, Aberd., but 
only of an inferior kind of trade. — Su.G. 
koep-a, id. ; Isl. kaup-a, vendere. 

COUP, s. 1. Exchange, S. Maitland P. 
2. A good bargain ; any thing purchased 
below its just value. Gl. Sure. Moray. — 
Sw. koep, purchase, bargain. 3. A com- 
pany of people. The term is used rather 
in contempt ; as, " I never saw sic a filthy 
ill-manner'd coup," Fife. 4. The haill 
coup, the whole of any thing, S. 

To COUP, Cowp, v. a, To overturn; to 
overset, S. Knox. 

To COUP, v. n, 1. To be overset; to tumble, 
S. Muse's Threnodie. 2. Used metaph. 
as signifying to fail in business; to become 
bankrupt, S. Train. — Sw. gupp-a, to 
tilt up. 

COUP, Cowp, s. 1. A fall, S. Oquppis, S.B. 
Lyndsay. 2. A sudden break in the stra- 
tum of coals, S. Statist. Ace. 

To COUP oicre, v. a. To overturn. This 
idiom is very common, S. Jac. Belies. 

To COUP owre, v. n. 1. To be overset, S. 
2. To fall asleep ; a phrase often used by 
the vulgar, especially in relation to one's 
falling asleep in a sitting posture, S. 3. 
A vulgar phrase applied to a woman, 
when confined in childbed. The prep, is 
sometimes prefixed ; as, She's just at the 
o'er-coupin', S.; i.e., She is very near the 
time of childbirth. 

To COUP CARLS, to tumble heels over 
head, (synon. to Coup the Creels), Gallo- 
way. — Allied, perhaps, to Gael, cairl-eam, 
to tumble, to toss, cairle, tumbled. 

To COUP THE CRANS. 1. To be over- 
turned, S. Bob Boy. 2. It is also occa- 
sionally used to denote the misconduct of 
a female, S. 

To COUP THE CREELS. 1. To tumble 
heels over head, S. Bob Boy. 2. To bring 
forth an illegitimate child, Roxb. To 
cast a lagen-gird, synon., S. 3. To die, 

COUP-THE-LADLE, s. The play of see- 
saw, Aberd. 

COUP-CART, Cowp-cart, s. V. Coor. 

COUPAR. A town in Angus referred to 
in a common S. proverb, " He that will to 
Coupar maun to Coupar." The idea is, 
that when the will is obstinately set on 
any course, it is an indication of necessity, 




and is sometimes to be viewed as a symp- 
tom of fatality. 

* COUPE-JARRET, .*. One who ham- 
strings another. Waverley. — Fr. couper 
lejarret, to hough, to cut the hams. 

COUPEN,s. A fragment. V. Cowpon. 

COUPER, Coper, s. 1. A dealer ; as, 
horse-couper, coic-couper. Chalmer. Air. 
Cope-man occurs in O.E. in the sense of 
purchaser, chafferer, or chapman in mo- 
dern language. 2. One who makes mer- 
chandise of souls. R tithe r ford. 

COUPER-WORD, s. The first word in de- 
manding boot in a bargain ; especially 
applied to horse-dealers, Roxb. From 
couper, a dealer. 

COUP-HUNDED, adj. Unexplained. 

COUPIT, part. pa. Confined to bed from 
illness of any kind, Loth. Roxb. 

COUPLE, Cuppil,s. A rafter, S. Wyntown 
— C.B. kupul ty, id. 

COUPLE-YILL,' Kipple-yill, s. A pota- 
tion given to house-carpenters at putting 
up the couples, or rafters, on a new house, 

To COUR, r. n. To stoop ; to crouch, S. 
Cower, E. 

To COUR, r. n. To recover. V. Cower. 

COURAGE-BAG, s. A modest designa- 
tion for the scrotum, Galloway. 

COURANT,? . A severe reprehension; the 
act of scolding, Duuifr. 

COURCHE, s. A covering for a woman's 
head, S. Curchey, Dunbar. Wallace. — 
Fr. courre-chef. 

COURERS, CvRKVLS, Covers. Gl.Sibb. 

COURIE, adj. Timid ; easily alarmed, 
Peebles. Apparently from the v. to Cour. 

V. ClJRR. 

COURIE, s. A small stool, Lansrks. Y. 


COURSABLE, Cursable, adj. Current. 
COURTHAGIS, 8. pi. CnTtams,Aberd.Beg. 

Probably a contr. from Fr.courtinages, id. 
COURTIN, s. A yard for holding straw, 

Berw. — Probably an oblique use of O.Fr. 

curtin, a kitchen-garden. 
COUSIGNANCE, s. A relation by blood. 


COUSIGNES, s. A female cousin-german. 
" It was the custom to say Cousigne for 
the male, and Cousignes for the female." 
Keith's Hist. This espl. the proper mean- 
ing of Cosingnace, q. v. 

COUSIN-RED, s. Consanguinity; kindred; 
South of S. — A term strangely compound- 
ed, cousin being from Lat. consanguinetis, 
and red, contracted from A.S. raeden, con- 
ditio, status, as in manrcd, kindred, &c. 

COUT, Cowt, .«. A young horse, S. Corr. 
from colt. 

To COUTCH, r. a. To lay out, or lay down, 
applied to land in regard to a proper and 
convenient division among joint proprie- 
tors or possessors, Stirling's. Fr. couch-er, 
to lay down. It is used as to gardening. 

COUTCH, s. A portion of land lying in 
one division, in contradistinction from that 
which is possessed in r unrig, Stirlings. 

lands, as properly laid together, by lot. 

COUTCHACK, Cutchack, s. The clearest 
part of a fire, S.B. Tarras. " A small 
blazing fire;" Gl. 

To COUTCHER down, v. n. To bow down; 
to crouch, Roxb. 

COUTCRIT, part. pa. Inlaid; stuffed. Dou- 
glas. — Fr. couch-er, to lay. 

COUT-EVIL. A disease incident to young 
horses, Border. E. strangles. -Polieart. 

COUTH, au.r. r. Could. ' Barbour.— A.S. 
cuthe, novi, from cunn-an, noscere. 

COUTH, part. pa. Known. Douglas. 

COUTH, s. Enunciated sound ; a word. 
Popular Ball. — Is\. qwaede, syllaba, 
qwed-a, effari. 

COUTH, Couthy, Coudy, adj. 1. Affable; 
facetious; familiar, S. Ramsay. 2. Loving; 
affectionate, S. Burns. 3. Comfortable. 
Popular Ball. 4. Pleasant to the ear, 
S.B. Ross. 5. In a general sense, opposed 
to solitary, dreary, as expressing the 
comfort of society, though in a state of 
suffering. 6. Ominous of evil : no coudy 
denotes what is supposed to refer to the 
invisible world, or to a dreary place which 
fancy might suppose to be haunted, Ang. — 
A.S.™M,familiaris; Tent. AocM ?</,facetus. 

COUTHILY, adv. 1. Kindly, familiarly, 
S. Boss. 2. Comfortably ; agreeably, in 
regard to situation. Boss. 

COUTHY-LIKE, adj. Having the appear- 
ance of being kind, familiar, or agreeable, 
S. Boss. 

COUTH INESS, Coudiness, s. Facetious- 
ness; kindness, S. 

COUTHLESS, adj. Cold; unkind.— From 
couth, and less, as signifying, without af- 

COUTRI BAT, s. Confused struggle ; a tu- 
mult, Ettr. For. Read Cautribat, often 
applied to dogs'quarrels. — Pehaps q. cout- 
rippet, disturbance made by colts ; or Isl. 
kocttr, felis, and rifbalde, violentus; q. au 
uproar of cats. 

COUTTERTHIRL, s. The vacuity between 
the coulter and the ploughshare, S. V. 

COW, s. A rude shed erected over the mouth 
of a coal-pit, Dumfr.— Su.G. koja, Belg. 
kooi, kou, kutiw, Germ, koie, tuguriolum. 

COW, Kow, .". A twig of any shrub or 
plant, S. Priests Peblis. 2. Used to de- 
note a bush. Minst. Bord. 3. A besom 
made of broom, S. Warton. 4. An in- 
strument of correction, like E. birch, S. 
5. The fuel used for a temporary fire, S. 
Boss. 6. The act of pruning, viewed 
metaph., S. Burns. 

COW, KoWjS. 1. A scarecrow, S. Hamil- 
ton. Hence the compound word a wor- 
rie-cow. 2. A hobgoblin, S. Philotus. 



COVv r 

To Play Kow. To act the part of a gob- 
lin. Boull. — From E. cow, to intimidate; 
or Isl. kui/, suppressio. 

COW. Brown Cow, a ludicrous designation 
given by the vulgar to a barrel of beer or 
ale, from its colour, as contradistinguish- 
ed from that of milk, S. Ramsay. 

To COW, v. a. 1. To depress with fear. 2. 
To upbraid; to rate; to scold an equal or 
superior; not used of an inferior, Dumfr. 
— Su.G. kufic-a, Isl. id.; also kug-a, sup- 
primere, insultare. 

To COW, v. a. To exceed ; to surpass ; to 
excel ; as, " That coics a'," that exceeds 
every thing, Clydes. Loth. Fife, Mearns. 
— Allied perhaps to Su.G. kufw-a, suppri- 

To COW, v. a. 1. To poll the head, S. Bel- 
lenden. 2. To clip short, in general. Pol- 
wart. 3. To cut; to prune; to lop off. V. 
Coll, v. To cow out, to cut out. 4. To 
eat up as food, S. Popul. Ball. 5. To 
be cowit, to be bald. Dunbar. 6. It occurs 
as signifying shaven ; applied to the 
Roman tonsure. Cleland. — Isl. koll-r, 
tonsum caput. 7. Often used metaph.,S., 
like E. snib. Mamsay. 

COWAN, s. A fishing boat. Wodroic— 
Su.G. kogge, C.B. cwch, linter. 

COWAN, Cowaner, s. 1. One who does the 
work of a mason, but has not been regu- 
larly bred, S. 2. One who builds dry 
walls, S. Statist. Acc.—Sa.G. kujon, 
homo iinbellis ; Fr. colon, a base fellow ; 
from Su.G. kufw-a, supprimere, insultare. 

To COWARDIE, r. a. To surpass, espe- 
cially in athletic exercises, Mearns. Syn. 
Cufie, Fife, and Voucher, S. — Fr. couard- 
er; but Su.G. kufw-a, supprimere, insul- 
tare, is certainly the radical term. 

COWARDIE, s. The act by which one is 
surpassed in such exertions, Mearns. Cufie, 
Fife, id. 

CO WART, s. Covert. Wallace. 

COWARTRY,s. Cowardice. Bcllenden. 

COWATYSS. V. Couatyse. 

COW-BAILLIE, s. 1. The male servant on 
a farm who lays provender before the 
cows, and keeps them clean, Berwicks. 
This designation is sometimes given in 
contempt to a ploughman who is slovenly 
and dirty. V. Byreman. 2. A ludicrous 
designation for a cow-herd, Upp. Clydes.; 
q. one whose magistratical authority does 
not extend beyond his drove. 

CO WBECK, s. The name given to a mixture 
of hair and wool ; a hat made of this 
stuff. Bates. 

To COWBLE, v. n. To shog ; as, " The ice 
is a' coxcblin, Roxb. — This differs only in 
pronunciation from Coble, q. v. 

COW-CAKES, s. pi. Wild parsnip, Roxb. 
Loth. — The Heracleum sphondylium of 
Linn, is called the Cow parsnip. But this 
seems rather to be the Pastinaca sylves- 

COW-CARL, s. A bugbear; one who inti- 
midates others, Dumfr. 

COW-CRAIK, s. A mist with an easterly 
wind ; as " The cow-craik destroys a' the 
fruit," Lanarks. 

COWCLYNK, s. A harlot. Lyndsay.— 
Perhaps from cow, and clink, money ; q. 
one who prunes the purse. 

CO W-CLOOS, s. pi. Common trefoil, S.B. 

Trifolium pratense, Linn. 
To CO WD, v. n. 1. To float slowly, with 
the motion affected a little by slight 
waves; as, " The boat cowds finely awa," 
Upp. Clydes. 2. It is also expl. to swim,ib. 

CO WD, s. 1 . " A short and pleasant sail," 
ibid. 2. " A single gentle rocking, or mo- 
tion, produced by a wave," ibid. 3. The 
act of swimming, ibid. 

CO WD A, $. A small cow, Roxb. Cowdie, 
Dumfr. " Cowdy, a little cow, a Scotch 
runt without horns, North ;" Gl. Grose. 
V. Cowdach. 

COWDACH, s. A heifer. Cuddoch, Gal- 
loway ; expl. " a big stirk ; a little nolt 
beast." — This seems formed from Quoyach 
by the insertion of the letter d,euphoniae 
causa. V. Cuddoch and Quey. 

CO WDAS, s. pi. Heifers ; pi. of Cowdach. 

CO WDER,.i. "A boat that sails pleasantly," 
Clydes. ibid. — Most probably a C.B. word, 
transmitted from the Welsh inhabitants 
of Clydesdale; cwyd-aw, to stir, move, or 

To COWDLE,i\ n. A diminutive from Cotcd, 
" expressive of rather more motion pro- 
duced by the waves," Clydes, ibid. 

COWDOTHE, s. Some kind of pestilence. 

COWDRUM, s. 1. A beating; as," Ye'll get 
cowdrum for that ;" you will get a beating, 
Mearns. 2. Severe reprehension, ibid. — 
Perhaps from Teut. kudde, clava, and 
drumm-cr, premere. 

To COWER, Cowyr, Cour, r. a. To re- 
cover. Barbour. — Abbrev. from Fr. re- 
coil rrir. 

COWERING, s. Recovery. Barbour. 

COW-FEEDER, s. A dairyman who sells 
milk ; one who keeps cows, feeding them 
for their milk in the meantime, and to be 
sold when this fails, S. H. Mid-Loth. 

COWFYNE, s. A ludicrous term. Ever- 

COW-FISH, s. The Mactra lutraria, Mya 
arenaria, or any other large oval shell- 
fish, Orkney. 

COW-GRASS, s. A species of clover. 

COW-HEAVE, s. The herb Tussilago, Sel- 
kirks. Perhaps originally cow-hoof, from 
a supposed resemblance to the/<oo/of aco?r. 

COWHUBBY, s. A cow-herd. Evergreen. 
— Belg. koe, a cow, and hobb-en, to toil; q. 
a cow-herd. 

COWIE, .?. The name given to the seal in 
the Firth of Tay, from its round cowed 
head, without any apparent ears, and as 
resembling an animal that has no horns. 




COWIE, s. A cow wanting horns. V.Cow,r. 

COWIE, adv. Very ; as coivie iced, very 
well, Lanarks. 

COWIE, adj. Odd ; queer, Lanark.?. 

COW-ILL, s. Any disease to which a cow 
is subject, S. Antiquary. 

CO WIN', s. An alarm; a fright, S. From the 
v. cow, to depress. St. Patrick. 

CO WINS, pi. Apparently what is cowed, 
cut or broken off, Renfr. A. Wilson. 

CO WIT, part. pa. 1. Closely cut. 2. Hay- 
ing short and thin hair. V. Cow, r. 

To COWK, Kouk, r. n. To retch ineffec- 
tually, in consequence of nausea, S.B. — 
Germ, koch-en, id. ; Isl. kuok-a, gula niti. 

COWKIN, s. A beggar; a needy wretch. 
Dunbar. — Fr. coquin, id. 

COW-LADY-STONE. A kind of quartz, 
Roxb. V. Collady Sto.xe. 

COWLICK, s. A tuft of hair on the head, 
which cannot be made to lie in the same 
direction with the rest of the hair, S — 
From its resemblance to hair licked by a 

COWLIE, s. A man who picks up a girl 
on the street, is called her Cowlie, Edin. 
Most probablv a corr. pronunciation of 
E. cully. 

COWMACK, s. An herb supposed to have 
great virtue in making the cow desire 
the male, S.B. 

COWMAN, 5. A name for the devil, S. V. 
Cow, s. 

COWNTIR, I. Rencounter. Wallace. 

COWNTYR PALYSS, Contrary to. Wal- 
lace. — Fr. contrepale, a term in heraldry, 
signifying that one pale is opposed to 

COWOID,;»-<:'f. Convoyed. Leg. donwoid. 

COWPAR, s. A horse-dealer, S. 

COWPENDOCH, Cowpendow,?. A young 


COWPES, Cowpis, s. pi. Baskets for 
catching fish, S. Acts Ja. III. A.Bor. 
coop, id. — Teut. kuype, septa. 

COWPER-JUSTICE. Trying a man after 
execution ; the same with Jedddri, or 
Jedburgh Justice, S. Clcland. 

COW-PLAT, s. Cow's dung dropped by the 
animal in the field, Clydes. Roxb. Synon. 
Flat. — Perhaps from Teut. plat, planus, 
because of its flat form. 

COWPON, s.\. A fragment, a shred, S. 
R. Bruce. 2. In pi. shatters, shivers ; 
pron. Coopins, Aberd. — Fr. coupon, L.B. 
copo, a piece cut off from a thing. 

COW-QUAKE, s. 1. An affection of cattle, 
caused by the chilness of the weather, S. 
Kelly. 2. The name is transferred, on 
the East coast of Loth., to the cold east- 
erly wind in May, which produces the 
disease. The disease itself is also called 
Blasting; as, in consequence of it, the 
skin apparently adheres to the ribs, Roxb. 
3. A very cold day in summer, Clydes. 

COW'S BACKRIN. Cow's dung dropped in 
the fields, Galloway. Synon. Puslick, 
Dumfr. — A.S. bac, tergum, and ryne, pro- 
fluvium ; q. what is ejected from behind. 

COW'S BAND. It was an ancient custom, 
in Dumfr. and Galloway, and perhaps in 
other counties in S., that when a man 
borrowed money he gave the cow's band 
in pledge ; which was reckoned as legal 
an obligation as a bill. 

COWSCHOT, s. A ringdove. V. Kowshot. 

COW-SHARN, s. Cow's dung. V. Sharx. 

COWSHOT, s. The name given to certain 
kinds of marl, of a gray or brown colour. 

COWSLEM, s. An ancient name given to 
the evening star, Roxb. 

CO WSMOUTH, s. The vulgar name for the 
cowslip, or Primula, Loth. 

COW'S THUMB. " Ye're no a cow's thumb 
frae't," a phrase used to denote that one 
has hit on the proper plan of doing any 
thing, that it exactly corresponds with 
one's wish, Stirlings. 

COWT, s. A strong stick ; a rung, Fife. 
Apparently the same with Cud, q.v. 

COW-THE-GOWAN, s. A compound term 
used in the South of S. for a fleet horse, 
for one that cuts the ground. It is also 
said of such a horse, He coils the gowans. 

COWZIE, adj. 1. Boisterous ; as, a cou-zie 
day, one distinguished by a high wind, 
Renfrews. 2. Inspiring fear ; as, a cowzie 
carle,tk terrific old man, ibid. — Dan. kysen 
signifies frightful, terrible, horrid, &c, 
from kys-er to fright, to scare or terrify. 

COXY, adj. Coxcomical, S. Bamsay. 

To COZA1N, r. a. To barter or exchange 
one thing for another, Orkn. This is evi- 
dently from the same source with Cos?, 
Loth., id. V. Cose. 

COZY, adj. Snug. V. Cosie. 

To CRAB, Crabe, v. n. To fret. Banna- 
tyne Poems. — Belg. kribbig, Su.G. krepsk, 

To CRAB, v. a. To irritate ; to provoke. 
Lyndsay. — Teut. krabb-en, lacerare un- 

CRACK, s. A blow producing a sharp sound, 
S. Syn. Clink — from Teut. crack, crepitus. 

CRACK, adj. Crack-brained, Aberd. 

To CRACK, v. a. I. To crack credit, to lose 
character and confidence in any respect, S. 
Z. Boyd. 2. To crack tryst, to break an 

CRACK, s. In a crack, immediately, S. 
Ramsay. — Crack is sometimes used with- 
out the prep, in before it, although pre- 
cisely in the same sense, S. " Ablins ye 
ne'er heard o' the highlandman and the 
gauger, I'll no be a crack o' tellin' it." 
Saxon and Gael, i. 37. — Fr. crac, id. 

To CRACK, Crak, t. n. 1. To talk boast- 
ingly. Evergreen. 2. To talk freely and 
familiarly, S. Ramsay. 3. To talk toge- 
ther in a confused manner ; often as also 
implying extension of voice, S. 4. To 




talk idly, S. — Germ, kraken, to make a 
noise ; or Fr. craquer, to boast. 

CRACK, Crak,s. 1. Boasting, S. Dunbar. 
2. Chat ; free conversation, S. Ross. 3. 
Any detached piece of entertaining con- 
versation, S., ibid. 4. A rumour ; gener- 
ally used in pi. Ramsay. 5. Idle or un- 
meaning conversation ; " idle cracks," S. 

CRACKER, Crakkar, s. A boaster. Lynd- 
say. — Belg. Jcraecker, id. 

CRACKER, s. A hard water-biscuit, Roxb. 
Apparently a cant term, from the noise 
made in breaking it. 

CRACKER, s. The lash of a whip, Aberd. 

CR ACKERHE ADS, s. pi. The roots of big 
tangles, or Alga marina, eaten by young 
people, Ang. 

CRACKET, s. The cricket, Dumfr. 

CRACKY, adj. 1. Talkative; often denot- 
ing the effect of one's being elevated by 
means of strong drink, S. 2. Affable ; 
agreeable in conversation, S. 

CRACKIE, Crakie, s. A small, low, three- 
legged stool, having a hole in the middle 
of the seat, by means of which it is lifted ; 
used in cottages, often Crackie-stool, B.oxb., 

CRACKLINGS, s. pi, 1. The refuse of tal- 
low, S. Acts J a. VI. 2. Tallow, when 
first bruised by the candlemaker, in its 
impure state, S. — Su.G. krak, quisquiliae. 

CRACKMASSIE, s. A term applied to one 
who is chargeable with vain boasting. 
You are talking crachnassie ; You speak 
like a braggadocio, Loth. 

CRACK-TRYST, s. One who does not fulfil 
an engagement to meet with another ; 
properly implying that time and place 
have been fixed, S. From Crack to break, 
and Tryst, q. v. 

CRADDEN, s. A dwarf, Lanarks.— Gael. 
cruitecan, id. cruitin, a humpbacked man, 

CRADEUCH (gu(t.), s. A diminutive per- 
son, Upp. Clydes. — Gael, craite signifies 

CRADILL, " Ane cradill of glass," a bas- 
ket, or crate of glass ; apparently from the 
form. Aberd. Reg. 

CRADLE-CHIMLAY, s. The name given 
to the large grate, of an oblong form, open 
at all sides for the emission of the heat, 
which is used in what is called a round- 
about fireside; denominated from its re- 
semblance to a cradle, S. V. Round- 

* CRAFT, s. A corporation, S. Siller Gun. 

CRAFT, s. Croft ; a piece of ground ad- 
joining to a house. Picken. — A.S. croft, id. 

CRAFTER, Crofter, s. One who rents a 
small piece of land, S. Aqr. Surv. Peeb. 

CRAFTISCHILDER, s. pi. Workmen ; 
craftsmen. Aberd. Reg. V. Childer. 

CRAG, Crage, Craig, s. 1. The neck, S. 
Complaynt S. 2. The throat, S. Ferguson. 
— Teut. kraeghe, jugulus. 

Lang Craig. " A cant term for a purse," 
Aberd. Gl. Shirrefs. 

CRAGBANE,?. The collar-bone. Wallace. 

CRAGE CLAITH, s. A neckcloth ; a cra- 
vat, S. — Sw. krageclud, id. 

CRAYAR, Crear, s. A kind of lighter, or 
bark. ActsMarie. — L.B.cra«ra,id.; Sw. 
It. jure, a small vessel with one mast ; 
Dan. kreiert, a sloop, a small vessel. It 
is used by various O.E. writers. V. Todd's 
Johns., vo. Cray. 

CRAID, s. Perhaps, yellow clover. — Gael. 
criadh signifies earth, clay. But see Croyd. 

CRAIG, s. A rock, S. Ra msa y.—C.B. 
kraig, Gael, creaq, rupes. 

CRAIGAGEE,«(7/: Wry-necked. V.Agee. 

CRAIGED, adj. Having a neck or throat, 
S. Ramsay. 

CRAIG-FLOOK, s. A species of flounder. 

CRAIG-HERRING, s. The Shad, ibid. 

CRAIGHLING, adj. Coughing. Entail. 

CRAIGY, adj. Rockv. Ramsay. 

CRAIGLUGGE, 5. The point of a rock, 
S. Brand. 

CRAIGSMAN, Cragsman, s. One who 
climbs craigs or cliffs overhanging the sea, 
for the purpose of procuring sea-fowls or 
their eggs, S., Shetl. Antiquary. 

CRAIK, s. A kind of little ship. Douglas. 

To CRAIK, r. n. 1. Used to denote the cry 
of a hen after laying, or when dissatisfied, 
S. Polwart, 2. To call for any thing with 
importunity and impatience, S. 3. To 
croak; to emit a hoarse sound, S. — Teut. 
kraeck-en, crepare, strepere. 

CRAIK, s. The land rail; E. crake. 

To listen the Craik in the corn, to carry 
on courtship by night, under the canopy 
of heaven, South of S. 

CRAIL-CAPON, s. A haddock, dried but 
not split, Loth. Denominated from Grail, 
a town in Fife. Anster Fair. 

CRAIM, s. A booth. V. Cream. 

CRAIT, Creet, .«. A sort of basket in 
which window-glass is packed, S. — Germ. 
kraet, corbis. 

To CRAIZE, r.n. 1. To creak, Clydes. 
Roxb. 2. One is said to craize, who, when 
sitting on a chair, moves it backwards and 
forwards, with the whole weight on the 
hinder feet of it, ibid. — Ital. crosc-iare, to 
make a creaking noise. 

CRAIZIN, s. The act of creaking, ibid. 

To CRAK. V. Crack, v. n. 

CRAKER,?. TheRail,orC'or»-cra*l-. Ral- 
lus crex, Linn, llartin's Western Isles. 

CRAKYNG, s. The clamour of a fowl, S. 

CRAKYS, s. pi. Great guns; cannons. Bar- 
bour. — From the noise they make when 
fired ; or, Teut. kraecke, arcubalista. 

CRAKLENE POKIS. Bags for holding 
artificial fireworks. Complaynt 8. — Fr. 
craquer, to crackle. 

CRAME, Cramery. V. Cream, Creamery, 




CR AMES YE, Crammesy, s. Cloth of crim- 
son, a grain-colour. Douglas. — Fr. cra- 
moisi, id. 

CRAMMASY, adj. Of or belonging to 
crimson; ingrained. Inventories. 

To CRAMP, r. n. To contract. Henrysone. 
— Teut. kromp-en, Sw. krymp-a, contrahi. 

CRAMPET, Cramp-bit, s. 1. A cramping- 
iron, S. 2. An iron with small pikes for 
keeping the foot firm on ice, S. Graeme. 
3. The guard of the handle of a sword. 
Watson's Coll. 4. The cramp-iron of a 
scabbard. Inventories. 5. An iron spike 
driven into a wall for supporting any- 
thing, Aberd. 6. The iron guard at the end 
of a staff, S. — Gael, crampaid, a ferril. 

CRAMPLAND, part. pr. Curling. Ban- 
natyne P. — Sw. krympling, contractus. 

CRAN, s. An iron instrument, laid across 
the fire for supporting a pot or kettle. — 
Denominated from its resemblance to a 

CRAN, s. To Coup the Crans; to be overset. 
V. Coup, v. a. 

CRANCE, s. Probably some stuff made of 
hair.— Teut. krants, O.Fr. crans, hair. 

CRANCE, s. A crack or chink in the wall 
through which the wind blows, Fife. — 
Fr. cren, denotes a breach or cleft. 

CRANCE, g. A chaplet. Watson's Coll. 
— Teut. kra7its, corona. 

CRANCH,s. A crush ; the act of crushing, 
Ettr. For. Crunsh, id. V. Crinch. 

To CRANCH, v. a. To crush ; to grind with 
the teeth. V. Crinch and Crunch, Roxb. 

CRANDRUCH, g. V. Cranreuch. 

CRANE, s. A kind of balista or catapult, 
used for discharging large stones, in an- 
cient warfare. — Cotgr. mentions Fr. crane- 
quin as " an engine for batterie, used in 
old time." 

CRANE (of herrings), s. As many fresh 
herrings as fill a barrel, S. Statist. Ace. 

CB, ANGLING, part. pr. Winding. Hudson. 
— Teut. kronckel-en, intorquere, sinuare. 

CRANY-WANY, s. " The little finger," 
Aberd. Gl. Shirrefs. 

* CRANK, s. An iron attached to the feet 
in curling, to prevent sliding on the ice, 
Roxb. Synon. Crampet. 

To CRANK, r. a. To shackle ; to apply the 
hob- or ham-shackle to a horse, Ettr. For. 

CRANK, adj. 1. Infirm, weak. A.Bor. 
" cranky, ailing, sickly ;" Grose. 2. 
Hard, difficult ; as, " a crank word," a 

, word hard to be understood, Aberd. 
Mearns, Roxb. 3. Crooked, distorted, 
Aberd. Mearns ; as crank-handed, a crank 
hand.— Teut. krank, id. Gl. Sibb. 

CRANK, s. 1. The noise of an ungreased 
wheel, S. 2. Used metaph. to denote in- 
harmonious poetry. Burns. 

CRANKOUS, adj. Fretful ; captious, S. 
Bums.— Gael, crioncan, strife. 

CRANNACH, s. Pottage, Ang. Aberd. 

* CR ANNIE, s. A square or oblong aper- 

ture in the wall of a house, Galloway. 
Synon. Boal. 

CRANREUCH, Crainroch, Cranreugh, 
Crandruch, s. Hoar frost, S.O. Burns. 
Aqr. Surr. Peeb.—G&e\. cranntarach, id. 

CRANROCHIE, Craunrochie,^'. Rimy; 
abounding with hoar-frost, S.O. 

CRANSHACH, Cranshak, s. A distorted 
person, S.B. Boss. — Gael, crannda, de- 

CRANTZE, s. The Common Coralline. 
Millepora polymorpha, Linn. Shetl. 

CRAP, s. 1 . The highest part or top of any 
thing, S. Crop, E. Baith crap and root, 
literally, top and bottom ; metaph., be- 
ginning and end, S. 2. The cone of a fir- 
tree, S.B. — A.S. croppa,Su.G. kroppa,'u\. 

CRAP, s. The produce of the ground, S. 

CRAP, s. 1. The craw of a fowl. Crop,E. 
Used ludicrously for the stomach of man. 
Crapine, ld.,S. Ramsay. 2. The prover- 
bial phrase, " That will never craw in 
your crap," S., means that a person shall 
never taste of some kind of food referred 
to. The allusion is to the crowing or 
self-gratulating sound that a fowl makes 
when its stomach is filled. 3. Used 
metaph. as to painful reminiscence ; as, 
" That'll craw in your crap," that will be 
recollected to your discredit, S.B. 4. It 
is metaph. used, like E. stomach, to ex- 
press resentment. It stuck in my crap ; 
I could not digest it, S. — Teut. krop, in- 
gluvies, stomachus. 

To CRAP, r. a. To fill ; to stuff, S.— Teut. 
kropp-en, saginare, turundis farcire. 

To CRAP, v. a. To crop ; to lop, S. Fer- 
guson. — Teut. krapj)-en, abscindere. 

CRAP and ROOT, adv. 1. " Whollv, en- 
tirely;" Gl. Ross, S.B. 2. Metaph. both 
beginning and end, S. 

CRAP, g. The quantity of grain put at one 
time on a kiln, to be dried, Aberd. 

CRAP, pret. r. Did creep ; crept, S. 

CRAPIN, Crapine, Crappin, s. The maw 
or stomach of a fowl, S. Crop, E., the craw 
of a bird. Synon. Crap. Hoqg. 

CRAPPIT HEADS. A compound made of 
oatmeal, suet, onions, and pepper, with 
which the heads of haddocks are stuffed, 
S. Guy Mannering. — Belg. kropp-en, to 

CRAPS, s. pi. 1. The seed-pods of Runches 
or wild mustard, Roxb. 2. Runches in 

CRAT, adj. Feeble, puny. As, a crat stam- 
mock, applied to one who has no appetite, 

CRAT, s. He's a perfect crat; i. e. a weak 
child, but still immediately referring to 
the stomach. — Isl. kraeda, mollities, kreg- 
da, infans morbidus vel tenellus, Haldor- 
son; kregd, parva statura, Verel. Perhaps 
we may view Crat as nearly akin to 
Croot, q. v. 




CRAUCH. To cry crunch, to acknowledge 
one's self vanquished. Dunbar. — Arm. 
cracq, a bastard. 

CRAUCHMET, (gutt.) s. An exaction made 
by men in a state of war. MS. Chron. 

* To CRAVE, r. a. 1. To demand a debt 
importunately ; to dun, S. 2. To dun a 
debtor; " I crav'd him whenever I met 
him," S. 

CRAUG,s. 1. The neck, Teviotd. The same 
withOrtf/, Craig,q. v. 2. The weasand, ib. 

CRAVING, s. The act of dunning, S. 

To CRAUK, v. n. « To fret; to complain," 
Ayrs. Gl.Picken. Apparently the same 
with Craik, v., sense 2. 

CRAUP, fret, of the v. to Creep, S. 

To CRAW, Crawe, r. n. and a. To crave. 

CRAW, s. A crow, S. The era w of S. is 
properly what is denominated a rook in 
E. ; as crow in E. denotes what we call 
the hudy, i. e., the carrion-crow. 

To Sit like Craws in the Mist; to sit in 
the dark, S. 

To CRAW, v. n. 1. To crow. Crawin, part, 
pa. Douglas. 2. To boast; to vapour, S. 
Ferguson. A crawing hen is viewed as 
very unsonsie or uncannie, Teviotd. Old 
proverb, " A crooning cow, a crowing hen, 
and a whistling maid, boded never luck to 
a house." — A.S. cratc-an, id. V. Croyn, r. 

CRAW, s. The act of crowing, S. Burns. — 
A.S. crawe, Alem. craue, id. 

CRAW-CROOPS, s. pi. Crow-berries, S.B. 

To CRAW DAY. May I ne'er craw day ! 
" May I never see the morning ! " an 
imprecation used in Dumfr. Evidently 
alluding to the cock's announcing the 

CRAWDOUN,s. A coward. Douglas.— Ft. 
creant, and donn-er, to do homage. 

CRAW-DULSE, s. Fringed fucus, S. Fu- 
cus ciliatus, Linn. 

CRAWS. Waes my craws! Woe's my heart! 
Mearns. — Teut. krauweye, the diaphragm. 

CRAWS-COURT, s. A 'court of judgment 
held by crows, S., Shetl. " Numbers are 
seen to assemble on a particular hill or 
field, from many different points. On some 
occasions the meeting does not appear to 
be complete before the expiration of a day 
or two. As soon as all the deputies have 
arrived, a very general noise and croaking 
ensue, and shortly after, the whole fall 
upon one or two individuals, whom they 
persecute and beat until they kill them. 
When this has been accomplished, they 
quietly disperse." Edmonstone's Zetl. ii. 
234. — Isl. kraka not only signifies a crow, 
but a bird of evil omen. 

CRAW-SILLER, s. Mica, Shetl. 

CRA W-TAES, Craw-Foot, s. pi. 1 . Crow- 
foot, S. Ranunculus, repens and acris. 2. 
A metaphorical term for the wrinkles or 
puckerings of the skin about the corner of 
the eyes, in persons who are advanced in 
life, or have been in declining health, S. 

3. Caltrops, an instrument made with 
three spikes, for wounding the feet of 
horses, S. Antiquary. 

CRAZE, s. 1. A degree of wrong-headed- 
ness; craziness, S. 2. Dotage ; foolish fond- 
ness, Aberd. 

CREAGH, s. An expedition for the purpose 
of forcibly driving off cattle from the 
grounds of the lawful owner ; a kind of 
foray. Waterley. — Gael, creach, plunder, 
an host, Shaw ; Ir. creach, id. 

* CREAM, s. A lick of cream, a proverbial 
phrase, synon. with that in England, a 
sugar-plum. Guthry's Alem. 

CREAM, Craim, Crame, s. 1. A mer- 
chant's booth, S. A stall in a market. 
Acts Sed. — Teut. kraem, taberna rerum 
venalium. 2. A pack of goods for sale. 
Skene. — Teut. kraem, Dan. kram, mer- 

To CREAM, v. a. To hawk goods, S.B. 

CREAMER, Craimer, ». 1. A pedler, S.B. 
Skene. 2. One who keeps a booth, S. — 
Su.G. kraemare, Teut. kraemer, id. 

CREAMERIE, Cramery, s. Merchandise ; 
goods sold by a pedler, Aberd. Lyndsay. 
— Teut. kraemerije, merx. 

CREAM-WARE, Creme- Ware, s. Articles 
sold by those who keep booths. Brand. 

CREAM-WIFE, Crame- wife, s. A woman 
who keeps a stall in a market at fairs, Roxb. 

CREAR, s. A kind of lighter. V. Crayar. 

CREDOMEZ, s. Credence. 

To CREE, r. a. Generally used negatively; 
No to cree legs wi\ not safe to meddle with, 
Ettr. For. — Teut. kriegh-en, bellare, con- 

CREECH, (gutt.) s. A declivity encumbered 
with large stones, Upp. Lanarks. — Gael. 
carraic, rock ; S. craig. 

CREEDjS. A severe reprehension orrebuke; 
as, " to gi'e one an awfu' creed," Clydes. 

CREEK of day. The first appearance of the 
dawn, S. Skreek, S.B. Ramsay. — Teut. 
kriecke, aurora rutilans. 

CREELING, s. A foolish and indelicate 
custom, on the second day after marriage, 
still retained among the vulgar in some 
places, S. 

CREEP, s. Cauld creep, that sensation of 
rigour which extends itself over the sur- 
face of the body in consequence of expo- 
sure to severe cold, or of some sudden 
alarm, S. 

To CREEP, r. n. The flesh is said to creep, 
when the skin rises up, so as to resemble 
that of a fowl newly plucked ; as, " My 
flesh is a' creepin'," S. Synon. Groose. 

To CREEP IN, v. n. To shrink. Cruppen 
in, shrivelled, S. — Isl. kropna, contrahi. 

CREEPERS. V. Creparis. 

CREEPY, Creepie, s. 1. A low stool, oc- 
casionally used in a pulpit for elevating 
the speaker, S. 2. The stool of repen- 
tance, on which culprits formerly sat 
when making public satisfaction in the 




church, S. Ramsay. 3. A child's stool, or 
footstooLS.B. 4. It denotes any small stool, 
used as a seat in houses, Mearns, Lanarks. 

CREEPIN'-BUR, s. Agr. Sun: Caithn. 
"The creeping bur is Lycopodiuni elava- 
tum." V. Upright Bur. 

CREESE, Creeze, s. Crisis. Ross. 

CREIGHLING, s. Coughing, Ayrs.— Teut. 
krieckel-en, rutilare. 

CREIL, Creel, .«. 1. An ozier basket, S. 
Scull syn. Bannatyne P. 2. Panniers are 
also called creils. Dunbar. 3. Often 
applied to the belly, as a nursery term ; 
creelie, id. " Is your creil," or " creelie fu' 
yet ?" In a creel, in a state of mental 
stupefaction or confusion, S. — Ir. crilin, 
id. ; Gael, criol, a chest. 

To CREIL, r. a. 1. To put into a basket, 
S. 2. It is used nietaph. in this form, 
" He's no gude to creel eggs ici\" i. e., not 
easy, or safe, to deal with, Roxb. Syn. 
" Kittle to shoe." 

CREILFOW, Creelfull,s. A basketful, S. 
St. Ron < tn. 

To CREIS, r. n. To curl. Douglas.— Teut. 
kroes-en, Germ, kraus-en, crispare. 

To CREISCH,r.«. 1. To grease, S. Kelly. 
2. Metaph. applied to the use of money, 
S. Ferguson. 3. To Crcish one's lufe, to 
give money as a vale, or as a bribe, S. 
Journal Lond. 

CREISCHE, Creesh,s. 1. Grease, S. Dun- 
bar. — Fr. graissc, id. 2. A stroke, a blow, 
S. Ferguson. 

CREISC'HIE, Creishy, adj. Greasy, S. 

CREISCHINESS, ?. Greasiness, S. 

To CREISH, r. a. To thrash; to beat 
soundly. Hence the low phrase, I gae 
hint a gude creishih, I gave him a sound 
beating, S. 

CREYST, s. One who is both diminutive 
and loquacious, Border. — Teut. kroes-en, 
to contract ; Dan. kri/ster, a simpleton. 

CREYT, s. A species of the Polypody 
Fern, Dunbartons. 

CREITCH, s. A term borrowed from the 
Germ, or Belg. to denote a circle or dis- 
trict. Monro's Exped. — Germ, kreis, 
Belg. kreyts, a circle, a circuit. 

CREPARIS, s. pi. Grapnels of iron, S. 
Creepers. Bellenden. 

CREPINALL, s. Perhaps, knave. 

CRESIE, s. A kind of cap worn by women. 
Also called a Squintie, Upp. Clydes. 

CRESPIE,s. A small whale. Apparently 
the same with that commonly called the 
Grampus. — Corr. from L.B. craspiscis. 

CREVISH,.*. A crayfish. Baillie. 

CREWIS, pres. r. Perhaps, craves. Hou- 
late. — A.S. craf-ian, id. 

To CRY, r. a. To proclaim the bans of 
marriage, S. 

To CRY, r. n. To be in labour, S. 

To CRIAUVE, r. «. To crow, Buchan. 
V. the letter W. 

CRIB, 8. Synon. with a bicker o' brose; as, 
"Haste ye,andgi'e me ma [my] crib, guid- 
wife," Roxb. — Perhaps from Isl. krubba, 
ampulla, a flask or vessel with two ears. 

CRIB, s. The name of the reel for winding 
yarn, Roxb. 

CRIBBIE, s. A term used by women in 
Roxb., &c, in reeling yarn, as expressive 
of the quantity reeled ; Ae cribbie, tica 
cribbie. A cribbie is as much yarn as goes 
half round the reel. — Isl. kryppa, signifies 
a winding. 

CRICKE, s. Most probably an old word 
for a louse. 

CRICKET, s. This term is applied to the 
grasshopper, Roxb. Loth. — Teut. krekel, 
id., from krek-en, to make a noise. Germ. 
heuschrecke, id., seems to claim a different 
origin ; hew, hay, and schrick-en, to leap, 
like the E. term, also the Fr. sautereau ; 
q. a leaper. 

CRICKLET, s. The smallest of a litter ; 
the weakest bird of the nest, Ayrs. Syn. 
Wallydrag, Wrig, Croot.— Isl. krehlott-r, 
signifies distorted ; but perhaps rather 
allied to Belg. krekel, a cricket. Y. Crike. 

CRIED FAIR. A fair or market, the place 
and time of which are proclaimed some 
time before. Where a crowd is assembled, 
and in a state of motion, it is common to 
say, " It's like a cried fair," S. Ayrs. 

CRYING, s. Childbirth ; inlying, S., Gal- 
loway. A yrs. Legatees. 

CRYIN' SILLER.' The fee paid to the 
parish clerk for publishing the bans, S. 

CRIKE, .«. A small reptile that sometimes 
infests the human body ; apparently a 
species of tick, Galloway. It is, however, 
defined to me, " a chirping insect." — Belg. 
hriekie, a cricket ; Su.G. kraek, reptile. 
V. Cricke. 

CRYKES, 5. pi. Angles. Barbour.— A.S. 
crecca, a creek. 

CRILE, Cryle, §. 1. A dwarf, S.A. Hogg. 
2. A child or beast that is unthriven, 
Roxb. V. Croil, Croyl. 

CR YL'T, part. pa. Unthriven ; stunted, ib. 

CRIMINALS, s. pi. Criminal causes. 

To CRIMP, r. a. To plait nicely, S.— Sw. 
krymp-a, to shrink. 

CRIMPE, adj. Scarce; scrimp. 

CRIMPING-P1N, s. An instrument for 
pinching or puckering the border of a 
lady's cap, Loth. — Teut. krimp-en, con- 

ToCRINCII, Crunch, v. a. 1. To grind 
with the teeth. 2. To masticate what is 
hard, as biscuit ; or rank, as unboiled ve- 
getables ; including the idea of the sound 
made, S. Gait. 3. To crinch the teeth, to 
gnash. — Fr. grinc-er les dents, id. 

CRINCH,s. A verysmall bit of any thing, S. 

To CRINE, Cryne, r. n. 1. To shrivel, S. 
Evergreen. 2. To diminish money by 
clipping it. Doug. — Ir. krion-am, to wither. 




CR1NKIE-WINKIE, s. A contention, S.B. 

— Su.G. kraenka, to be vexed. 
CRYP, Craip. Apparently used for what 

is now called Crape. Aberd. Req. 
CRIPPLE- JUSTICE; s. A designation con- 
temptuously given to one who is lame, 
and, at the same time, proud of his per- 
sonal appearance, Clydes. 
CRIPPLE-MEN, s. pi. Oat-cakes toasted 
before the fire, Fife. Probably denomi- 
nated from the crooked shape they often 
assume from being set on edge while toast- 
CRISE, §. Crisis. Wodrolb. V. Creese. 
To CRISP, v. n. A term used to denote 
the crackling sound made by the ground 
under one's feet, when there is a slight 
frost, Roxb. 
CRISP, Crispe, s. Cobweb lawn. Burel. 

— Fr. crespe, id. 
CRYSTE, s. Perhaps, crest. 
CRISTIE, Cristv, adj. Perhaps, curled. 

Acts Ja. II. — Dan. kfuset, id, 

CRIV, s. Corr. from E. crib, as denoting 

either the rack, or an ox's stall, Buchan. 

CRO, Croy, s. The satisfaction made for 

the slaughter of any man, according to 

his rank. Beg. Maj.— Gael, cro, cows, 

the reparation being made in cattle; or Ir. 

cro, death. 

To CROAGH, {guti) r. «. To strangle, 

Fife. — Teut. krqegh-en, jugulare. 
To CROCE, v. a. To go across. ActsCha.I. 
CROCE, Croys, s. One of the sails in a 
ship. Douglas. — Sw. kryss-top, the miz- 
CROCHE, Crochert. V. Hagbut. 
CROCHET, part. pa. "Covered." Gaiean 

and Gol. 
CROCK, Crock Ewe. An old ewe that has 
given over bearing, S. The same with 
Crok, q. v. Black w. Mag. 
CROCKATS, s. pi. To put out, or set up 
one's crockats, a phrase applied to a young 
person, or to one who is an inferior, when 
showing ill-humour, or giving an indis- 
creet answer ; as, " Wilt thou dare to 
set tip thy crockats to me V Renfr. The 
ornamental knobs on turrets or minarets, 
in a building after the Gothic order, are 
denominated crockats. 
CROCKIE, s. A low stool for children, 

Ang. Synon. with Creepy. 
CROCKONITION, s. Any thing bruised to 

pieces. Buchan. 
CROFTER, s. V. Crafter. 
CROFTING, s. 1. The state of being suc- 
cessively cropped, S. Maxwell's Sel. 
Trans. 2. Transferred to the land itself 
which is cropped in this way, ibid. 
CROFT-LAND, s. Land of superior quality, 
which was still cropped, S. Statist. Ace. 
CROGAN, s. A term used in the West 
Highlands, to denote a bowl, or vessel of 
a similar shape, for holding milk. C/an- 
Albin.—lt is evident that crogafi is allied 

to Gael, croc, which denotes an earthen 
vessel. But it more closely resembles 
C.B. crochan, " a boiler, a pot ;" Owen. 
That this properly denotes an earthen 
vessel, appears from its cognate, croch'eh-u, 
"to make pottery ;" ibid. 

CROY, s. 1. An enclosure, more commonly 
wattled, for catching fish. Act. Audit. '_'. 
A sort of fold, of a semicircular form, 
made on the sea-beach, for catching fish, 
Argyles. When the sea flows, the fish 
come over it ; and are left there, in con- 
sequence of its receding. 3. A mound, or 
kind of quay, projecting into a river, for 
the purpose of breaking the force of the 
stream, and guarding the adjacent ground 
from encroachments, Perths. Perhaps a 
corr. from Crure, q. v. 

CROY CLAYCHT. Cloth of Croy, a town 
in France. Aberd. Reg. 

To CROICHLE, Croigiile, {gutt.) To have 
a short dry cough, Upp. Lanarks. Ren- 
frews. Tanndhitl. 

CROICHLIES, s. pi. A disease affecting 
the legs of cattle on the coast of Moray. 

CROYD, s. Yellow clover, Ayrs. I find 
no word resembling this, save the terms 
which denote an herb in general. — Teut 
krui/d, Germ. If out, Su.G. krydda, &c. 

CROYDIE, adj. A croydie led; a field on 
which there i's a great quantity of fog- 
gage for sheltering game, Renfr. 

CROIGHLE, s. A slight, or short dry 
cough, Renfr., Tdnndhill.— Isl. hrygla, 
excrementum, screatus e pectore; G.Andr. 

CROIL, Croyl, s. A distorted person; a 
dwarf. Polimrt. — Teut. kriel, pumilus. 

To CROYN, Crone, Crune, v. n. 1. To cry 
as a bull does, in a low and hollow tone, 
S. Maitland Poems.— Belg. kreun-en, to 
whimper; Isl. hryn-a grunnire. 2. To 
whine ; to persist in moaning, S. 3. To 
hum, or sing in a low tone, S. Burns 
4. To purr; applied to a cat, South of S. 

CROYN, Crune, Croon, s. 1. A hollow con- 
tinued moan, S. Douglas. 2. An incan- 
tation. Ramsay. 3. A simple piece of 
music ; an inartificial chant, S. 

CROINTER, s. One of the names given, 
on the Firth of Forth, to the Gray Gur- 
nard. NeilVs List of Fishes. 

CROIPIN, part. pa. Crept. Keith. 

To CROISE, r. a. To burn with a mark, 
Ettr. For. — Fr. croisier, perhaps because 
the sheep were originally marked with a 

To CROISE, r. v. To gossip; to talk a great 
deal about little, S.B. In Angus it is 
pronounced croise; in the northern coun- 
ties, as Moray, crose. — Su.G. krusa, ficta 
in verbis civilitate uti. 

CROISHTARICH, s. The fire-cross, or sig- 
nal of war ; a stake of wood, the one end 
dipped in blood, and the other burnt, (as 
an emblem of fire and sword,) which was 
conveyed with the greatest expedition. 




till it went through the whole tribe or 
country. — Gael, eroistara; perhaps from 
crois, a cross, and tara, a multitude. V. 
Fyre Croce. 

CROK, s. A dwarf, Ang.— Su.G. kraek, ani- 
mal quodvis exiguum ; Isl. kracke, kroge, 
tener puellus vel pullus. 

CROK, s. An old ewe that has given over 
bearing, S. Dunbar. 

To CROK, r. n. To suffer decay from age, 
Gl. Sibb. 

CROKONITION, s. Destruction, Aberd. 

CRONACH, s. A dirge; a lamentation for 
the dead. V. Coramch. 

CRONACHIE, s. A nursery designation 
for the little finger, Ang. V. Crany- 


CRONACHIN, part. pr. Gossiping in a 
tattling way, S.B.— Perhaps from Cora- 
inch, q. v. 

CRONDE, s. Leg. croude, a fiddle. Houlate. 

To CRONE, r. ?/. To use many words in a 
wheedling way, Buchan. 

CRONY, .*. A potato, Dumfr. 

CROO,s. 1. A hovel. Jacobite Relics. 2. 
A sty, S.B. — C.B. craw, and Armor. 
crou, denote a sty ; Hara, Boxhorn. V. 

CROOBACKS, s. pi. A sort of panniers 
borne by horses, and used in mountainous 
districts, for carrying home corn, peats, 
&c— Isl. koerf, a basket, a hamper; Dan. 
kurr, id. These are evidently allied to 
Lat. corb-is, which exactly corresponds in 

To CROODLE, Croudle, t. n. 1. To coo, 
Renfrews. 2. To purr, as a cat. Tan- 
nahitt. 3. To hum a song; to sing with 
a low voice, Ayrs. Burns. — This is evi- 
dently a dimin.-from the t. Croud, to coo, 
pronounced crood. 

To CROOK, v. n. To halt in walking, S. 
Ramsay. — Sw. krok-ia, id. 

CROOK, s. A halt, S. Rutherford. 

CROOK, Cruke, Cruck, s. "The iron 
chain, with its appropriate hooks, by 
which the vessels for cooking are hung 
over the fire," S. Gl. Surv. Nairn. " As 
black's the crook," a phrase applied to any 
thing that is very black, S. — Su.G. krok, 
Isl. krok-r, Dan. kro<j, uncus, uncinus, a 

To CROOK, r. a. To bend. This term is 
used in various forms unknown in E. 

To CROOK a Finger, to make an ex- 
ertion of the slightest kind ; as, " He 
didna crook a finger in the business ;" he 
did not give me the least assistance, S. 

To CROOK a Hough. 1. To sit down; 
to be seated, S. Hogg. 2. To bend the 
knee-joint in order to motion, S. Walker's 
To CROOK one's Motj'. 1. To bring the 
lips together, so as to be able to articu- 
late, S. 2. To disfigure the face as one 
does who is about to cry. 3. To manifest 

anger or displeasure by a distortion of the 
mouth, S. Herd's Coll. 4. Used as ex- 
pressive of scorn, S. Donald and Flora. 

To CROOK the Elbow. To use too much 
freedom with the bottle ; q. bending the 
elbow in reaching the drink to the mouth,S. 

CROOKED MOUTH. A species of floun- 
der. Pleuronectes Tuberculatus. Arbuth- 
not's Peterhead. 

CROOKIE, s. A low designation for a six- 
pence, Lanarks. Obviously from its hav- 
ing been usually crooked before the intro- 
duction of the new coinage. 

CROOKS, s. pi. The windings of a river. 
V. Crukis. 

CROOKS and BANDS. The hooks and 
staples used for hinges, S. The crook is 
the iron hook fixed in stone or in a wooden 
door-post on which the band turns.— Su.G. 
krok, quicquid aduncum vel incurvum est; 
Belg. krook, Fr. croc, id.; C.B. crweca, 
curvus, incurvus. 

CROOKSADDLE, s. A saddle for support- 
ing panniers, S.B. Statist. Ace. 

designation of a large silver coin struck 
by Q. Mary of S. V. Mary Ryall. 

CROOK-STUDIE, s. A cross beam in a 
chimney from which the crook is sus- 
pended, Roxb. Synon. Rannel-tree, or 
Rantle-tree ; q. that which keeps the crook 

CROOK-TREE, s. A beam of wood, or bar 
of iron, which runs across the chimney of 
a cottage, on which the crook is hung, 
Roxb. Synon. Crook-studie. 

To CROON, r. n. To emit a murmuring 
sound. V. Croyx. 

CROONER, Crowner, s. The Trigla lyra, 
a fish, S. Denominated from the criming 
noise it makes after being taken. Barry. 

To CROOP, r. n. To croak. V. Croup. 

To CROOT, r. n. To make a croaking 
noise. V. Crout. 

CROOT, s. 1. A puny, feeble child, Loth. 
2. The youngest and feeblest of a nest, or 
of a litter, South of S. Synon. unrig, or 
vrigling. — Arm. crot, petit enfant; or Isl. 
hrota, effoetum animal decrepitae aetatis. 
V. Crat, which seems nearly allied. 

CROOTLES, s. pi. A dimin. from Croot, 
given as a nickname to one who is small 
and ill-proportioned, Roxb. 

CROOTLIE, adj. Having very short legs, 
and such as are not in proportion to the 
body, Roxb. 

CROOZUM1T, g. 1 . A diminutive or puny 
person, Ayrs. 2. One worn down with 
age, ibid. 3. One living solitarily, or a 
sort of hermit, ibid. — Perhaps allied to 
Teut. kroes-eu, kruys-en, ; q. drawn 
together, shrunk up. 

To CROP the Causey; to appear openly and 
boldly in the street ; q. to keep the crown 
of the causey. Spaldinq. 

To CROP out, v. n. To appear through the 




surface of the ground ; applied to mine- 
rals, S. Statist. Ace. 

CROP of WHEY. The thick part of whey; 
q. what goes to the crop or top, Durafr. 

CROP and ROOT. A proverbial phrase 
signifying entirely, completely ; literally, 
top and bottom ; nietaph. beginning and 
end. Spalding. 

CROPEN, part. pa. Crept. V. Cruppen. 

To CROSE, v. n. To whine. V. Croise, t. 

CROSPUNK, s. The name given, in some 
of the Western Islands, to the Molucca 
bean, which is drifted to their shores. — 
Perhaps, in Gael., the point of the cross, 
from crois, crux, and punc, punctum. 

CROSS-BRATH'D, adj. Braided across. 
— Teut. brcyd-en, contexere, nectere. 

CROSS-FISH, s. The name given to the 
star-fish, Shetl— Norw. " Kors-fisk, or 
Aws-trold, the Stella Marina, star-fish, 
or sea-star." Pontoppidan. 

To CROSS-NOOK, v. a. 1. To check; to 
restrain, Aberd. 2. Used also as a sort 
of imprecation. W. Seattle's Tales. 

CROSS-PUTS, s. pi. V. Corps-present. 

CROTAL, Crottle, s. Lichen omphalodes, 
now called CW6e«r,Lightfoot. — Gael, cro- 
tal, and crotan, Shaw. 

CROTE,?. The smallest particle. Wyntovm. 
— Sw. krut, powder. 

CROTESCQUE, s., Fr. Grotesque paint- 

CROTTIL, s. A small fragment of any 
hard body, such as coal, stone, &c. — O.E. 
crotels, " the ordure or dung of a hare," 
Phillips. This is deduced by Skinner from 
Fr. crottes, the dung of sheep, goats, &c. 

CROTTLIE, adj. Covered with lichen, S.O. 
Train's Mountain Muse. V. Crotal. 

CROUCH IE, adj. Having a hunch on 
the back, S. — Perhaps it is immediately 
formed from Fr. crochu, hooked, crooked. 

CROUCHIE, s. One that is hunchbacked, S. 
Burns. — Su.G. krok, incurvus. 

To CROUD, Crowde, v. n. 1. To coo as a 
dove. Douglas. 2. To croak, S. Euddi- 
man. 3. Metaph. to groan, to complain. 
Z. Boyd. — C.B. gridhuan, gemere ; Belg. 
kryt-en, to cry. 

CROUDE,s. A musical instrument formerly 
used in S. 

CROUDS, s. pi. Curds, " Crouds and ream, 
curds and cream," S.B. Gl. Shirrej's. — 
This, in its form, resembles the E. v. to 
crudle, of uncertain etymology. The most 
probable origin is Gael, gruth, which 
signifies curds, gruthaeh, curdled, Mac- 
farlan. Lhuyd gives Ir. kruth in the same 

CROVE, s. A cottage. V. Crufe. 

To CROUP, Crupe,Crowp,i\ n. l.Tocroak; 
to cry with a hoarse voice. — Compjlaynt S. 
2. To speak hoarsely, as the eifect of a 
cold, S. — Moes.G. hrop-jan ; Isl. hrop-a, 

CROUP, s. A disease affecting the throat 

of a child, S. Cynanche trachealis. Synon. 
chock, stuffing, closing. Buchan. From 
the noise made in breathing. 

CROUP, s. A berry, Gl. Sibb.— A.S. crop, 
uva. V. Crawcroops. 

CROUPIE, Croupie-Craw, s. A raven. 
" Ae croupie 'ill no pike out anither's een," 
Fife. In other counties corbie is generally 
used. From the r. Croop, to croak. 

CROUS, Crouse, adj. Brisk ; lively ; ap- 
parently brave, S. Peblis to the Flay. — 
Fr. courrouce, chafed ; or Su.G. krus, 

CROUSE, adv. Boldly, S. ; as in the 
phrase " He cracks Yery crouse," or " o'er 
crouse," S. 

CROUSE, s. Perhaps crockery. — Fr. cruche, 
id.; Teut. kroes, kruyse, Belg. kroos, Germ. 
kraus, a drinking-vessel. 

CROUSELY, adv. With confidence, or some 
degree of petulance, S. Ramsay. 

CROUSENESS, s. Appearance of courage, 
S. Poems Buchan Dial. 

To CROUT, v. n. 1. To make a croaking or 
murmuring noise, as frogs do, S. Popular 
Ball. 2. To coo, S. Complaynt S. 3. Used 
to express the murmuring of the intes- 
tines, S. Tarras's Poems. V. Croud. 

CROW-BERRY, s. The name given, in 
Moray, to a berry which grows singly 
on a bright-green plant ; the Vaccinium 
Myrtillus, or bilberry-bush. 

CROWDIE, s. 1. Meal and water in a cold 
state, stirred together, so as to form a 
thickgruel, S. Eitson. 2. Food of the por- 
ridge kind in general. Eamsay. 3. In some 
parts of the north of S., a peculiar prepa- 
ration of milk. In Ross-shire it denotes 
curds with the whey pressed out, mixed 
with butter nearly in an equal proportion. 
A little salt is added. This, when pro- 
perly made, may be kept for a long time. 
—Su.G. grot, Isl. graut-vr, pulse made of 
meal and water. 

CROWDIE-TIME, s. Time of takingbreak- 
fast, S. Tales of my Landlord. 

CROWDY-MOWDY, s. This generally de- 
notes milk and meal boiled together, S.B. 

To CROWDLE, r. a. To crawl as a crab, 
Fife. Perhaps a frequentative, from the 
■v. Crowl, q. v. — C.B. croth, however, de- 
notes the belly. 

To CROWDLE, Crowdle thegither, v. n. 
1. To draw one's self together, Fife. 2. 
To draw close together, as children do 
when creeping close to each other in bed, 
for keeping themselves warm, ibid. " To 
Crowdle, (diminutive of Crowd,) to keep 
close together, as children round the fire, 
or chickens under the hen," Yorks. ; 

CROWDLE, s. A heap ; a collection, Fife. 
— Teut. kruyd-en, pellere, protrudere ; 
Su.G. krota, congeries, conferta turba ; 
A.S. cruth, multitudo, turba confertissima. 

CROWL, s. A term transmitted to me as 




synon. with Croat, a puny, feeble child, 
Ang. — Belg. kriel, parvulus, pumilus, 
Kilian ; Isl. kril, res perparva. 

To CROWL, v. n. To crawl, S. Burns.— 
Belg. kriol-en, id. 

CROWNARIE, Crownry, s. The office of 
a crowner; the same as Crownarship. 

CROWNARSHIP,s. The office of aero wner. 

CROWNELL, s. A coronet. Douglas.— 
L.B. coromda, parva corona. 

CROWNER, s. The name of a fish. V. 

CROWNER, CrownabEj Crouxal, s. 1. An 
officer, to whom it belonged to attach all 
persons, against whom there was an ac- 
cusation in matters pertaining to the crown. 
E. coroner. Wyntown. 2. The commander 
of the troops raised in one county. Ba'dlie. 

CROWPING, s. A hoarse sound. Doualas. 

CROW-PURSE, s. The ovarium of a skate, 

CROZIE,a<7/. Fawning ;wheedling,Buchan. 

To CRUB, t. a. To curb, S. 

CRUBAN, s. A disease of cows, S.B. Ess. 
Highl. Soc. 

CRUBAN, s. A wooden pannier fixed on a 
horse's back, Caithn. Statist. Ace. 

To CRUCK, r. a. To make lame ; as, 
" You'll fa' and cruch yoursell," Lanarks. 
Evidently a peculiar use of the E. v. to 
Crook. The word, in this form, gives the 
hard pronunciation of Clydes. V. Cruke,^. 

CRUDDY BUTTER. A kind of cheese, of 
which the curds, being poor, are mixed 
with butter, S. Sir J. Sinclair. 

To CRUDDLE, v. n. To coagulate, S. 

CRUDELITE, Crudelitie, s. Cruelty.— 
Fr. cruddite. 

To CRUDLE, Cruddle, r. a. To curdle ; 
to congeal; to cause to coagulate, S. Ju- 
nius gives Crude as synon. with Curdle. 
■ — Ir. cruth, curds, Lhuyd. 

CRUDS, Curds, S. Shirr.p. 

CRUE, s. A sheep-pen, or smaller fold, 
Shetl. — Isl. lamba kroo, caula agnorum. 

CRUE-HERRING, s. The Shad. Tupea 
Alosa, Linn. Pennant. 


CRUELL, adj. 1. Keen in battle. Wallace. 
2. Resolute ; undaunted. Wallace. 3. 
Terrible. Wallace. 4. Acute; "Cruel 
pain," acute pain, S. — Cruel is used in E. 
asforming a superlative : " Very,extreme- 
ly; as cruel cross, very cross ; cruel sick ; 
very ill, Cornw. and Devons. ;" Grose. 

CRUELS, s. The king's evil ; scrofula, S. 
Wodrou: — Fr. ecrouelles, id. 

CRUER, s. A kind of ship ; apparently the 
same with Grayer, q. v. MeltilVs MS. 

CRUFE, Cruife, Cruive, Crove, s. 1. A 
hovel, S. cm, S.B. Hcnrysone. 2. A sty, 
Skene. — Isl. hroo,hroof, structura vilis. 

CRUGGLES, g. pi. A disease of young 
kine, S.B. " In this disease, the animal is 
affected with a convulsive movement in 

its limbs, by which they are contracted, 
and intertwined among each other ; and 
soon becoming unable to stand, it dies, 
seemingly, of pure weakness." Ayr. Surr. 
Kincard. Corr., perhaps, from crook-ill, 
as denoting a disease affecting the limbs. 
— Su.G. kroek-a, Teut. kroock-en, plicare, 
curvare, flectere. 

CRUIK STUDIE. Supposed to be a stithy 
or anvil, with what is called a horn pro- 
jecting from it, used for twisting, forming 
horse-shoes, &c. 

CRUISKEN of whisky. A certain measure 
of this liquor, Ang. — Dan. kruus, a cup ; 
O.Fr. creusequin, id. Roquefort. 

To CRUKE, v. a. To lame.— Su.G. kruk-a, 
Teut. krok-en, curvare. 

CRUKE, s. A circle. Douglas.— Tent, krok- 
en, curvare. 

CRURIS, Crooks,?, pi. 1. The windings of 
a river, S. Wallace. 2. Hence it came 
to signify the space of ground closed in 
on one side by these windings ; as, The 
Crook of Devon, S.- — Isl. krok-r, angulus. 

To CRULGE, r. a. To contract ; to draw 
together, S. Shirrefs. — Teut. krull-en, in- 
torquere, sinuare. 

CRULGE, s. A confused coalition, or con- 
junction, S. — Isl. krull, confusio. 

To CRULL, r. n. 1. To contract, or draw 
one's self together, Upp. Clydes.— This is 
precisely the same with Teut. krull-en, 
kruyU-en, intorquere. 2. To stoop ; to 
cower, ibid. V. Crulge. 

* CRUM, s. Used to denote a small bit of 
any thing ; as, " a crum of paper," S. 

CRUMMET, adj. Having crooked horns, 
Galloway. Davidson's Seasons. 

CRUMMIE, Crummock, s. A name for a 
cow that has crooked horns, S. Bamsay. 
Isl. krumme, Gael, crom, crooked. 

CRUMMILT, adj. Crooked; as, The cow 
with the crummilt horn, Roxb. The same 
with Crummet, which seems the corrup- 
tion of Crum milt. 

CRUMMOCK, Crujimie-Stick, s. A staff 
with a crooked head, on which the hand 
leans, S. Burns. — Gael, cromaq, id. 

CRUMMOCK, s. Skirret,aplant,S. Brand. 
— Gael, crumag, id. 

To CRUMP, v. a. To make a crashing noise 
in eating what is hard and brittle, S. Mo- 

CRUMP, Cruufie, adj. Crisp ; brittle, S. 

To CRUMP, r. n. To emit a crashing noise ; 
to give such a sound as ice or frozen snow 
does, when it yields to the foot, S. 

CRUMPILT,CRUMPLED,^ar?. adj. Crooked, 
especially applied to horns ; as, the cow 
with the crumpilt horn, Fife. — Sw.krymp-a, 
to shrink, to be contracted ; krymplii/g, a 
cripple. E. crumple is used in a similar 

To CRUNCH, o. a. To grind any hard or 
rank substance with the teeth. V.Crinch r. 




TbCRUNE. V. Crovn. 

CRUNER, s. A fish of the Trigla kind. 
V. Crooner. 

To CRUNKLE, v. a. 1. To crease ; to rum- 
ple, S. TennanVs Card. Beaton. 2. To 
shrivel; to contract, S. Tarras. — Teut. 
kronckel-en, to wrinkle. 

CRUNKLE, s. A crease; a wrinkle, S. 

CRUNT, s. A smart stroke or blow on the 
head with a cudgel, S. Burns. 

CRUPPEN, Crufpin, part. pa. Crept, S. 
H. Mid-Loth. Cruppcn thei/ilher, con- 
tracted, S. ; a phrase used of one who is 
bowed by age, or who shrinks in conse- 
quence of cold. — Isl. kropn-a. Eg kropna, 
frigore stupesco et rigesco; G. Andr. 

CRUSHIE, s. A familiar name for a shep- 
herd's dog; a cur, Upp. Lanarks. Collie, 
synon. — Perhaps from Teut. kruys, crispus, 
as the hair of this species is often rough 
and curled. 

CRUSIE, Crusy, s. 1. A small iron lamp 
with a handle, S.B. — From the same ori- 
gin with E. cruse, cruise, a small cup, q. 
a cup for holding oil. — Teut. kroes, cya- 
thus, kruyse, vas potorium. 2. A sort of 
triangular candlestick made of iron, with 
one or more sockets for holding the can- 
dle, with the edges turned up on all the 
three sides, Dumfr. 3. A crucible, or hol- 
low piece of iron used for melting metals, 
South of S. — Isl. krxs, testa, crater testa- 

To CRUSIL, r. a. To contract the body in 
sitting, South of S. Hoker, Hurkle, syn. 
Crusilt, part, pa., applied to one who sits 
bowed together over the fire.— It may be 
allied to Germ, kreusel-eu, krauscl-en, cris- 
pare, because what is curled is shrivelled 
or contracted ; kraus, crispus. 

CRUTE, s. A decrepit person, Roxb. The 
same with Croot, although differently pro- 

CRUTLACHIN, part, pr. Conversing in a 
silly tattling way, S.B. 

CRUVE, Cruive, s. A box resembling a 
hen-crib, placed in a dam or dike that 
runs across a river, for confining the fish 
that enter into it, S. Acts Ja. I. — Su.G. 
krubba, praesepe. 

CUBE, Cubie. Probably the abbrev. of 
Cuthbert. Caddie is the term now used. 

CUBICULARE, s. A groom of the bed- 
chamber. — Fr. cubiculaire, Lat. cubicular- 

CUCHILjCuthil, s. A forest or grove. Dou- 
glas. — C.B. coedawl, belonging to a fo- 

CUCKING, s. A term expressive of the 
sound emitted by the cuckoo. — Isl. gauk-a, 
Dan. qukk-er, cuculare. 

CUCKOLD'S-CUT, s. The first or upper- 
most slice of a loaf of bread, Roxb. The 
same with the Loun's-piece. In E. Kiss- 
ing crust. 
CUCK-STULE, Cukstule. V. Cockstule. 

CUD, s. A strong staff, S.— Teut. iodde, a 

To CUD, v. a. To cudgel, S. 

CUDBEAR, s. The Lichen tartareus, Linn.; 
dark purple dyer's lichen, S. Stat. Ace. 

CUDDIE, s. Abbrev. of the Christian name 
Cuthbert, S. ; as, Caddie Headrig. 

CUDDIE, s. A small basket made of straw, 
Shetl. — Su.G. kudde, sacculus, pera. It 
originally denoted a bag of any kind ; 
hence applied to a pillowslip. 

CUDDIE, s. A gutter in a street, Roxb. 

CUDDIE, Cuddy-Ass, s. An ass, S.— This 
word is most probably of oriental origin, 
and may have been imported by the Gyp- 
sies, this being their favourite quadruped. 
Pers. gudda signifies an ass; and I am in- 
formed that Ghudda has the same signi- 
fication in Hindostanee. 

CUDDIE, Cuddix, Cuth, s. The cole-fish; 
Gadus carbonarius, Linn. Statist. Ace. 

CUDDlNG,s. The char, a fish, Ayrs. Stat. 

CUDDY-RUNG, s. A cudgel. Dunbar. 

To CUDDLE, Cudle, r. n. To embrace, S. 
Ramsay. — Teut. kudd-en, coire,convenire. 

To CUDDLE, r. a. To embrace ; to fondle, 
South of S., Fife. Tennant. 

CUDDLIE, s. A secret muttering among 
a number of people, S.B. — Teut. quedel- 
en, garrire. 

CUDDOCH, s. A young cow or heifer ; 
one of a year old, Galloway, Dumfr. 

CUDDUM, s. A custom. Gl. Shirrefs. 

To CUDDUM, Cuddeji, v. a. 1. " To cud- 
dum a beast;" to make it tame and tract- 
able, S.B. 2. To bring into domestic ha- 
bits ; applied to persons, S. Boss. — Fr. 
accoutum-er, to accustom. 

CUDDUM, adj. Tame; usually applied to 
a beast, S.B. 

CUDE, Cudie, s. (pron. as the Scots pron. 
Gr. v.) A small tub, Ang. V. Coodie. 

CUDE, Code, s. A chrisom, or face-cloth 
for a child at baptism. Spotswood. — From 
C.B. cudd-io, to cover. 

CUDE, Cuid, adj. Harebrained; appear- 
ing as one deranged, Border. Synon. skeer. 
— Isl. kuid-a, to fear. 

CUDEIGH, s. 1. A bribe ; a premium for 
the use of money, Loth; a gift conferred 
clandestinely, S. Ramsay. 2. Something 
conferred as a present, in addition to wages, 
and synon. with Bounteth, Dumfr. — Gael. 
cuidaiqh-am, to help. 

CUDGER, Cudgie, s. The blow which one 
school-boy gives to another, when the 
former dares the latter to fight with him, 
Roxb. Synon. Voucher's Blow. 

CUDYUCH, s. 1. An ass, Dumfr. 2. A 
sorry animal ; used in a general sense, 
ibid. V. Cuddie. 

CUDREME,s. A stone weight. V. Chtd- 


CUDUM, Cuddum, s. Substance or largest 
share Dumfr. — Gael, cuid, a share. 




CUDWEED, s. A plant, Roxb. Appa- 
rently the same with Cudbear, q. v. 

CUDWUDDIE, s. V. Cutwiddie. 

To CUE, v. n. To fuddle, Loth. Hence, 

CUER, s. One who intoxicates others, ibid. 
Apparently a cant term. 

CUFE, s. A simpleton, S. V. Coof. 

CUFF of the neck ; the fleshy part of the 
neck 'behind, S. Gait. — Isl. kuf-r, con- 

To CUFIE, v. a. To outstrip ; to overcome, 
especially at athletic exercises ; as, " I'll 
cujie you at loupiu','' I will have the ad- 
vantage of you in leaping, Fife. To Coic- 
ardie, Mearns, id. Evidently from the 
same origin with Cu/e, Coof. — Su.G. kufw-a, 
supprimere, insultare ; Isl. kug-a, cogere, 
adigere ; subjugare, supprimere, Verel. 
The E. synonyme to cow, " to depress with 
fear," retains the form of the Isl. v., while 
S. cufie, exhibits that of the Su.G. 

CUFIE, Cuffie, s. The act by which one 
is surpassed, Fife. Coicardie, id. 

CUID, s. The chrisom used in baptism, in 
the Church of Rome. V. Cude. Mearns. 

CUYLLYAC, s. The Tellina Rhomboides, 
a shell-fish, Shetl. 

CUILLIER, s. A flatterer ; a parasite. 

To CUINYIE,r.«. Tocoin ; to strike money. 
ActsJa.II. — Fr. coLpi-er,id.Ij.B. cun-ire. 

CUINYIE, s. 1. Coin,'S.B. Acts J a. IV. 
2. The mint. Acts Ja. IV. 

CUINYIE-HOUSE, s. The mint. Skene. 

CUINYIOURE, s. The master of the mint. 

CUIR-BERAR, 8. One who has charge of 
any thing. Aberd. Reg. 

CUIRE, s. Cover. Poems 16th Cent. 

CUIRIE, s. Stable, mews. Pitscottie.— Fr. 
escurie, id. V. Quirie. 

CUISSE-MADAME, s. The name given 
to the French jargonelle, S. Neill. 

CUISSER, Cusser, s. A stallion, S. Fer- 
guson. V. CURSOUR. 

CUlST, s. A reproachful term. Pohcart. 

CUIST, pret. of the r. to cast, S. 

CUITCHOURIS, s. pi. Gamblers; also 
smugglers. Gl. Sibb. 

To CUITLE, r. a. To wheedle. V. Cctle. 

To CUITLE up, r. a. To effect an object in 
view by wheedling another, S. 

CUITTIE, s. A measure of aqua-vitae or 
beer, Roxb. Used in E.Loth. for a cap 
or bowl containing liquor. — Isl. kut-r, 
congius, a gallon. 

To CUITTLE, r. a. 1. To tickle ; used in 
a ludicrous sense. IVaverley. 2. To 
wheedle. V. Cutle, r. 

CUK-STULE, s. The Cucking-Stool. V. 

CULDEES, s. pi. A body of teaching pres- 
byters, who, from the sixth century down- 
wards, had their establishments in Ire- 
land, the Hebrides, Scotland, and Wales; 
were greatly celebrated for their piety ; 
and, acknowledging no bishop, were sub- 
ject to an abbot chosen by themselves. 

D. Buchanan. — Gael, cuildeach, a seques- 
tered person, from cuil, a retired corner, 
a cave, a cell. 

CULE-AN'-SUP. A term used to denote 
a state of poverty ; thus, " It's been c ulc- 
an , -sup wi' them a' their days," Teviotd.; 
q. cool and sup, as if obliged to swallow 
every meal, scarcely allowing sufficient 
time to cool it. 

CULE-THE-LUME, s. A person who is 
extremely indolent at his work, Roxb. ; 
q. one who suffers the instrument he works 
with to cool. Synon. Cule-the-airn , i. e., 
iron, Clydes. 

CULES, s. pi. Buttocks.— Fr. cul, id. 

To CULYE, Culyie, r. a. l.To coax; to 
cajole, S. Douglas. 2. To soothe. Dou- 
r/las. 3. To cherish: to fondle. Douglas. 
4. To gain; to draw forth. Kelly. 5. To 
train to the chase. Douglas. 6. To culye 
in with one, to curry favour, S. — Su.G. 
kel-a, to fondle, kela med en, to make 
much of one. 

CULYEON, s. A poltroon. E. cul/ion. 

CULLAGE, ?. The characteristic marks of 
sex.- — Fr. couille, testes, &c. whence couil- 
lage, culaige, tributum a subditis matri- 
monio jungendis, domino exsolvendum. 

CULLESHANGEE, s. An uproar; the 
same with Collieshanqie, q. v. Meston's P. 

CULLIEBUCTION, Colliebuction, s. A 
noisy squabble without mischief, Moray, 
Fife, Perths. 

CULLIONRY, j. The conduct of a pol- 
troon. Baillie. 

CULLISHANG, s. A broil ; a squabble. 

CULLOCK, 5. A species of shell-fish, Shetl. 

CULLONARIS, Colennaris, s. pi. The 
inhabitants of Cologne. 

CULLS, s. pi. The testicles of the ram, 
Roxb. — Teut. kul, coleus, testis, testicu- 
lus; whence, perhaps, Fr. couillon, if not 
immediately from Lat. col-eus, id. Isl. 
kijll, culeus, scrotum, claims a common 
origin ; as well as Su.G. gaell, and C.B. 
caill, testiculus. 

CULMES,Ci-lmez,s. A rural club. Doug. 

CULPIS, Cclppis, s. pi. Cups. 

CULPIT, part. pa. Leg. cuplit, coupled. 

CUJLREACH, p. A surety given to a court, 
when one is repledged from it. Quon. 
Attach. — Gael, cul, custody, and reachd, 
a law. V. Repledge. 

CULRING, 5. A culverin, a species of ord- 
nance. Nicol Burne. 

CULROUN, s. A rascal; a silly fellow. 
Douglas. — Belg. kul, testiculus, and ruyn- 
en, castrare. 

CULTELLAR, s. A cutler. Aberd. Reg. 
■ — L.B. cultellar-ius, whence Fr. coutelier, 
id. I need scarcely add, that it is from 
cultell-us, a small knife. 


CULTIE, s. 1. A nimble-footed little beast, 
Kinross. Sometimes used as synon. with 
She/tie. — Perhaps from E. colt, in Sw. 
kulting. 2. Applied to the feet, and syn. 
with the cant term Trotters, ibid. 

To CUM, Come, v. n. Used in the definition 
of the future; as, " This time come a year,'" 
i. e., a year hence, S. 

To CUM, r. a. To bring; to fetch; applied 
to a stroke, with different prepositions 

To CUM to, r. n. 1. To recover, S. Knox. 
2. To make advancement in art, S. 3. To 
regain one's usual serenity, after being 
discomposed or angry, S. 4. To come near 
in respect of local situation ; or, to come 
close up to, S.B. Boss. 5. Used of one 
who seems shy about a bargain, or reluc- 
tant to enter into any engagement, &c, 
when there is reason to suppose that he 
will at length comply. It is said, " He'll 
come to yet," S.— This phraseology is often 
applied to a suitor who fights shy, or 
seems to fall off. 6. To rise to a state of 
honour, S. Presb. Eloq. 

To CUM at, v. a. 1. To strike at, S.B. 2. 
To hit with satire, ibid. 

To CUM athort. To strike athwart or 
across, S. Skinner. 

To CUM or COME in, v. n. 1. To be defi- 
cient; to fall short; to shrink, S. To gae 
in, synon., Angus. 2. Used in a moral 
sense, in regard to any thing viewed as 
exuberant or excessive ; as, " Gi'e him 
time, he'll come in o' that," S. V. Ind. 

To CUM Gude for, r. n. To be surety for; 
as, " I'll cum gude for him, that the money 
shall be paid when it falls due," S. 

To CUM, or COME o'er, or ower, v. a. 1. 
To befall, used in a bad sense; as, " I was 
aye telling ye, that some mischauter wad 
cum o'er ye," S. 2. To get the better of 
one, in whatever way; as in an argument, 
a bargain, a contest, &c, S. 3. To cir- 
cumvent ; to take in by craft, S. Gait. 

To CUM oicer, or out ower, v. a. " As I cam 
a straik out ower his shouthers," Renfr. 

To CUM o'erwi.' To strike a person or thing 

To CUM upo\ or upon, r. a. " He cam a 
yark upo' me," he gave me a severe blow, 

To CUM about, or about again, v. n. To 
recover from sickness, S. 

To CUM on, r. n. To rain. " It's cumin on," 
it begins to rain, S. Hence oncum, on- 
come, a fall of rain, Loth. 

To CUM out, v. n. To dilate, to widen ; 
opposed to the idea of contraction or 
shrivelling, S. 

To CUM throw, v. n. To recover from dis- 
ease, S. ; affliction being often compared 
to a river or torrent, perhaps from the 
idea of the danger to which one is exposed 
in passing through a swollen stream. 

CUM, Come, *. A bend, curve, or crook, 

7 CUM 

Lanarks. — Allied, perhaps, to CB. cam, 
crooked; cammu and cemi, a bend, a curve. 

CUMBER, adj. Benumbed. In this sense 
the hands are said to be cumber'd, West 
Loth. — Teut. komber, kommer, aegritudo ; 
angor, moeror. 

CUMBLUFF, adj. To look cumbluf, to 
have the appearance of stupefaction, 
Perths. Bombazed, synon. 

CVMD, }jart. pa. Come, Loth. Burel. 

CUMERB,s. V. Cumerlach. 

CUMERLACH, Cumberlach, s. Appa- 
rently a designation of an inferior class 
of religious in the Culdee monasteries. — 
According to analogy, Cumerlach corres- 
ponds with Ir. and Gael, comhairleach, a 
counsellor, an adviser ; from comhairligh- 
im, to advise, to consult. 

CUMLIN, s. Any animal that attaches it- 
self to a person or place of its own accord, 
S. E. comeling, one newly come. 

CUMMAR, s. Vexation; entanglement,' E. 
cumber. Abp. Hamiltoun. — Belg. kom- 
mer, id. Cummer, id. Acts Mary. 

CUMMER, Comer, Kimmer, s. 1. A gos- 
sip, S. Kelly. — Fr. commere, a she-gossip. 
2. It sometimes occurs in the sense of 
god-mother, in relation to baptism. Spal- 
ding. 3. A midwife, Moray, Gl. Surv. 
Ayrs., Shetl. Train. 4. A common de- 
signation for a girl, corresponding to cal- 
land for a boy, Aug. .5. A young wo- 
man, Dumfr. 6. Applied to a female, 
without respect to her age, as expressive 
of contempt or displeasure, S. Saxon and 
Gael. 7. Used to denote one supposed 
to be a witch, Dumfr. Bride of Lamm. 

CUMMER, s. Vexation, &c. V. Cummar. 

CUMMERFEALLS, s. pi. An entertain- 
ment formerly given in S. on the recovery 
of a female from inlying. Marriage. — 
Fr. commere, a gossip, and veille, a vigil, 
a wake, a feast; q. " the gossip's wake, or 

CUMMERLYKE, adj. Like cummers, or 
gossips, Dunbar. 

CUMMER-ROOM. In cummer-room, an 
encumbrance ; appearing as an intruder. 

CUMMING, Cumyeone, .?. A vessel for 
holding wort. Inventories. V. Cymming. 

CUMMIT, part. pa. Come. Nicol Burne. 

CUMMOCK, s. A short staff with a crook- 
ed head, S.O. Burns. — Gael, cam, crook- 
ed, with the mark of diminution added. 

CUMMUDGE, adj. Snug ; comfortable, 
Berwicks. Probably a cant term. 

CUM-OUT-AWA, s. A swindler, Upp. 
Clydes.; q. Come-out-away, begone. 

To CUMPLOUTER, r. n. To accord. V. 

CUMPTER PACISS. " Tua campter packs 
of leid ;" as the weights in a clock are still 
called paces, S., probably two leaden coun- 

CUMRAYD, pret. r. Encumbered ; em- 
barrassed. Wyntoicn. 





To CUN, v. a. 1. To learn; to know. E. 
con. Douglas. 2. To taste, Dumfr. Mont- 
gomerie. — A.S. cunn-an, scire. 
give thanks; to express a sense of obliga- 
tion, S. Skinner. 2. To feel grateful; to 
have a sense of obligation ; expressive of 
what passes in the mind, S. Often in 
sing, con thank, S. — Su.G. kaenn-a, signi- 
fies to confess, to acknowledge. 

CUNDIE, s. 1. An apartment; a concealed 
hole, Ang. 2. A sewer or shore. One 
filled up with stones is called a rumbling 
cundie ; synon. rumbling syrer. 3. An 
arched passage, for conducting, under a 
road, the water collected by drains from 
wet grounds on the upper side of the 
road, Ayrs. 4. Sometimes used to denote 
a grate, or rather the hole covered by a 
grate, for receiving dirty water, that it 
may be conveyed into the common shore, 
Ang. — O.Fr. conduit, a shop, boutique ; 
also, an aqueduct, or canal for the con- 
veyance of water. 

CUNDIE-HOLE, g. A conduit, as one 
across a road, Roxb. — Way-side Cottager. 

CUNYIE, s. A corner formed by the meet- 
ing of two right lines, Roxb. Berw. The 
same with Coin, Coynye, q. v. 

CUNYIE-HOUSE, s. The mint ; by the 
ignorant orthography of early copyists 
written Cunzie-house. V. Cuinyie. 

CUN YIE-NUIK, s. A very snug situation ; 
literally the corner of a corner, Roxb. 

CUNING, s. A rabbit ; S. kinnen, E. conie. 
Dunbar.— Belg. konyn, Sw. kanin, Gael. 
coinnin, id. ; Lat. cuniculus. 

CUNINGAR, Cunningaire, s. A warren, S. 
ActsJa.I. — Sw. kaningaard, from kanin, 
a rabbit, and gaard, an enclosure. V.Yaire. 

CUNYSANCE, s. Badge ; cognizance.— 
Gau-an and Gol. Fr. coqnoissance, id. 

CUNNAND, part. pr. Knowing; skilful. 

CUNNAND, s. Covenant. Barbour. V. 


To CUNNER, «. n. To scold, Upp. Clydes. 

CUNNER, s. LA scolding, ibid. 2. A re- 
primand; a reproof, Fife. — Gael, cain-am, 
signifies to dispraise, cainseoir, a scolder, 
and cainseoinacht, scolding ; cannran-am, 
to grumble, and cannran, contention. 

CUNNIACK, s. A chamber-pot, Galloway. 
— This is, most probably, from Ir. cuiueog, 
a can ; C.B. kinnoq, id. 

CUNNING, s. Knowledge. Acts Ja. I.— 
A.S. cunnynq, experientia. 

CUNSTAR, s'. Aberd. Reg.— Undoubtedly 
allied to Teut. Dan. kunst, art, science; if 
not corr. from kunstner, an artist. 

CUNTENYNG,s. Generalship. V. Con- 


CUNVETH, Cuneveth, s. A duty paid in 

ancient times. V. Conveth. 
CUPAR JUSTICE. A proverbial phrase 

denoting trial after execution, S. The 

popular tradition is, that a man, who was 
confined in prison in Cupar-Fife, obsti- 
nately refused to come out to trial ; and 
that water was let into his cell, under the 
idea of compelling him to forsake it, till 
he was actually drowned ; that those who 
had the charge of him, finding this to be 
the case, brought his dead body into court, 
and proceeded regularly in the trial, till 
it was solemnly determined that he had 
met with nothing more than he deserved. 
CUP-MOSS, s. A name given to the Lichen 
tartareus. Surr. Banff's. The name pro- 
bably originates from the resemblance 
of the fructification to cups. V. Cudbear. 
CUPPELL, s. Perhaps a small tub ; a di- 
min. from Teut. kuyp, a tub; if not tubfull. 

CUPS and LADLES. The husks of the 
acorn ; from their resemblance to these 
utensils, Roxb. 

CUPPIL, s. Rafter. V. Couple. 

CUPPLIN, s. The lower part of the back- 
bone, s.B. 

CURAGE, s. Care; anxiety. Douglas. 

CURALE, adj. Of or belonging to coral, 
S. Inventories. 

CURBAWDY, s. Active courtship; as, 
" She threw water at him, and he an apple 
at her; and so began Curbatcdy," Dumfr. 
This nearly resembles Cbroair<7i<?, although 
quite different in signification. — It might 
seem to be from Fr. coeur, and baud-ir, 
q. what gladdens the heart. 

CURCUDDOCH. 1. To dance curcuddoch, 
or curcuddie, a play among children, in 
which they sit on their houghs, and hop 
round in a circular form, S. 2. Sitting close 
together, and in a friendly manner. S.B. 
Ross. 3. Cordial; intimate, Dumfr. Kelly. 

To CURCUDDOCH, r. n. To sit in this 
manner; to hold a friendly tete-a-tete, S.B. 

To CURDOO, Curdow, r. a. To botch; to 
sew in a clumsy manner ; a term applied 
to inferior tailors, Loth. Tweedd. V. 

CUR-DOW. An imitative term, used to 
express the cooing of the dove, S. Hogg. 
— Su.G. kurr-a, murmurare. 

To CURDOW, Curdoo, v. n. To make 
love, Ayrs. The Entail. From Curr, to 
coo, and doic, pigeon ; q. to coo as a dove. 

CURDOWER, s. 1. One who works at any 
trade within a burgh in which he is not 
a freeman, Roxb. 2. A tailor or semp- 
stress, who goes from house to house to 
mend old clothes, ibid. Cardower, Ayrs. 

To CURE, r. a. To care for. Lyndsay. 

CURE, s. Care ; anxiety, Fr. Paliee Hon. 

CURER, s. A cover, a dish. Houlate. 

To CURFUFFLE, v. a. To discompose; 
to dishevel, S. Ross. Y. Fuffle. 

CURFUFFLE, s. Tremour ; agitation, S. 

CURFURE>. The curfew bell. V. Cur- 


CURGELLIT, part. adj. Having one's 




feelings shocked, by seeing or hearing of 
any horrible deed, Ayrs. Expl. as- synon. 
with, " It gars a' my flesh creep."— ^Fr. 
coeur, and gel-er; q. " to freeze the heart V 

CURGES, s. pi. Undoubtedly meant, to. de- 
note curches, kerchiefs, or coverings for 
the head. Chalm. Mary. V. Cotirche. 

CURGLAFF, s. The shock felt in bathing, 
when one first plunges into the cold wa- 
ter, Banffs. 

CURGLOFT, part. adj. Panic-struck. Mes- 
t oil's Poems. 

CURIE, s. Search; investigation. Douglas. 
Fr. quer-ir, to inquire. 

CURIOUS, adj. Anxious; eager; fond, S. 
Baillie. — O.Fr. curios, curious, empresse', 
plein de zele, d'affection, soigneux, atten- 
tif ; Gl. Rom. Roquefort. 

To CURJUTE, r. a. 1. To overwhelm ; to 
overthrow ; a term much used by chil- 
dren, especially with respect to the small 
banks or darns which they raise, when 
these are carried off by the force of the 
water, Fife. 2. To overpower by means of 
intoxicating liquor; Curjuttit wi' drink, ib. 

CURKLING, s. The sound emitted by the 
quail. Urquhart's Rabelais. V. Cheiping. 

To CURL, Curle, s. : To cause a stone to 
move along ice towards a mark, S. Pen- 

CURLDODDY,s. 1. Ribgrass. Evergreen. 
Border Minstrelsy. 2. Natural clover, 
S. Orkn. Neill. 

CURLDODDIES, s. pi. Curled cabbage, S. 

CURLER, s. One who amuses himself at 
the play of curling, S. Baillie. 

CURLET, s. A coverlet. 

CURLIE-DODDIE, s. The Scabious, or 
Devil's-bit ; Scabiosa Arvensis, Linn., S.A. 

CURLIE-DODDIES,s.p7. The name given 
to a sort of sugar-plums, rough with con- 
fectionary on the outside, given to chil- 
dren, Roxb. 

CURLIE-FUFFS, s. pi. A term applied, 
apparently in a ludicrous way, to false 
hair worn by females in order to supply 
deficiencies, Teviotd. ; from the idea of 
puffing up the hair. V. Fuf, Fuff, r. 

CURLIES, s. pi. Colewort, of which the 
leaves are curled, S.B. 

CURLY KALE. The same with Curlies, s. 
— Isl. kndlkael, i. e., curled kail ; in Dan. 
kruskael, or crisped colewort. 

CURLIEWURLIE, s. A figure or orna- 
ment on stone, &c. Synon. Tirly-wirly. 
Bob Boy. Curliewurlies, fantastical cir- 
cular ornaments. Gl. Antiquary. 

CURLING, s. An amusement on the ice, 
in S., in which two contending parties 
push, or slide forward, great stones of a 
hemispherical form, of from forty to se- 
venty pounds' weight, with iron or wooden 
handles at the top. The object of the 
player is to lay his stone as near the mark 
as possible, to guard that of his partner 
which had been well laid before, or to 

strike off that of his antagonist. Pennant's 
Tour in Scot.— Perhaps from Teut. kroll- 
en, krull-en, sinuare, flectere, whesce li. 
curl ; as the great art of the game is, to 
make the stones bend or curve in towards 
the mark, when it is so blocked up that 
they cannot be directed in a straight line. 

CURLING-STANE,s. A stone used in curl- 
ing, S. Ramsay. — Teut. krull-en, sinuare, 

To CURLIPPIE, v. a. To steal slyly, Fife. 

CURLOROUS, adj. Churlish; niggardly. 
Bannatyne Poems. — AJ5. ceorl, rusticus. 

CURLUNS, s. pi. The earth-nut; the pig- 
nut; Bunium bulbocastanum, Linn., Gal- 
loway. Synon. Lousy Arnot. 

CURMOW, s. An accompaniment; a con- 
voy, Fife. — Gael, coirmeog, denotes a fe- 
male gossip, coirme, a pot-companion ; 
from coirm, cuirm, ale. 

CURMUD, adj. 1. Conjoining the ideas of 
closeness of situation, and of apparent 
cordiality or intimacy, South of S. La- 
narks. A. Scott's P. 2. Intimate ; in a 
state of great familiarity, Roxb. Tweedd. 
It is often used in a bad sense ; _ as, 
They're o'er curmud thegither, signifying, 
that a man and woman are so familiar 
as to excite suspicion. 3. Snug; comfort- 
able, Selkirks. 

To CURMUD, r. n. To sit in a state of 
closeness and familiarity. They're cur- 
muddin' thegither, Angus. 

CURMUDGE, s. A mean fellow, Fife. E, 


CURMUDLIE, Carmudlie, s. Close con- 
tact; a state of pressure on each other, 
S.B.— The origin may be Isl. kur-a, to sit 
at rest, (V. Curr) ; and mot, opposite to, 
or rather Dan., mod, by, aside. 

CURMURRING, 5. Grumbling ; that mo- 
tion of the intestines produced by slight 
gripes, S. Burns.— Teut. koer-en, gemere, 
morr-en, murmurare. 

CURN, Kurn, s. 1 . A grain ; a siugle seed, 
S. 2. A particle ; part of a grain, S. Chalm. 
Air. 3. A quantity, an indefinite number,S. 
4. A cum o' bread, a, small piece of bread, 
Roxb. 5. A number of persons, S. Journ. 
Lond. — Moes.G. kaurno, Su.G. kom, a 

CURN, Curne, s. A hand-mill, Fife. 

To CURN, CrjRNE, v. a. To grind, Fife. 

Bere-Curne, s. Expl. "the bere-stane." — ■ 
dime is the same with E. quern, Moes.G. 
quairn, A.S. cicaern, ciceorn, cuyrn, Su.G. 
quern, quarn, mola. Su.G. wir-a, circum- 
agere, or hurr-a in gyrum agitare, has 
been viewed as the root. Perhaps hwerfic-a, 
id., has as good a claim. 

Pepper-Curne,s. A mill for grinding pepper. 

To CURNAB, r. a. To pilfer, Fife.— The 
last part of this v. is evidently E. nab, to 
seize without warning. In S. it properly 
signifies to seize in this manner what is not 




one's own, to seize in the way of rapine. 
Su.G. napp-a, cito ampere. Perhaps the 
first syllable is allied to kur-a, to lay hold 
of clandestinely. 
CURNEY, Curnie, 8. A small quantity 

or number, South of S. Q. Durward. 
CURNY, Curney, adj. 1. Grainy, S. Old 
Mortality. 2. Knotted, candied ; as honey, 
marmalade, &c, Roxb. Quernie, id., Kin- 
ross. — Germ, kernicht. 
CURNIE, s. A nursery-term for the little 

finger; sometimes curnie- wurnie, Fife. 
CURNOITTED, adj. Peevish, Mearns. 
CURPHOUR, Curfure, s. The curfew 
bell, or evening peal. Bannatyue Poems. 
CURPLE, s. A crupper, S. — Fr. croupe. 
CURPON, Curpin, s. 1. The rump of a 
fowl, S. 2. Applied ludicrously to the 
buttocks of man,S. Burns. 3. Curpin 
is the common term in S. for the crupper 
of a saddle. — Fr. cropion, the rump. 
To Pay one's Curpin, s. To beat one. 
Ape's Curpon, a designation applied to a 
child, when meant to express displeasure 
and contempt, Ang. 
To CURR, r. n. To lean. — Isl. kure, avium 

more reclinatus quiesco. 
r lo CURR, r. n. Used in the same sense 

with E. cower. Boss. 
To CURR, r. n. To purr as a cat, Roxb. — 
It had been anciently used in the sense of 
Coo, as applied to doves. — Teut. koer-en, 
gemere instar turturis; Isl. Su.G. kurr-a, 
murmur edere ; Isl. kaur-a, mussitare, 
kaur, murmur. 
CURRACH, Currok, s. A skiff or small 

boat. Bellenden. — Gael, curach. 
CURRACK, Curroch, s. A small cart 
made of twigs, S.B. Statist. Ace— Gael. 
cuinqreach, a cart or wagon. 
CURRAN-BUN, s. The vulgar name for the 
sweet cake used at the New-year,from the 
currants with which it is baked, S. Picken. 
CURRAN-PETRIS, s. The name given to 
a certain root, South Uist. — Gael, curran 
denotes a carrot ; perhaps St. Peter's 
Carrot; it being very common, in the 
Highlands and Islands of S., to denomi- 
nate objects from some favourite Saint. 
CURRIE, Courie, s. A small stool, La- 
narks. ; denominated perhaps from the r. 
to Curr, to sit by leaning on the hams; or 
Cour, to stoop, to crouch. 
To CURRIEMUDGEL, r. a. To beat in 
good humour, Fife. Gurriemudge is used 
in Loth. One takes hold of a child, and 
rubbing the child's ears in good humour, 
says, " I'll curriemudge you." 
CURRIE-WIRRIE,arf/. Expressive of a 
noisy, habitual growl, Ayrs. Synon. 
To CURRIT, r. n. A term applied to a 
smooth-going carriage or vehicle of any 
kind ; as, " It currits smoothly alang," 
Roxb. Perhaps from the Lat. v. currere, 
to run. 

CURROCK-CROSS'T, adj. Bound to a 
currack, Buchan. Tarras's Poems. 

To CURROO, r. n. " To coo ; applied to 
the lengthened coo of the male pigeon," 
Clydes. — Isl. kurr-a, murmurare, nrinu- 
rire instar palumbum ; Haldorson. — Teut. 
koer-en, gemere instar turturis aut colum- 

CURSABILL, adj. Current. Aberd. Beg. 
— Fr. coursable, id. 

CURSADDLE, s. V. Car-saddle. 

CURSCHE, s. A covering for a woman's 
head, S. Aberd. Beg. V. Courche. 

To CURSEESE, v. a. To reprove ; to pun- 
ish, Aberd. 

CURSELL, 8. Pyle and cursell, a techni- 
cal phrase, formerly used in the mint, ap- 
parently denoting the impression made 
on each side of a piece of money, and equi- 
valent to E. cross and pile. ActsJa. VI. 
— Fr. pile denotes not only the impression 
made on the reverse of a coin, but the die 
with which it is made ; while Cursell is 
a diminutive from cors, S. the cross, which 
was always stamped on the more ancient 

CURSE 0' SCOTLAND, the name given to 
the nine of diamonds in the game of Whist ; 
said to have originated from the tidings of a 
severe defeat of the Scots having been writ- 
ten on the back of this card, South of S. 

CURSOUR, S. Couser, Cusser, s. A stal- 
lion ; originally a war-horse. Wallace. 
— Fr. coursiere, a tilting horse. 

CURTALD, s. A kind of cannon.— Fr. 
courtault, O.E. courtaud, " a kind of short 
piece of ordinance, used at sea ;" Phillips. 
From Fr. court, short. 

CURTEONS, s. pi. Apparently corr. from 

Fr. carton, thick paper or pasteboard. 
CURTILL, s. A slut. Gl. Lundsay. 
CURT1LL, adj. Sluttish.— Mr. Chalmers 

properly refers to O.E. curtail, a drab. 
CURTOUSH, s. " A woman's short gown," 
Ayrs., Gl. Picken ; i.e., what is in E. called 
a bed-gown ; Loth. id. — Apparently from 
Fr. court, Belg. hurt, short, and housse, 
which itself includes the idea of shortness. 
CURWURRING, s. Synon. with Curmur- 
ring, Loth.— Isl. kurr-a, murmurare, and 
rerr-a, or urr-a, hirrire. 
CUSCHE, Cl'sse, s. Armour for the thighs, 
Wyntown. — Fr. cu issot, id., from euisse, the 
CUSCHETTE, s. A ringdove. V. Kow- 


CUSHIE, Cushie-dow, s. The ringdove, S. 
Mayne's Siller Gun. V. Kowschot. 

CUSHIE-NEEL, s. Cochineal, as the word 
is still pronounced by the vulgar in S. 

* CUSHION, s. Set beside the cushion, laid 
aside ; equivalent to the modern phrase, 
" laid on the shelf." Spalding. 

CUSHLE-MUSHLE, s. Earnest and con- 
tinued muttering, S.B. Boss. — Su.G. 
kusk-a, to soothe, musk-a, to hide. 




CUSYNG, s. Accusation. Wallace. 

CUSSANIS, s. pi. Perhaps, armour for the 
thighs. Fr. cuissots. 

CUSSELS, s. The viviparous Blenny, Fife. 
Synon. Greenbone. 

CUSSER, Cooser, s. V. Cursour. 

CUST, 8. Perhaps abbrev. of Custroun, q. v. 

CUSTELL PENNIE, " A due the Bailive 
claimes out of the goods of the deceased." 
MS. Explication of Norish words, Orkn. 
Shetl. V. Best Aucht. 

CUSTOC, s. V. Castock. 

CUSTODIER, s. One who has any thing in 
trust, in order to its being carefully kept; 
a depositary, S. The Abbot. — L.B. cus- 
todiar-ius, custos ; Du Cange. 

CUSTOMAR, Customer, s. One who re- 
ceives duty on goods, S. Acts Ja. IV. 

CUSTRIL, Koostril, s. A sort of fool or 
silly fellow, Roxb. — O.E. custrell denoted 
the servant of a man-at-arms ; and O.F. 
costereaux, peasantry outlaws. V. Cus- 

CUSTROUN, s. A low-born fellow ; per- 
haps a beggar. Polwart. — O.Fr. coestron, 
batard, enfant illegitime ; Gl. Roquefort. 

CUSTOMABLE, Customable, adj. This 
word, besides signifying, as in E., "ac- 
cording to custom," (V. Spottisw. Suppl. 
Dec. p. 209,) also denotes what is subject 
to the payment of custom. Skene. 

CUSTUMARIE, s. The office of the cus- 
toms. Acts Ja. V. — Fr. coustumerie, id. 

To CUSTUME, v. a. To exact custom for; 
to subject to taxation, ibid. 

CUT, s. A lot. To draw cuts, to determine 
by lot. Douglas. 

CUT, s. A certain quantity of yarn, S. 
Statist. Ace. 

CUTCHACH, s. V. Coutchack. 

CUTCHIN, adj. Cowardly ; knocking under. 
The same with E. couching. V. Coucher. 

CUTE, Coot, Cuitt,s. The ancle,S. Lynd- 
say. Dunbar. — Teut. kuyte, sura. 

To Let one Cule his Cutes. To leave 
one to wait in a situation where he is 
exposed to the cold ; a phrase common 
among the vulgar; as, " / let him cule his 
cutes at the dore," or " in the lobby." 

CUTIT, Cuitit, part. adj. Having ancles ; 
as, sma' -cuitit, having neat ancles, thick- 
cuitit, &c. 

CUTE, s. A thing of no value. Dunbar. 

CUTE, adj. Shrewd ; sharp-sighted ; acute, 
S. 2. Deep; designing; crafty, S.B. — A.S. 
cuth, expertus. 

To CUTE, v. n. To play at the amusement 
of curling. — This term is used in the 
higher parts of Clydes. V. Coit, v., 2. 

To CUTER, r. a. To cocker, S. V. Kuter. 

CUT-FINGERED, adj. 1. A ludicrous 
term, applied to one who gives a short 
answer, or replies with some degree of 
acrimony. The idea seems borrowed from 
the peevish humour often manifested, 
when one has cut one's finger. 2. Applied 

also to one who leaves a company abrupt- 
ly, or makes what is termed a sbovmjouk; 
as "He's gane away unco cut-finger't-'wise," 

CUTH, Cooth, s. The coalfish, before it be 
fully grown, Orkn. Statist. Ace. 

given to the Entrochi, S. 

CUTHER1E, CuDDERiE,«f//. Very suscept- 
ible of cold, S.B. — Belg.£cW,cold,andn/A;, 
denoting full possession of any quality. 

CUTHIL, s. A word used to denote corn 
carried to another field than that on which 
it grew, Perths. V. Cutle, t. 

CUT-HORNIT, part. adv. Having the 
horns cut short. Aberd. Reg. 

CUTHRIE, adj. Having the' sensation of 
cold; fond of drawing near to the fire, Ang. 

CUTIE-STANE, s. A stone used in the 
amusement of curling ; sometimes pron. 
Cuttin-Staue, Clydes. — Apparently an old 
Cumbrian word, from C.B. cwd, " a pro- 
jecting, ejecting, or throwing off;*' Owen. 

CUTIKINS,s./>/. Cutikins, now called gai- 
ters, are short ; Spatterdashes, Scotice'%- 
gins, cover the whole leg. From cute, the 
ancle. Antiquary. 

To CUTLE, Cuitle, Cuittle, v. n. To 
wheedle ; To cutle in with one, id., S. 
The Abbot. — Teut. quedel-en, garrire. 

To CUTLE, v. a. To cutle corn, to carry 
corn out of water-mark to higher ground, 
or from low to high ground, that it may 
be sooner dried ; from a damp to a dry 
position, with the same view ; from a 
lown or sheltered spot to one that is ex- 
posed to the wind. The same term is 
used, when corn is removed froiu a dis- 
tant part of a field, or of the farm, to one 
that is nearer ; that when ready to be 
stacked, or housed, it may not be neces- 
sary to fetch it far in bad roads, W. Loth. 
Cuthil,FeTths. — Sa,x.kaut-en,Su.G.kiut-a, 

CUTLE, s. The corn set up in this manner, 
W. Loth. It is sometimes removed to give 
liberty to the cattle to eat the foggage. 

CUTLING, s. A flatterer; one who coaxes; 
a wheedler ; from Cutle, r. Jacob. Mel. 

CUT-POCK, s. The stomach of a fish, S.B. 


CUTTETLIE, Cuttedly, adv. 1. With 
quick but unequal motion. Burel. 2. 
Suddenly ; abruptly, S. 3. Laconically 
and tartlv, S. Baillie. 

CUT-THROAT, s. 1. A dark lantern or 
boicet, in which there is generally horn in- 
stead of glass; but so constructed that the 
light may be completely obscured, when 
this is found necessary for the perpetra- 
tion of any criminal act, S. 2. The name 
formerly given to a piece of ordnance. 

CUTTY, Kittie, s. A light or worthless 

CUTTY-QUEAN, *. 1. A worthless wo- 




man, S. 2. Ludicrously applied to a wren. 
Herd's Coll. V. Kittie. 

CUTTY, Cuttie, ad/. 1. Short, S. 2. Testy; 
hasty ; or to expl. it by another S. idiom, 
"short of the temper," Fife. — Gael, at- 
tach, short, bobtailed. Hence, 

CUTTIE, Cutty, Cutie, s. 1. A popgun. 
Bp. Galloway. 2. A spoon, S. — Gael. 
cutag, id. Ross. 3. A short tobacco 
pipe, S. Ramsay. 4. " A short stump 
of a girl," Dumfr. 

CUTTY-GUN, s. A short tobacco-pipe, 
Mearns. Cuttle, synon. 

CUTTIE, ». A hare, Fife, Perths. Berwicks. 
" Lepus timidus, Common Hare. S. Man- 
kin, Cuttle." — C.B. cxct, a rump or tail, 
a scut. 

CUTTIE-CL AP, t. The couch of a hare ; its 
seat or lair, Kinross, Perths. 

CUTTIE'S-FUD, s. A hare's tail, ibid. 
— Perhaps from Gael, cutach, bob-tailed. 
Cutag, according to Shaw, denotes " any 
short thing of feminine gender." Armor. 
gat, a hare. 

CUTTIE, s. A horse or mare of two years 
of age, Mearns. Supposed to be a dimin. 
from Cout, i. e., a colt. 

CUTTY-BROWN, s. Apparently a designa- 
tion for a brown horse that is crop-eared, 
or perhaps docked in the tail. Herd's Coll. 

CUTTY-RUNG, e. A crupper, formed by a 
short piece of wood fixed to the saddle at 
each end by a cord, Mearns. 

CUTTIE, s. The Black Guillemot, S.O. 

CUTTIE^BOYN, s. A small tub for wash- 
ing the feet in, Lanarks. Ayrs. 

CUTTY-FREE, adj. Able to take one's 
food, S.B. 

CUTTY-MUN, s. Cutty-mun and Tree- 
ladle. Supposed to be the name of an 
old tune. Cutty-mun, if denoting a spoon 
with a very short handle, as its connexion 
with Treeladle, a wooden ladle, would 
intimate, must be viewed as tautological; 
Munn itself, q. v., bearing this sense. 

CUTTY-STOOL, s. 1. A low stool, S. 2. 
The stool of repentance, S. Sir J. Sin- 
clair. — From cutty, kittie, a light woman. 
V. Kittie. 

CUTTIE-STOUP, s. A pewter vessel hold- 
ing the eighth part of a chopin or quart, 
S. Burns. Modem S., a Gill. 

CUTTIT, Cutted, adj. 1. Abrupt, S. R. 
Bruce. 2. Laconic and tart, S. 

CUTTITLIE, adv. V. Cuttetlie. 

To CUTTLE, v. n. To smile or laugh in 
a suppressed manner, Teviotd. Synon. 

CUTTUMRUNG, s. That part of the Tree- 
and-trantlum which goes under the tail, 

CUTWIDDIE, Cudwuddie,s. 1. The piece 
of wood by which a harrow is fastened to 
the yoke, Fife. 2. Cuticiddies, pi. The 
links which join the swingletrees to the 
threiptree in a plough, Clydes. 

CUTWORM, s. A small white grub which 
destroys vegetables, by cutting through 
the stem, S. 

CUWYN, s. Stratagem. V. Conuyne. 

CUZ, adr. Closely, Ang. Synon. Cosie, q. v. 

CWAW, Cway, a contraction for Comeaica' 
or away, S. 


DA, s. Day. Douglas. V. Daw. 

DA', Dae, Day, s. A doe. Acts Ja. VI.— 
A.S. da, Dan. daa, id. 

DA, s. A sluggard. V. Daw. 

DA, s. Perhaps a small portion or piece ; 
from A.S. dal, a division, or dael, a por- 
tion, I being quiescent in the end of many 
words in S. 

D A AR, adj. Dear, in price ; compar. daarer, 
superl. daarest, Aberd. V. Darrar. 

To DAB, Daub, v. a. 1. To peck, as birds 
do, S. J. Nicol. 2. To prick. Popular 
Bcdl. — Tent, dabb-en, suffodere, fodicare. 

DAB, s. 1. A stroke from the beak of a 
bird, S. 2. A smart push. Creichton. 

DABACH, s. A stroke or blow, Buchan. — 
Probably a dimin. from Dab, a stroke. 
Gael, diobadh, however, is a prick, a point. 

To DABBER, Dever, t. a. To confound or 
stupify one, by talking so rapidly that one 
cannot understand what is said, Dumfr. — 
This seems to be merely a provincial va- 
riety of Dauer. Daher, v. a. 

To DABBER, r. n. To jar ; to wrangle, 

Aberd. — Gael, deabh-am signifies u to bat- 
tle, to encounter;" Shaw. 

DABBIES, s. pi. Haly, Holy, or Helly, 
Dabbies. 1. The designation still given, 
in Galloway, to the bread used in the Sa- 
crament of the Lord's Supper. This is 
not baked in the form of a loaf, but in 
cakes such as are generally called Short- 
bread. 2. The vulgar name still given in 
Edinburgh to a species of cake baked with 
butter, otherwise called Petticoat-tails; 
in Dundee, Holy Doupies. — They have ob- 
viously been denominated Dabbies, as be- 
ing punctured, from the v. to Dab ; and 
Haly, Helly, or Holy, as being conse- 
crated to a religious use. 

DABERLACK, s. 1. " A kind of long sea- 
weed," Gl. Sure. Nairn. 2. " Any wet 
dirty strap of cloth or leather," ibid. In 
this sense it is often used to signify the 
rags of a tattered garment, from its re- 
semblance to long sea-weed. 3. Applied 
to the hair of the head, when hanging in 
lank, tangled and separate locks, ibid. 




DABLET, s. An imp ; a little devil. Wat- 
son's Coll. — Fr. diableteau, id. 

B ACH AN, {ijult.) s. A puny dwarfish crea- 
ture, Buclian. Synon. with Ablach, Wary- 
drag, &c. — Gael, daoch, a periwinkle ; 
Teut. docke, a puppet. 

BACKER, s. Struggle, Ang. Boss. 

To BACKER, Baiker, v. a. 1. To search; 
to search for stolen goods, S.B. lloss. 2. 
To engage ; to grapple, S.B. Poems Bach. 
Dial. 3. To toil as in job work. Gl. 
Sibb. 4. To deal in a peddling way ; to 
truck; to barter, S. 5. To be slightly em- 
ployed, S. 6. To be engaged about any 
piece of work in which one does not make 
great exertion ; to be slightly employed, 
S. 7. To stroll, or go about in a care- 
less manner, not having much to do, 
Roxb. Heart Mid-Loth. 8. To go about 
in a feeble or infirm state, Ettr. For. 9. 
To Daiker on, to continue in any situa- 
tion, or engaged in any business, in a state 
of irresolution whether to quit it or not ; 
to hang on, S. Bob Boy. 10. To Daiker 
up the Gate, to jog or walk slowly up a 
street, S. ibid. — Gael, deachair-am, to fol- 
low ; Flem. daecker-en, to fly about. 

BACKLE, s. 1. Suspense ; hesitation ; ap- 
plied both to inanimate objects, and to the 
mind, S.B. 2. The fading of the fire. 
Gl.Surr. Nairn. 

BACKLIE, adj. 1. Of a swarthy complexion. 
Ayrs. 2. Pale ; having a sickly appear- 
ance,ibid. — Isl. dauck-r, doeck-r s obacvaaa. 
It is conjoined with many other words; 
as, daukkblar, nigro-coeruleus, dark-blue; 
daukkraud-r, nigro-ruber, dark-red, &c. 

BA.GKLIN, 1. In a state of doubt, 
S.B. 2. Slow ; dilatory, S.B. 

BACKLIN, s. A slight shower ; " a dack- 
lin of rain," S.B. 

To BACRE one, v. a. To inflict corporal 
punishment on one ; as, u I'll dacre ye," 
spoken jocosely, Bumfr. 

BAB, s. A large piece. V. Dawd. 

BAB. Dad a bit, rot a whit; a minced oath, 
dad being expl. as equivalent to devil, 
Meariis. Ta ylor's S. Poems. 

To BAB, Baud, r. a, 1. To thrash, S.B. 
Saxon and Gael. 2. To dash ; to drive 
forcibly, S. Knox. 3. To throw dirt so 
as to bespatter, S. J. Nicol. 

B AB, s. 1 . A sudden and violent motion or 
stroke. It is also used to denote a blow 
given by one person to another, Galloway, 
South of S. Bamsay. 2. Used to denote 
the act of beating with the hands, as ex- 
pressive of a plaudit, Bumfr. Siller Gun. 

To BAB Bown, v. n. To fall or sink down, 
forcibly and with noise, S. Bamsay. 

BABBlE, s. A father; the term most com- 
monly used by the children of the pea- 
santry, S. Sony Herd's Coll. 

BABBINS, s. pi. A beating; I'se yi'e you 

your daddins, I will beat you, Fife. 
To BABBLE, Batpt,e, r. a. 1. To drag- 

gle, S. 2. To do any work in a slovenly 
way, Ang. 

To BABBLE, Baidle, r. n. 1. To be slow 
in motion or action, S. 2. To waddle ; to 
wriggle, S. 3. To be feeble or apparently 
unfit for exertion, S. 4. To daddle and 
drink, to tipple, S. 5. Applied to one 
addicted to prostitution, Ayrs. V.Bawdie. 

BABBLE, Baddlie, s. A pinafore, a larger 
sort of bib, S. 

To BABE. Perhaps to suck. 

To BAFF, v. n. 1. To be foolish. Policart. 

2. To make sport, Lanarks. 3. To toy, 
rather conveying the idea of wantonness, 
Ayrs. S.B. S.O. Picken's Poems.— -Sax. 
dac-en, insanire ; Su.G. dofw-a, sensu pri- 
vare, dofn-a, stupere. 

B AFFER Y,s. 1 . Romping ; frolicksomeness, 
S. 2. Thoughtlessness ; folly, S.B. Boss. 

B AFFICK, s. A coarse tub or trough, Orkn. 

BAFFIN, Baffing, s. 1. Folly in general, 
S. Bamsay. 2. Pastime; gaiety, S. Lynd- 
say. 3. Excessive diversion. Kelly. 4. 
Matrimonial intercourse. S. P. Bepr. 5. 
Loose conversation ; smutty language, S. 
Old Mortality. 6. " Ballying ;" indeli- 
cate toying, S. Gl.Shirrefs. 7. Berange- 
nient ; frenzy. Mel rill's MS. 

BAFFING, part. adj. Merry ; gay ; light- 
hearted, S. Petticoat Tales. 

BAFT, adj. 1. Belirious ; stupid, S. Bel- 
lenden. 2. Foolish ; unwise, S. Lyndsay. 

3. Giddy; thoughtless, S. Diallog. 4. 
Playful ; innocently gay, S. Bamsay. 5. 
Gay, to excess, S. Boss. 6. Wanton, S. 
Shirrefs. 7. Extremely eager for the at- 
tainment of any object, or foolishly fond in 
the possession of it, S. — Isl. dauf-r, dauft, 
fatuus, subtristis ; Su.G. doef, stupidus. 

BAFT BAYS. The Christmas holidays, 
and those at the New-year, S. Ferguson. 

BAFTISH, adj. In some degree deranged, 
S. A diminutive from Daft. 

BAFTLY,adr. 1. Foolishly, S. Bamsay. 

2. Merrily; gaily, S. Davidson's Seasons. 
BAFTLIKE, adj. 1. Having the appear- 
ance of folly, S. Bamsay. 2. Having a 
strange or awkward appearance, S. Hogg. 

3. Resembling derangement, S. Gait. 
BAFTNESS, s. 1. Foolishness. Abp.Ha- 

miltoun. 2. Fatuity; insanity, S. Entail. 

To BAG, v. a. To shoot ; to let fly. Knox. 

To BAG, v. n. To rain gently; used imper- 
sonally, It'3 daggin on, there is a small 
rain, S. — Isl. dogg-ua, rigo ; Sw. dugg-a, 
to drizzle. 

BAG, s. LA thin or gentle rain, S. — Isl. 
daugg, pluvia ; Sw. dagg, a thick or driz- 
zling rain. 2. A thick fog; a mist, S. 3. 
A heavy shower, Ayrs. — Su.G. dagg, dew. 

BAGGIE, adj. Brizzling. A daggieday,S., 
a day characterized by slight rain. Daivkie 

To BAGGLE, v. n. To fall in torrents, Ayrs. 

BAGGLER, s. A lounger; an idler, Fife. 

BAGE, *, A trollop ; a flirty mismanaging 




woman, Teviotd. — This is probably the 
same with Daw, Da, s. as used in sense 2., 
only differing in pronunciation. 

DAGH, s. Dough. V. Daigh. 

DAY, s. A canopy. Inventories.— O.Fr. day 
is synon. with dais, " a cloth of estate, 
canopie, or heaven, that stands over the 
heads of princes' thrones;" Cotgr. 

* DAY, s. A portion of time, determined by 
the word conjoined with it ; as, A month's 
day, the space of a month; A year's day, 
the space of a year. 

* DAY. The day, a Scottish idiom for to- 
day; as, How are ye the day I Waverley. 
The same idiom appears in the morn, 
the phrase invariably used in our verna- 
cular language for to-morrow. 

DAY and WAY. 1. To make day and way 
o't; to support one's self for the day, so as 
to clear one's way, without any overplus, S. 
2. " Ye've made the day and the way 
alike lang ,-" applied to those who have 
taken much longer time in any excursion 
than was necessary, especially when they 
do not return till nightfall, S. 

DAY-DAW, s. Dawn of day, Fife — 
Tennant's Card. Beaton. V. Daw,?. 

DAY-NETTLES. Dead nettles, an herb, 
S. Lamium Album, Linn. 

DAY nor DOOR. It is said that one can 
hear neither day nor door, when a person 
cannot distinguishone sound from another. 
It is more generally used, I think, to ex- 
press the stunning effect of loud noise, S. 
Old Mortality. I suspect that it should 
be D nor Door, in the same manner as it 
is said of a stupid person, that he disna 
ken a Bfrae a Bull's fit, S. 

To DAIBLE, r. a. To wash in a slight way, 
Roxb. E. dabble is synon. 

DAIBLE, s. A slight washing ; as, " The 
claise has gotten a bit daible," ibid. — 
Teut. dabbel-en, subigere. 

To DAIBLE, v. u. To go about in an in- 
active and feeble way ; generally applied 
to children, Ettr. For. — Fr. debile, feeble, 
infirm ; Lai. debil-is, id. 

To DAICKLE, r. n. To hesitate ; to feel 
reluctant, Ayrs. V. Dackle. 

DAIDLE, Daidlie, s. A larger sort of bib, 
used for keeping the clothes of children 
clean; a pin-afore, S. Jac. Belies. 

To DAIDLE, t. n. To trifle; S. V. Daddle. 

DAIDLER, s. A trifler, Dumfr. 

DAIDLING,fi«/-f.;/?\ Silly; mean-spirited; 
pusillanimous, S. Old Mortality. 

DAIGH,s. Dough,S. Bamsay.— A.S.f7«/*,id. 

DAIGHIE, s. 1. Doughy, S. 2. Soft ; in- 
active ; destitute of spirit, S. 3. Applied 
to rich ground, composed of clay and sand 
in due proportions, Banffs. 

DAlGHINESS,s. The state of being doughy. 

DAYIS. Tohald dayis, to holdja truce. Wyn- 
town. — Su.G. dag, a truce, also the time of 
the observation of a truce; daga, to come 
to terms, to enter into an agreement. 

DAYIS. A corrupted spelling of Agnus 
Dei's, " those little amulets, as one may 
call them, commonly made of fragments of 
the wax lights used at Easter, and im- 
pressed with the figure of the Paschal 
Lamb." Inventories. V. Angus Dayis. 
DAYIS-DARLING, s. A sweetheart, Lind- 

DAYITHIS, s. pi. Debts, Aberd. Beg. 

To DAIK, t. a. To smooth down; as, " to 
daik the head," to smooth down the hair, 
Mearns. — Perhaps a provincial pronuncia- 
tion, and oblique use of the E. v. to Deck. 

To DAIKER, r. n. V. Dacker. 

To DAIKER out, v. a. To dispone in an 
orderly way, West of S. V. Dacker. 

DAIKER, s. A decade. Skene.— Su.G. deker, 
id. " Deker skin," says Ihre, " according 
to our old laws, was the number of ten, 
or rather of twelve hides." The decades 
of the ancients generally consisted of 
twelve, as the hundred of 120. In S., the 
long hinder is 120, or six score, which is 
still used in the sale of oysters, and many 
other articles. 

DAIKINS, interj. An exclamation or kind 
of oath, Galloway. — This is undoubtedly 
the same with E. dickens ; which, accord- 
to Dr. Johns., seems to " import much the 
same with the der'd." Bailey gives it 
derilkin, i. e., little devil. 

DA1KIT, part. pa. " It has ne'er been 
daikit," it has never been used, Aug. 

DAIL, s. LA part ; a portion. E. deal. 2. 
A number of persons. Chr. Kirk. 3. Nae 
great dail, of no great worth or value, 

To have Dale. To have to do. Douglas. 

DAI L, s. A ewe, which not becoming preg- 
nant, is fattened for the butcher. Com- 
playnt S. 

DAIL, s. A field, Fife.— Teut. dal, dael, 
vallis; A.S. dael, Su.G. dal, id.; Gael, dal, 
" a plain field; a dale." 

DAILY-DUD. The dish-clout. V. Dud. 

DAYLIGAUN, s. The twilight. This is al- 
most the only term used in this sense in 
Clydes.; q. daylight gain or going. Synon. 

DAILL, s. Used in the sense of E. dealing, 
as denoting intercourse. Acts Ja. VI. 

DAILL-SILVER, Daill-Siluer, s. Money 
for distribution among the clergy on a 
foundation. Acts Ja. VI. — From A.S. 
dad, Teut. deel, deyl, pars ; whence deyl- 
brood, panis qui eiemosynae loco egenis 
distribuitur. V. Aniversary. 

DAIMEN,arfj. Rare; occasional, S. Ann- 
trin synon. 

DAIMEN-ICKER, s. An ear of corn met 
with occasionally, S. Burns. — From A.S. 
aecer, an ear of corn, and perhaps diement, 
counted, from A.S. dem-an, to reckon. 

To DAIMIS, r. a. To stun, Aberd. The 
same with Dammish, q. v. 

DAINE, adj. (ientle; modest; lowly. — 




Perhaps from the Fr. v. daign-er, to vouch- 

DAINSHOCH, adj. Nice or squeamish; 
puling at one's food, Fife, Berwicks. E. 
dainty. — Gael, deanmhasach, prim, bears 
some resemblance. 

DAINTA, Daintis, interj. It avails not, 
Aberd. Boss.t- Teut. dien-en, to avail,and 
intet, nothing. 

DAYNTE', s. Regard. Wyntown. 

DAINTESS, s. A rarity ; a delicacy, Ang. — 
It appears to be merely a corruption of 
the s. Daintith as used in the plural. 

DAINTY, s. 1. Large, as applied to inani- 
mate objects; as, A dainty kebbuck, a 
large cheese, S. 2. Plump and thriving, 
as regarding a child, S. It is also used of 
adults in the same sense with stately in S. 
A dainty bird, indeed, a large or well- 
grown person, S.B. 3. Nearly as synon. 
with E. comely, S. 4. Pleasant ; good- 
humoured, S. 5. Worthy ; excellent, S. 
Bums. G. Liberal ; open-hearted. She's 
a dainty wife; she'll no set you aim' tume- 
handit, S. This sense is very common in 
the North of S. 7. It is sometimes used 
ironically; That is a dainty bit, truly! 
applied to a scanty portion, S.B. — Isl. 
daindi, excellenter bonum quid ; dandis 
madr, homo virtuosus ; rendered in Dan. 
en brav mand, S. a braw man; perfectly 
synon. with " a dainty man." 

DAINTITH, s. A dainty, S. Kelly. 

DAJON-WABSTER, .*. A linen-weaver, 

To DAIR AWAY, v. n. To roam; to wan- 
der; applied to sheep, forsaking their 
usual pasture, Roxb. — It may be merely 
a softened, provincial pronunciation of 
Dover, Deliver, to become stupid. 

DAIRGIE, s. The entertainment given to 
the company after a funeral, Ang. Pro- 
bably a corr. of Dirge, E. V. Dregy. 

DAIS, s. V. Deis, and Chambrade